Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 06, 1910, Image 1

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    The Omaha Daily
The Bee aims to print a paper
that appeal to intelligence;
not to an appetite fur scandal
and sensations.
For Nebraska-- Show it.
I'nr Iowa Shower.
For west her report ace pace 5.
VOL. X..lX-NO. jt;.
WATERWAY 151LL Danville Miners
CAUSES ANXIETY i Drive Workmen
' Forty-Five Republican Members Join J
Ie asure Incites Fear AmoRs Senators
. Who Have Appropriations for
Their Districts.
from the Pits
I Colonel Roosevelt Suggests Interna
tional Agreement to Check
Growth cf Armaments.
1 in Movement to Formulate fiew
Three Hundred Men March on Shaft
and Force Men to Quit Work
Short Fight at Kellyville.
Legislative PropTam.
Believe Action Hinges Somewhat on
Railroad Legislation.
l.Ai Would Justify Veto, Assert Some
at Washington.
Senator llorkrll Introduces Mrurr
Providing; fur Improvements -
.llrCunk, Wjmnrf, Alliance
lid llriihrti How.
I i From a Staff Correspondent.
WASHINGTON. May B. (Special Tcle-
-MembMS of congress who lime ap-
for their dlmricts pending in I
" !
il, a nvfr and harbor bill aie worried
They hia- time and again that Picshlent j
Taft will not sign the bill unless the rail
road bill also is cmicted In pome shape
satisfactory to the administration, i
The fact that this piesi.Unt opposed an j
Appropriation bill for river and harbors
at this consuls on the wound of economy
la recalled. It would be an ea;;y matter
for tlio president, according to the view
of mmibers of t-oiigreJsi to Justify the veto
of the rivers and harbors bill on the ground
thut economy demanded it.
From what tan be gathered at this time
It appears that the conferees are willing
to agree upon $0.ooi,fiO as a maximum
total for waterways this ar. Instead of
the $52,000,090 carried by the bill as it
passed the senate. Members interested in
the rivers and harbors bill are uneasy over
the prospect of obtaining executive ap
proval of the bill. The recent develop
ments in the railroad legislation program
have not served to allay their fears.
There is hope iimonit friends of water
ways that the president may see political
phase of the waterways bill. Supporters
of the measure say it would be an unneces
sary handicap for the republican party to
so before the people In the fall election
with a record of bavins: defeated it. They
my the party would undoubtedly be pun
ished for such action. Members of the sen
ate committee on commerce do not expect
Senator ISurton, who mad the minority re
port, to press hi objections to the bill be
fore the ptvsldent.
Senator Iinrkrtt Active.
Senator Uiirkett today Introduced the fol
lowing hills: For erection of public build
ing at McCoik. $l.m; for pun-base of site
for public butetliiig at Wymore. $10,000; for
purchase of site and erection of public
illdln; at Alliance. $!S5.O0O; for purchase
of alte and erertlnn -at public tvtitMIng at
ltiokken How, S1.TS.OU0.' :
Senator Crawford today secured passage
through the senate of his bill Increasing
the cost of tli public building at Huron,
S. I to S1W.0IW.
Tiie senate has confirmed the nomination
of John A. Hays, to be postmaster at Nor
folk, ami William K. Morgan at Greeley. M. Limb of Lancaster county, Ne
braska, Is appointed scientific assistant In
the forest service.
Tin, secretary of Interior bus affirmed
decision of the commissioner of land traffic
in appeal of Charles Pec, dismissing his
contest agstmt the homestead entry of
Henry K. Mct'lemenl In Onelll land dis
trict. Similar action was taken In the
casu of Emma J. Dickinson in the same
The application of F. A. Met.'oi nack, C.
IX .Young. J- t'ohurn, J. C.'Noruce and
W. 'T. tlraham, to organize the First Na
tional bank of Laurel. Neb., with $to.0uo
capital has been approved by the comp
troller of currency.
ltnral cai tiers appointed:
Nebraska-Kiemont. Route 1. William J.
J'almer, carrier: John II. Seaton. substi
tute. SeottB Hluff. Itoute 1, llattie M. Von
f ui ell, earl ier; no substitute.
Iowa West Side Route , Krnest Siegner,
Cai rlt r; Miianlus Ki aeht, substitute
Momn i.aKoia-M-nngion. imute u, Mias
It. Bennett, carrier; no substitute.
