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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 28, 1910)
The, Omaha Daily Bee.
!'"rr N'obrnskr. Sliuwers in oast.
Kt-r low a Local sliowers.
Fur weather report seo Vino 2.
PAGES 1 TO 10.
OMAHA, SATURDAY MOKNIXO, MAY 2S, 1910-TWENTY PAGES.
SINHLK COPY TWO CENTS.
VOL. XXXIX NO. L!3.
; BALLINGEll CASE
Mr. Brandeii and Mr. Pepper Open for
the "Prosecution" and Mr. Ver
(j treei for the "Defense."
LATTER DENOUNCES NEWSPAPERS
Begins His Address by Charging Re
porters with Being Unfair.
THEN APPEALS TO COMMITTEE
Its Members Are Asked to Lay Aside
V Political Considerations.
SAYS SECRETARY UNSAFE MAN
Mr. Branriels Insists Balllnger t'nn-
not Be Depended t pun to
Carry- Oat Conservation
. . Policy.
Torn from Mud
Bed by Current
Wrecked Warship, with Its Twenty
Seven Dead, is Vagrant in Un
derwaters of Channel.
r to m
" Vf -
WASHINGTON. May 27. In opening his
argument before the Balllnger-Finchot In
vestigating committee. Attorney Vertrees,
counsel for Mr. Balllnger, today made a
scathing denunciation of the press for Its
' atltude toward this cane and said the only
commandment the newspaper men seemed
to obey was: j
' "Give us this day our dally bread."
' Mr. Olmsted Interrupted to Inquire what
commandment' that was and Mr. Vertrees
replied amid laughter:
' ' "The eleventh."
" Hpeaklng slowly and smiling on the Com
mittee, Mr. Vertrees, counsel for Secretary
. Ualllnger, then began his reply to counsel
on the other side of the case.
"I cannot but admire the sublimity of his
tilth," ho said, referring to the statements
made by Mr. Pepper. Thon, referring
to the remarks ot both Mr. Brandt-is and
W "One of these men told us what an Irres
olute and wishy-washy man Secretary Bal-
. linger was. That was the argument of Mr.
Drendels. Now the other gentleman, Mr.
Pepper, finds him a resolute man absolutely
dominating and, ' controlling every man
. around him. So you Bee the difficulty I
am In endeavoring to answer arguments
"What I shall say shall be addressed to
this table and not that one," Indicating
' first the committee table and then the
' , Roust for the Prvsa.
" ' "What the committee expects Is a knowl
edge of this case as It will be given them
through their chosen representative here
and not thosa arguments which reporters
catch for the purpoe of putting Into the
papers Xer the people to read," oontlnued
' Mr". Vertrees then proceeded to pay his
respects to the press.
"On the whole. It seems to me," he said,
"that they (the reporters) seem to be sub
ject to the criticism . that goes with the
Injustice which they may do to those
they assault and Impugn. I do not say
.that this so-callod press has risen like a
luminary in heaven. I rather believe that
they appeal to men'a prejudices rather
than to tho cultivation of their under
standing. ' .
"There Is one part of the Lord's com
mandments to which they seem to care
fully attend, "Qlve us this day our dally
bread1 they write that which gives them
their dally bread."
"May I Interrupt," interposed rtepresen
tatlve Olmstead, "to inquire which one of
t ten commandments that Ib?"
V 'looking down on the table abashed and
lllng In embarrassment. Mr. vertrees re-
sllent until the dylnk out of the
laughter called forth from specta
tors and members of the committee by the
question he cduld not answer. Te then r.a
, plied with a' smile:
Then appealing to the committee to put
aside every political consideration in the de
termination of the case against Mr. Bal
linger, Mr. Vertrees suggested that. at a
time like the present in such a case as
the committee was called on to decide, they
' should all be republicans and all democrats
Peoounchig the act or Mr. Balllnger's
c ft, Jentlal stenographer to whom he re
ferred, aa "This creature Kerby.'' In mak
lna publlo Information bearing on the
nranaratlnn nf the Lawler memorandum
Mr. Vertrees drew ha conclusion that
Ifetby having testified to no more than he
&!. after his long and confidential re-
latlon with Secretary Balllnger, really paid
. hiirh tribute to the character of Mr. Bal
Brandcla for Proscntlon.
