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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 26, 1910)
H WEATHER FOUECAST.
ij For Xobraskn Partly cloudy.
For Iowr Tardy rlomljr.
tj For weather report m-p pngo 2.
PAGE5 1 TO 10.
VOL. XXX1X-NO. 217.
OMAHA, SATURDAY MORNING, FKIJHUAHY 2(, 1910-NIXTKKN PAGES.
N1XOLK COPY TWO CKNTS.
POWER OF COURTS
Buit of Paper Company Eaiiei New
Issue in Relation to Departments
New Jersey Grand Jury Indie" Six
Big Corporations ''
RAISE IN HATES
Scheme of the Railroads to Squeeze
Greater Revenue Out of Omaha
Arouses Many Trades.
TAKES IN VAST LINE OF GOODS
Likely to Increase Cost of Living, if
IS RANKEST DISCRIMINATION
Clapp and Cummins Both Against
Measure Which is Favorably
Reported to Senate.
SENATORS IGNORE SUMMONS
lumbers Take Ground that Their
Acts Are Not Subject to Review.
Their Attorney Makes Plea that Court
Has No Jurisdiction.
Paper Company's Knit to Compel
Reopen In if of Award of Contract
aae in of Historic
WASHINGTON, Feb. 25. The groat ques
tion of the authority of one branch of the
government over another was argued today
In the supreme court of the District of
Columbia, with precedents dating from the
i my of Chief Justice Marshall. Tho mere
Tiiandumus proceedings of the Valley Paper
company of Holyoke, Mash., against the
joint congressional committee on printing
evolved Into a ecu teat of authority be
tween tho courts and congress and the
foundations were laid In a case as historic
as any In the annals of the judiciary.
Whether or not the printing committee can
be compelled by a court to rescind its ac
tion on purchases of paper for the public
printing and take Into consideration the
bid of the Valley Ft per company Is the
Immediate question. Whether congress and
its members in their official capacities and
clothed with constitutional Immunity are
amenable to the law, will be the ultimate
one, counsel on each side is ready to ad
mit Senators I a" n ore Order.
Today the senators of the printing com
mittee continued in their attitude to Ig
nore the summons of the court on the
grounds that It was without Jurisdiction
an4atere not present or represented by
counsel. They are Senators Root of New
York. Smoot of Utah and Fletcher of
Florida. True members of the committee
from the house, however, Allen F. Cooper
of Pennsylvania, George C. Sturglss of
West Virginia and David E. Flnley of
South Carolina, occupied seats in the front
row of the spectators and were repre
sented collectively and Individually by a
battalion of counsel. The Department of
Justice, too, was represented for the first
time today, to contest the Jurisdiction of
Contention of Committee.
The meat of the committee's plan In
answer to the pnpe.r company's mandamus
was that the company's bid was not the
"lowest In the best Interests of the gov
ernment" and that It failed to comply
with certain legal technicalities.
lP"n the question of Its relation to the
court! however, the graver contention was
made' that the members of the printing
committee were clothed with the constitu
tional Immunity conferred upon them by
their membership in congress; that they
did not act In a ministerial capacity and
that the mandamus, stripped of Its primary
features, was not a mandamus against the
printing committee at all, but really a
mandamus from the supreme court of the
District of Columbia to congress Itself.
The committee's plea was that as a com
mittee Its members did the same work
' which congress could do upon the floor
of both houses if It choee to do so.
Justice Wright announced he would hand
down his decision on Monday.
This presents a situation entirely new
In American Jurisprudence, the possibili
ties of three United States senators being
adjudged In contempt of court and the
possibility of a supreme court Justice be
ing accused of contempt of congress enter
JOINT MEETING OF MINERS
AND OPERATORS FAILURE
'tort to Reach Agreement on Wage
Scale la Abandoned for
KANSAS CITY, Mo.. Feb. 2B.t-At a Joint
convention of the coal miners and opera
tors and mine owners of the southwest
here today the comference committee ap
pointed to consider the wage scale for the
nt two years reported Inability to reach
aA agreement The committee was dis
charged and the Joint convention ad
journed. It Is said that an amicable adjustment of
the controversy is possible at a subsequent
Joint convention. The present wage scale
expires April 1.
The conference' committee had been In
wsslon fines Tuesday night.
