Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 5, 1910)
T11K DEE: OMAILA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 3, 1P10,
The omaha Daily Bee.
FOUNDED UT EDWARD UOSEWATEI-
VICTOR ROSKWATER. EDITOR
Entered at Umahg postofltce aa second
class matter. , .
Tf?llM3 OF SCBSCHIPTIOM.
Ia!ly B (Including ftunday), per wwk 15c
Ially Hca (without Sunday), tier week l'lc
Ially Rea (without Sunday), one year $4 "0
Daily He and Sunday, one year 800
DELIVERED BY CARRIER.
Evening Be (without Sunday), per week lc
Evening Bee (with Hunday), per week 10c
fiunday Bee, one year Bi
Saturday Bee, one year 1 SO
A tld rem all romplalnta of Irregularities In
delivery to City Circulation Department.
Omaha The Bee Building.
Couth Omaha Tweniy-fourth and N.
Council Bluffa-lS Scott Street.
Lincoln 61H Little Building.
Chicago 1M8 Marquette Building.
New York Rooma 1101-11(8 No. 94 Weat
Washington 725 Fourteenth Rtreet, N W.
Communlcatlona relating to newi and ed
itorial matter should he addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, express or postal order
payable to The Bee. Publishing Company.
. Only 1-cent stamps received in payment of
mall accounts. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
BTATEMKNT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, as.:
George U. TsachucK, treasurer of The
Be Publishing Company, being duly
worn, says that the actual number of full
ana complete copies of The Dally, Morn
ing, Evening and Sunday Bee printed dur
ing the month of December, 190$. wa as
Returned copies..,,...., 10,130
Net Total ........... ,1,313,3U0
Dally Average.....;... 48,834
GEORUii, a. TZSCUUCK. Treasurer.
Hubaorlbed In my presence and sworn to
belere me tills list day of December, l0y.
W. P. WAJLKKK,
9b-lkera leavta tfca alt- tsa.
pot-aa-lly akouM sieve The Be
utalle to them. Address will be
obmed aa oftea aa reaested.
Broken rails are almost aa numerous
s broken resolutions.
Just as socn aa the weather man
gets ready, he ean turn on the other
It aeemB to b np to each railroad
man to constitute himself a safety
When Bverdrup daBhes for the pole
he would better take along a few affi
davit-makers. , . '
The obtuse signal now blamed for
the battleship Nebraska's mishap is
subject to acute criticism. .
Glass bricks ara coming Into-use In
France, but In this country' the gold
brick still has Its advocates.
The progress of the playground
movement in 'many cities gives good
ground for growth in others.
Judging, from weather conditions
throughout the United States, we have
annexed the North pole all right.
Those Cuban congressmen have ac
quitted themselves of any suspicion of
being passengers on the water wagon.
Tammany was sick enough after
election, but partaking of Gavnor's
taffy appears to have brought on a re
If pistol toting Is to be accepted aa
prima facie evidence of insanity In
Kentucky the asylums will have to be
Rugby, having fractured a player's
skull, it must be concluded that foot
ball Is foot ball, 'whatever the brand
or blend. '. '
A Chicago preacher predicts that the
earth will be a Utopia In 2010, by
which time none' of us will be here
except Mr. Wu. , . -
Once more the United States army
has made a record that of having the
biggest sick list of the world's armed
forces In J 908.
The blanket of enow caused so much
bUnkety-blank talk that the good reso
lutions engrossing, tlerk must feel
Bault Ste. Marie having voted to
Hay "wet," Irrigation and navigation
will continue band in hand along the
banks of the raging canal.
We knew that this cry of the high
cost of living would bring it about.
Here Is the price' of cats up to $2,000
apiece, and jiot a. fat rat at that.
Let us-' hope the switchmen In the
northwest will get busy enough to side
track the cold wave now on Its way
from the--"Medicine Hat" country.
The average man alternately shovel
lng coal 'and snow refuses to get up
any excitement over that clay-court
championship controversy of the lawn
Disclosure In a railway wreck of car
loads of peanut shells consigned to a
breakfast.. too4 factory naturally
arouses the curiosity of the public as
o whetherIt 'has uncovered another
ihell a.roe f-' V i 1
The oiqcyoq discovered by the
Roosevelt party Is not so formidable
M it sound. It appears to .be the or
Iglnal cunning Br'er Fox, which lay
low these' feara till an American ex
president iouted hint ut m' i"
Warnings of Whitewash.
