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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 10, 1910)
TIIF: OMAHA RrXDAY NKK: APTUL 10. 1010.
LIFE IN SUNNY CALIFORNIA
Feature! that Appeal to the Casual
ORANOE CULTURE IN DETAIL
FMaatlas tka Tim ta Murk-limn ha
ProfHa What l.oa An-elea
IT LAND. Cal.. March !2 To the Editor
of Tha Bee: Southern California has hm?
enjnyed the reputation aa an ldal wlner
leaort and as one travels ainund about
Ixa AnilM, the surprising thing la that
ao many Nebraska people have trart-d the
, eo.d wintere and fierce snowrorme for 'he
"glorlou rllmata" of California. 1 mint
confess that I taught the fever to the ex
tent of trying out the winter urnoiiK toe
ortingo groves, and Mrs. Taylor ami the
writer arrived at fpland, about forty miles
east of Ios Ana-Hen. aoon after the middle
of January. Moat of the time alma we have
thoroughly enjoyed Ufa on a ranch at the
foot of the mountain. The term "ranch" Is
used here particularly with reference to
rew land, flince. our arrival we have vlt
Ited the fruit packing houses, a very 1n-
I teresting slfrht, and driven throusli a irrem
I many orchards. I presume Bee renders will
be Interested In some of the details of ihe
I fruit business.
I Tn the first place the old savins Is line
I hat "aJI that rtltters la not gold." Every
t country ha Its drawbacks. In south rn
!l California are districts In which fine crops
! of oranges, lemona and arapefrult have and
(j ran be profitably raised. In the past some
if fnlstakes have been made in trying to grow
I crops on land wholly unaultcd and never
'intended by nature, for oranpr. For h-
ample, me nin un.rr i ir...... i v "
1 edge that tha best land on which to grow
i" oranges, lemons, grape fruit citrus fruits,
i .they are ralled-ia the foothilla of the
tnounialn ranges surrounding tha valley
' east of I.n Angeles. Since tha frost of the
' .... .,.. l.nili in referred to as
last winiri in - ------
j Ine rroatnmen ocim. iiic urm ,7un- i
-Obtained on land at an elevation of from
'l200 to .000 feet. Strange to way, It dos
?$ot get o cold In these foot Vila ss It
tjoei lower down In the valley.
Parehasea of Krv.lt l.aad.
r Further clown, on me nai lanu. mv i
. tempt to raise cltrua fruits la uein-r aban
doned and these landa are profitably om
' ployed, and quite aucceesfully ao, In amall
grain, vegetables, alfalfa, walnuta, decldu
, ; oua fruits, etc. Conditions have changed
;for tha better quite materially so since the
;; foregoing facta were realised and every
thing Is more prosperous. In puivli.nlng
t property In southern California one should
"be careful to get located In a district espe
cially fitted for raising 'he thing the pur-
cnaser aesirea 10 minima in. . "
: alfalfa on orange ground nor can you grow
oranges In an alfalfa district. Snrae 'ast
ern people, probably through Ignorance,
' sometimes try to sell cheap lands, and call
; -them orange lands, but they are not. The
' land suitable for oranges la higher anl hard
' to get. Evan good land is of little account
1 unless an abundance of water for Irrigation
' is provided. Nothing can be done In fruit
! culture In southern California without
t water. In making a purchase It Is Just as
( Important to satisfy yourself on water
. supply as on the title.
The orange gTOves look very beautiful,
mlth the deeD green leaves, ripe oranges
L hanging on the trees and the blossoms of
? the neit crop breaking forth In all their
' glory. It Is said, and I think It true,
, that a good grove of five acres will satisfy
: the worldly needs of a good slsed family.
I certainly have never met a happier or
' more contented people than the owners of
! these orange grove. The growth of tha
! orange and lemon Industry Is wonderful.
! People had to learn how to successfully
i develop profitable orchards and through
I tUe mistakes of the past a great Industry
' la now In successful operation. And It has
I all been accomplished in the lifetime of
i one generation. Ten years ago the total
' shipments of southern California hud
. reached 16,000 cars. Last year they shipped
i 30.000 cars. People are eating more oranges
,' than ever before and prices are well main
I talned. The value of the shipments are
about 1!.000,000 per year.
Types of Oranges.
.The navel orange is In the lead and more
ra grown of this variety titan any other.
It ripens along about Christmas and the
, orop is picked from December to April, as
anted for the market. Along about June
fhe Valencia orange ripens and Is picked
nd put on the market from June until
fall. Lemon trees seem to hear all tfte
' year around and are picked at all times,
j Trees are usually irrigated once a month.
