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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 25, 1910)
The Omaha : Daily Bee
The Omaha dee
goeg to the homes lg read by the
women Belli goods for advertisers.
For Nebraska Generally fair.
For Iowa Partly cloudy.
VOL. XXX IX NO. ' 1G8.
OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 25, 1910-TEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
LANDIS TO "BEEP
Federal Judge at Chicago Outlines
Methods for Procedure in Fro
JURIST FURNISHES INFORMATION
District Attorney Begins Work on
Suggestion From Court
NO ACTION FOR THE PRESENT
Number of Minor Cases Will be Dis
posed of First.
WHAT THE LAW
11 1 m . a. a. k 0.
state rninmrrrr and TrudeV ''
CHICAGO. Jan. 24. Judge Kenesaw
Landls of the United States district court
In his charge to the federal grand jury as
sembled today to Investigate the meth
ods of the so-called ''beef trust," declared
It was through Information furnished by
him that the present proceeding was
Judge Landls ' also said hat after he
had notified the United States district at
torney In Chicago on January SO he was
surprised to see en January sa notices
In the newspapers coming ostensibly from
Washington, stating that the government
officials there had ordered the Investiga
tion. It was' announced, however, that
action on the "beef trust" Investigation
would be postponed for a few days until
some docket cases could be heard. It was
explained that the present investigation
was of such Importance that It would
be better If the Jury was given a little
time In which to familiarise Itself with
the routine of the grand Jury procedure
before considering the evidence to be
presented In the packers' cases.
After Judge Landls had read his charges
'.he Jury proceeded to take up some cases
f minor Importance.
"Having In mind the duty "of the dis
trict attorney," said Judge Landls, "I
notified that officer on the 20th of this
month that on your assembling here to
lay the court would direct yeur atten
ion to the subject of the present in
vestigation. "It is a source of profound regret that
kwo days later there began widespread
newspaper' publication of matter pur
porting to come from Washington and
expressing the intention and determina
tion of certain governmental function
aries there as to this proceeding, and al
leging, in that connection, their purpose
with respect to certain Individuals resid
ing in this district.
- Secrets of Jurr Boon.
."Wtlhatrt ..ftatumlpg-noyUBIng Jiere. offi
cially that there la anything behind the
publications except Journalistic enterprise,
I caution you to pay no attention what
ever to them, as - It will be your duty to
conscientiously refrain from making any
disclosure of matters transpiring in your
This so for two reasons; In the first
place, If an individual Is indicted he ought
to have the right of trial by a Jury taken
from an atmosphere that has not been
sucharged with feeling agalnat him, and In
the second place if he is not Indicted, it is
not right that It should be published from
time to time that evldenoe showing him
guilty of unlawful conduct had been pre
sented to the grand Jury.
"Various reports of alleged circumstances
and conditions In connection with the meat
Industry have come to me. While the
representations set forth In these com
plaints, even if true, do not necessarily
Imply violation of federal law, they are
of such character as to clearly Impose
upon the court the duty of directing your
attention to them to the end that the
subject may have at your hands the In
vestigation and consideration Its Import
"The statute declares every contract,
combination In the form of trusts or other
wise, or conspiracy In restraint of trade or
commerce among the several states or with
foreign nations to be illegal and It is pro
vided that every person who shall make
such contract, or engage in any such com
bination or conspiracy, or who shall mon
opolise or attempt to monopolise or com
bine or conspire with any other person or
persons to monopolise any part of such
.rade or commerce shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeanor.
Hales for Free Competition.
"While you will observe that by this en
sctment congress has prescribed the rule
of free ' competition among those engaged
In Interstate and International trade and
commerce, I desire to press upon you that
It la not within the competency of congress,
nor does the act attempt to deal with
trade or commerce which la wholly Intra
state." After enlarging on the fact that congress
cannot Interfere with commerce within a
state, the court continued:
"You will perceive Intent Is the essence
of this of Tense -that Is to say, there must
be a conscious purpose on the part of the
accused to suppress competition by co
operation to that end. The law does pot
concern Itself with mere celncidence of con
duct In the absence of such Intent."
