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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 16, 1910)
For Nebraska Local snows.
For lows Cloudy, warmer.
For wpathvr report so Page 3.
PAGES 1 TO 8.
VOL. XXXIX-NO. 31.
OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, JANUARY 16, 1910 SIX SFXT10NS THIRTY-SIX PAGES.
SINGLE COPV FIVE CENTS.
Chief Executive Has Reasons for
Wishing to Secure Co-operation
of Party Leaders.
OF NATION IS
Nebraska's Farms Produce More
Riches Than Gold and Silver
Mines of the Union.
Mrs. Eliza Smith, a Negress Impli
cated by Confession, is Held
to Grand Jury.
EVEN COPPER KINGS MUST BOW
NINE DEATHS DUE
TO STORM IN EAST
Total Fall of Snow in New York
City Exceeds Fourteen
STREETS ARE BADLY BLOCKED
Eighteen Thousand Men at Work
Clearing Away the Snow.
Legislation Can Only Be Secured
with Aid of Congress.
BREACH WOULD CAUSE DEADLOCK
All Officials Must Work Together if
Fledges Are Kept.
DIFFICULT SITUATION TO MEET
Deniaaoarnes Who Are Trading on
Wha They Call "f'annonlam" and
" Altlrlrhlmn" Are Playing; Iato
(From a 8taft Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15. (Special Tele
gram.) It la no longer a secret that
President Taft and his advisers have be
come aomewhat vexed at the prevailing
character of criticism tnat la sweeping the
country, In and out of the republican party,
criticism that la aimed at the co-operation
that the president Is trying to establish
between himself and the leader of the
party In the two houses of congress and
which must be established If there Is to
b any forward tep during the session
that Is now under way.
This criticism, as the president and his
friends see It, loses sight of all the funda
mentals In the existing state of affairs.
The position taken by the president and
his advisers Is, it may be stated, accurately
set forth In the following review of the
It Isn't a question of whether President
Taft likes Senator Aldrtch and Speaker
Cannon, and their associates In congress,
or whether they like him or approve bis
politics. He might entertain for all of them
a profound dislike personally and officially
and yet. If the present session of congress
la to do anything to give the country the
legislation It is demanding, he must
work with these man and they must work
with him. Failure to do this would bring
the present session of congress to an in
glorious end on the eve of a political cam
paign, the party pledges unfulfilled, the
president more or less discredited with the
people and pave the . way to election of
democrats to the house In November.
Play to Democratic Party.
The domccrats could ask for nothing
batter than that the president listen to the
advise of many of his well meaning but
misguided friends all over the country,
and bilng mi a breach between himself
and the congress leaders. Such a course
would .result (a legislative stagnation dur
ing the remainder , of the Sixty-first con
gress, continue the same throughout the
Sixty-second congress, under the beneficent
management of a democratic house and
bring the Taft administration to a close
JMarch 4, 11113, with a record of nothing
'ij-iiiia.' . ., . '
The foregoing are the plain facts, and
the president la anxious to have all his
friends In the country understand this.
As he sees the case a break between him
and the leaders of either house of con
ress, no matter how much some people
seem to think they would be pleased to ses
It brought About, could only result In party
disaster; And so he has made up his mind
to disregard the criticisms referred to and
to work with these leaders In the most
cordial sort of way, to the end that the
present aesslon of congress may have to
it credit legislation that will appeal to the
country by showing a 'real Intent on the
part of the republicans to carry out their
Difficulty la Present Conditions.
President Taft .realise that he has come
Into that high office at a time when the
difficulties surrounding It are very great.
Home of this difficulty has been caused by
hi" political enemies, much of It by men
within the republican party, who are mis
informed and not In position to pass Judg
ment on the things of which they speak.
