Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 10, 1910, Page 4, Image 4

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    THE BEE: OMAHA, MONDAY, JANUARY 10, 1910.
The Omaha Daily Ber
FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROSE WATER.
VICTOH ROSEWATEH. EDITOR.
Entered at Omaha postoftlc a second
class matter.
terms of subscription.
Xlly Bee (Including Hunday), prr week 1
Ially H-e (Without Humlavj, p r week lie
Pally Re (without ftunday). one year HW
Daily Ho and Rsnday. on yar (.CO
DELIVERED BT CARRIER.
Evening He (without Bunday), per week ftc
Evening Be (with Sunday), pi r week 10c
fiunday bee, one year 12 50
Saturday Bee, on year l.W
Address all complaints of Irregularities In
delivery to City circulation Departm-nt.
OFFICER.
Omaha Th Bee Building.
South Omaha Twenty-fourth and N.
Council Bluffs 15 Scott Street.
Lincoln 018 Llttl Build. opr.
Chicago IBM Marquette Rullding. '
, New York Room 1101-1101 No. 24 West
Thirty-third Street.
Washington 7?: Fourteenth Street. N V.
CORRESPONDENCE.
Communication relating to news and ed
itorial matter should be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
REMITTANCES. .
Remit by draft, express or poxtal oidr
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only 2 -cent stamps received In payment of
mall accounts. personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not sccrpted.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
Stat of Nebraska. Douglas County, ss. :
Qeorite B. Tsschuck, treasurer of The
Be publishing Complny, being duly
sworn, says that the actual number of full
and complete conies of The Daily. Morn
ing, Evening and Hunday nee printed dur
ing th month of December, I'M. was as
follows:
1...
41,680
41,760
41,880
41,70
44,340
- 43,830
41,470
43,880
43,880
-48.880
40,880
41.660
4.180
. 49,470
. 42,600
' 43,420
17 43,830
10 43,830
13... 41,630
80 .. 43,770
SI ' 43,480
83 43,850
83 43,430
84.. 43,030
a.
.
kv.
, a.
T.
a.
9.
10.
11.
ia.
13.
14.
85...
' 88. . .
37...
88. ..
as...
SO...
3l.,-.
43,809
44480
43,810
43,830
42,370
43.410
43,490
,..
. t -
.
,f
ia
Total .
1,338,610
Returned' copies. . . , . , , , . . 10,130
Net Total.. ........ .1,313,380
Dally Average v 43,334
QaJORUltlj. TZtfCHUCK. Treasurer.
Subscrlbod In my presence and sworn to
before me this 811 day of December, 10.
"' ' W. P. WALK hJit,
. ., i. Notary I'uono.
stbaorlbers leaving1 ike city tem
porarily ahoald have The Ue
Mailed them. Address will be
efeaed - aa often aa requested.
With man', the great woman's ques
tion ls What ahall 1 get for the next
meal., '
From Bogton'B now municipal bean
pot, it is safe to say, the pork will not
bo missing. ...
While Jt ia true that there is no' ice
shortage, the price is likely to be as
long as. aver. .....
In the light of current warmer con
troversies,' how tame appears that old
North polo scrap!
Will the supply of salt hold out
(when wo begin tou sprinkle It. on the
tall of Halley's cometA '
iFor ability to put on the lid.4 none
of those railroad presidents oan ob
tain any credit in Wall street.
"Two jnen claim dead wife," reads
a news beading, but it does not ap
pear that either owned her alive.
When steel rails are proving sp brit
tle,, who will blame the occasional
fracture of a castlron.. resolution T
The ,,national Treasury department
1b to have an ice-making plant Noth
ing to do withv-cold cash, however.
The fight. of women to hold office In
Nebraska is to be tested In the courts.
This will give the suffragettes their
inning. ,
Having .acquired the expeditious
shopping habit, wef may expect ' the
thrifty housewife to buy her mosquito
netting .early.
Wits) 2.000 new telephones Installed
in this obuntry each day, it ia apparent,
that tn4 American' people are begin
ning t speak up. ,
The Clearing house record for the
first wtek in January, shows a hand
some increase for Omaha, which is a
most encouraging sign.
i '. , . ;
Calcfii Islanders are trying to gel.
us to fcdopt the crawfish as a substi
tute for. the lobster. Would not thai,
be stepping backward?
Renfember those Indian-summer
prophles.lljiat it would be a dull ses
sion tf congress? Since then things
have been sharpening up.
Brussels begins to suspect that the
marriage of the new king was not
"regulAr.;' still, he may have been
following royal precedent.
Tho penalty tor falling to shove) the
snowf off the sidewalks Is to lead one's
falling' brother to violate his ; New
Yeart aatl-sweartng resolution.
When the c,lty council comes to
adopt an ordinance intending to regu
late traffic on Omaha's streets It should
be remembered that Omaha has out
grown village ways.