A special venire of Jurors appeared be,
fore Landls and twenty-three men were
Chosen to compose the grand Jury that Is
'o bear the . evidence and decide whether
indictments shall be returned against the
The firms agalnat which the government
will proceed are: Swift A Co., Armour &
Co., and Morris & Co., who It Is alleged
control the National Packing company tor
their common benefit.
Karly today deputy United States mar
shals were started out with more than a
score of aubpoenaes and wrlta to bring
before the grand Jury, employes and books
of the concerna lnvo'oved.
Every precaution waa taken to keep the
Identity of witnesses secret. A large num
ber of seoret service operatives hav ap
parently been brought here from other
Oltlea. and it la believed they will be uaed
In serving subpoenaes aa well as supplying
ivldence gathered during the Investlga
lon. Only two aubpoenaes were turned oer
o United State Marshal L. T. Hoy today.
Wr. Hoy refused to give any Information
oni-ernliig the Identity of the persona on
shorn the subpoena were to be served.
At the city offices of the National Pack,
tng company and Armour A Co.. it waa
laid no subpoenasa bad been served.
Dies of Wounds
Omaha Boy Shoots Himself at Cedar
Rapids Because of a
CEDAR RAPIDS, la,, Jan. 24. Bpclal
Telegram.) Harry Lyons of Omaha, who
shot himself in the left temple and the
stomach at I o'clock this morning In the
lavatory of his room at Hotel Montrose,
died at Mercy hospital at 4 o'clock this
A. Rothschild, hla roommate, who clalma
to have been out of the room at the time
of the shooting. Is held by the police, but
will probably be released.
Shortly before hla death Lyons reiterated
the statement that hla wounda were self
Inflicted and completely exonerated Roths
child. He said that he realised he was
going to die; that he did not want to die,
ut had shot himself because of a 'grouch."
refused to state the cause of the
luch," but said he never had such a
. cause for one as he had had since
turday. , '
-s In Lyons' pockets Indicate that
" j no trouble with his sweetheart In
,iaha, but ahe did not like the company
ho was keeping, especially Rothschild. The
two men had been here since Friday. They
and two othera played poker on a 10-cent
ante Sunday afternoon and evening in the
room at the hotel and Rothschild claims
that Lyons waa the winner. But at the
time of hla death he had but IS, while
Rothschild when searched at the police
station had only a nickel. This would not
have been sufficient to pay their hotel bill.
One theory la that Lyons' father had ahut
off his funds.
Mrs. Lyons la expected tonight and It if
probable that an Inquest will be held.
Harry Lyons Is 23 years of age and the
only son of Mr. and Mrs. George H. Lyons,
2403 Harney street. He was formerly with
the Logan & Bryan Grain company and Is
now In business with Chester Weeks. The
firm is Weeks & Lyons and has offices in
the Branded building.
Lyons started from Omaha last week to
travel for a Little Rock grain firm. At
that time he seemed to be in the best of
health and spirits. Friends here can think
of no reason for his act
Mr. and Mrs. I Lyons and the young
woman to whom Harry Lyons was engaged
went to Cedar Rapids on receipt of the
Meat is Cheaper
Armour and Swifts Quote Figures
Comparing Prices of Last Year
"Speaking of the ' steadily increasing
prices of meat permit me' to say," said H.
K. Finney, general, .tmrnagcr-f ok Arnunur &
Co. of South Omaha, "that Tor ihe first
three weeks Of January, 1908,- the average
price per 100 pounds of beef sales was $7.84;
for the first three weeks in, July, 1909, the
average price was $8.7t and for the first
three weeks in January, 1910, the average
price for the same amount waa $7.18.
"Theee figures ought to speak for them
selves, as they show that instead of ad
vancing the prices have Inclined downward
In the last six or seven months."
H. O. Edwards, manager for Swift aV Co.,
asserts that the average price for which his
firm sold beef for the first three weeks of
January, this year, was leas than it waa at
this time last year, and also much lower
than in July last year. These are the fig.
urea which his books show:
Average price of beef first three weeks
January, 1910, 17.85. -
Average price of beof first three weeka
January, 1P09, $7.94.
