Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 13, 1910)
Powered by OpenONI
Kor Nebraska Fair.
For Iowa Fclr.
Sre weather report on page S.
PAGES 1 TO I.
VOL. XXXIX-NO. 35.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 13, 1910-SEVEN SECTIONS FORTY PAGES.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
EED CORN TEST
TO rREVENT LOSS
Oir.aha Commercial Club Aims at New
System to Increase Yield
Company Capitalized at Fourteen Mil
lion Dollars Placed in Hands of
Receiver in New York.
WILL NOT STRIKE
Four Thousand Men in Chicago
District Agree to Arbitrate
TO WALL STREET
Eusiness Methods Not Consistent with
Enforcement of Law Must Be
BIO LOSS DUE TO UNTESTED SEED
DEMAND FOR MORE PAY
AUDIENCE CHEERS UTTERANCE
Fully $13,000,000 Could Be Saved by
Use of Perfect Grain.
MODEL EXHIBITS AT CLUB ROOMS
Good and Bad Samples Shown by
Farmers and Grain Dealers.
CAMPAIGN FOR BETTER HARVESTS
Effort Will Bt Made to Induce All
Farmers to Teat Seed Before
Plant tar. and Thna Iasnr
Omaha, through the Commercial club, is
taking the lead In a state-wide campaign
to Interest farmer In testing seed corn In
order to prevent a loss, estimated at $13,
000,000 to Nebraska and also to increase the
yield of corn per acre.
Every newspaper, bank, implement dealer
and grain buyer Is asked to help. The feel
ing Is that seed should always be tested,
but there la more reason than ever to teat
corn this year aa some wai damaged by
early frosts and snows last fill.
More than that, the Commercial club is
tontiiig 3cd Com &iid Xp6CtS tO mOW that
at least two ears In every twelve will not
grow at all, while from four to alx ears
of corn in a dozen are not capable of pro
ducing good root systems and will grow
only inferior nubbina if the seed actually
produces anything more than a stalk.
In the club rooms some model seed corn
testers have been started, samples of corn
having been obtained from many different
parts of the state. The corn has been se
cured by direct application to farmers and
through grain dealers who selected
the ears from among those held by farm-
rs for seed.
Astonishing; Results of Testa.
The results of these tests are expected
to astonish farmers and business men. They
will be made known within a few daya.
Enough is known of some of the samples
to show that two ears in every twelve fall
Nebraska plants about 6,500,000 acres of
corn every year. If the farmer plants corn
which Is such poor seed that two ears in
twelve do not grow, it is the same as al
lowing 1,076,0000 acres of the most ' fertile
land in Nebraska to lie idle this year. Mora
than that, argues the Commercial club,
the farmers plow and care for the poor
corn the same as for that whioh produces
ears weighing from ten to sixteen ounces.
This idle land would produce- at least
28,924,000 bushels of corn If tested seed was
planted and between 113,000,000 and H,000,
000 to the value of Nebraska's corn crop.
? Taking rome recent teats as a basis the
'ommerclal club has published a table
showing what every county in the atate
stands to lose if the corn Is planted without
testing. Some of the counties will be heavy
loners, as some have a vast corn acreage.
Lancaster county, for instance, will lose
over 00,000, while on Its 60,000 acres of corn
alone, Douglas county stands to lose
Figures Show Loss to state.
. This Is the table sent out by the Com
) mercial club in calling attention to the
fact that while Nebraska Is better off than
Iowa when it comes to seed corn, the state
cannot afford the loss which is sure to
result from planting untested corn this
Table showing estimated Nebraska loss
from untested seed corn:
of Acres Minimum
Usual Plant- Financial
COUNTY. Acreage lng Untest- Loss to
ot Corn, ed Heed. County
1 Itchcock ...
Hon ai d
I .oil!) '
Maunders ... .
NEW YORK, Feb. 12-Th Central
Foundry company, a corporation capitalized
at 114,000,000, which manufactures cast Iron
soli pipes and fittings, went Into the hands
of a receiver today. Judge Hough of the
United States district court appointed
Waddell Catchlngs aa receiver, to continue
the business at his discretion.