Several Japanese statesmen have
been convicted of graft, and sentenced
to long terms of imprisonment, but aa
the courts generously defer execution
of the sentences we may expect some
budding crops lo follow tho grafting.
Americana cannot fall to admire the
resourcefulness of Chicago. legally de
prived of the privilege of building its
great, museum on the lake front, It
pUns to construct an island. Just off
shore and place the museum there. If
it can thus circumvent its lake front
opponents Chicago can float most any
' ' ' ....... i .
International Insincerity.
Reluctance rnanlfesteJ by Russia
and Japan to agree to the proposal of
Secretary Kuox that the Manchurian
railways be neutralised, may be re
garded as a demonstration of the In
sincerity of these two nations. For
the Knox Idea Is but the practical ap-
plication of the theory of the Ports
mouth treaty, which stipulated that
the commercial neutrality-of southern
Manchuria should be guaranteed. Why
should the signatory powers shrink
from specific accomplishment of the
Portsmouth intention? Simply be
cause It Is easy to find excuses later
for evading the responsibilities of the
generalities of such a document, when
years have passed and there has been
in the meantime no definite Interpreta
tion of vague provisions.
Secretary Knox has been keenly ana
lyzing the march of Japanese aggres
sion In Manchuria. It must have be
come apparent to him that' the 'lines
being followed were at variance from
the treaty prombes, or he would hardly
have felt warranted in thus plainly
calling the attention of our far eastern
neighbors to them. The dubious out
look for acceptance of the American
memorandum adds to the conviction
that both Japan and Russia desire to
have as free a scope In the debatable
ground as the broadest . view of the
Portsmouth compact will permit. In
this connection it will be recalled that
the assassination of Ito was committed
at a time when the mikado was calling
the reluctant czar to conference over
this very matter. Since the tragedy
that broke off those semi-hostile nego
tiations, they have not been resumed.
Whatever the outcome the good
faith of the' United States has been
strikingly shown. In our attitude to
ward strengthening the world's peace
in the region of the difficult open
door we have published broadcast our
sincerity, for we have asked nothing
of Japan and Russia but that which we
have agreed openly to support diplo
matically, a position identically
adopted by Great Britain.
The Issue Joined.
The case between the administration
and the anti-administration forces at
Washington Is now made up, and the
issue is squarely joined. The strength"
of the opposition to President Taft and
his policies has reached the high water
mark. By the adoption of a resolu
tion by the house o take the-appointment
of an investigating committee out
of the hands of the speaker comes what
is claimed as a real triumph for the op
position, made up of so-called "insur
gent" republicans and the democrats.
The significance of this vote cannot
be looked upon as a serious menace to
the Taft policies. The demand for an
Inquiry into the affairs of the Interior
department is as earnest on the part of
Mr. Taft as from any of the opposition-.
The president, as well as eVery fair-;
minded citizen of the United' States,
demands that the fullest Investigation
be made, and the truth be reached and
published abroad. " As to whether a
portion of the committee charged with
this wprk shall be selected one way or
another is a detail that, does not vitally
affect the outcome. The vote In the
house of representatives on Friday was
merely a vote of lack or confidence in
Speaker Cannon and carries with it no
surprise because the opposition to the
speaker finds itself momentarily, and
unexpectedly, in the majority. The
democrats could not be expected to
support an administration proposition,
while the "insurgent" republicans are
pledged to oppose the-'-fcpeakjer of the
house at all times, so that -the only sur
prise occasioned by the vote was that
for the one time th combination ound
itself with a majority of vthrpe on a
matter of trivial importance.
As to the PInchot phase of the con
troversy, the president " adopted the
only course open to him. He did what
any other executive would do under
similar circumstances with an Insubor
dinate official, not only persistent In
his contumacy, but. finally in open re
volts Nothing was left for the execu
tive but to remove the offender. Mr
PInchot Is, nO doubt, actuated by the
highest motives, and firmly believes in
the rectitude of his conduct. Yet it
would have placed him In a much bet
ter position If he had had the good
taste to resign when he found he could
no longer work with the president to
achieve the ends they both sp ardently
desire. This episode should have lit
tle bearing on the main question, yet
It will be trumpeted loud and long by
the opponents of President Taft. But
In the end the truth will ' be made
known and President Taft, and his sup
porters do not fear the truth,
Methods of Muckrakers.
Admission by a publisher and an
editor of one of the sensational waga
rlncs, when summoned on oath before
a grand Jury in 'New York, thaf they
had paid large jume for letters and
documents stolen from the district at
torney's office, uncovers the'metho.ls
of the muckrakers sufficiently to en
able the public to determine 'thy true
worth of their 'exposuie3;M Tho latest
disclosures give evidence of official
record that indicate how unprincipled
the muckraker renJly can be while pro
cessing devctlon to hieh principles.