Average price of beef first three weeks
July 1909. $8.63.
Hurrah! Price of
Butter is Lower
Falls Off Six Cents a Pound on Best
Creamery Because of Congestion
in the East.
The price of butter has fallen S cents a
pound. The Falrmount Creamery company
advised The Bee last evening that this was
a fact due to a congestion of fresh butter
in New York and other large eastern cities,
where the people have gone to eating the
Thla company believes .the price wlH not
rise until the demand does, and It doesn't
pretend to aay when that will be.
This makes the retail price of the beet
creamery butter In Omaha 38 cents a
pound beginning today, and that same
brand will be aold to the retailer for 81
Middles Are Dismissed.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.-Prealdent Taft
today approved the dlamlsaal from the
naval academy at Annapolis of Midship
men James M. Whitehead of New Jersey
Scott Lynn of Utah and Grover C. eleven
ger of Kxoelalor Springs, Mo. The mid
shipmen were charged with intoxication.
American Food Products
Sold Cheaper in Europe
WASHINGTON, Jan. 21-"I am gather
ing proof which will show that farm prod
ucts are being sold cheaper abroad than
they are In this country," declared Secre
tary of Agriculture Wilson today at the
high cost of living hearing being conducted
by a subcommittee of the house committee
on the District of Columbia.
Mr. Wilson gave evidence to show the
producer at the present time waa getting a
little more than formerly for his food
products, while the ultimate consumer waa
paying an excessive price. .
"Until comparatively recently the Ameri
can people enjoyed the cheapest food In
the world." continued Mr. Wilson.
"Hut nowadays not enough people know
how to farm profitably, bow to get enough
out of a day's work, nor how to make an
acre respond. The lure of the factory haa
osJled the farmer from the plow.
"The worst farming in this country Is
done er- of AUujHany mountains and
Quarter of Area of Country Under
Water and Rain and Snow Con
tinue to Fall.
SITUATION IS GROWING WORSE
Electric Plant of Chamber of Deputies
is Drowned Out.
SEINE HIGHEST IN CENTURY
Floods Break All Records Since 1802
TEMPEST DELUGES VICTIMS
Quarter of Million People Stand la
Drenching; Rain Watching- Yellow
Torrent Cellars Fall and
PARIS, Jan. 24. A fourth of France. It
la estimated la under water today. Snow
and rain are adding to the floods which are
unprecedented In the history of the present
The Seine continue! to rise today and the
situation In this city grew worse hourly.
Water has drowned out the -electric- plant
In the Chamber of Deputies and today the
deputies met by lamp light. Premier Brland
Introduced a bill appropriating 1400,000 for
the relief of sufferers from the floods: He
described what the government was already
doing to abate the dls trees and highly
praised the rescue work done by the sold
iers and gendarmes.
Owing to the difficulty of getting food
Into the city market, prices have been
raised, adding another element of distress
to the poorer claasea. It Is estimated that
26,000 laborers have been thrown out of em
Fortunately the causualtles have been
comparatively few, but frequent narrow
escapes from death are reported. The ex
plosion of boilers In Inundated factories Is
an occasional element of danger. An
enosmous amount of live stock Is reported
to have' been drowned In the departments
of marine Aubey, Elsne and Meuse.
It is now believed the Eiffel tower,
the foundations of which were threatened
by the waters, Is no logger In danger of
colbjipane. However, the wireless sat
tlon at the top of the tower has been
The rivers Rhone and Loire are reported
to be falling and the situation accordingly
Improved at Lyons, Limoges, Troye. An
necy and AUxerre.
The property damage cannot be esti
mated with any accuracy, but It will
be very great.
Following the appeal' of Premier Brland,
the Chamber of Deputies unanimously
voted the $-100,000 requested for the aid
of flood sufferers. .
