Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, July 17, 1910, EDITORIAL, Image 9

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    tjnday r Bee.
Political and Social News of the Old World Reported by Special Cable and Correspondence
. : , , . '
Gentle Axt of Self-Protection
, Object of Newly Formed
Idea ii to Be Able to Cope with Bade
Sulfrag-ettes When "Pit" Will Eesist
Police Officers.
Lord Kitchener mt Last ia Aboat to
HMCk 1IU Loi Delayed Usui
in Eaglaad'a Official
BY ;paul lambeth.
LONDON, July IS. (Special Dispatch to
The Bee.) A woman's athletic society la
. being organised In connection with the
Women' Freedom league, the chief or
ganization of the militant suffragettes,- In
crdar that the women may learn the art
tt fighting and wrestling and thus make
ihelr arrests In the future the matter of
-considerable physical display.
L'p until the present . the arrest of suf
frugettes has been one of London's chief
outdoor diversions, but. Judging from the
conditions which are being made for the
future the bobbies will - have their hands
more than full In handling the women.
Mrs. Oarrud, a Jlu Jltsu expert, has been
engaged by the organization to teach tnat
difficult art.
"The women under my charge will use
the Japanese -method of dealing with po
licemen and with rude men who Interrupt
their meetings," said Mrs. Oarrud. - "They
are tired of being hock led by a lot of
brainless men and arrested by a lot of
legal puppet-, as our police are. We. are
going to use force In 'earnest In the future.
If some of those big brutes of policemen
are Injured it won't be our fault for warn
ing haa now been given,"
Mlsa Kelly, who gained considerable no
toriety aa a "hunger striker" 'in various
'Jails, will also have charge of a branch
of the athletic branch. Mlsa Kelly Is a -tall
athletic young woman with broad shoul
ders and muscles 'that form In knots upon
her arms like the muscles of a' prize
fighter. Mrs. Oarrud Is only five feet tall,
t but It Is her boast' that she can "throw" a
. hulking six-foot policeman over her shoul-
der beoause 'she has done It many times In
the past' From now on the war for
'"votes for ' women" will' go on Vita re
newed "vigor. ' ".. ,i : .
Designer for -We w Coinage.
; .. It la announced . that Mr. Bertram Mack
' ennal, A. R. A., has. been chosen to de
' sigh and inodel the new coinage, and the
.coronation medal, which. will-be struck of
next year. In commemoration to . King
George's accession. The . appointment has
a, special fitness from the fact that Mr.
Mufktnn u the ' first artist from the
.overseas dominions - to. secure election-to
the royal academy. But apart from senti
ment, he has Justified his medals which he
executed for the Olympic games of 1909,
Kitchener fr Ilia Goal.
Few men have been shunted about In pub
lic office as a result of politics in the same
degree that has fallen to the lot of Lord
Kitchener. It has been the ambition of the
famous soldier for years to become chief
ot the Imperial General staff, . and now.
after many trials and disappointments,. tbat
hleh of flee looks to be nearly in his grasp,
It is not at all unlikely that General
81r Neville Lyttleton, O. C. B., commander
In-ch'.ef of the forces In Ireland, may de
sire to. retire at an early, data and that his
Kuccessur may be General Sir William
Nicholson, O. C. II.; ' chief of tho lmrlal
general staff. Should theso changes take
place the way would' be clear for tho ap
pointment ot Lord Kltchoner to. the offlcs
he could so ably flU and has so long
Sneaking of Lord Kitchener, the famous
Soltlkr is an enthusiastic gardener. Re
cently when hp was locking about for a
bouse near London ho Bpt-clfled that it
must be surrounded with fields so that he
could raise practically all the vegetables
.' necessary ' for the household. In Calcutta.
.when Lord Kitchener was stationed there,
ho could be seen at work in bis garden
aswiDlng and owning.
' ' - ' Phlna Ordered Sold.
Having been condemned as unfit for
further service, the battleships Centurion
and -Uarfleur, the armoured cruiser, Nel
son, and the protected cruiser, Melampus,
have been ordered by the admiralty to be
old by public auction.
' The Melampus, which was built under the
naval defense set,, was. for two. month
under the. command of King George, then
commander in the navy, who commissioned
it in U&i to take part In the naval man'
ouvivs of thut year. Tho Barfleur, Cou
turion and Nelson re all ex-flaghlps.
lirotbers as Peers.
