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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 1, 1910)
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Omaha Daily Bee
THE OMAHA DEE
goes to ihfl homes Is read by tba
women sell3 tcods 'or advertiser.
For Nebraska Ilr and warmer.
Kor Iowr Fair and warmer
For weather :"inrt rp papc I.
VOL. XXXIX XO. 24(5.
OMAHA, FRIDAY MORNING, APKIL. 1, 1910-TWKLVK PAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
. GOOD, SAYS ROOT
Proposed Measure Strongly Supported
by New York Senator in Three
)EFENSE OF THE HERGES CLAUSE
COAL STRIKE IS
IN FULL BLAST
By Uncle Sam
Tracts Were Secured by "Dummy"
Entrymen, Avers Government, and
"t is Filed to Recover.
William H. Buckley and "Andy"
Hamilton Are Exposed as the Two
Twins in Passing Bills.
Two Hundred Thousaud Kintrs Enst
of Mississippi River Leave Work
ings at Nijhtfall.
WELL PAID EMPLOYES, IS SHOWN
TIEUP SLATED FOR SIXTY DAYS
Big Improvement Over Present Law,
is Speaker's Statement.
TRAFFIC AGREEMENT IS GOOD
This Section is Approved on Grounds
COMPETITION INSISTED UPON
Senator Root Sara It Most be Hern
iated, Dot Not to Decrees that
Will Work an
WASHINGTON. March 31. Commanding
Che careful attention of a majority of his
colleague, Senator Root today consumed
three hour of the time of the senate In
continuing his speech In defense of the
administration railroad bill. He again failed
to conclude h remarks.
He defended the merger provision, of the
111 as a great advance over existing law,
Jn that It made the purchase of one com
pany's stock by another an offense. He
argued, however, that such acquisition was
not now Illegal, except as pant of a con.
eriracy. lis also seuported the traffic
agreement section, but expressed a willing
ness to require such agreements to be de
pendent on the a-pproval of the Interstate
Mr. Root emphasised the provision as of
especial Importance. He declared the pres
ent prohibitive act provided Its own viola
tion. This course was most demoralising
and should not be encouraged by failing to
put In the power of the railroad to ob
serve the law and will make their agree
ments. It was better to have the railroads
voluntarily conform to the law than to
have them forced to do eo.
Insists I'pon Competition.
"We Insist upon competition." he con
tinued, "but we prohibit such competition
as -we think Injurious and we lorget that
the railroads themselves may be better
able to enforce the low than can any of
ficer In Washington."
He argued that In many matters the rail
roads were practically required to enter
Into agreement, and so long as this was
true, he said. It was absolutely necessary
that the roads should be authorised to
come together. To do this would bo to wipe
out an anomoly and abu.se.
In reply to an Inquiry from Mr. Rayner,
Mr. Root said he would favor an amend
ment requiring that agreements among rail
roads should have the approval of the In
terstate Commerce commission before going
Into effect. 'II did not, ttowever, regard
1!io addition as of particular importance.
Tbe nnly reason for its Insertion would be
a desire to avoid misunderstanding. The
concession, however, was considered by the
opponents of the bill as Important. Mr. De
pew advocated amending the bill so as to
require governmental approval. He said
he had held to that position fur many years
before lie entered the senate.
'And I believe that is the attitude of
ery railroad man 1 nthe country," he
The Commission's Power.
Senator Clapp eald he would Insist thnt
the bill be so worded as to make agree
ments unlawful unless approved by the
commission. Mr. Root said he never would
consent to give the commission the right
to suspend a rate fixed by a railroad
He would not consent that any official
should fix the railroad rates, but was
willing that the government should su
pervise rates. To do more would be to
change from the American to the Euro
pean system, he said, wtlh government
ownership Inevitably following.
"We all desire the extension of our
system, but we will never say to the
capital of the country that we encourage
its Investment only wtlh the end In view
of concentrating Its control In Washing
ton," said Mr. Root.