The dotprmlnatlon of the admlnli
ratlon tcr have an official congres
sional Investigation to determine the
ruth of the accusations against the
nterlor department, and especially the
general land office, la having a strange
effect upon the noise-makers. Their
cries are not silenced, but Instead they
are sounding a new alarm, the tenor
pf which Is that the result of the In
vestigation Is a foregone conclusion.
The entire propaganda against Bal
llnger appears to have joined In a
concerted warning that he Is to be
This, in face of the fact that an Im
partial Jury of senators and represen
tatives Is to hear all the evidence In
the case and pass judgment accord-
ngly, Is more than ungracious toward
the administration; It is a direct at
tack upon national fairness and justice,
and strikes at the very roots of Ameri
can Institutions. "In their partisanship
and spleen these assailants have gone
so far that they have forfeited the
right to the respect of their fellow
The latest utterances of the muck-
rakers and their associates simply man
ifest the weakness of their case and
the unfairness of their cry. They have
no right to anticipate the verdict, but
instead are In duty and honor bound
to submit their case and. abide by the
result. Before the investigation com
mittee they may be heard to the full
est extent of their resources, and if
they , have any real evidence they
Bhoillif submit It fully to that tribunal
whlch is bound to weigh It judicially.
All these clamorous prophecies of
whitewashing are projected simply to
stir up prejudice, and can not fail to
be accepted by the public as a con
fession that " the Investigation they
pretended to want is a fearful thing
to them now that It is. in prospect, a
confession that they dread the expos
ure of their side of the case. In seek
ing to forecast an improper verdict
they are but convicting themselves.
A Millionaire's Monuments.
Before his death D. O. Mills made
arrangements for the perpetuation of
an Institution of the chain of hotels
which bear his name and which he
designed as clean and comfortable
modern homes for men of moderate
means. While he maintained that the
hotels were not a part of philanthropy,
Inasmuch as he had the sagacity to
make them self-supporting, still they
must remain one of the most secure
monuments to his benevolent spirit.
Although he had a notable part in
the general sociological problems of
the day and gave freely of his millions
to many charitable and educational
causes, nothing will be .more closely
associated with his memory than the
Mills hotels, which were so novel an
enterprise and, so satisfactory an
achievement that the whole world has
rung with their praises. It Is to be
said of these hotels that they were
founded in the faith that men like to
be self-sustaining in proper and whole
some living, and that Mr. Mills' con
fidence In the uplifting inner tendency
of man's mind was not misplaced. The
Mills' hotels are not only a monument
to the philanthropist who built and
endowed them, they are also a test!
monlal to the Individual impulses of
many representatives of self-reliant
American manhood, who Bolved for Mr
Mills the problem of making his ex
periment a success just as he solved
for them the problem of how to live
In decency and order within their hum
Again the Garbage.
The city council has ' finally suc
ceeded In putting the garbage question
In a fair state for temporary solution,
but the expedient adopted Is only tem
porary. The division of the city Into
districts for the purpose of admlnlstra
tlon and the letting of contracts for
the collection and disposal of, house
hold refuse, will force on the attention
of the taxpayer the fact that he is not
escaping any legitimate expense
through the adoption of any of the
various subterfuges that have been re
sorted to In the past In connection
with this Important public service. The
cost must ultimately be borne by the
householder, and the only satisfactory
method for giving the service Is to
have It done under the direction of
the city government. When the pend
lng ordinance Is made effective, steps
should be Immediately taken to devise
a plan where the city can take over
this duty und attend to the work in a
way that will not only be Bate, but sat
After Other Combines.
News from Washington Is encourag
ing to consumers, both babe and adult,
Indicating as it doea the' Intention , of
the government to get after the milk
combine of the big cities and the to
bacco combine of the southern states.
This is in addition to the state action
now In progress in New York against
the milk wholesalers and the federal
prosecution of the tobacco interests
pending before the supreme court..
The matter of milk supply concern
every household, and the America!
consumer will be unanimous in sup
port of any action that can be brought
against the men who juggle with this
necessity. The fact that the New York
Investigation has disclosed a most
heartless concert of effort to equeesa
another cent per quart out of the poor
buyer, In face of , the already exorbi
tant profit, will prompt the heads of
families to breathe the Indignant
prayer that In the case of the unjust
milk magnate the prosecution may be
along criminal lines and may succeed
As for the' southern tobaeco society
that has been national ticandal, with
Its history of arson and murder. The
night riders have ridden long enough.
