Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 09, 1910, EDITORIAL, Page 14, Image 14
14 Tilt; I IKK: OMAHA. SATIKDAY, APUIL ! 1'JIU. 'Hik omaiia Daily Hee vuvMtni) uv l.mvAitu f.osi.watk.k. victok koskwa n.it, fuitoh. Emend at Omul. a puslufflce as second class inauei. Ttl'iM.S OK sril.-CHlFTloN. I., i- ilnc;idini, Sunday), p r week j li.c (vmiiiikji Snndnj). Pr we ...V. I'Biiy i,tv: t.inuut .-uii.cUyj V, HI . ' ' I 'an. li. aim Sunday, one ar l.hi.l hilKU UV CAIUUKU. .,1111.111 suiki.iv). I-r week.'.c Evrii,i,a ic (Ann tiiiiuayi, i Mindii, one e.i r wsia... $-:" l.jU Aulna ail cuinpiainis l In r" KS 1,1 leaver lo city Circulation 1 ' paruueni,. OFFICES. ( mm ha -The liee Building. N Souui oniaiiu-1 veiLV-fo'iriri ana t. i (I'liii'li limits li Scott street. . .ik I .it 1 1 MiilldWK .... i-..s Mamm i'f im-ldliig M , ....... I;n.,iiis l!n'.-l lOJ u .'.4 We ' V..VihMon-iii Fourtei nlh Street. S. VA CtHlliESPONPEM . ...... ...-., ipl.itlni: In news ami imi.iwi should be addie.ised. Omaha Do-, i.dnonal Department. KKMITIANCEH. nt.l nriler It, nil I'M . Jim i.,.iy bv uiutt. expos-, oi -- lu ,,, lice i'ulilh". V'l" r of B.uinpM i.s. l' it except on ma. i mcuouii.s. i . itejiiHi ' , ..t-d, irnajia ui .-.ht, i n exenunge, OP ClKCUbATlON. oTATEMF.ST a. Doug.aa w"'"'', -.;L, VJCOl .v 42.870 !, 43.110 45,770 4a, 610 44,760 tu.bucl 4!4,Bt)0 41,600 42,940 4o,7Bl) 48,710 4-UtlO 4U,biO 4U,bO 41,700 43,130 43,030 43,090 4100 43,140 4 11,830 43,490 48,690 i. . . . . . I . t. . . . It). . U. . 11. , li.. 14.. lo. . 1 IK li it vl .ti 43,690 44.C30 41,400 i 7 Ju 43,770 j0 43,410 1X 43,700 1,338,400 . 10,730 I'....le3l.6,,a Total Unturned copies Nut total uaily averata. OKO. B. TiiSCHUCK. Trcaautar. tSutiacrlbed lo vny preaence and aworn lo belora ma tbla Slat day ot WartU. j mi i). L P. WJUiKtK. Notary i-ublio. Subacrlbera tearing the city tem porarily ahould have The Bee mailed to them. Addreaa will be changed aa often aa requeated. It is not the first howled. time Rome has The colonel and the cardinal, alliteration, anyway. Good Isn't It about time for us to build tho Platte river power canal again? llow big is Omaha? See if you can beat the census man to the answer. Chicago proposes to establish a club for stage women. Looks like a direct slap at Reno. So long as Maude Adams plays tha role of "Chantecler" her sister actors cannot call her an old hen. Now, if Mr. Bryan should repudiate that alleged Porto Rico interview what a commotion there would be. The secretary of the Mabray club Is called for in Hot Springs. Probably to read the minutes or the last meet tng. Looks as. if the immunity bath had won when a "high up" offers no de fenso to the charge that he gave a bribe of $20,000. The Columbus street carmen have proved the possibility of some good strikes by settling their differences within a day or two. Perhaps authorities who prohibited the sale of liquor at the Jeffrles- lohnson fight merely took that gentle way of barring razors. Our new pay-as-you-enter street cars have solved the end-seat hog problem. There are no end-seat hogs because there are no end seats. Help make Omaha look more like a city beautiful by beautifying your own premises without waiting for your neighbor to set the pace. Omaha's tlaily real estate transfers may not be in such big figures, but there are lots of them and the aggre gate Is really impressive. M. l.ouis jeatousy nas been so troused by Pittsburg that the Missouri metropolis has managed to land Its chief cf police In court for a trial. Colouel Roosevelt also showed hi sincerity by taking Mrs. Roosevelt for a quiet spin along "Honeymoon Route soon after (he Merry Del Val incident. These ret en t destructive fires ought .o emphasize The Bee's demand for en argement of the fire limits that were Mxed for Omaha more than fifteen yeart ago. Kantas City's new mayor is said to have 6old his home to pay his cam paign assessment. What does it cost to run for mayor down there? Or are Monies so cheap? James A. Patten has given the best eason for stopping the abuses of tho itock ! market because "lotting ' $2, 000,000 iu this sort of a fight Is no more to me t'.ian losing a dime woul.l be to you." Tha new freight depot put up by the Vortha-esieru road less than two years go ! already proving Inadequate to tha traffic demands. The trouble Is the most farslghted of us have fallen far thort of correctly gauging the rate of Omaha's business expansion. ...on,. .., i..-t me actual n"'",,0,, luu mi lornp.eiu copies ol 1 ne a uuiuiK u. luuiull ut MalcU. 