Many In this latter class sincerely wish
. him well, and would be glad to help In any
way possible, but others of them are under
the influence of the so-called ultra-insur
gents of the house and senate and there-
hardly In n position to do him justice,
hen disposed to do so. V
To all these crttirs the president has
one reply I that they are demanding that
he do something which he has not the
power to do, except by associating with
the republican party and the men who lead
It In the house and senate. The general
feeling of these administration critics, as
the preaideat sees It. Is that he should
enact law without any party, and reach
affirmative results by the unaided power
of this good right hand. The president be
lieves that the absurdity of this view will
ultimately be recognized by the people, al
though there la a possibility that this wlU
not happen until after the republican party
has been defeated two or three times, and
the utter emptiness of the demagogues
who are now trading on what they call
Cannonlsm" and Aldrlchlsm" clearly
President Must Vae rsren.
It Is, of course, obvious that all the
president cn do Is to do the best he can
to make the government as good as ha
ran and to secure as much legislation as
ne can in me right direction. It should
u so r:
be obvious that in .doing these things
i5nt use these Instruments ihirh ....
mdlspenslbl to the 'passage of laws. This
statement Is elementary, and the president
falls to understand why his friends do not
The truth ls and he and his advisers
have been quick to realise It. that th
United States Is now passing through a
period of supreme hyprocrtsy In which the
man who makes the loudest protestations
' of hatred of monopoly and political cor
ruption and bosslsm. has great advant
age. Th person who is at disadvantage
la the person upon whom fall the necessity
for affirmative action and th enactment
of benetlcla! legislation. These responsible
ones are, free to formulate their Ideals, and
make mouths before th public In favor of
them, and then blame other for not com
ing up to those Ideals In practice.
This ha frequently been th case In
. American pollilca. and President Taft re
alise that hi fat is nut different from
4t of men who have bn president be
?ure him. But h I anxloua that those
people Who are sincerely desirous of his
success and that of th party who leader
he la, should remember that he la laboring
A-'uttUau4 wa cteovud Pag.)
LA PORTE, Ind., Jan. 15.-Mrs. Ellia
Smith, arrested as the result of a confes
sion of Ray Lamphere to Rev. A. O. Bchell,
now president of the Iowa Wesleyan uni
versity, today was released on a $6,000
bond.. The negress, who was Implicated by
the confession In the murder of Mrs. Belle
Gunness and her family, denied all the
charges made by Lamphere. The grand
Jury will be In session next week, when
It is expected there will be a resumption of
the Investigation Into the Gunness case.
The Truelson confession may yet play
an Important part In the case. This con
fession was made In May, 190S, by Julius
Truelson of New York, now serving a
term for forgery In the Texas state prison
and It was fully Investigated by Albert F.
Smutier then sheriff of LaPorte county.
Truelson claimed to have visited the Gun
nesa farm before the fire and he told much
about the case. For a time the officers
were inclulned to believe he was an ac
complice, but later It was concluded ha
was a romanoer and told the story In
order to be taken from Texas and brought
It la possible Trueslon may be brought
here because there are features of his con
fession which bear striking resemblance
to tho Lamphere confession made public
by Dr. Schell.
Telegraph Company Denies it Has
Been Merged with West
NEW YORK, Jan. 15. Vice President
Charles C. Adams of the Postal Telegraph
Cable company today vigorously denied
that there was any plan on foot to merge
the various telegraph' Interests and asserted
that the keenest competition would still
continue betwetn the Postal and Western
The following statement was made by
the Postal Telegraph-Cable company:
'"The Postal people vigorously deny that
there Is any truth In the statement that
the change of the name of the Postal Tele
graph-Cable company to Transcontinental
Telegraph company has any connection
with any plan for a merger with the Bell
Telephone comiany or the Western Union
Telegraph company. , They state that the
change of nam Is solely to enable their
local company in New York state, known
as th New England Telegraph company, to
transact Its business In New York state in
the name of the Postal Telegraph-Cable
company and tney declare - the simple
change has nothing whatsoever to do with
the telephone interests or the Western
Union interests. The Postal people aay
they have been Independent and will con
tinue to be Independent and that they have
nothing to do with the telephone company
or the Western Union and don't propose
P0ST0FFICE INSPECTORS GO
Charles K. Llewellyn of Nebraska and
- Jeruea E. Bennett of Wyoming
(From a Staff Correspondent.) .