"TorlunVely there arecrlminal stat
utes PUcer which the wen who' stole
these papers and sold them for publi
cation may lie prosecuted. The fact
that the particular person 'under in
dictment had been trained In the sugar
ring, demonstrates him to have been
aptly schooled, and the grand Jury ap
pears to have found him a worthy dis
ciple. But in getting after the pur
loiner, the real offender, who bought
the etolen property to trade upon it,
seems to be protected. The presump-
tlon Is that the purchasers knew the
possessor of Buch papers had not come
by them honestly, In which case they
ought to share the opprobrlam if not
the penalty. -
Activity Against Combines.
So diverse are the cases involved,
that It Is doubtful If 'the people ap
preciate all that Is being done in legal
prosecutions against combines, both on
the part of the United States govern
ment and as a result of the activity of
Individual states. Much of the hostility
to combinations operating in restraint
of trade formerly originated lu the
west, and it must be encouraging to
the advocates of rigid 'applicat!on of
the law against Illegal monopolies to
witness the spread of the contagion to
the east, where New York Is notably
pursuing a policy of prosecution.
The latest anti-trust step in the
metropolis, the Indictment of theen
tire Paper Board association, compris
ing 140 prominent manufacturers,
promises results, Inasmuch as the pro
cess of the grand Jury Is based on con
victions already obtained, one of the
ringleaders having been heavily fined
as a preliminary to the breaking up of
the Fiber and Manila association,
whose members likewise paid punitive
fines. The fact that similar action Is
projected against the manufacturers of
print paper indicates the thoroughness
of the official inquiry. .
New York has also secured the con
viction of the ice combine, and is In
the thick of the fight against the ma
nipulators of a corner In milk, a field
of activity that calls for popular ap
proval, and which may be the means of
undermining prices throughout the
country In cases where they have been
unduly Inflated, for the New York ex
ample Is one which pins down the in
dividual offenders, having swept aside
the old notion that those acting In the
name of corporations cannot be held
amenable to the criminal law, and hav
ing also made the fines heavy enough
to hurt yet practical enough to be col
lected.'
In Washington tho federal govern
ment has Just argued the case against
the tobacco combine, concerning which
a speedy decision may be expected
from the supreme court, and is also
advancing toward a final ruling In the
matter of Standard Oil. The adminis
tration likewise is proceeding against
the Tobacco Growers' association, and
the president has directed the proper
departments to investigate the charges
that the steel concerns are. operating
in violation of the antl-truBt law.
Further federal action is probable as a
result of the grand Jury discovery that
the sugar companies, nominally rivals,
are really operating under an agree
ment that governs prices, so that it is
possible that the customs investigation
will have accomplished a double pur
pose. ; '
No complaint can properly be lodged,
therefore, that there Is any lack of
activity on the part of the govern
ment against the combines. What
ever is possible under existing laws Is
being attempted, toward the regulation
of corporation greed, It is always pos
sible that the government may lose one
or more of such prosecutions, but con
gress now has before it various sug
gestions for' strengthening federal
pow,er, and such additional legislation
as is necessary is likely to be forth
coming. Rival opera managers have con
fessedly been giving grand opera at a
loss in New York this winter. The
reason Is not far to seek. Under .the
concentration of rivalry In the metrop
olis and its adjacent cities, there has
been generated a competition for stars
that has raised the salaries paid sing
ers to heights out of all proportion to
their worth as established in operatic
centers abroad. New York has made it
known that it wouli prefer one compe
tent presentation of the' best In opera,
in place of the present unsatisfactory
splitting up of forces, and if the inter
est were to s:et together they could
utilize their excess of talnt In giving
opera to the large cities throughout the
country, many of which are ripe for
such a project. But to make a success
of such a plan, salaries would have to
be readjusted and stars would have to
understand that they are hired to sing,
not to make apologies. The trouble
with opera In this country is that the
managers and public have humored the
whimsicalities of temper, sometimes
nniipri temneranient. altogether too
much.
We have been hearing a good deal
of late about tho human equation
which renders Inefficient the safety
nrecautlons on railroads, so often, in
deed, that one wonders if It is not time
to determine the responsibility for
some of the disastrous wrecks that
have disgraced American railroads this
winter. A shining example might be
marie in the case of the wreck which
took the life of Spencer Trask, one of
New York's leading bankers ana
philanthropists. He was the victim of
a rear-end collision in broad daylight
on a road that boasts of its four tracks
and block signals. Definitely fixing
the blame might be followed by the es
tablishment of a higher grade of oper
ating efficiency, which seems to be
woefully lacking at times.
