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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 13, 1910)
THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: FEBRUARY 13. 1910.
' U I M III i TT-
nr i a
v jl nose srnoia oooas
The Mrnod" Knit Lap and
These are made of absorbent materials, amply thick,
fleeca lined and neatly edged with silk binding. The lap
pad is to be spread on the lap when holding baby. The
carriage pad is to use when taking the baby out for a ride.
Lap pad 18x18 inches, 50 cents.
Carriage pad 20x36 inches, 90 cents.
Ask for an "Arnold" catalogue, Infants' Department.
1518-1520 Faraam Street
creeses, 220 Increases and 1,160 Item o!
th dutiable list unchanged, but thin did
not represent the fair proportion In most
of the reduction and th Increases, be
cause the duties were decreased on those.
rtlclea which had a consumption value
of nearly ,000,000,XiO, while they were In
creased on those articles which had a con
sumption value of I Mis than ' $1,
WO.000,000. Of the " Increases the con
sumption values of those affected which
are of luxuries, to wit, silks, -wines,
liquor, perfumes, pomades and like ar
tlolf amounted to nearly 1000,000,000, while
tn Increase not on articles of luxury af
fected but about t300.0o0.000. as against flt
dreeses on about $5,000,000,000 of consump
Advance on Laxnrlea. '
"I repeat.', therefore,' that this was a
downward revision. It was not downward
with' reference to silks or liquors or high
priced cottons in the nature of luxuries.
It wu-envn want In 'f to nfir?y ftj!
their articles except woolens, which were
not affected at all. Certainly It was not
promised that the rates on luxuries should
be reduced. . The revenues were fall Ins. off;
there was a deficit promised, and It was
essential . that the revenues should be In
creased. ' It was no violation of the promise
to- Increase' the revenues by Increasing- the
tax on luxuries provided there was down
ward revision bn all other articles.
"The one substantial defect In compliance
with the promise of the platform was the
failure to reduce woolens.- Does that de
fect so color the action of the republican
party a to make It a breach of faith lead
ing to its condemnation. I do not think
so. ' Parties are like. men. Revisions are
like the work Of men they are not perfect.
The chant which- thl tariff effected was
a marked chance downward In the rate of
the duties, and It was a, recognition by the
party that the time had come when la
stead 'of .Increasing duties they . must be
decreased, when the party recognised In
Its platform, and In muoh of what It did,
that the proper measure of protection was
the difference In cost of production of arti
cles here and abroad. Including a fair
profit to the. manufacturer, "There was a
dispute as to What' that difference' la and
whether It was recognised In the change
of all the duties downward. Particularly
was tbjs th case on ; the materials that
enter Into the manufacture, of paper and
paper Itself. The reduction-on-print paper
was from X to I3.W. of about 87 per cent.
. Mark Misrepresentation.
-"There was a real difference of opinion
on the question. of fact whether the new
duty correctly measured the differences In
the cost of production of print paper abroad.
ana print paper here. It affected the count.
Ing rooms of the newspapers of the coun
try and Invited the attention of the news
paper proprietor who had associated them,
selves together like other Interests for the
purpose of securing a reduction of the tar
iff. The failure to make a larger reduction
showed Itself clearly In the editorial col
urana of a great number of the newspapers
whatever the party predilection. The
amount of misrepresentation to which the
tariff blUl In Its effect as a downward re
vision bill was subjeotcd has never been
exceeded in this country, and It will doubt
less take the actual, operation of th tariff
blU for several year to show to th coun
try' exactly what th legislation . and Its
effeerta are. It Is perhaps too early to In
stitute ths fairest comparisons between th
Payne-Aldrloh bill and the bill . which pre
ceded It, but th Fayne-Aldrlch bill has
been in operation now for sis months and
figure are at hand from which we may
make a reasonable Inference, first, as to
whether. It Is a 'revision downward, and,
second, as to Its capacity for producing
revenue, for It must be borne In mind
that the passage of the law was deemed
not only for th purpose of changing rates
In their ffot upon the industries of the
country, but also for the purpose of In
creasing th revenues, snd th success of
th measure I to b Judged by Its results
In both these respects.
ATar Mate et Daly. Paid,.
"The bureau of statistics Is authority
for the statement that during the first
alx months of th operation of th Payne
law, which has just ended, the average
rat cf duty paid on all dutiable Imports
was 11.09 per ceat ad valorem. Th aver
age rat of duty paid on all imports for
th same six months for the four pre
ceding years under th Dlngley law was
14.01. This would show that the reduc
tion In th Payne law is t.M per cent of
th value of th goods, or that th reduo
tlon below the previous tariff rates la
II pr eont, showing a downward revision
of this extent. In those goods which are
. dutiable. But this is not all. t'nder the
Payne law 61.1 per cent of the gross im
port of th last six months have been
entered. free, while under the four year
preceding, for the same six months, the
free list amounted to 45.44 per cent of
th total Importations; so there n not
only a reduction of duty on dutiable lin
porst of about 11 per cent, but also an
is lowered by coffee; and
endurance is an . essential
to permanent success.
f or steady strength. --There
iurgement of about th same percentage
of, th free list
Bill Produces Reveaae.