WASHINGTON, Jan. ,15.-(Spetial Tele
gram.) The Postofflce department today
announced the resignation of Charles E.
Llewellyn of Nebraska and James E. Ben
nett of Wyoming, postofflce inspectors In
the office of the postmaster general.
The secretary of the Interior has af
firmed the dec'sion of the commissioner of
the general land offlo in th case of Rob
ert P. Williams against Mary C. Glvens
In holding for cancellation har homestead
entry located In the O'Neill land district.
Rural carrierc appointed are as follows:
Nebraska Wausa, route 1, William R.
Osbun, carrier; no substitute.
Iowa-Buffalo, route 1, Louis C. Wells,
carrier; William 8. Walls, substitute; "Law
lor, route 1, William P. Sullivan, carrier;
James R. O'Neill, substitute; route S,
Daniel "V. Murphy, carrier; no substitute.
South Dakota Postmaster appointed are:
Monroe, Turner county. Burton J. Ellis,
vice J. J. Klppes, resigned; Vale, Butte
oounty, Henry O. Massle,' vice A, O. Faa
POSTAL RATE HEARING SET
Hatatla Publisher Will Apnea
Before Committee Jan nary
WASHINGTON. Jan. 1B.The question
whether periodicals and magaalnes are pay
ing a sufficient postal rate as second class
matter will be elucidated1 at a public hear
Ing of the house committee on postofflce
and postroada on January 26. The an
nouncement to this effect was made by
Chairman Weeks of that committee. It Is
expected that a number of publishers will
appear to state their reason for opposition
to the proposed Increase in their postal
Butler on Carpet
Before Mayor Dahlman
Complaint have been made to Mayor
Dahlman by the elevator operator and. As
sistant street Commissioner Tom Davis
against certain action of Assistant Gas
Commissioner Butler. Th klckara assert
that Butler haa been making experiments,
both in the basement of the city hall and
In hi laboratory, with dangerous explo
sives. The protest against Butler experiment
have gun so far that Custodian Walil
strora may b compelled to secure new (le
vator operator, on on aid of th city
hall at least. Wtnver Butler get on
th east elevator with his beakara and
other paraphernalia containing, a th
kicker allege, dangerous fluids, the ele
vator boy refuse (o tak on other passen
gers, and tbey mak th aaalslant gaa com
miaaionr stand aa far back In th cage
as possible. On excited operator th other
Aay aoiid Butler of being crasy to handle
MAYOR GAYNOR AT CITY HALL
Executive Little Worse for His
Experience in Snow Drift.
NEW DISTURBANCE IN THE WEST
Area of Depression Now Hovering- on
Coast and May Sweep Eastward
Mississippi River la
NEW YORK. Jan. 16. Nine lives were
lost and six person injured In one of the
worst storms that ever visited New York
City. The total snowfall at 10 o'clock this
morning, when the skies cleared, was 14V
Inches, second only to the blizzard of
1899, when 16Vi Inches fell, and of 1888, In
which Senator Roscoe Conkllng lost his
life, when 20 9 inches fell. Eighteen thou
sand men have been put to work clearing
the streets and It is estimated that the
cost of removal will exceed 1800.000.
Vsyor Oaynor appeared at city hall to
day quite as if he had not fought for his
life In the storm last night.
Said the mayor: "We went through hard
ships that I would not willingly encounter
again. I very much regret the Injury to
my friend Mr. Shephard."
Mr. Shephard, who fell off a railroad
trestle, while fighting the storm with
Mayor Gaynor, Is seriously ill tonight. His
left leg and ankle were broken, and he
suffers from shock and exposure. He is
68 years old.