Their desperate deeds to force up the
price paid by the tobacco trust for the
farmers' produce have defeated their
aim. It was admitted that the tobacco
raisers of the south suffered grievously
under the exactions of the great man
ufacturing combination that fixed
prices and determined quality, but the
"night riders" were not the solution.
Two wrongs never yet made a right,
and lhat Is why the government will
now proceed against the lesser as well
as th. greater combination.
"No" to the Magnates.
In connection with the visit of the
railroad presidents to the White
House to plead against any further
railroad legislation, It will be recalled
that one of them last fall prophesied
that no such legislation would be at
tempted. How accurate a prophet he
Is may be judged from the result of the
trip of himself and his associates to
Washington, where the plea to side
track the executive message and bill
for amendments to the interstate com
merce act was eminently unsuccessful.
Mr. Taft's "No" to the magnates
waa uttered in his inaugural address,
again In his first message to congress,
and reiterated to them in person, for
the special message he Is to present to
congress is in no essential detail dif
ferent from what he has been known
to have In mind all along. Herein is a
fine example of the Taft firmness that
underlies the Taft smile, confronted by
which the railroad presidents made a
very sober-visaged procession as they
emerged from the White House. ,
It must by this time be apparent to
all that the admlnlstratjon Is not to be
swerved from Its policies by any spe
cial pleadings aimed against the gen
eral welfare. While there has been
no disposition on the part, of the pres
ident to attempt any measures of un
necessary hardship against corporate
Interests, he has never faltered In his
determination to ask congress to
amend the laws regulating traffic and
commerce wherever in his Judgment
the public good will thereby.be con
The health director of a large east
ern city says that he has proofs that
some physicians do not administer an
titoxin in either curative or preventive
doses, and that as a result diphtheria
has made great inroads. He charges
that the physician's reason is that the
proper use of the remedy reduces the
number of, visits and the consequent
income. Such an accusation seems in
credible, and if the director has the
proofs It Is his public duty to have
the state deprive the offenders of li
cense to practice. Juggling with child
ren's health ought not to be tolerated
in any community.
Much sympathy will. .be . expressed
for John R. Walsh, the Chicago mag
nate, who will be compelled to worry
along for the next few years with only
a paltry f 750,000 standing between
him and the poor house. It Is such
trials as this, however, that brings out
the best there Is In a man, and we feel
sure that Mr. Walsh will prove suffi
ciently heroic to make the struggle
The Omaha brewers showed a com
mendable spirit when they shut down
their plants pending a decision in the
court of a technical question Involving
their right to license to -manufacture
beer. No effort was made to run the
breweries in the Interim, the managers
waiting patiently for the action of
the court. This spirit will go far to
wards settling the liquor question in
In laying down his work in connec
tion with the Harrlman lines, Mr,
Erastus Young closes a record of un
usual service with the Union Pacific
railroad. Other men have spent a
greater length of years with the com
pany than did 'Mr. Young, but none
have achieved a better record In the
performance of their duty.
The Metropolitan opera directors of
New York are to send a Nebraska
singer to Europe to cultivate her for
stellar honors. This Is not a novelty
for Omaha musicians are already high
in favor of foreign capitals.
Rhode Island having established a
rigorous marriage license law, the
snug little state has abolished a thriv
ing industry in serving as the Gretna
Green of Its neighbors. Mysterious
are the ways of Providence.
The reorganization of the Omaha
Board of Education under the new
law was accomplished without much
effort. Whether the body will be more
efficient only the future can determine.
' Tesla Is again on the verge of Invent
ing. This time it is a wireless trans
mitter of electric flame that shall Il
luminate the whole United States. The
skeptical wilt make light of it.
The fete of De La Grange will not
add to the popularity of aviation. The
ease with which the expert is killed
shows that man Is far from conquering
the principle of bird flight.
The Omaha building year started off
at a pace that promises to set a new
mark If maintained, and the Builders'
exchange banquet was not the less en
joyable because of the outlook.
The unusual honor paid a retiring
private soldier by the commander at
Fort Crook Is a tribute to creditable
service, but only emphasizes the merit
of Sergeant King's record.
To Mark of Job.
Danish scientists are doubtless congratu
lating theuStulvea wu the fact that they
will nut be railed on to referee the Hal-llnger-rinchot
Not Mors of m Novelty.
The new senator from Mississippi Is
hardly unlijue by reason of once havlnc had
a price put on hla head. He la not the first
senator who has hid Ms price.
Waste of Knergr.