In accordance with precedent. Sir Charjes
Hardlngo will bo raised to the peerage be
fore ho sails for India, being created
viscount of .the 1'nlted Kingdom. As he Is
the younger brother of Viscount Hard Inge,
the rare occurrence of two brothers being
peers will take place There have been
v.ny few instances of this nature, but one
readily occurs to mind, that of the Karl of
Iddesleigh and Lord Northcote. Curiously
enough. Lord Northcote obtained his peer
au by bring appointed governor of Horn
bay. American Warships' at Pl mouth.
Much Interest has been evinced in the
American squadron of warships, which
dropped anchor in Plymouth aound for ft
visit. A number of the tailors on shoro have
attracted much attention in Plymouth and
London. The squsdren comprised Ilia Iowa,
tarrying the pennant ot Captain Uoorge R.
Claik. renlor officer; the Massachusetts
and Indiana, and. apart front their ordinary
complements, the three vessels have on
board between them over 2U0 midshipmen
ot the United States navy, who are out
from tho naw4 academy at Annapolis for
a three months' instructional cruise In
. European water. The squadron coaled, tak
!ng on nearly 1.009 tons of Cardiff fuel and
sirs tiled away to Marseilles for a week'a
visit there
Redmond, O'Connor and Devlin Bonnd
for America.
Will . Probably React tbe tUM
States Karly In Aaa-aet .
Redmond's Many Ac
eom:llBh ments.
DUBLIN, July K.-KSpecla! Dispatch to
The Bee.) John Redmond, T. P. O'Connor
and Joseph Devlin, are making prepara
tions for their American trip. While the
date of their departure haa not been defi
nitely announced they probably will sail
late In August" and will remain In the
United States several weeks. They are In
constant communication with the leaders
of Irish thought In the United States and
In tKelr Itinerary will be guided largely by
the wishes of their American friends.
Mr. Redmond Is watching closely the de
velopments of the conference which Is
seeking to find some way out of the
British constitutional muddle. He Is not
hopeful, tut If the British leaders should,
reach an agreement which Is not Inimical
to home rule he will support It. If ar.y at
tempt la made,' however, to sidetrack home
rule there will be trouble.
Redmond's Personality.
Mr. Redmond does not, like some parlia
mentarians, seize upon any excuso to get
upon his' feet, but rarely rises unless he
haa something to say. And he says It with
sledge hammer emphasis and diction that
Invariably attracts all the shirkers back to
the "green benches."
He first figured prominently In the polit
ical history of Ireland In 1880, when he ac
companied Mr. Pamell . to the famous
meeting at Ennlscorthy, when they were
nearly murdered by a hostile mob.
Mr. Redmond entered Parliament soon
afterwards as the member for New Roes.
Unlike most new members, he delivered
his maiden speech on the night he took his
seat, and he holds the record of being sus
pended before the close of the sitting.
" He Is a fine billiard player, a practised
hand at the foils, rides well, as frequent
visitors to Hyde Park have many "oppor
tunities of observing. Is a good shot, and
can still give a good account of himself In
front of a wicket" His foot ball days are
it, but, he still takes a deep Interest in
game. The love of the drama, fostered
hla schol days at Clongowes, when he
was looked upn as the crack performer In
their Shakespearean productions, has never
left him, and, when In London, if duties
permit it, is an enthusiastic flrstnlghter.
Vice Regents in Residence.
Lord and Lady Aberdeen have returned to
Ireland and taken up their residence at tha
Viceregal Lodge. It'll pleasant resi
dence at this season, situated in the cen
tral position of the open 1,760 acres of the
Phoenix Fark. Close to the boundary ot
the Viceregal demesna is the AH Ireland
Polo .club ground, the Hurllngham of Dub
lin, where a sport-loving public assemble In
crowds to witness the constant polo
matches. Cricket grounds are numerous In
the park .and possessed by all classes.
The lodge Jn , the Pheonix Park was made
a viceregal residence ten years or so be
fore Union) having previously been the
ranger's lodge., The subrange' lodges. In
close contlngulty to It, were made the resi
dences respectively of the chief and under
Kitchener's Ontlnat.
Lord Kitchener enjoyed his trip through
the lower, middle and upper lakes or
KUlarney immensely. He stated it was
forty years since he had been In KUlarney
last, and he sincerely hoped to be able to
visit it more frequently In the future. He
was charmed with the scenery and the
weather was ideal. His lordship added his
signature to the distinguished rcll already
bung up in the lounge of the Royal Victoria
hotel, and,, by special permission he was
photographed, before leaving for Dereen,
the residence of the marquis or Londs-
downe, enroute to Cork via Glengarlff.
Das Ball at Belfast.
Belfast was. treated to a real American
game of base ball the other day, the play
era being a party of cadets from the United
States training ship Newport lying af Car
rlckfergus. They were entertained at lunch
by tha lord mayor of the city.