The representatives of the miners In
sisted the new wage scale should Include
an Increase of 10 cents a ton and a pro
portlonate Increase In the wages of miners
paid by the day. but the representatives of
the operators refused to make this conces
sion which was demanded by the United
Mine Workers of America at their recent
The miners will continue to consider
routine matters today and .tomorrow.
LITTLE GIRL BURNED TO
DEATH PARENTS ABSENT
Kl ve-Yenr-Old Irtlni Wa Muffins;
Paper Into the Kitchen
MAnSHALLTOWN. Ia., Feb. K. (Spe
cial Telegram.) Lucile Harrison, uged 8,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs Homer Harrison,
living fivs miles from here, was burned to
death last night whlie stuffing paper In
the, Kitchen stove. The parents were ab
sent from the house at the time. Returning
to the house, they found their daughter
dead on the floor.
EDDY IS FOUND NOT GUILTY
7(lry in Metle Plain Martler Cms
Frees Detective ftuaperteal of
VINTON. Ia., Feb. 25 -The Jury in the
eae of George Eddy, indlctrd with Fran
1 Guthrie for the alleged murder of
ilrs. Gulhg-. at Belle Plain, trn years ago,
returned verdict this morning 0f not
WASHINGTON, Feb. ..-Consideration
of the administration bill to crente a
court of commerce and amend the Inter
state commerce laws was concluded today
by the senate committee on Interstate
commerce and .It was ordered reported.
The vote was t to 4.
The majority report will recommend the
pa-sago of the bill In form practically as
It was revised by Attorney General Wlck
ersham. Tho minority also will report.
Thero were three absentees when the
committee met. They were Tillman of
South Carolina, Foster of Louisiana and
Taylor of Tennesie-!. With these democrats
absent the result wns a foregone conclu
sion, resulting as follows:
For the administration bill Senator Kl
klns (VV. Vs.), Cullom (111.), Aldrlch (II. I ),
Kean (N. J ). Crane (Mass.), and Nixon
Against Clapp (Minn.), Cummins (Iowa).
Newlands (Nev.), and Hughes (Colo.).
The bill, which was reported to the sen- !
ate by Mr. Klklns. soon afier that body
convened, Is tho same as was Introduced
on January 11 In the senate by Senator
Klkins and In the house by Representative
Townsend of Michigan, with amendments
suggested by Attorney General Wlcker
sham on February 24 and by Messrs. 131
klns and Townsend re-introduced.
Gamble Gets Cash
for Sioux Falls
South Dakota Senator Succeeds in
Getting Favorable Report on
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Feb. 25.-(Speclal Tele
gram.) Senator Gamble today secured a
favorable report on his bill increasing the
limit of cost for Improvement and exten
sion of the federal building at Sioux Falls
from $100,000 to $190,000.
The president sent to the senate today
nominations of the following postmasters:
Nebraska Albion, George W. Williams;
Elmwood. William K. Sargent.
Iowa Clinton, E. L. Martlndale; Keota,
Lauren E. Hulse; Monroe, Henry A. Per
rin; Sioux Ranids, Lucy B. Smith; Wil
liamsburg. Harry E. Hull.
South Dakota Flandreau, E. C. Akam;
Leola, Frank D. Lowry.
Rural carriers have been appointed as
Nebraska Havelock, route J, Joseph L.
Wood, carrier; no substitute; Rulo, route
1, Fred Jondrow, Carrier; no substitute.
Iowa Fort Dodge, route 1, Stephen E.
Hartnett, carrier; no substitute; Hender
son, route 1, K. P. Duysen, carrier; J. H.
Parker, substitute; Keystone, route 1,
Julius Klapphols, carrier; Emma Klapp
holi, substitute; St. Charles, route 1, Henry
R. Hurlbut, carrier; Ernest E. Hurlbut,
South Dakota Wagner, route 2, Will W.