Detroit Free Press.
Those husbands who are trying to keep
the papers away from their wives and
daughters while the bargain sales are on
might as well set out an injunction against
the Invasion of the llalley comet.
Another Job for Itoosevelt.
The suggestion that Americans buy the
Kot ko State and make Roosevelt ruler of
It to end the mlsgovernment there may be
due less to care for the welfare pf the
Kongo than a desire to keep him abroad
If t'ona; reus Would,
Bo far, Congress has hedged against the
high cost of living much more sntlsfac
torily from the personal point of view than
the general. If congress would fix things
so that everybody else's salary might
either be Increased 50 per cent or made to
go BO per cent farther, much would be
A Jolt for Croakers.
St. Louis Republic.
It may be, as envious Europeans claim,
that Americans are great chasers of the al
mighty dollar, but the (140,000,000 bestowed
upon public benefactions In this country
during the year sufficiently proves that
when we catch up with the dollar we do
not squeeze it hard enough to make the
eagle thereon scream with pain.
Woold I.lte Be Wortb Living
Another thing should be remembered by
those statesmen who are always pointing
out the automobile habit as an evidence
of the plain people's Increasing extrava
gance. If the people who can't afford
them were to quit buying automobiles
most of the automobile factories would
have to go out of business. '
Fitted for Hardship.
"There is on more chance for your ene
mies to defeat your confirmation than for
a celluloid dog to catch an asbestos cat
In Hades," wired Senator "Bob" Taylor
to Judge Lurton recently. ' Booner or later,
perhaps, the democrats In the senate will
select Mr. Taylor as their leader. That,
whatever else It may or may not da, will
add considerably to the gayety of the na
tions, we apprehend.
. Collier's Weekly.
For ways that are dark and for tricks
that are vain, theatrical folk are peculiar.
Take the common method of advertising
"runs." A play begins Its metropolitan
career name furnished on request In mid-
April; It plays until July, and In Septem
ber it reopens with "seven months' run In
New York" eight-sheeted across the coun
try. Another opens In November and plays
until February 1, "Two years on Broad
way." "Isn't 1908 one year?" the press
agent aeka. .. "Well, Isn't 1909 another?"
What We are Coming To.
, Chicago Post.
Mr. Nikola Tesla. who has not nreriletaA
anything really marvelous for a long while
back, tells us .that .In twenty years we
shall see a "wireless electric light" run by
a current ahipj4 from, the producing
plant over ether waves. And we suppose
there is no .good reason to douht him.
With the wireless, telegraph now In action
and the wireless,! telephone looming over
the horizon the .wireless Incandescent lleht
seems not at all impossible. How far Is
this elimination of wire to go, by the
way? We can never have wireless mos
quito screens, we suppose, but may not
some ruture wizard give us wireless poli
Problem of Securing; an Effective
Check on Creed.
A dishonest and malicious attempt is ap
parent in many Quarters to Dreludlce 'Presi
dent Taft's efforts to solve the trust prob
lem by asserting that the Drealileht'a ulnna
for the regulation of trusts will prevent
their summary suppression.
Neither President Roosevelt nor President
Taft has ever proposed the prohibition of
all combinations. In all his speeches from
the beginning President Roosevelt asserted
the necessity and wisdom of rnmhlmilnni
provided they were properly regulated. He
am not propose .to destroy, but reform.
neither aoes President Taft.
Both are as one. Both have pointed out
that larger and tlarger corporations and
combinations are inevitable. Both hv
admltted that the modern development of
trade calm for them. Both have demanded
that trusts should be regulated, not pro
hibited, and prevented from destroying
competition and doing Injury to competi
tors. If competition Is preserved, fair prices
are required, all trust contracts made
public, their railroad rates known and their
capitalization and profits reeulated. th
mere size of a combination can do no harm.
Trusts do harm, not because they are big,
but because they are secret, superior to
the law, stifle competition, raise prices, are
free from regulation and enjoying special
privileges from railroads.
Remove these evils and the evils of trusts
are removed. The screen of the trusts has
been through state charters. Issued by
states like New Jersey. These allied
secrecy, eluded federal and state Jurisdic
tion, avoided egulatlon , and destroyed
competition. The circuit court decision In
the Standard OH case strikes down this
screen. 'If affirmed at Washington It
makes a state charter of little worth aa a
screen to the acts of trusts
Nation-wide trade and nation-wide cor
porations must still exist. Substitute a
federal Incorporation act for the state
charter and federal regulation ean prevent
the evils, while preserving the economy
and efficiency of the great combinations.