Mr. Cummins asked whether there was
any difference In principle In giving the
commission the power to suspend rates
for sixty days for the purpose of in
vestigating and In giving it power to
make an Indefinite suspension.
"The power to render Indefinite sus
pension la the power to render, final Judg
ment," responded Mr. Root, "whereas the
nnwer of temporary suspension Is like
the granting of a temporary Injunction.
The power to suspend indefinitely In
volves the right to suspend without any
Bacon Doesn't Agree.
Mr. Bacon took Issue with Mr. Root's
assertion that the fixing of rates by the
got eminent would lead to government
ownership. He said for thirty years the
railroad commission of Georgia had had
Mr. Root replied that there would be
found to be a vast difference between
Btate and government control. The chief
function of ownership was the fixing of
rat. said. 'and he argued that if
the state could fix rates It could so con
trol them us to reduce them to a point
where It might be necessary to take ab
Mr. AUlrleh asked Mr. Root whether he
wan in favor of giving the Interstate Com
merce commission power to fix the rates
on all railroads of Georgia.
Mr. Root replied he would not favor
turning over control of all the railroads
to the commission.
Mr. Root contended ttat Ihe merger eec-
nm cf the bill did not interfere with the
i.iiiutUm of the anti-trust act. He de
emed the supreme court, in the Northern
Securities caw had not held the purchase
of stock to be contrary to the anti-trust
law. On the contrary it had explicitly held
that congress could not control the mere
acquisition of stock of a railroad corpor
at ion. The offense was in the conspiracy
and U might not always be that the pur
chase of stock was In pursuance or a con
spiracy, or if so, It was not always easy
to prove the fact. He ?td this bill would
it-lleve the government of the necessity of
finding a conspiracy.
From Theory to Practice.
This la no advance," he exclaimed. "It
it- n.trely an advance from the theory to
practice; It la advance from newspaper
disweitloiH to definite l.gtulation. The ser
ious question U whether, under our eursU
tution we can say that the railroad cor-
Continued on Second Page.)
JE, Wyo., March 31-The gov-
y filed suits In the United
V- here to recover title to thou-
s of valuable coal lands In
T- untain district In Corbon
' V N, March 31. The coal and
h the government is seek
t Cormon county, Wyom
a suit filed In the federal
ie, were obtained, it was
said, at the Department of Jcstlee today,
through the medium of dummy entrymen.
These entrymen were rharged with hav
ing been agents of the Northwestern Land
and Iron company, which, with the paten
tees, Is made party to the suit. The land
and Iron company, It was stated, Is a hold
ing corporation for the Denver, Laramie
ct Northwestern Railroad company.
DENVER, March SI. "Nelthr
Northwester Land and Iron compa'.'
the Denver, Laramie & Northwe rn
Dallroad company Is affected In the suit
brought by the government at Cheyenne
today to recover coal and Iron lands."
said A. J. Spengel, terasurer of the for
The suit Is brought against Judge Mll
llken and Charles 8. Johnson as Indi
viduals, and does not Involve the land of
New Jersey Will
Try to Extradite
J. Ogden Armour
Prosecutor Garven Files Requisition
Papers with Governor for Packer
Charged with Conspiracy.
NEW TORK, March 31. Requisition
papers for the extradition of J. Ogden
Armour of Chicago, who was recently In
dicted by the Hudson county. New Jersey,
grand Jury for conspiracy In controlling
the prices of meat products, were filed
with Governor Fort at Trenton, N. J., to
day by Prosecutor Garven of Jersey City.