'For the production of revenue the
Payne law Is even more an Improvement
on the Dlngley bill. During the six
months that the Payne tariff was tp
force, from August C to the night of
February I, th customs receipts amounted
to $166,002. 814.14. Under the WilBon-Oor-man
tariff the aeml-annual average was
183,147,426.90. Under the Dlngley tariff
the semi-annual average was 1110,25,
141.84. Under the Wilson tariff the
monthly average was 111,157,187.15.
"Under th Dlngley tariff th monthly
average was $21, 710,171.14, . while under
the Payne tariff th monthly average has
been $37,477,141.74, or 100 per cent greater
than the monthly average under th Wil
son tariff and 24 per nt greater than
th monthly average under the Dlngley
,!'Qf .course as the country Increase, in
Population the customs receipts Increase,
but even considering th population th In
crease In the tariff receipt ' has been
marked. Under the Wilson tariff the aver
age annual customs receipt per capita
were $1.18; under the Dlngley tariff $3.23,
while under the Payne tariff they are $3.71.
Will Wipe -Out Deficit.
"For the six months' that the Payne tar
iff has been In force, the total reoelpts both
from customs and Internal revenue have
been $323,899,131.91, while th disbursements
have been $332,783,281.08, showing that the
expenditures exceeded the reoelpts by only
$8,884,051,17, with no collection a yet from
the corporation law. For the corresponding
period lest year th expenditure exceeded
the receipts by over $40,000,000. This show
ing Indicates that under the present cus
toms law the deficit will be promptly wiped
out, and that o meet our normal expendi
tures we shall have ample revenue. 1
therefor venture to repeat the remark 1
have had occasion to make bef or that the
present customs law s the best customs
law that ever ha been passed, and it .Is
most significant In this that It Indicates
on th part of the republican party the
adoption of a policy to change from an
Increase In. duties to a reduction of them
and to effect an Increase of revenue at
the same time.
. "The act has furnished to th executive
the power to apply th maximum and min
imum clauses In order to prevent tlndue
discrimination on th part of foreign coun
tries and this s securing additional con
cessions In respect to Impositions on our
foreign - trade,
"The act has done Justice to the' Philip
pine Islands by giving them free trad
with th United States.
value of Tariff Board.
"More than all this, the .new tariff act
has provided for the appointment of a
tariff board to secure Impartial evidence
upon which, when a revision of the tariff
seems wise, w shall have at hand the
data from which can be determined with
some degree of accuracy the difference
between the cost of producing articles
abroad and the cost of producing them
In this country.
"The great difficulty In the hearing and
discussion of the present tariff bill was
the abaenc 6f satisfactory and credible
evidence on either aid of the Issue as
to lower or higher tariffs. The importer
on the one hand and th manufacturer on
the other were preeent to give their falli
ble Judgment affected by their own pe
cuniary Interests as to the fact under
investigation. Men who were struggling
to find the truth were greatly perplexed
by the conflicting testimony,
"The tariff bill authorizes the presi
dent to expend $75,000 In employing per
sons to assist him in the administration
of the maximum and minimum clause and
to assist htm and other officers of the
government In the administration of the
tariff law,' I have construed this to mean
that I may use the board appointed under
this power not only to look Into the for
eign tariffs, but also to examine the ques
tion In respect to each Item In our tariff
bill, what th cost of production of the
merchandise tan. id and what Its cost is
abroad.' This U not an easy task for
Impartial experts and It requires a large
fore,- I expect to' apply to congress this
year for the sum ot $250,000 to organise
a fore through which this Investigation
may go on and the results be recorded
(or the use of th executive and con
gress, when they desire to avail themselves
of th record. In tills way any subse
quent revision may be carried on with
the aid of data secured officially and
without regard to Its argumentlvo effect
upon the question of raining or lowering
duties. Taken as a whole, therefore, I do
not hesitate to repeat that the republican
party has substantially compiled with Its
promise in respect to the tariff, and that
It haa set itstlf strongly In the right
direction toward lower tariffs and fur
nished the mean by which such lower
tariff can b properly and safely fixed. -"An
Investigation by the tariff board of
the sort proposed will certainly take a full
two year or more. Meantime the operation
of th present tariff promises to be con
sistent with the prosperity of the country
and with the furnishing of sufficient funds
with which to- meet th very heavy, but
necessary, expenditures of carrying on our
Postal Saving Beaks. .