Ve-tmasteis appointed- !
A.,vn-t-roion. countv. Winfield Scott.
uU A. Harlan, ictonocd. '
sVtjth liakotn Canning Hughes county,
Moaoii L. Sum o, vice U . s. Nye, resigned.
Uitora at t .:.itl.
No-rman T. Mason o leadwo.. l. S. D ,
partner of K. pi esemaiivo Martin, is
Washington enrouie to N.-w York.
V'dge George Carson of Council Bluffs. !
la., i Vi3so:ngton. ,
I.- T. Peterson was endorsed by Sen-
ators Brown and BurUett for postmaster at j iosriON. May t. King Edward Is suf
Sheltorr. Neb., vice 1'. H. Iteed. who has I fering from a severe bronchial attack. His
d.'cllned to b? a candidate for another ! ,naje!,ty has been ccnflned to hi room for
i two davs and today his condition wis such
Judge Walter I. Smith of the Ninth Iowa ,nat he was llot abe 1o B0 t0 the railway
cong.esslonal district will leave for Council stati0 to met Qvl,en Alexandra, who re
Bluffs next week to remain until after the I ll.riP,, ,nU afi,.rnoon from til.- continent.
iuo ,.,..!,., v.. ... ....... n.s presence l an-
huiuieiy ueeoen in i usoington. juoge mIlll
Is receiving encouraging news from his dis-
ii ici, out oci.eve mfli u lour over uie same
will help matters considerably.
In-Mnil Itlll ''a -.
Congressman M iguiic"s bill providing that
li'olan lunds m ar FalU City, In It chai dson
nH'iity. Nt biasku. be Included In the Ne- I
it, aha river drainage Improvement now be- j
ing made, parsed the house today. The im- ,
liMitriucnt work is lii.u in oi-ocesv b it I
until the Indian lands along the river were
included, permitting thin Improvement and
astersmtnt, the whole work was In danger
of delay
The improvements ,-tre u'o of advant:ti;c
to the who desired to be ineliule.l.
rut this coul I be don" only bv act of con-
K!C?. Th" m ,i.niil t .I-, nuur.ui.,n,.td .
assessment to
be made not to exceed $i..Vj per acre on j ouch other bodies of water as aie fre
Indian lands and to be paid from JPW.OiW 1 iiuenl' d or s ipio-ed to be f rooiieiued bv
f tribal money
aC :rasury.
now in
the United States
Mfll l-:rect rw Home Creamery
' I'nny nnd tit'd tor-
aae Wnrrhme.
, Pavid Cole Is pterin lug to t-io-t a new
"Ikht-sUiry cold stol.uie boll. lieu ii tl,
orner of Tenth and Howard 1 reel.
- - - .,.. i.u.ii. i. uo li
ra on tlio lot lias already begun. Th
,v building will be used In connection
th the David .Cole Cit-uinrry company for
id storage pui poses. The propcrlv was
mvhascd to -ais ago. at which time
i - ....i.. u..t ii.,.. i,., ...... ... . .. ...
, : , v v t U , u yu. uy . new
t Vitldintf to VM
lANVILMv lil.. May S Three hundred
miners if this city marched on the South
Westville coul mines today, declaring they
w ould drive out the men who had rrtiirned
to work pending an agreement between the
strikers anil tlvir employer. A riot If
lit -catcm-d. Many families In the district
' tn I ." .tapeilit- hprailRA of the
shutdown or the mines.
The sheriff organized a posso to start
Immediately for the scene of the trouble.
! The mines of South Wentville are cisht
mi'- couth of this city, on the Chicago &
-? rn Illinois railroad.
f. re the posse had started a t"l phon ,
brought the news that the miners :
ft. 1; at South Westville had flrj from
C on the approach of the mob.
yvllle there was n short but
V fc Inv!
fired and no one seriously i
Invading miners then moved on I
lion mines, two miles youth o'
; Sunt. , i llle. i
j, - ,1
Bic avfor Knights !
of Columbus
Mitchell Lodgpe Will Initiate Class of
Seventy-Five Preparatory to
Grand Lodge Meeting.
MITVHKI.U S. !.. May 5. (Special.)