Late this afternoon President Falllarlea
and Premier Brland made a tour of the
flooded. dljKrbjUMa." an, aufcosnobll. , The
crest ' o , ftbe flood had then almost
touched the top of the . ate has of the
Pont Alma. Preparations were made, to
blow up the span with dynamite If it
should become necessary
The sewer In the Place Havre has
caved In and the Avenue Montaigne has
been Invaded by the waters. The schools
In the inundated suburbs have been
The flood situation In Paris reached a
more critical stage this morning. The
Seine had has risen nine inches since 2
o'clock and the river now registers 7.53
meters at Pont Royal. This 1 sthe hlggh
ent the river has been since 1802,' when
it reached 8.80 meters, the highest point
recorded In the history of France except
In the year 1(15.
A terrible tempest of rain . and wind
which broke over the city at daylight only
adds to the horror of the situation and to
the suffering of the poor and homeless.
Although the waters of the Seine af
fluents above the city still are rising
rapidly, the municipal authorities were
hopeful thla morning that the maximum
stage of waters would be reached by night
The river presents an awe-inspiring spec
tacle. A quarter of a million people In a
drenching rain throng the stone parapets
and quays watching the yellow'tlde, which
is crowded with drift wood, wine casks
and other, wreckage, rushing seaward. The
water now Is almost flush with the arches
of the bridges.
Work to Save Bridges.
Firemen, police and troops are working
like mad at all the bridges disentangling
blockades resulting from the floating debris,
and it la hoped that, all the bridgea will
be aaved. Traffic on several of the frailer
onea, however, haa been stopped.
All of the cellars' along the quaya are
fllleoTwlth water. One of the chief dangers
la the weakening of the foundations of the
buildings along the water front by the
seeping waters. The remaining walla of
the foreign office are surrounded by water
and the beautiful garden In the rear of the
building la a verlable lake
Streets around the Chamber of Deputies
are considered unsafe and all traffic In
theae s'treeta haa been forbidden.
The tunnel between the Qua! D'Orsay and
the Qua! D'Auaterllts stations is a rushing
stream. The basement on the Palais D'Jus-
(Continued on Pag Two.)
agricultural land la cheapeat In that locality.-
"In consequence," continued Secretary
Wilson, "the boys have left the farm and
the scarcity of labor is now the greatest
concern of the agriculturist"
Secretary Wilson declared that Washing
ton waa one of the most expensive cities In
which to live, and retailers in this city de
mand VtVt per cent profit while In cities
like Philadelphia and New York th ......
content with 17 to SO per cent
Condltlona at the capital, however, with
reference to the ooet of living, the secre
tary said, were true to a great extent of
other cities. He told tho' committee that
It had a great opportunity to do a service
for the whole people by ascertaining the
cause of theee conditions.
Chairman Moore Intimated that the whole
matter of the cost of food nrodurt. mm
producer to consumer would be gone Into.
secretary wiisun waa the onlv ,it.
Fixing the Responsibility for the High Cost of Living Same Old Circle
From the Minneapolis Journal.
NO PROFIT ON FASTENERS
Commissioner Dennett Answers An
other of Hitchcock's Charges.
INVENTION OF AN EMPLOYE
Reaen-ts Statement Hitchcock
Not Wanted at Land Clfira
Tmth Aboat Tele-
WASHINGTON, Jan. 24. Admitting that
the paper fasteners . used by the general
land office were the invention of his chief
of accounts, Irving C. Rlttanhouse, and
declaring the latter made no profit on
them. Commissioner Dennett answered an
other of the charges made against the In
terior department by Representative Hitch
cock of Nebraska - when the hearings be
ing conducted by the house committee on
expenditures In the Interior department
were resumed today.
Mr. Dennett said he' waa careful to as
certain that It was no violation of law be
fore the purchase was made and required
Mr. Rlttenhouse to waive his royalty.
Mr. Dennett resented the suggestion that
Mr. Hitchcock' was persona non grata at
the land office and that he could not get
Information he wanted, Mr. Hitchcock,
who for a time examined the' witness, said
he had been asked his statement on ' the
president's recent order ' against subor
dinates divulging Information;' Because of
this and the peculiar position he occupied
In having presented charges ; he had not
applied for Information.
Condensation of the testimony of . the
last hearln gof the comlttee aa reported
In these dispatches d to, the omission of
aji important statement' -ef Commissioner
Dennett of general land office regarding
the charge that private telegrams were
paid out of the funds of the department.