Townsend. Jr., carrier; W. W. Townsend,
Postmasters appointed are as follows:
Nebraska Minatare, Scott's Bluff county,
W. B. Swindell, vice O. O. Piernont. re
moved. Iowa Hoprlg. Emmet county, Charles
Blair, vice O. L. Puugh, resigned; Prole,
Warren county, Ernest M. Burkhead, vice
W. J. Slinker, resigned.
South Dakota Sheffield, Beadle county,
John A. York, vice C. C. Ersted, declined.
to Be Appealed
Cabinet Takes Action in Case Against
New York World Recently
WASHINGTON, Feb. 25. As a result of
the cabinet meeting, Attorney General
Wlckersham today telegraphed to District
Attorney Wise at New York to note an
appeal from the decision of Judge Hough,
dismissing, for want of Jurisdiction, the
Indictment against the Press Publishing
company (New York World) on the charge
of libel In connection with the Panama
NEW YORK, Feb. 26. District Attorney
Wise will at once begin preparation of the
appeal In the Panama libel case to the
United States supreme court. The defend
ants have recently asked that an appeal
be taken that the question of whether the
Indictment was authorized or not by the
statute should be finally determined by the
court of last resort.
MRS. FLAGLER KILLED BY CARS
Widow of General In Automobile
struck by Rxprea Two
NIAGARA FALLS. N. Y.. Feb. 23.-Mrs.
Benjamin Flagler, widow of General Flag
ler, was killed, Mrs. George F. Nye was
fatally Injured and her daughter, Miss
Nye, was seriously hurt today when a New
York Central express train struck the auto
mobile In which they were riding. All were
residents of Nelagara Falls.
Preparing for a high old time at the ex
pense of the stepfather of one of them,
was what three boys and two girls were
doing when Officers Maloncy, Van Deusen
and Murphy walked Into a room at 401
North Sixteenth street.
There was champagne and cigars and
plenty to eat. while the room was furnished
with a quantity of nlcknacks evidently
the result of a despoiling expedition inio
some person's drawing room. A rifle a
alto part o- the bJoty. Where It came from
the officers proceeded to lnvevtlgaie, and
on tha way to ths station one of the chil
"It came from the house of my step
father," said Jay Wyman.
lnvestlstlon proved the truth of this,
and ths discovery of the further 'act that
Acts Limiting; Supply of Meats and
BIG MEN ARE ON LIST
Armour, Swift, Morris and Hammond
Pnxei'Btor finven Says if Men In
dicted Do Not Appear for Trial
He Will Secure lleqnlal.
tlona for Their Arrest.
NEW YORK, Feb. 25. "The Rerf trust."
of the United States, embracing six great
pai.klng companies and twi nty-one p.ickei s.
S'-veral of them multi-millionaires, socially
and Industrially prominent, wire Indicted
by a gland tlll'V in Hudson pnlintv. New
Jersey, today, charged with conspiracy in
limiting the supply of meat and poultry.
The indictment Is drawn under the law
of New Jersey, which provides upon con
viction a maximum penalty of three years
In the penitentiary oi a fl.000 fine or both.
The offense Is extraditable, which means
practically that tho meat barons must
either successfully resist extradition, or
come to Jersey City for trial.
Pierre Onrven, the public prosecutor of
Hudson county anoiinced tonight that he
would forthwith notify the defendants of
their Indictment, and would be ready to
force extradition In each case where the
individual concerned Is not willing to face
List of Defendants.
The defendants as named are as follows:
The National Packing company.
Armour & Co.
Swift utid company.
Morris A- Co. a
Hammond Packing c'mpany.
G. H. Hammond & Co.
L. A.J. Ottden Armui Thomas J. Conners.
... i oibuii ii I luur, p. A hntv pr
I.olHs I Swift
L. H. Ilevman.
Edward F. Swift.
Charles 1 1. Swift.
Ira N. Morris.
L. A. Carton.
Thomas E. Wilson.
J. 15. Bathgate, Jr.
George J. Edwards.
Frederick B. Cooper.
I. E. Hart well.
Henry B. Darlington.
A. A. Fuller.
Lemuel C. Patterson.
Which hrlstlps In Itu
arraignment of the men named, also refers
10 divers others" as being responsible.
These latter, however, are not specified.
Hexiilt of Price .Probe.
The list of names, it will be seen, repre
sents the backbone of the great packing
industry of this country, containing as it
does two Armours, three Swifts and two
Morrises, most of them residents of Chi
cago, together with less important figures
In the packing world. Their indictment
brings to a climax the first concerted effort
In the east to fix responsibility tor the pre
vailing abnormally high price of com
modities. Jersey. City Is a cold storage center where
tjic packing companies of the west main
tain vast warehouses in which countless
thousands of pounds of meat and poultry
are stored proved a fruitful source of In
vestigation. More than a month ago the
inquiry by the grand Jury was started, cold
storago plants were Inspected, witnesses
were examined arid today the indictment
was handed up (n the supreme court before
Pustlces Blair and Carey.