Requisition papers were filed several days
ago with Governor Fort for the extradition
of Louis F. Swift and Edward Morris. It
is understood that before Governor Fort
will sign the papers he will hear argument
by counsel for the Indicted men showing
that they were not In New Jersey at the
time the Indictments were found against
them and that they are not liable to extra
Two Men Killed Near Sheridan Tues
day Morning Are Joseph and
SHERIDAN, Wo., March 31.-Sp?clal Tel
egramsFrom v a. . letter written . to their
mother, without postofflce address, It was
learned here today that the two last vic
tims, making six in all, of the Burlington
freight wreck at Ulm, a few miles east of
Sheridan, Tuesday morning, were Joseph
and William Jande, brothers, aged about 2i
and 18, respectively. The letter stated they
were enroule to this city In quest of em
ployment. They were beating their way
in a car loaded with salt. The bodies
were found close together, Indicating that
they probably were asleep when the freight
trains crashed together. The brothers were
lying ten feet from the body of F. Coulter,
a colored man, who was traveling west
from Fort Smith. Ark. An effort Is being
made to locate the parents of the brothers.
The wrecking crew is still clearing up the
debris from the terrible collision and more
bodies may be found.
Association Will Favor indorsement
of Payne-Aldrlch BUI by
INDIANAPOLIS, March 31. At a confer
ence of candidates for nomination to state
offices by the Indiana republican conven
tion It was announced today that an as
sociation would be formed endorsing the
Payne-Aldrlch tariff law, desp;lte the fact
that United States Senator Albert J. Bev
erldge voted against the bill. The con
ference Is scheduled to take place In this
SOITH BEND. Ind., March 31-The re
publicans of the Thirteenth district in con
vention here today nominated John L.
Moorman of Knox as their candidate for
The resolutions adopted Ignore the Payne
Aldrlch tariff law; endorse Senator Bev
erldge, who voted against the law, and en
dorse President Taft's administration.
Saloonist and Surety Held
for Eye Drunk Man Ruined
For the gouging out of his right eye,
Ford Smith, a colored man, has received a
jury award of $2 000 In damages.
The district court Jury which heard his
suit against Edward A. Roehrlg, formerly
a South Omaha saloon keeper, and the Title
Guaranty and Surety company, reached a
verdict at 10 p. m. Wednesday. Roehrlg
was sued as having sold liquor to Bud and
George Weatherford, alleged to have com
mitted the assault upon Ford Smith. The
surety company Is on Roehrtg's bond.
The Jury was required to make a special
finding of facts In answer to two questions.
The first query was: "Why struck the
blew which caused the injury to Ford
The other question ran: "Was George
Weatherford under the Influence of liquor
when Smith was hurt?"
The testimony showed that it was George
Weatherford, If either of the brothers, who
assaulted Smith, and to get any action
Evidence Indicates that Both Men
Received Goodly Fees.
WHO ACCEPTED THE BRIBES t
Mr. Hotchkiss Want3 Names of New
Tork Legislators Who Sold Out.
BIG TIM OFFERED TO KILL BILL
Charge that New York Senator Asked
Ten Thousand Dollars Is Corrob
orated More A boat Back
ley's Big Bill.
NEW TORK. March 81. How William H.
Bt ckley. accelerator of Insurance legisla
tion, and the late "Andy" Hamilton, keeper
of the llfo Insurance "yellow dos" fund of
former years, worked shoulder to shoulder
oiling the legislative wheels at Albany for
good and substantial consideration was
brought out today at the fire Insurance
Inquiry conducted by William H. Hotch
kiss, state superintendent of Insurance.
Hamilton, the evidence showed, received
no less than 18,999 from certain companies
Hamilton's name was put on the record
through the testimony of Henry C. Wilcox,
vice president of the American Surety company.-
In 1901, Wilcox testified, the fire In
surance companies caused to be introduced
In the legislature a bill to exempt the un
earned reserves from taxation. Mr. Wilcox
wanted to have the casualty and surety
companies Included In the exemption and
accordingly went to Albany . He tried to
get Senator Raines and Assemblyman
Lewis Interested, but failed. Then ha hunted
up Buckley and told him his troubles.
Buckley, he said, told him that Hamilton
was the one to help him. Buckley tele
phoned to Hamilton and said Hamilton
agreed to take it up.
