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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (March 16, 1910)
THE OMAIIA DEE
clean, reliable newt-paper that It
admitted to each and erery home.
For Nr-braaka FarMy cloudy.
For Iowa Increao'.-.n cloud Inees.
Kor weather repor: are pag 2.
VOL. XXXIX-NO. 231
OMAIIA, "WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCHl 16, 191(-TWELVE PAfirei
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
Harvard B. Simpson, "Man Who
Knowi," Sayi $5,000,000, Haa
Been Harvested Since 1893.
WITNESS TERRIFIES DEFENDANTS
Walkout of Firemen Halted bj
Acceptance by Men of
SUITTiNG ORDER IS RESCINDED
Big- Corporation Called This and Other
Bad Things By Frank B.
COMPANY MUST BE ERADICATED
Attorneys for Mikes Handle Prose
cution'i Star With Kid Glove .
FEAR HE MAY TELL ALL ? T
Testimony of Spokane Man, , ,
Concluded, Sensation of Ti
WILL UNFOLD MORE YET TO
er Jons, reach r of Prosecu
, In Which One letlm Wu Former
Prosecutor of Cook loinlr,
III. M ferny Diary Of.
fered In F.vldenee.
Five million dollars hav been taken
from the mikes by the "big atore Rang"
Mnce Its organisation In IRSW, according- to
Urn one man who knowi, Howirt H. Simp
son, now a Spokane capitalist. Slmpaon la
llio stor wltneas for the government and i
ilie on fear of the defense in the trial of !
1 lie llabray gang In federal court at Coun
Slmpaon, the man who knows the gang
from the day of its beginning, took the wit
ness aland yesterday to aid the govern
ment In the introduction of documentary
vcldenre. Each and every man he knew,
and In answers or yes: and no told the
why, when and where. Neither side ques
tioned the authority r( his statement.
They knev he knew, hat was enough.
Simpson has a grudge to square. lie
clalma that It shall be squared and squaerd
completely when he gets the opportunity
to testify against ft. R. Herrlman, Ed. C.
Mooro and Frank Brown of the. Lys An
gole store, who wtll probably be tried In
federal court In Omaha.
iSlmpsnn alone has knowledge of the
gigantic scope of the operations of the
gang. Ills estimate of $5,000,000 Is based
on real figures. The government now has
an acountlng of operatlona which netted
the gang's store in excess of $1,500,000.
There arc Jobs of which the government
has never learned, says Blmpaqn, and ho
promises to tell it all when the time comes.
Ma will bo then revenged on that Los An
geles crew. " ' '
Reap 9350,000 In Council Blaffi. l.SOS
The Council Bluffs store In the one pros
perous season of 1908, lu which It operated
lu the city across the river, collected a
total of t250.O0O. Macellua L. Temple, dis
trict attorney, yesterday was Informed of
two Job Which have never before come to
official's' which discount all mlkhik oper
ations on record. A Canadian mike la said
to have lost $6.000. Hecond In rank was a
former prosecutor of .Cook county, lit.,
who was miked for $M.O00. To add to Che
lgnomy of his fall this gang Is declared to
havo put the prosecutor-mike up on a big
flat rock tind forced him to deliver a
speech to them, Immediately after he had
been operated on.
- The work of the secret service men and
tha postofflcii detectives Is constantly
adding to the list of mikes and the end
is not In .sight. Officials working on the
Investigation of the big Btore gang are
convinced that but a fraction have been
discovered. Scorea yet remain who would
rather keep atlll about their losaes than
to face publicity and ridicule. The pre
mier mike whose misfortunes are among
the records now In court at Council Bluffs
' Is J. K. Cavanaugli of Oklahoma City,
Who lost $37,000.
. Wltnesed Delicately Treated,
ftlmpaon' testimony marked the beat
that the. government has adduced In the
positive connecting up of the member of
tlio gnug. By the defense he has been
handled with the utmost delicacy. In the
words of one of the lawyers for the de
fence, "He might break loose and tell a
Whole lot more than we want him to."
Klmrin may yet bo recalled to the stand
for a bit more of the exceedingly careful
cross-examination, but while he is on the
Witness aland the general attitude of the
defense will continue to be that of a man
ih a powder house.
The prosecution scored when George Al
berta. clothier at Btoux City, mlkcd for
$1,000, and later offered a lob as stcerer
to recuperate hi losaes In the betrayal
of an employer, produced a "ahow letter"
written by a Maybraylte and sent to him
through the malls. The introduction of
thla letter brought forth one of the battles
of Ihe trial from the defense's opposition.