During the afternoon trafflo conditions
began to approach normal again, though
there was still much congestion. Transat
lantic liners all reported savage weather
at sea. The thermometer began to fall
tonight and a cold wave la predicted. Thus
far the snowstorm, though heavier than
that of last Christmas, has caused less
suffering becatise the weather haa been
Whltelaw Reld' Narrow Escape.
The American line steamship St. Louis,
which has been anchored off Sandy Hook
since Thursday night, reached Its dock to
day after much difficulty. It was closely
followed by the Cunard liner Lusltania,
which arrived off the Hook last night. .
Whltelaw. Reld, who had rushed across
the ocean in the hope of attending the
funeral yesterday morning of D. O. Mills,
his father-in-law, was. a passenger on th
Passengers on the St. Louis, which waa
three day overdue, reported that Ambas
sador Reld narrowly escaped Injury when
a huge wave swept by a tremendous sea
mounted the vessel last Wednesday even
ing. Mr. Reld waa in a steamer chair on. the
promenade deck with hi secretary. Mis
Roger, when the wave struck the ship.
Carrying a large section of the port rail
with it, the wave washed back and car
ried most of the passengers, Including Mr.
Reld and his secretary, quite a distance
down the deck. They were drenched.
The Lusltania reported being struck by a
giant wave last Tuesday, which did much
damage. Some of the crew declare that
th wave was aixty feet high. It smashed
through the bridge and broke In a Tart of
the wheelhouse. The two quartermasters
operating the ateerlng and engine room ap
paratus were knocked from their posts, but
were not hurt
The wave seriously deranged the steering
gear ' of the wheelhouse. The ship was
compelled to reduce Its speed until the
torm had subsided and the damage re
Indication of clearing weather were
New Dlatarbaaee la West.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15.-A strip of cold
wav that marks up aero In northern New
York and 10 below at Greenville, Me., In
the extreme northern tier of New Eng
land, scores today's lowest record In the
country. The snowstorm that swept over
thla section two days ago Is passing to sea
on th New England coast, and In Its wake
all along from the Ohio and Mississippi
valleys to New England the weather Is
clear or clearing, with warmer days in
sight. What the weather sharps call a
"depression," a disturbance that has mean
deted over from th Pacific coast. Is mark
ing time In the northwest today and caus
Ing speculation as to whether It will de
velop Into a storm and travel eastward.
DAWSON IS OUT OF THE RACE
Caaarreaanaaa from Second Iowa Dla
trlet Will Not Be Candl.
WASHINGTON, Jan. .-Representative
Albert 7. Dawson of the Second Iowa dis
trict will not be a candidate before th
primary next June for renomlnatlon. His
decision I announced In a letter which he
sent today to former Representative Lap.
chairman of th district republican com
mittee. hi material . so carelessly. Engineer
Foley haa gone so far aa to bar Butler out
of th basement.
Tom Davis registered his kick with Com
missioner Plynn, who felt obliged to carry
It to th mayor.
"TbV asslatant gaa oommiisloner some
times come In her and set a vlul nf
nttro-glycertn or something that looks
Ilk It, on our counter," said Davis. "H
may be talking to a friend, or hav soma
business here, and I decidedly object to
having that stuff laying around thla shop
at any time. It h want to blow up his
own end of th building, let him, for all J
car, but he I entirely too careless In mak
ing his experiment. What doe h know
about experimenting, anyway? And. be
sides, he's single man, but most of us
about her hav fa ml Ilea."
Mayor Dahlman will glv Butler a hear
ing within a day or tao.
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
CSAL DEALERS TO MEET KING
Date of Meeting to Be Changed
Because of Ak-Sar-Ben.
THREE THOUSAND MAY BE HERE
All of Delegate to Northwestern
.Convention Will Be Initiated
. Into .Mysteries by the
MINNEAPOLIS. Minn., Jan. 15.-Speclal.)