Hardly has Charles W. Morse begun
to serve his sentence than efforts are
being made, to procure for him a par
don. All talk of pardoa at this hour is
ill advised and an Insult to American
Justice and institutions. The temper
of the public is to see crime In high
places punished, as a check to some of
the abuses, which the power of wealth
has attempted. Morse exhausted tho
resources of the law In every effort to
evade the consequences of bis taking
the gambler's chance, and now that the
highest tribunal In the land has estab
lished the fact that he merits his fate
there ought to be some summary way
of bringing his excessively seal o us
friends to a realisation of the unfair
ness of their attitude toward the public.
The laboring men of Nebraska who
voted for Governor Shallenberger be
cause he was such a friend to the work
logmen must feel well satisfied when
they contemplate the establishment of
a clothing factory at the Nebraska pen
itentiary which will brlrfg prison-made
goods into direct competition with the
product of free labor. Governor Shal
lenberger redeemed his promise to la-
bor Just as be
Omaha.
did his promise to
The city council In making Its appor
tionment of revenues for support of the
various departments of government
during the fear has been compelled to
disappoint a number of heads of de
partments who were looking for larger
appropriations. What the citizens will
expect now Is that the money set aside
be so expended that one hundred cents'
worth of service will be delivered for
every dollar paid out.
Every man loves a dog, but most
men apply a nomenclature outside of
dogdom to the pampered pets that Have
all the noble instincts of their race
educated out of their system by molly
coddling. Such social Innovations as
feeding spoons and scent sprays In the
canine world are among the modern
thorns in the ancient friendship of dog
and man.
Sixteen years ago President Cleve
land was being assailed by the Insur
gents in the democratlo party Just as
President Taft Is now. Time has jus
tified Cleveland, just aa Taft will be
justified when the public gets into pos
session of the facts unclouded by the
mists of partisanship or dishonest up
roar.
Indictments against another trust
returned by the federal grand Jury un
der the Sherman, law will not convince
the democrats that the republican ad
ministration Is serious In its proposal
to eliminate illegal trade combinations,
but the Indicted officials will need no
further awakening on this point.
With Bob Burdette in Hawaii and
Mark Twain In Bermuda, and George
Ade's lamp hidden, under the footlights,
what are we going to do for our
spring greens front the purling wells of
humor?
' . P
With society, women managing the
shirtwaist strike and George Bernard
Shaw solving our other problems, all
there is left for the people to do is to
support their families and pay their
billB. ... . . ,V . - .-, r ..'
New York papers are commenting
on the fact' that Boss Murphy got In
side of the city hall for the first time
In eight years. What Tammany wants
is to get the city hall inside Murphy.
Those who seek a permanent in
vestment might place, their bets as to
which James Gordon Bennett will ac
complish first, the abolition of ivi
sectlon or the annexation of Canada.
. V
We are bearing a . lot lately about
all sorts of masterful women, but let
not their limelight blind us to the
worth of the womanly woman, who
continues in, the large majority.
"Figures won't He, but liars will
figure," 1b the only answer apparent to
the assertion of a Lincoln newspaper
that more freight Is handled In that
city than In Omaha, -
When the mikado's saplings are set
108
out there will be enough cherry trees
along the Potomac to test the hatchets
ot future presidents for a long time to
come.
This talk of merging a lot of In
surance companies has a suspicious
look toward an effort to head off the
public supply of calendars and blot
ters. .
One Good Decline.
Wall Street Journal.
A decline of $35,000,000 lu fire lasses la
the rlg-ht kind of a decrease.
Passed I' p.
' Chicago Post.
After many years of research' Iri restau
rants we are willing to turn over to Presi
dent Taft the problem of "What la Cof
fee?" IN'vted on th Han.
Atchison' Globe.
We have" observed ' that the boldest In
surgent makes less noise in congress than
whtm traveling that well-beaten warpath,
the Chautauqua circuit. .
I - I
Whither Arc We Drift IncT
Washington Herald.
What mingled feelings of resentment and
relief one feels nowadays when his family
physician advises' him to cut out turkey,
asparagus tips, quail on toast, mine pie,
and Ice cream for a while.
, V
Tama Jliu Will Show 'Km.
New Tork Tribune.
Secretary Wilson says that he Id going
to show th public how and why It la pay
Ing more than It ought for food products.
There seems lo Ik a general agreement
as to the excess In cost, but everybody con
cerned In producing and selling food stoutly
denies responsibility. The secretary will
do the country a great service If lie can
fix the blame.
Discounted Dreadauaahls.
' Boston Qlobe.
An unflnkable marine target from the
Brooklyn navy yard was lately received at
th I'hillpplnea for the winter praotlce of
th Paclflo fleet. The target cost tlS.Cfla
Two broadsides from the Charleston sent It
to the bottom. If American marksmanship
la aa effective aa this th 115,000 la no loss.
There will b no need for the target. For
eign battleships which are not constructed
aa unslnkabl are already at an enormous
dlaadvantag.
Washington Life
one Xatrstlag rfcaaee
and Conditions OksarveA
at the HaUoa-s Capital.