Aa the one great expert on mtkeology
Simpson was put on the stand when the
pionccutlon produced the Mabray's direc
tory containing the official record of tha
operations of the gang. "Exhibit No. 101"
Is tha official Appellation of the elabo
v ratoty Indexed pocket ledger which held
tha secrets of the gang. In finely exe
cuted penmanship the number of each of
the mlkers Is given with his real name
and all aliases, together with true and
Secret Code Explained.
Kroin this valued book, taken in the raid
at Pulaski Heights bear Little Kock. from
Mubray a trunk, held in hand the prose
cuting attorney called the name from the
coded pntes lllo Simpson told the his
tory In terse sentences of the man named.
"If I'd have had the sense of a yellow
dug I would not have been Into It," aald
J sines Turner, former police Judge of Curo
luiland, Md., $4,000 mike of the Council
llltiffs slore'a July crop of 1007.
Kven Ilia Vole U More.
Turner la ao 'aor" about It his vole
wa huaky a be testified. Horn of the
bitter word seemed to choke him. He now
lives at Meyersdale, Pa.
Turner had Just been "turned" for $o00
ti h a hors raco scheme In Chicago when
Clarence Class, defendant under alias of
O'Brien, picked him op.
Tuiner told a atory of tha fight In which
he , hacked Clae, by rounds.
My man got too keen and got knocked
out In the -third round, tie bled out of th
"I went back to Chicago and got sick."
' I ilktd to a died, too; wish to God I
' Now what was aald and done?" asked
i l Ivt-ster R. Ruah, uraaing th wltifea on
regard to the Council Bluffa race.
"Well, It was mostly done, niore'a It wae
aid," replied Turner full of grief.
"I aaa putting up the money of my own
plltlon; I didn't hav ene enough to e
what 1 waa up against." said the witness
lu a tone of self-pity.
"Wlicn the betting was over at th hotel
iCuitlluued on cuud Page.)
Second Mutiny Takes Place at
Mitchelville Because of With
drawal of Privileges.
(From a Staff Correspondent. 1
PES MOINES, Ta., March 15. (Special
Telegram.) A secondrlot this year broke
out In tho Industrial school for girls at
Mltrhellvlllo today. It started last even
ing, when the girls trade demand for the
release of a girl, whose confinement
started the last riot. This was refused.
During the night an effort was made to
"scape from the upper stories and one
Irl fell to the ground and was Injured,
ti forenoon the girls In the cottage,
ere the larger ones live started a fight,
ng the band Instruments and march
ibout the yard.
1 members of the board of control
-rrlson, the f uperlnlendent and a spokes
man for the girls. The latter was Har
riet Pegger, daughter of nn Omaha man.
The girls Insist that Ihey have been de
nied many little privileges they are sup
posed to have.
They say dancing had been forbidden,
that there is not time for music and
hflr orchestra Is going to pieces, that
there Is too frequent punishment.
During the afternoon the governor took
a hand by long distance telephone and
demanded an Investigation, twelve of the
girls had In the mean time been arrested,
accused of Inciting a riot. It is greatly
feared that more trouble will follow.
Cousin of Leroy Cannon Reposted Put
to Death By President
WASHINGTON. March 15-Reporta of a
varied character saying that George Can
non, supposed to be a cousin of Leroy
Cannon, had been hanged In Nicaragua by
order of President Madriz, found their way
to tho State department today.
No news of audi a thing has been re
ceived by the State department. One re
port wus that George Cannon bad been
charged with being a conspirator.
NEW ORLEANS. March 15. A special
from Port Limun, Costa Rica, .says:
"A report has reached here that George
F. Cannon, ah American cousin of Leroy
Cannon, who was executed by order of
Zelaya. president of Nicaragua, Is In the
penitentiary at Corlnto, charged with being
at tho head of a conspiracy to take the
llfo of Dr. Madriz. who succeeded 'Zolaya
as president of Nicaragua.
"It Is ' alleged that while In Blueflelds
Cannon waa secretary to General Chamorro.
Leaving Nicaragua, ha reached -Costa
Rica, where-, he . passed under tho nam
of Itoblnson. Changing his name to "Wal
lace, ho Is aald ?o have 'succeeded in get
ting a letter of Introduction to Dr. Madrlx.