' In summing up the case of the so-called
"nrosecutlon," Attorney Louis D. Bran-
dels, counsel for L. K. Ulavls, . declared
that It had been conclusively established
that Secretary Balllnger is not a man "so
gealoualy devoted to the Interests of the
common people, so vigilant and resolute in
resisting the Insidious aggregation of the
' special Intererts that he may be safely de-
pended cn to carry forward the broad policy
ttet conservation of our national resuurces.
!) "That he Is subject to far severer crlti
i cism we firmly believe," added Mr. Bran-
t Mr, Brandela spoke for about two hours,
reserving half an hour for olosing after
Attorney Vol trees had addressed the com
rnittee on behalf of Mi. Balllnger. vile re
(erred to Mr. Ulavls as the Ideal publlo
servant" and to Qlfford Plnchot as "a man
pt character so high aa to be even above
. the suspicion of self seeking."
Kerhy's Aet Defended.
He vigorously Oetendeo the action of
nographer Frederick M. Kerby In mak
public confidential Information of the
Interior departiuent bearing on the prepa
. ratio of the Lawler amendment and said
,-ta criticise Kerby for this action Involves
' a total misconception of the nature of our
.'; government. 'V
-t -rrta secretary of the Interior, the trustee
, fyrTtna people of the public domain should
have the ability to stand up against every
'. on and should be vigilant." declared Mr.
Brsndeis. "Would anyone think of dubbing
four present secretary "Stonewall" Bal
; JingerT instead or. Ming unswerving he
Ileitis to pressure, yields to not only in
tacts, but also In statement, be It written
f or spoken.
I "Thle Investigation has been referred to
. as a struggle for conservation, a struggle
against the special Interest. It it Chst, but
far more. In Its essence. It Is th
le for democracy, tbe struggle for
LONDON. May 27. The French sub
marine Pluvlose. with its crew of twenty
seven dead, Is tndny a vagrant In the
urdi-rwaters of the Kngllsh channel. For
hours the divers had struggled to prepare
tho way for the raising of the C0-ton
welglit. when the wounded war craft, under
the pressure of the swift lower current,
shook Itself free from Its mud moorings
and drifted away. Lato this afternoon It
had not been air;, In located.
CALAIS, France, May 27. Hope that any
of the twenty-seven men Imprisoned In the
French submarine Pluvlose, which was
sunk by the Pas De Calais off here yester
day, survive was all but abandoned this
Keporta made by the divers who, under
great difficulty, are attempting an exam
ination of the wreck indicate that the hull
of the submarine was crushed in the col'ls
lon. A flotilla of torpedo boats and dredges
with the force of divers worked vainly
throughout the night to raise the vessel
from Its bed 100 feet below the surface.
Strong currents Interfered greatly with the
operations and at noon today little had
The steamer Pas Do Calais sighted the
periscope of the Pluvlose some seventy fect
ahead and backed, but too late to avoid a
collision. The lookout, who first saw the
periscope, said today that he had never
seen such an instrument before, and mis
took It for a buoy. The report that the
Pluvlose was operating beneath the chan
nel steamer In furtherance of Its practice
in torpedoing passing vessels Is not gen
May Values Drop Three Early
in Day and Rally After Wild
LESSER LONGS ARE UNLOADING
Bulls Sell Their Holdings and Appar
ently Pocket Losses.
VIOLENCE SHOWN AT OPENING
in All of Erder's
This Statement is Made by Dean
Warren of Washington Med
Y'' amlllng li
I rnalned i
' poals of
ST. LOUIS, May 27. Dr. William II.
Warren, . dean of the medical department
of Washington university, took the wit
ness stand at noon today in the trial of
Mrs. Dora K. Doxey on the charge of
first degree murder and told how he
found enough arsenic In the organs of
William J. Erder to have caused death
There was arsenic In every organ, he said.
Mrs. Doxey listened unmoved to this
testimony which followed on the heels of
Dr. J. A. Uartman's statement that in
performing the autopsy he found no trace
of a disease which could have caused nat
ural death. '
Dr. Warren found 2.97 millograms of
arsenic trioxlde In, the brain, stomach, kid
neys, - liver - and Intestines. The organs
weighed 4,658 grains. Arsenic, Dr. Warren
testified, has never been found by him In
On cross-examination Dr. Warren said
Erder's organs were in fair shape. He
found no morphine, which Dr. Frledeberg
had testified he prescribed.