Next Sunday will be an Important day In )
Knights of Columbus lodge circles of thtsj
city, when an initiation of seventy-five can
didates will take place. Hans are being
laid to entertain fully 7) representatives
of the order, coming from Huron, Water
town, Sioux Falls. Aberdeen, Iead and
many of the smaller surrounding towns
where members of the heal lodge live. In
the morning the delegates will march in a
body to the Holy Family church to attend
mass, for which a special program has been
arranged. Bishop O'Gorman has notified
the loral lodge that he will be present and
will deliver the address at the morning
The Initiation ceremony will take place
In the afternoon, when the seventy-five
candidates, will be put through the paces. ;
With thla addition the local lodge will have 1
membership of .150, making it one of the
largest lodges In the state. At the conclu
sion of the Initiation a banquet will be
served In the city hall and plates will be
laid for 350 knights. The banquet will be
served by the Catholic women, and follow
ing the banquet a number of toasts will be
On the Monday following occurs the
grand lodge session of the Knights of Co
lumbus, with the six lodges represented
with delegates. It Is likely that a large
number of deiegats Till remain oyer to the
convention. The following are the officers
of the Knights' grand lodge: State deputy,
L. J. Welch, Mitchell: past state deputy,
John Bowler, Sioux Falls; secretary, P.
H. Guhln, Aberdeen; treasurer. Thomas
Foley, Waterfown; advocate, Thomas Har
vey, Lead; warden, M. K. Haiker, Sioux
Falle: district deputies, L. W. Grant. Sioux
Falls; M. L. Tohln. Huron; J. J. Morrow,
Lead. The convention will last Monday
and a part of Tuesday.
Omaha Strike
Breakers at St. Joe
Officers of Carmen's Union Say Num
ber of Men Have Been Imported
from the Gate City.
ST. JOSEPH. May 5. tSpecial Telegram.)
Officials of the street car men's union
say the local traction company lits a num
ber of strike breakers from Omaha here
under sixty day contract. There will be a
conference at 3 p. m. on the demands of the
union for a closed shop and other con"cs-
... .
General Manager Van Brunt haa
""';-. .... oru.u ,m. e-
,i,-al,y S!l,d be refused.
1" tnat event the carmen may strike to-
night, but it is believed they will wait the
advlce from nntional headquarters.
' 'I
,. j
m. Majesty la Confined to His lloom
,h a letere Bronrhial
Attack. I
A builetj ,sued ,t 7;;0 to Ight sayg
"Tvinir I-Mward has brona':ltI '. Thi ten -
t,uhm of maJe,ty caus.s Ml anxiety."
I '
'Boys Demand
Play Hookey to Go FishiiV
j "Each male pupil of seven 7) years of
age or over shall be perriiltted to absent
himself from echool two (2) days In each
. school month during the season In which
the same laws. In such casts made and
i provided, shall permit fishing In lakes, 1
A ..i.rk rlt.r. !-.., i.,l'
I ponds, creeks, rlters, kireamu, lugoons and
J fii-ii. Said days i f absence thai! be chosen
. .
at ibe volition of the absentees and with-
out previous knowledge or Mibseou- nt ex -
i life to Ini-tructijt-s. teachirs m- principals,
', It Is the intent of this enai'tmrnt that
I i ecogiui ion ve Kuru .u ii. w nun rein rigois
i cf the small boy In the pursuit of happiness
! as guaranteed to lilui under the eonm.tu-
t lion of the l lim a Males or America.
In their words of formal declaration the
school board of Fater-son, N. J, hus . top of hs roomy dii-k. kicked the waste
ltyalixed "hookey" in the publ.e hoo:s. J basket and Mrndc out.
To gain obedie.tce they have bent the law I "It's de go.ids." promptly replied Atneli
to those whom It will govern. The move- cus Oxorktwltx. aged . son of a s in Iter
merit has attained already more than a; laborer. "If wes ran get It tru here 1 can
localised significant e. Omaha s.-hool Im at de oi' man. Have to tend the kids
authorities are confronted with the neees- Saturdays, never get day off. now."
slty of making a d-clslon aad an answer; Ameliei: lhr down in the bottoms and
to the email boy. He must be heard, now. I he knows where the bullheads blt the
Superintendent Davidson was in a wiatb-JbesU
President Expected to Get Busy When
He Returns Today.
Two More Men, Whose Names Are
Withheld, Are in Line.
llrunn, Ilornli, nonrne,
Crawford, Dixon, ;nnillc and
Nelson Mnlit to He Men Prrsl
drnt Will Reason With.