' The water required Is one Inch to ten
acres for young trees and Increasing from
year to year until at eight or ten years of
age the average comes up to one Inch
i lor each four acres.
t The profits on a grove depend much
ffpon conditions, soil, environments, meth
. oiJs of culture, packing, shipping, market
ing, etc. It Is exactly like raising corn In
-Nebraska a good crop on one side of the
road and a poor one on the other aide. The
net profits ranee all the way from tl.".0
fa fitOS Ier acre, depending upon conditions
' !mrld whether much work Is done by the
Ltrwner. I should say a good conservative
I average on a small grove, where the owner
does not hire too much work, would be
J 50 to $:(60 per acre on trees hW years
vld or over.
.' Prim of an Orange I. rove,
('-"The price of orange groves bcariiiK, runs
' from $1,000 to $2,000 p?r sere, according to
i.'ag. location, water rltilits. etc. This vi-ems
pretty high flguru, but It nut only costs
!' good deal of .money to develop an uranye
grove, but when It is developed a good
' Mi'ove Is reasonably sure to net the ow ner
j ill per cent on these figures. Thrs owners
ffcre stiff on their prices and If an orchard
. strikes the fancy of a customer he Is
I pretty sure to pay the price. Most every
body now coming to California to take tip
! a permanent residence brings a pretty good
! bank account with him and he Is pie
pared to buy Just about what he wants.
Hood orange land Is beromlng scarce.
1 This means, of couree, land with water
facilities. Nothing can be done without
water. There i a soil of decomposed
granite, sloping south from the mountains,
' which is said to he excellent for oranges
, and lemons. This land, where water ran
be developed by wells. Is In demand and a
great deal Is being Improved this year.
These wells cost from $3 W0 to i.,000 and
with a good flow will care for a number
of groves. This laud is covered with sage
1 brush and rocks and It costs from $100 to
its per acre to clear It. With water
. rights this land Is now selling around $JK)
per acre. In setting out a new orchard.
the standard distance between trees U
om about tweuty-two feet. At this die
j iance they plant ninety trees to the acre on
the square plan; 103 hexagoual or septuple;
btperleace ml One Orchard. '
Tlie following aa to oie orchard's records,
located about thirty , miles east of Los
Angeles, will give a fairly good Idea of
what can he dona on a new orchard with
light cunditioua and proper care: A grove
of tan acres as planted In lk'iO. In a rich
f decomposed granite soil, to second sised
trera. in IMtt (he irwp sold fur In ix&j
tor .. in ! ror r-.xt. tn tor . m. in
l'; f..r ll.om.i. in kt for $r..0. In 19 for
$4,100. In vr tor f .KtO, In 1! for $i.ft. In
l!l for $c..2'4 In V.tt for K.wn. and In su!
exiuent years sales rna.e from $t.oio to
The i xdm lein e in tills grove was some
v. hat unusual In the second and third years.
As a rule thy do nirt expert much of a
crop until the fourth or fifth year. Nearly
all the colonies and town In southern
California have parking houses, largely
on the ro-operstlve plan, which receives,
sorts, boxes anil ships the fruit. These
packing houses are very busy from De
cember to Msy, are larse-ly operated by
the. most modern machinery, and It is quite
Interesting to visit them. I understand the
Fruit Growers' association look closely after
shipments and see to It that the market
Is not overstocked. Growers are notified In
advance when end how many boxes to de
liver. The eucalyptus tree is In evidence to a
limited extent on the borders of orange
groves, chiefly for firewood. It can be
cut for that purpose In two or three years
after planting. The lands in the orange
belt are too valuable to plant to eucalyptus,
although small groves are often found on
ground not Just aultable for orange culture.
Orange growers watch closely for insect
pests and trees cannot be taken from one
county to another until Ihe Inspector has
examined tlirm and Issued his certificate.
I'v such cloe attention there Is very little
complaint of insects and the spraying Is
done only when necessary, usually once In
four or five years.
( Minute of California.
Bverybody has heard of the glorious
climate of California. ' This winter haa
been an exceptional one. I am told. Most
days have been very pleasant, but quite a
number were very cool, particularly dur
ing the early morning, and from 4 o'clock
In the afternoon. But no country is per
fect, and It dors look like everybody was
enjoying life, in California. The frost
caught a good many trees on the low lands.
and part of the crops were lost, but we
have the same trouble In Nebraska when
the froft comes early and destroys the
corn. The air Is now fragrant with orange
blossoms, and the trees are lining up for a
new crop, just as though such a thing as
frost did not exist.
Kuclld avenue runs from Ontario to San
Antonio canyon. In the mountains, and is
seven miles In length. An electric car line
runs In the center and on either side for
the whole distance are red pepper trees,
flanked by broad drives, which are oiled
and In good condition. The avenue is lined
with . a stone curb and gutter, finished
In rather fancy style, but permanent, for
sometimes quite a volume of water comes
down from the mountains, and it has to bo
cared for properly to prevent damage
""a comionable residences line both
sides of the avenue, and many are. located
in orange groves, which with facny stone
bridges across the gutter, hedges of pines,
and stately palms everywhere, certainly
maKe Euclid avenue one of the beantv in.
land spots of California.