Pathetic Kndlnsv of n Romantic Af
fair of tbe Heart la the Al
pine Wilds.
GENEVA, July 17. (Special Dispatch to
The Bee.) A pathetic Alpine tragedy hap
pened on Sunday on the Jallouvre moun
tain, 7,000 feet high, which is situated in
Geneva In Savoy.
Emlle Husar, a young Pole residing In
Geneva, and a good climber, promised his
fiancee that this would be his last climb.
as bis marriage was arranged for the mor
row. His finaceo objetced to hla climbing,
but Husar waa enthusiastic and attempted
to climb. the aheer unknown peak ot Jail
ouvre. He fell 700 feet and waa killed.
Members of the Alpine club 'transported
his corpse to a hut, which they burled In
Alutna flowers. The body was carried
down to Geneva on Monday.
Dura Others Are Seriously III nt Saa
Kateban Monastery na Resnlt
of Feud.
LISBON, July It (Special Dispatch to
Tha Bee.) Two Franciscan monks are
dead at the monastery of San Esteben as
the result of poison and a dozen others are
seriously ill. The affair is declared to be
the result of a feud with Inhabitants of
the district Last month a number ot
peasants made a night attack on tha place
and endeavored to ret fire to the building,
The monks, however, barricaded the doors
and couraegously held the enemy at bay
until a detachment ot civil guards arrived.
No further attacks have been made on
tha monastery, but after eating their even
lug meal recently a number of monks
showed symptoms ot poisoning and It was
fuund that the soup bad been polsonsd.
Corneals Makes Contribution to Plod
den Memorial Kand and Others
EDINBURGH. July 14. (Special Dispatch
to The Bee) Dr. Andrew Carnegie cf Sklbo
emtio has contributed $64 to Flodden
memorial fund. Sir Robert Usher has given
(A, but the total amount subscribed stil
falls short of the minimum sum required.
Physical Condition of German Ruler
Worse Than is Generally
Offer of Excessive Premiums is No
Investigation of Friedberg" Bomb
Worries the Police. "
Germany nt Present Lends All Other
C'onntrles In the IN n ra be r of
Labor Disputes Wages
tho Main Issno.,
BERLIN, JULY 16. (Special Dispatch to
The Bee.) Much has been written about
tha kaiser's health, but I am in possession
of facts which tend to show that his phy
sical condition is worse than Is generally
believed. About eight months ago his maj
esty was told by physicians that hla sym
toms were such as to excite alarm.
The kaiser's first thought was of his fam
ily and he Immediately opened negotiations
to purchase a life insurance policy for
15,000,000 upon his life so that adequate pro
vision might be made for his younger
children In case of sudden death.
Medical experts were sent by the In
surance company to Potsdam castle where
they made a searching physical examine
tlon of the Kmperot- Within a fortnight
word was conveyed to the ruler that the
company would not care to take the risk
of Insuring his life. His majesty attempted
to purchase the policy by agreeing to pay
$000,000 annually In premiums. At this rate
the company would be reimbursed for the
$5,000,000 in ten years but even this allur
ing offer was rejected.
It Is reported In official circles that over
tures have been made to all the big in
surance companies of Great Britain, Eu
rope and America and iot one will place
a risk upon the life of the emperor. This
puts an entirely new,aspect upon the mat
ter of the kaiser's Illness. Extraordinary
attempts have been made to keep the true
facts from becoming public and the agents
through whom negotiations with Insurance
companies ywere carried on were all sworn
Bomb .Oatragre Interesting.
The Imperial Investigation of the. Fried'
berg bomb outrage and its , accompanying
attempt to plunder, the Imperial bank, hai
now attained to the 'point where tha Ger
man secret service branch is pow working
111 hand fth the international represent.
tlves upon the Continent and they are en
gaged In unravelling the last threads of
the most ' perfectly laid plot ' that' has
come to their attention In many years. .
Story of the Crime.
In view of the possibility of further
developments,. It will, be advisable briefly
to recapitulate the details ot the affair so
far as they have become known. To pick
up tbe first thread of the story one must
go back to June 14. At 10:45 on tne evening
of that day, a policeman on watch in the
Frankfort Bockenhelmer . Landstrasse,
where tha merchant princes of the Main
have their town palaces, noticed a man
emerge from the garden of the banker.
Herr A. Mayer, mount a bicycle,, and ride
off with all apeed. Possible the constable
would not have paid particular attention
to the occurrence had ' it not been that a
few minutes later the stillness of night was
broken by a tremendous report, followed
by the crash ot glass from a score of win
dows. An explosion bad taken place Just
outside the banker's house on the path
leading up to the tradesmen entrance."