CANE STRIKERS PILLAGING 1
FARMS AND KILLING ANIMALS
Forrlun Consnltes In Guadalonpe
Are Guarded by Police and
Cruisers on Way.
POINT-A-PETRE, Guadeloupe, Feb. 25.
Forces of police have gone to St. Francois
to protect the natives there, several of
whom have been killed during the disturb
ances arising from the strike of sugar
cane cutters. The strikers have gathered
in large, numbers at St. Francois and are
pillaging the surrounding country and
killing domestic animals for food.
Tho foreign consulates are guarded by the
police. Several sugar grinding factories
have been burned.
Governor Gautret today announced the
arrival of reinforcements of troops from
Martinique and that the French armored
cruisers Victor Hugo was on the way here
to aid In preserving order.
NAGEL WANTS FUNDS TO HELP
STAMP OUT WHITE SLAVERY
Secretary Telia Committee aii)O,OO0 a
Year Would He Well Spent
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2i.-The expendi
ture of $100.0)0 a year in stamping out the
"white Blave" traffic would be money well
spent, said Secretary Nagel in submitting"
to the houne a recommendation that the
total estimate for regulating Immigration
be Increased from $2,400,000 to $2,501.01)0.
Mr. .Nagel says tht enforcement of the
"white slave" traffic bill, now In confer
ence between tho two houses and expected
to become a law In a few days, will cost
$109,000 and that the work will have to be
prosecuted differently than the ordinary
Immigration law enforcement.
Nipped in Budj
no one was ln tho house when the raid
Wyman, when not elsewhere, claims the
residence as his home, and thither, about
4 o'clock Thursday afternoon, according to
the police story, he took Wilber Cuyne
k North Twenty-third street, who helped
him to carry away the spoils.
The other youth arrested U Floyd
Bolster, 1(24 Cass street, but ha says he
Just dropped Into the room on his way
home from work.
The two girls, Marie Sears and Maud
Mlley, are from Council Bluffs.
All are charged with entering the Saun
ders home at 1822 Maplt street,
Floyd Bolster was discharged at the Fri
day session of police court. The other
members of the Joyous party will be given
a hearing on Monday.
lII fliiii isSBSl s&zi "l '
In the Newspaper Composing
Blocks the Way."
SEED CORN PULPIT THEME
Holden Appeals to Iowa Min
isters to Preach It.
NEBRASKA NOW ALIVE TO DANGER
Montgomery to Make Appeul
Lincoln Commercial Club
Today Farmers Am
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
DES MOINES, la.. Feb. 25.-(Special Tel
egram.) Ministers of Iowa have been for
mally asked by Prof. Holden, the state
corn expert, to preach sermons on the sub
ject of seed corn and the Immense Im
portance of taking care to plant good seed
that the crop may be good. He suggests a
number of appropriate texts which would
tend to stir up the people to the immi
nent danger of famine from a crop failure
In Iowa. This with the work being done
by commercial and farm organizations,
It Is believed, will have good effect.
LINCOLN TO HEM IN COHN TEST
Commercial Club There Co-operates
with Omaha In the Crusade.
The Lincoln Commercial club, in co-operation
with the Omaha Commercial club,
has decided to take up the matter of pub
licity to Induce the farmers of the state to
use great care in the selection of their
seed corn, especially for this year, when
It has been demonstrated that but 27M
per cent of the corn will grow. E. G. Mont-
gomery, head of the agromony experi
mental department of the University of
Nebraska, will address the Commercial
club of Lincoln Saturday. He has already
reported to the Omaha Commercial club
that there Is cause for alarm.
By one of the most interesting tests ever
made the publicity bureau of the Com
mercial club has demonstrated that corn
containing from 21 to 2S per cent moisture,
after freezing, or being exposed to low tem
peratures, will not germinate.
This test is intended to show that even
the corn left In the fields had better be
tested before It Is planted, for If It con
tained an excessive amount of moisture It
will not grow.
Some corn that tested 89 per cent before
It was soaked and made to contain 22 per
cent moisture tested but 28 per cent after
It had been exposed for seventy-six hours
to temperature below 20 degrees Fahren
heit. Another ear testing 91 per cent be
fore the moisture was added and the cold
applied, fell to 4G per cent when it was
pttt In the germination box.