Wilcox left Albany and the amendment
went through as desired. When It was
ail over Hamilton sent a bill for $10,000 to
the American Surety company.
"Did he tell you he had to pay out any
of the money?" the witness was asked.
"He conveyed to. me the suggestion that
he had assumed obligations which he could
not meet unless the full amount was paid."
This was as strong as Mr. Wilcox would
He thought the bin too large, but as a
compromise, he said, he sent three checks
to Hamilton, aggregating SS,4flP. Later the
National Surety company paid $2,530 to
With the resumption of the Investigation,
Elijah R. Kennedy, the legislative agent
who made the first revelations In the In
qulry, was expeotid back for further que
Honing. Mr. Hotchkiss was anxloua to
learn if the dlsburser of the fire insurance
companies fund of 1901 had refreshed his
memory sufficiently to remember the names
of some other Individuals besides George
W. Aldrldge, to whom he made payments
while seeking to further the passage of t
bill In the Interest of the companies.
Superintendent Hotchkiss was also ex
pected to go Into the history of casualty
and surety company legislation at Albany.
He had a long list at witnesses ready be
fore the day's session of the Inquiry opened
Charge Against Big Tim.
George F. Seward's charge that Edward
A. Brown offered, In 1S32, in -behalf of
, Senator "Big Tim" Sullivan, to have an
Insurance bill killed for 110,000, was cor
roborated In some -let alls by E. E. Clapp,
formerly of the Fidelity and Casualty
company, where Mr. Seward Is president.
John B. Lunger of Harl;ord, Conn., who
Is vice president of the Travelers' Insur
ance company of Hartford, testified that
the Travelers first employed Buckley In
January, 1903. He declared he had never
known of Buckley's activity In connection
with legislation at Albany. Buckley was
retained to get the liability reserve bill
through solely on account of his familiarity
with Insurance matters.
When the bill had been passed Buckley
called on the company for the payment of
the $21,400. The company thought the bill
"What did Mr. Buckley say to Justify
I such a bill?" asked Mr. Hotchkiss.
"He said he had been kept busy for sev
eral months and had met much opposition,
as well as to do a great deal of explain
ing." Big Parment for Legal Work.
"Did he tell you that he had paid out
any money to any one In connection with
the passage of the bill,"
"He did not."
"And so your company paid to a lawyer
who had been practicing law for less than
two years, $2l,4O0 for services covering
less than five months?"
The witness assented.
It was shown that Buckley rendered
two bills, one of $10,000 In his New
York office and the other of $8,000 from
his Albany office, covering about the
same period of time. Later the bills for
(Continued on Second Page.)
against the man who owned the saloon
where the trouble occurred, it had also to
be shown, the defense asserts, that he had
been selling liquor to the assailant.
The Jury answered yes to the second
question and hedged on the first, replying,
"One of the Weatherfords."
Judge Kennedy sent the jury back, In
structing It to reply whether George or Bud
Weatherford struck the blow and If unable
to say which one, to state that fact. The
Jury coming In again, said It was unable to
say which one.
The defense will move to have the verdict
set aside on the ground that to recover
damages George Weatherford must have
been shown to have been the man who hit
Bud Weatherford died Monday last during
the course of the trial. He had testified
earlier and a re-subpoena was left at his
house Monday afternoon by Deputy Sheriff
Mead. Weatherford died of heart failure
during the nl,ht .
"Janes teems nil crippled up."
Prom tb Cl.vcl.na Plain l-...r.
OVER MILLION 0N 'PHONES
Heavy Expenditure! Will Be Made by
Nebraska Telephone Company.
BIG CAMPAIGN OF IMPROVEMENT
Aboit Two Thousand Miles of Copper
Toll Lines Will Br Iiallt Plane
to Hoik l with West
Kl k era Union.