There was a brief struggle, during which
the manager received several blows on the
head with suine hard object, evtdntly
pistol. Tbe noise attracted other people
in the building, who were heard approach
lng. Then the stranger appeared to realise
that bis enterprlue had (ailed. He broke
loose and mode for the door, but tarried
In his flight to fire a couple of revengeful
shots at his ' opponent. One struck- the
manager on the forehead, and the other
grazed his novo.
'Flight aad Parsalt
The miscreant was encountered in the
doorway by several persons who had heard
the reports and stopped to see what was
wrong. With the utmost sang irota ne
told them that somebody had been shot.
and that he was off to fetch a doctor.
He mounted a blcyce which was standing
outside, and hastened away. But, as luck
would have It, the. pursuit was speedily
taken yp. Bystanders urged the driver
ot an empty motor-car to Join in the chase.
He waa indifferent to their appeals, and
soon . disappeared. The police, however,
were fortunate enough to secure tha ser
vices of another car, .and overtook the
criminal Just outside Nauhelm. He had !
he meanwhile fired two more shots at
persons who, rather by accident than de
sign, bad interposed themselves between
him and safety. One deaf and dumb boy
of IS was struck In the lower part of the
abdomen, but the wound haa not proved
fatal. ...... .
When the fugitive, who was plainly ex
hausted by hla desperate efforts to escape.
saw that the pursuers were close on his
heels, he Jumped off the bicycle arfid took
to the fields. He was. however, overhauled
and after having directed a shot at the
policeman nearest to him, sunk down on
his knees and fired his last bullet through
his own brain.
Labor Troablee Many,
According to statistics Jiidt published In
tbe German "Imperial Labor Gasette,"
Germany leada ln the number of strikes.
From the figures given It would seem
that the German workmen are usually far
from satisfied. According to the figures
there were 1,947 strikes in Germany in
1S0S alone, against .9 in England, France
and Austria had respectively 1.071 and 721.
Germany too, had far more strikes than
any country In Europe Ui ISO).
Of 1,41 German strike for higher wages,
S6 were successful, 4kS partly so, and 7
failed. The German trade unions disbursed
on account of strikes In 107 tha sum of $3,
MO.OOO or SI per cent of their total expen
diture for all purposes; while the British
unions ln ths same period paid out only
ltJei.000 for strikes, or tfc per coat ot their
segregate eapeaUitura,
No Lone-er Anv Laiurer of Outbreaks
from the Islanders.
Km per or Francis .Joseph Tnlcea
Snmmer Layoff f rem , Stronaons
Dntlea of tho Throne
Political Datl.
VIENNA, July It (Spoolal Dispatch to
The Bee.)-There is very reason ntow to
Deueve inei uie Cretan crisis has passed
and danger of an outbreak over the gov
ernment of the island has for the time be-
lng at ail events been eliminated. The
status quo will be maintained and the Cre-
tans will not be annexed to Greece for a
while. That this will be the ultimate des
tination of Crete la regarded as certain,
but the time la not yet ripe for it. The
new government of Turkey la In a position
Where it Would not go Very far to avoid
war. In fact some of the leading members
of the Turkish government are Inclined to
believe that a foreign war would do much
to soldlfy the country and if the Turkish
army and navy were In a little better trim
It Is not all unlikely that the sublime
port would be Inclined to force matters,
Europe, however, does not want war and
will not permit either Crete or Bulgaria
to give Turkey a fair excuse for putting
her armies Into the field.
Emperor Takes Rest.
The Emperor Francis Joseph has cone to
Ischl, where he will reside until the be-
ginning of September. The emoeror Is said
to hve exerted his influence In order to In-
duce the duke of .Cumberland to attend the
christening of the Infant son of the grand
duke and grand duchess of Mecklenburg-
Schwerin, when he would have met the
Emperor William. Tha duke, however, will
not entertain the Idea of a peraonal recon-
cilllatlon with the German emperor. He is
as obstinate on this point as was his great
gandfather George III. on the question of
Catholic emancipation.
i no Arcnauke Joseph Ferdinand, a cousin
of the Emperor Francis Joseph recently had
a narrow escape from drowning, He had
made a balloon ascent at Llnz, accom
panied by an officer and an engineer. The
balloon was caught In a violent storm and
waa driven down into the Danube, thai car
dipping into ' the water. The occupants
threw out ballast and thus got the balloon
to rise a little, but It again fell Into the
river, and the archduke and his companions
were up to their necks ln water before
eventually managed to lighten the car suf
ficiently to cross the river.