WASHINGTON'. May 5 Forty-five en
ators, all from the conservative or "reg
ular" wing of the membership, are s.iil
to have ioined In the movement to foi -mulate
R new administration legislathi
program. Two more are claimed posi
tively, but the. regular republican leaders
say they d in t care to subject these men
to embarrassment by disclosing their
name at this time.
The new organization, which has begin
vesU rdav, w i.s made by the c msci vative
i republicans in the effort to maintain con
jtrol of the senate majority. Mutual con
cessions already have been made. Much
nf President Taft !
in harmonizing differences that may arlr
The president will be back in Washington
tomorrow. If he is willing to wlng the
"blK stick." as the regular republicans say
he is. the claims of the rceular organi
zation appear to be Justified. The wo:k
of the organization In lining up senate
members proceeded today with the under
standing the senate would adjourn
until Monday.
l.lst of tonfrtlfi.
The forty-five republican conservatives
who have undertaken to stand together to
establish a firm control of the senate pro
ceedings and put through what remains of
the, administration, are ;s follows:
n. I linger,
M "umber.
Smith, (Mich.),
Clark (Wo.)
( urtli.
lie pew.
As utterly Impossible for the conserva
tive to reach, the regulars have classed
Beveridge. Bristow, Clapp, Cummins, Uol
liver ami La Follette.
The men on whom the regular republicans
are still -working and who will receive, the
attention of President Taft Include; Borah,
Bourne. Brown, Burke: t, Crawford, Dixon,
Gamble and Nelson. All of these men. have
voted with the insurgents from time to
time. They have refused, however, to be
called Insurgents, and have been found In
the ranks of the regulars at least half of
the time.
Dixon and liornb.
It was reported today, although no con
firmation of the report could be obtained,
that Senator liixon would vote with the
regulars as soon as the long and short haul
amendment to the railroad bill waa disposed
of. Senator Borah, It was stated, would
also Join In the lineup for the Taft pro
gram, provided he were given assurance of
support for his bill providing for the Issu
ance of $30.O0C.O00 in certificates of indebted
ness to provide money to complete reclama
tion projects. Senators Bourne and Nelson,
It Is said, will be found In the conservative
ranks If the new legislative program takes
cognizance of certain measures favored by
The purpose of the regular republicans is
to get a majority of the senate so that the
charge cannot be made that they formed a
' coalition with the democrats to pit through
. party measures. At the same time they
' claim they can count on certain democratic
votes when needed
rrr.l.Jcnt Keadr to Act.
CINCINNATI. May 5.-Presldent Taft
passed through here this afternoon on his
nay back to Washington. He 1s due In the
capital early tomorrow morning.
Mr. Taft has been in touch with the sltu-
atlon. The president may adopt the policy
announced at the senate conference presided
over by Senator Aldrlch. In fact, he Is said
:o feel that he has been patient quite long
enouurh In listeninir to rjromises of Insurgent
support In the senate only to find the "In
surgent knife out" for much of the legisla
tion he has proposed as a compliance with
party platform pledges.
Mr. Taft Is contemplating making a
speech at Passaic. N. J., next Monday
evening If hi finds the situation In Wash
ington what he thinks It to be that will
: I disclose to the country a number of facts
land incidents thst the rhief ,v.f.itli .
' heretofore kept to himself.
Right to
fill mood over the matter when a prying
person Invaded his for an expression
of opinion.
"1 absolutely will not le quoted on the
matter." he declared. "In fact, you can
say for me tiiat New Jersey u the home
' of corporations which are already In the
courts. It Is almost a commercial axiom
that nothing good i an i ome out of New
J. rey but mosquitoes and Instruments ...r
( the aggrandisement o predatory wealth,
j "This step means hut a further step
i by the fishing tackle trust. I shall resent
! any effort to extend the campaign for the
, ue.noi mi.kiuiou oi uie schools tilth a
! plaint to the
mission. It is
Interstate Commerce coni
a dilation of the Sherman
: aci.
I Whereat the supe-ritit ndent slammed tile
From the Washington Herald.
Mr. Ballinger Thus Characterizes
statement cy m. Garfield.
He I liar thai Letter Written to
I'reslaVat Taft Doe ut Square
with Kurt and the
Hero ret .