I cannot In this letter speak at length
of tha many beautiful towns and cities
oi southern California. In everv nlace
you find a contented and happy people.
The country seems to grow upon a visitor;
at least the longer you stay the better
ou ime it. Most everybody is from .on,..
where, and they all take pleasure in making
welcome, i must say that California
people are decidedly clever, and they go
out of their way to make visitors feel at
Los Angeles is a wonder, Mrs. Taylor
and I spent ten days In the city, as the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Alios, old time
Illinois friends. And we had a royal good
time YVt.ll. T . .
,r Jngeies is almost con
slanllv rill.H ..!. . , .
- lourisia, it is never
theless a great city, claiming 310,000 popula-
w. 1,,,, x-scmo uiectrlo Street railway
Is the best equipped line In the country.
..u operates over 699 miles. The power
tomes from somewhere up In the moun-
l"""' lwo Los Angeles busi
ness men have a way of pulling together.
There are no knockers. They are tabooed
-..r,c, ,or lne public good is
pushed to success. For example, the
vnamoer or commerce has 2,9:fl members
who pay $10 per year each and then .nm.
to boom the city and state. They have
a large building, filled with product.
maintain a corps of employes whose duty
iu icu an aoout southern California, and
I.oa Angeles n particular. The
recently took over the water plant, costing
about $3,000,000, or more than double what
It was worth, in the opinion of well posted
business men. But they did not waste
any time over a bad bargain. The result
m mm water rates have been mat.ri.iiv
reduced, and do not cost one-third of the
.ormer rate, and the ater board has not
omy replaced more than three-fourths
of the old pipe lines, but has a nice
sinning rund besldes-all from surnln. r.
ceipts. But I.os Angeles did not stop there
They do things along broad lines. Iri
umana. when v,e get the water works.
suppose e shall be satisfied, and will not
cure to una a larger supply. Not so here
1-OU AnVAl.. . ..... J -!. .wj.
. .. . ..,,wu,uwi ror a new
um' Power supply, and while it is
a gisantlc enterpilse, it will be completed
... nvo or tnree years They get the supply
nearly 200 miles .way. up In the mountains.
..... ..oc ver x.wu men 'at work. The
tunnel worn through several mountains
is practically compete. The power which
will be developed is very lrKe. and it
is estimated that the sale of uower !.
will more than pay the interest on the
bunds. It looks like a Uemenduous under
laklnjr. but I.os Angeles does big thing
They have ct their population peg at
l.Oc.OOO for 1M0. and are building accord
ingly. In passing I might suggest that
Omaha could nearly equal l.UH Angeles
In power and water plant, If lt would get
busy In the snme way and hitch up the
l-oup and I'laue. Ix,s Angeles emploved
three f ihe best engineers in the country
to mvestmate and report upon the feasi
bility of the project, and when over d-
iiueu mvoiauly. they pushed It to a con
clusion, practically without opposition
But that was not all. I.os Angeles real'ied
that thousands of tourists in automobile
would build up every part of the couniry
And counties cover a vast stretch of coun
try In toutnern California. Ho the cou.ry
voted U.MO.0OO bonds for good roads. The
Plan Is for 300 miles Just now costing $1.0.D
per mile, and these roads will be connected
up with those In adjoining counties. This
will make southern Californ.a a paradise
for the automobile people and they spend
a good deal of money every day.
guile naturally, with so many large. Usues
of bonds I though the tax rate would be
high, but it Is not. The businrs section
of I.os Angeles i improving rapidly. The
city council limit the height of building
to twelve stories and many new ones are
going up. The strange thing to me Is the
confidence of the people In their city
and the future. Ilesldrncea adjoining tho
business dMrlet are giving way not for
to or three-story building, but for eight,
ten and twelve-stoiy buildings, and ihev
fill up ss soon as completed. Prices for
business property are very much higher
than in Omaha, as are renps also. Store
looms along Klxteenth street in Omaha,
which rent for $J50 to $300 per month would
br.ng $;m per month in I.oa Angeles Va
tsnl property within four or five blocks of
Ihe btmluess section will sell readily at
$1 01 per foot.
It would serm, taking rental aad Tieea
Into consideration, that It t a pretty good j
plan to build a city along broad lines, and
while Omaha Is a splendid city, yet with Its
surroundings and resources. If the people
would wake up and follow the example of
I.os Angeles, there Isn't any doubt but
Omaha would forge to the front and take
lis place at the head of the procession of
progressive cities In the west. We have
been too conservative In the past.
OLD GUESSES AT THE CENSUS
Karly Prophets Who 1)14 Well Till
Ihe Birth Rate l)e
rllne. Kxperts In the science of statistics think
the superintendent of the census, when
he estimates the population of the I'nlted
States in the census year 1910 at something
between 88,000,000 and 81.000.000, allows him
self rather more leeway than a prophet
with his Inside Information need demand.