This la what' the commissioner . said as
shown by the stenographer's record:
'I have no knowledge of any such tele
grams .being sent, with the exception of
two telegrams which were sent to the
commissioner of the general land . office
at a critical time, stating certain remarks
which were being made in a paper. These
telegrams after having been received were
taken to the chief of field ..eervloe and
the Western Union were notified that they
must not be charged - to the public land
appropriation; that they related to private
matters; that no bill would be authorised
which was submitted for those telegrams."
It appears from the record that this state
ment was substantiated by Mr. New
burgh, assistant chief of the accounts di
vision; the purport of the ' testimony of
both being that the telegrams referred to as
transmitting newspaper articles were not
paid for by the department at all. - -
Examined by Mr. Hitchcock, Commis
sioner Dennett agreed to furnish a detailed
statement of all expenditures from the
million-dollar fund around which the
charges resolve on the claim of improper
use, and also to furnish a list of trans
fers and promotions tot employes between
and on the atatuory civil service rolls and
the special million-dollar fund or "Schwarti
rolls." Ha denied that salaries were gener
ally Increased when employes were trans
ferred to the "Schwarti rolls."
Mr. Hitchcock explained that he could
not agree to answer all queatlona because
of the naturally confidential character of
his sources of information In the Interior
department and the punishment that would
follow exposure of these sources.
Mr. Dennett aald that's llule over $5,000
worth of furniture. Including carpets and
rugs, had been bought for use in the gen
eral land office under the $1,000,000 publlo
domain protection fund, but that It was
all incidental to the work under that ap
propriation and waa of the cheapeat kind
of material and bought under the regular
He said the $1,000,000 appropriation had
enabled the bureau to catoh up largely
with the work of protecting the public
MK5. I ILLMAN, Jn., SttKS
WRIT FOR HER CHILDREN
DaughJrr-'f n-Luw of Senator Is Ask
ing Divorce Front .
COLUMBIA. S. d Jam 24. Attorneys
for Mrs. B. R. Tillman, jr., made Applica
tion before the supreme court today to be
heard on a petition for a writ of habeas
corpus to obtain possession of her two
children, Douschka and Sarah, now held
by United States Senator Benjamin R. Till
man. The younger Mrs. Tillman charges
that her husband was addicted to the ex
cessive use of Intoxicants and cruelty.
Sworn statements from leading, oltlsena In
the state, attested her unimpeachable char
acter. The case will be presented to the
supreme court next Monday.
BUCK STOVE CASES JOINED
Two Anneals la O a pees Contempt
Hearing; Ordered Consolidated. .
WASHINGTON. Jan. t4.-The appeals of
the oflcera of the American Federation of
Labor to the supreme court growing out of
the suit of the Bucks Stove and Range com
pany against them In the District of Colum
bia, were today ordered consolidated by the
court and set for hearing on the first Tues
day In the term, beginning next October.
As He Was Acting
Part of Gallant
W. M. Van Norden Sobbed of $28,000
By Woman Whose Purse He
NEW YORK, Jan. 24. Warner M. Van
Norden, the banker and president of the
Van Norden Trout company, was held up
and robbed of $28,000, lost Wednesday night
as he was leaving the Waldorf-Astoria.
'With the arraignment today of Bessie
Roberts, alias Kitty Dowdell, of Chicago
and Annie WUIiams, alias "Chicago Mar
gie," came the story how Mr. Van Norden's
exceeding graciousness cost him his pock
Mr. Van Norden left the hotel and was
about to take his automobile when he saw
two women walking along Fifth avenue.
One of the women dropped a pocket book
and Mr. Van Norden politely picked it up
and returned It
A hearty slap on the back was-the some
what startling and unconventional manner
In which one of the women signalised her
thanks. There was a profusion of thanks
and bows and one of the women fainted
suddenly on Mr. Van 'Norden's shoulder.
The woman revived and' the banker went
home In his machine. The $29,000 was gone
when Mr. Van Norden reached home. The
women have been held In $30,000 ball for
Kitty Dowdell, or Beesle Roberts, was ar
rested yesterday and the Williams woman
was found later.
In the language' of the police the women
wore "fust workers. M .. .