This Is Prise Corn.
The corn was ohtuitud from John Aye at
Blair, one of the prise winners at the Na
tional Corn exposition. When It was tested
lust week It was about the highest germi
nating corn In the box. The ten ears were
then used for tho moisture and freezing ex
periment. The coir, was found to contain
but 16 per cent moisture, so some had to
be added. Two ears were soaked about
four hours and they then contained 22.5
per cent moisture. They were taken to the
refrigerating plant of a creamery and kept
(Continued on Second Page.)
A few days ago a
man sold a sewing
that lie hadn't been able to give
always, by advertising It once lu
The Dee For Sale Columns.
The machine was all right,
but none of his friends or their
friends could find use for it.
The Bee Want Ada will sell any
thing under the Sun And they will
do it quickly.
If you ray rent on a 'phone It will
be all right to call Doug. 238
Want Ad Depart
Room Murphy, et up this headline, and keen it set. "Conrn-ess
Pfnln HiA f Tin..! Dln 1-
Oregon Roads in
Vice President of Oregon Railway
and Navigation Company Tells
Why Lines Were Abandoned.
NEW YORK, Feb. 2-.. Rival railroad
enterprises In Oregon were the sublect of
Inquiry trlflay at the hearing In the gov
ernment's Union Pacific-Southern Pacific
merger dissolution suit. I
Vice President J. P. O'Brien of the
Ore gan Hallway and Navigation company,
one of the merged lines testified today.
Asked about the branch line which thr
Oregon Railway and Navigation compam
began to build out of Goose Bay, - Oregon
In 1907, but which was subsequently
abandoned, Mr. O'Brien adml'ted that the
company refused to complete this line be
cause the people of Goose Boy would nut
guarantee it 4 per cent on the Investment
over and above th cost of maintenance
"Prof. Astro" is
Shot by Posse
Man Who Broke Jail at Hot Springs,
Ark., Recaptured After a
SPRINGS. ' Ark., Feb. 23.-A. C.
alias H. S. Daniels, sometimes
known as "Prof. Astro, the Handcuff
King," who, with sixteen other prisoners,
broke Jail here the night of February 12,
was run to earth today.
In attempting to escape from a pursuing
posse in the mountains near Okolona, Clark
county, Conlin was shot, but the degree of
his Injury Is not known. Only meager de
tails of his capture were received here by
Sheriff Houpt by telephone and it will be
impossible to bring Conlin back until to
morrow. Conlin Is wanted in San Francisco to
answer a charge of grand larceny. After
his arrest he declared he would never' go
back to face the charge and his brotlier
announced that he would spend $50,000 In
NICK IGNORANT OF PLOT
Son-ln-Lavr Snys He Knows Nothing
of Hooevelt-I'oruUer Mrheme
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2.". Nicholas Lnng
worth, representative from Ohio and s.n-in-law
of Fx-Presldint Roosevelt, today
deried that he had any knowledge of tho
"hellish plot," as he called It, between ex
I'resident Roosevelt. former Sc nat.ir
Foraker and himself to carry Ohio for
the republican ticket, naming himself for
governor and Foraker for senator.
IIoks at lllith otch.
CHICAGO, Feb. 2r,.-Another slight ad
vance today mark-d the upward trend of
live hog prices at ih stock wards, the
animals selling at $170 a hundred wclclu.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 25. The United
States leads the world as an exporter of
tobacco and ls the second loading muikel
of tho world for Imported tobacco, accord
ing to statistics of the Department of
Commerce und Labor.
Last year the United States supplied
$41,000,000 In a total of approximately jr,0,
000,000 worth of tobacco and tobacco manu
factures which entered International mar
kets. More than $1,000,000,000 worth of tobacco
arid tlia manufactured u bac.co have passed
through ports of the United States sine j
PC", the value or the exports tn that period I United States $Y,OdO,000 worth, of which
having aggregated $1,46.000.000 and tho Ira- I $."6,00j,000 worth was raw material,
ports Into the United Slates $:it6,W0.OA j The tobacco crop of the United States In
Thess figures are exclusive of trade pass- 1903 wua 718,000,000 pounds valued at $74,
lng between llils country und 1U uon-!uuA
NO BANK FAILURE IN YEAR
Nebraska's Financial Institutions Are1"8"'6" Badd,lery ,lron,and "'
. i and oil. The raise, therefore, would have
On Sound BaSIS, j a wide, sweeping effect.