By a court ruling this afternodn Jeffer
son Fuller of Joy, 111., and Mrs. D. M.
Morris of Evanston, 111., father and sister
of Mrs. Doxey, were permitted to be In
the court room during the taking of the
testimony. They had been excluded be
cause they nre to testify.
Mrs. Grace Latham of Omaha, a sister
of the accused, will be here soon to com
fort Mrs. Doxey, Mrs. Morris said.
tniilJVaB against the overpowering
liifWtv'i the big politically as well as
tCcnllnued on Becoad. Pag.)
Pit Fairly Seethes, with Prices Vary
ing from One to Two.
MOTHER NATURE PLAYS TRUMP
This Is the Way Traders He for to
Dentins; RecrlTetl by Dnlln
Crop Xevrs largely a
CHICAGO, May 27. Wheat was demoral
ized again today. To yesterday's slump of
from 44 cents in September of 6 cents In
May the market at tho bottom today,
shortly before the close, showed extreme
losses of 24 cents In September to
cents In May. Tho close showed an average
rally from the- bottom of about l'i cents.
This was due largely to the fact that the
market was sold to a standstill.
The market was violent at the opening and
registered further declines during the first
hour and a half of trading. The pit falrlv
seethed. Prices of the same option varied
simultaneously In different parts of the
pit by a cent In September and a cent
and a half In May. May wheat, closing
last night at $1.05(1 1.064. fell to $1.03 as dis
couraged longs of lesser magnitude un
loaded and pocketed their losses. July and
pevtember were sold In Immense quanti
se an extent by foreigners. Septem
olng last night at 93 cents, dropped
ents, a loss since Wednesday of
July sold at 93 cents, as com
!i 95VA cents at the close yestcr
w of 6T cents In two days.
.mis nave Deen whipped by old
Mother Nature, as traders put It. Bulls
loaded up with wheat early In tho season,
when prospects as viewed by them looked
dubious for adequate world crops. But In
the United States the rains descended and
the sun shone to such purpose that the
gloom was lifted from apparently blighted
prospects. Europe predicted unusual crops,
and even far-away India took arms
against the bulls, with, prediction, of a
It Is almost axiomatic among speculators
that the . trader 'who cannot execute a
quick, right-about-face, in pace with shift
ing development, will not last long In
sny market- The big bulls In wheat seem
to hold to this rule, having lost time in
poiwt1(r out their holdings when nature
point the way.
Three of the Six Men Indicted with
Heike Change Pleas When
Prosecution Rests Case.
Only City that is in Control of the
Estrada Paction Surrounded by
WASHINGTON, May 27. The Madrix
forces have completely surrounded the city
of Bluefields, the last stronghold of the
Estrada faction In Nicaragua, according to
cablegram received at the Navy depart
ment today from Captain Qilmore of the
United States gunboat Paducah.
Session Which Brgsu Today In Phila
delphia Will Consider Sev
er el Blv Problems.
PHILADELPHIA, May Z7. Consideration
of the representative ministerial relief,
church publications and Sunday schools
took up most of today's sessions of the gen
eral assembly of the Un)ted Presbyterian
Church of North Amerloa, now meeting In
The various committees of the assembly
today are at work on the questions referred
to them yesterday. Among the more Im
portant of these are closer relation with
the other Presbyterian churches; the part
to be played by the church among the
working classes; revision of the book of
Psalms and a change in the book ot church
NEW YORK, May 27. Three of the de
fendants In the sugar underwelghting con
spiracy trial, pleaded guilty, their coun
sel, Henry li. Cochrane, announced today,
Shortly arter tne opening of the trial
today, when the prosecution announced
that it rested Its case, counsel for Walker,
Halllgan and Voelkcr withdrew their
former pleas of not guilty to all the
charges. Sentence was deferred. Court
was then adjourned until next Tuesday.
These three were fellow employes of the
four clfeckers convicted last winter for
complicity In the frauds on the Williams
burg docks of the American Sugar lie
fining company. All of them worked un
der Oliver Spitzer.
Counsel for the three men who had de
cided to give up tho fight, today withdrew
their plea of not guilty as soon as the
government after introducing some new
testimony answered that it closed It case,
Sentence Will be paased on them later.