The claims of the petitioning creditors
amounted to about $1,200, but the cred
itors allege that the liabilities amount
to more than 14,600,000.
The petitioning creditors state that the
compstiy has property worth 11,000,000 and
employed 1,500 men. The properly of the
Central Foundry company consists chiefly
of seven operating foundries which are
located in Newark, N. J.; Dundalk, Md.;
fcouth Pittsburg, Tenn.; Vlncinnes, Ind.;
Medina, N. T., and Annlston and Bessemer,
The company also owns foundry property
at Wilmington, Del., and controls the Cen
tral Iron and Coal company of New Jersey,
and the Central Radiator company of New
Jersey, The foundry company has out
standing 23,861,000 8 per cent debenture
fconds unsecured and an additional unse
cured indebtedness of $540,000 and a secured
Indebtedness of $345,000.
Receiver Catchlngs said today that hs
expected successfully to reorganize the
Employ a Lawyer
Interests Charged with Seeking Alas
kan Coal Monopoly May Enter
' WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.-When the Ball-Inger-Plnchot
committee resumes its sessions on Monday
"morning it Is expected there will be pres
ent a representative of Daniel Guggen
heim prepared to introduce evidence, both
documentary nd oral, to show the exact
amount and character of the Guggenheim
holdings in Alaska.
The claim has been made in some quar
ters that the Guggenhelms were striving
for the control of Alaskan coal and min
eral lands, railroads and boat lines and
that the Cunningham group of coal claims
were olosely identified with the Guggen
Just when the committee will hear this
testimony is problematical. ' It has been
determined that when one witness Is called
his story shall be completed before any
other phase of the controversy is taken
op. This has caused 4oma delay up to
this time, but it is believed beginning with
next Monday the inquiry will be pushed
For a time at least dally session will be
held. Several witnesses have been brought
long distances to the city and they are to
be called as early as possible.
Goes to Jury
Judge Wolverton's Instructions Con
v tain 20,000 Words, Covering
Law of Conspiracy.
PORTLAND. Ore., Feb. 12. Instructions
to the jury which for five weeks has been
trying Congressman Blnger Hermann on a
charge of conspiracy to defraud the gov
ernment of part of the public domain,
were delivered today by Judge Charles K.
Wolverton in the United States district
court. Judge Wolverton covered ex
haustively every phase of the evidence, the
instructions containing 20,000 words.
The charge sets forth that it Is suffi
cient to show that a mutual understanding
has been arrived at by two or more per
sons to complete a conspiracy. So long as
a conspiracy continued, he Instructed, and
the parties engaged in an unlawful scheme.
they must bo deemed as still confederating
together, and if any overt act is shown
to have been committed within three years
of the date of indictment that overt act is
sufficient to support the indictment.
Judge Wolverton said that intent, while
an important Ingredient of a conspiracy,
could seldom be directly proven. ' There
fore direct evidence was not required. It
waa not necessary to prove to make tWe
consplraoy complete, he continued, that
Hermann received either direct or indirect
PACKERS SOUGHT BY MAJOR
Mlasoarl Attorney General Calls as
Witnesses Officers In Chars;
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo.. Feb. 12. At
torney General Major notified the attorney
for the packing companies today that he
desires aa witnesses. February 17, the fol
lowing officers or employes of the Armour,
Cudahy, Swift, Morris and Schwarsxchlld
& Sulsburger packing companies of Kansas
The superintendent or manager of each
plant, the manager in charge of the sales
of dressed meats, the best posted man on
by-products and on what may be expected
from the average beef when dressed.
Captain Charlea H. Downs. 1323 South
Twenty-ninth street, ons of Omaha's ear
liest pioneers, active-in the business life
of the beginning of the frontier city, will
celebrate Ms ninety-first birthday Mon
day, Valentin day.
Captain Downs cam to Omaha In June
of 1X64 and here built the first frame
hous In the city. This little building was
erected under the protecting shad of a
lonesome tree near th foot of Douglas
street close to th river.