Those who oppose this are directly or
Indirectly, consciously or unconsciously, the
supporters and defenders of trusts and
Our Birthday Book
January 5, 1910.
David 8. liispham, the concert singer,
celebrated his Md birthday. He Is a native
of Philadelphia, and sang here In Omaha
Henry Loom Is Nelson, author and maga
zine editor, waa born January i. ltm. In
New York City.
"Slason Thompson, who Is holding down a
bureau of railway statistics over In Chi
cago, la Just 61 today. Hlason Thompson
comes from New Brunswick, and put In his
earlier years as a newspaper man.
Josephus E. Rugg, retired stock grower,
living at the Normandle, waa born Jan
uary I, lsftf. He ia a Vermonter and did a
thriving cattle business in Wyoming and
Idaho up to ten years ago, when he moved
Matters of Interest Oa ant Back
of the Mrlnf 1.1 a OleaaeS from
tae Army and Wavy Beglater.
The comptroller of the treasury has pre
pared a new mounted pay certificate to be
filed by army officers who are entitled to
that extra emolument. This new certificate
will require an army officer, entitled to
mounted pay, to show the place where he
maintains his mount or mounts. It will
then become a question for sentiment by
the accounting officers of I the treasury
whether the officer Is, under the law, en
titled to receive mounted pay. It Is appre
ciated that no Iron-clnd regulation can be
adopted, and It looks as if every case must
be settled upon the Individual circum
stances, Involving the station and -duty of
the officer and the location of the animal.
The geographical factor Is destined to enter
vitally Into the' determination of questions
Congressional sentiment may be de
scribed aa entertaining greater favor to
ward the proposition for an increase In the
commissioned personnel of the military
establishment The chairmen and mem
bers of the house and senate military com
mittees have expressed themselves as en
dorsing the project, although it doea not
definitely appear thut the Increase will be
to the extent of the 612 officers contem
plated by the War department measure
which has been Introduced by Senator
Warren. It really looks as If something
would be done In the direction so greatly
needed and so urgently presented to con
gress as an adequate means of supplying
a deficiency In personnel. As has already
been expressed in these columns, the opin
ion at the capltol is that the extra officer
bill stands an even chance of enactment In
the military legislation accomplished at the
present session of congress. It looks as
If that would be about the only army leg
islation enacted, outside of the regular
provision for the support and maintenance
of the military establishment, the appro
priations for which have this year been re
duced In an unprecedented example of con
Army officers are discussing with lively
Interest the appointment which will be
made by President Taft to the grade of
brigadier general In January. It Is under
stood that senators who have to do with
the confirmation of army nominations
have signified to Mr. Taft the desirability
of confining these appointments to officers
who are not to be Immediately retired. The
recent announcement of appointments to the
grade, Involving the retirement of three
officers, upon advancement, has attracted
coi Biddable attention at the capltol and
has been made the subject of much adverse
comment, which, of course, ia In no degree
d. Tec ted against the officers who are recog
nized as being entitled to the distinction
and reward conferred upon them. At the
same time. It i also pointed out lhat these
retirements have hitherto been the occasion
of criticism In both the house and Benate
and It has been stated that they are to fur
nish Representative Prince of Illinois, a
prominent and active member of the house
military committee, with an opportunity to
address the house when the army appro
priation bill comes up for consideration
after the holiday recess. Under the circum
stances and In view of the senatorial atti
tude, as described to Mr. Taft, it is ex
pected the president will select aa brigadier
general an officer who has at least a year
to servo. There has been a rumor at the
War department that the senate would
refuse to. confirm the officers whose ap
pointments have been announced and who
are to be. promptly retired upon advance
ment; but there Is no indication of suoh ad
verse senatorial action or of any Intimation
to the president that the nominations should
not be made as .given out at the War de
partment. The expectation is that some
colonel of Infantry will be appointed to the
grade of brigadier general In January,
largely on the showing that It is due to
that arm by virtue of its proportionate
representation In the list of general officers.
The army medical authorities are much'
gratified with the prospect of a large class
at the examination to be hold in all parts
of the country on January 17 of candidates
for appointment to the army medical corps.
Up to this date there are sixty-four can
didates and It is expected the entire class
will number seventy-five by the time the
examinations are held. There are already
four approved candidates who have passed
the examination and who will form a part
of the next class at the' army medical
school. It is hoped that enougn of the
candidates will qualify to make an appre
ciable showing toward filling the eighty
three vacancies which now exist in the
Junior grade of the army medical corps.
