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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 24, 1910)
The Omaha Sunday Bee.
for NEBRASKA Flr and cold.
For IOWA Fair and cold.
For w-cftincr report ace pane 2.
'A01!i on TO XXOVT.
VOL. XXXIX NO. 43.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 24, 1M0-SIX SECTIONS-FORTY PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
BETTER GUN MEN
IN GERMAN ARMY
Kaiser Wants Higher Quality of
Marksmanrhip for Hii Sea
BALLINGER TO BE
Conspiracy Inyolring Gifford Pinchot
and Subordinates Alleged by
SALEM IS ALMOST
Last Week in Omaha
Charges to North
A MASS0F RUINS
Fire from a Housewife's Kitchen
Destroys Greater Portion of
Complaint to ' Interstate Commerce
Commission Other Cities Get
SHOOTING NOT UP TO THE HARK
GEORGE OTIS SMITH ON STAND
HIGH WIND HELPS FAN FLAMES
Result of Recent Target Practice
raON DISCIPLINE IS AT FAULT
Individual Thinking Rigidly Stamped
Out in Nary.
HOME RULE TO ALSACE-LORRAINE
Autonomy In Their Local Affairs Will
lift Granted Cltlsena of tni Two
Colonics nTrrl from
BY MALCOLM CLARKE.
BERLIN, April 23. (Special Dispatch to
The Bee.) The kaiser and the German na
val authorities have become converted to
the Idea that In order to have a flnt clans
navy something more la needed than the
finest ships and most powerful guns that
human Ingenuity can produce.
They have come to a realizing sense that
thu nan Is of fully as great If not greater
Importance than the machine If his war
fW-ot In to become a really formidable
fighting force. '
Recent maneuvers and fleet target prac
tice Is responsible for this awakening.
The kaiser Is particularly exercised over
the poor tnarkmanahlp of his naval gun
ners. Even In the newer ships, mounting the
latert pattern guns, and equipped with the
most modern, sighting and ranging appli
ances, the number of hits scored was very
disappointing. The gunnery records of
the American and British navies are very
eagerly scanned In Berlin, and the kaiser
Is asserted to have ipoken his mind very
strongly upon the poor shooting achieved
by his fleet.
. Will C hange System.
As a result. It is probable that the pres
ent system of gun training In vogue In the
German fleet will be radically altered. It
Is asserted by those who are In A position
to judge that both the gunnery officers and
the gun crews themselves are equally at
fault The officers do not seem to exer
cise sufficient care In ranging their target
before giving the order to fire. The cap
tains of the gun crews, for their part, are
content to accept the range as given them
from the control stations and not to check
It for themselves. . '
The position In the German navy today
Is this: In Mllhelmahaven It possesses one
of the largest and finest naval bases In
the world, and a fleet of any magnitude
could be fitted put there and prepared for
war with a rapidity that could probably
-' not be equalled by any other yard any
where. The newer battleships and cruisers
now completing for the sea will be fully
the equal of any warships yet built, and
' their guns will likewise challenge compar
ison with British weapons.
It Is the personnel and the system of
training that Is at fault, and here Germany
la surpassed alike by the American, the
British and the Japanese. This has been
admitted for some time past by many Gor
man officers of experience. The
rigid, cast-iron discipline that pervades the
German army has been Introduced Into
the navy, and every rank has had Us Initia
tive and power of Individual thought and
decision studiously trampled out of It
I understand It Is the purpose of '.he
kaiser to detail a number of bright young
officers to make a careful study In Eng
land, Japan and America of naval disci
pline and the development of naval gun
nery and that sweeping reforms will be
made In the German system.
Homo Halo on the Rhino. '
Alsace-Lorraine will soon be granted
home rule, according to belief In best In
formed cire'es here. While the people of
the Relchland have not in principle ac
cepted the right of Germany to annex their
country against Us will, the lrreconcllables
have died out and the autonomists who
have replaced them recognise , the fait
n,.rmnl and declare that if they must
form part of the German confederation,
they should enjoy the same privileges as
the other states. That Is to say, that they
should have ' a diet for the enacting of
1(,.. jlvgls atlon, should be represented on
ihfriederal council of the empire and have
a prince or statthalter nomlnatd for life.