In those early day the most convenient
source of supplies for th upper Missouri
country waa St. Ixuls. Captain Downs en
ijasvd in the traffic In portable woodan
ttuUMS. On ot then structures was put
Men Want Increase of Five Cents
ILLINOIS BOARD TO
Finding of State Officials to Be
Regarded as Final.
MINERS AND OPERATORS MEET
Conference at St. Louie Is Endeavor
Inar to Adjnst Differences In
the Southwestern Dis
trict. CHICAGO, Feb. 12. The possibility of a
strike of 4,000 switchmen employed in the
Chicago switching district of eighteen rail
roads was believed to have been averted
tonight when the parties at dispute agreed
to submit the question to the Illinois State
Board of Arbitration. The switchmen,
members of the Brotherhood of Railway
Trainmen, demanded an Increase of, wages
of 5 cents an hour and time and a half for
overtime.. Both sides signed an agreement
to arbitrate. The men last Tuesday voted
for a strike, but F. O. Melcher, vice presi
dent of the . Chicago, Rock Island Pa
cific road and chairman of the general
managers' committee, said no strike was
now possible. Application - for arbitration
will be filed at Springfield, 111., on Monday.
Miners and Operators Meet.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 12. Thomas L." Lewis,
president of the Mine Workers of America,
began a conference here today with the
miners and operators of the southwest.
The two organizations, according to Mr.
Lewis, are at outs over waga scales and
breach ot faith on,v contracts.
The questions under discussion were not
settled today and the conference will be
continued tomorrow. President Lewis ex
pressed himself as being sure an under
standing Will Ve reached.
Attending the conference are James El
liott president iOf the Coal Operators' as
sociation of the southwest; P. R, Btewart,
president of district 21. comprising Okla
homa, Arkansas and Texas; W. D. Ryan,
commissioner of the southwest operators'
association; F. R. Swlnney, vice president
of the Southwest Operators' ' association;
Charles Batley and George Manuel,' presl
dent and secrotary, respectively, of the
Missouri Miners' association; Charles 8.
Keith, president of the Central Coal and
Coke company of Kansas City, and George
Richardson, assistant commissioner ot the
Kansas, .dldttictl - -t
I . . I
SINGLE CASE OF YELLOW
" FEVER IN CANAL ZONE
Disease Becomes So Rare, Isolated
Instances Are Made Ncrws .
'. WASHINGTON, Feb: 12. From having
been a -hotbed of yellow fever a few years
ago, Panama has .become so free from
that disease that an isolated case becomes
of news Interest to Its citizens.
Formerly it was taken .as a matter of
course that many cases could be found
at any time. A feature of a recent Issue
of the Canal Record, however, was an ac
count of a young Englishman who had
contracted yellow fever at one of the
South American ports, got by the quaran
tine and was Uien in a hospital.
The next Issue of the Record, which has
just reached Washington, Indicates that
there has been no spread of Infection and
that none is anticipated, the medical au
thorities having exercised every possible
ORDER HITS HARVESTER TRUST
Kansas Conrt Enjoins International
from Aets Tending; to Destroy
TOPEKA, Kan., Feb. 12. The supreme
court today made a limited ouster order
against the International Harvester com
pany. The order prohibits the company
from making exclusive contracts with
agents In Kansas.
The court prohibits the company from
discriminating or destroying competition
or doing other things which the attorney
general held were violations of the anti
trust law. The court specifically says
that it reserves the right to take up com
plaints In the future and settle them as it
determines, thus retaining control over the
business of the corporation in Kansas.
The state cannot collect the S60.00O charter
fee asked tor by the attorney general the
NO CHURCH ADDRESS IN ROME
Methodist Association Denies Roone
velt Is to Speak In Its
ROME. Feb. ll-The Methodist associa
tion denies the published statement that it
has been arranged for formei- President
Roosevelt to speak at the Methodist church
during his visit here. It Is only known
that Mayor Nathan Is prepared to offer the
senatorial hall In the capltoi for a lecture
If Mr, Roosevelt consents to deliver one.
of First City
is 91 Years Old
up at Fourteenth' and Douglas streets and
was occupied by the first book store In
th western country. This establishment
was kept by Byron Oraves, son-in-law of
George W. Homan.