G. C. Reeves; secretary of the North
western Retail Coal Dealers' association,
today announced a change in the dates
for the big meeting at Omaha In June that
the visiting coal dealers might be Initiated
Into the Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben at a reg
ular initiation. Between 2,500 and 8,000 coal
dealers will attend the meeting In Omaha,
according to Mr.-Reeves.
The dates selected for the meeting In
Omahfi were June 1. 22 and 23, but on
learning today that the coal dealers could
see the . Ak-fc Ben Initiation . if they
changed the date to June 20, 21 and 24.
Mr, Reeves announced (he change., .
A campaign for . membership 1 being
waged In Kansas and many ne mernbera
are being secured In Iowa, and Nebrfska.
Two men ar at work In Kansas, f giving
all their time to securing new members
and urging all to attend th coming meet
ing at Omaha. As these members are near
to Omaha, every member secured means
another man for the Omaha meeting and
another man for Samson, the Ak-Sar-Ben
"Th coal dealers will not stop by invit
ing members," Mr. Reeves told Will A.
Campbell of the Omaha Commercial club
today. "We are getting out a new red
book of retail coal dealers. It will contain
10,000 names and we are going to urge
every man to go to Omaha and learn what
the Northwestern Retail Coal Dealers' as
sociation means. It is going to be an as
sociation which means much to the trade
and above criticism from the authorities.
We will not do anything which Is not
morally andMegally within our rights, but
we- are going to build up a great organ
ization and are counting on accomplishing
much at the meeting in Omaha."
The convention was secured for Omaha
by the bureau of publicity and promo
tion of the Omaha Commercial club, which
is also furnishing much advertising ma
terial for the coal trade papers. Mr.
Reeves will have the program out this
month and keep It running continuously
In the coal trade papers from the time It
is ready for publication until the meeting
in Omaha in June.
CRISIS CREATED BY ARMY
Premier Moret of Spain Announce
This Conviction Bl Strike
MADRID, Jan. IS Premier Moret today
announced hi oonvlctlon that a crisis had
been created by the military agitation
against the government The A. B. C.
declares the number of discontented of
ficer exceed 2,300.
FERROL, Spain, Jan. 16. Two thousand
workmen engaged In the rebuilding of the
Spanish navy arsenal here, struck today.
Troop and gendarme have been con
centrated In the vicinity, as trouble 1
Gary Will Continue Dry.
LAPORTE, Ind., Jan. 15. Four month
more the "steel city" of Gary will continue
"dry" and by the rule of a majority of
only seven votes. Judge Tuthlll of , the
superior court, todsy handed down a de
cision In favor of tha Anti-Saloon league
In a suit brought by saloon keepers of
Gary to contest the result of an election
held twenty months ago.
Do you want a
girl for housework?
Phone Douglas 238
and get one.
That is the "Want-ad Num
ber." If you are without help,
go do it now. No use drudg
ing this cold weather when
you can get help so easily.
Girls looking for work know that
The Bee publishes practically a com
plete list of people who want help,
so they look to The Bee Want-ads
when loklng for a place.
Better step to the 'phone and
put in the ad. - - :
Teaif . 1 SI
"Gee, there's Fop."
for Prom Week
Agreement Signed by Undergraduates
Arouses Indignation of New
NEW HAVEN, Conn.. Jan. 15. Tho
pledge which Yale men signed and which
aroused the Indignation of local florists,
was made public today. It In part says:
"We agree, that the ladles whom we
entertain shall wear no flowers at any of
the festivities of 'Prom' week."
The various entertainments beginning
with today's theatrical are then enumer
ated, and the pledge further says that
by affixing names, mutual confidence in
the sincerity of the agreement not to have
flowers worn by the ladles, Is inspired.
It has been the custom for Juniors to
bedeck the room of their gueets with
flower, present their sweethearts with
huge masses of violet and to see that
the chperone has all the flower she can
conveniently carry. . ,
Russia is! First
as Wheat Raiser
United States Loses Its
WASHINGTON, Jan. IB. The United
States has lost Its place as the greatest
wheat producing country In the world and
Russia haa won that distinction. Even
though last year the, total yield of wheat In
the United State was next to the largest
in the history of American agriculture, the
crop of 1901 only having exceeded It, Russia
last year produced the remarkable harvest
of 783,060,000 bushels, which constitutes the
largest crop ever harvested by any country
and 26,000,000 bushels greater than that of
the United States.