Estimating the population of the I'nlted
Htates ought rot to be a very difficult
matter these day even for an amateur,
they say. The birth rate, death rate, im
migration, emigration and everything else.
if there Is anything else bearing upon the
subject, are all pretty well known year by
year since 1SO0 for all, or nearly ail. parts
of tho United States, so that an estimate
made today should show figure pretty
close to the results of the actual census,
perhaps as near aa 200,000 or ,100.000.
One of the odd and disconcerting things
about the history of statistics Is the way
In which the population sharps of a cen
tury ago estimated the future without the
aids that should enable the census bureau
to come within a few thousands of actual
census figures. In 181i the editor of Nile's
Ileglster made a detailed estimate of what
the census of 1820 would show as to the
population of the I'nlted Htates. lie really
had very little to go on, and he declined
to say Just how he reached his conclusions,
but lie came within less than 26,000 of the
He said he had for years supposed that
the census of 1820 would show a population
of about 10.000.000. Ills guess was a trifle
over 9.964,000 and the actual enumeration
was a trifle over 9,638,000. In some details
his guess was astonishingly near.
He gave an estimate for every state and
territory, and for New England, Mary
land and Ohio he was only about 8,300 out.
In keverai of thifse states he was within
a few hundreds of the actual figures, and
In none was he more than about 10.009 out.
He was within four of the actual census
figures In North Carolina. It was mainly
in the newer states that he guessed too
The Boston Recorder tried its hand at
census guessing in 1316 with Interesting re
sults. The editor took little or no account
of immigration which was then trifling,
but he figured out from the census of 1790,
ISOO and 1810 that population doubled every
twenty-three years. As there seemed plenty
of room for expansion and race suicide had
not th;n been heard of he concluded that
the inorease would go on at that rate for
at least a century-
Upon this theory he estimated the popu
lation for every twenty-three years up to
192J. He had before him figures of the
eensus of 1810, which showed about 7,240,000
inhabitants. He placed the population of
im at 14.000.000, of 1866 at 18,000.000, of 1879
at 59.000,000, of 1902 at 112,000,000 and of l2o
at 224,000,000. He must have been very
close to the actual figures In 1833, for the
census of 1830 gave nearly 13.000,000 people.
He was not far off In 1856, for tha census
of 18.10 showed nearly 23,200,000 Inhabitants
and that of 1800 rather more than Si, 400,000,
but he was fully 1000.000 too high In 1879
and more than 27,000,000 too high In 1902,
even If the colonies, of which he hod no
Inkling, be taken into account. His esti
mate for 1925 seems likely at the current
rate of Increase in this country to bo con
siderably more than 100,000.000 too high.
The source of his error lay In the de
clining birth rate, which he ild not fore
see. When he made his estimate the death
rate had been steadily decreasing since
1790, when it waa 25 per 1.000. By 1620 it
had sunk to a shade over 20V per 1.000.
The losses of the civil war also helped to
throw out his calculations and the huge
Increase of immigration, of which he had
no thought, waa not sufficient to make up
for the checks to population left out of
There was much interest the country
over In the results of the census of 1830,
when the population surprised all but those
who had studied earlier statistics. Before
the general reaults of that census were
made known the Albany Plough Boy made
u computation for that yar and for each
decennial period up to 1900.
The statistician knew that the birthrate
as yet showed no sign of falling off and
that the death rate was rather rapidly de
creasing, while ttvere was a vast unoccupied
tirrltory open to settlers, though Texas
and the region beyond the Rockies were
still in the hands or strangers and the fate
of the Oregon country was uncertain. The
Plough Boy had no suspicion that the
trifling Immigration of the period would
grow to hundred of thousands annually
within the next thirty years. He was not
so sanguine as the editor, who had counted
upon the doubling of the population every
twenty-three years, however, and he
worked upon an elaborately detailed plan,
for he gives his lesults not only in thou
sands, but down to units.
lie was nearly 200.000 too high for U20.
almost HO0.0U) too high for 1830 and nearly
COo.GOO too high for 1SW, and again 700,000
too high for ISiO. He had counted too
much upon the birthrate, but by this time
linn Igiatlon had begun to be twavy snd
his estimate for 1860 waa less than 150,000
too high. Me was more than 1.250.000 too
lilgii for 1870 and more than .o0,000 too
high for 1880. His calculation for 18'.0 waa
more than 14,000,000 too high and for 1900
2.".oG0WW loo high.