Cannon put up In San Joso at the Imperial
hotel, where ho waa recognised by an old
acquaintance, who Informed tho editor of
HARRIS BURG, Ta., March 15,-David K.
Car non. father of Ieroy Canoon, Raid to
day that tho George Cannon reported as
ha 'ing been hanged in Nicaragua, was no
SENATOR BURKETT PUTS IN
RESOLUTIONS FROM OMAHA
Nebraska Member Alao Introduce
Resolution From Civil War
Veteran a to Pensions.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. March. 15-(Speclal Tel
egram.) Senator Burkett today Introduced
a resolution from the Audubon society of
Omaha, urging the passage of a bill for
the protection of birds, also the resolutions
of surviving veterans of the civil war resid
ing at Clay Center, Neb., urging the sup
port of "the dollar-a-day bill."
Tho secretary of the Interior has author
ised th reclamation service to construct
structures of various types at numerous
places along "laterals under the North
Platte Irrigation project lit Nebraska and
Wyoming. The structures consist of con
crete drops, turnout gates, bridge piers,
culverts, flumes, etc., and it is estimated
that the total cost will be about $40,000.
FAITS UNDER JUDGES WORDS
Bank Embesiler Collapse a
Sentence Hint ta
INDIANAPOLIS, March 15. As sentence
was pronounced on him by Judge Ander
son In tho United States district court to
day, I'aul)C Gall collapsed and slipped to
the floor between the two deputy marshals
who were supporting him, aa Judge An
"I sentence you to five years In the
federal prison at Leavenworth."
Gall was convicted of having aided Max
P. Kmmerlch. a bookkeper of the Capital
National bank of tills city. In abstracting
$40,000 of the bank's fund.
"Strong;" Man Abandon Wife.
NKW YORK, March 15.-Charles A.
Carver, former Vale athlete and the uni
versity "strong man," waa arraigned In the
Tombs police court today charged with
being a fugitive from' Justice from Illinois,
where he la charged with havlng-ahandoned
his wife. Louisa Carver. He was held
under $1,000 bonds.
Mike Sees Man
To hav been miked for W.000 and then
to have bought coffin and flowers for the
burial of th wrestler whose "drop dead"
gam lost him th money, la th memory
that nourishes the canker of revenge In th
heart of J. K. Cavanaugli of Muskogee.
Okl., a witness In the' Jdabray case at
Mr. Cavanaugli got more for his money
than any other mlka Th drama pro
aented for hU delectation Included ' more
than tho uaual tragic chapter of th fatal
Injury of his wreotler. H waa treated to
the pleasure of preparing for and attending
th funeral of the unfortunate, Of course,
he pa'd for thla little dlveraion. Just out
of sympathy for tha poor victim.
Federal Attorney Says Organiration
Mast be Ousted from Business.
BLACK FLAG WAVED BY JOHN D.
Men Likened to Pirates During Gov
MTLBURN DEFENDS CORPORATION
OH Lawyer Claims Matter of Profits
Has Been Co Justly ' -m pa ted
anil That' Coele Sam Favor
. . In Too Great'.
WASHINGTON, March . Holding up
the Standard OH company of New Jersey
as a danger to the country and Its organi
zation as a commercial precedent that must
be .eradicated from the 'business world.
Frank B. Kellogg today arraigned tho cor
poration before tho supreme court of the
I'nlted-States with all the power of his
It was the government's turn to- be
heard in the argument over the dlssolu
lion of the company as decreed b the
circuit court of the t.'nlted States for the
eastern district of Missouri.
Black i Kins of Rockefeller.
"They have waved the black flag over
the land as others have done over . the
ocean. Do I deny they have demonstrated
their ability? ' No. They have competed
with an ability unequalled in this coun
In these words Frank B. Kellogg, for
the government, arraigned the Standard
Oil company before the supreme court of
the United States today in the second
day's argument. of the case for the diaso'
lutlon of the New Jersey corporation as
decreed by the United States circuit court
for the eastern district of Missouri.
"With It's ramification, It's money power,
gtva It carte blanche, let It combine, as Mr.
Watson auggests, and let it cut prices as
Mr. Milburn speaks about and I predict
l'. will control every Industry in this coun
try In ten years, yes. In five years."
Hit Big; Corporation.
"What makes a great country?" he asked.