Court was adjourned till Tuesday next,
Judge Martin denying formal motions for
the dismissal of the Indictments against
the remaining three defendants.
JESSE OVERSTREET IS DEAD
Former Chairman of House Commit
tee on I'ostof flees Dies at Ills
Home In Indiana.
INDIANAPOLIS, May 27.Jesse Over
street, who represented this, the Seventh
district of Indiana, in congress from 1S96 to
1908, died today at his home in this city
after a long Illness.
Mr. Overstreet was chairman of the com
mlttee on postofflces and post roads during
his service In congress and was the author
ot the gold standard law passed In 1900.
He then became a member of the national
monetary commission, lie was secretary
ot the republican campaign committee
from 1898 to 1904.
A sweeping democratic victory In this
Zx-.TLt. ttW MX&W
Nebraska Senator Throws Bomb Into
Senate When Vote on Railroad
Bill Was in Siftht.
and The Good it
'V V EXfl&CERATtD
RELATES TO STOCK OWNERSHIP
Will Take Tlace of Section Twelve,
Cause of Debate.
MEMBERS THROWN IN CONFUSION
Delay in Final Passage of Measure
Certain to Result.
BILL BETTER THAN PRESENT LAW
Honda, as Measure . on SIiiikIs, Can
not Heine Itntes Without I'er
lnlanlnn of Intemtnte Com- '
News Note: Mr. Bryan disclaims praise as an orator.
From the Washington Star. ' v - '
ERDMAN PLEADS SOT GUILTY
Charged by State with Assault
with Intent to Rail.
Unless these reports have been made on.oun'y two years ago retired Mr. Over-
Monday or Tuesday next the assembly will
consider only church matters ot a routine
street In favor of Charles A. Korbly.
Mr. Overstreet was born at Franklin,
Ind., December 14, 1800.
MORE EVIDENCE IS COMING IN
Offer . of Reward by Mr. Denntson
Brlnars In More Witnesses Who '
Claim to Know of tbe
Frank Erdman, the man held on sus
picion of having placed the Infernal ma
chine on Tom Dcnnlson's porch, was ar
raigned on a charge of assault with In
tent to kill before Judge Crawford Fri
day morning. Erdman pieaded "not guilty"
and said he was willing to face a - pre
liminary, hearing next Friday.
The charge against Krdman carries with
It a penalty of from two to fifteen years
If convicted. Captain Savage signed as
complaining witness against the prisoner.
Deputy Circuit Attorney Plattl' acted as
Erdman was subjected to an Inquisition
for a half hour Friday morning, through
which ho maintained a complete denial of
guilt The prisoner advanced an alibi con
cerning his movements during the time the
dynamite bomb Is supposed to have been
placed on the Denntson porch.
Ho declared lie was at the Calumet res
taurant from 12 o'clock to 1 o'clock Sun
day afternoon, and was In his room from
o'clock to 6 o'clock Sunday afternoon,
on tho day the attempt at dynamiting was
Acting Chief Mostyn was furnished with
considerable more evidence Friday that
Erdman had known Tom Dennison and
had threatened his life. C. M. Valentino
a lawyer and dealer in lana at unaaron,
Neb., visited the captain and recounted In
terviews he had with Krdman at Chadron,
in which the suspect freely announced his
intention of returning to Omaha and kill
ing Dennison. The threats were ' made
about five weeks ago, according to Mr.
Captain Mostyn also said that five per
sons have been found who say they can
recognize Erdman's Bultcase and revolver
and will call at the station Friday night
or Saturday and Inspect the Instruments
which made up the infernal machine of
which Erdman is thought the maker. Cap
tain Mostyn stated the witnesses are resi
dents of Crawford, Neb., but declined to
mention thc-lr names.
The acting chief declared there Is a
grist of information coming in daily against
Erdman and that it was Ills opinion the
evidence would prove to be of a direct and
damning nature, and not circumstantial, as
has been thoug'it.
"The public is aroused over the dyna
mlta affair." said Captain Mostyn, "and
dozatis of persons have volunteered to fur
nish) various sorts of information against
the man who Is thought to have sought
Three women living in the vicinity of
the Dennison home appeared at the police
station and positively Identified Erdman as
a man seen lurking about tbe house on
World's Record for
by South Carolina
Crew of Forward Turret Scores Six-
teen Bullseyes'in Sixteen . Shots
Fired Within Fire Minutes. .
