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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 3, 1910)
THE REE: OMAHA, MONDAY, JANUARY 3, 1910.
The Omaha1 Daily Bee.
FOUNDED BY EDWARD ROSttWATER.
VICTOR ROSE WATER, EDITOR.
Entered at Omibl postoffioe as second
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
Pally Bee (Including Sunday), per week 15c
l'alljr Bra (without Sunday), per week 10c
Dally Bee (without Sunday), ona year 14.00
Dally Ilea and Hunday. ona year..' (00
DELIVERED BY CARRIER.
Evening Bea (without Sunday), per week So
Evening Bea (with Hunday), per week 10c
Hunday Ite, ona year I-
Saturday Bee, ona year 1 M
Address all complaints of Irregularltlee In
delivery to City Circulation Department.
Omaha The Bea Building.
South Omaha Twenty-fourth and N.
Council Bluffs-IS Scott Street.
Lincoln 618 Little Building. --
Chicago 164)1 Marquette Building.
New York Honmi 1101-1102 No. 34 Weat
Washington 725 Fourteenth Street, N W,
Communications relating to newa and ed
itorial matter ahould be addressed: Omaha
Bee, Editorial Department. ,
Remit by draft, express or postal order
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps received In payment of
mall accounta. Personal checks, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not accepted.
- STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska. Douglaa County, as.:
George B. Tzachuek, treasurer of The
Bee publishing Company, being duly
aworn, says that the actual number of full
and complete copies of The Dally, Morn
ing, Evening nnd Hunday Bee printed dur
ing the month of December, 1909, waa as
1 41,630 17
3 41,680 1
4 41,70 BO
6 48,340 81
7 41,070 83
S , 43,660 84
10 43,660 36
11 ' 43,860 87
18 41,850 38
13 44,860 88..
14 - 43,470 30
16 43,600 31
Total .' 1,333,810
Returned copies , 10,130
Net Total.. 1,318,380
Dally Average 43,334
UitiUKUM IS. TiVSUHUUK, Treaaurer.
Subscribed In my presence and aworn to
belor ma tola Slat oay or December, 10.
W. P. WALKER,
SaasorUbers leaving; the city tem
porarily ahould have The Bee
nailed ta them. Address will be
eaaagjad aa eftea mm reqaeated.
The new year started eff shockingly
The anti-pass law doesn't seem to
work very well in Minnesota.
' Wall street seems unable to clear up
the drift of the Rock Island flurry.
. i ,, , , .
Tfjston Is planning for a corn exposi
tion next fall. Better come to Omaha's
If the price or rubber keeps on
stretching, something is liable to snap.
Some of the big cities' census guesses
are likely to blimp the bumps when the
returns come In.
Too earnest devotion to the dollar
mark has left the mark on the face
ftnd frame of the pursuer.
The principle of "Look up, not
down," will be unanimous as soon as
Halley's comet Is sighted.
Gayuor's policy of choosing his of
ficeholders by fitness Is causing Indi
cations of fits in the wigwam.
Omaha has much to be thankful for
and little to regret In the review of
1909. Now all together for 1910!
The ballet dancers of the Parisian
royal -opera won their strike. The man
ager could not. withstand their kicks.
All of the Suppressed high Jinks of
the Hlbky Dink ball appears to have
been let loose in Chicago on New
Year's eve. t
Estrada's- pledge for the disarms
tiient of Nicaragua does not disarm the
world of the suspicion that he means
to be its president,'
The shipload of sugar that sunk on
Hearing New York must have been dls
couraged by the wireless news from
the customs house.
A crying baby Is sometimes an ad
vantage, as tlys Omaha man whose life
and property was saved through the
baby's alarm can testify.
Now that the Woodmen of the World
building has finally alighted, the real
estate deals that were dependent on Its
erection may be closed up or declared
When the National Anti-Trust
league meets the National Anti-Boy
cott association Oompers and his
friends can stand aside and watch the
The great concrete road which Gal
veston Is about to build to the main
land will take Its place among the
world's wonders as the real giant's
Benator Lodge denies that he will
accept a post abroad. No lodge In the
wilderness for him, when he can be
both fellow and spokesman for the
Hub at home. . '
The location of sky-scrapera for
Omaha Is sufficiently distributed to
avoid the harge of either congestion
or collusion. The new business dis
trict appears to Include a large portion
of the old."