Dael ' Over Polities. ' .
A duel, fought with swords, took place
in .Vienna Detween ur, stoelsel, a German
4eputy, and a Pan-German student, named rather hard on some. , A bachelor, having
Wagner. Mrho bag passed unfavorable crlti- severely starved hie natural human ambl
clsims ln publie upon Dr. Stoelsel's political tlon to be the father of a family ln order
aettmyin ths-sixth bout Herr Wagner I
waa slightly woonded In the arm and face,
Dr. stoelsel was untouched.
tierr Hobl, German Flyer, Meet
Death ia Effort to Give Crowd
Somethlag for Moaey.
BERLIN.' July l.-(SnoJal . Di.nh t
Th Bee.)-How entirely unjustified are
aviators crowds in demanding a flight at
au costs was borne out at Stettin, when " B" in practice tne . marriage oi
Herr Robl, a young German aviator, met telephone glrla' la most certainly not en
hla death ln an endeavor to give the on- couraged, and It la difficult to' Imagine
lookers something for their money. A num. I that It could be. Tha most efficient tele-
ber of aviators who were participating in phonist Is not likely to be the lady who has
the meeting having refused to fly on ac- most babies at home whom she would p re
count of the bad weather conditions, the fer to mind, and, as a matter ot fact,
public' began to hiss and Jeer and to call ought to be minding. Instead of connecting
loudly for Herr - Robl, who was a great wires for impatient people to exchange
favorite. Herr Robl, against the advice
of the authorities essayed a flight in his
Fai man biplane, and flew beautifully for a
short time to the accompaniment of tu- clerks to marry without government per
multuoua cheers from the spectators. Bud- mission. Men clerks can marry without
denly the machine dropped like a atone to leave of the authorltiea at present Soon
the ground from a height of 260 feet. The
aviator waa picked up dead, having been
icrrioiy mangiea, irom underneath the de-
bria of tha aeroplane which waa smashed
to pieces. Robl was formerly one of the
best-known German track cyclists. He be-
gan his cycle racing career as a sprinter
about fifteen years ago. He was one of the
first riders to adopt motor-pacing and was
one of the most daring of pace-followers,
his monster motor tandems being famous
all over Europe. He won the world's mid -
die-distance championship in 1901 And the
following year, Berlin being the scene of
both victories. At the time of his death he
still held several world's records. This
latest accident brings tha total number of
"flying" deaths to eight They are: Self-
ridge, Lefebvre, Ferber, Fernandes, Dela-
grange, Leblon, Michelln and Robl.
n with Onenworlt Waists Ai
Hereafter to Be - Barred
from Charch.
GENEVA, July la. (Special Dispatch tp
The Bee.) Cure Vllllger, . the! head of the h" come before the Perls courts. M.
village church of Sarmenstorf ln the Can- Chevaux la suing . M. Jacquelln for $6,000
ton of Argovie, was so shocked by the whlch h declares he expended on behal,'
younger women of hla congregation appear- ot M- Jcquelln at the general elections
lng In church ln white openwork blouses, M- u PPrs that M. Chevaux re-
owlng to the very hot weather which pre- his candidature in consideration of
vailed, that he changed the subject of the payment of this sum by M. Jacquelln.
sermon and spoke on' the vanities of the M' Ch,vu w". according y to the bar
world, and openwork blouses In particular. ,0 do he could to cure the re-
At the end of the sermon the cure stated turn of M- Jmn. nd he says he did
that in the future no women wearing open- ' Another mn w" elected In their dl-
work blouses would be allowed to enter vl"lon- n M- Jcquelln refused to pay
tha church, and that he had given orders the monev- Hence tha claim of M Chevaux.
to that effect The men In the village sup
port the cure, while the women are very In
Victorian Departmeat la geatW Wales
Takes Deep Interest la
8TDNKT. July Is. Special Dispatch to
the Bee.) Much attention has been' paid
to forestry recently. The Victorian de
partment this winter will plant nearly a
million young pines, apruoes, and hard
woods, and will aow 125.000 Immediately.
Probably four million seedlings will be
available In 191L The New Mouth Wales
government now Inserts more afforesta
tion clauses -Jn Its lease-. It la taking this
step to prevent undue destruction of the
valuable plno and Ironbark belts when th
jPllllga scrub la thrown ope
2111 1UJU. All U liilV-U
Depopulation of France Creates
Mucn Anxiety in Govern
ment Circles,
Fathers of Large Families Are in
' Line for Promotion.
Pnblic Officials Are Bound to Com XTarriara
puisory Maxriagv.