-The .Williams Rlrl. 'who'' Is described by
her associates as the "big blonde." denied
she had robbed anyone or that she knew
of any robbery. .. 4- i..i-
"If DowdU got away with anybody's
roll," she observed, "she didn't give me
any of it I was not wise to the opera
Foiind in Wreck
Conductor's Tickets Show Seventy
nine Passengers Were on Can
adian Pacifio Train.
SAULT STp. MARIE, Ont, Jan. 14. The
count of tickets of Conductor Reynolds of
the Ill-fated Canadian Pacific railway train
shows there were aeventy-nlne passengers.'
This does not Include the crew. Fifty,
eight bodies I have been-recovered and two
are reported missing. In the second-clas
coach all the eleven occupants perished.
LOOKS BETTER F0 RLIBERALS
Late Returns In England Increase
Lead .of Coalition Over
LONDON, Jan. 24.-The liberals materi
ally Increased their score, according to to
day's returns from Saturday's elections for
members of Parliament. They retain" fif
teen seats previously held out of a total of
seventeen contests. Of the other two seats
ohe went to a unionist and the other to a
nationalist. The position of the parties at
this time Is as follows:
SHOT DEAD IN COURT ROOM
CaJentta Police Officer Who Exposed
Bomb Conspiracy, Victim of
CALCUTTA, British India. Jan. 24
Shamrul Sllema, a police officer, who was
prominent in unearthing the Mlchapur.
Bengel, bomb conspiracy, waa shot dead
In the high court today..
The murderer, a young Bengali, fled.
When overtaken the assassin threw a
bomb, which failed to explode, and he waa
There's no such
thing as a useless
If you don't need
a thing, your neigh
Tbe Bee Want ads sell what one
lg glad to be rid of, to another who
it clad to get It,
Phone your want ad into The
Bee if you can't come down to
Want Ad Phong Douglu S3S.
FARMERS ROLLING IN WEALTH
Examples of How Richardson County
Land Pays Dividends.
RETIRE. AT AGE OF FORTY
Horses Bousrht Sixteen Years Ago
Sell Today for Iltsjhcr Prices
Than When Young? Fortunes
M. N. Davis, not long ago, hauled off a
buggy that was not his own and lost week
brought some of his wife's chickens to
town and -sold them, the amount being
nearly (20. Joe Nedrow sold some of his
wife's chickens this week and then had
about $36 extra to carry around in his
pockets. Mr. Nedrow tries to Justify him
self by saying the chickens were eating
more corn than they were worth. Mrs.
Amll Morlts aold a big lot of chlckena not
long ago and then Mr. Morlts announced a
public sale with the statement that he had
rented hla farm and was going to live In
town. Stella Press.
-The above item, true In Itself, was re
cently published as a joke In the Stella
Press. - The next week Mr. Morlts had a
farm sale and then he gave the editor of
The Press, for "publication, a statement as
to why he oan retire from the farm. He Is
only 40 years old, and during sixteen years
of married life haa made $25,000 at farm
ing, beginning as a renter. In the state
ment he saya that at hla sale, one mare,
owned sixteen years and costing ISO, sold
for 65. She had raised mule colts, which
Mr. ''Morlts sold at different times and re
ceived $992.60 for . them. Another mare
owned eight years, costing-$30, and rais
ing colts,, which sold for $651.50. at the sale
irf.'qirhr $a...K : bought eight years ago
for brought $120; she had raised oolts,
selling for $534. During the time Mr. Mor
lts owned these animals the sale of their
colts amounted to $2,148. The first team of
mules was sold eight years ago. The total
.amount of thla public farm aale waa $1,888.
Prosperity In Richardson.
The following Items tell their own story
of the success and prosperity of the Rich
ardson county farmer:
James B. Standerford of Humboldt last
week sold at St. Joseph a carlot of hogs
(sixty-eight head) averaging 2fi5 pounds at
$8.80 per hundred. On the date of the sale
the price waa the highest ever paid on the
Ht, Joseph market. This price was 6 cants
higher than Kansas City's top price and
20 cent's better than the highest price at
South Omaha for the same date, which
ahowa Standerford knowa how to raise and
feed hogs. Just about a month earlier Mr.