Niles of the Register undertook estimates
of th; population ftir decennial periods
about 1S.D and proved a better prophet than
his contemporaries. He waa not more
than 2C0.OCO nut in any census year up to
und including 1"0. and In some years he
was within about SO.OK) of the census fig
ures. His cakulstlons wrre hopelessly wrong
for the first time ss to the census of 1870.
and thereafter to the end of the century
he was more and more at variance wliu
actual census results. I.Ike hi fellow
statisticians he presumed upon a contlnu
the high birthrate and upon a steady ie
feening of the death rate, but expected no
great thing of Immigration. The elements
which he neglected balanced pretty fulr.y
up to 1S00. but the havoc of the civil war
and the check to the birthrate set him
urong after that, so that rven the va.it
immigration of the last forty year did
not make up the loss.
Aa Odd Heaaloa.
Chsrle I'onnor of Port Arthur, (Int.. for
four year an employs of the Vlgsn-Shear
Lumber company. Instructed his landlady
that If anything happened to him she
should notify a daughter at Hay t'ily.
Connor was taken sick and the landlady
wrot as requested Connor's daughter I
dead and the letter waa sent to Connor's
wife at Gaylord, Mich.
Mrs, Connor and her son tatirie to fort
Arthur, finding her husband recovered.
Mia hud nut heard from tha man for six
MODERN GIRL IS PRUDENT
This ii One Reason Why She Heiitatei
PREFERS TO EARN OWN LIVING
Man More likely to Raah lato Mar.
rlaae Wllanat t saalisg the fast
I.lvlna Kspenaea nT
NEW YORK, April .-ln the belief of a
New York business man the problem in
rltlea of how to meet the Increased cost
of living lilts hardest the people who are
fairly well educated. Including artists,
clerks and the average run of professional
men, with young lawyers In the lead.
Similarly an ardent suffragist declared
that there has been a falling off of late
in the number of marriages of women of
good education and that it Is directly at
tributable to the Increased cost of living
and not to a drop In sentiment or a lessen
ing regard for the marriage tie.
This woman bristled at the mere sug
gestion that the large number of single
self-supporting women enrolled under the
equal suffrage banner indicated a distaste
for matrimony. Said she:
"The presence of so many unmarried
women at equal suffrage meetings Indi
cates merely among other things that the
piesent economic conditions have not been
favorable to matrimony among thinking,
educated women fairly well equipped to
earn their own living.
"Fortunately or unfortunately, accord
ing to one's point of view, economic ques
tions Interfere very little if at all with the
matrimonial plans of the uneducated, the
non-thinking class. Nowadays a woman
with a good working knowledge of arith
metic and mind enough to use it Is apt to
do some figuring before undertaking to
stretch a small Income to cover rent, food
and clothes bills for two persons, and the
result of her figuring, if she Is ambitious.
Is llkety to keep her out of matrimony.
"She may be romantic without altogether
forgetting the fact that landlords and mer
chants usually do business on a cash
basis. This Is true, at least, of the New
York women of this class. In rural places
it may be different.
'Old-fashioned .ptrsons often have an ex
asperating way of telling about the small
Incomes on which our grandmothers man
aged to bring up a large family, forgetting
that relatively these incomes were larger
than the Incomes women of the same social
class have today.
"With rents and food prices continuing to
rise of course the number of bachelor
women is increasing fast, and It is women
of the sort I have in mind rather than
men who are the least Inclined these days
to hazard matrimony or. what they con
sider a too small Income."
Concerning the relative size of the in
comes of a couple of generations ago and
those of today the business man referred
to thought that the suffragist had stated
the case correctly, parlcularly as regards
dry goods clerks and salesmen, whose In
crease of pay has no kept pace with that
"Generally speaking," said he, "whole
sale and retail dry goods men are paid
about 26 per cent more today than forty
years ago, whereas carpenters, painters,
plumbers, bricklayers, stonemasons and
others get pretty nearly 60 per cent more.
Supposing they have steady work, the lat
ter are the class of the community least
of all affected by the higher cost of living,
the price of their work having kept pace
with the advanced price of food and higher
"This Is one reason why so few promis
ing young men now want to learn the dry
goods business, which more and more every
year is passing Into the hand of women.
One of these days, I predict, there will
practically be nothing but women clerks In
the retail dry good business.
"Suppose that today a young man gets
$1,200 a year for selling goods s againM
$900 paid lor the time work thirty odd years
ago. The Increased pay is offset by the
rise in the price of board in the same time,
which in a fairly good place, to quote bot
tom prices, is about 60 per cent. When I
a young man clerks could board for $3
a week more comfortably than they now
This is the BEST OPPORTUN
ITY you will ever have to
DOUBLE YOUR MONEY! For
$50, $100 or $1,000, you can
make sure of enormous profits.
What we lose YOU GAIN. The
lure of gold; the wish for a com
petence; the confident looking
forward to an easy old age; these
are the sentiments that animate
you, as they animate all men.
Your savings, at 3 ; In a year
your hundred In savings bank
earns for you THREE DOLLARS.