When th first ferry company was or
ganised Captain Downs became a member
of it. He was also on of th founder of
the smelting works her, which have
grown to be th greatest in th world. For
th first flv yesrs of th existence of th
smelting company . he was president.
Caplaln Downs was elected to member
ship In th first city council which con
vened on March t. 13G7, and at the fiftieth
anniversary In 1907 h waa the only sur
viving member remaining to c It brats (he
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
CANNON TALKS OF LINCOLN
Speaker's Personal Recollections of
the Great Martyr.
LITTLE REFERENCE TO POLITICS
Address Is Delivered at 'Lincoln
Memorial Dinner Given . by
Pittsburg; Chamber ot
PITTSBURG, Pa., Feb. 12. Abraham
Lincoln, as Bpeaker Joseph O. Can
non ' knew him, was the young,
lawyer traveling a-horseback through
the frontier of Illinois, then the
bates with Douglas, the presidential nomi
nee of the new-born republican party, and
finally leader of the nation through four
years of civil war and the starting of re
construction, was pictured on th screen
of memory tonight before the PlUaburg
Chamber of " Commerce, ' at Its , Lincoln
memorial dinner. ' ' ' '
Speaker Cannon's address was merely a
few leaves fro.ro,. his memoirs of.tha mar
tyred president, a few glances and side
lights upon an association which began
when both were young lawyers practicing
before th same bar.
: Once the reference to politics entered the
speaker's words, and that was when h
declared the republican1 party of today was
the party of Abraham Lincoln, and that
Lincoln was one of the founders of the
pacty and Us first great' leader.
"The most fitting monument to Lincoln
is the party he helped to organise and th
achievements of the party he helped to do
velop for the lasting benefit of the whole
country, east and west, north and south,
white and block, bond and free," declared
Republican Principles Unchanged.
"The principles embodied in the first
platform are still the principles of the
party. Lincoln will always be known as
the first and foremost republican. He
was a party man, battling for principles
which his party represented and whloh he
believed to be of vital Interest to the
American people. He led In the contest
when, for the first time, a majority of
the electors endorsed the principles and
policies laid down In th republican plat
form. The young men who read the repub
lican platform of 190S will find in it the
platform of Lincoln In I860. The majority
of the people have failed only twice In
fifty years to sustain this platform. And,
after each of these experiments, they have
come back like the prodigal son, chastened
by their experience and glad to see the
old home again.
"When Lincoln returned from the Black
Hawk war and became candidate for
the Illinois legislature, though the state
was overwhelmingly democratic, h pub
lished hla platform: .
" 'I am for a national bank; I am for a
high protective tariff and the system ot
Internal Improvements. These are my sen
timents and my political principles.'
"Those became the cardinal doctrine of
the republican party, and Lincoln probably
more than any other one man, by his
consistent battle in the west, developed
publlo sentiment and quickened the public
conscience that created the republican
party twenty years later."
Turning back the leaves of hla memory
to lffia the speaker recalled the tlm whn
Cannon' Meets Lincoln,
he moved from Indiana to Illinois and be
ccme a resident of one of the counties In
which Lincoln praotlced law. A young
lawyer without business, seeking acquaint
ance of membcra of the bar, he met Abra-
(Continued on Second Page.)
You can get back
anything you have
lost, through a Bee
Everybody uses them when
they have lost anything; even
the Salvation Army and House
of Hope uses want ads to find
It you happen to be one of the
few people who do not read The
Dee want ad pages, you are missing
the most interesting pages in the
paper. Reading want ads la profit
able, too, aa well as interesting.
Have you read the want ads,
yet. today 1
OH YOU DOVE!
Face Trial On
Kansas City Universalist Leaders Too
Liberal in Advocating Union
KANSAS CITY, Feb. 12. -Rev. Paul Jordan
fimlth, minister of the First Universalist
Church of this city, and Rev. Dr. G. E.