1K1. a tuuoH. I Time Limit on Cold Storage. Colli FtorBRC of fotirt prtxluct i a boon to mankind, provided It is not used ns n ltvfr for ndvarielnK prlres. When it works hh a monopoly, it not only Ftrikes at the pocketbook of i ... ...... rnr..;i. I.nt hndnniira f)ia jr-lj inn.., , , wn. i I health. The senate eonimiltoe on tne I rost of living 3 right, therefore, iu ;tnailiiR rold storage from a hygienic ns well ns an economic standpoint and lu giving serioin attention to tho pro posal to put on a time limit. The abuaes of the rold storage busi ness have led to rharges of all aorta. Speculation In the staples of life U bad enough, but hen It Involves th public health It becomes Intolerable. Senator Lodge in presenting the com- mlitii.'i bill well nara "a limitation of time during which perishable arti cles of food, and more especially meat products, may bo retained In cold ator age would be hyglenlcally of very great value and would tend to check many physical ' troublea which are brought by those who have examined the question, to b attributable to the practice of keeping meats, particu larly, In cold atorage for a long time." A bill ia now before congress and other reforms are being promulgated to protect and conserve public health. The aenate committee Is charged with, investigating only pricea and the cost of living, but It has skillfully widened the scope of its powers to include the hygienic aspect and it recommends legislation In this direction "at the earliest possible moment." If the law becomes effective soon after congress adjourns it may upset the plans of the food speculatora to corner the market and afford unexpected relief to the householder. A F&nnerV University. Many agencies have been exerting themselves for the farm and farmer's uplift, but now the farmer himself has taken an active hand In the move ment. Impelled by James J. Hill's cry of "Back to the farm," 2 50 so cieties, representing 8,000,000 farm ers, will meet in St. Louis next month and lay the foundation of a plan to establish the American Agri cultural university, where they will educate young men to be practical tillers of the soil. The movement has official support through the secretary of agriculture, who, together with the president, will attend the convention. The proposition Is to locate the uni versity in St. Louis as a central point accessible to farmers from all parts of the country. The university Idea is the direct product of the general determination to turn the tide from the cities to the country as an Im portant step in solving the economical problems of present and future, chief of which is the high cost of liv ing. The plan for this university does not ignore the fact that state institu tions are already doing a similar work, but contemplates a much broader scope of Instruction. It proposes, not so much to teach young men about farming as to teach them and Induce them to be farmers, to actually send them back to the farms as mission aries. It will take students from the city as well as the country. These 2 50 societies, with their membership al ready of 8,000,000, are expected to contribute to its support and the gov ernment, of course, will be asked to give financial aid. Thus far with our Country Life commission, our state agricultural colleges, expositions and agricultural evangelists, led on by Mr. Hill, we have been unable to check urban con gestion. The best minds have long ago agreed that the question Is a seri ous one, and if this American Agri cultural university scheme can do what no other agency has done It will have earned no end of credit marks. The School Attendance Mystery. The publication by The Bee of the figures of the average daily attendance in the Omaha public schools year by year as a guide for census estimates lias started numerous Inquiries for an explanation. Notwithstanding the evi dence of growth in every direction, the school attendance for last year seems to be practically the same as what it was ten years ago, the variations up and down during all that time being hardly worth taking into account. The average daily attendance of pu pils in Omaha's public schools In 1900 was 14,664 and in 1909 14.886. In that period new kindergartens have been added, the high school has been enlarged, truant officers have been em ployed, the juvenile court has been de veloped and laws have been enacted prohibiting the labor of children under 16 years of age all calculated to In crease the number of children In the schools and the number of years the children stay in school. During this entire period the annual number of births hus been steadily Increasing and the proportion Of children among the newcomers from outside must certainly have been maintained. Over against this ,we can point to one or two counterbalancing condi tions. First, the marked lncwase in population in our immediate adjoining suburbs, where, no doubt, some of the children are at school who would oth erwise have been attending the public