"Th republican national platform con
tained th following:
' "We favor th establishment of a postal
savings bank system for the convenience
of tha people and th encouragement ef
"A hill has been introduced to establish
a postal savings bank. Th great difficulty
la the bill seems to have been to secure a
proper provision for the management and
Investment of th money deposited. The
great advantage of a postal savings bank
! th encouragement to thrift of those
who fears of th solvency of any depos
itory eioept a government depository
tempt them away from saving. A govern
ment promts to repay seems to be specially
effective In leading people to save and de
posit their savings. Th machinery of th
Postofflc department, with Its 40.000 post
office and 40.000 money order offices of
fer an economic! and far-reaching ma-
chine Tor the reception In places remote
from banks, and among people who fear
banks, of that which but for the oppor
tunity they would not save but spend. The
low Interest offered to It. that of 1 per
cent, prevents such postal savings banks
from Interfering with regular savings
bank whose rate of Interest always is In
exeeso ot I per cent. In the preeent etag
of the senate bill, there have been Inserted
amendments drawn apparently for the pur
pose of having money deposited aa savings
In government poMofflcea distributed
through the looallty where deposited In the
banks, slate and national, and when de
posited to make It Impossible for the trus
tees of the fund appointed Under the law t
withdraw the money for Investment In any
. Araeadment May Defeat I. aw.
"I regard such an amendment as likely
to defeat th law. First, because takes
away a feature which ought to be present
In the law to assure It constitutionality.
If the law provided that th trustees to
be appointed under the law, with the
fund thus deposited, could meet the
financial exlgenclea of the government by
purchase or redemption of the government
$ per cent and other bonds, the measure
would certainly be within the federal
power, because the postal banks would
then clearly be an Instrument of the na
tional government In borrowing money.
W have now about $700,000,000 of 1 per
cent bonds, with respect to which we owe
a duty to the owners to see that those
bonds may be taken care of without re
duction below tht par value thereof, be
cause they were forced upon national
banks at this low rate In order that the
bank might have a basis of circulation.
Thla Implied obligation of the government
the postal savings bank funds would
easily enable it to meet. . Secondly, if th
funds are to be arbitrarily deposited In
all banks, state and national, without na
tional supervision over the state banks,
and a panto were to come. It Is difficult
to see how the government could meet Its
obligations to Its postal aavlngs bank de
positor, because with every bank sus
pending payment the funds of the postal
savings banks would be beyond the con
trol of the government and - we should
have a financial disaster greater than
any panic w have hitherto met. A pro
vision that when the money Is not needed
to Invest In government bonds or to re
deem th same it may be deposited in
national banks In the neighborhood of the
place of deposit will avoid th great dan
ger of a panic and .will strengthen a
banking system which I an arm of the
federal government. I sincerely hope
that before the measure la hammered Into
Its final shape It may take on these char
acteristics, which shall give It a consti
tutional validity and sound financial
strength and usefulness. Those who In
sist upon the elimination of these two
necessary, characteristic features of the
bill will put the party in the position
where it cannot hope to escape the charge
that It did not In good faith seek the
passage of a -postal Favlngs bahk aot, and
Is not teeklng therefore to comply v with
(he promise of the republican platform
In that regard.
Regulation of . Railroads.
"On the subject of railroads,, the repub
lican platform said:'
1 We approve th enactment ot th railroad
rate law and the vigorous enforcement by
the present administration of the statutes
against rebates and discriminations as a
result of which the advantages formerly
possessed by the large shipper over the
smaller shipper have substantially disap
peared; and in this connection we com
mend an appropriation by the present con
gress to enable the Interstate Commerce
commission to thoroughly Investigate and
give publicity to tha account of interstate
railroads. W believe, however, that the
Interstate commerce law should be further
amended so as to give railroads the right
to make and publish traf fio agreements
subject to the approval of the commission,
but maintaining always th principle of
competition between naturally competltlng
lines and avoiding the common control of
such lines by any means whatsoever. We
favor such national legislation arid Super
vision as will prevent the future overissue
Of stocks and bonds by interstate carriers.
Bills In Both Houses.
"A bill to carry out these declarations
haa been Introduced in both house and the
senate and 1 now being considered before
the appropriation commute of thee two
bodle and there Is every hope that th
bills thus Introduced in substantially the
same shape as introduced will be enacted
Into . law. . Indeed this railroad measure
goes further than the promise of the plat
form, for while It subjects the Issue of
stock and bonds to the restrictive super
vision ot tha commission, prevents further
watering of .securities .and forbids the ac
quisition by a railroad company of stock
In a competing line, it also put much
more power into the hands of the commis
sion for the regulation of rates and It
facilitates In every way the ease of super
vision by the commission of the railroads,
to secure a compliance by the railroad with
the right of the public and of the shipper.
The bill was prepared by the attorney gen
eral, after a full conference with the Inter
state Commerce commission, the repre
sentatives of the shippers and the repre
sentatives of th railroads, and while It
we not the result of an agreement of ill
of ' the parties Interested, It was drafted
with a view of meeting all the fair objec
tions made by every one of them.
Modification of Injunctions.