WASHINGTON. May 5.-"lt was not a
fair or truthful statement." exclaimed Sec
retary Ballingej- during thy Ballinger
Plnchot investigation today, referring to a
sentence In former Secretary Garfield's
letter to the president last Noevmber, j
which read:
"Ha t Ballinger) directed the reclama-,
Ion service to prepare lists . for restoring
the withdrawn lands," Ou"-.; dc9t -slowly
in order not to attract psbftcv attention."
Mr. Ballinger aal'd that whila he had no
desire to reflect tin the previous adminis
tration, which had .withdrawn the lands
unlawfully, he believed he had Issued no
such ordef and that all th lands actually
had been restored within a period of three
Another Statement DUpeted.
Another statement In the same letter was
disputed by Mr. Ballinger. Near the end
of his letter Mr. Garfield said the plan
of the reclamation service for the Issuance
of co-operative certificates had been ap
proved by the senate committee on irriga
tion. Mr. Ballinger read an affidavit from
the secretary ot that committee to the
effect that he had fa.hd to find anv such
appioval In the lecorus of t..u
for the last seven years.
As the reason for his having withdrawn
power sites he had, previously restored, Mr.
Ballinger said he feared they might be
taken up pending action by congress, giving
the president the power to withdraw them.
He admitted that he had no more legal au
thority for his action than had Mr. Gar
field. Mr. ' Ballinger contradicted two state
ments made by Secretary Garfield in his
letter of November 6. 1909, to President
Taft. In that letter, which is in evidence,
Mr. Garfield said that the co-operative
certificate plan of the reclamation service
had been approved by the senate commit
tee on irrigation and Mr. Ballinger read a
certificate from the secretary of that com
mittee, stating that a careful search of
the minutes of the commltee since 1903 had
tailed to show any reference to the cj-op- !
eratlfe certificates plan.
Question tlinol Reclamation. j
For more than an hour the commi toj
questioned Mr. Ballinger about the me. hod i
pursued in tntering on new r. cla ratio.i
projects. It was brought out that n-.any of
the states had not had their cqul.abl
share of these projects.
Senator Flint rough! to ascertain who
was responsible, for this condition. Th;
witness admitted that probably former
Secretary Hitchcock, under whose adnrnis
tration most of the existing projects we-e
Initiated, was responsible and not Dhector
Newell of the reclamation service. Mr.
Davis was at that tin - chief engine r of
the service.
A long discussion among members ot the
i Committee ensued as to the feasibility of
jvatlous reclamation projects. Mr. Flint
wanted to know if It were not a fact that
Do you want a
second girl?
Second girls employed through
Dee want ads are invariably good
They know what work is they
can do lots of it.
They read The Bee the good
ones they answer the advertise
ments of housewives.
Jf you need ono, 'phone
J)ouglas JoS and tlio nl taker
will write your ad aurl tell you
what it will cost to run it two
or three times.
That's ahout all that is re
quired. V
Come On In!
Hundred Persons
Are Vaccinated
Case of Smallpox Discovered on the
Steamer Main After Part of Pas
sengers Had Left Ship.
PHILADELPHIA. May 6. A 17-year-old
immigrant boy suspected of having small
pox caused 2.700 persons to be compulsorlly
vaccinated on tne North German Lloyd
steamship Main last night and early today.
The Main arrived here yesterday from
Bremen with 2,365 Immigrants and forty
five cabin passengers.
As the parsengers ; were disembarking
word came that the boy possibly had small
pox. Eight hundred Immigrants who had de
parted on a Baltimore Ohio special tram
were Intercepted and brought back to the
ship during the night and 175 other new
centers were rounded up In the streets In
the southern part of the city and also re
turned to the Main.
Every one had to submit to vaccination.
. . j . . . .u .,a hi.
Including the captain of the ship and his
crew, every policeman, longshoreman and
customs official who was on the ship or
dock when the quarantine was established
and several newspaper men. More of the
cabin passengers were traced to their
homes and vaccinal! d.
The quarantine was lifted today.
Pittsburg Grafter
Given Vacation
Banker Who Pleaded Guilty
Bribery Will Go to Carlsbad
Before Sentence.
PITTSBURG. May S. Stating that he Is
111, Emil Winter, pre iient of th" Work
ing Men's Saving and Tiust company, thu
recently pleaded no defense to a harg
of bribing; filed a petition In irmna!
courts today asking that he bi e :cuiad
from appiaring May 14 for sen -c nee anl
trat he be allowed to go to Carlshai', Ger
many for tr.atment. The court gran el
the prayer and re'.eased the banker under
$ 0,000 bail.