Maids Are ameroaa la Service of
Telcurnnh and Telenhnna Oman
laatloas Fresh Graft Scan
rial la on Tap.
PARIS, July 16. (Special Dispatch to The
Bee.) There is consternation In the French
bureaucracy over a bm Mor the senate
Introduced by Senator Lannelongue for the
purpose of checking the depopulation move
ment lrf Prance. It contains the following
provisions: Extra military service for sin-
"le men over 25 of compulsory
marriage for all civil servents snd those
holding municipal or communal appoint-
ments from the sge of Z5. and especial ad
vantages for those having three or more
children, tr.d the suppression of the ar-
Melee In the code compelling a man to
divide his fortune among his children. The
fther, In M. Lannelonque s bill, would be
bl dispose ot his fortune how he liked,
nd n this way the senator thinks would
not restrict his family In the fear that his
Property would be cut up into very small
portions. Tha younger children would gain
from the fact that they would have to
make their own wav In life
Toaa-h oa the Celibates.
AH "functionaries" are by no means mar
ried men. In fact, the bachelors are prob
ably in the majority, while spinsters cer
taJnlr r ln the PBta- telegrapha and tele-
Phonea. Hitherto chiefs of all government
officials have;, as a rule, anown an Unmis
takable bias In favor of bachelors among
the mal clerks. The Idea generally was
that a functionary without home encum-
brances was more sealous In the discharge
of his public duties. He would not mind
working overtime, having only to run out
and dine at a restaurant, whereas his mar
ried caleague was afraid of keeping madam
waiting and spoiling the dinner,
Now all this Is to be changed. . It will be
to get on In the "administration," will have
ome cause for complaint It the tables are
turned and married men pass over his
head, now that, perhaps, he haa reached
an -age nt which it is no longer so easy to
find a mate as It might have been.
' For the' Ladles, What t
As for the ladies ot the posts, telegraphs.
and telephones, a tew years ago there was
actually a question whether marriage
would not be forbidden them ky regulation.
Luckily, so Inhuman a veto never was ap-
Plled' or the P"tmater who "PP'
wouI hear something from Prof. Lannel-
usually idle talk over them. A regulation.
at all events, exists, and - is rlgorou&ly
enforced, forbidding any female government
they may have to marry to comply with
tho regulations.
Aaother Graft Scandal.
France Is rarely without a graft scandal
or . Aa the result of revelations, made
'n the course ot a stormy debate In the
chamber when two deputies declared that
under M. Combes' ministry they had been
I offered the Legion of Honor In return for
montsry payment. Mr. Rouanet (socialist)
1 has brought In a motion, for the total sup
pression of all civil decorations in France,
I proposing that his motion be discussed 1m-
Amid some noise, the prime minister, M.
Briand, urged that M. Rouanet's proposal
was Introduced under the influence of the
revelations and that the question of the
abolition of decorations must first be thor-
oushlv considered. There were all sorts
of intermediaries who sought to profit not
oniy oy aecorauons, out oy an Kinas oi
favors. There were also numbers of good
cltisena who "did not deserve to see wither
ln their buttonholes the decorations they
had well deserved.
A curious example of political corruption
Premier a Printer.
M. Briand, the French premier, who haa
recently emerged successfully frovi a gen
eral election, la a solicitor by profession,
although he started life as a compositor.
He Represented the Batnt Nazaire
Labor exchange and the Syndicate of
Metallurgists of Trlgnoe. His presence was
objscted to by some of the delegates, who
argued that, as a qualified solicitor, hs
ought to be excluded from a congress of
"I am a workman myself," replied M.
Briand, "a working compositor, as I com
pose by myself the newspaper tbat I pub
lish at Saint Nasalre."
"Where did you get tha money to make
yourself a lawyer?" he was asked.
"By working for It," replied the future
premier. So he waa at once admitted. It
la interesting to note that since he haa had
the responsibilities of office bis opinions
have been considerably modified.
Little Hope of Merry Del Val Ad
Dtstarbaace Welgha Heavily oa Hla
Mind aad Merlons Physical
Breakdown Now Seems
ROME, July !, (Special Dispatch to
The Bee.) The situation ln 8 pa In and
tha health of the pope are causing sir
ious concern In the. Vatican. It irt feared
that there is now little chance for an
amicable adjustment of the Spanish situa
tion. Cardinal Merry Del Val has placed the
chun-h In a position from which It cannot
recede without serious loss of prestige and
it Is eared the Spanish government will be
Impelled to go much further along the way
of the separation of church and state than
it was at first Intended.