"The platform further provided:
"The republican party will uphold at all
times the authority and Integrity of the
courts, state and federal, and will even
Insist that their powers to enforce their
ptoc"He and to protect life, liberty and
property eh all be preserved Inviolate. We
bulieve. however, that the rules to pro
cedure In the federal courts with respect to
ti'6 Issuance of the writ of Injunction
tifiuld be more accurately defined by stat
ute and that no injunction or temporary
re' reining order should be issued without
no;l'. exceiut whore Irrebaiable lnlurv
woud result from delay. In which ease a
speMy hearing thereafter should be
"A bill to csrry out exactly this promise
lias been Introduced Into both the senate
and hause, and will doubtless come up for
consideration and passage. The bill does
not go as far aa Mr. Compears and the Fed
eration of Labor demand, but it goes aa
far as the republican convention wa will
ing to let It go, and It is so drawn aa to
make an abuee of the Issuance of Injunc
tion without notice very Improbable. It re
quires that no Injunction shall be Issued
without full notice and hearing unlaws to
prevent Irreparable Injury, and that In such
case the court ahall make a finding from
th evldenee adduced pointing out what the
injury anticipated Is and -why irreparable,
and why there la not time to give notice.
and after th Injunction ahall be Issued
without notice It Is provided that such in-1
Junction shall lose It force at the expira
tion of five days, unless a hearing Is had.
''The platform also promised statehood
to Arisona and New Mexico, and the bill
providing such statehood has passed the
house anil has been favorably considered
by the committee ot the senate, so that
there seems to be no reasonable doubt that
this promise will be fully kept.
"The republicans In their platform spoke
further as follows:
We endorse the movement Inaururated
by the administration for the conservation
ot natural resources; we approve all meas-
. n rwpAuv. . . . - . . i
" "' hjuuot; w
rtTtlonfrrtd land. anS'reTffn-m Vh.
of the availuole areaa of th publlo domain
to the landless settler. No obligation of
the future Is more insistent and none will
result In greater bleesli.gs to posterity. In
line with this splendid undertaking Is the
large ana conipreaeneiva piaa, jusi u ail
portions of the country of the waterways,
harbors and great lake, a hose natural
adaptability to the Increasing trafflo of the
land Is one of the greatest gifts of a be
"la accordant meaa-
ure for the conservation of the publk
domain for the reclassification of lands
lccordlng to their greatest utility and the
vesting of power In th executive to dts
poee of coal, phosphate, oil and mineral
lands, and of water power sites In such a
way an to prevent their monopoly, and
union of ownership In syndicate of com
bination have been already Introduced, and
will doubtless In a form approved by con
gress be made Into law. The subject has
attracted th widest. Interest and it Im
portance Is becoming more and mor Im
pressed upon tb American people.
Rivera and Harbor.
"The river and harbor bill which has
Just been reported by the river and har
bors committee of the house, has been
framed with a view to complying with the
plank of the platform I have Just abov
quoted. It has taken the P'n for the Im
provement p fthe Ohio river from Pittsburg
to Cairo o a project to be carried out In
a certain number of years fcnd It has
treated similar projects for improvement
of the Missouri from Kansas City to Bt.
Louis, for the Improvement- of the Missis
sippi from et. Paul to Bt. Ixuls and of
the same river from Bt. Iuls to Cairo,
and by continuing contracts and regular
appropriations these projects will go until
they sre completed. This Is a change from
the previous plans and Is th result of an
extended popular agitation in favor of suoh
a system. '
Eeoaomr la Administration.
"Following th panic Of 1B07 tho govern
ment revenue fell off and th expenditures
continued as before, leaving a deflolt for
the years 1907, 1808 and 1909. Ther was.
however, no deficit In th whole adminis
tration of Mr. Roosevelt when the expenses
are compared wltn the revenues. Indeed, It
will be found that under the operation of
the Dlngley bill, which covers most Of hi
administration and the first six months of
the present administration the surplus on
the whole was about $250,000,000. At the
beginning of this administration, however;
It was perfectly evident that with ex
pense Increasing and revenues decreasing
there -would be a continuous deficit, and
this the republican party, with It majority
In congress and the responsibility placed
upon It, has proposed to meet by reducing
expenditures and Increasing revenue.
"J. have already shown what the Increase
In revenue haa been. The present adminis
tration In Its estimates for th year ending
Juno 20, 1S1L' cut thein S4R14 forty ti J mil
lion dollar below th aotual appropriations
ot the yor before, and now it is proposed
to appoint a Joint commission, consisting of
congressmen, senators ' and members ap
pointed by th executive, who shall ex
amine the organisation of the various de
partments and bureaus, and by the elimi
nation ot duplication, the construction ot
bureau and the Increase In efficiency of
the Individual civil servant, shall decrease
the regular permanent cost of governmental
operation. . '
"With respect to trusts, the republican
party spoke aa follows in Its platform:
"The republican party passed tha Sher
man anti-trust law over the democratic op
position and enforced It after democratic
dereliction. It has been a wholesome Instrument-for
good In the hands of a wise
and fearless administration. But experience
has shown that Its effectiveness can be
strengthened and lis reaj objects better at
tained by suoh amendments as will give
to the federal government greater supervis
ion and control over and secure greater
publicity In the management ot that class
of corporations engaged In Interstate com
merce having power and . opportunity to
effect monopolies, ,
"Since this plank was adopted prosecu
tions of the Tobacco trust and the Stand
ard Oil trust begun In the last administra
tion hare gone on and .hav resulted In
decrees in the court of appeals of the Sec
ond and Eighth circuits, which are now
pending on appeal in the supreme court.