More Par for Km York t'riitral Men.
NEW YORK. May n.-K. K. CI -irk and P.
H. Morrissey, the arb tiattri in the Ne.v
Tork Central wage dispute, today awaidel
the Baltimore & Ohio rates on th- New
York Cential lln s east of Buffalo. Includ
ing the Boston & Albany, with the exeeo
tion of through passenger runs for endue
tors between New Yo: k rtnd Albany. 1 hes :
will get a lower rate of pay.
If the census enumerator haa
fill out this coupon, cut it from The Bee, fold It on the dotted line and drop It
In the nearest mail box with the address on the outside. Postage and envelope
are not necessary.
'' a, m
Name ,
Workmen Killed by Explosion in
Diggings at Birmingham, Ala.
Members of First Aid to Injured
Society HenCh Scene, hot Are
Hrnelled Three? Bodies
PI KM ING HAM. Ala.. May 5.-An ex
plosion In the mines of the Palos Coal and
Coke company, thirty miles from Birming
ham, this afternon at 1 o'clock killed, it
Is believed, between ISO nnd 180 men. The
first man found dead was ISO feet from the
entrance of tne mine. The chiff state
mine Inspector and members of the First
Aid to Injured society members are flock
ing to the place " A special train is now
leaving Birmingham for the scene.
At 3 o'clock three bodle had been taken
from the mine, but rescue work was halted
by the presence of black damp. It is
f .1 . V. . all 1 . 1. m.n& 1. .. , Kaon
, " ' . ,." ,
k l ed, number ng between l.iO and 200.
I "
Serious Health Problem Confronts
Residents of New Counties In
South Dakota.
PIERRE. S. It., May 5 (Special.) At
the meeting of the State Board of Health
held here last evening, the questio'.i of dis
posal of dead cattle on the prairies of the
northwestern part of the stt te was con
sidered, and the board took steps to at
once secure the appointment of county
boards of health in the new counties of
that part of the state, with Instruction to
take definite action toward compelling the
former owners of such cattle to dispose
of the carcasses, either by burial or by
burning. This action will no doubt stir
protests on the part of cattle owners, but
the situation is looked upon as one which
must be met to prevent sickness among
the residents of that part of the state.
Phlllinarn Convicted of Smogitllna.
NEW YORK. May R. The trial of Phil
lip Philllpsen, Mny 8. Moore and "sab 1
Hollar.d, ind.cted In the United Mte-.
court for conspiracy to defraud the g v
ernment by SMiuugiing. ended today w t :
the sentencing of 1'hul psen to one yrar'' The Jury was tnstric ed
yesterday to acquit JIl-s Hoi and. vl;.-s
Moore pleaded guilty and waa t n-d 600.
JH Ins Mrv tlarrlni"i to Merry.
NEW YORK, May 6 Mrs. K. II. Har l
mau expressed regret today Dial puhli - ty
had been given to the engag me it of Mis.
Maty Hariiman to C. C., the scu p
tor, as on account of h -r de.-p mourning,
si e wished her own personal affa rs to be
kept very quiet. She confirmed the report
not got your name, or those of friends,
of the Ceusus,
Federal Building,
m ... i - p
Proposes Pact thp.t Will Keep Nations
from Fighting1.
Peace is Only to Be Desired When it
Conies with Honor.
King Haakon, )ueen Maud, Members
of Cabinet, Kdaratora, Scientists
Are In Tbroua Which
Crowds Theater.
CHRISTIANIA. Norway, May i.-Th.o-dore
Rousevelt delivered his address on
"International Peace" before the Nobu.
priae committee today.
Mr. Roosevcl, entered upon the mil
difficult field of European jaililics and la
the conclusion of a carefully worked out
thesis, advocated an international agrea
mi nt that would serve to check the growth
of armaments, especially naval armaments)
and the formation by those great power
honestly bent on peace of "not only tu
keep the peace among themselves, but to
prevent by force If necessary Its being
broken by others."
What Mr. Roosevelt had to say today be
fore the king and qui en of Norway and
other representative personages constituted
the basis of the private conversations which
be is having with the statesmen of Europe,
us occasion arises, concerning the practical
possibilities of collective action by the va
lious governments for the enrol cement of
universal peace.
