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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 23, 1910)
Yellow Giant Stirred to Life
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(Copyright, 1M0, by Frank O. Carpanttr.)
HANOHAI, 1900. (Special Corro-
S pondanca of Tha Baa.) I want
I to tell you what tha mission
aries ara ooing in unina. uoin
Protcatanta and Cathollca ara
the advance guard of tha mod
ern movement, tha leaven which haa
atarted the great batch of Chinese dough
to working. They were tha first to atlr
up the dry bunpy of tha celestial civilisa
tion, and they are now everywhere aiding
In putting the flesh and blood of our west
ern methods upon them.
Introduced by tha Catholics.
The missionaries have been laboring here
for several centuries. Tha Cathollca ware
the first on tha ground. Thsy were here
represented by tha Nestorlans aa far back
as the eighth century, and whs,n Marco
Polo visited Cathay ha found Cathollca
here. Later still came the Jesuits, led by
St. Francis Xavler, who, ilka Moses, died
when on the ege of the promised land, and
actively pushed by Matthew Rlccl, who was
making converts In e Yangtss valley less
than 100 yearj after Columbua discovered
America. It was Jesuit priests who made
the beautiful astronomical Inatrumenta at
Peking, and who Introduced the flrat Ink
ling of western civilisation centurlea ago.
Since then Catholics of other denomina
tions have come, and now there ara here
Franciscans, Augustlans, Vlncentlans and
mlHslona of that churoh from Belgium,
France, Spain and Qermany.
According to a geography of China Just
Issued by the Jesuits, the Cathollo church
now reckona Its following at 1,000,000 be
lievers who have been baptised. It has
forty-two bishops, 1,700 priests and about
0,000 chapels. Of lta priests 1.300 are for
eigners. Work of the Protestants.
A, the protestants, their foreign ataff
now numbers about S,500. of whom lesa
than 1,600 are men and almost 2,000 ara
womon, Of tha latter 1,000 ara married and
M single. Tha Proteatanta have mora
than 6.000 mission stations scattered over
the empire, and they claim altogether
about 266,000 of a Christian community.
They began their work only a little mora
than 100 years ago, and at flrat made way,
but slowly. As far back aa aeventy years
since they had only six communicants. In
18T3 they had no mora than U0 and In
1SG6 only 2,000. Ten yeara later their con
verts had Increaaed to 13,000, and In tha
next decade that number had doubled. At
present there ara between 2,000 and 2,000
native Protestant congregations, and their
baptized Chinese number about 180,000. Tha
missionaries claim that this Increase Is
gratifying, and say that If they advanca
during the next generation Jn tha sama
ratio aa In the past, they will at tha end
of that time have over 23,000,000 communi
cants and a Christian community of over
100,000,000. Thla la one-fourth of the whole
Chinese nation. I gave theae figures from
missionary authorltlea and those of Pro
testant Christianity. Tha 1 to man Cathollca
Little Yarns About
Harry for the Money.
i ii. o ijicnci firenuner un mti
.IT 1 train?" asked a large, dark
I Jt I vaaged man a he passed from
rNiiiMi.l one blaeper to anothsr. At last.
after be had loudly repeated hi
query for the fifth or sixth
time, a grave-looking gentleman laid aside
a book and rose up from a seat near on .
end of th car.
"I have th privilege of being a minister
of the gospel, sir," he said. "Can I be of
any service to you?"
"Yin." said the large passenger. "A
fellow back in the dining car has bet tne
$5 that it wasn't Lot's wife who got Joseph
Into trouble, and I thought you jnlglit have
a lllbl wlth,ju, so I could prove be was
wrong and get the money." Philadelphia
A Dr. Mt-Coah tor.
Princeton graduates love to relate an
old story about Dr. McCosh, who was pres
idnt of the New Jersey college before Dr.
F. L. 1'ation. Old Dr. McCoah waa very
ttbbril-iuUii.d, and In making the an
nouncement, at It o'clock chapul in tiie
morning, had to have some reminder on a
memo card or he was almost sure to (or
get One day the Fr neb professor asked
him Just as he was mounting the plat
form In chapel, l announce to the Juniors
that their class would meet at I that morn
ing Instead of 10. The president nodded,
but completely forgot about it, not finding
any reminder among his written announce
ments. A long prayer always brought
chapel to a close in those days, and Dr.