The corps has been greatly benefited by
the legislation which Increased and reor
ganized that branch of the army. In 1906-7
the vacancies exceeded the new admissions
to the corps. In May, 1908, an examination
of fifty-eight candidates gave only nine
qualified men. In August of that year,
four months after the passage of the reor
ganization bill, there were 128 aupllcants
and twenty-five accepted candidates. In
the period between October, 1108, and the
same month of 1909, by which time the ad
vantages of service In the corps have been
made known, there was a substantial In
crease In the number of applicants und
accepted candidates. The records show
that In January and July of 11)09 270 candi
dates were examined and fifty-seven were
accepted and the attendance at the medical
school this year Is fifty-eight, as com
pared with ten in 1907 and thirty-three in
Approaching retirements of five senior
officers of the quartermaster's depart
ment of the army will cause promotions in
that branch and will necessitate many
changes In duties, a part of whieh have
already been determined upon by Quarter
master General Alekhire. Other changes
will be announced later. These rerlre
ments, either for age or by request, will
occur during the next six months und in
volve Colonels William S. Patten, John W.
Pullman, James W. Pope and Lieutenant
Colonels WlllUm W. Robinson and J. R
Sawyer, with possibly two others by re
quest on account of service. This will pro
mote to the next higher grade Lieutenant
Colonels Frederick Von Seluaeder, lit It.
Stevens and F. G. Hodgson, Majors
Thomas Cruse, D. K. McCarthy. John T.
Knight, John M. Carson, Jr., and J. E.
Baxter and Captains A. S. Ulckham, W. M.
Uoulling, W. C. Cannon, D. W. Arnold and
C T, Baker. The changes In duties already
determined upon Include the assignment of
Captain Harry L. Peltus to the charge
of the quartermaster depot In Washington
in place of Major M. O. Zallnskl, who will
go on temporary duty In the office of the
quartermaster general; the assignment of
Captain F. L. Wells, Eleventh Infantry,
recently detailed to quartermaster duty,
to relieve Captain Frank A. Orant at Gov
ernors Island, the latter officer going to
San Frnclco as assistant at the Fort
Mason depot; Captain F. T. Arnold trans
ferred from Fort Robinson, Neb., to New
London, Conn., relieving Captain Charles
A. Baker, who goes to Fort Wright In
the meantime, orders for examination for
promotion have been Issued to Captains
Cannon, Arnold, Charles T. Baker Scott,
J. M. Baker who will be examined in
Manila Holt and Cbambwrlin.
KK.KV14 B 1 C-0UHRSS.
loath Dominant In Senate, Age ton.
trola In IIobm.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
The congressional directory for the Sixty
first congress, now beginning lis tir.it
regular session, ha Just appeared. It
contains a lift of senators and representa
tives arranged according to length of serv
ice, and the first thing to arrest attention
here Is the great youth of the senate. Of
the ninety-two members of the upper
chamber no less than forty-eight, or more
than one-half, have five years or less of
service to their credit, and not less than
sixty-five have been in their seats no
more than ten years. In other words, the
senators who have served more than ten
years constitute less than one-third of the
chamber, and of the twenty-seven mem
bers who have served more than ten years,
seven exceed that period of service by only
a few months, and of the twenty with
nearly eleven or more years In the senate
to boast of, twelve date back no further
than 1M5. Thus only eight senators are
of more than fifteen years standing. They
are F.uaene Hale and William P. Frye of
Maine and Nelson W. Aldrlch of Rhode
Islund, who entered the senate In 181;
Shelby M. Ctillom of Illinois, 1SS3; John W.
Hanlel of Virginia, 1S87; Jacob H. Galllnger
of New Hampshire, 1891; and Henry Cabot
Lodse of Massachusetts and George C. Per
kins of California, who entered in 18:3. It
may be doubted whether before since the
civil war so youthful a body of men in
point of service has ever filled the upper
chamber. It seems but yesterday that Mr,
Lodge was a "Junior" 'Senator, yet here
he appears among the first seven of the
There are always to be found In the
house a few' cases of extended service
therein, but they are rarely very numer
ous. In the present house, however, of
3M members (two vacancies existing to bo
filled), there are ninety-four men who have
served five terms up to the present one, or
ten years. They constitute about one
fout th of the whole number, while the 10
year or older members of the senate con
sume not much more than one-fourth of
It in an unusual situation which has
brought the senate closely to a parity with
the house In the small proportion which
the older bears to the younger membership.