The decrees , in each case tear-apart .the
congeries of subordinate corporations,
which united by holding companies, make
up the trust -In each case, and enjoin In
dividuals from a further maintenance of
the Illegal combination of such corpora
tions to carry pn the business for which It
was organised, i .
. "It has been said that the republican
party made a promise, so to amend the
law as to ameliorate and soften the appli
cation of the trust law in Its interdiction
upon business as conducted by tha greater
corporations, but I find nothing In the
platform to Justify such a construction.
The principle of the anti-trust law I that
those engaged in modern business, espe
cially with respect to their competitors of
live' and live,' and that they shall not use
the blgnes of their firm to frighten ex
clusive patronage from their customers
and the elimination of smaller concerns
from competition, and thus control output
and fl prices.
Federal Charter Bill.
; "The. attorney general has prepared a
bill which he thinks, and I think, will offer
to those who wish to pursue, a lawful
method of business the means of easily
doing so. A . lawful Interstate, business
under the protection of . federal charter,
which, while It will subject the business
ot th concern to the closest scrutiny at
government officials, will save the busi
ness from harrassment by state authori
ties and will give It that protection which
its peaceful pursuit of Its business as a
federal corporation will necessarily secure
It. This measure kss met the approval of
these who fear too great concentration
of power In the federal government and of
those who deny the right of the fedtra,!
government in such eases to grant Incor
poration. I believe the act to be constitutional,-and
I believe1 that If enforced
it would furnish a solution of our present
difficulties, but as It was not specifically
declared for In the republican platform 1
do not feel Justified In ask trig the adoption
cf feuch an act as a party matter. I have
brought It forward, however', as a sugges
tion for meeting the difficulties which are
likely to be presented in the prosecution
of ri spooled illegal trusts as a means by
which they can. put their houses In order
and . take their places among those en
gaged In legitimate business.
CUDAHY L0SES TAX CASE
Kansas Snpreme Conrt Orders All of
Packer's Property on Assess
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 12. The supreme
court today ordered the county clerk of
Wyandotte county to put all property ot
the Cudahy Paoklng company on tha tax
I rolls. The compsny claimed that the fin
ished product Is not taxable.
Investor of Cylinder Press.
WORCESTER, Maes.. Feb. 13 -Thomas
II. lodge. a philanthropist and Inventor
of the cylinder printing preKs, died here
today, aged 87. - -
Roots, Barks, Herbs,
i That luifft rat meHlelnal nnvir in
I 'V"' fflc,ency' ,or ,uf1
f'-f nr,Chln th b,00d' M h? M
combined It Hood's Barsaparilla. whioh Is
Peculiar to Itself.
. .. , , . k . , :
1 testimonial received by actual
( count In two years a record vnneralleled
W0Tr or medlcme. Be sure to take
a j. g, "
rlOOa S OcirSaparilla
this spring. Get It today. It wltl mske you Initiative and referendum,
feel better, look better, eat and Sleep better. I "The democrat lo party cannot afford to
Get i. in usual form or chocolated I ct M the mouthpUce of the liquor inter
ttbltt callel Saraataba. 100. Dose 1U .1 ets- 11 cau have nothing in conunua with
CIIANZY DEAD FiOAT ASHORE
Believed 157 Drowned on Steamer
Off Coast of Minorca.
SOLE SURVIVOa IS DEMENTED
Only One of tie Victim I nn
American, Member of Vande
ville Tronp Believed Ma
fnlnery Went Wrong.
PALMA, Island of Majorca, Feb. U
Itodles were floating ashore today from the
wreck of the steamer Oeneral Changy,
which went down Wednesday with 157 on
board. The authorities posted men along
the coast to recover the bodies and also
to watch for small boats, In a desperate
hop that some or those aboard might
. Marcel Rod el, the Algerian austoms of
ficial, and the only known survivor, was
still unable today to give a lucid account
Of the disaster. .When the vessel went
down he clung to a piece of wreckage and
was washed ashore.
When tossed on the rocks h wss ren
dered Insensible and In this state remained
throughout the flight.