McCosh,' on this day, was almost through
th prayer, when he suddenly remembered
th request Undeterred, however, he
slipped in an additional phrase Just before
the "Amen" and the chapel faithfuls war
' edified to hear, among other petitions,
"Aud, oh, Ood, cause the Juniors to re
member that their French olasa wtll.be at
t this morning Instead of Hi.", The juniors
remembered Newark Advertiser.
Vncle Moac Dlvoreo,
Th following story 1 told by Harris
Dickson iu an artioi In buocess M-igaslue,
entitled "Th Negro' Idea of Marriage."
"Yam, uh." said Unci Mose, "dat one
armed Justice o th peace sho do know his
blxneta. M an' Maria went an' 'suited him
'bout a dlvo'ce. He says. 'Co's I kin mak
you a dlvo'c. I reckon I can't Us no knot
what I ci't untie. It'll b kinder rough,
but you'll git unhitched, an' dat's what you
want 'Tain t no use glvla' a lawyer $35 an'
could make a much better showing.
Tha great education movement which Is
now going on In China was started by
the missionaries and is largely carried on
by them. Many of them are teaching In
tha Chines government schools and most
of tha text books are of their composi
tion. The first Chinese-English diction
ary waa made by the first Protestant mis
sionary to China. This was the Rev.
Robert Morrison, who arrived here In
1807. In connection with Dr. Milne he also
mad tha first Chinese Bible. It was Mr.
Wylle of the London Mission who pre
pared the first Chinese school books In
mathematics, and later text books on
. other subjects, Inoludlng geology, were
written by Mulrhead, Edklns and Wil
liamson. The chief authorities on Inter
national law and political economy now
In use in the government academies and
college were prepared by Dr. W. A. P.
Martin, and geographies and other books
by Dr. C. D. Tenney, the Chinese secre
tary of our legation at Peking.
The printing press was brought Into
China by the missionaries. Dr. 3. Wells
Williams used tha first metallic types at
Canton, and the first power press was
brought to Shanghai Ay tha Presbyterian
Today the Presbyterian Press at
Shanghai Is perhaps tha largest pub
lishing house In Asia. It la pour
ing fourth Bibles, books, tracts and
magaslne at the rata of 90,000,000
pages per annum,' and Is distributing
them all over China, In addition there ia
the Mission Press of the American Metho
dists, which in papering the country with
Christian literature of one kind and aa
other. Both of these establishments are pub
lishing school books,
-As to Bibles, they are distributed by (he
American Bible society, which first came
her about seventy-flva yeara ago. It now
sends out about 750.000 volumes per year,
and altogether Its circulation has run high
Into the millions.
Ureat Educational Work.
But I started to speak about mission
schools. They are to be found every
where. There ar boys' schools rnd girls'
schools, and kindergartens for both sexes.
There are primary achools, Intermediate
sohoola and high schools, as well as col
leges of arta, medloln and theology. The
Catholics have a university at Shanghai
and a college and Industrial school at
Secawel. five miles from fehanghul. with
fifty other schoola near by, having an at
tendance altogether of 3,760 pupils. They
are doing som educational work in other
cities, but so far as I can learn they am
far surpassed by the protestants In this
branch of mission labor.
According to the latest figures, the Pro
testant missionaries have over 2.000 primary
schools and 3X1 high schools and colleges.
In the primary schools 8S.0OO boys and more
than 7,000 girls are now in attendance, and
pay In' a lot o' cote costs on top o' that
when I kin fix you up wld a home-made
dlvo'c what'll last Jes' as long Dat Jus
tic o' da peo talked so sensible dat we
give htm da job den an' dere. Bless: yo'
soul, it didn't take long. 'Jlne yo' lef
hands,' he said, an' commenced to readln',
fust out o' on book, den out o' another. I
couldn't make heada or tails o' what 'twas
about until be hit de same readln' what he
married us by only he read dat part o' It
backwards. 'Now!' he say, reel breef, 'we
comes out de same gate we went In at. I
turn you loose In the big road, right where
I found you.' Ha charged us $1 tor mar
ryln' us an $2 for unmarryln' us. It was
more trouble to untie a knot than 'twas to
Printer's t'rarerbook. )
In the National Monthly a story lstuld
of an old printer having evolved the Idea
of getting up a prayer book In which his
mlnlHter gave blra every encouragument
and helped him get It out
After the prayer books wer printed the
old man went to see the minister again,
and said to him: "Now. one more favor
1 wish to ask of you. when you are fin
ished with your sermon. Sunday morning,
kindly anounce to the congregation that I
have prayer books for sale."