While wo all are In earnest about
conservation, there can be such a thing
as too much conversation about It
What is needed Is some practical legla
latlon, and congresa cannot too soon
enact It- The fate of our resources
must not be Imperilled by the desire
for self-exploitation la debat. ,
Now for Bal Work.
Reports from the various centers of
population Indicate that the holidays
hare been enjoyed with especial relish
by a nation hopeful under the anima
tion of a full resumption of business
and every Indication of uninterrupted
prosperity. Much of this public con
fidence has been based on the tinder
lying faith In the administration at
Washington, some of whose policies,
definitely announced, were given prac
tical headway In the opening days of
the session of congress.
And now the real work of the ses
sion begins, work which the. people ex
pect the national legislature to ex
pedite in keeping faith with the citi
zens. Economic financiering of the
routine of government is to be accom
plished, and in addition much new
legislation is to be enacted with reme
dial Intent toward regulating existing
evils and toward creating new chan
nels for good through which the bust-
ess of the country may be intelli
gently and satisfactorily guided.
Mr. Taft already has pointed out to
congress Us public duty in the matter
of some of the vital problems of the
day, and with the reassembling of the
body he will make additional sugges
tions. It la to be remembered that
the counsel coming from the White
House Is the utterance of the presi
dent of the whole American people,
elected by their votes to secure the
fruits of the very policies now enun
ciated by the administration. And In
rendering into the law of the land the
voice of the people, the nation expects
every congressman to do his duty.
Snow on the Sidewalk.
The snow, like the rain, "falleth on
the Just and on the unjust," and the
busy man's sidewalk is Just as deeply
covered as that of his neighbor who
has more time to devote to the manip
ulation of the harmless, but necessary,
snow shovel. In a large' community
blessed with a democratic administra
tion, such as Omaha, It behooves the
citizen, no matter what his standing,
to take cognizance of the fact that the
public comfort and convenience, not to
speak of the police regulations, require
that the snow be removed from the
It Is unfortunate, perhaps, that the
heavy snow fall of December came at
a time when no election was pending
in Omaha, and consequently the street
cleaning department was not in a state
of pernicious activity. At any rate, a
number of otherwise excellent citizens
and prosperous business men neglected
to remove, or cause to be removed, the
accumulation of snow from the walks
In front of their premises, and thereby
laid themselves'Ilable in some degree
under the city ordinances In such case
made and provided. This brought
several of them into unpleasant noto
riety as tne result or a suaaen aeier
minatlon to enforce' the law. ,' Whll
It Is not a pleasant duty to record
these facts, and the average neWspapel
stands in this regard "Like angels fo(
a good man's sin. weep to record an
blush to give it in," yet the fact had t
be chronicled as part of the day's do
lngs. The lesson is plain and th
moral is obvious The next time the
snow falls on your sidewalk either get
yourself or the hired man busy with
the snow shovel.
Message to All the World.
The strides taken by the students'
missionary movement, as indicated In
the annual report, must be gratifying
to all progressive interests as well as
to those which are Strictly religious,
for iris apparent that these crusading
volunteers are carrying to all the world
a message of civilization. Moral awak
ening and mental enlightenment are
twin sisters, and lnthelr spread of the
gospel to the dark places of the earth
the American emissaries are allies of
the greatest of uplifting forces.
The program indicated for the com
lng year shows the vast scope of the
movement, covering as It does such
countries as Turkey, Russia, Japan,
India, Africa and the turbulent sec
tions of Latin America, whre the edu
eating force of the Christian students
Is bound to be an influence for all
right living and good government.