schools In this city had their parents net ' removed outside the city limits. Again there is every reason to believe that the private and parochial schools have a much better record of attend ance to show, both absolutely and by coinparleon, this being the natural re bult of prosperous times, making par ents feel Justified In paying tuition for having their children instructed in pri vately maintained sihools. T'ieee surely are miileallng clrcuiu- stances, but they do not wholly solve the mystery where the school children have gone, and why the public school attendance shows no greater growth. It sneras to us that here is a subject which will well repay careful study on the part of our school authorities. Consult on Canadian Tariff. The progress made toward the United States-Canadian tariff agree ment is encouraging, but greater diffi culties lie beyond. The United States thus far has had only Canada to con sider. In negotiating the treaty we, must fpee the delicnte task of avoiding offense to Germany, France and even Great Britain. We could not receive from or grant to Canada extensive tariff rights without straining rela tions with the other powers and this the United States cannot afford to do. Against amicable relations with these countries we have to consider the vast development of Canada, in which the states have not only the lion's share, but a real responsibility. The task then calls for every pre caution to avoid error. It is necessary to have a treaty that will meet present needs and provide for future growth. The New York Commercial has pro posed a plan for safety to the two countries. It suggests that Canada and the United States, through vari ous public or quasi-public Industrial and commercial bodies, arrange for a conference where the mutual Interests concerned in treaty-making could be thoroughly discussed. Then when these business men have reached their conclusions let them, through their delegates, meet with the government officials charged with the negotiation and give them the benefit of their counsel. A treaty of such far-reaching effect as this should not be made without consulting the business Interests of both countries, and this seems to offer a practical way of doing this. Should It be adopted, the first step will be to select the conferees and it goes with out saying that every Interest and sec tion of country would have to be given a fair representation. Still Chaotic in Britain. The turmoil in British politics, which is still chaotic, has brought out clearly the fact that the majority of English voters are aa much opposed to Irish home rule as they were in Mr Gladstone's day. It develops that Mr. Asquith has so far failed to satisfy the conflicting parties. He was generous with his promises to the nationalists for their support, but could not command their votes on any measure that would meet the Irish view. The worst phase of the situation la that the Irish them selves are divided on the question of what shall be done for them, the Dillon and Redmond forces having been utterly unable to agree. The popular feeling now favora abandon lng temporarily the fight for home rule lest other things of value to Ire land be lost. Many Irish leaders have come to believe that there is no sin ceie intention in England ever to grant actual home rule. Great Britain, indeed, finds itself confronted by an unsettled political outlook. Some predict another elec tion in a few mouths and many put it not later than next fall. No party has a majority in the House of Commons and the ministry has scant hopes of carrying out Its program. Falling to do so it would have to appeal to the country once more and It could scarcely expect as large a measure of endorsement as it received at the last election. In the face of such a condition it Is not only impossible to proceed with home rule legislation, but with any other on which there' is disagreement With the liberal forces apparently divided, not even the budget has been able to get through. The fact is, there Is no definite and controlling leader ship, unionist or liberal. National War on the Fly. The people of the United States are to be asked to join In the national warfare for the extermination of the house fly begun in Washington under the auspices of the National Civic as soclatlon. The crusade is to be ex tended to every state and local boards of health will be urged to give their co-operation for a serious, systematic campaign to destroy what has come to be regarded as one of man's most dan gerous enemies. In cities where so much has been made of typhoid fever recently people should be specially prompt to take up this work of suppressing one of the great distributers of disease germs. The moving picture will be used in theaters and