Reviving In the morning, he wandered
about aimlessly most of the day, finally
stumbling Into the village of Cludadela, al
Krom his rambling story, the authorities
first learned of the disaster and rushed
help to the nearest land point. They found
only a mass of wreckage piled up on the
Th villager say that even if the small
boats had been launched they couM not
have lived In the sea that raged Wednes
The Spanish officials state that a power
ful light will be immediately erected on the
north of Minorca island in the hope that
further wrecks at thl dangerous place
may be averted.
Owing to the difficulties of communica
tion between the villages In th abaenc
of telegraph lines, few additional detail
ot th wreck reached here today.
Tha route of the Algerian boats Is par
ticularly treacherous In bad weather.
The steamers Villa us Ruins and the
Isaao Plereire were wrecked on the same
forbldddlng coast. The Oeneral Chansy
missed the pass between the Islands ot
Minorca and Majorca, being either blown
out of Its oourse or rendered helpless
by the breaking down of Its engines or the
loss of Its propeller.
Th place where the vessel struck Is
known as "Llosa." Some reports have It
that th steamer broke in two and sank
at once, after it had struck and others,
that an explosion occurred.
Th heavy loss of lite Is attributed to the
proballty that during the howling tempest
all of the passengers and such of the crew
as were off duty were below. Other ex
planations are that the vessel struck with
suoh force that several bulkheads gave
way simultaneously and that the ship filled
and sank before any small boat could be
Ship Broken to Pieces.
PARIS, Feb. 12. Advices received today
by the French Transatlantic Steamship
company state that the loss of the General
Chansy occurred on Wednesday night
while the vessel was running before a ter
rible storm in the vicinity of the Boleario
Islands in the Mediterranean." When the
vessel struck a reef north of the Island of
Minorca the shock was terriflo and the ship
was broken to pieces.
' Considering the seaworthiness of ths
General Chansy and the experience of Cap
tain Cayol, shipping people believe that
the steamer must have becom unmanage
able through the breaking down ot it en
gine tr the loss of It propeller.
Th Oeneral Chansy went ashore near
Bergen In 1896, at which time it was hauled
off by the German oorbette Orlffen.
Only One American.
MARSEILLES, Feb. 12.-The French
Trans-Atlantic line states that no passen
gers embarked o'n the Oeneral Chansy
after the regular passenger list had been
According to this list the only American
on the steamer when It foundered off the
coast of Minorca on Wednesday night was
Leon Derando, a Vaudeville performer of
The woman reported a an American
was Mis Elsie Hery, who was born at
Epernay, France, but recently returned
from a trip to the United States. It was
reported yesterday that an American
named Delynn was aboard, but ' no such
name appears on the passenger list.
The steamship officials received nothing
during the day to encourage the hope that
more than one person out of the 167 on
. Among th other victims was Seoond
Engineer Lorensettl, who was a survivor
of the La Bourgogne disaster. At the
time he was picked up after having drifted
for days In on open boat.
Captain Cayol of the General Chanty
was considered by his employers, the
French Trans-Atlantic Steamship com
pany, as one of the most experienced and
careful of officers.
Incoming vessels' officers agree that the
weather experienced recently was the worst
In their experience.
News of other wrecks was received to
day. The schooner Mathllde, from Dun
kirk, which left Port de Bouc, Franee,
February 4 for St. Pierre, Mlquelon, with
a miscellaneous cargo, was wrecked last
Wednesday in the same vicinity as was
the General Chanzy. The fate of the
schooner crew is unknown.
BRYAN FOR COUNTY OPTION
(Continued from First Page.)
the saloonkeeper permits treating In his
place of bustnee. Treating is one of the
worst features of the modem saloon and
no defense can be made for K. Those
who desire to drink it moderation will, as
a rule, favor this laV, because they are
often forced by custom to treat and to
accept treats when they do not care to
do so. Only those Interested in the sale
of liquor can find objection to it, and. ob
jection from such a source is an argument
In favor of such a taw rather than
"The liquor question has been made acute
In Nebraska by the unsorupulousnes of
the liquor Interests. Instead of the sa
loon of former days, owned by a resident
and amenable, to some extent at least, to
the sentiment of the community, we have
the branch saloon, owned and operated
by a producer of liquor.
The liquor Interests interfere In all mat-
1 . ... ...
; rors tnsi may even remotely arrect their
' Interests. They made themselves odious
-t the last aelon of th. Nebraska leglala-
tur, Th, democrats had a majority In
i hn, h.n,h tt,m ,,, . 4K.
Do,n bra-"chM "rat time In th
states history, and the splendid record
ot the legislature has but one blot on It,
and that blot wa. put there by the liquor
' wMiwonea onougn cc vne
I senators to prevent the submission of th
;he solflsh, mercenary and conscienceless
crusade that the liquor tntrest hav or
gantznd against th homo and the state
against private virtue and public morals."
CANNON TALKS OF LINCOLN
(Continued from First Page.)
ham Lincoln add found In him the first
lawyer on the circuit, a kindly ititii ready
to make a helpful suggestion to any one of
the young lawyers, of which the speaker
was one. .