A few pounds of sugar; a dozen
pounds of coffee, and the year's
earnings are eaten up.
You can NEVER MAKE ANY
MONEY by toll alone. You have
tiOT TO LET YOUR HEAD
It's when your ravings are IN
VESTED that you begin to MAKE
MONEY. Let YOUR MONEY
WORK FOR YOU; then you will
nfed to work lessi.
You would like to feel that
YOUR MONEY IS WORKING FOK
YOU, wouldn't you? It will, If
you will let It. Your money will
produce for jou A t;i'AKAXTKKI
INCOME for aa long as you will
keep it INVESTED. And when you
want to let go you can get back
SIX TIMES WHAT YOU PUT IN.
and possibly SIX Hl'NDRKI
TIMES WHAT YOU ITT IN.
Them is no guess work. It is
sure. It is guaranteed.
We need the equipment; HAVE
GOT TO HAVE IT, We are all
ready to reap our profit. BUT WK
can for $7 a week, have better frod and
more of it. which meant that tltey hud
better chance to save money to get married,
to put away a neat sum to d-aw on for
emergenriee. beside fitting tip housekeep
ing qitirters. in those das the rewlv mar
ried a'wsvs went to housekeeping if they
didn't I've w h the old folk. To meet a
bride a:id hi idegroom In a boarding houfe
was unusual. I
"At the time I speak of young profes
sional men were relative.) tei i ; o'., uu'ii
nwo, In this city at least, because there
were fewer of them relatively, considering
even the great difference in population.
Thl l true mire especially of lawyers.
w ho are now gi-jdus ed by hundreds every
year and whose services are not apt to be
In as great demand as those of young doc
tors, which Is not ssylng a grr it deal for
tha young doctors, either. The average
young lawyer In practice less thin half a
doxen years doesn't often earn more than
a good dry goods clerk esrnS. Sometimes
his Income I less."
"That statement Is perfectly true." re
marked the wife of a lawyer who now has
a large and lucrative practice. "When
we were married twenty-five years ago
my husband waa not certain of more than
$1,200 a year. My friends thought me fool
hardy and very likely I might not have
ventured had 1 not had a big. healthy
generous father who was making some
thing more than a bare living for his fam
ily and who I know would stand by us
ehoii'd we get into financial trouble.
"As it turned out my husband was of the
kind that forges right ahead and we never
needed my father'a help. But every lawyer
does not forge right ahead. For years
many a young sawyer and his wife havo
to scrimp and economise and count every
dollar, particularly if they move In good
"I can understand perfectly why the
sort of girl a young lawyer is likely to
a ant for a wife shies at essaying matri
mony on a small, uncertain income with
living prices at a point undreamed of
when I was a young flrl and the standards
of entertaining requiring a keeping up
of appearances away above anything I
had to attempt. Of course I am speaking
of New York girls more especially.
"I am sorry to see so msny fine, well
educated girls giving a cold shoulder to
matrimony and preferring rather to earn
their own living, but honestly I can't blame
them. To marry a man of small Income
and continue to live In New York and set
up housekeeping they must be equal to a
good deal of self-sacrifice as regards per
sonal ease and amusements. It Is popularly
believed that women In love are less cau
tious about rushing Into marriage than
men, but this certainly does not apply to
the fairly well educated New York girl who
Is reasonably certain that if necessary she
can support herself.
"Nowadays It Is rather the young man
in love who is inclined to rush into matri
mony without thinking too hard about
ways and means. For one thing he is less
Informed as a rule concerning household
expenses and consequently more optimistic
about the elasticity of a amall Income than
a girl Is. The twentieth century educated
New York girl even when In Jove is noth
ing If not cautious too cautious as a gen
"Tho other day a young friend of mine
came to tell me In a trembly voice and
looking quit wobegone: 'I have broken
my engagement with Ned.'
"At my astonished exclamation she con
tinued: 'Well, I didn't aee how we oduld
manage to live decently on $2,000 a year,
and as he had a raise of $000 three months
ago. there is no chance of his getting
much more for a couple of years anyway,
and I don't want to be engaged two years.
I don't believe in long engagements.
" 'Besides, Ned Insists on being married
right away. He seems to think we can live
beautifully and entertain our friends on
$2,000 a year, and as I know wo can't, there
was nothing to do but break the engage
ment.' "Then she cried a little Into her hand
kerchief and got up to powder her nose at
"Ned Is an architect worr.ing in an
architect's office. He is only 25 and haa
no money except his salary. In my opinion
he Is a splendid fellow, his enthusiasm for
his work and correct habits promising un
We N eed Your Help
A farmer with a ripe crop of
grain, and no reaper; a farmer
with a crop of ripened hay, and
no mower; a brick-maker with a
quarry full of clay, and no moulds;
a butcher with thousands of cus
tomers, snd no slaughter house
that's our fix. The farmer would
share his wheat with the man who
would reap it, the butcher his
trade with the man who'd supply
Six Hundred Per Cent
PLEASE SEND ME
. 1 l I ... .!