"Our plans for the present year call for
an expenditure of about $1,300,000 on the
work of construction and reconstruction
in Omaha and throughout the state," says
G. E. McFaxland, general manager of the
Nebraska Telephone.' company.
"We will do an unusual amount of work
this year In carrying out our policy to
keep up with the growth of the state and
stive Its business interests to the best of
our ability. The Incrase In Improvements
Is notable this year and necessitates more
material and large additions to the num
ber of employes. '
"About 2.000 miles of additional copper
toll lines will be built to use In connection
with the existing toll circuits of the com
pany In Omaha.
"Nearly 1,600 miles of toll pole lines will
be reconutruoted. . This is ' an unusual
amount of new work In this line and It
will be distributed over the entire system.
"The oopper circuit will be extended as
far west as Broken Bow. It Is now as far
west, as Ravenna. The new copper toll
circuit, extending to North Platte, has .lust
been completed and service is now given
North Platte and all intei'-eni points
"About thirty exchanging in the state
will either be rebuilt ' entirely or recon
structed during the year. A ew exchange
will be added to the present Douglas build
ing In Omaha and there will be a new cen
tral office In the rooms now occupied by
the nrneral offices, which will be. In this
Kennedy building, the top floor of which
Is already occupied by us. t
Work in the Black tills.
"Officials of the company have Just re
turned from the Black Hills country In
South Dakota. It is expected to do a con
siderable amount of work in and adjacent
to the Black Hills. The plans - are to
connect the exchange In the Black Hills
with the rest of our system, but the exact
route has not yet been determined upon.
"The Nebraska Telephone company ha3
about 0,000 toll lines in Nebraska and the
wire mileage of every kind, Including ex
changes and toll lines. Is 1G3.655 for Ne
braska and the Black Hills country. -
"Important plans are being perfected be
tween the Nebraska Telephone company
and the Western Union Telegraph com
pany so that a telegraph service will be
available at nearly all, if not all, Nebraska
towns for night as well as day service.- It
Is planned to arrange the lines so that
telegraph messages may be telephoned
from a town where there is no night tele
graph office to the nearest center where
the Western -Union company maintains a
night office. We wish to have It so that
our service will be available at all timer
for public needs and this will be a grea!
convenience for emergency service fot
people In the smaller towns."
PACIFIC RAILROADS REST
Harriman Lines Conclude Their
fense In Knit to Dissolve
NEW YORK. March 31 The defendants
in the federal suit to dissolve the merger
of the 1'nlon and Southern Pacific rail
roads rested their case today and an ad
journment was taken until Tuesday.
People who can
get along very well
things, are watch
ingthe ForSale col
umns of The Bee
Every day tomeone is advertis
ing an article that they do not need,
and every day somebody in snap
ping up these articles.
You have something about the
house that you do not use?
What is U?
It has value.
Somebody wants it, and will pay
Call Douglas 238 find de
scribe it to the ad taker and
she will" tell you what an ad
will cost to sell it.
"Yes, he's been blastin' eat his back
Effort Will be Made to Have Law
Passed Preventing Discrimination
by Larger Creameries.
WATERTOWN, S. D., March 31.-tSpe-Plal.)
The second annual convention of the
South Dakota Dairymen's and Butter
makers' association was In session In this
city yesterday. The election of officers,
one of the first things on the program, re
sulted In K. H. Baldwin of Bella Fourche
being elected president; C. H. Winn of
Castlewood, vice president, and A. P.
Ryger of Brookings, secretary-treaBurcr.
The two first officers were re-elected.
In a general discussion of how the small
creamery man can compete with the central
plants, It was decided to make an effort
at the next sef.slon of the state legislature
to have a law enacted t6 prohibit large
dealers paying more for cream In one lo
cality than In another. It was stated that
the large dealers were Inclined to pay high
prices where a co-operative creamery was
In operation, where in localities where these
plants had been shut down, prices much
lower were paid.
A special committee composed of P. A.