Even the worldly affairs of the work-a-day
life are advanced by this move
ment, for it is well known that trade
follows the missionary, so that for
practical as well as for ethical reasons
the students will doubtless find even
larger support in the future. Theirs
1b one ef several unselfish institutions
of the sort that are making the Araer
lean known to the uttermost parts of
the globe as a disciple of light and
hope and happiness.
Another Myth Exploded.
So firmly fixed In the popular mind
has been the idea that Mars Is a planet
of marvelous canals, that the an
nouncement from London absolutely
destroying the canal theory will come
as a shock. The latest telescopic pho
tographs were accepted by the dlstln
gulBhed scientists gathered at the con
ference of the British Astronomical as
sociation as conclusive proof than, what
had hitherto been deemed to be canals
were merely an effect upon the eye of
collections of dark spots whose cause
was undetermined, but which were
certainly not due to canals. Indeed,
it was announced on the authority cf
Superintendent Maunder of the solar
department of the royal observatory at
Greenwich, that no on ever had seen
a single canal on Mars, and that there
never had been any real ground for
supposing that th markings on the
planet supplied any evidence of arti
ficial action. It was agreed that It
were better for sclenc that the canal
theory be abandoned altogether,
fiction writers and wild theorists
have thus removed from their field the
basis of much fruitful imaginings of
recent years. It was the canal theory
that gave rise to the most substantial
faith that Mars was Inhabited by. a
race more highly cultivated than oar
own. With the London explosion crum
bles the whole structure of Martian
population, and the human family Is
left without a vestige of this carefully
constructed planetary fabric. But, after
all, It is something to have built a
telescope powerful enough to dispel so
wondrous an Illusion, and man can
afford to lose the shadowy sentiment
of his Martian myth in the contempla
tion of the actual achievements of old
earth's real people.
A School Girl on Education.
Washington Irving, one of the mas
ters of literary style, might well be
proud of the essay written by a girl
student in the New York high school
bearing' his illustrious name. The es
say is a logical and edifying answer to
the question, "What do the high
schools do for a girl?" and Is being
circulated among students of the ele
mentary schools with a view to open
ing general Interest In advanced edu
cation, for In New York, as in most
cities, the tendency of the majority of
students is to go no higher than the
grammar grades. ,
From the point of view of the girl
herself the value of the high Bchool
training is interesting as confirming
the faith of the parent. "High
schools," says this youthful essayist,
'prepare the girl for the highest hap
piness and the greatest service. They
give her the fruit of the training
through which her teachers have so
earnestly led her up to her entrance to
the high school. They give her the
cultivation and the refinement of the
well-bred woman. They fit her, If
necessity should come, to avoid de
pendence upon her relatives and to
ypport herself in a self-respecting
way. A hign scnooi education is now
Indispensable to the American woman.
It puts her at ease In any society; it
advances her in business success far
beyond the graduate of the business
school which omits everything but the
bread-and-butter studies. Every day In
the high school pays not only bet
ter In, better wages, but In the
satisfaction of the higher life. Go
for a term, or a year; each day
is an advantage to you. Go the
full course if possible. Business
houses want educated girls, Intelligent
girls; they want high school girls.
Don't let anyone fool you with a short
cut proposition that will fit you for a
third-rate place from which you never
Frequently youth will accept sug
gestions from its own contemporaries
rather than from Its elders, and It is
probable that this earnest appeal of a
high stfhool girl'ln the midst of ber
hope, her faith and her work will have
an Influence toward swelling the am
bitions Of those who ordinarily would
stbp .at the high school threshold. If
It persuade only one, It will have ful-
nilied Its destiny, and the chances are
that It will persuade many.
The 'vicissitudes of the American
family are such that the daughter
ought to be trained to be self-reliant;
she should be no clinging vine that
withers at the first blast of adversity,
but instead a. creature of poise and en
durance, and she ought to be able to
make her own living should clrcum
stances compel. The Washington Irv
Ine high school girl Is right: The
American high school Is the best all
around training field Tor the battle of
life, for the gentler as well as for the
A Literary Debt.