Senator La Follett of Wlsoonsln, who Is
regarded by th elder statesmen as the
most disagreeable Insurgent who has come
out of the west, la Joyfully watching the
frost melt off his senatorial caka these
days. In fixing up committee assignments
lsst year th gentleman from Wisconsin
was given several placet In the cold storage
committee assignments reserved for young
sters in the law-making business. On of
these was th chairmanship of th census
committee, which gets a chunk of business
one or twlc In ten year. It seems to
have been overlooked that the commute
would have something to do with oeusus
appointments this year, and that is why
Mr. La Follette Is Insurglng with rude
laughter. Bunches of appointments In
which senators are Interested repose In his
care, but ha Isn't saying a word, merely
enjoying th scowls ot brother senators.
To inquirers from th census bureau Mr.
La Follette has replied suavely, describing
himself In terms that hav frequently been
thrown at him on the Tloor by th enraged
regulars.
'I am a new and Inexperienced senator,"
he Is quoted as replying Imperturbably to
the census officials, "and I am not fully
familiar with the procedure of th senate.
I feel at a loss how to go forward In the
matter without the aid of Senator Hale,
n experienced member of th committee,
who ia now busily engaged In other com
mittees. Really I am quite a novice, and
that explains the delay."
When It Is recalled that on of Mr. La
Follette's bitterest eflemlea In the senate
is Senator Hale the' kind pf fun Mr. La
Follette la looking- for becomes apparent
Mr. Hale and Mr. I Follette had a con-
feience the other day, and while It Is not
kiown what they said. It was evident that
Mr. La Follett held the upper hand. Mr.
Hale, who Is by. general repute the most
dignified member of the senate, stood over
the younger man, shaking a roll of papers
at him. The more he argued the more
pleased Mr. La Follette seemd to become,
and when Mr. Hale walked away, appar
ently angry, Mr. La Follette leaned back In
his seat and laughed heartily at the celling.
,ven automobiles liisurse when Uncle
Jo Is around. Representative Huff of
Pennsylvania Is the proud pousesaor of a
touring car. One night not many moons
back, the Keystone YeprPsentatlve was
about to leave a reception for home in his
car, when he espied Unci Joe standing
aa If waiting for a conveyance of some
kind.
'Come along with me, Mr. Speaker,"
called out Mr. Huff. "You bet," said the
object ot Victor Murdock's admiration.
Th machine waa Cranked and oft they
started, dewn hill as It happened. When
the bottom of the Incline was reached the
car stopped. "Oh," said Huff, "the engine
la cold from standing so long."
They tried hard to get the thing to go.
but nothing doing. "Let's push It up to
the top of the hill and by getting a run
ning start, maybe It will go," said your
Unci Joseph. As usual his suggestion was
carried out, and the car once more ran
beautifully, down hill.
Thrice the pushing Stunt was repeated,
but to no purpose, as to a complete gel-
away. Becoming disgusted the Great" and
the near "Great" left the car standing and
hoofed it home.
In the wee small hours of th morning
Mr. Huff waa called tip on the phone by
a policeman, notified that his machine was
blocking th street and must b removed.
Mr. Huff apologised profusely, '- stating
that there was something wrong with the
running apparatus, and that he would have
the garage people remov It in the morn
ing. This was done, and after a cursory
examination of the auto-Insurgent It was
found that there was no gasoline In the
tack.
Among the proud possessions of Captain
Archibald Wlltlngham DeGraffbnre id Butt,
th president's military aid, Is a gorgeous
cloak given to him, by President Dias of
Mexico. Some years ago, before Captain
Butt entered the army and even before ha
was a newspaper correspondent in Wash
ington, no servea as au. uiiuvur ai me
United States legation In Mexico. Matt
Ransom, ex-senator from North Carolina,
was the minister. The young attachedls-
played a keen Interest In the novcftle of
Mexican life and soon attracted the at
tention of Dias. The two became fast
friends, and when Butt was leaving the
capital, Dias gave to him a Mexican clonk
as a mark ot his personal esteem. It la a
brilliant affair, or red, purple, and gold,
When President Taft vlHlted Mexico hist
fall It was noted that the sole companion
of our president and Dias on their horse
back ride was "Archie" Butt.
There Is no longer any justification for
the us of the term "the great unwashed,"
In referring' to the members Of the house.
The baths in the new office building, pro
vided for the lawmakers of the lower
branch of congress, are running fuU. blast,
and It Is easier now to keep clean than
to get a pension bill passed. Row after
rcw of simple private baths are provided,
each' equipped with a massive porcelain tub.
artistic dressers, plenty of French plato
mirrors and heavy coarse bath towels.
There are needle sprays for those whq llkqi
something fanoy In tho way of showers.
They are so adjusted that the statesman
can regulate the attack upon his parson of
hundreds of tiny Jets of water .of any tem
perature desired.