Standerford sold a carlot of hogs, of his
own feeding, also. In St. Joseph for $8.42Vi.
The hogs averaged 306 pounds and up to
that 'date brought the highest price ever
paid at St. Joseph, consequently within a
month he attained two top record-breaking
The lat of September Isaac W. Harris of
Stella topped the Kansaa City market with
three cars of hogs which sold at $8.15. Mr.
Harris came here from Illinois nearly forty
years ago and bought unimproved land for
a farm home at $5 an' acre. Following the
panic of , 1873 he offered hogs for sale at
$2.50 per hundred, but could find no buyer.
After keeping the hogs awhile he sold them
at $2.76, Which Is his lowest selling price
as a hog stockman. Mr. Harris Is today
one of the rich men of Nebraska. He Is
an officer and stockholder in several banks,
a heavy stockholder In the Humboldt brick
plant and president of the Richardson
County Farmers' Mutual Insurance com
pany, yet he haa worked as hard aa any
farm hand at all klnda of farm labor. The
family are now occupying their town resi
dence In Stella. At a women'a club meeting
the last week Mrs Harris stated that last
summer she raised and canned her own
tomatoes for winter, after the remark had
young, strong, healthy woman, had Just
been Been buying at the local grocery atore
canned tomatoes, canned beans, butter.
bread and potaoea.
Richardson County Cattle.
In the fall Kansas City press dispatches
heralded the report that $8.00 cattle, long
expected, had arrived. These cattle were
a Richardson county product and were
ralaed on the Harbaugh ranch at Dawson.
They were fifty head of white faces averag
ing 1,487 pounds and were sold to Armour
& Co., not for $8.00. but for $8.10. Soon after
ward Harbaugh's herd beat even the above,
for he sold a carlot of fifteen head for
$10 09 per hundred, which waa the highest
priced load of cattle ever sold at any of
the great markets of the country. Theae
fifteen head were a mixed bunch of Angus,
Shorthorna and Herefords and averaged
1,584 pounds. They were not show cattle,
but, as those of the Harbaugh cattle first
mentioned, were selected by their owner
from a herd of 230 head he was feeding.
in inira lot irom una nuncn aold at $8.40.
and tbe remaining lot, five head, at $U.0O.
The Harbaugh cattle were atarted to fatten
on snapped corn and alfalfa and finished
on ground com.
It Is not uncommon for Richardson
county farmers to top the atock markets
In the nild-weat cities, but there is some
thing of'uajusual and particular Interest in
Ithe case a here cited.
J. H. Morehead of Fails City la also a
late topper of the Kansaa City market with
three carlota of fat cattle. Last spring he
paid $3.75 for the steera and he took a top
price at $8.25. Ha feeda corn and hay anl
runs hogs with the cattle. In the spring
he bought 125 light shoats at $d.t5, and hla
book accounts show they brought him $2, W0.
House Body in Charge of Indian Af
fairs Would Drop Them in
SECRETARY EALLTtfGER'S PLAN
Department Criticises Thomas as Foi
OBJECTION AS TO INSPECTION
Claim Made Goods Are Not Properly
PROVISION FOR GENOA SCH00I
Bills Introduced for New Building
In ftonth DakotaHenry T.
Clark's Plaa to Harness
(From a Staff Correspondent) 1
WASHINGTON, D. C. Jan. 24. (Special
Telegram,) The Indian Affairs committee
of the housA In reporting the Indian appro
priation bill today threw a bomb among
Indian warehouses by falling to make an
appropriation for their continuance. Cor
respondents of newspapers In cities where
Indian warehouses are located besieged.
Chairman Burke of South Dakota to as
certain the reason for this omission. To
morrow representatives and senators will
probably begin asking the question why the
Indian warehouse should be abandoned.