This would allow Alsace-Lorraine to main
tain Its national life and traditions. In
stead of having continual efforts made to
crush them out of existence. The imperial
government, I understand, have about
reached the conclusion that this Is the
best aolutlon of the question and soon will
put a plan of autonomous government Into
Berlin to Expand.
If present indications go for anything.
London will have to look to her laurels or
she will have to give place to Berlin as the
largest and most populous city In the
world. Two prlxes of 16,000 each have Just
Urn awarded by the municipal council
of Berlin to A couple of architects, who
were successful In a competition, for pro
ducing adequate plans for the expan
sion of the city. Berlin has at present.
Including Immediate suburbs, a population
uf S,U'D0, but It Is proposed to transform
the caultRl into an atsslomeraUou of ,0tf.
000 of Inhabitant. The project Indicates
an increase of radius from twenty-five to
thirty miles, and provides for the presur
vailon of woods, the laying down of rail
ways, and other means of rapid communi
cation, the mupplng out of broad avenues,
and the construction of hygienic buildings,
rendering Brlln not only equal, If not su
perior to London lu vastness ad popu
t lutljn, but very much handsomer, cleaner,
ai d more comfortable.
Muratou Mlsslouarlea Expelled.
Mormon misalonarios are not wanted In
Germany. The kingdom of Saxony has
jutt e.xptlled five spostlea as undealrabte
aliens. The Mormons have carried on an
active propoganda in Europe, and ei
iialiy in Germany, during tht lust ten
years, end they have Induced a number of
persons, mostly women, to iuirie to
the Jitsadquurters of their cited and to
adopt their mode of life-
I'h) steal Tralalajg for 1'hlldrrn.
A Berlin doctor has just published a Vol
j Iuu.b In which he ionics some novel state
s' intiils lth regard to the phynical ttatn-
iCouttnutnJ Second Page.)
WASHINGTON. April 21-Frelght rates
on grain from Omaha, South Omaha and
Council Bluffs, la., to points of destination
In the New England territory are alleged
In a complaint filed today with the Inter
state Commerce commission by the Omaha
Grain exchange against the Baltimore A
Ohio Railroad company and forty-two
other eastern carriers to be unreasonable
The rates from these points of origin
to New York and Philadelphia are not
complained of, but the allegation is made
that the through rates from Omaha com
mon points to points of destination In New
England territory, north of Boston, are so
high that Omaha shippers cannot compete
with grain shippers who are afforded
lower rates to that territory.
A conflict In commerce between two Im
portant western cities was developed to
day when the Sioux City Terminal Elevator
company and the Board of Trade of Sioux
City, la., filed a complaint with the Inter
state Commerce commission against the
Chicago, Milwaukee ft St. Paul Railroad
company and other carriers.
The desire of the complainants is to have
oioux uuy made by the commission . a
basing point of freight rates. The com
plainants allege that Sioux City is dis
criminated against and that Its freight
rates are unreasonable as compared with
inose given by the railway companies to
Omaha, Neb. The complaint requests that
rates similar to those given to Omaha be
given also to shippers of Sioux City.
Socialists Arc to
Control Affairs in
Prof. Kautsky Makes Prediction
Regarding the Conditions Here
Fifty Yeara Hence.
BEWJN, April 23. (Spedal Cablegram.)