Cunningham, secretary of the Missouri
Universalist churches, will be tried In this
city during the week of February 20, for
alleged heresy, the charge against th two
ministers having been filed against them
by the general officers of the church.
Dr. Cunningham and Mr. Smith address
ing the convention of th church at De
troit last fall, advocated the union of the
Universalist and Unitarian churches. It is
Charged, and also opposed revival services
as a means of Increasing the membership
of the church. ' These utterances, with
their alleged liberal ideas regarding the
ultimata ditlnyof man, led .to th charge
of heresy against them. -
The board of Inquiry to hear the charges
will be composed of Dr. W. H. McLaugh
lin of Chicago, Charles' Hutchinson, a
Chicago financier and one other man yet
to b chosen. .
Rev. Mr. Smith's father is .the pastor of
a Methodist church In Chattanooga, Tenn.
He was educated at . the Congregational
seminary in Atlanta, Ga., and later at
tended the Universalist seminary In Gales
"It is certain that I will never cease to
preach the things I believe," Rev. Mr.
Dr. . Cunningham, who is now In Little
Rock, Ark., was formerly a Methodist
i : i
by Vicious Horse
Foot Catches in Stirrup as He Falls
Skull is Fractured in Two
WOOD RIVER, Neb., Feb. 12. (Special
Telegram.) L. M. Hodges, a prominent
farmer living two miles south of here, was
dragged by a vicious horse this morning,
with the result that his skull was frac
tured and it is probable that he will die
before night. He had started for a neigh
bor's on horseback and the animal ran
under some trees, striking his head against
an overhanging branch. He was knocked
from th saddle, his foot catching in the
stirrup. His skull ' Is fractured in two
places and doctors have no hope of hla
MICHAEL GILL00LEY MISSING
Secretary to Thomas F. Ryan Disap
pears Under Circumstances that
I Saggiest Font Play.
I NEW YORK, Feb. ll.-Michael Glllooly,
confidential man for - Thomas Fortune
Ryan, the traction millionaire, has disap
peared and Mr. Ryan authorised a state
ment tonight that "It seems there la some
thing more than a possibility that th
man has met with foul play."
Glllooly disappeared on Christmas even
ing, taking practically no money with him
j and leaving behind him uncashed a check
for 11,000 given him by Mr. Ryan for a
Christmas gift II had obtained a di
I vorcs about a moath before, unusual in
that a priest waa named 'as co-respondent.
Rich Glove Merchant Dead
with Thirty-Seven Wounds
CHICAGO, Feb. li-Reveng is now be
lieved to b th motive for the murder of
Charles Wlltschlre, the wealthy glove man
ufacturer who was found last night in his
factory with thirty-seven stllleto wounds
In his body.
About a month ago Wlltschlre caused th
srrest of two Italians for having sold him
stolen property. On was sentenced to
serv a term in the house of correction and
th other was dismissed. It is the belief
of th police that th freed man, who is
now in custody, planned to murder Wllt
schlre for revenge. This belief Is sub
stantiated by th Identification of th stll
lto sheath, which was found near th
body, as th property of a brother of th
suspect. Th brother is said to have gone
to Milwaukee, wher the authorities have
been asked to assist in th search .for him.
W(IUchir's body was discovered nearth
front door of his factory. Th door pad
BRYAN FOR COUNTY OPTION
Comes Out for This Issue and Eight
O'clock Closing Law.
DOUGLAS SENATORS CONDEMNED
Declares In Editorial to Be Tsed In
Commoner thnt Liquor Interests
Controlled Them and
Forced Their Acts.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN. Fb. 12. (Special.) William
J. Bryan has announced in favor ot county
option and in favor of the 8 o'clock cjoslng
law wherever there are open saloons in the
The editorial in which hs commits him
self to county option will appear in next
week's Issue of the Commoner and in the
same editorial Mr. Bryan takes a hot shot
at the Douglas county senators by saying
that the only, blot on the late democratic
legislature was put there by the liquor
Interests which, controlled ..Enough of , the
aerators to defeat the passage of the
initiative and. referendum bill. -
he publication., of the editorial Is
prompted at this time, sad Charles W.