For those who have plenty of time to
spend on th toilet sumptuous Turkish
baths are provided. Hot rooms and steam
parboil the victim to the proper degree.
Then ha la taken In charge by expert rub
bers and masseurs. A corps of husky negrro
bath -attendants Is ,on hand to take th
green congressman lu charge. A dozen or
more resting rooms, fitted up with cots and
pneumatic mattresses, provide restful re
treats for tired lawmakers who want to
forget th cares of state In peaceful slum
ber. '
After a free Turkish bath and rub doun
the statesman may stroll Into the official
barber shop and get a free hair cut. sham
poo and shave. Then he may saunter over
to the house In th luxurious underground
tunnel, safe from the biting winds. He
stops at the stationery room and geta a
supply of writing materials, free, drops Into
his seat In the house, writes his letters and
franks them.
Reposing in the Washington postoffice
there are at least four typewriters, a tew
baby carriages, several Jugs and other ar
ticles which are not used by congressmen
alone. On each and every one of thes Is
to ba found th nam ot the legislative
servant who has tried to use the frank, but
failed miserably.
Under the law members of congress ar
permitted to send letters and publio docu
ment through th malls to officers of th
government or to constituents without pay
ing postage. F-vlduntly some of the mem
bers hav forgotten what a document looks
Ilk from th surplus furniture which now
decorate th city postoffloe.
On som of this mail matter congress
men hav declared their willingness to pay,
and In som instances th charg Is Several
dollars, but in other instances. It was
stated today, the legislator has refused ab
solutely to produce the cash.
WAflRS AND FHF.IG11T RATF.S.
Increases la Both Will Not Improve
the Sltnatloa.
Indlaoapolls News.
On gathers from the ton ot, th Wall
street press that th railroads do not se
riously resent th demand they are now
faolng for an Increase In the wages of
their employes. It ha been announced
from time, to tlm that high railroad offi
cials (generally not named) have reoog
nlsed th Justice of th demand In view of
the Increased oost of living. ' But It was
declared that It would be lmposslbla for
th railroads to Increase wages unless they
could advance freight rates. It has also
been ahown mor or less definitely that
while th total Increase of -freight rates
would amount to some 1180,000,000 a year, It
would only amount In Individual ' oases to
a half cent her and a cent ther on the
hundred pounds and would not be felt by
the shippers.
One of th objections to a wage advene
In recent years Is that It has generally re
sulted In a price advance which was con
siderably greater in total, thus enabling
employers to make a profit out of their
generosity. Whll It would be unfair to
charge the railroads with deliberately In
tending this, there Is no doubt that It
would be well before either wages or
Trelght rates are advanced to have figure
showing th total of each under th sched
ules proposed. If th advance of freight
rates amounts In total to more than that
of wages It might be better for the general
public, and even for the- railroad employes
themselves, to leave things as they are
and make a general campaign for lower
prices of the necessaries of life rather than
higher wages. And even if the figures ex
actly counterbalance. It Is difficult to see
where any advantage la to b gained. It
may safely be assumed that It shippers
hav to pay mor for freight they will
charg more for their product and thus
the cost of living will get another boost.
During the latter part of 1908 and all of
1809 such reports as hav been made public
have shown that the railroads did a very
profitable, and increasingly profitable busi
ness; and at this time ther Is no Indica
tion of a slump. Therefor any talk of
raising freight rates Is not likely to be
cheerfully received by the shippers. With
the steadily Increasing profits of the rail
roads It would seem to th ordinary ship
per that the roads could make wages some
what higher without Increasing freight
rates, thniirh the sentiment tot grnwlnr that
the best -gnneral policy for all concerned
would be a decrease of prices rather than
an Increase In wages. One thing Is certain,
however, and that Is that the general slttia-
tlon will not be Improved If every Increase
of wages Involves an Increase In the price
of the necessaries of life, which It Is evi
dent an Increase In freight rates would pro
due. NURSES FOR POLK V HOLDERS.
Novel Protrrtlvo Method of mn
Insnranee Company.
. Louisville Courier-Journal.
A .New York Insurance company which
does a large business in industrial policies
ia trying the experiment of furnishing
nurses for such of Its policyholders as
fall ill. The trial Is belnfe made lrihalf
a dosen large cities, Including New York,
Chicago and Philadelphia. If the results
prove satisfactory the work Is to be widely
extended and the company may establish
a training school for nurses.
Under the arrangement the policyholder
Is supplied with a card which la to be
sent to the company In case of Illness.