The claim is made that an advance of 10
TlFPflPT fV nrrTJT7TA"?V P fWCP per cent ln aU thC8G P0Juct,, would ma-llJil-ORl
01 SECRETARY R0YSE i t.rlally ndd to the cogl of llvlngi for
1 I though the advance might be small per
Executive Head of State Department j pound on goods that are retailed, the ro-
Snys it Would Take Cyclonic
Money Disturbance to
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Feb. 23. (Special.) Secretary
Royse of the State Banking Board has
sent to tho printers tho copy for his annual
report of the state banks for the last year.
His report will show that not a single
failure has occurred during the year which
the report covers. The following figures
show the Increases compared with the re
port of a year ago:
Total resources Increased $ 9,130,178.43
Number of banks Increased 84
Number of depositors increased. 8,307
Number a ... cmfw cmf cmf cmfw cm
Capital Increased $ 1,122, 210. CO
Deposits increased $ 7. SM. 873. 62
Loans increased $10.aOO,3bO.L'0
Average deposit ror each deposi
tor in state bank S
Average per-caplta deposit in
state banks $
Average per-caplta deposit In all
banks, etato and national $
Average deposit to each state
bank 1 110.700.35
Average deposit In all banks.
state and national I
Averago capital of stale banks.. $
Average capital of all banks.
Pttile and national t
Avtrap.e number of people to
eacn state bank
Average number of people to all
banks, state and national
Inert aso ol loan? ln all banks
slate and national ' $24,28,306.37
Increase of deposits In all banks.
state and national $18,404,370.47
Ration of capital to deposits ln
DanKs is 1 to 6.01
Ratio of canltnl to rinnonlts In
all banks la 1 to 5.91
The report says:
State flanks Are Snfe.
"A careful examination of the contents
of this report will show the hanks in thl.
state as a rulo both prosperous and safe.
The spirit and letter of the banking law ls
generally complied with in a satisfactory
manner and the rules and reculatlons of
this department meet with very ready re
sponse upon the part of the banks.
"During the last year thche have been
some Instances of mismanagement, but no
fcerious consequences have folluwed, for tho
reason thut remedial measures were
promptly and efficiently applied.
"Your secretary believes that It is the
province of this department to prevent
bank failures by such close supervision as
will prevent insolvency first and loss after
wards. "The records of the last year will show
biugie aniuro under the supervision
of this department, and not a dollar of loss
to a depoiitur. While the department
claims some credit for this showing It ls
only fair to state that It Is a tribute to
the high class of bank management that
generally prevails In the banks of the state.
Whilo tho foregoing Is certainly gratifying
(Continued on Second Page.)
.contiguous territories, which showed In
VM alone cigars nnd other tobacco brought
hi from Purlo Rico valued at $r,7D0,0eO and
fhip.ntnts of tohacco to Alaska, Hawaii
and Porto Rico valued at nearly $2 000,00.
second to the United Ststes In export,
tion of tobacco last year was Cuba, which
shipped $Cl,ri00.O0O worth and tho Dutch
Fast Indies ranked third with $23,000,000
and tho United Kingdom fourth with $7,
000.000. Germany arid the United States are the
world's ieadiiig markets, the former Im-
porting Itt.OOO.OuO worth last year end the
Means Differential in Favor of Other
Missouri River Cities.
BURLNGT0N WHOLE HOG OR NONE
Hill Line Now Uels More Revenne
Ont of Omaha Than Any Other
Tonn and Mill It De
Omaha Phlppcrs are Intensely aroused by
the plans of the Chleago-Omaha railroads
to make n general Increase of commodity
rales as set forth by The Beo. Realizing
what such a move means to the commercial
and Industrial life of Omaha, shippers pro
pose to resist the action In sumo organised
and effective manner.
They see In the move nothing more than
nink dlserlniinat Ion against Omaha for
tho one purpose of swelling tho already
gigantic revenues of the railroads.
Many of the big Jobbers would not be
lieve that the railroads expected to ralso
the rates of som of the commodities be
cause of the ample revenue they are al
"In tho absence of any detail I don't
understand how It Is possible for the rail- .
roads to raise tho rate on coal," said J. A.