other convenient places to show the contaminating powers and habits of the fly. The insect will be magnified to the size of a hen and ex hibited walking across a dining table with Its feet full of germs. It will be the purpose to make the picture emphasize the evils, so as to arouse the people to the importance of Imme diate and thorough action. The asso ciation believes that if its crusade suc ceeds it will have done as much to Improve the sanitary conditions ot the country aa any single movement has yet accomplished and made compara tively easy by Its example lo education future work along this line. Dr. L. O. Howard of the bureau of entomology estimates that the people spend 110,000,000 annually for screens to keep the fly out of their homes. Yet they neither succeed In that nor In protecting themselves from its ravages. But the same authority says that if the people will follow the directions of their boards of health under the Instructions of this tani- paign they will not only protect their lives, but save tiieir screen money. i Our Nebraska corrupt practices act puts a pinalty on the promise of ap pointment to office, or other valuable ronsideration, as an inducement for votes for support. Just prior to the South Omaha election a chronic office holder made public announcement that he would bo the deputy if the demo cratic candidate for treasurer were elected. The democrntlc candidate for treasurer was elected apd has Just con firmed the prediction by the announce ment of his choice of deputy. Only circumstantial evidence, of course. Chicago is doing things by censor ship these days, it has the police for censors of its theaters and now pro poses to appoint censors at the bathing beaches to Inspect the costumes worn by the fair ones and also the sterner ones, it should not be hard to find ellgibles to fill this latter position. In quiet, quaint old Springfield, Mass., they are discussing the advisa bility of householders arming them selves at night against marauders. If this were in Elko, Nev., it might sound more like reality, but coming Trom the heart of the effete east It sounds like a paradox. The Federated Improvement club has reaoluted against voting any more bonds for public school buildings until we get a new school board that will treat the club's committee with greater deference and courtesy. An apology from the school board is In order. The bonding company auditors have put their O. K. on the books and ac counts of State Treasurer Brian. The people of Nebraska made no mistake when they put the state's strong box in Mr. Brian's custody. Conditions must be fairly good throughout the country when demo crats feel rich enough to Indulge In so many dinners In spite of the high cost of living. Try Work. Wall Street Journal. It la to be hoped that directions on how tho consumer Is to obtain the materials will follow the publication of Uncle Sam's cook book. A Gentle Hint. Washington Herald. If Mr. Ballinger should suddenly pull the bell cord and get off. It is barely pos sihle that the engineer would ask no era barrasflng questions, anyway. Startling; Innovation. Brooklyn Eagle. Some of the frankest, heart-to-heart ad vertlslng Is being done by the public serv ice corporations. It is a wise corporation that forestalls Its own muckraking by telling a plain tale easily verified by its books. Frowning; on Publicity. St. Louis Republic. We trust that a ribald and sensational press may have the decency to respect Mr. Roosevelt's natural shrinking from publicity In all matters pertaining to his relations with Important dignitaries, civil and ecclesiastical. Ilryau as a IlevlvalUt. St. Paul Pioneer Press. A dispatch from New York Bays that Mr. Bryan Is planning to retire from active political affairs to engage In church work That may be true, but he muBt still be considered a very important factor In democratic politics. He may not be the next nominee of his party for president, but the man named will have to secure Mr. Bryan's approval. Name Old Mnsxle. Indianapolis News. There was a touch of Cannonlsm In the republican convention. After the platform was read the previous question was moved, and carried, though many voted no. Thus debate was cut off, and the possibility of a minority report was excluded. This hardly seems to consist with the theory, so ably advocated by Senator Beverldge and for which the Insurgents are supposed to stand, that the people should rule. Breaklnit Into lliioket Shops. Philadelphia Record. The administration is to be congratulated on the thoroughness with which it attained the object sought. The blow to the bucket shop system Is a fatal one, and if the pursuit of the stragglers Is as determined as was the Inception of the plan and the preliminary campaign, It