Upon receiving notification the company
sends a nurse to assist the physician In
charge of the cage. The, officials of the
company say that they do not know .what
the experiment will Jead to, as It hajj not
been In progress long enough to decide,
They assert, however, that thee policyhold
ers are showing marked evidences of ap
proval. The question of the conservation of the
policyholder's health is receiving a great
deal of attention nWadays from insurance
companies. Some oX them have gone to the
extent of providing sanitariums for the
treatment of their tubercloua patrons and
others are seriously .considering a similar
course of action. It th plan of furnishing
nursea should prove desirable from the
eoonomlo point of view there may be
further helpful efforts in behalf qf the
policyholder .By and by he may be sup
plied with medicine and a physician at the
company's expense, provided, of coursu,
that he Is prompt with hla premiums and
is content with meager dividends.
SACUlFlCHn FOR THIS CAUSE.
Development of Fly In a; and It
Tragedies.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Man's boasted mastery of the air is trag
ically Incomplete. Aviation continues the
deadliest of sports. The latest death Cred
ited to the attempt to traverse the high
way of the birds Is that of Leon lela
grange, a Frenchman, who.ie monoplane
broke at fifty feet above the earth and fell,
crushing its operator.., Delagrange follows
a score of other intrepid experimenters
whose confidence outstripped their judg
ment and whose reward was death.
These men risk their lives In developing
an art whose perfection, if ever reachtd,
will be of distinct and lasting advantage
to society. Unlike automobile racers, avi
ator by persuing their desperate vocation
are promoting th public good. They are
engaged In conquering earth's last do
main for the benefit ot man. The game is
worth whll, even if death how and then
eteps In for a hand.
Borne time, perhaps, In that distant day
when man shall hav really "mastered"
the air, these dauntless aviators who have
given up their lives in crude experimenta
tion will receive their Just reward in pub
lic esteem. They will be looked upon as
the unfortunate pioneers whose lot Is often
to suffer and die that others, coming later,
may be benefited.
1
Our Birthday Book
January 10, 1810.
DrTE. Benjamin Andrews, formerly chan
cellor of the University of Nebranka. was
born January 10, 1844, at Hinsdale, N. II.
Dr. Andrews served in the union army dur
Ing the civil war. H became president of
Brown university, at Providence, R. I., and
later superintendent of public sohools at
Chicago, from which position he came to
Nebraska to take the headship of our stale
university. H retired a year ago on ac
count of 111 health and has been given a
special retirement pension out of th Car
negie foundation.
Reed Smoot, Mormon disnltary and United
Htute senator from Utah, I 48 years old.
He was on of the floor managers in th
senate for the Payna-Aldrlch tariff bill. He
is a native of Utah, being born In Halt
Lake City. .
Howard Chandler Christy, the magazine
Illustrator and artist, dates his birth Jan
uary 10, 1873- 11 will b remembered as
figuring not long ago In th public prints
In connection with marital troubles with his
wlfa.
Charles F. Harrison ot Harrison A Mor
ton, real estate agency, Is M. His parents
llv In Mt. Pleasant, la., where h was
born, and later sent him to th Iowa Slate
university. H has been president of the
Omaha Real Ktat exchange and active in
our local affairs.
TERSONAL KOTES. .
William A. Murphy, Governor Draper's
new private secretary, has been the Boston
Globe's stat house reporter,
Lvl P. Morton at M assumes the chair
manship of the board of on of the two
largest trust companies In th country.
Where Is Dr. Osier?
Th latest man to attempt suicide because
a girl had refused him made the mlstak
of trying to blow out his brains. Naturally
he missed.
Tlttsburg seems to be the home of the
obscure millionaire. No one so far away
as this, probably, had heard of James W.
Friend of that city, who died last week,
and whose estate Is valued at 115,000,000.
From driver of a bakery wagon at 110 a
week to retired millionaire. Is the transi
tion of William McCoy of Chicago, who
has Just turned over the hotel property
that for twenty-five years bore his name
to th Victoria Hotel company.
Mr. Rockefeller and Mr. Carnegie are
both making unprecedented records, but at
the end of 109 Mr. Rockefeller had given
away tl81,760.1G2. aa against Mr. CarneRle
1162.000,000. Together they have distributed
in the form of free gifts $343.?0,irc!.
Mrs. Agnes J. Connell, the only woman
In this country who has papers permlttlnif
her to navigate a steamer of any cluaa in
any ocean, is now running the steamer J.
L. Luckenbach from New Orleans to Bos
ton. Bh Is known over all the world, for
a steamer Is her only home, and she has
sailed everywhere with her husband. Cap
tain William J. Connell.
PRESIDENT TAFT'S ATT1TUDK.
Factionalism Mnat t'esuie for the
Pnbllo Good.
Minneapolis Journal.
Th president makes his attitude toward
th Insurgents ot th house perfectly clear.
It Is a reasonable attitude. .Stripped ot all
Irrelevant detail, It amounts simply to
this:
The president wants positive action by
this congress carrying out republican party,
pledge. He doe not want that action
aborted by a factional flht In th house.