"Not great corporations. It Is the Indlvl
dual; the independent proprietor with the
star of hope that has alwaya been held
out to men before him. Your honors, it Is
but a step from combination to socialism
and but another from socialism to anarchy,
Except about twenty minutes that John
Milburn consumed at the beginning of the
sitting In the conclusion of his opening
address and about an equal length of time
occupied by T. Watson at the ,clo of
the, day, both in defense of the Standard
Oil, all the - time was taken upi by Mr.
His object was to give a history of
the Standard Oil and Its activities, which
he characterized, as monopolistic, but fre
quently he was led off into the law of the
Case. He seemed Inclined to leave many
of these points for the discussion of At.
torney General Wlckersham, who Is to
close the case for the government tomor
ro)V. Particularly was this true as to
the point of common ownership of Standard
OH property urged by the defense to have
existed both before and after the organ
tzatlun of tha alleged illegal coblnatlon of
Court Interested In Ownership.
Time and again the court manifested Its
keen interest In the case by subjecting the
counsel before it to a series of queries.
They were particularly anxloua to know
about the common ownership claimed by
the Standard OH counsel, and to get the
various Interpretations of the meaning
which should be given to monopoly, ai used
In thm KhnrmnM antLlrna, a '
The day brought out a shorp conflict
of purposes by the government and tho
Standard Oil. Mr. Kellofg, on behalf of
the government dwelt upon the activities
of the corporation with a view of at
tempting to provo an Intent to monopolize,
In addition to th reorganization of 11199.
On the other hand, the Standard Oil
counsel contended that such matters were
not before tho court for review. The only
question, they claimed, waa whether the
alleged illegal combining of U99 waa a
violation of the law as held by tha lower
court. This they base on the fact that
tho government did not appeal from the de
cision of th lower court. Tho plan to
night la for Mr. Watson to continue his
address when the court meet at noon
tohvorrow. Ho is followed by Mr. Wlck
ersham for the government, while John G.
Johnson I to clos at the end of th day
for tho corporation.
Milburn Defend Corporation.
Mr. Milburn devoted himself to some ob
servation on tho Income of th Standard
OH. He complained that the government
unjustly computed the percentage of per
mits on the original capital. II argued
that capital assets had been the bafls of
thla computation. This would show the
net profit to be 25 per cent per annum
during th years 1900-190S. when there was
such a great development of the by
products. H also spoke briefly of prices,
claiming the table he presented showed
there was no arbitrary action. '
"Thla company has been under search
as no other concern ha ever been," said
(Continued on Second Page.)
for Whom He
Walk in Court
The man whose roffla, Mr. Cavanaugli
selected at New Orlans Walked Into court
In presence of his victim and pleaded
guilty under the nam of Ole Marsh of
Mr. Cavanaugh by virtue of his expendi
ture of $37,000 own mora stock In the "big
tore.", than -any of the other of tho throng
of Investors. His contribution marks the
highest point In the success of this suc
cessful organisation. He excelled where
many trov for prominence.
An enthusiastic mlka with a pencil has
figured that had Cavanaugli won on the
odds of the gam presented he would have
pulled down nearly $C00.000. Th gam,
however, waa mad to operate In only on
Ifrom th New Tork World.
CUMMINS HITS RAILWAY BILL
Iowa Senator Will Oppose Measure
Even Though He Loses Job.
MOST IMPORTANT ITEM THAT IS UP
Cannot e Hashed and D4acaloa May
Continued Fa Into Summer
' Pitilaeaft vctton Crltt-
WASHINGTON, March 15. That he would
oppose the administration railroad bill,
even though It might result in an effort to
lead him out of the party, Senator Cum
mins of Iowa, in effect, declared 'n the
Te was making the Initial speech on the
railroad bill and oommcnting especially
upon the history of the measure, which,
he aald, had originated In the executive
branch of the government, rather than in
After occuplng Ita place of the senate
calendar for eighteen days the bill was
taken up at 2 o'clock, and thus was
launched the discussion of what the mem
bers of the senate regard as the most
Important legislation before congress. The
Iowa senator had proceeded for only about
two hours, when he asked leave to sus
pend until tomorrow.
Th leave was granted, but;Senator Hale,
chairman of the republican- caucus, gave
notice that hereafter the bill would be
kept constantly before the senate. ' In
language Just as positive, Mr. Bailey de
clared that the blU could not be rushed
and declared that congress was liable still
to bo considering It when the "dog days"
Criticise tho President's Action.