Prof. Karl Kautsky, the famous social
ist made the prediction today that within
fifty years Europe and America would be
ruled by socialists and that Russia would
be a republic ' The Interview granted by
Prof. Kautsky followed an article pub
lished earlier In the week from his. pen,
In which he predicted that Germany would
soon be under the complete control of men
with socialistic tendencies. '
"The new conditions will mean a cataa
ttophe' for the existing order of things,"
sold he. "I do not mean "by that to indi
cate a soola'l or Vinanel&l tmnlo of wosldv
wldo dimensions, tsut merely to say' that
one can -question, the wondnrful ad- l.
vanoe of socialism In tooth Europe' and 1
, rr-. - ,. I
il t ' T
Amnrlnt. Twentv veara aaro the rule was
nfi, sodRjism with a mild torm of '.
the fews of socialism. People have ben
educated and they know better now. ;
"The socialists must move conservatively.
As one eminent socialist In America said
recently. 'Socialism Is on trial before the
world.' A blunder now will set socialism
twenty years. As we gain strength
and converts we must carry out our propa
gandas with general force.
"Capitalists fear, or profess to fear the
approach of socialism. Indeed, It would
bo better for capital. If socialism were the
"Conditions breed socialism just as much
as the party spreads its own strength.
WVttvin fifty years Russia will tie a re
public and eventually it will be a social
istic one, although that may be very far
in the future."- V
Abbot Called '
BRUSSELS, April 23. The circumstances
surrounding the retirement of Abbot Law
rence Junssens from the post of secretary
of the Congregation of Rel'.glous Affairs
are given a somewhat different color In
reports received here, where much interest
has been exolted because of the fact that
the abbot Is a Belgian.
' According to these reports he secretary
did not willingly resign his office until
he was summoned by Cardinal Merry Uel
Val and threatened with dismissal If he
did not resign at once. -v
The abbot's offense Is said to have been
found In the call which he made on Mr.
Roosevelt following the latter's decision
not to visit the pope.
BELGIAN RULERJi JOURNALIST
Identity of Man Who Has BcesTwrli
laa; Anonymous Articles on
BRUSSELS. April . (Special Dispatch
to The Bee.) Belgium has lost a very able
Journalist For several years an Influential
Belgian Journalist has been publishing
anonymous artlc!a on economlo subjects,
which revealed an Intimate acquaintance
with the world's commerce, and a work
ing knowledge of the principal ports of
Europe and America. Those contributions
have now ceased, and the secret of the
articles has been reveak-d. Ills Majesty
Albert I. has now no time for journalism.
Mistah Johnson's Parade is
Declared Jeffries' Funeral
"What'a that procession of automobiles
golrg along ovtr there?" inquired the old
rime policeman, as the Johnson party
swung into Sixteenth street from Dou.'lai
"Huh, don't you all know wat dat Is?"
sniffed a young negro, as he eyed the old
timer with disgust "Dat's de Jetfrlea
funeral, an' dat big cullud fellah In the
front auterin'blle is de undertakah w'at
will offsyate at de obiqultiea next Ju-u-ly,"
with the accent on the last word.
"What are you talking aout. boy?"
asked the old-timer. In evljent perplexity.
"list's Jack Johnson, man," said the
boy, as if the mention of the name sufficed.
Tells of Conversation with Acting
REPEATS STATEMENT OF LATTER
"We Like Ton, but We Do Not Like
FURTHER PLOTTING AVERRED
Him as Sarin, "If
Don't Get Him, Balllnger,
One War Wo Will An
other." WASHINGTON, April 21 With the evl.
dent purpose of showing there was a con
spiracy between Clifford Pinchot as chief
forester and certain of his subordlnatea to
accomplish the removal of Secretary Bal
linger, the "defense" In the Balllnger
Plrchot Investigation today put on the
stand Dr. George Otis Smith of the geo
logical survey to relate a conversation he
had last September with Acting Foreste
Mr. Smith swore Mr. Price had said to
him that "We like you, but we don't 1 ke
Smith said he Intimated In reply that If
he did not like Mr. Balllnger he would
resign as director of the geological survey.
"Well, we know you are In an embar
rassing position," said 'the witness, quot
ing Price, "but it won't last much longer.
If we don't get him one way, we'll get
him another." ... ,'
The "defense" regards this an Important
disclosure, Indicating that It Pinchot were
unsuccessful In bringing about Ballinger's
downfall . by proving the Glavls charge-,
he was prepared to attack him from an
How Claims Were Located.