Mr. -Roosevelt said It must be boms in
mind ever tnat the great end in view was
righteousness; and he explained that peace,
generally good In Itself, was never tn.i
highest good unless it came as the hand
maid of righteousness. It became a very
evil thing when It served merely as a mask
for cowardice and sloth or as an instru
ment to further the ends of despotism or
Fight for the Hlaht.
"No man Is worth calling a man," said
the speaker, "who will not fight rather
than submit to Infamy or see thus that
are dear to him suffer wrong." This prin
ciple Mr. Roosevelt applied to nations.
As he proceeded. Mr. Roosevelt's voles
plainly showed the effect of the strain to
which it has been subjected by the dally
speech making since March I. Today it
failed him several times and toward the
closb of his address, which was delivered
with unusual emphasis, ho had difficulty
in making himself heard. This morning he
consulted a throat specialist, who sug
gested a rest from speaking as lh best.,
remedy. Nevertheless, the former presi
dent continued his set ' speech to Its end
Many Notables Present.
It was the Nobel Prlxe committee, tltt
members of which are elected by the Nor
wegian Storthing, that In 1WW conferred on
the then president of the United States Its
medal and money award In recognition of
Ills services In bringing to a conclusion the
Russo-Japanese -war.
The occason was the : i;.ute of Mr.
Roosevelt'B visit to Noiwj i.nd one of thu
most notable of his Em open n tonr. Copies
of the address had been distributed In ad
vance among the puss and this afternoon
and tomorrow nn i.vm, the views of the
former president uili u- published In every
country of Europe.
Mr. Roosevc.i s dlscoiuse Mas made with
something of the so e unity of a rfligo.iH
Bervice In the largest auditor. urns o.'
Chrlstlania. th j Nationul theater and In
the presence of King Haakon. Q le'en
Maud, munbeiM of the cabinet and t,f Par
liament and of hundreds of most progres
sive and influential p?rsonallt c-a In the
The address wftr received c rdially anl
at Its conclusion John I.und, vice president
of the Nobel prize committee fad a tribute
to Die speaker and In the
! w hleh he came.
Text of Address.
Mr. Roosevelt said:
It is with peculiar pleasure that I stand
here today to express the deep apprecia
tion I feel of the high honor conferred upon
me by the presentation of the Nobel Peac
Prize. The gold medal" which formed part
of the prize I shall always keep, and 1 shall '
hand It on to my children as a precious
heirloom. The sum of money provided si
part of the prize by the wise generosity of
the Illustrious founder of this world-famous
prize system, I did not, under the peculiar
circumstances of the case, fee! at liberty
to keep. 1 think It eminently Just and
proper that In most cases the recipient of
the prlzo should keep for his own use the
prize In Its entirety. But In this case, whila
I did not act officially as president of the
United Slates, it was nevertheless only be
cause 1 was president that I wes enabled
to act at all: and I felt that the money
must be considered as having been given
me In trust for the United States. 1 there
fore used it as a nucleus for a foundation
to forward the cause of industrial peace, as
being well within the general purpose of
your committee; for In our complex In
dustrial civilization of today the, peace of
righteousness and Justice, the only kind of
p.-ace worth having, is at least as neces
sary in the industrial world as It Is among
nations. There la at leat as much need
to curb the cruel greed and arrogance ol
part of the world of capital, to curb tin
cruel greed and violence of part of tin
world of labor, as te cheek a cruel and un
healthy militarism In International rela
Itiahlrnosnrss la Knd in lew.
We must ever bear In mind that On
great end In vlrw is righteousness, Justus
ss between man arid man, nation and na
tion, the chance to lead our lives on a
somewhat higher level, with broadei
spirit of hioth.'ily good will one for an
other. Peace Is gem-rally good In itself,
but It is n.iver the highest giod unless It
comes as the handmaid of rightnouriii-ss,
and It becomes a very evil thing If It serves
merely aa a mask for cowardice and sloth,
or as an Instrument to further the ends of
despotism or anarchy. We desplst and ab
hor the bully, the brawler, the oppressor,
whether III private or public life, but w
despise no less .be coward and the volup
tuary. No s worth calling a man wh
will not fight rather than tubmlt to In
famy or see those that aie d- ar to htir
suffer wrong. Nu nation deserves tu axial