can but prove a complete and lasting success. The Depart ment of Justice Is engaged In other cam palgns, and this criterion speaks well for the sucesg of its operations. Wataon'a Voire Uplifted. ("an Francisco t'hronlole. Tom Watson is being heard from again. He is onoe more lifting up his voice Jn favor of greenbacks and is denouncing as dangerous lo the republic the proposition to create a great central bank. Tom say that Andrew Jackson is as much alive to day as he ev.r was and that he will help the greenbarkers to -lestrny the awful con spirucy which hus for its object the crea tion of a banking system w hich will enable Americans to cope with foreigners in the markets of the world. HreiiUlnw l'i Bucket Shops. 1'hliurlelphla Record. The attempt of the federal authorities to break up interstate bucketshop gambling Is an txleushjii of Its activity Into a new field of interstate commerce. It Is much to be deired that the crusade may be wholly successful. The bucketshop profits are altogether derived from gamesters whi cannot afford to lose. The arrest of Ih bucketshop professionals Is a fine deter rent move, but not near as decisive aa wil be the proposed Intention to cut off th wire service. The bucket shops would fin new keepers, but they could not well d business without aid of the whvs Our Birthday Book April , 110. Jacob Fawrett. Judge of the Nebraska nupreme court, was born April 9, 147. Ha Is a native of Wisconsin and served during the war, enlisting at the age of 14. He has been practicing law. before going on the bench, since 187.1. Rev. Robert I.. Wheeler, paalnr of tha First Presbyterian church at South Oiimha, was Vm April . Ittl. al Richland Center, Mo-, gn.i tutu been active In public affair., in Siju h onwlia fur many yrsra. In Other Lands Bid X,lrht oa What ta Trans, plrlnff Amour ha Hear and far Hatlona of tha Bartn. The protests against the pro-Brltlah perch of Theodore Rmwevrlt uttered by ho Egyptian at Cairo possess deeper sig nificance than Is usually arcorded an ahu lltlon of nationalism. The protesta voiced the spirit now vivifying the greater part of the Mohammedan world. To a limited degree It Is the American spirit of "home ule" so often heard In protest ngainst the mercenary measures of selfish legislators. In the old world It Is Intensified by mon- archlal tyranny and the exclusion of the people from participation In the making of laws for their own welfare. The awak ening In nations hitherto regarded as pawns for world powers centers In demands for constitutional government. A constitution is to them a charter of liberty as dear as tho declaration of Independence Is to Americans. No matter how limited the concessions a constitution may grant, it serves aa wedge to split monarchial abso lutism. To appreciate the extent to which the cry of Cairo nationalism ramifies the old world, note what Is going on. China, the awakening giant of the east, is pledged to a constitution eight years hence. Native India, In a ferment against alien rule, has forced from Qreat Britain legisla tive concessions which make for home rule. The exiled shah of Persia and the prisoner of Salonika are examples of the royal conceit that both Persians and Turks were unfit for constitutional government. Both tyrants were forcibly shown the error from power. Even In Russia, where abso lutism has Its greatest grip, constitutional government has made distinct advances through the legislative wisdom of the Duma. Progress Is necessarily slow. Inex perience encounters many pitfalls. The grip or rulers, whether alien or native. Is ever tenacious. But the signs In the older world, from tha Nile to the Ganges, are heartening to the hosts of liberty In the new world. The rock-ribbed financial strength of Qreat Britain and its ability to bear the additional taxes proposed by Chancellor Lloyd-Oeorge is strikingly portrayed by Frederlo Austin Ogg In the American Re view of Reviews. "As as matter of fact," says the writer, "Great Britain never poa seesed elements of strength equal to those of today. A population of 20,000.000 in 1815 has Increased to one of 44,000,000. In 1815 the nation's accumulated wealth was under 3,000,000,000; as late aa 1845 It was only 4,000,000.000; in 1882, according to Mulhall, it was S, 720, 000,000; today It is variously esti mated at from 12,000,000.000 to 15,000,000.000. The yearly addition to this accumulated wealth in 1815 was 60,000,000; today it Is 300,000,000, or six times as much. The total foreign Investment of British subjects, almost a negligible quantity 100 years ago, is now estimated at 2,700,000.000, upon which there is an annual Income of not less than 140.000,000. During the last six years the placement of British capital In foreign countries, largely