Mr. Smith occupied the stand during the
entire morning session with the exception
of the first half hour, during which C.
C. ' Heltman, former chief of the mineral
division of the land office, told how claims
were clear listed.
. Mr. Smith's testimony dealt with the
relations of his department to the forest
service In conservation matters. He was
still on the stand under direct examina
tion when the luncheon recess waa taken.
' In order to accelerate the progress of the
Inquiry, the committee decided today ' to
hold sessions on Thursday, Friday and
Saturday of next week. . ... ,
Three Session a Week.
Chairman, Nelson announced at the
opening of today's session that the oom-
i tntttee" had decided In an executive session
S d rt t , mAaaitnna T' k ixu A m TIW-1 ,1
s !v ..?. "w
nd Bnturday of next week. No decision
wag reached regarding Attorney Brandels'
'euuest for permission to recaU witnesses,
Mr, Heltman, whose division was. one of
those which had to do with the "clear
listing" of the Cunningham claims, de
scribed the various steps taken In . such
a procedure. His testimony - was largely
technical In its nature and neither the at
torneys for the "prosecution" nor mem
bers of the committee displayed much de
sire to interrogate him. ,
George Otis Smith, director of the geo
logical survey which Is tinder the Interior
department was the next witness called
Mr. Smith had charge of rewlthdrawals
of water power sites by Secretary Ballln
gtr. While Mr. Smith was telling of a dis
agreement he had with. Forester Pinchot,
who, he sold, had threatened him with the
"publicity cluto" if he failed to carry out
his conservation ideas, Chairman Nelson
"Isn't that a part of the conservation
"1 don't regard it as an essential part,
but it seems to have been a part." re
plied the witness.
Mr. Smith then entered into a denuncia
tion of newspapers and magaslnes which
told only "partial truths." but relieved the
puoncations from the resoonsihintw w
clnring that the extravagant statements
an en out to the press have hurt the con
Mr. Smith told of a conversation he had
.ni xreeter Price on Septem
ber 18. 1909. Mr, Price waa then acting
forester in the absence of Mr. Pinchot
,,'Mr,'..Pr,C Bald to me whn entered
his office: 'You're all right. Smith, but 1
-wV , Chlef'' Ud Mr' Smith.
When I told him that I didn't corn" over
uiociin mat ne ,a((j
right, but I don't Hke your chief."
"We Will Get Him."
"I replied that if he did not like my
coat I would take It off. Price then re
Plied: 'Oh, I realise you are In an embar
rassing position, but It won't last long If
we don't get him one way, we will an
i . . .
w "iiuin ma mr, prce refer?
quired Mr. Madison of the committee.
mr. uamnger," replied the witness.
Calls Balltag-er n '"Yellow Dos;."
At the afternoon session Director Smith
told of a meeting with Pinchot In the lat
ter's office on July 23. 190. during which
the chief forester had charged him with
"downright disloyalty' to his former chief,
Mr. Garfield. He said" Pinchot accused him
of giving out newspaper interviews "re
flecting on the last administration," on the
subject of water power sites and other
pubilo land matters.
"And who's Jack Johnson?"
the old-timer, with a wink at the little
group now gathered. "Is ho the discoverer
of the comet, or what?"
"Who's Jack Johnson! What yo' ben
all dis time, o' man? He's de cullud man
w'ats goln' to knock Jim Jeffries' block
off Wen he gits in de ring on de1 fort' o'
July. We's all bettlu' on him. for shuh."
"Oh, that's who It Is, eh?" retorted the
old one. "Well, me boy, after that flj;ht
he'll be coming bock In a box car packed
In Ice." '
Oh. rhucks, yo' don't know nuthln',"
ihuutid the colored boy, as he ambled on,
d.-fubUj through and through.
3aW7-" 'ffW HOMO U05.