The situation has weighed heavily on the
mind of the pope and has caused a serious
breakdown in his physical condition. I
understood In fact that thuse cleao to the
holy father take a most serious view of
his condition and would not be surprised at
any time If he should break down entirely.
Italy aad Argentina.
The departure from Homo of President
elect Saeng Pena of the Argentine repub
lic was a notable event. Dr. Sacns pena
has been Argentine minister to Italy for the
last three years and has done a great deal
to cement a close friendship between, the
two countries. It has been due hugely to
his efforts that a steady stream of Italian
immigration has been turned to the South
American republic.
It is thought altogether likely that when
he assumes the presidency special steps will
do taken to attract more Italians to Argen
Una by offering special Inducements to set
Princess Clementine to Wed.
Princess Clementine, the youngest duugh
ter of the late King Leopold of Belgium,
in Turin on her arrival was welcomed at
the station by Prince Victor Napoleon
The princess proceeded to a hotel, where
the dowager ducheas of Aosta vlBlted her
It is stated that the marriage of Princess
Clementine and Prince Victor Napoleon will
take place shortly at Moncalleri castlii.
I where the chapel has already been pre'
pared. The ceremony will be of a private
character, aa the bride is ln mourning for
her father. '
Orphans' Chaplain a Snlclde.
Con 'Robbiano, chaplain of an orphan
boys' home, committed suicide Cy throwing
himself down from the top of Milan cathe
dral. The death was witnessed by the king
of Italy's . court chaplain, who happened
to look up from the royal palace opposite.
New Sonth Wales Plan Has Been
Tried for Years Wlthoat
r : . bad Results.
8YDNET, July l.-(Speclal Dlepatch to
The Bee.) The progressive land tax,
which Is the most Immediately important
item of the labor program, was clearly de
fined last year In the bill which 'Mr. Fish
er's government laid on the table of the
House before It was expelled from office.
The tax Is to be levied on the reasonable
market value of the land, "assuming that
the actual Improvements thereon had not
been made." This sounds highly theoret
ical, but the New South Wales land tax has
boen levied ln that fashion for many years,
and recent resumptions show that owners
did not suffer by It The tendency has a!
ways been to undervalue. Absentees (In
cluding extra-Australian companlea and
companies ln which more than two-fifths
or the snares are neki by absentees) pay
on the whole value; others on the value
less $15,000. The usual exemptions are made
in favor of land held for genuinely char
itable, religious of public purposes. The
taxpayer must make his own valuation,
which may be amended by a commissioner,
who has power to make also Independent
valuations or to use those made by any
atate authority. Tha taxpayer may appeal
to the high court against overvaluation
the commissioner may also appeal to th
high court for a declaration allowing Ui
commonwealth to resume at the owner1
valuation land wilfully' undervalued.
The tax is a first encumbrance and may
not be evaded. Mortgagers pay it; the
mortgagee Is not liable unless he has en
tered Into possession. Wilful understate
ments involves a fine of 500, plus treble tax
and estimates more than 25 per cent below
the finally ascertained value are deemed
Leaves Trail of Death aad Coasterna
tloa ia the Path of His
MADRID," July 10. (Special Dispatch to
The Bee. V At Canlllas de Aceltuno th
other day a man named Antonio Jlmenei
suddenly went mad and attacked people I
the street with a large knife. He killed a
old man, a woman carrying a child and
young girl, and he injured many others.
The greatest consternation prevailed and
people fled In every direction. He was not
overpowered tllf after a moat desperate
Board of Trado Flaarca Compiled I
Glasgow Make 3a teres! lag
GLASGOW, July 16. Oipeclal Dispatch
the Bee.) A board of trade return show
that during the five months ending .May
31, no fewer than 2S.6:I6 passengers left the
Clyde for places out of Euurope. - Of theae
14.401 were bound for the United States
and 15,066 for Canada, thirteen for. Aus
tralia, and sixty-six for other places. In
the month of May alone 4.603 left for Can
ada and 1837 for the United States.
French Military Aviators Take l'p
Guns Three Hundred aad
Tweatiy-FIre Feet.
PARIS. July II. (Special Dispatch to
The Bee.) Military aviators engaged In a
mimic aerial battle at Vlncennes. The
Blues, representing the attacking fores,
beat the Reds, tha defending force. Both
forces carried guns to a height of 1U0 lus
ters (about C6 fee
Absorption by Russia is Classed as
Trag-edy of High Pol
Russian Powers Seek Protection of
Whole Empire.