suspended during the previous decade, has been resumed on a stupendous scale, greatly to the Improve ment of foreign trade, and distinctly to the encouragement of public and private thrift. At least 100.000,000 were Invested abroad In 1908, and approximately the same amount in 1909. These are merely a few of tho more obvious evidences of the financial power of the nation." The energetic opposition which the French Catholics mean to offer to the educational policy of the French government was In dicated In the speech which M. Grasseau, the well-known professor of the University of Llllo, delivered in the Chamber the other, day. The government bill, he said, was a measure of resplsals which tended to op press the consciences of parents. In order to justify this measure the reporter had depreciated the Instruction given by the re ligious orders. These professors of the ecoles llbres were terrible rivals whom the state had got rid of solely by the drastic device of exile. Their property has been handed over to the liquidators, the nature of whose operations was now becoming manifest. The attitude of the Catholics was legitimate, Blnce they defended the liberty of the parent. In the name of what principle could the state fine and Im prison parents who acted In obedience to their conscience? The will of an entire people could not render, Just what was un just. M. Grousseau added that not only would he himself disobey the law were It votea. dui ne would do what he could to Induce a good many others to disobey it. The disobedience of an Individual was an offence, but disobedience on the part of 100,000 men waa known as "a movement of opinion" and might exercise Its Influence In Parliament. He and his friends intended iu arouse xne uacnouc youth all over France In a campaign on behalf of truth and Justice until the Iniquity consecrated by the law had been redressed. The ma jonty mignt oppress the Catholics, but could never enslave them. fear or violent death at the hands of some enemy so noticeable In Abdul Hamld ...1.11.. . . m . ... nun ouiiun oi jumfy nas become a mania Blnce his forcible retirement from uuuuc me. jb me eieoi 01 Allan occupy ing the Ylldli Kiosk scores of faithful servitors guarded his person from violence leaving only the poison route from the kitchen the main source of alarm. All food brought to him there was tested for dangerous lngredknts before reaching the royal palate. Within the bounds fo hi palace prison at Saloinka the deposed sul tan has neither guard nor cook of his own selection, consequently his fear of violent death Is painfully acuta. He is living In dally terror of assassination. He Is said to have shrieked for help at the sight of his little son, Abdur Rahitn, with a toy pisioi in ins nana, a passing ship Is a source of great consternation In his breajtt portending an immediate attack upon him Tha overhauling of the drainage system in the neighborhood where he Is Isolated Is to lilm a sign of a plot to flood his house with water and thus accomplish his d?ath Abdul wanders about his house, starting at strange noises and the rreaklngs of the stairs. When he pauses a mirror he shrinks at his own reflection. A strange contiast does It furnish to th Abdul of old Inso lent with power, guarded by an army and alashlrig right and left. How are the mighty fallen! Sir Christopher Furness, head of the English shipbuilding firm of Furness, Withy & Co.. has been forced to abandon an experiment in co-operative Industry marled a year ago. He aimed to give his employes an Interest In the business of the firm, hoping thereby to eliminate labor wars and strife In the shipyard. Sir Christopher asked that the co-operative plan, involving tha investment of small urns In the buslnesa by the workman and tha payment of I per cent dlvldtnds thereon In addition to tha regular wages, bs tried for one year. Tha workmen agreed, on J their aide, not to airika during tha Ufa of j the experiment, but to adjust their differ- j ences with the managers through a Joint i uui.i w vuin uiuiiuii. i ne isiiure is uuf i considerably. It would appear, to the trade unions. Tha trade union leaders originally opposed tha scheme on the ground that such projects of partnership and profit sharing would tend to leave tiad' unlont . IIIWIII IW 1 111111- Ill J lift: I lljiwtoteEtei; The report made to the Comptroller giving condition at closo of business March 29, 1910, shows: Cash and Reserve Loans and Discounts Deposits Total Assets 31 Interest paid on Time Certificates of Deposit. with no reason for existence, but their protesta were overborne by a majority of the employes of tike Furness concern. 