XR GROW J M fnjO- --3. C!b3&rr- W i y
ll'I A , fKr"
"iliTiii'-iijlf J V '!v s Tn ymuUrmvav tou stay wrekx " fuWu"
W'Ri: PUT !!' , , , . iVMT
AT THE BIER OF MARK TWAIN
Successor to Take Up Work of Dead
, Humorist '
EULOGIES. SPOKEN IN NEW YORK
Thousands View Dead Writer's Body,
After Which the Party Marts
..for Old' Homo at vv V
- "''Etntira. ; .... . ,' .
NEW YORK. April 23. (Special Tele
gram.) The .possibility that Samuel Lane
home Clemens (Mark Twain) appointed his
own successor in tho field of American
literature. If It can be satd that the latti
sage and humorist oan have a successor,
was started by the announcement that his
uncompleted manuscript will be completed
according to expressed wishes laid down
by Mr. Clemens before his death.
Before the shock of Mark Twain's death
had begun to spend Itself literary men had
begun to Inquire who would follow In the
footsteps of the great American author,
but the interest attached to the wishes of
Mark Twain" in this respect are not con
fined to literary circles. In the army of
readers who knew Twain through his books
and loved him for his humor arvl true
Americanism there is positively a larger
Who will be the successor of the famous
It is understood that Mr. "Clemens ex
pressed the wish that his tasks be com
pleted either by one writer, or by several
In collaboration, but the strictest injunc
tion was that 'the manuscript should not
he touched by any savt an American.
His Unfinished Work.
In the library at Stormfield, where Mr.
Clemens ' spent the declining years of his
ll'fe are a number of stories and sketches,
some slight and some pretentious, which
were started and never finished. Some ape
hastily . outlined In skeleton dorm . and
others are nearly completed. Mr. Clemens
did not exert himself In his task, for he
was ill and the weakness of sickness had
sapped Inspiration from , his mind. He
only worked when "the spirit moved him.
a'l he said himself. He added in' his whimsi
' cal manner that he pever before realised
how lacy-a spirit could be under the cir
cumstances. But as .the humorist grew
feebler,' he turned serious attention toword
his uncompleted labor, and as he realized
tfiat he would likely never touch It again,
(Continued ion Second Page.)
Turn to the want
very thing that you
need, no doubt.
In ' these pages employers find
servants servants find homes.
Landlords find tenants tenants
Bargains that you haven't
thought of are listed In these pages.
What has been lost, is hero.
What has been found, is here.
Altogether, it will be inter
esting for you to wtule through
it today. It may be that you
will call Douglas 238 tonight
Events as They Appear to The Eee's
Adjourn by the
1 Middle of June
Administration Leaders' Expect
7 Complete Legislative Program
i ' by That Time.
WASHINGTON, - April 23. -Congraas will
adjourn before the... middle of June and pos
sibly by Juna 1, It la believed byprosident
Taft and the administration leaders. And
before that time It Is expected most of the
so-called administration measures now be
fore congress will have been passed, or. If
not, they would be in such snap that
they can- be enacted ' Into, law soon after
congress meets In Decsmbsr
Operating In favor of the early passage
of the five admInistiatlon bills, which are
the railroad bill, the statehood bill, the
postal savings-bank bill, the conservation
bill and the antl-lnjunctton bill, are two
factors. One Is the fact that a number of
republican members of each house wish to
get back home as soon as possible to pre
pare for the coming congressional elections.
Another Is that the passage of measures'
advocated In the republican program Is
the surest way, the leaders believe, of pre
venting further democratic congressional
The statehood bill has passed the house,
- Kin u.. ....a ..:
one conservation bill has passed the senate
and the anti-Injunction bill Is almost ready
to be reported favorably to the house. -
Of the five measures, the postal savings
bank bill, the president has been told. Is
In the greatest danger, for -although It has
passed the - senate, It will have a rough
time, it Is said. In the house committee on
postofflces and post roads, to which it
was referred. ,
Charge that Indicted Men at Pitts
bur?; Are Trying to Tamper
PHILADELPHIA. April 23. That some
men implicated In the councilmanio scan
dal have raised a large fund to defeat the
ends otf Justice and that tho present panel
from which will be chosen Jurors, to hear
the cases, is being tampered with, were al
legations made to the state supreme court
today by District Attorney William 'A.