Again when the speaker was a delegate
to the republican state convention of I860
In Illinois, at which Llnooln was made th.;
presidential candidate of the state, the
men met. Mr. Cannon drove across the
pralrln from where ho lived to Che con
vention In a wagon railroads were few
and then only building.
"The convention was held in a wig
wam," said the speaker, "erected between
two buildings, but H was out of doors,
covered with green boughs cut' from a
nearby forest and the end of the wigwam
were open to permit the crowd outside to
"Before the convention wa fully organ
ised Dick Ogleeby, afterward senator and
governor, and John Hank brought upon
the platform two walnut rails said to
have been split by Lincoln and Hanks.
There were great cheer for the famous
rail splitter. The crowd waa so dense that
when there was a .call for Lincoln H could
not be broken to let him through, and he
was lifted over th head of the audience
to the poltform. Someone cried out: .
" 'Abe, did you split those rallsT"
A queer look passed over Lincoln's toes
and he replied:
"'John Hanks said we split those rails,
t do not know whether we did or not, but
I have split many . better one.' "
"I met Lincoln only once after hi elec
tion to the presidency. He wa on his
way to Charlotteatown, 111., to - bid - hi
stepmother good-bye before going to Wssh
Ington. He woe traveling on sa day tra'n,
riding in m day coach and surrounded by
other passengers, some congratulating him,
others advising, but most of them simply
crowding around to shake hi hand. They
all seemed to know him or felt that they
knew him. He made his last visit (o his
stepmother. Shei was ' Just a common
homespun woman, and to her h remained
until the end Just 'My boy Abe."
Lincoln's Great Teak.
Through on term as president and the
beginning of another the speaker sketched
in a graphic way Lincoln's life war, the
Inevitable, the strife among hi advisers,
the criticism and abuae heaped upon his
head after the first battle of Bull Run
and the almost' superhuman task the presi
dent carried to win hla fight for the right
as he saw It.
"When ministers of the gospel came with
advice which they believed to be divine
Inspiration," continued the speaker, "Lin
coln replied that if God intended to give
divine advice to anyone he believed H
would come to him upon whom laid the
responsibility, for he wss as anxious a
anyone to know the divine will, and aot
in accord with H.
"To me there Is no more inspiring Inci
dent In our whole history, nor one mor
pathetic, than that cf the tall gaunt form
of Lincoln with that sad Jjirt serene faee,
standing out against a darkening ky to
assure the men In ' the field and their
supporter at home that there wa still
manhood and real leadership- In the plane
Of highest responsibility. .
"The territories which Lincoln sought to
save from slavery hav surpassed, the
wildest speculation and prophecy . In. US0,
and th homestead act passed in Lincoln'
administration on hta recommendation has
converted the staked plain and th great
American desert Into an agricultural em
pire that has not a parallel anywhere.
The newer . west has double the total
wealth of the United State at the time
Lincoln was elected.
New Life for Soath. .
"But even more than that, tha policies
of Lincoln have brought a new life to the
south that rebelled against the union. In
the lost decade that section has had the
most remarkable development, until In Its
prosperity the south is almost willing to
admit that 'the stone rejected by the build
ers shall become the chief cornerstone of
"They have seen the light and this
achievement of a united country with the
same interest Justify, my assertion that
th republican party and what has been
wrought under its pollcte In this half
century make the most fitting monument
to Lincoln, under whose leadership th
slave was made fre, 'and of far greater
Importance, the white man waa set free.
"The pioneers of the generation to which
Llnooln belonged have passed away. With
the changed conditions tt is absolutely
neoessary that we should grow mor and
more competent In our respective callings
aa the old pass out and the new come in.
"I do not know the genesis of any of
you, but I will venture the statement that
you built castles In Spain when you were
boy and your effort to live up to them
never haa been fully realised yet that ef
fort has helped make the civilisation.
"If you desire to know who fifty year
from now will be the speaker of the house
of representative who may com to talk
to your successors on vLlncoln' birthday
anniversary, go to the machine hop, to
the, farm, to the publlo school and find
the children of the son of toll, who, under
God's flat, are eating bread lit ttie sweat
of their face and are building their castle
In Spain. There you will behold your suo-
H0LDEN OUT AFTER PLACE
Corn Ripert , Is aggesied
Head of th School m.t
tTOm a Bsnx4 Cvi mpO..it .
DES MOINES. la., Feb. 13.-(Speclal
Telegram.) At a meeting of the executive
committee of the Iowa Corn Growers' as
sociation today a boom waa started fur
Prof. P. G. Holdeh, the well-known corn
expert, for president of the state college
at Ames. It Is now assumed that Dr.
Storms will retire at the end of the year
and that Prof. Curtis wilUbe elected In
bis stead. But the friends of Holden have
started out to get him Into the race am
this' complicate the matter.
Requisition for Dead Man.