Sunderland. "The railroads are now re
ceiving as much for hauling coal and
cement as they have received at any tltno
In the last twenty years. Their earning.!
on these commodities must be greatly In
excess of what they were formerly when
the maximum carload was twenty tons.
Now It Is fifty tons and the trains are
several times as long."
Goods In Commodity Class.
These goods Rre carried under the com
modity classification: Coal, soap, cement,
sewer pipe, agricultural Implements, wa
gons, engines, asphalt, bags and bagging,
brick, hollow building tile, beer, butter and
eggs, poultry, pitch and tar, cooperage.
taller would have to pay more and ho
would advance the price to the consumer.
Grain men and lumber dealers are now
engaged In tangles with tha railroads over
rates, and, If the meat fight Is but a starter
for the general raise contemplated by the
railroads, the transportation companies
will soon be mixing with many lirvs of
Some of the Jobbers soy they think It Is
up to the railroads to protect Omaha
aganst any differentials which may exist
In favor of Kansas City or any other city.
The Burlington receives more money from
Omaha than from any other city on Its
entire line, and last year nearly one
seventh of tho revenues of the company
were paid Into the coffers at Omaha and
yet this Is one of the lines that Is starting
the trouble by Insisting on its right to g t
tho long haul on the live stock from the
west instead of letting It stop at Omilia
I and then have to take a chance with the
other Omaha-Chicago lines.
lliy.h Beef Hate Curtain Hnlsrr.
. The question of rates from Omaha to
Chicago on dressed beef Is taking on a
more Interesting phase. It now appears
that this Is but tho curtain raiser to the
main performance which Is soon to be
gin. For many months the railroads have
been talking of a general revision of rates,
and now, so well-Informed traffic men
assert, the show Is about to open. The
announcemrnt from Chicago in the tele
gram published ln The Bee on Thursday
that the railroads there centering wre
looking at other rates with the Intention of
raising them is Interpreted to mean that
ja general boost on commodity rates of all
I kinds Is at hand. This will not be confined
I ' racking house products, but to every .
,hlnK tnttt ls nauled between the Missouri
' Chicago on dressed beef Is taking on a
more Interesting phase. It now appears
that this Is but the curiam raiser to tho
main performance which Is soon to be
river and the lakes Tho ral'roads have
determined to get greater revenue from
me traffic. That ls all.
Discrimination Is Open.
In the present case of the packing house
late, little complaint would be heard from
tho packers and live stock men If It weie
one that rested equally on all Hut It is
established so far as Omaha and Sioux
City are concerned, but It Is not operative
so far as St. Joseph am Kansas City am
Involved. With the Chicago & Alton and
the Wabash holding out, the new rate
amounts to a B-cent differential In favor
of tho packing towns down the river. It
amounts to more than that In realltv. fur
can haul the packing houso
products as far as Buffalo, thus giving
that line a claim on the freight for 1,0'K)
Instead of 500 mllps, and a consequently
larger proportional of tho rate to the mar
kets of the east, where the Omaha nifac
must be sent for sale In competition wltii
the meats dressed In Chlcugo. Omaha
j dressed meat does not figure on the mjr-
j ket at Chicago, but east of there It dors.
So tho present discrimination not only
irivis Kansas City and St. Joseph an ad
vantage, but also favors Chicago- In (ho
saint amount, or even more for the ul
.tlniaie market Jles beyond the Windy
I Action of Iloatls a I'axcle
Local traffic men who have bi en In Chi
cago since the rate was announced by The
Bee last wfek have come tiuU Uh the.
firm conviction that the Chicago-Omaha
lines are goiin afttr the hl;;her late in
I earnest, renordle of IM effect on local
i business. They are at a loss to account
fr the action of the Illinois Central, tin
Milwaukee and the Great Westrrn, roadi
that terminate in Omaha, In entering on
the crusade. Some power above the rste
Making authorities In Chicago must hav
taken an active Intcrert In the matter ia
order to brlntf about so clear and com
pelling an understanding as appear. id
exist. '1 he course of the Great Western
Is partly accounted for by the situation
already explained lu The lb. In otd?r
to bring this disturber ol rates to a real
ization of Its position, the other Chicago
roads turned over to It a lot of unroulaJ
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