IBlakley of Allegheny county. Mr.' Blakley
made his charges In filing an answer to
the petition of Max O. Leslie, 'delinquent
tax collector of Allegheny county, Indicted
In the. scandal, who wants a change cf
venue. - ' '
How Big is Qmaha?
What Some People Think About It
1M.2H George Carter, N. IS
11.7,1V) Charles It. Wth. 3701 N. 18
Lr'2.164 Karle Heel. 60S 8. 2S
IM.Wa Frank Kotera, 131S Martha
133.275 W. L. JaKKiir, N. Y. Life
H'i.iMt William M. Wheeler, Lincoln
T. L. Ha'.l. Council Blufs
lwl.OoO Mildred Ixifgren, Benson
lii.m ....Kutii McUowan, i'il 8. li
l:i.S77 Victor L. Uintiam. 47M N. 88
13S.34.". iHrgaret S. Crocker, lilt S. 32
13 27il ildra. Llczie Brooks, M M. 1'C
liW.7" J. 11. Brooks, DJj S. 2
1U.K.1 M. C. Cunningham, i:n N. ;
U:X1.; L. C. tiruham, 472U S. S8
141. m 11. W. Graham, 47I S. Si
IM.VS Gtrtrude Worral, Suit Bancroft
IbT.iiTi. .J. E, Diffeiibauitli. th and liarniy
I'll.!) W. L. Uobertaon, 21. Hi ('.
lS'J.OoO Agnes M. l.arnrn. 2iU N 2
l7,(-'t. Max Flerman, HIJ 8. :i
lf&.a.'O Joe ltcsenbluin. Wi N. II
1u-1.7mI Mrs. A. Joyce, t urtis
1W.4IO L. L. Lvls, Council Muffs
141,2; J. BHiker, 632 8. 37
HJ 310 Mrs. K. Sullivan, Si'lS, 8. 1J
l:Ao3; 8. Reynold. t23 Dodge
i:.i'V' Ruth Williams, Gn.nt
Uj'.K'O Mrs. K. Steverson. hooth Omaha
14;,71 William Bulchar, Yolk
17K.310 J. B. Sedgwick, York
lZu.uO v. C Buntiiad, Loomls
I The Census Man
CITIZENSHIP IN A REPUBLIC
Colonel Roosevelt Delivers Lecture in
the Sarbonne at Paris.
ACHIEVEMENT ONLY IS GOOD
Critics Are Parasites Who Aro En
titled to No Credit-Property Be
longs to ' Wan, Not Stan
'. ( . Property.
PARIS,; April 23. Theodore Roosevelt
former president of the United States, de
livered his eagerly awaited . lecture on
"Cltlienshlp In a Republic," In the Sar
bonne this afternoon. His sludlence was
composed of alt of (he members of the
French cabinet, students selected from the
University of Paris and many distinguished
guests, by whom the occasion was regarded
as the most Important feature of the dis
tinguished American's visit to Franco.
In the. course of his address, Mr. Roose
velt made reference to the subject of
human rights, and property rights in the
"My position "as regards the. moneyed In
terests can be put In a few words. In
every ' civilized society property rights
must be carefully safeguarded. Ordinarily
r'S-hts and property rights arc funda
mentally and, In the long run, Identical;
but when it clearly appears that there Is
a real- Conflict between them, human rights
must have the upper hand; for property
belongs to man and not man to property."
Spends Day la Latin Quarter.
Mr. Roosevelt spent today In the old
Latin quarter across the Seine, wh'ch for
centuries has been one cf the centers of
the world. At 1 o'clock this afternoon
In his capacity as a foreign member of th?