11 now appears that the Influence of the trade unionists has increased during the year, owing probably to the continuing de pression In the Industry. Employment by the firm was not so general as had been .anticipated. The outcome Is discouraging to Sir Christopher Furness. who made a sincere attempt to alleviate conditions ad verse to the Industrial supremacy of Great Britain. I Wlinili; AltE THE HOME FOLKS f Bryan Approaching; Antlve Shores and .Nothing: Doing;. Washington Post. Mr. Bryan shrinks from a demonstration or welcome upon his return from foreign parts. His pockets bulge not with manu script advocating government control of railroads. He has not hired Madison Square garden to fill with his hitherto never-falling voice. His only thought Is to land and get away not In a Queensberry sense, but literally. Quickly as he can entrain for Nebraska the Journey west will begin. The dust of Gotham shall not have- time to gather on his feet. Why this resolve? Has the perpetual candidate come to the fag end of perpet uity? That is it. In a letter to Chairman Mack, declining a publlq reception upon his arrival In New York, Mr. Bryan gives as the reason therefor that he fears it would be open to misconstruction. In other words, people would think he was out for a fourth nomination for the presidency. This renunciation of honors goes far to confirm previous reports to the effect that Mr. Bryan will stand aside In 1912, and will surport the choice of his party for presi dentpreferably Governor Harmon. Also, It betrays the fact that Mr. Bryan treas ures tho belief that he has a cinch on the nomination If he wants It. Now, Mr. Bryan Is clearly mistaken. The drift from him waa apparent from the day of his last stunning defeat, and it has been gathering volume and crystallisation as time speeds on. His name Is rarely, If ever, mentioned by any democrat In congress, and the same la true elsewhere at party banquets and on the stump. It does not appear that this is done in pursuance of any understand ing In the matter. It is by general consent. Certainly, Mr. Bryan retains the admira tion and following that his personality at tracted to him, and doubtless always will, but as an overshadowing political entity, as the chief asset of the national democ racy, he has passed. GREAT COXSl'MIXG NATION. Phenomenal Expansion of American AarrlcnKnre and Industries. San Francisco Chronicle. The United States Is becoming a great consuming nation, but that fact does not prevent the growth of her exports of agri cultural products. In 18fjl-lS.V, when for eign economists were advising us that the proper course for Americans to pursue would be to devote themselves to agricul ture, we were shipping to foreigners farm products to the average value of $3.Sj per capita annually. In 1901-1303 the annual average per capita export of farm products had increase to t0HS. and since 1905 It has been still greater. It Is In the highest de gree Improbable that any such quantities of agricultural products as we are now sending abroad would have been produced In this country If we had taken the bad advice of rr free traders, who Imagined that the development of American manu factures would retard the cultivation of the land. To the diversification of our Industries more than to any other cause Is owing the phenomenal expansion of American agriculture, which enables us to Bpare a large quantity for export. Had we made the blunder of neglecting the develop ment of all our resources, the probabilities are that we should still be a country In the same class as Turkey or Uracil, whose populations are wholly dependent on agri culture. Successful manufacturing and mining enterprises are a stimulus to agri cultural production, and never militate against the prosperity of the farmer, ex cepting In countries like England, where he Is discriminated against to favor the manufacturer. t Increased Tostofflce Earnings. New York Tribune. The federal treasury ha been helped In the last six months by the surprising earn ings of the Postofflce department, finally the postofflce runs behind from $13,000,000 to $30,000,000 a year, the deficit for 1908-09 having been $17,000,000. The treasury has to meet postal deficits out of Its ordinary teceipts. This year, however, the postal service has been almost s.if-sustalnlng. The loss on the operatlims of the first six months was only $4,071,000, against S10.2H4.OIX) for the same period in 1K0S-O9. The last quarter showed a aurplus of $2,111,000. Probably the happy day is not far distant when the Postofflce department wiil be able not only to give mure liberal service but to pay Its own way. $500 PIANO PLAYER, $375 On 02 Weekly Payments A, IIOSPG CO., 1513 Douglas Street $50 in Cash Capital ,$500,000,00 Surplus & Profits 700,000,00 $ 4.710,179.09 7.832.080.57 184.108.40.206 13.637,090.11 POLITICAL DRIFT. The promised