The n-lntster promised he would do this.
After th ermoii, Sunday m f uing. the
milliliter forgot all about th promise he
hud mad to the old man, to announce
about his book, but said to the congrega
tion: "All you ladles, who have babies to
be baptised, bring thein! thla afternoon for
Th old printer, who was hard of hear
ing, thinking that th minister was an
nounclng his prayer book, got up and said:
"Ye, and all th ladies who haven't any,
oan get the whit ones fur M cents, aud
black one for 23 cents."
Ola On vfon"a Hat.
Witty Archbishop Olennon of St. - Louis
was outwitted by another compatrlo: a
few daya ago with a Joke so good that It
cost his grace a new hat. An Irish laborer
was placing wood block paving at a crossing
In front of th Meroaulil Trust ooinpany'a
bank, in which th archbishop kevp hi
account. The boss of the gang wa an
Italian. The prelate, who dearly loves Ms
Joke, bantered th son of Erin. "Well, my
good man," (aid he, "how do you Ilk hav
ing an Italian boss?"
"Faith, your giac," retorted th man
with th wood blocks, "an how do you
Ilk havla' on yourself?" No on was
YMCJ. 3oys Of S??7gta
In the higher schools there are 12,000 young
men and almost 2,000 young women. Thewe
sm but small numbers In comparison
with the 13,000,000 or 14,000.000 pupil In our
public schools, but each of thece Chinese
students will be a worklng'forc In th re
organisation of the empire, and thla will
be especially so with th women. Tha gov
ernment schools for girls are crying for
Chinese teachers, and the missionaries toll
me that It ia almost Impossible for them
to hold their girls until they graduate, be
cause of the salaries offered them to leave,
and go teaching outside.
There Is on phase of mission work
which la approved of by both Chines and
forelgnora. The Chinese welcome It and
contribute largely to Its support. I rfer
to the medical missions. They ar doing
an enormous amount of good. They are
to be found In all the large centera, and
the doctors connected with them could, If
they would, leave and make fortunes by
jxaotlclng among th wealthy Chinee.
Notwithstanding this, they stay with their
work and, on pitifully low salaries, wear
themaelves out. The Protestants have now
in China 19 hospitals and 241 dispensaries.
They are treating more than 1,000.000 out
patients each year, and this Is In addition
to the 35.000 odd In the hospitals proper.
Every well equipped mission station has
Its dispensary and hospital, and the people
are brought In for miles around. A great
deal of work Is done by women doctors,
who have been educated for the purpose In
more delighted than the archbUhup, who
went in person to the nearest hat store,
wnere he fitted the muddy Irishman with
the finest hat he had eyer worn. San
In a small town over in Jersey there is a
cigar store, according to ex-Sheriff Charles
R. Fenton of Mount Holly, where half the
male population gathere very evening to
recount the events of the day. Some of the
natives being polished liars, nuny pretty
blg fish stories are told; a. so rabbit and
snake stories, but whenever any gentul
cltisen exceeds the speed limit the rest
of the crowd walk out of the sto'r and
go home, or In some other way show that
they are In a doubtful mood.
The sheriff wus familiar with this prac-
tloe and consequently when he happened In
the afuresaM. burg th other night and saw
the clgur Htore crowd file out of the smoke
shop one by one and start up the road he
was not surprised. He mtr'ly wondered
at th sixe of the snake or rabbit.
"1 sev that th crowd couldn't stand It,"
remarked Charley to on ot thoue who were
walking away. "Who la the offender tins
"Josh Smith," answered tho native.
"How big was the snake that he killed?"
siuhlngly queried Charley.
"It wasn't a snake," returned the native,
as he continued on his way. "He told us
that hla mother-in-law had given him a
quart of whisky for a Christmas present."
1U1 W Bring Fortune.
It's an' ill wind that blows no good, and
th hurricane which swept a tidal wav
from the gulf to th state of Tabasco,
Mtxlco, ' brought down millions of feet of
mahogany and cedar and distributed It
over hundreds of miles of that country,
occupied by th poor natives and by plan
tation owners who lost, their crops by th
I " rr " m "
belong to th4 unfortunates upon whose
premise it was washed by th storm tide.