French Institute, he attended the regular
session of the Academy of Moral and Po
litical Sciences In the conference ha:t of
the old Laracln palace,' which Is now tne
home of the Institute. This room was se
lected Instead of the smaller room In which
the "forty Immortals" meet. In Order to
permit the pubilo to enter and because It
Is the usual meeting place of three of the
academies, the Academy of. Fine Arts, tin
Academy of Inscriptions and literature
and the Academy -of Moral and Political
Aitnough Mr. Roosevelt la entitled to
wear the green brocaded uniform of an
actaemician, he appeared today in hn
familiar frock coat dress. At S o'clock he
delivered his lecture in the Grand Amphi
theater of the Sarbann, -"here he was
cordially received, in-r .-fr-.3rks were fol
lowed with intense Interest.
jj,miie Houtroux. who presided, after the
customary routine business had been con
eluded, addressed the academy on the re-
(Contlnued on Second Page.)
J;- w. Wlnshlp, 2!3l Franklin
''''', -. r. Alien, lieneral Unlivery
M7,ii0..., Julia Allen. IMS Iir.io,
41 III Cl.a.U. rtr... . . .
....Cliailes Hansen. 251K Franklin
...Knill Mobr, Kls S. II
-W. V. Smith, 3412 H.ivd
J- H; Sherwood, Oxford
R. Taylor, 3.012 Bnrdette
..Alfred Benson. Mlnrtnn
....Ralph Wynian, 34lrt c
Sims Auguslln, Osceo'a
.J. W. Swan, University Flmf
Krnmt Crondes, Fremont
.E. V. O 'henes. Fairfax, s! Ji
J. P. O'Connor, 21 S 3J
C. C. fclraube, 1720 Dorcas
v.. . Trailers. H u mil
'H7.1I2... .Russell Milllman. Mlmourl Valiev
l.r.2M Hoy J. Hill, Uf, Burdetii
juoiini! uumi, lailNnmuth
Ut.Mi- Chailea Wclland. L'mars
144.72) C. H. Hcranton, a.lij Cn,n
W.0 Mis. Fannie Cruwdrr, Fremont
l-'-.i"'13 M. A. Klrchman, Wahuo
HrCt0 Herbert Ki-hulxe. Lyons
l-"Uf .....W. II. Widaman, Norfolk
11,H3. M. C. Petersen, Smith Omaha
l.l4 A. 8. Collins,., P ort Ornslm
I4iYio2 J. II. Owen, !sJ8 Reward
13S.W8 E. H. Cochran, Denver
Is Counting Now.
For Six Hours the Blaie Sweeps on
in Its Fury.
ONE HUNDRED ARE HOMELESS
Number of People Are Injured, but
BUSINESS HOUSES ARE GONE
Loss Estimated at Mre Than Qoarter
of Million Dollars, Including
Business ' Houses and
SALEM, Neb., April 23. (Special Tele
gram.) Salem Is In ruins tonight. Fire
starting in the ' overheated oven of a
housewife's kitchen swept over the vil
lage this afternoon and In six houra the
entire business district and a largo por
tion of the residence section was de
stroyed. The loss Is estimated at between
$260,000 and $800,000. with but small In
surance. One hundred pertple, homeless,
are being quartered with the farmers
about the vlllnge and at Falls City.
Twenty or more persons are Injured, none
seriously. Four were burned In a dyna
mite explosion at a hardware store.
Some of the Losses.
The principal business tnstitutlona de
M. L. Dowell. arenernl m.rnhanillM in -
Khlldneck Bros., hardware. $20,000.
Bank of Salem (papers safe), $ii.000. .
Carsh & Co., general merchandise, $,1,000.
Mulone & Pearson, restaurant, $5,000.
Sitlfim Mutual Telenhtin rnmnnnv.
$5,000. ' "
southeastern Nebraska Telenhone com-
Nebraska Telephone company, $5(10.
Snyder &' Parrlsh, druggists, $1,000.
A partial list of residence properties de
stroyed are those belonging to .E. P.