NORFOLK, Va.. May' 27, A new world's
record for blg'gUns shooting, which Inci
dentally emphasises the superiority of
United States naval marksmenshlp, has
ust been made by the new battleship
Mouth Carolina. With Its forward turret
twelve-Inch guns It made sixteen "bnll's-eye
target hits out of -sixteen shots In four min
utes and fifty-one seconds. - -
OMAHA THE BUTTER TOWN
Chicago Commission Men Peevish Be
cause Packers Buy Direct.
BUYING NOW FOR' STORAGE
David Cole Pays that Parkers Hn-re
Cat Oat tne"Comnilslon Men,
to the Advantage of tha
Nebraskan Addresses State Law Offi
cers on Rates and Powers of -Railroad
ST. PAUL, Minn., May 27.-Elect!on of
officers and selection of the next conven
tlon city and report of the committee on
resolutions were the most-Important mat
ters to come before the national assembly
of attorneys general today. ' -
In his talk on the federal railroad bill,
Charles West, attorney general of Okla
homa, made an attack on -some of Its .pro
visions. Talking of the-proposed amend
ment eliminating a olause which, might
take from the state railway commissions
all their power, he eaid It was1 '"revolu
tionary, Ul-advlsed and Infernal. Not only
that, It Is dangerous both to the railroads
ami to those who propose It."
W T. .Thompson, attorney general of
Nebraska,. In discussing railroad rate mak
ing this afternoon, spoke In behalf of con
sumers as well as of, the railroads, the
business men and shippers. .
"Most of the rates," he. said, "especi
ally Interstate rates, would appear to have
been artfully ingrafted on us by. gentle
manly . rate makers behind guns and
mdsks. The rate question from the con
sumers' standpoint Is really the vital ques
tion .which demands investigation."
Disappointed Chicago commission men
and the lots of dominating power by the
Elgin board are held by Omaha butter men
to be the actuating causes of the declara
tion, of war which E. L, McAdam, as leader,
has declared against the packers who are
buying the butter output here.
"We are selling our butter direct to the
packers," said David Cole, referring to the
Chicago fuss. -"Heretofore the packers
bought their butter through the Chicago
commission dealers In large quantities and
now these dealers have lost the business."
Mr. Cole did not apparently attach any
great signlfjcance to the declaration of
McAdams that they would force the price
of butter to 1 a pound and drive the pack
ers out of the butter business.
"Tho packers are buying our butter and
that Is all there is too It," said the Omaha
creamery man. "I don't know what Elgin
is going to do about it at the meeting to
be held Saturday." '
The move on the part of tho Omaha but
ter men in selling direct to tho packers Is
in line with Mr. Cole's position announced
some weeks ago, when lie Insisted thut
thero was no reason why Omaha should
not bo the one great butter market.
Butter is now being stored by the pack
ers. They are paying an average price of
28 cents a pound, about 2 cents higher than
at this tlmo last year. According to the
dealers here the packers aro baying in
relatively tho same quantities thut they
have for the. last two years.
NEW YORK SYNOD EXONERATED
Presbyterlnn Assembly Takes Action
on the So-Called Black
ATLANTIC CITY. May 27.-The Presby
terian general assembly today practically
exonerated the New York synod in tho
Black heresy case. The report of the Judi
cial committee was a compromise.
-Raise -in 'Rates
Congressmen from States in Middle
West Are Being Flooded with
' WASHINGTON, May 27.-A flood of tele
grams reached the house- today protesting
against the proposed Increase In railroad
rates which have, been announced to be
come effective on June1 1. Nearly every
member 'from Iowa,. Minnesota, - Nebraska,
Kansas and other states In the middle
west was told In - the dispatches that the
proposed Increase would prove a great
hardship to consumers' by ridding to the
cost of living and that business would be
seriously Injured. t
Wife Dreams of Burglars,
Waking, Finds it All True
Standing over the bed of his Intended I from the room ot Benjamin,
victims, throwing a flashlight all about I he departed t rom the house.
a son, when
them, a burglar passea as a spiru in iiu
home of Jacob Milder, 1107 Davenport
street. Thursday night.
"Wake up, Jacob." whispered Mrs.