Instead of Chairman Burke asking the
question why thla change from the ao
tctepted "b.w, Mr. Burke turned the In
quirers over to Robert B. Person, clerk of
the committee, late auditor for the Interior
department, and Mr. Person, acting as go
between, said that after full Investigation,
It had been ascertained that the ware
houses were too expensive, because It coat
too much to maintain them. It costs In
the neighobrhood of $'W.000, acordlng to
Mr. Person, to maintain warehouses at
Omaha, New York, 8t Louis, Chicago
and San Francisco. He insisted that if
goods were bought In the open market
and under cash dlacouta there would be
considerable raving for the government.
"In purchasing supplies," he said, "they
must be transported . to warehouses and
then ret ran sported to places where needed.
Tou can buy mora quickly and get tho
'benefit of prevailing marketa aa goods are
needed than if you purchase them In large
lota and atore them until needed.
"And then another i thing, I have dis
covered that the inspection of goods la
largely a farce. I made this discovery on
an extensive tour of the country with for
mer Secretary of the Interior James A.
Garfield. I discovered, that where thou
sands of packages, say went into a ware
house, the .Inspector would only look over
one of two packages 'and aocetH the rest
aa being up-16 standard "- i ' ',
"Then you expect inspection to be made
at the school or agency?"
"Yea," replied Mr. person. "That seems
to be the bettor way; certainly the mora
saving way." i . "
"What Is to prevent the superintendent'
of a school or agency from doing the same
thing aa you charge against inspectors at
"e will only inspect goods which are
needed and will In the course of his busi
ness Inspect all of them, as he Is ordering
for but one Institution as agalnat pur
chares for a number of Institution."
According to Mr. Person, Representative
Hlnshaw of Nebraska was the only mem
ber of the committee to protest against
the action taken which the clerk of the
committee fays was unanimous. Mr. Hln
shaw held up the action until the meeting
Saturday morning, when the bill was com
pleted and made ready for report today.
Provision for the Genoa Indian school,
which was left but of the estimate, Is In
the bill as reported today, there being an
appropriation- of $3,100 for the maintenanc
of 400 pulls. '
It was generally said today that the sen
ate committee on Indian affairs would un
doubtedly restore Indian warehouses
omitted from the bill, but of course that
Is a matter largely of pressure, and It will
be necessary for Omaha to get busy with
the rest of the oltlea which are like suf
ferers by reason of the house commlttee'a
action and bring the senators to an appre
ciation of what the ' Indian warehouse
means to better service, i,
New Building; for Pierre.
It Is Interesting In this connection, that
while Chairman Burke became an advocate
of Secretary Balllnger's recommendation
that all warehouses be eliminated, he has
provided for a new building at the Pierre
Indian school to cost $26,000. The bill
further carries $26,000 for the enlargement
of the Insane asylum at Canton and gives
Rapid City's school $7,600 for additional
lmprovernenta, an increase of $2,500 over the
estimates of the secretary of the interior
and Treasury department.
One feature of the bill,' In view of tha
agitation over the retention of warehouses,
la worth panning mention, for under It the .
secretary of the Interior could place a
warehouse anywhere, and thla may turn
out .to be the African In tha lumber pile.
In view of Secretary' Balllnger's recom
mendation to discontinue all Indian ware
houses. The paragraph referred to reads
"For purchase of good and supplies for
Indian service, Including Inspection pay of
necessary employes, and all other expenses
connected therewith. Including advertising,
telegraphing, telephoning and transporta
tion of Indian goods and supplies, $3,000,
provided, that thereafter the purchase of
Indian supplies shall be mad In conformity
with requirements of section (70S of revised
statutes of United States."
Senator Crawford' today Introduced a
bill appropriating $K,000 for the establish
ment of a fish hatchery station In eaatcrn
South Dakota within the 'valley of the
Sioux river. The selection of the sit pro
posed la left to the discretion of the secre
tary of commerce and labor.
Sei.ator Crawford also Introduced a bill
to Increase the limit of cost of a publlo
building at Huron to $100,000.
Help, for Fremont.
-The secretary of the treasury today sent
a letter to congrens asking that an ap
propriation of $3,600 be Inseittd In the pend
ing urgency deficiency bjll to enable him
to rent suitable quarters for housing gov
ernmont employes pending remodeling and
completion of the federal building at Fre
On recommendation of Congressman Hull,
Dr. E. C. MoClure has been appointed, pea.
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