Emmert, A. Snyder, C. M. Coffee,' P, H.
Brlsl, 8. E. Stouf fer. Joseph ' Wlndle.
George Vandorberg. James Klarry, Wade
Whitten, farm house; Methodist Episco
pal church, $2,600.
Those Injured In the hardware store ex
S. E. Stouf fer. ' ' . .
F. H. Brlsl. ' ' "
M. li, Dowell. . - " . .
Efforts of Workers Unavailing. '
The flames swept across the town, fanned
by a strong northwest wind. The efforts
of a bucket brisrade. enmnnsed hf .vnrv
able-bodied person In t(ie village and fifty
automobile), loads of men from Falls City
and vicinity, were futile. The conflagrr-
tlon mowed down all In Its path through
the edge of tho town, leaving nothing be
hind but the embers In Its wake,' -
Dynamlta in a hardware store' explod
ing, threw a vast volume of sparks and
burning lumber Into the air, causing In-
Jury to six persons. The volley of sparks
from this mighty blast was carried far
with tha wind. From this source the horns
of Wade Whitten,, a wealthy farmer liv
ing more than a mile distant, , waa fired.
His home, barns and stock were entirely
destroyed, incurring a loss of probably
No lose of life has been discovered.
Virgil Grtnstead, clerk, while fighting
the fire at M. L. Dowell's hardware store,
where he was employed, fell through th
roof to the burning Interior, but escaped
with his life, though badly burned.
Falling to the floor of the burning store.
Grlnstead crept to the door to fall faint
ing into the arms of F. H. Brlsl, one of
the bucket brigade fighting the fire out
sldu. He was painfully injured, but not
While scores of fire fighters were en-
gaged In throwing water over the Shlld-
neck hardware store the dynamite In the
basement exploded, showering them with
The blast spread the flames still farther
across tne town, ine resultant fire at
the home of Wade Whitten was not dis
covered until two hours later by the tows)
The fire started at tho home of C. IS.
Coffee at 12:30 o'clock. Mrs. Coffee was
baking bread. The kitchen range became
overheated and communicated the flamei
to the walls of the d willing. Before aid
could be called the entire house was In
flames, whlc-ii spread before the wind, fir
ing half 'a dozen other homes In the space
of a few minutes.
It was soon apparent that the entire
town waa endangeied. A call for help was
telephoned to Falls City, seven miles dis
tant. , The fire and srnoke was already
visible at that distance. In tha coursa
of the afternoon fifty automobiles came
from Falls City and the surrounding coun
tryside. The additional help was of little
avail, however, as the fire fighting ap
paratus available was confined to buckets
and tubs. Water could only be obtained
from wells and clcttrns. .
Practlcully the only successful combat
with the flames .was at tho Metliodlnt
Episcopal church where but a two-thlrdi
has was sustained. The damago is esti
mated at $2,W) to the church.
Rescue by Automobile.
All communications to the outside sav
tl-rougn ' ths Burlington's tcUgruph wires
at the btatlon, three-quartern of a mile dis
tant from the town proper, was cut off
when the offices of the three telephone
companies were attacked by the conflagra
tion. Automobiles, , runnJruj between Calem
and Falls City tonight ,are carrying away
the people whose homes have been do
stroyeu, to places of refuge.' Many have
beu temporarily cared for at the homes
Of the counlry people of the vicinity, liven
approximate estimates of the loss to tha
village are difficult tonight. The Insurance
policies car rlt4 are small and scattering
mid will cover buta small fraction vt the
ls(-s. In the destruction of several of
the eighteen hoima burned, families have
lest their all. 'i he dwellings lost averaged
not less tmin fl.CC) each In value.
Aid to tho Injured was render td by Dr.
E. L. Green, Dr. 1 1. R. Minor and Dr.
Gilffi.h of Falls City, who came early with
the column of automobiles which brought
An examination late tonight found the
contents of the safe and vaults of the
Bank of Hulem unharmed. The safes con
tailed most of ths records and documents
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