He wants the struggle between the Cannon
machine and the Insurgents postponed till
the next congress and every effort con
centrated now upon carrying out th presi
dential and party program. He does not
seek to punish anyone. He has no quarrel
with any cenrrem!n for vatlnjr aa-alnst
the Payne tariff bill nor any purpose of
punishing any insurgent for such a vote.
Deeming that the supreme and paramount
duly of a republican congress Is to pass
the legislation promised by the republican
partJv Mr. Taft demands that factionalism
be laid aside and tho duty performed. Be
lieving that the contest over the house
rules nnd the speakership has been settled
for this coiiKress he demands thst no
precious time he frittered away In fighting
thfe brittle over tiKnln at this Juncture. He
takes no sides n that controversy, only
asking thst it he postponed In the face of
more Important work.
The president understands that he can
with confidence count upon the loyal sup
port of most of the InsurRents, for they
are as eager as . ho firr the, reformative
leslslp.tlon he Is working fr. But there
are certain Insurgents .whose personal bit
terness In- the struRKle arcolnst Cannon Is
such that that Issue lonnls large' In their
pathway. They cannot see the necessity
for party harmony at this time. They. are
not willing to postpone their vengeanca
oven If they bloolt the wheels of legisla
tion. From surh insurgents, the president
demands pledges brfore ho will let the
pntronape they claim take Its usual courso.
That Is all there Is too it. .
PASSING PLEASANTRIES
"Somebody stor a dozen fresh eggs from
Our houre yesfrda;'."
, i T A ... . V. . . 1 ..... .1 I. t .1 1
them for a ransom?" Houston Post.
Lover Of course. ilsiiliiR our engage- '
menl. must be kept private for a while.
The Girl Oh, yts, dear. I've told every
one not to say a word. Illustrated Bits.
"There la no place In the World for me."
"Why not?"
"Nobody understanda me.".
"Then there Is a place In the world for
you. Gt a Job as a train announcer."
LoUlsville Courier Journal.
"Think of what that banker lowes In
reputation by going to prison," mid one
financier.
"Yes," answered the other, "but think
what ho saves on his living expenses."
Waxhington Htar.
Auto Salesman Business Is booming, In
fact, we are so rushed that we have filled
our orders only Up to last April. v
Auto Owner I can appreciate that At
the present time 1 have had repairs made
on my car only to the smash-ups of May,
W08. Puck. j,
Mrs. Knlcker Would you adorn yourself
with anything from a living creature?
Mrs. Bocker Certainly that's the only
way G-aorge ever gives up a cent. New
l urn duii.
Tom My wfe Is an angel. .
I lck 1 notloe - she ris ulways flying
around. Boston Transcript. ; ,
"Pardon my temporary lapse of memory
madam, the professor said, "but your hu-
band is a man of distinction, Is he not?"
"The only .thing I cat think of, am-
wered Mra. Vlck-3enn, "for which he
distinguished la that there are more puo
pie in this town who don't' look like nun
than any man I know of." C'hlcano Tribune.
.. COUSIN LOBELIA.
. Tudor Jenka in Munaey'.
Lobelia is my cousin we'll call it tw;ce
removed; A clever girl In many ways, and thor
oughly approved;..
She's pretty, ami she's bright enough -a
girl you'd not tomet;
And still i.obella failed to fill a high placj
in our set;
She would not spend all waking hours in .
talking about dress
It's hardly strange Lobelia was not a gre.it
success,
I Introduced her all around, and iaunchel k
her faithfully
With tons of cake and bonbuus, and gal
, Ions of hut tea;
But poor Lobelia couldn't show abSOrLl!! r
Interest
In nerves, and rheumatism, ami cjld upon
the cliesl;
Lobelia chatised the subject; ard r, I
muHt confess,
It's hardly strange Lobelia was not aftieat
success.
She liud no queer religion,' her views v. erj
orthodox; , .
She hated picture puKZlrft niude of wrligly
little blocks; . (
She didn't care for bridge enouKh to lit up
to -all hours;
She doubted that mahalmas had queer.
supernal powers;
Lobelia did not wish to vote, and could
noi win ii rnt-M
It's hardly strange LobHlla was not a reat
success. ;
When older folk were talking Lobul.u.
would sit by t Ml. ,' "
And never Interrupt them; she dldu t even
try
To prove they were old fogies, completly
out of date,
Though long-drawn reminiscences they'd
venture to relate,
Lobelia was not up In slang; she used
puns even Ihh:
It's hardly stisnge Ixbella was not a great . t
success. ' (
I found her rather quiet, though a very
charming sirl;
She did not keep your faculties In on un
ending whirl;
Her tone was low and modest, her tulk
had something In It i ,V
And, slran- to say, she dUnt, !-",
every slnsle minute.'
Hh married well and early, 'though why
I cannot guess;
So, after all. It may b said a laid some
slittllt success. '
I
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