There Is no memher of the senate who has
served as much as, or over thirty years,
but Speaker Cannon of the houre has
thirty-four years of membership In that
body, and II. H. Bingham of Pennsylvania,
thirty years, each with elections to two
mine years. Including the present term,
Sereno E. Payne of New Tork Is credited
with thirteen terms, John Dal sell of Penn
sylvania, twelve; and Hull of Iowa, Jones
of Virginia and Livingston of Georgia, with
ten each. Of the eight members having
nine terms to their election two are from
Massachusetts Glllett and McCall. We
have to Jump over among the seven-term
members to find any more Massachusetts
representatives Lawrence, Greene and
It may be said, therefore, that that con
servatism, which is begotten by great
length of service in either branch of con
gress is exceptionally weak in the senate
of today and exceptionally strong in the
house, where it is also aided by control
of the autocratic machinery that has grown
up In that body. Thus for once In the
country's history the radicalism of the
day can find larger hope for itself In the
lnited States senate than In the popular
branch of congress.
COST OP COLD STORAGB.
Means Kiuployed to Booat the Price
When the investigation of the coat of
living gets under way one of the factors
In the product for food supplies which
will Invite the probe of the lnvestgators
will be the cold storage warehouse. Ac
cording to a statement recently made by the
president of the American Warehousemen's
association, 1,500,000,000 eggs were In cold
storage the first of September, being held
there In order that the egg market might
be controlled and the price of eggs kept
at a high level. It was said with equal au
thority that a similar amount of butter
was being held in cold storage for similar
purposes. In otner words, $55,000,000 worth
of food products were withdrawn from the
markets of this country and an arbitrary
price level created which had no connec
tion with the law of supply and demand,
which should be the ruling force In an open
and competitive market The cold storage
process has accomplished remarkable bene
fits for the consumer In many ways.
Rightly used It would be the means of re
ducing the cost of his living. Wrongly
used, It haa Increased the cost of his living
and crcattd Immense profits for specula
tors and manipulators. With the facili
ties of cold storage the market can be
broken to such an extent as to ruin any
Idependent movement to regulate It. With
the facilities of cold storage a sufficient
amount of the natural market can be with
drawn at any time to create an effective
corner and to put prices at any desired
point. The authoritative figures quoted
above are sufficient evidence to any
family head in the United Stales now
being forced to pay famine prices for but
ter and eggs to convince htm of the Im
portance of an Immediate and an Insistent
appeal to the president and to congress
for a complete and thorough Investigation
of this and other factors which tended to
increase the cos; of living beyond the point
where there Is a reasonable and natural
dency to com
bine business and
ity so becomes at once
a duty and a courtesy;
it's best backed by an
LORD ELGIN, Thin Model
Pendant Winding and Setting. Seventeen
or hlleen iewel. Kuhy anil sapphire balance
and center Kwf la. Compensating balance,
Ur-unil hnir &minff with mirrufnelric rru-
AuiuMea to lemperaiure. tifowq
Patent recoilinrcluk an
selt-lotkini setting device, bunk-tecond
timed in case at Uic lactury.
Ia rilled Cold Case, lit an up.
In AoU4 Cold Cum-, IN and up.
Other Elfin modela at other prices, accord -ina
to grade ol movement and cane. All
tlin Uaichca are lull? guaranteed, and
are aold by Jeweler everywhere,
ELGIN NATIONAL WATCH COMPANY.
Leslie M. Shaw has boon telling what
would happen politically were Taft. Roose
velt and Bryan to die euddwniy. Maybo
he'i right, but what'a.the use?
An aged woman recently called at th
Rockefeller home and asked for 1700,000.
Unfortunately the gentleman of the housa
was away and she did not get It
General James B. Weaver of Iowa, once
presidential candidate of the greenbackera
and twice of the populists, has turned di
vine healer. He Is now In his 77th year.
A Chicago official who Is neither a hu
morist tior a fame seeker, wants his sal
ary reduced 10 per cent. Just as dime mu
seums go out of favor material for exhibits
In the opinion of the Springfield Repub
lican Dr. Cook Is the champion guesser of
the age. In sporting circles the New York
Times Is the favorite fur the guessing
Like aome other great fortunes, the late
King lipoid's has shrunk amazingly on
examination. The "old reprobate" died
worth less than 110,000.000. No one can say,
however, how much he had spent or given
away. He was certainly a money-getter.