!' v I I I fSK f-ApiaJll.llSj III UI
,. v W
v iiib unuer u
our -vs. Vsmo
profits with you. Address
We can do this and
have a GREAT DEAL
LEFT. WE ARE SURE
OF WEALTH. The great
wealth that lies before us; that
our eyes can see; our hands feel;
that we can STUMBLE OVER
makes us sure; MAKES OUR
GOOD. We NEED YOU TO HELP
supply the reaper; to gather In
Twin Falls, Idaho
doubted success in his piofesslon. II s
flencee. who t the eldest of six children,
has a pleasant home, she moves In good
piliufiv ana rni.ie m v . , . j
In the winter by giving plnno lessons to
the children of two of tier fr'ends. She Is
23 snd verv fond of amusement.
" i think you are making a big mis
take." 1 told her. Poth our mother and
myself bnn housekeeping on a much
smaller Income than that.'
" Thai's what mother savs.' she te- j
turned slowly, 'but living w.n ches per then.
end of cmirse I couldn't get along without
a good servart. and Ned was Just rrsr.v to
go to housekeeping. I havo been counting
up.' she added naively, 'and 1. don't see j
how we could have any fun st all."
"'How did Ned count?' I asked.
" 'Oh. he seemed to think we could do
wonders wlih fc.OOS a year.'
"Seeing that the gill had really decided.
I said no more. After all. I thought, per
haps she Is wise. Who knows?
In comparing the rents of forty years
ago and today In New York John P. Crlm
mins. who has built, sold and rented houses
of all sorts and dr scrlptlons for more than
forty year, put the Increase at from 40 to
SO per cent, according to locality
"For Instance," said he, "thirty-eight or
forty years ubo many of the frame houses
scattered through tha city rented for from
$L'00 to $iV) a year. These were not shan
ties either, but comfortable, substantial
structures, although not equipped with fur
nace, bath room and gas.
"Nioe, light floors In what were called
private houses could he rented for from $6
to $10 a month. These were tenanted gen
erally by the class thai now pays from
$:) to $;"0 a month In uptown apartment
homes, .lialf floors and floors In tene
ment houses, comprising from three to
seven rooms each, were rented from $4 jO
to $7 each.
"Relatively the cost of living has In
creased more for the well-to-do clnss than
for the poorer classes In the last forty
years. I would say that It now costs tin.
luborlng man nearly twice as much to live
and the small clerk or salesman about two
and one-half times ns much, while the
prospirous business snd professlonul mii
has to pay nearly four times as much.
"However, higher rents and food prices
are not wholly responsible for this advance.
Changed conditions of living and a differ
ent style of housekeeping have a lot to df.
with It. When I was a youth most poor
men took a wife expecting to reduce rathei
corn 'as rLaw,
Hi J l.o toasassfaaasj
HAY ltla 'mjrTjT?asaWP
rUPIFY .if ii" J
Urn in. I n.fi imrtuMMKmmmmKm
WHEAT tul SSTw
MlWllajteZ n ., a
We Guarantee 7 Net Money!
The lower Una of the above diagram shows what Irrigated lands will do IN
IDAHO. Irrigated land, (Indicated by the lower black line), produce from
60 to 100 more than dry farms; non-lrrlgated land (Indicated by the
upper line of the above diagram). These are the government figures for last
year's crops. Therefore land security In Irrigated sections Is much better than
In non-irrigated districts. On the Twin Falls Project there are 240,000 acres
of land, watered from Inexhaustible sources. The settlers who come to tho
country who pay for their land NEED MONEY FOR SEED. IMPLEMENTS,
LUMBER AND BUILDING MATERIALS. WHEN YOU LEND MONEY ON
8UCH SECURITY YOU ARE ABSOLUTELY SAFE.
We have & large outlet for such money. Any bank In Twin Falls, Idaho, will
glve-you our responsibility. Integrity and general business character.
You get only 3 from the local savings banks; we guarantee 7. The se
curity is absolute. Write to us and we will explain this in detail. YOU CAN
DOUBLE YOUR MONEY IN IDAHO. You will write about this today? Won't
Irrigated Farms .LlX
TW1N FALLS, IDAHO
Send for a beautifully Illustrated FREE booklet which brings Idaho to yu.
IT'S FREE FOR THE ASKING.
What we need Is a stamp mill!
A STAMP MILL TO GRIND OUT
GOLD! More THAN TEN THOU
SAND DOLLARS In quartz-bearing
rock Is lying on the ore dump
of our mine at JARBIDGE, near
SOUTHERN IDAHO, the STATE
WHICH IS FILLED WITH
MINES! One hundred and ten
miles from a railway, we have
the richest of all mines In that
rich mining district. A STAMP
MILL WE MUST HAVE; A
STAMP MILL WE WILL GET!