Biyan, because of th unusual activity of
the liquor Interests.
The editorial Is one of the series Mr.
Bryan wrote before h went to South
America. It Is quite lengthy and contains,
anrong oiher thtrgs, the following:
"The right of the government to regulato
the sale of liquor cannot . be questioned,
and the right to regulate Includes the right
to prohibit the open saloon. Conditions
differ In different states. In Nebraska we
have a high license law one of the best
of Its kind in the union but there is a
growing sentiment in favor of enlarging
tho unit of legislation. Under the existing
law each city or village has the right to
llcepss or prohibit the sale of liquor, the
minimum license and the maximum hours
being fixed by statute. It Is qulto evident
that a majority of the voters of our state
favor a larger unit, and county option,
such as Ohio, Missouri, Texas, Indiana,
Kentucky and a number of other states
now have, has b?en suggested. What ob
jection can be made to It?
"It is sometimes objected that prohibi
tion by the act of th county suspends the
right of th precinct or city to decide
the question for itself. But this Is not a
"It Is also objected that county option
Is only a step toward state prohibition.
This would not be a valid objection, even
If th fact were admitted. If the peopls
of a state have a right to prohibit tho
sale of liquor over tho entire state, they
have a right to authorize the counties to
prohibit within their borders. If the coun
ties can Justly claim the right to regulate
th Hquor traffic. In th absence of state
prohibition, it is not just to deny them
this light merely out of fear that the ex
ercise of the right may lead to the adop
tion of state prohibition;
"Th present law requiring th saloons,
wherever saloons are licensed, to close at
S o'clock has worked well In practice and
should be continued. A later hour might
be more convenient for some, but many
are Injured by late closing compared with
the few who are inconvenienced by early
closing, so that the evils of late closing
outweigh the advantages.
' Pennlty on Bsloon Man.
"W have a law against treating In Ne.
braska. but it Is universally Ignored. We
should have a statute placing th penalty
on the saloonkeeper and providing that It
shall be causa for forfeiture of license If
(Continued on Page Two.)
lock and keys wer found near by. Thin
indicated that he was attacked whllo dos
ing his factory and the police are "working
on the theory that the murderer planned
to slay Wlltschlre while no aid was near.
Th men under arrest sre I.oreno Ur
tell, 21 years old, and Frank Kbbole, 27
yeara old. The police are searching for the
tatter's brother, Chris Ebbole. The police
say the stllleto sheath found by Wilt
shire's body Is the property of Chris Eb
bole. Neither of tho men arrested would
make a statement.
Chris Knbole was drawn further Into th
case whan his wife and daughter, unaware
of the murder. Identified the stiletto sheath
as belonging to him. Ills daughter told the
police she had found the stiletto and
sheath some tlm ago and gav them to
her father. Both said that Kbbole carrlod
tti stiletto In its guard when b Ut home
President Makes Address to Repub
lican Club of New York.
AMENDING . AUTO ' TRUST LAW
No Platform Promise Made Except
to Strjnjthen It.
TARIFF LAW 13 DEFENDED
Exrcatlve Sliorrs that It Redneed
Kates Except on Luxuries, ana
that It Produces 31 ore
NEW YORK, Feb. 12. "If the enforce
ment of the law Is not consistent with tho
present method of carrying on business,
then it does not speak well for the prnsont
methods of conducting business snd they
must be changed to confirm to the law,"
This was President Taft's answer to
wyyyyyyyjrcmmmmccccccaecccccc Wall hU
Wall Street and Us cry of "panic." It waa
mido to a cheering audience of hundreds
of prominent republicans gathered tonight
at the annual Lincoln Day dinner ot the
republican club of this city, held St. th
Waldorf-Astoria. Governor Hughes shared
the honors of the eveniny with the presi
Mr. Taft adhered to his purpose of dis
easing platform pledges and how they
should be kept. It was at the conclusion of
a detailed argument as to how the republi
can paryt Is redeeming Its pledges that he
came to a discussion of the anti-trust law
and Wall Street, on which his utterances
had been awaited with th greatest In
terest. The president declared that the ad
mlnistiatton would not "foolishly run
amuck In bu.ilneFS and destroy values and
confldenca just for the pleasure of
"No one," he continued, "has a motive as
strong as the administration in power, to
cultivate and strengthen business confi
dence and prosperity.-
"Hut there was no promise on the part
of the republican party to change the anti
trust law except to strengthen it. Of
course, the government at Washington can
be, counted on to enforce the law In th
way best calculated to strengthen publlo
confidence In business, but It must enforo
the law goes without saying."