To keep warm and healthy Peary may be
compelled to spend his winters In the Arc
tic After returning several years ago ho
was laid up with a severe cold, something
he had never had In the north, and now he
goes down to Maryland and has his earn
Prof. George Severance of the agricul
tural department of the Washington Stute 1
oollr-ge, drawing a salary of $2,000 a year,
has resigned to take charge of three farms
Just beyond the boundary line In Canada,
with a salary of $3,000 a year and ull his
expenses paid, and Is also to have an inter
est In the profits. An automobile Is to be
provided for his use in running around his
work on the farms.
Mrs. Gabbel Wlmt do you think, George? )
When the doctor called the other day he..-.
asked me to put out my tionguu, aud when
1 did so he quite hurt me. lie
Mr. Gabbel (interposing) Did he step on
it? Chicago Examiner.
Mr. Pubbs (with newspaper) It tells here,
my dear, how a progressive New York
woman makes her social calls by telephone.
Mrs. Dubbs-Progressive. Huh! Shea
probably like me not a decent thing to
wear. Hoston Transcript. .
"Man's Inhumanity to man," chuckled the
backer of the winning pugilist who had
pounded the other chap to Jelly, "makes
countless thousands cheerfully pny thulr
good money to see It working." Washing
"Is Jlmson lazy?"
"Lazy? Well, tnere are jusi two joos n
COUIU 1111. w
"What are they?" ,
"Raking leaves In winter and shoveling
snow In summer." Cleveland Plain Dealer. ,
"I'll be ready in a minute," she said to
her husband. ,, ,
vn.. n.1i,'t Vinrrv nnu, ' he railed UD
nn,a'i.iir "i rinri that I shall have v
to shave again. "'Detroit Free Press. '
Patience They say she got all her furni
ture on the Installment plan?
Patrice She did. She has had four hus
bands, and Bhe got a littlo furniture with
each one. Yonkers StatesnMn.
Mrs. Frost-Who was It that said: "Peace,
Frost Some one whose telephone was out
of order. Life.
"You brainless cad!" exclaimed the man
with the lofty dome of thought.
retorted the man with the pale.
scholarly cast of countenance, regarding;
him with Immeasurable scorn; "you colossal
Ignoramus, If 1 am 'brainless,' where do my
sensory nerves register their Impressions?"
"Exclusively in your spinal cord!" waa
the crushing rejoinder. Chicago Tribune.
JIM A tJONGRESSMAN.' '
Edgar A. Guest In Detroit Free Press.
When Jim whs 'lected Congressman four
years ago, 1 vowed
My cup o' Joy was brlmmln' full, an" I wu
"My Jlmil make hla mark," I said, the
world will know his name.
He'll rise above th' common run, an win
His voice will rlrg throughout th' land, his
An" then I sut f wait fur him t' catch the
I bragged about my Jim a lot, my Jim In
"He'll show 'em how." I told my friends,
"this country should be run;
Jes' wait until he makes a -speech, an
then you'll all admit
That when It comes to wisdom, my boy
Jim Is full of It."
An' so wo waited. Weeks arf weeks an'
months an' months wont by,
An' Jim down there a-tryln' hard t' catch
the speaker's eye.
Th neighbors took f Jokin' me, if I went
They'd stop me on th' street ' a.n' say;
"When's Jim a-goln' f talk?''
Until at last I wrote f Jim, an' aald: "My
hoy, It's time
You made that maiden speech o' yours, If
you are goln' t' climb;-'
You can't fool your constituents; It ain't
no use to try."
An' Jim wrote back: "I'm waitln' still t'
catch th' Speaker's eye."
Each summer Jim come home t' us, he give
some speeches here
That brought th' house down ev'ry time,
an' made th" people cheer,
An' every time he went away we'd lt an".
n' led )
watt an' wait.
T' hear that Jim had had th' floor an'
some blif debate:
But not a word has come from him,
now when I pass by, J
Folks twit me. askin' If my Jim has caugifl
th' Speaker's eye.
Jim's bad: In Washington again. In con
gress makln' laws.
Plumb sure that this term he will get
chance t' plead his cause;
He's got on Borne commltees, an' somo big
men know he's there,
Th" New York papers quoted him about
some trust affair;
An' Ma an' I are prayln' now that we
won't have t' die
Afore Jim's reckoned big enough t get tht
L I Vy4 III J 1 I
DUooiaJ I V "V -f Z- V . S f
Powered by Open ONI