A deputy sheriff from here returned to
day from southern Missouri, having dis
covered that he went on an errand to
bring back a man who ha been dead two
weeks. He went armed with requisition
papers for George M. Davidson, under In
dictment for cheating, and on arriving at
his destination at Ave, Mo., discovered
that the paper would do no good, as the
man died January 28.
His Fonnd Net Gnlllr
C. S. Hlx, th Hedrick grocer charged
wun writing a Black Hand letter to Tor.
renc Reynolds with a view of extorting
money, waa rouna not guirty by the Jury
Lodge Property Taxed. 1
TOPEKA. Kan.. Feb. ML-The supreme
court today decided that protwrty used for
lodge purposes is not exempt from taxa
tion, but also decided that charitable in
stitutlfyis conducted by th lodge ore
COMMITTEE FOR TRANSFERS
Senate Irrig-ation Body Favors Bur
GOVERNMENT SLOW WITH WATEB
Lather Drake In Washington, PoW.
lowl.sr Trip to PMUde.phl. .. J
Member of Mint Cow.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Feb. HwSpeclal Tele
gram.) The Irrigation committee of the
nenate today decided to report favorably
with certain modifications Senator
Ourketfs bill giving settler on the third
section or an irrigation aitrn in Nebraska,
WtlA h.U. AtttAM.I.. ..II 1 1.1. . 1- -
- I . , w v.'M.pu rt nil;, mo
homestead laws, th right 1 transfer tha
some or leave their holdings until water
is produced thereon. There has been much
hardship worked through the preeent law.
the failure of th government to make
good on the Introduction of water being
responsible for muoh ortticlsm.
Ex-Assistant Secretary of War Oenrn
D. Melkeljohn was In Washington today
enroute to New Tork. Governor Melkel
john eeld the west wa standing by Presi
dent Tart and he believed the country
would come to recognise him a one of the
greatest president we have ever had.
Luther Drake of Omaha, president of the
Merchants National bank, arrived In
ttaehlngton last night from Phlladrtlphia,
where he attended the meeting of the
mint commission, of whloh he Is a mem
ber. This commission Is appointed an
nually and meet at the Philadelphia mint
:o examine die and other feature con
nected with the mintage of both gold and
silver coins. Mr. Drake will remain In
Washington until Monday. "
Rural carrier have been appointed a
Nebraska-Ttlden, route K Byron B.
Barkdoll carrier, John R. Christy substi
tute; route 1 Alva H. McKnlsrht carrier.
Lee Halsey substitute.
Iowa Klron. route 1. Bert Loomer car.
rler, no substitute; Paton, rout I, John
A. Bradshaw carrier, C. W. Bradshaw
South Dakota Corsloa. route 1 Sherman
C. Winner carrier, Alvln H. Putxer sub
stitute; Salem, rout z, Joseph Weber car
rier, no substitute.
Jamea H. Searby ha been aDnolnted
pdttmaster at Brltt, Cherry county, Ne
braska, vie W. Novak, resigned.
Clarence Conner of South Auburn. Karl
W. Wing of Wayland, Lewi Polsky of
Lincoln, Nob., and Marion L. Wilson and
Crarle C. Colliton of Cedar Rapids and
Rrymond V. Satchell of Elrtora. Ia.. have ;
betn appointed railway mail clerk. JT
Contraots for carry lnsr mall In wasmnaf
between postoffloe and railroad station
for four years from July t 1910, to Jun
30, 1914, were awarded today as follows:
Nebraska Beatrice. William H. Otto.
11,791 per year; Llnooln, 8. M. Mellck, li.ttt.
south Dakota Aberdeen, John Thomas.
Civil service examinations will he heM
March S for rural carriers at Able. Stroma-
burg and Table Rock, Neb.
PAY MILLION IN CLAIMS
Asjrents of Railroads Dlsena Work
' - Before Committee of
WASHINGTON, Feb, ..-Representative
of the claim department of some of th
big railroad Were before the house com
mittee on Interstate and foreign eommrB
today. One of them testified that last year 7
he settled claims amounting to more than '
Jl, 000,000 against his road.
Let Me Make
Your Spring Suit
In addition to a perfect fit, I give you
the latest style, the neweet fabrics and
expert, shape-retaining workmanship.
Suite to order, $20 to 940. Mode In
lit South Fifteenth
"The Prfti of Omaha' need no boosting1,
ror ob the top perch it now ie roosting.
Th best ooofc. wherever yoa go,
Tjse thl famous flow, yom know,
Th7 Just set their yeast and go to bed,
For they know on th morrow they
will bav good bread.
Mrs. t. s. lee;
41 North lth St., South Omaha.
Immaculate linen, the
"thum print" of a
AfeTIIRT properly laundered,
a smooth edge, neat fitting
collar aids wonderfully in building
good appearance and good impres
sions. You enjoy this sort of distinc
tion, don't you?
The kind of finish we put on your
shirts and collars will give you this
much sought Individuality.
Thore's a difference in laundry work
' let us show you where it lies.
Telephone Dougla I&I2
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