Thla vuluublo timber, the accumulation or
a half a century, had fallen Into ravines
and other Inacceasable reese from the
mountain aid... wher It would have cost
more than It. valu to hav. recovered by
machinery or the construction of railways,
fh tidal wave, asslsud by th heavy
taiim. filled tb ravine, with a powerful
stream, which swept th Umber out Into
SUNDAY BEK: JANUARY
the United Btatea. Moreover, medloal "Col
lege for teaching native .women hav
lately been opened, and In time China will
hav Its own female physicians,
Toasg Men's Christian Association.
A new Influence which ha recently co
Into Asia Is our Toung Men' Christian as
sociation. It ia already on of the live
forces of tb' part of the world,
and Is doing wonder along edu
cational and other lines. It has
now a firm foothold In Japan, where the
Toklo branch has a magnificent building
with some thousand members. At Seoul a
big modern struotura haa been put up by
John Wanamaker, and the society is tha
most popular young men's club of th
Korean capital, while her at Shanghai the
Institution building has. with Its lot, cost
something like $200,000, and Is at fully
equipped aa the average Young Men's
Christian association of th United States.
The Shanghai building is lighted by elec
tricity and heated, by hot water. It ha
large olaas rooms' with American desks,
lecture rooms and club parlors: it has a
modern gymnasium and up-to-date bath
rooms. When I visited the gymnasium
todny I found a score of Chinese young
men working away tinder a physical
trainer, and the yellow skinned fellows
were doing almost a well aa th boy of
This Shanghai Institution has a lecture
hall which seats 700; It haa a well patron,
laed reading room, wllh Chinese and for
th open oountry and over mile of terrt-
tory. While food and clothing ar bing
rushed to tha storm sufferers, many of
them are wealthy with th stock of timber
which they will soon b able to dispose
of at good prices.
Tradegry of th Hunt.
ihl8 ,8 tne sad "tory of a tragedy down
in the wild woods 0f Marys Landing, and
tul1" ot tne J'11' anguish and other heart-
r6lldlnf thrills that go hand-ln-hand with
Kecontly a hand.some young Philadol-
P'''8-0 named Dick went to Marys Landing
w"n a PBlt' fi lends from New Jersey
hu,,t f"r deer, and during the course of
tno exclllif chase, which wanted nothing
but dcer t0 mak It real T.'ddyeique,
tn Philadelphia!! got separated from his"
'or coul'lc f hours he tramped around
a:one- 1th ut meeting one opportunity to
cl,ltn' S' ty. for tho only deer track ho
aw a" UliU ljft tl,e Bu"d hy tna
print of a pretty little school teacher's sliue
laBt Bum",tr- tfuialehly a shot rang out
iioin ins uintr siae. or tno DruKii, ana Clasp-
ing his hand to his hip, Dick reeled for-
ward with a despairing cry. His friends
rushed through the bushes.
"Groat Scott, Dicky," plteously exclaimed
tho one who had fired the gun, as has face
blanched. ,"i 'thought you were a deer!
Havel hurt you?"
"No, man, no!" was the almost lnartlc-
ulato reply of Dicky,- whose hand still
prosed hU side. "But you have broken the
pint bottle in my hip pocket, and there
tsn't any more soothing syrup within ten
mlles."-Phlladelphla Telegraph. '
4 ' I
Tropical Costom Spoiled.
The Spaniards damned us for one new
custom in particular, when Wu went Into
business In Manila, say a writer in the
Bookkeeper. V'e didn't take well to the
It was no part of our business
Also . It was one of the few
local thing that the American absolutely
refused to uk. into consideration by dove
ing It into his commercial institution
and by-laws. Promptly at the noon hour
In the early days in Philippine cities
merchants scurried home behind their liver
led coachmen, while their employes ducked
nlmiir (lilt nf tha aim tr ..In I n thai. K. . -
,, pl(lctfS. Tne stor, or rfl th, caBe
mlKht M lockeu up tljht- u I0 ra.
m.n.ed whll. th tore dined and took Its
ft,rnoon nap. About I o'clock the oom-
meni,! world awakened again, rubbed its
bloodshot eyes, rinsed Its mouth ot a dark
r-'-v-- .;! . ... , f t ;W. ,..i. '
. . ' r-"NS' A'-"' v,,.. 1.'- ' ' ' ' - 5
L '..1 kv':-'; ; i XT"
lew - vfV? il' r r , 5 , t , t , .
eign papers and periodicals, and also a
billiard room, which attracta the better
class of Chinese young men. The school
rooms, which, when the building waa
opened, were supposed to be large enough
for th next ten years, were taxed to their
utmost capacity before the first year was
ended, and they ar now occupied from
morning until late at night About 400
students are being prepared for college at
a tuition of $12 per year, and there ar
also classes for Chinese college graduates.