Milder, aa ah nudgtd her sleeping hus
band and Stared at the apparition.
"There's a burglar In the house." 1
Eh-ah. what's the matter burglars"
yawned Mr. Milder. "Ah, go to sleep;
The burglar took the hint in ample time
and vanished from the room. Spirit,
burglar or friend of evil whatever the
midnight visitant was he got away with
soma sniaU change and a fountain, pen
"There was a burglar in my room last
night," remarked Benjamin when he came
to tbe breakfast table. "He got all the
money I had In my pockets and a foun
tain pen and broke my bureau glass. Must
have come In through the window."
"Now, Jacob, what do you say now?'
Mrs. Milder said reproachfully. "That
burglar was standing right by the bed and
you could have caught him easy."
Mr. Milder was confronted by an over
whelming Hue ot evklenre from both his
wlte and son and he finally admitted his
discernment of a spirit had been faulty
I didn't want til in, anyway," be said, at
Danish Cabinet Reilgni,
COPENHAGEN. May 27.-The resigna
tion of the cabinet, whose policy of defense
failed to receive support in the recent
election was placed before King Frederick
by ITemier Zahle today. His majesty
asked the ministers to continue their du
ties pending the selection of their successors.
From 7:30 A. M.
to 7:30 P. M. to
day, is time to get
your want ad in to
Don't hesitate. '
Phone Douglas 238, if you
can't come to the office, and
it will be takeu care of. ,
President Taft Resents
Criticism of Democrats
WASHINGTON. May 27.-Presldent Taft (
today sent to Chairman Tawney of the
house committee on appropriations a letter
expressing deep resentment at the criti
cism passed by democrats In the house
debate yesterday on the traveling expenses
of the president.
The president Bays he Is especially dis
tressed by "suggested reflection on south
ern hospitality." -The
president's letter follows:'
THE WHITE HOUSE, WASHINGTON,
May -t7. My Dear Mr. Tawney: I am
deeply grieved over the phase which the
discussion ot appropriation for the traveling
expenses of the president took yesterday.
I think It Is a legitimate argument In favor
of such an appropriation that congressmen
and many others press the acceptance of
Invitations to visit their, section and dis
tricts, because the urgency ot such requests
Indicates the opinion on the part of the
people, that one of the duties of the presi
dent la to visit the people In their homes.
. "But the Intimation or i suggestion that
the acceptance by congressmen of the
president's Invitation to travel on the train
with him In their respective districts or
state ww a reason why. Uiey should not
vote thcl free opinion on the Question r
ucn an appropriation Is to me a most tialn.
"In. traveling on the train they wero not
receiving my hospitality they were nniv
making a little more elaborate the cordial
welcome which they as representatives of
ineir- Districts wished to give.
"The feature of the discussion yesterday
which was especially distressful to me wn.
a suggested reflection on southern hospl-
. .no iiiuuiKuun inai somewhere In
the south board was charged has no foun
dation In fact, and I never heard it Inti
mated until I saw It In this morning-s
"Xn all my experiences, and I have en
Joyed the hospitality of many sections and
countries of the world, I never hsd B more
cordial, generous, open and lavish wel
come than I had In the southern states
during my trip and the slightest hint that
puts me In he attitude of a critio of that
hospitality gives me great pain.
' "I am going to take the liberty of mak
ing this letter to you public.' Very sin
cerely yours, . "WILLIAM H. TAFT."
"Hon. James A. Tawuey, House ot Hep.
(From n Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. May :?. (Special TeI--grnm.l-Just
when the final voto on tho
railroad bill seemed Imminent and when
the clouds had shown a rift of sunlight
and wlu-n everybody Mc-mlngly thought tho
long debate wns at rn end, Senator Brown
of Nebraska presented an amendment to
take the pluco of section 12 of the bill, and
which now threatens to continue the debate
for an indefinite period. Mr. Drown of
fered his amendment almost at the closu
of the day'B proceedings and which so
Jul red the annate that it decided to adjourn
In order to look nt It in cold type.