Zollman of Alexandria, C. H. Winn of
Castlewood and A. Yeamans of Clark was
appointed to take up the matter of having
steps taken toward the enactment of a law
thaf will protect the small dealers.
Tuesday evening the delegates were the
guests of the local Business Men's union
at a smok ir an6 lunch.
The North American Storage company
has started excavation for a new I3O.000
creamery, which Is ekpected to be In opera
tion early this summer. The company has
operated a branch here for a number of
years, but has -outgrown the present build
ings. DANLEY WILL HOLD PLACE
AS CHADRON POSTMASTER
Cona-ressmnn Ktnkald Succeeds In
Placattnnr Postofflce Department
(From n Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, March SI (Special Tel
egram.) Representative Ktnkald today
announced that he had succeeded in placat
ing the Postofflce department In the case
of Postmaster Danley of Chadron. It ap
pears -Postmaste.- Danley Innocently mixed
his personal bank account with that of
funds belonging to the government and the
aostofflce Inspectors preferred charges.
These charges were of such slight nature
that Judge Kinkaid had little difficulty
In satisfactorily explaining to the authori
ties here and Mr. Danley will remain post
master at Chadron.
Senator Eurkett today received affida
vits from N. C. Rofiers, C. 8. Rogers and
Elmer C. Tldvall, president, cashier ar.d
asslttant cashier, respectively, of the First
.v'iitlonal bank of Minden, Neb., to ex
plain how the STi.OOO gold certificate owned
ay the'r bank was destroyed by fire. The
affidavits have been duly filed before the
finance committee to back up the bill
seeking to reissue the certificate alleged
to have been accidentally destroyed.
TOBACCO - WORKERS STRIKE
Keg-roes Employed In Stranirrles
I.onisville Start Two Small
LOTISVILI.E. Ky., March al.-Eleven
hundred negro men, women and children
employed In one of the American Tobacco
company's stemeries here struck today for
an Increase of one-half of 1 per cent per
pound for stemm'ng. The strikers were
dlscrdorely to such an extent this morning
that the police were twice called to the
tobacco district. Nearly 2.000 tobacco work
rs are now on strike and other walkouts
Outlines Creed for Indians
CARI.ISKK, Pa., March 3I.-Members of erty. The government Is slowly but
the graduating class of the United Htates steadily taking away the artificial condl
Indian school at Carlisle received their tl-jns which hsve surrounded my life and
I diplomas today from the hands of the com -
nilsnluner of Indian affairs. Robert Valen -
tine. The commencement exercises hsd
been In progress since the beginning of the
week and culminated today In the distri
bution of diplomas to the twenty grad
uates of the c ass of 1010.
Mr. Valentine prefaced the presentation
of the diplomas with an address to the
class. He expressed the belief that the
Indian had reached a period In his devel
opment where something corresponding to
a creed showing the right road to progress
In 'the future should be formulated. Out
lining his Idea of the material from which
each Indian should build such creed, he
said In part, it should contain:
"The government as my guardian,-cares
more for my character than for my prop-
w1 vaK " v
yard for a vegetable garden."
FROST DOES NO GREAT HARM
Comes to This Locality, but is Not
Regarded a3 Severe.
TEMPERATURE GOES DOWN TO 36
It Is Hack Lower Than This Ont la
the State, Where the Storm
Dirt n Qrrat Anionnt ol
A frost of varying Intensity yesterday
was the aftermatii in Omnha of the west
ern storm. In the center of the district
directly affected by the atmospheric dis
turbance weather conditions have Improved
giving opportunity for the repair of dam
aged telegraph and telephone lines. Train
service Is rapidly assuming normal condi
tions according to the general reports re
ceived by the Omaha railway offices.
Complete restoration ot the wire service
will take several days yet.
"In the district west of North Platte, ex
tending through western Nebraska and
eastern Colorado north and south for sev
eral hundred 'miles, the wires were prac
tlrallv all cut down," said William W.