There are evening classes for boya and
men. ' Typewriting la taught and stenog
raphic secretaries ar made.
- 4 1
Shanghai Association. '
This Shanghai association la supported
by the natives; and this Is true of nearly
all the Young Men' Christian association
In the empire. There I a large association
In Peking, another In Tientsin, and other
In Canton, Suchow, Hangchow, Hankow
and elsewhere. There are over seventy
flv conneoted with the college and other
schools of China, and branches are starting
In all of th great business centers.
Tha merchants and literati , ar InteW
ested in the Young Men'g Christian asso
ciation movement. There ar BOO business
men and scholurs of note who belong to
the Shanghai Institution, and each of these
pays 150 a year toward its support This
gives It an Income from that source alone
of $25,000 par annum, and th regular tui
tion tea bring In confilderable. Tha awak
ening of China is creating a great demand
the Chinese who can speak and write
brown Usta: and grouchily returned to the
tasks at trie desk or behind the counter,
Nowadays few stores close at noon. All
are anxious for the extra pesos the Amer-
lean hoped to get by keeping open doors at
Scaring Customs Officer.
in view of the almost universal complaint
as to the United State customs servlc
by returning Americans, It may bo well
to ask Bostonians to Justify their reputa-
uon ror standing for principles by lmltat-
ing the example of Mr. Labouchere In
dealing with such annoying experiences,
"Lobby" wus held up by the German
customs service and all his belongings
pitched out of his trunk. ,
"Put those things back," said he to th
Gt rman customs officers who had emptied
"That U your affair," they answered,
"I stay here until you do," he replied;
"but give me a telegraph blank."
" 11 Mr- I.abouchere wrote' "To Prince
Blsmaick, Berlin Regret cannot breakfast
with your highness tomorrow. Ietained
uiuci lnueiy. vjuiCKi us a riasn me
German officers packed his trunk, and
Lahouchero "went on his way rejoicing,"
and with "no thought of the morrow."
, One ou the Jndge. i
a newly qualified . Judge In one of the
small towns ot tho south, relates the Bal-
timore American, was Irvine- ana of bis
first criminal coses.. The accused was an
old darky, who was charged with robbing
a hencoop. He had been in court before
on a similar charge and was then ac-
"Well, Tom," began the Judge, "I see
you're in trouble again."
"Yea, Bah," replied the darky, "the last
'time. Judge, you was ma lawyer." '
"Wlu-re lu your lawyer this time?" asked
the judge. -
'1 ain't got no lawyer this time," an-
swered Tom, "I'm going to tell the, truth."
I unlnhtu a Thief.
A physician who keeps a Japanese house
servant was having new flooring laid In hit
office. The Japanese was greatly dis-
turbed by the workmen, who Interfered
with the smojthne of his household rou-
tine. One day l.e camo to his matr with
a look of alarm. One of th workmen had
beon stealing eggs from the pantry.
"Btialing eggs," said th doctor, "how's
... uw .
"I watch," explained th Jap. "I s him
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English, and the boya know that they
caji get five time as much salary If
they ar so equipped. This fact Is crowd
ing tha day schools of the association
with pupils who wish to learn English,
and the night classes are full of such
Tha athletlo feature also forms a great
drawing card. When th Young Men'
Christian association came to China, ten
years ago, the natives had no Interest In
athletics. Th old Chinas scholar prided
himself upon hi green goggles, his long
finger nails, his attenuated form and his
hollow cheat. With th bringing of ath
letics Into the' publlo schoola and th or
ganisation of military drill everywhere,
physicdl exercise ha become popular,
and the secretaries of the associations
havo now no trouble in f'Ulns U''r gym
nasiums. They have organised field (ts-ys
at the different centera, and (.000 or 10,
000 come to such places aa Tientsin to
take part In the annual meets. There
are 9,000 student in the modern schools
of Tientsin, and th Interest in such
matters there is so great that an ad
dress waa recently delivered to th stu
dent on the subject, "When Will China
Win th Olymplo Games T" Indeed, It I
saf to say that before many year both
th Chinee and the Japanese will b
found In all International athletic com
petitions, and It will not be surprising If
an Aslatlo some day win the marathon.