For You. Send This
Twin Falls. Idaho.
your guarantee and
- .. J i f v. : .. . ... .
i ...... (
get In NOW.
Or you tan wait
till the opportunity
is gone. You can HELP
REAP THIS HARVEST
OF GOLD. Or you can stay
out. Strictly It is up to YOU.
WE OWN THIS ORE; WE OWN
THE GOLD THAT IS IN THE
ORE. It s true we can do noth
ing without a 'stamp mill. BUT
WE CAN SELL THE ORE NOW
IN SIGHT, ANY DAY FOR WHAT
WE PAID FOR THE MINE.
than to Increase their expenws. A wife
was expected to be a helpmeet. t' put hef
boulder to the w-'ieel along with her hus
band by working In her home w' i he
worked In his shop, store or factor.vA
The demand for cominc. . hi I
apoles Is Increasing We offer
you a chance to secure it com
mercial apple orchard for only
fortv cent per day. Tills sunt
purchases a five aero onli,n,
with the THK.I0H IN, CAKl'.U
FOK FOR FIVK YKAP.S. There
Is no humbug. Put ONE Ht'N
IiRF.D lKll.I.AHe IN TI1K
BANK OF HOI.1.1STKR, H.i
llster, Idaho, and If you AUK
NOT SATISFIKI yov tIKT
YOFR MONF.Y BACK (er
talnlv that's fair. One hundred
dollars Is the caali payment;
take six verrs for the balance.
Yon do NOT take n chance
when you buy orchard lend.
The results ore AHSdl.VTI'.
l.Y CICHTAIN. Western oreh
aids. In other sections. HAVK
PAID AS HIOH AH $,1.0n(l no
per vear NF.T. ynr .v
K A 8 I I. Y P R O V K THIS
Trees eight years old. planted
48 trees to the acre yield n
boxe of apples TO' Till'
THF.B. At $l.r,n PIT boT
THIS I ft AN ixrnur:
THHF.F. THOT'SANM TWO
IM'VliRKn AV1 Vi-.HTY lull,.
I.ARS. Our FRKR booklet toll'
At. I, shout this opportunity
Hend for It r.HJTIT NOW, TO
DAY. Thus Fortune beckons.
Twin Filli land & Orchard Co.
r. i.esanr, PTesldsnt.
Twtn rails, ldftn0
The Jarbldee-Pavlak Is the
VERY BEST PROPERTY IN THE
SENSATION A L NEW GOLD
FIELDS of Southern Idaho and
Northern Nevada. IT IS IN THE
HEART OF THE DISTRICT. The
Bourne mine, the Pick and Shovel,
and other promising prospects lie
all around tm. THE JARBIUGE
PAVLAK IS IN THE HEART OF
THE DISTRICT. On one of these
mines there are twenty-one leases.
Our nropertv Is free to mine. WE
HAVE MINED IT. J. II. Price,
the famous mining engineer, says
we have hundreds of thousands of
dollars In sight. OUR SHAFT IS
SUNK. OUR ORE BODY HAS
BEEN MARKED OUT. AVE HAVE
TEN THOUSAND DOLL-ARM OX
THE ORE DUMP. But we can
not send the ore to a smelter.
There la no transportation. We
hev SPENT Ot'R OWN MONEY
IN DEVEIAOPMENT WORK. Anl
now we want to GET A STAMP
MILL TO GET OCR MONEY
BACK: TO GO ON WITH DEVEL
OPMENT WORK. We will Hhare
this money with you. We will
sell Just enough of our stock to
a-et that Htninn mill AND NOT
ONE SINGLE SHARE MORE. We
will let ro of not one share more
than Is nocessnrv. We have IN
VESTFO OUR OWN MONEY. WE
PELIEVE IN IT. WE KNOW IT
IS GOOD. Here Is our nlan: Th
ONE DOLLAR shares we will sell
for fifteen cents. liny as man
Fhsres as you wish: wend THREE
CENTS for each share von want,
to buv; GIVE US THE NAME OF
VOI'P OWN HANKEfL WE WILL
RfND THE STOCK TO HIM. To
HIM you can pay the other twelve
rnts. The moment the stamn mill
la nn w hgln to pav dividends.
THEN YOU GET YOUR DIVI
DENDS .H'ST AK WE GET OURS.
Send THREE CENTS PER
RvtARF TODAY, M,e nam- of
VOl't) P'V'KKl) snd von RKGIV
TO SHARP: THE PROWTTS OF
GOLD MINE WITH TEN THOU
SAND DOLLARS LYING ON ITS
DUMP. PFND TODAY Pend rlht
now. VOU CAN'T LOSE. And for
everv fifteen cents vou put in
YOIT GET ONE DOLLAR BACK.
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