The great yield of Russia for 1909 exceeds
by more than 100,000,000 bushels t..i previous
record of Russia. Only twice has the wheat
ptoduction of Russia surpassed that of the
United States, the first In 1904, when the
crop here was a partial failure. About one
fourth of the Russian wheat crop Is ex
Last year rye was grown on 72,000,000
acres In Russia.
Returns received by the Department of
Agriculture from a dozen countries which
In the preceding year produced more than
four-fifth of the so-called world'B wheat
crop, exclusive of the mid-season crops of
li dia and the southern hemisphere, show
In the aggregate a net gain In 1908 of 387,-
000,000 bushels, or nearly 18 per cent over
the yield of the same countries In 1908.
This would ndlcat that th so-caJled
world's production last year was approxi
mately 2,160.000,000 bushel. Ail but three
of th countries heard from report an in
crease. Those with short crop ar Ger
many, Hungary and Bosnla-Henegovina.
The condition in which the new crop
entered winter is satisfactory except In
Great Britain and Russia. An official crop
report from Rlssla rate the crop aa "be
low average" in province that contain 63
per cent of the rye acreage and 41 per cent
of the area of winter wheat.
GRASTY BUYS BALTIMORE SUN
Reported Deal of Former St. Paal
Newspaper Man Denied
BALTIMORE, Jan. 15. Report are In
circulation hero today that Charles H.
Grasty, formerly managing editor of the
Baltimore New and later connected with
th St Paul Dispatch, had purchased the
Baltimore Sun from th A. 8. Abell estate.
Mr. Grasty refused to discuss the report
and at the Hun office the report was
Lonsdale is Among Last to
Desert Cause of Dr. Cook
COPENHAGEN. Jan, 16. Walter Lons-
dale is th moat recent of th former as
sociates and employe of Dr. Frederick A.
Cook to admit a distrust of th man whose
claim to th discovery of th North pol
was rejected by the University of Copen
hagen. Lonsdale was private secretary to United
Slate Minister Ugan up to the time of th
arrival here of Dr. Cook, with whom h
then associated himself In a similar confi
He accompanied the explorer to th
United State, made the typewritten dup
licate of the polar record and brought
th data her for the examination by th
University committee. 11 baa remained
BURKETT ENTERS PROTEST
Voice Raised Against Action With
HIS INTERVIEW WITH PRESIDENT
Two Nebraska Senator Aarree to
Reappointment of Postfaatera
at Lyons, Decatnr and
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16 (Special Tele
gram.) It has leaked out that Senator Bur
kett one day this week had a heart-to
heart talk with the president over the ru
mored position taken by Mr. Taft in with
holding patrnnage from the Insurgents
because of their fight against Speaker
Cannon and his rules. Senator Burkett
proteste'd against such action on the
ground that If carried to the limit Senator,
Aldrlch would be classed aa an Insurgent,
aa he fought and Is still fighting postal
savings banks. Several persons were in
the room at the time Senator Burkett had
the Interview with .the president over th
patronage mattter and the say the Ne
braska senator waa emphatic in hi protest
against the rumored course of the chief
executive, aa It might involve an attack
upon policies very dear to Mr. Taft and
make Impossible the carrying out of plat
form pledges, which would be disastrous
to the party.
One or two other present also partici
pated In the discussion. . It Is understood
thei president has modified hi position as
to withholding patronage from house In
surgents who aie quarreling with the
speaker and will resort to extreme meas
ures only when the administration Is at
tacked. This accounts In a large measure
for the truoe that has been declared be
tween the regulars and so-called progres
sives over next week's caucus, at which
time four republican members of congress
will be chosen to Investigate charges
growing out of tha Balllnger-Plnchot con
troversy. Tfevr Postmaster.