Small States Protest Against Loss of
averaor General Abolishes Ifatlve
Postage Stamps, Thus Wiping
Oat Individuality of the
Country. '
: i
ST. PETERSBURG. July 16.-(SDecial TMs-
patclto The Bee.) The absorption of Kin
land by ItUMia was one ot those tragedies
f hlsh ltolltics which was sad, but in
evitable. The best Interests of the empire
required the elimination of the ancient
rand duchy as a semi-independent entity.
The point Willi Russia Is that she considers
herself vulnerable at her Finnish frontier,
and wishes to bo In a position to tske what
measures she thinks best for the protec
tion of the Rusiian empire aa a whole.
But Russia ,hus rather spoilt her case In
the eyes of outsiders by practically follow
ing the lead of the wolf in the fable, who
accused the lamb of muddfing( the water.
For example, a great deal of excitement
was worked t p recently over the alleged
conspiracy of the Finns to smuggle arm!
into the country. The facts are these)
One or two Finnish firms tried to evade
the prohibition against the saloon guns.
and their guns were smuggled Into the coun
try together with a few million cartridge.
This was part of a great Finnish plot
against Russia, but tho millions of skins
of all animals exported every year from
Finland more than accounts,' 'to' an un
biassed person,, for the cartridges and
rifles Imported.
Part of Poller of Progress.
One other great point In favor of Rus
sia's action is the general tendency ln .
Europe towards the gradual swallowing up
of small states, but it Is not to be expected
that the email states will submit to lose
their individuality without a struggle. .'
This la particularly hard lines on an Is
tensely patriotic people like the Finns, and
they fought the ground inch by Inch aa they
have seen themselves being swallowed up
by Russia. i. . . '. .
kttnoe tbe present csar carne to tho throne
the Russian government haa been particu
larly determinod in its onslaughts, and In
18U9 they Sent to Finland as governor gen
eral Bobrlkof. aa implacable enemy of Fin
nish liberty. . : .. . y i
He was an overbearing officer who had
risen from the ranks, and be was so. cor
dially hated by the Finns that when h
took' a walk in the street any Finns who
saw him 'coming promptly crossed -to the
other side.' At another time he patronised
a concert gotten up for charitable pur
poses, and though the Finns bought up all
the tickets, not one of them attended. He
caused' the Finnish postage stamps to be
abolished, and ordered the use of Russian
stamps Instead. To meet this the Finns
Issued a "mourning stamp," all black, ex
cept the arm of Finland in red, and stuok
It on their' lettera beside the compulsory
Russian stamp. The Russian government
deprived the Finna of even thla amall satis
faction; the sale of the stamp waa forbid
den, and all lettera bearing it were de
stroyed. Boycott on a Senator. y
One of the Finnish senators who had sup
ported at Helalngfors, the Finnish capital.
By the indiscretion ot a porter he secured
rooms in one hotel. When the manager
discovered who his guest waa he asked
him to leave at once, but this the eenauor
refused to do. As a result, the public boy
cotted the hotel, and it waa practically
Several petitions and deputations were
sent to the ciar, but the deputations he
refused to see and the petitions' were Ig
nored. The crash came when a- young
man of good family and education assass
inated General Bobrlkof. . .
Even this terrible affair did not stag
Russia's hand and the Russlflcatlon haa
gone on more sternly than ever. During
the recent debate, opposition, realising that
they had no change for fair discussion,
withdrew from the Duma, leaving tha
government, a free hand. As a rosult
thirteen complicated classes were passed
In twelve minutes and the final reading
When the result waa declared one of the
mosle determined of the governments party
sprang to his feet. Shouting triumphantly:
"Finis Flnlandloe" "The finish of Fin
Once They Tried to Kill Each Ot
but Conditions Changed for
tho Better.
HAMBURG, July 10. (Special Dispatch tfc
the Bee. .Their marriage being opposed ktf
the girl's pa re n la, a Hamburg sailor an
his aweefheart determined to commit Idol
clde. The couple went to a field outslrfl
the city with two pistols and fired simul
taneously at one another, but only luo
ceuded In receiving slight wounds. The
lovers were arrested, tiled and acquitted,
but the publlo prosecutor niipealcd. Meun
whllo the lovers had overcome their rela
tives' objections, and married. The second
trial took place, and the couple were both
sent to gaol for attempted murder, snd In
consequence are spending their honeymoon
ln prison.
Mgr. Ann, falorn Has Undertaken a
Project at tho Pope's Ini
tiative. ANTWERP, July 111. (Special Dispatch
to the Bee.) Monslgnor Van Caloen, acting
In accordance with the wlshts of the pope,
has aocepu-d the offer of the Belgian gov
ernment, and has undertaken the task of
founding a Benedictine Abbey on the
high tablelands of the Katanga,