Senator Brown's amendment Is ia follows:
"That no railroad corporation which Is a
comtm-n carrier, sublect to the law to
regulate commerce approved February 4,
1SS7, as amended, shall heiaftc-r ucqulre
dliectly or Indirectly any. Interest of what
soever kind In the capital stock or pur
chase or lease a rallio.id of any railrpud
coiporatlon owning or operating a Hue ot
railroad which Is directly and mibstantinlly
competitive with such f.r."t named corpora
tion to which such acts to regulate com
merce applies, and any uch corporation
which acquires any interest in the capital
stock, or twhleh purchases or leas' s a railroad-
contrary to this section or which
holds or retains any Interest In the capital
slock or in a railroad her after acquired in
violation of this section shall he fined
ST.,000 for each day or part of day durlmf
which it holds or retains such Interest un
Senator Brown's amendment, which was
offered as' a clarifying' proposition to the
other section of the bill, plunged the senate
In confusion. An adjournment was the only
way out of the seeming difficulty. It cama
like a thunder clap from a clear sky,
wholly unexpected, yet, at the same time,
with the weight of President Taft behind It,
for as Senator Brown said to The Bee
correspondent, , the amendment Was sub
stantially In the terms of the president and
that President Taft regarded the amend
ment bb essential In order that the bill
might be perfect as -possible In all its parts.
Measure Mten Forward.
The bill as It stands today If nothing else
Is added to It, Is a tremendous stop for
ward in the regulation of the railroads and
not only railroads, but telcKi-uplift and tele
phones within the purview of tho law. It
also provided for the atj :. . ..ciu ot the
long and short haul featim- 'A t no wparl
somc debato Is nunc tli.i.i co up n:iatod for
with this feature uddid to the hill.
Under the amendment of the senate, rail
roads can not ral:e i.uej without permis
sion of the Intery'.u.c Commerce commis
sion, and that body h.ia , lev.-n months in
which to decide l lie ensc. I'jider the exist
ing laws railroads can notify the Interstato
Commerce commission Hicy will raiso rates
at a certain fixed time and rates will bo
raised bccatiso the Interstate Commerco
commission" has i:ot the power to prohibit
All this la corrected under tho present
bill, and wit ha long and short haul clause,
prohibiting railroads to raise rates and with
telegraphs and telephones placed under the
operation of tho law, the country will wake
up lomo morning and find the railroad' rate
bill passed which will demonstrate that
President Taft Is working out his campaign
of remedial leg'islatlon In a most effective
Senator Cummins, when ho camo. off tho
floor lato this afternoon .was "all In" over
Konator Brown's amendment, and he could
say nothing except to predict an Indefinite
period of debate on the amendment.
More conservative members of the senate,
however, believe that n vote can be had on
th bill certainly by tho middle of next v.ek.
polllver Amendment llrnirn.
The Dolllver an-.endment to the railroad
bill, to provide for federal regulation of tho
issuanco of railroad ccurltlcs so as to pre
vent overcapitalization was defeated in
the senate today nine teen to forty sevon.
As noon as tho railroad bill was taken
up today Senator Dolllver formally pre
sented his amendment designed to take
the place of the capitalisation sections
which wero eliminated yesterday. His pro
vision related entirely to the question of
tho Issuance of stocks and bonds and cov
ered ten printed pages.
. Tho . especial object, of the amendment
was to place such restrictions on tho Is
suance of securities as would prevent
This amendment embodied the views of
the insurgents and while they had no hope
of getting favorable action, they mani
fested much Interest In the proceeding.
They wanted to place "people on record."
Senator Dolllver took the floor to ex
plain his provision.
An amendment to the railroad bill ; In
troduced ty Bunator l Kollette to put
telegraph, telephone and cabio companies
except wireless, under the Interstate com
merce act was adopted by the senate with
out a roll iw'l
Job for Mluiirtvla Man.
WASHINGTON, May 27.-Presldent Taft
today appointed his secretary, Fred Warner
Carpenter of Bauk-Ceriter, Minn., as min
ister to Morocco to succeed 11. Perclval
Dodge. It is likely that the president will
appoint Itudolph Forester, present assist
ant secietary to succeed Carpenter.
.ouiiue t.uns hrst to Henatc.
WASHINGTON, May 17. President Taft
today sent to the senate nominations In
cluding the following:
United States Judges I-.'astern Texas,
Gordon ItusHell; Culled Slates attoi-ivy,
Minnesota district. Charles C. Houpt: re
ceiver of public moneys, Ulonwood Springs,
Cola, William B. Wallace.
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