In th main," Mr. Cummins' speech waa
devoted to a general review of the rail
road measure, but It was preceded by a
recital of the history of the proposed leg
islation. In which he crlticired the course
of th president and declared his Inten
tion of opposing the bill in Its present
shape even at tho expense of the severe
dlhpleaaure f the chief executive.
"If the uncontradicted and repeated and
apparently authorized statement of tha
newapapers be not in error, every republi
can at least la expected to vot for It
Just as . it Is, unless he decides not to
Incurs the executive displeasure, but to be
banished from the republican ranks," said
"I do not speak of this phase of the
subject In a spirit of anger. I am con
scious of no other sentiment than pro
found regret. I recognize that It is not
only tho privilege, but the duty of the
president of the United States to make such
recommendation to congress as in his
Judgment will best promote the general
welfare. He is quite within his privileges
and his duties In expressing his views upon
such subjects as often as he likes and as
emphatically as. he pleases.
"Whether he is within tho privileges of
his duty when he attempts to prescribe
for, which legislation shall assume, may
well be doubted. His great predecessor
evidently thought that legislative propriety
did not permit It, for when he was dealing
with th same subject in his message at
the beginning of I he first session of the
fifty-ninth congress in HX6, lie said: It Is
not my provlnco to Indicate tha exact
terms of th law which should be enacted,
but I call the attention of the congress to
(Continued on Second Iaje.)
If yoi are prepar
ing for Easter, read
the Bee want ads.
They give you information
that you shouldn't be without.
They tell you what you
should have, what it will cost
you, and where to get it.
te5lg,0YotKT Of Jm '"IVM6ES .-z
T " ItPSiilp RiBATING. '
THE NEW PIPE LINE.
In Studio of
Famous Painting Was' Simply Bor
rowed to Make Copy, Says. :
' Prisoner.;', r''- t .
SAN FRANCISCO, March 15. Declaring
that he took the picture In order to make
a copy qf It, William Kunze, a young Ger
man" artist, was bj rested this afternoon
in possession of the $10,000 painting,
''Shepherd and Flock," by Millet,, which
was stolen last Sunday from the Golden
Gate Park museum. " Kunze was nabbed
In his studio.
Immediately after being booked on a
charge of grand larceny the prisoner waa
taken from tho city prison by several de
tectives and It Is believed that they went
In search of possible accomplices. Kunzo
answered that he was led to take the
picture by his love of tho beautiful and a
desire to secure an adequate copy.
Tho painting, loanod to the museum by
Miss Sara Spooner of this city, was painted
by Jean Millet n 1831.
at Capital City
Fourteen Hundred People Crowd Lin
coln to Attend South Platte
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
IJNCOLN. March 15.-(Speclal.)One of
t! e largos: gathering of men ever assemb ej
In Lincoln began a two-days' meeting here
tonight with a banquet at the auditorium
and an overflow feed at St. Paul's church.
The occasion Is the Laymen's Missionary
meeting of the South Platte country. This
afternoon 1,400 persons had registered and
the auditorium and the clrurch dining room
wero crowded. The banquet waa served by
the various churches.
Chancellor Avery made the Introductory
HASKELL CASE MAY GO OVER
Trial nn Chars; of Fraud In Town
Lota Mar Be Continued
GUTimiE. Okl.. March 15. It waa slated
hero today that the trial of Governor
t'liarleg N. Haskell on -the charge of using
Illegal methods to obtain title to town
lots in Muskogee, Okl., might be continued
for a year.
OPTION TAXIS HELD GOOD
Missouri Supreme Court Sustain
Legality of Stamp Reieuue on
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo., March 15.-Tho
supreVne Court today sustained the con
stitutionality of the law requiring a stamp
of Do cents on each deal In futures of
grain, stock and provisions.
Weston "All In" After
Walk of 72 Miles Monday
GARFIELD. Kan.. March lR-Edwaid
Pay son Weston, overcome by the exertlona
of yesterday in walking stventy-two miles,
waa unable to continue his Journey east
ward today. He walked to ml lea and
then wn forced t give up and go to bed.
He declared, howiver, he would be walking
again by afternoon. '
Wenon pa.-nid last nl'ht at a farm,
house two miles went of the city, having
completed the seventy-two mile he had
fixed for his day's work. He did this In
celebration of his evei:ty-second birthday,
which I today. H started out at o'clock
BUSY DAY FOR ROOSEVELTS
Ex-President and Family Seeing the
- Sights Around Khartum.