I find a trained physical director her
In charg of the Shanghai gymnasium. He
will start a national training school for
physical directors, and native Chinese so
trained will go out from her to hold pro
fessorships, not only In other Young Men'
Christian associations, but In th new
school and colleges, which the governmeat
I verywhore atartlng.
'Tell ma something about the foreigner
who are working here In the Young Men'
Christian association," said I.
. "W havo thirty-two Americans, Cana
dian and English secretaries in China and
Korea, all of whom ar working under th
ausplcs of our International committee.
These men are university trained; they
represent such colleges aa Oxford and
Cambridge In England, and Yale, Prince
ton, Cornell and McQIll In America. We
have also graduate of our western insti
tutions and several from our theological
seminaries. The Tientsin association waa
atarted eight year ago byt Robert Galley,
the great Princeton center rush, and he
ha been reinforced by Robertson, who was
formerly professor of mechanical engineer
ing In Purdue, and by Cole, who waa a
fellow in McGlll. Th secretaries are all
men of high class.
I am surprised at the high Chinese offic
ials who are Interested in the Young Men's
Christian association movement. Yuan
Klilh Kal, the great general and statesman,
has subscribed a great deal to the associ
ation at Tientsin and Peking. Tong Shiio
Yl has given a great deal, as haa also
put something in his coat that hang in th
hall. I look in pocket and find gg; I look
In pantry and don't find eggs. I will go
tako them back from his pocket."
"Oh, no," said th doctor. "That would
be no better than taking them from the
pantry. You must never take anything
from another man's pocket."
Th .Tan went awav with a. look of dlsan-
polntment. A few minutes later the doctor
vmauitt the hatrack in the hail where th
workmen's coats wer hanging and found
the Jap beating the coa a with a rug beater, aa well as In finer accomplishments. She
"What are you doing?" exclaimed the not only stands ready to be a teacher, but
doctor as he saw the dust rising from the In the endeavor to Inaugurate tha move
coats, inont here. Is willing to aid In th eetab
VI beat all the coats alike," said the Jap. lishmnnt of the school to th xUnt of
"and the eggs they only muke the bad man
sorry." New York 6un. ;
having; the" Situation.
Dr. Hilary Little Laycock ot Whoellng,
at th recent diocesan convention In New
York, said of a certain resolution:
"It was, perhaps, unintelligible, like the
Wheeling man's prayer.
"This man, praying in niuetlng for a
brother who lay very HI, cried:
" 'Oh, Lord, restore unto us our brother,
if It doth not Interfere with thy perquisite.'
"The situation was saved by a deacon
" 'Hallelujah, the Lord knows what he
meansl" St. Louis Globn-Democrat.
Gives Wealth to Aid Girls.
Almost out of the hearing ot the pass-
Ing throng, wearing a quiet and somber
garb of severe black, a princess of the
royal blood and one time Countess Aure-
lia Bethlen, maid-of-honor In waiting to the
Empress Kllsabeth of Austria, but now
plain Mme. Bethlen and lowly devotee at
the shrine of the temple of Bahol, Is
domiciled In Halt Lake City.
Mmo. Ilethlnn, who, In her devotion to
th religion which embraces the theory of
a world-wide fellowship lit both brother-
hood and sisterhood, claims to have given
up her title, her royal attendants, car-
rlagea, mansion and all that enters into
court life, finds her mission In the fol-
lowing of the tenets of her religion In the
foundation of a school for girls In Kalt
Lake tlty, or rather a horn for young
womou In which Its Inmates will not
ony be taught "social science and domes,
tic arta." fitting them for home work, but
th finer arts- aa well, such as music,
pojuunK ana language.
, me louowing oi nr ' religion, and
In th following of her v religion, and
her aDnolnted mission, relates tha R.iti.i,
Hrald-llepubllcan. Mine. Belhlan ay
Wu Ting-fang, th former ambassador to
Washington. Chen Mun Yen is a member
of the Shanghai association, und Tong Kai
San, en of the members of th opium com
mission, bxlongs to th national commis
sion. Many of the leading Institutions and busi
ness firms of China ar subscribing to
th Young Men's Christian association.