Umsted, manager for the Western Union
here. "Hundreds of linemen have been
shipped into the field, but It will probably
take four days yet before service can be
made normal. Some wires have been
started through the district already."
The predicted frost arrived on time in
this locality, but can hardly be regarded
as damaging or killing. The temperature
recorded by the weather bureau was li.
which was fOOi 'degrees shy of the freezing
point,- l .the top of the ftderal bulldlMj
where the weather Instruments are located.
But out in the city temperatures were
reported ai) low as 22, and frost was dis
tinctly manifest In ihe low lying sections
Just what damage the frost might have
done In this vicinity can only be guested
at, depending entirely upon the stage of
advance of the early garden truck. While
there la quite a heavy fruit bloom, some
of the fruit men are of the opinion that
the front was not severe enough to cause
any great damage.
Asquith Galls for
Show of Hands
Test Motions Will be Introduced in
Hons: ot Commons
IXJNDON, March 31.-The government
apparently has made up Its mind to bring
political matters to an Issue early In May.
In the House of Commons this afternoon
Premier Asquith announced two test mo
tions, the first to be made on April 4, al
lotting a specific period for the discussion
on the veto regulations, and, second, des
ignating the time to be given to a con
sideration of the budget. The opinion In
the lobby today war that this arrangement
portended a general election within six
NEGRO GIVE NDAMAGES
FOR FALSE ARREST
New York Supreme Conrt Reverses
RoliDsr of bewer Conrt In Case
of Colored Porter.
NEW TORK, March 31. George W. Grif
fin, a negro porter, was awarded $1,000 darn
agesagfs for false arrest from Daniel M.
Brady ,a manufacturer, In the supreme
court here today. In a former trial of th
case before Justice Dugro the court laid
down the dictum that a colored man could
not suffer shsme to the same extent as a
white man as the result of false arrest.
Justice McCall today expressed an opposite
opinion. "The tribunal of Justice has noth
ing to do with the color of a man's skin,"
the court said.
I restoring me Into the stream of real life
. itself to sing or swim as most other people
In America, dependent only on themselves
have to do.
"The three big things I think about when
I think of the administration ;of Indian
affairs are: That I must help the govern
ment to make ma free as an individual;
that I must help the government to use
my property to strengthen my character;
that I must not only know what la right,
but I must hav the courage to do w hat Is
"I must do my duty as a citlsm; I must
vote for the men and the things I believe
to be right; I must develop my land or
follow a trade; I must not be above day
labor; I must teach my children to be
good cltlstna, too.
Dispute Over Wnjt3 and "Firing"
May be Settled Earlier.
ILLINOIS AND IOWA MINES CLOSE
Over Seventy-Five Thousand Men Quit
in These Districts.
DEALERS ARE WELL FORTIFIED
Fartorlrs nnd Rnllronds llmr Enough
Fori for Two Months and Within
that Time Trouble Will be
ni l.I.F.TIX. t-' '
INDIAN A FOT. TP. March 81. Two hun
dred tlionsHnd organised miner of the
bituminous coal fields of Penn.sylvaniii,
Ohio. Imllnna. Illinois. Iowa, Missouri,
Kansas. Oklahoma and Arkansas quit
work last midnight pending settlement
of n new wage scale.
Officers of the United Mine Workert
of Northe America declared that the
walkout was not a strike, but merely a
suspension of work because no wago
scale had been niiide to replace the old
scale which expired with the month of
The 'itinera demand an Increase of pay
In some Instances of 5 cents a ton and
in other instances of more, with a car
tain change In working; conditions.
ST. LOUIS. March 31. Nine hundred coal
mines in Illinois closed down thl.i afternoon
and tonight and ?5.(HX) inlnuers slopped
work. Tae mines will he closed until a
new wage scale l.s signed, the old agree
ment expiring at 5 o'clock today.