VISIT SCENE OF BIG BATTLE
Party Will I,eaT Khartum Thurs
day and Will atop at Asauan
ad I.u.ior edbr to -
' ' Native) Servant.
t , 'V nnrnspu-ai
KHARTUM, March IS. Colonel Roosevelt
atated today that he could not return to
the United States by the way of San Fran
clseo, but If possible would visit Denver
and Cheyenne in August.
T. G. Bonfele of Denver, who came here
to meet Colonel Roosevelt, today had an
interview with the latter and presented
him with a petition from the chambers of
commerce of Kansas City and other west
ern cities asking the former president to
return to the United States by way of
San Francisco. f
Mr. Roosevelt replied it would be Impos
sible for him to accept the suggestion
owing to ,hla engagement including hig.
presence at the marriage of his son, Theo
dore Roosevelt, Jr.. to Miss Eleanor B.
Alexander, which la to take place in June.
If possible, however, he said he would
visit Denver and Cheyenne during the
frontier day celebration in August.
Colonel Roosevelt upon hi visit, to the
Gordon Memorial college addressed the
student Informally, expressing great in
terest in their work and remarking upon
tho splendid progress made by British en
ergy within the few years that it Influ
ence had been exerted In Khartum.
Bent on making tho most of their brief
stay in this,, the capital of the Egyptian
general government of tho Sudan, the
Roosevelta were early astir today. Colo
nel Rooeevelt waa especially busy, occu
pying tho Interval between excursions to
points of historic interest in receiving
caller and making reply to such of his
voluminous correspondence aa he had been
able to examine.
After breakfast he aummoned to him the
native servant who had accompanied him
throughout the expedition and bade them
goodby. Each received a presont of ca.-h
from Colonel Roosevelt and a gift from
The sight-seeing program began with a
visit to Gordon Memorial college, built at
th east end of the town In 1902 hy sub
scriptions solicited from tho British people
by Lord Kitchener. From the college a
drive was taken to other parta of the town.
Colonel Roosevelt, Mrs. Roosevelt, MLo
Ethel and Major General SJr Rudolf Baron
Von Sladen, the inspector general of the
sirdar's staff, "made up th party. They
ordered a carriage drawn by a handsome
pair of horse and escorted by two Egypt
Ian lancers. During the drive they were
Joined by other members of Major General
Wingate'a ataff, occupying two carriages.
Later in th forenoon th Roosevelt
abandoned the carriage for a' motor car
and, unaccompanied, drove into the
Thla afternoon the Rooaevelts planned a
visit to Kerrerl, the scene of the great bat
tle on September 2, W8. when the Anglo
Egypllan force defeated the khalifa and
reconquered the Egyptian Sudan. The trip
(Continued on Second Page.)
today bright and happy, ar.d apparently
good for a good day'a Journiy.
When he reached this place, however, a
great neanness suddenly overtook th aj1
"I'm all In," he said. "I guess I'll have
to stop snd rest."
Wton now la seven days ahead of his
LARNL'D, Kan., March U. Edward Pay
.on Weston resumed Ms Journey after rent
ing Hire hour in bed at Garfield. Ht
arrived her at 1 10 p. m , following a ten
Will Be Re-Issued, However; if Medi
ation Falls Through.
IMMEDIATE ACTION DEMANDS
Union Men Wire Washington Officiah
to Hasten to Chicago. '
ALL DANGER PAST, SAY MANAGERS
Railroad Ofl'teera Forare Amlcabli
Settlement illhongh Fmploycs'
n Thnt Tbele Consent to
Mediation Is Simply F.vl
drnce of Falrnea.
CHICAGO. Starch ll.-nnngor of an Im
mediate Mrlko of 17.000 locomotive firemen,
the throwing it of employment of mora
than 125.000 other employes and the tem
porary siiRper.ln!i of business on pr.ic
llca'ly every railroad rystcm between C:il
cntto and tho Pacific const was avrrtcd
today thromrli the acceptance of offers of
mediation from the - fctloral authorities at
At the rrqucxt of the general mmngers
of llio forty-fieven western Mllroadx In
volved. Chairman Martin A. Knnpp of the
Interstate Commerce commission and Com
missioner of Labor C, p. Nell! telegraphed
an offer of federal nitdlation to the union
official. Thla offer wns accepted, W. fl.
Carter, president of Ihtf Brotherhood ot
Locomotive Firemen ond EnRlnemen, stipu
lating, however, that nctlon mut begin
Strike Prevented at Last Moment.