Senator Burkett and Brown today joined
In recommending the following postmasters,
all being reappointments: Timothy B.
Calnon, Lyons; James H. Chapln, Decatur;
Henry Oletxen, Humphrey.
Congressman Klnkatd today had an Inter
view with the secretary of war and the
quartermaster general In behalf of his bill
appropriating $50,000 to help the city of
Crawford construct water works to protect
It against contamination by water polluted
by sewerage of Fort Robinson military
post, the. city of Crawford being farther
down stream than the post Mr. Klnkald
thinks the prospects good for securing the
endorsement of the War department on a
bill for $50,000 or a lesser amount.
The Second Iowa district Is a close one
and the announcement made today that
Mr. Dawson will not run again may mean
the election of a democrat. The announce
ment caused much surprise' In the Iowa
delegation and In the house generally, for
Mr. Dawson i one of tho most popular
men In the lower branch of congress. He
was formerly private secretary to Senator
Allison and a newspaper man.
Governor Brooks of Wyoming, accom
panied by W. E. Mullln, attorney general,
and C. T. Johnson, state engineer, aro in
Washington to attend a conference of
governor which assemble here next Mon
Approximately 100 farm embraced in the
third unit of the Umatilla irrigation pro
ject. Oregon, will be open to homestead
entry under the provisions of the reclame
tlon act on and after o'clock a. m. Feb'
ruary 10, 1910, at the local land office, La
Under public notice Issued by th secre
tary of the Interior all entries made here
after for any of the lands under this unit,
whether for lands not heretofore entered
or for land covered by prior entries which
(Continued on Second Page.)
loyal to his employer until now, when he
aay h I beginning to doubt him.
Lonsdal dates that he received a letter
from Cook under data of December M and
mailed from a city In southern Spain. Ac
cording to this letter Cook was on the
sea from December 14 to December 24 and
accordingly was not acquainted with the
daclalon of th examining committee when
th letter was written. Slnoe the receipt
of this letter Lonsdal says he has heard
nothing from Cook, though he haa ad
dressed several telegrams to him at a point
where he thought the explorer could be
Lonsdal estimate that Cook cleared f00.
OOt from th xploltatlon of hi arctio reputation.
State's Grain Exceeds in Value Pro
duction of Greatest Mineral.
COAL MAN HAS THE GOODS
Mined Fuels Are Closest of Corn's
Cempetitors for Lead.
SOME CHANGE IN PETROLEUM
trade Oil to the Amount of One Hun
dred and Thirty Million Oat-
put for I ear Dollar la
From the office of the United State
geological survey has Just been Issued a
tabulated statement giving In great detail
figures on the mineral production of tha
country for the year 1908.
The table shows that the price per ounce
of silver declined from 67 cents in 1903
to M cents In 19U7, and to 53 cents In 1908.
Total production of silver during 1908
amounted to 11, MO, 800 troy ounces, having
a value of $28,OT0,600. Of gold the produc
tion was 4,574,340 troy ounces, having a
value of !4, 560,000.
Thus the total value of gold and silver
for 1908 was $122,010,000. For the same year,
by government figures, the corn crop of
Nebraska was worth, "on the farm," $104,
941,000. Fed into hogs and cattle, the coin
crop of this state undoubtedly exceeded
the value of the gold and silver production
of the year. From another anglo, compari
son with Nebraska products makes the
gold and sliver piles look quite modest,
for In 1908 the value of the llv stock In
Nebraska was 1138,965,530. Stuff that glit
ters Is not the real wealth, after all.
Copper production for 1908 more than
equaled gold and silver together. The pro
duction totaled 942,670,721 pounds, having a
market value of 1124.419,336. Nebraska corn
and wheat for the year had a value of
S12ti,5ii6,r.i0, and yet certain speculator and
stock boomers succeeded In conveying the
Impression that copper was Incomparable
for investment about that time.