' President Tort's Address.
President Tuft tald: . '
"Mr. President, Gentlemen of th Repub
lican Club and Fellow Guests -The birth
day of the man ' whose memory we cele
brate tonight Is an appropriate, occasion
for' renewing our expressions of respect and
affection for tlm republican party; and
our pledges to ktcp tho part which ' it
plays in the history of this country as
high and as useful as ft was during th
administration of Abraham Lincoln. Th
trials which he had to undergo as presi
dent, the political storms which the party
had to weather during the civil war, tho
divisions In the party Itself between th
radical antl-Blavery element and those Who
were most conservative in observing the con
stitutional limitations, are most Interesting;
reading and serve to dwarf and minimis
the trials through which the republican
party is now passing, and restore a sens
of proportion to those who allow them
selves to be daunted (.nd discouraged,' In
the face of a loss of popular confidence
thought to be Indicated by the tone ot th
"In what respect has the republican
party faded In its conduct of the govern
ment and the enactment of laws' to per
form its duty? It was returned to power
a year ago last November by a very large
majority, after, a campaign In which It '
made certain promises In Its platform and
those promises it has either substantially
compiled with, or It Is about to perform
within the present session of congress.
Promises In Platform.
"Let us take up these promises In order:
"In the republican platform of last year
upon which the campaign was made ap-
' pears the following plank In regard to th
j " 'The republican party declares unequl-
vocally for tho revision of the tariff by a
! special cession of congress i immediately
' following the inauguration of the next
' president and commends tho steps already
i taken to this end In the work assigned to
( the appropriate committees of congress
which are now investigating the operation
I and effect of existing schedules.
" 'In all tariff legislation the true prin
cipal of protection is best maintained by
j the imposition of such duties as will equal
the difference between the cost ot produo
j tlon at home and abroad, together with a
; reasonable profit to American Industries,
j We favor the establishment - of maximum
and minimum rates to be admlnlstored by
I the president under limitations fixed In' th
law, the maximum to be avalluLlo to meet
J discriminations by foreign countries against
American goods entering their markets and
th minimum t represent the normal meav
j ure of protection at home, the aim and pur- '
j pose of the republican policy being not only
to preserve, without excessive duties, that
security against foreign competition t
which American manufacturers, farmers
and producers are entitled, but alno to
I maintain the high standard of living of th
wage earners 01 tnu country, wno ar ui
must direct beneficiaries of the protective
system. Between the United Htatei and h
Philippines we bellov In a free interchange
of products with such limltationa aa to
augar and tobacco as will afford adequate
protection to domestic Interests.'
"W did revls th tariff. It Is Impossible
to revise the tariff without awakening th
active participation In the formation of th
schedules of those producers whos busi
ness will be affected by a chang. This Is
th Inherent difficulty In the adoption or
revision of a tariff by our representative
Tariff RrvUrd Downward.
. "Nothing was exprely said In the plat- '
form that this itvlsion was to be a down
ward revision. The Implication that it
was to be generally downward, however,
wan fairly given by th fact that thus .
who upheld a prjtcctlv tariff system de
fend It by tho claim that after an Industry
has been established by shutting out for
eign competition, th domestic competition
will lead to th reduction In prlc so as
to make th original high tariff unneces
sary. "In th new urlff thr wer M 4