Tne Chinese Merchant. Steamship company
recently gav over $1,000 to th Shanghai
association, and In that company there are
alxty sustaining members, each of whom
pays $00 a year.
Teaching- the Chinese rrofessora.
Th loung Men's Christian associations
are doing much In the new education of
China. There ara students' associations
In various shools and colleges, which have
membership of 80,000. They publish a
paper called China's Youiig Men, which
has a circulation of about 4,000, and goes
Into every province of th mpirJ and In
addition to this there are something like
12,000 copies of other publications primed
Robertson of Tientsin recently brought out
a cabinet containing apparatus for th per
formance of M0 different experiment In
phyaics, and he Invited th professors nd
duoaUonal authorities to witness thm.
They wer greatly Interested, and as a
result physics was Introduced in many
of the schools. Nearly every association
had It atereoptlcon lectures, and th au
dience halls ar well filled,
Th secretaries ara ready to do ail aorta
of work along the line of th new move
ment Not long ago the educational author
ltlea of Tientsin wanted to Introduc electro-plating
into their Industrial schools.
They Imported a costly apparatus from
abroad, but could not mak it work. They
called upon Prof. Cola uf th Toung Men's
Christian association, wh happened t be
an expert on thla vwy Una H put th
apparatus Into ahaj u4 haa iaaa con
ducting th classes with. splendld auocass
for two years.
At present her at Shanghai and Tien
tsin bureau of advlo hav been atab
llahed for Chines atudents going abroad.
Uer th young men oan buy their tickets,
learn all about th character and standing
of th great college of America, England
and Germany and hav latter of Introduc
tion which will help them oo their way. '
Another striking Illustration of the en
terprise of thesa organisation waa th as
sistance which th Chinese atudents got
when they went to Japan. Just after th
signing of tha Portsmouth treaty between
Russia and Japan tha Chines began to
go to the lat'.'f country for study. They
cam at the rat of about 1,000 a rear.
They wer away from home, and conse
quently easily reached by Influence, good
or bad, r The Young Men' Christian asso
ciation of Toklo reoelved them with open
arms. It got quarters for them, started
classes in English and had meetings at
which from 1,800 to 1,600 were present at
once. It exerted an enormous influence,
and this ia even now felt In China.
FRANK O. CARPENTER.
she oolleve In aarifloJ&I life. Sh has
sacrificed .much already, ,and now gives
her final effort when aha has settled
upon her location. Choosing Salt Lake City
as hor home and field of labor, sit haa
determined upon th establishment of a
school of social science. Her sincerity'
Is shown in hor own gift. True to royal
tradition she has had not onlv tha mIiiiui..
Won of a princess, but that of a woman
who might hav to rely upon, hertialf some
time, and ia an adept In doreesUo work
Mine, Buthlen still has In her ponnnHslori
several pieces of embroidered linens which
she says are the handiwork of th lata
Km press Elizabeth, and whioh wer per
sonal gifts. Theso are to be offered by
Mine. Bethlen In her endeavor to establish.
the home for girls, now her ambition, and
will soon be offered at auction. From th
sale of these linens, beautiful In design
and of even rarity In execution, Is anticl-
pated by Mmo. Bethlen that she will se-y
cure sufficient to establish the home. For
her own efforts she asks nor expects not?"'
' which expresses the new relight of
which she is the devotee.
Mine. Bethlen has a personality p"cu
llarly her own there Is no counterpart
and after an Interview sh still leaves on
puztled. Blncere, yet worldly wise; know-
ing the rich, yet knowing th poor equally
well; of refined education, ytt undnrstand-
ing the illiterate, she Is almost a paradox.-
Her religion and her cause, too, however,
Is summed up In her own statement; "I
was born of royal blood, that's what you
cull It, but the man born In the hovel or
the hut Is even better than I am. Why?
Because he had no chance and I bad every
"But why did you give up your property
and cut yourself off from your Hungarian
family?" she was ssked.
"When we are rich we forget God and
our people," she answered. "When w
are In poverty we remember Ood and our
follow men first. I wished to llv with tha
people and help them, and I could not do
this unless I put myself in their clrcum-
Should her stated ambition be realised
a school of social sclenc. wber girl and
young women will be taught domeatlcUW
will be estabiisnea in Bolt uta
In LI .. 1 . T l, - j . l
hrw.i will &an ha nn,..,J m - , . ' .--...
for th girl nf tb aUeat. I
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