Iron Ore and Cora.
Iron ore, with about all sources of supply
In careful financial hands, reached th
high-water mark In 1907, when 61,720,619
long ton were produced, with a value of
$131,996,147. For 11)08 the production was
35,t82.336 ton, with a value of $81,846,724.
being $7,453,974 less than th value of tha
1908 corn crop of Nebraska. Pig iron makea
a heavy noise,' but corn smother It.
Production of lead and tlno 1 falling off
aa production of farm crop grow. From
305. 1M short ton In 1907, with a value of
$38,707,596, lead fell off to 310,762 ton in
1908, with a value of $26,104,008.
From 223,746 short tons produced In 1907,
with a value of $26,401,910, cine fell off to
190,749 tons In 1908, with a value of $17,
930,408. Thus lead and xlnc production for tha
whole country, during 1908, Just about
equaled the value of the hay and spring
wheat crops of this state, which together
footed up In value close to $44,000,000.
Coal the Real Kin;.
Owners of the mine containing precious
metals throw on a lot of "dog" where they
are known and win considerable reverent-
from the unthinking. The coal mine own
ers are the real thing, though, when hefty
sum of money are being named. Of bltu
minous coal 332,673,944 short tons were Cut,
out In 1908, having a value of $374,U5 J 8.
Of Pennsylvania anthracite 74,347,102 long
tons were put above ground, with a value
to the producer of $158,178,849. The two
sums total $532,314,117. Before the ccal la ,
burned into ashes it probably cost th
consumers nearly twice aa much. Th
year's production of coal cornea mlgh.y
close to equaling the total value of all th
crops, live stock and manufactured
products of Nebraska, Indicating that if
King Corn wanted to visit King Coal he
would have to make the first obesiane.
Oil and Clay Product.
Now we come to Jondee Rockefeller's
Ilttlo preserve. The oil wells produced
petroleum In 1908 to the amount of 179,672,47'J
barrels of forty-two gallon each. Th
value la set down at $129,70S,2T8. This prob
ably refers to the crude oil, for If the man
without a digestion and a sensitive con
science cannot pick up more than $130,000,000
or so In a year he will have to take a back
seat for the dtlxens drawing Income froaa
In this latter class of minerals the pro
duction had a value of $133,197,702 for 1908,
showing a considerable reduction from th
previous year. Adding the value of cement,
lime, sand-lime brick, slat and stop, th
total value of structural material pro
duced was $161,757,146 for 1906, against $305,
853,719 for 1907. This vaat difference may
possibly be accounted for by the greatly
Increased use of steel for building pur
poses; and ther 1 no mora striking way
of showing the forward movement of steel
construction and the widespread use of
Bteel In a hundred new way, than to sot
these totals against one another.
Ail the building materials comprised In
the valuation of $305,853,719 fell $4,582,799
short of equaling the value of th grain
crop and live stock of Nebraska for th
Million for Mineral Water.
Mineral water production reached a
value of $7,287.iSK9 in 1908, based on reported
sales of 56.108,820 gallons. This Is better
than 4,000,000 gallons In excess of sale for
1907, but the price of water fell with pro
duction, contrary to experience In other
things at this partlculur time, for the
smaller quantity of wf.! sold In 1907
brought $44,234 more than Increased
sparkling aqua of 1908.
Production of alum wis less In 1908 than
In any year sine 1904, the amount being
11,152,000 pounds, with a value at Pittsburg
of $2,434,000. In the days of hand composi
tion in newspaper composing room th
printers used about three-quarter th
quantity now produced, according to a
Spring wheat 1 a small crop In Ne
braska, but Its value each year Is Just
about the value of the alum crop of th
Selta More Than Jewel.
Preclou stones produced In th United
States do not cut any great figure in th
total of our mineral wealth. In l'J07 they
were valued at $7X.00i, which Included
$204,600 fur pearls fished out f Ui glvas
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