When the whistles blew at the end of the
day shift the miners walked out with their
Implements nnd tho workings were turnud
oxer to the pumpmen and onglneers, who
will be the only men at work tomorrow
The mines will be clorcd for probably
sixty days and possllily for lour months,
according to statements of members of tho
operators' executive committee.
O. U. Garrison, president of the Uig
Muddy Coal and lion company and a mem
ber of the committee, suyb the operators
are willing to grant an Increase in watfes,
but will not pay the hhot fliers' expenses,
and It is upon this latter r.elnt that the
negotiations may fall, proluiifcina the cessa
tion of work in the mines indefinitely.
Although a meeting of tho Joint seals
committee of tho Illinois miners and the
operators Is called for Monday in Chicago,
members of thu operators' committee are
not hor'tul of an Iraim'l1" F't'lfi.ieiit.
and an adjournment Is thounjlu probable by
them. The miners' officials will meet Tues
day in Mpringfleld to consider the situation.
'Shot rirlDjt" flone of Contention.
The minus, under the contract which ex
pired tonight, earned !3.W to IM In a day of
eight hours . They demand an Increase ot
10 cents a ton. They alto ask the operators
to pay the expense of shot firing. The
operators isay if they grant the demands It
will mean an increase In expenses of
$14,000,000 annually, which the public event
ually must pay.
No famine in coal Is predicted for the
Immediate future. The railroads and big
users of coal in this hectlon have supplies
to last them two months.
President Alfred J. Moorehead of tha
Illinois Coal Operators' association has bten
In Chicago two days arranging for the
Joint scale meeting. He has predicted the
mines will be closed for at least thirty
days. The period of Idleness, however,
is indefinite, he says.
Adolph F. Germer, secretary and treas
urer of the miners' sixth subdlstrlct of
Illinois, this afternoon said several oper
ators have signified their willingness to
sign a new scala giving the miners their
demands. He would not name the oper
ators. Iron Mines All Closed.
DKS MOINES, la., March 31. (Special
Teh gram.) The convention of miners and
mine operators of district No. 13 undertook
to provide for temporary working of the
coul mines of the district, but late today
arrived at a deadlock or failure.
The operators asked the miners to agrre
upon a temporary scale pending the ad
justment of all differences, but they re
fused. They then asked the miners to con
tinue working on the old scale for the next
montli and whtn the new scale Is adopted
It would be dated back to April 1 and the
difference paid the men. The latter re
jected this plan.
This means (fiat all miners will remain
out of Iowa mines tomorrow and until the
new scale is adopted, only such men re
maining at work as may be necessary to
protect the mines. The miners claim that
the rules of tho national organization for
bid any temporary arrangements.
Order Obeyed lit the East.
INDIANAPOLIS, M irch Sl.-The 200,000
organized miners of the bituminous coal
fields of the United States will strike at
13 o'clock tonight and will stay away from
the mines until the operators consent to
pay an advance in wages of 6 cents a
ton, according to tho announcement today
i from the headquarters of the United Mint
Workers of American In this city.
"I have received no Information that the
miners and operators of any district will
get together today," said Thomas I,. Lewis,
president of tho orxanizutlon. "It Is barely
possible there will be Joint conferences In
the Indiana Mock coal district and In ths
Hocking district before night. We were
delayed In the tri-stata conference fit Cin.
rlnnatl that there is hardly time for dis
trict agreements to be made, before the ex
piration o ftlie present working contract
at midnight totduht.
"It Is tinfirtunate. But district agree
ments will bo made speedily and 1 am con
fident that the suspension of work lll con
tinue only a few days."
The executive board of the miners' union
is In session today, transacting routine bus
iness. The members will leave the city
tonight and will go at once to their re
spective districts to represent the national
administration In the directing cf the local
strikes, president Lewis will visit the Illi
nois field tomorrow and does not expect to
return to his office here until Saturday
IMttsbnra; Kxpecis Settlement.
PITTSBURG, March il.-At midnight te