libel suit against Collier s weekly is esteemed, by that publication a a fine line of front-page advertising. Hon. Bathhouse JohtV Coughlln, poet laureate of Chicago, has beeu re-elected to the city council. To reciprocate the good will of the voters, the Hon. Bathhouse will Issue his "pomes" In book form." Surviving friends of the lata Senator Piatt are endeavoring to keep alive the famous "Amen Corner," wherein they nodded when the bass winked. They look forward hope fully for absent treatment. "The American Flag," a booklet issued at Cleveland in the Interest of ship subsidy legislation, has suspended publication, and the editor, one Ponton, Is under Indictment In Washington charged with libelling con gressmen. An election to fill the vacancy in the thirty-second congress district of New York is booked for April 19. George W. Aldridge, republican nominee. Is being attacked by republicans as a pulltlcan of the Alld's type, and Is mixed up In the Investigation Into purchased Insurance legislation. His op ponent Is Jamus S. Havens, a Cleveland democrat. I'nder the regime ot Emll tifldel, socialist mayor-elect of Milwaukee, the Cream City Is promised a revolution of sociability and good things generally. Among the pledged reforms are penny lunches, a seat for every passenger on street cars, 3-cent fares, municipal coal and wood yards, free water for widows who wash for a living, and work for the unemployed at union wages. New York Street Commissioner Edwards, famed for graduating from a foot ball eleven Into the official duty of street clean ing, is an unusual and surprising official. He asked last winter for an appropriation of $100,0110 to keep the streets clean during the winter. He got the appropriation, kept the streets clean and at the end of the winter season turned Into the city treasury $40,000 of the money unused! SMILING REMARKS. ' "John," exclaimed tho shocked woman, "you are eating with you knife!'1 "I know It. I'm economising. When you eat with your knife you have to learn to bulance your food. You eat less and It takes longer." Washington Mtar. Bacon That dog of mine begins to show almost human Intelligence. Egbert How so? Bacon He hasn't touched a piece of meat In three days ! Yonkers Statesman. "A Cleveland girls, claims to have foriV-flve days. fasted "Poor thing! Why doesn't Bhe quit board ing " Philade.phia Ledger. "The Judge's pretty daughter allows long visits from that rising young lawyer." "Probably he Is merely listening to his arguments for a stay." Baltimore Amer ican. "Have Mr. and Mrs. Squlnchley compro mised their matrimonial troubles yet' 7' "Not quite. They agreed readily enough as to which one was to have the cuBtody of the children, but they don't seem to be able to decide which Is to have the cholca of the automobiles." Chicago Tribune. First Shade What Is the Hall of Fame? Second Shade An apartment house with too many Janitors. "Who's that billionaire with the big tour Itif! car and the two extra tires?" "That's Tennyson Blnks. He's the fellow who Invents the personal and private mem oirs of the world's great featherweights." Cleveland Plain Dealer. "What's Is the cause of that prima don na's Indignation?" "The pii-ss agent," replied the Impresario. "He said she sung like an angel. She says that ull the angels she ever knew couldn t sing. They merely wrote checks." Wash lngton Star. The soeli lv dame was giving a luncheon to the distinguished aviator. "In spite oi the dangers of your occu pation," she said, "there Is an irrlslstlble fascination about It, Is there not, Mr. L'p pengo" "'1 here Is, madam." ho answered. "In fact, does not the excitement of it seem lo be a species of Intoxication'.'" "It does, madam," sighed the aviator, "and sooner or later every one of us takes a drop too much." Chicago Tribune. THE SPRING POET. Pall Mall Gazette. About the time of lamb and mint The vernal poet gives a hint Of wialilng to appear in print. He comes unconscious of his crimes; The Jingle of his bag of rhymes Proclaims his advent here bctlmes- Th ghostly prehistoric ring Of shackled sounds that closely cling. As grass and lass and spring and wing; A sense of greenness In the air, A gusty shape upon the stslr, But darkly seen, then vanished wheret The guardian of the outer door ' Ohsfrves his progress, quaking sore. I'p to the landing, and no more. He reaches not the place of doom Where fitful flashes rend the gloom That clouds tti editorial room. He who compels the lightnings' glare. 1'pon his bolt of blue will swtar The poet never enters there. Yel always with the early mint. Sustained by hope that feels no stint, The bard appears but not In print The fifth prize in the Si hmoller & Muel ler Name Contest. 8end In yours elevan other prices amounting to $1,146.