The appeal to Washington was t.iken a,
nn eleventh-hour move to prevent a walk
cut which. It was declared, threatened the
greatest railroad atrike Mnee that of 1SPI.
Thlrty-seve n members of the western
federated board of the brotherhood at mld
i.lKht last night formally voted for a xtrlka.
The hour for striking h.id been set for next
Monday morning and the member were
pit pared to start for their homes some of
them as far as the Pacific coast to p it
the strike into action when tho mediation
Atps were taken.
It is stipulated that the mediators slin'l
to-ne to Chicago. Accurdlng to Mr Carter,
this function will be not to arbitrate the
matters in dispute, but to determine whnt
shall be arbitrated. The questions Involve
wtgcB which both side have agreed upon
as arbitrable ami two other technical
points, Involving promotion and representa
tion In the union, which tho hrothorhnod
contend are arbitrable, hut which the
railroads assert are not.
"If the mtdlation falls through, tho
ett Ike will go-right on "a'"plaiined." said
1 nlun Men Agree to Mediation.
The acceptance of mediation was con
tained In the following telegram seat by
tho -brotherhood to Messrs. Nclll and
"Matters In controvery Involve condi
tions of emplayment ond Increase In
wages. Come preparing to leave city. As
surance (a given that mediation will be
gin Immediately and In the city of Chi
cago. Authority for the men to leave th
service of the companies will bo tempo
rarily withheld. The fact that we hav
postponed arbitration on nil matters in
controversy and tho fact triat the man
agers have ecJeclxjk our proposition, done
not lead our men Jo e::pe t a settlement
from mediation, but ns evidence of our
fairnifca will accept your friendly offlc
under the conditions named herein. Plran
answer promptly. "W. B. CARTER."
Firemen' Reply to Manager.
The commute sent the following lettef
to the general niatiagers;
"W. C. Nixon, chairman of the manager
"Dear Wr Your letter of March Kith"
has bei n received, In which you oommun
leato the Information that tho manager'
committee has Invoked the aid of the. Kid
man act, and that the honorable chairman
of the Interstate rotnmerce Communion
and tho honorable United Hiates commis
sioner of labor have been requested by tha
managers' coinniitleo to tender their good
"This In to advlso the managers' commit
tee that tchalrrnon of the Interstate Com
merce coinmisaloii and the conimltslonrr
of labor hnvo tendered by wire thejr
friendly office:: In an endeavor to settl
through mediation the pending controversy.
"Tho proposition of our committee that
matter In cuntrovers y bo submitted to ar
bitration Is evidence of tho regard! that
we havo for the Interests of th publlo and
after giving the matter further considera
tion our committee InMruct me to notify
the managers' comimtea that it has ac
cepted Die good offices of tho chairman of
the Interstate Commerce commission ond
the commhialonor of labor i;t an effort lo
reach an amicablo adjustment t.f matter
in dispute, provided that such mediation
r.hall bo conducted In tho c.ty of Chicago
and without delay.
"Our committee nfraln InMxts that as'd
from the Interests of the public there era
no other parties concerned in this dlnpuio
except the railways iepre-iented by th
managers' connniUeo and the employes
n-picsented by our committee.
In a stf.temi'iit given out tonight the gen
eral manager.! ):ald:
"All proxpects of a BtrlUe, are over. There
will be none. Hrttlument of tho wiiole c:n-ti-ov'crsy
hy mediation and arbitration is
ltullronds Make 1 irst Mote.
The application for modli tlon wa-i mad
by tho railroads. The nnntt was Imme
Immediately after Chairman Knapp of
the Interstate Coimneite commission ar
rived at his office today r presumptive
of the lailroad general inaiiaRi'm' commit
leo prt-rciitt-d to him tho application of the
railroad officials for mediation of th
trouble, The application wus signed by W,
('. Nixon, chali rr.aii of tho general man
The request was for the meilutlon .if
the difficulty that had arUn on the sub
jects of "w aires, hour of labor and cor.dl
tiona of employment," between the forty-
seven roada Involved and th" Brotherhood
of locomotive Firemen and Engliieinen."
, It wus rcouesti d in the application that
tha mediators, Chalrr.an Knapp and Dr.
Nelll, rommlsslr.nnr of labor, enter Into
communication wlih W. B. Carter, presi
dent of the broth- rhoi d with a view to an
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