Not only do we owe a literary debt
to England, but English literature In
Its turn owes a debt to those far-seeing
and generous publishers who, with
wise expenditure of their fortunes, en
dowed the authors struggling toward
fame, solving their financial problems
and affording them ease and quiet tor
the cultivation of their best lnsplra-
tlons. One such was George Smith, a
scholar of plain name, but the finest
instincts and attainments. He It was
who discovered and gave to th world
the immortal Thackeray. It Is now
fifty years since Mr. Smith established
his Cornhlll Magazine and put Thack
eray at the head of It, paying, him
$1,750 a month for the serial rights to
his novels, and also $10,000 a year as
editor, though Mr. Smith, himself,
took the routine burden off the au
thor's shoulders. In the early vol
umes of the Cornhlll not only Thack
eray's books first ran their course, but
the magazine also gave to the world
George Eliot's "Romola," Wllkle Col
lin's "Armadale," and Borne of An
thony Trollope's workB. Other dis
tinguished names of Its bygone con
tributors were Tennyson, Darwin, Rus
kln, Tom Hood, George Macdonald,
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Matthew
Arnold, O. H. Lewes, G. P. R. James
and Robert Louis Stevenson.
It is a satisfaction to witness the
stalwart, untainted survival of a me
dium which ha given to the world so
much that Is Immortal In literature,
and the Jubilee Issue of th Cornhlll,
now at- band, is a living evidence of
high endeavor and attainment carried
throughout half a century with no de
viation from its original standard. The
golden age of the magaalne finds its
Ideals the same today as ever, and to it
the present generation Is Indebted for
th novels of Mrs. Humphry Ward,
th essays and stories of the brilliant
Benson brothers, such gems of modern
writing as Yoxall's "Wander Years."
and many other productions among the
current best. Nothing to excel It, from
a literary standard, has appeared in
Europe or America since tha dayB when
Thackeray first marked Its proofshects,
and It is a pleasure for the wonderland
of cornfields to take off its hat and
send Its -wireless, but none the less cor
dial, greetings across th ocean to the
wonderland of the Cornhlll In acknowl
edgment of a literary debt that shall
extend through generations to come.
While the government Is In the mood
for economizing it might give some
attention to the revision of its customs
service by eliminating the ports which
produce no revenue from foreign com
merce. There are forty ports whose
collections do not equal the expense of
maintenance, as, : for Instance, Torts
mouth. N. H where $3,673 is ex
pended to collect $222, and Annapolis,
Md., where $3.09 Is the year's revenue
from a $956 office. The government
spends $4,221 at Egg Harbor, N. J.,
to take In $167, and In twenty or more
other places a similar annual discrep
ancy Is noted. It would seem to be
good business to. abolish the expensive
offices at ports of such trivial income.
Why should the government maintain
a collectorshlp that does not collect? v
Mayor Dahlman is about to give the
city council the benefit of his views of
certain feature of municipal house
keeping. The outline of his Ideas so
far presented Indicates a tendency to
ward economic and efficient adminis
tration. If the mayor Is sincere in his
purpose and the city council will act
with him great benefit to the city will
ensue. The adaptation or business
methods to public service is always In
The nomination of United States
senators by direct primary vote in Ne
braska may have to run. the gauntlet
of the courts. In the meantime the
citizens can well afford to continue, a
practice that has been permitted for
many years of recommending to the
legislature the candidates preferred,
and the legislature can well afford to
heed the recommendation made by the
Pure air, pure food and pure
thought is the rule of life advocated
by Mr. Wu In parting from Americans.
While fidelity to the advice may not
hold us al here for the full term of
fifty years at the end of which Mr.
Wu promises to visit us, still It Isn't a
bad suggestion to follow on its merits,
coming though It does to a Christian
people from a so-called heathen.
While "Dixie"' has been announced
as the preference in a voting contest
for the favorite national air, "Yankee
Doodle" may be expected to keep It up.
Born that Way.
New York Evening Post.
Sugared phrases, ' honeyed words, gum-
dropped evidence, and the Havemeyer
trust seem to Indicate that there la a con
genital moral weakness bound up with the
for. the JT rouble Elsewhere.
In his ittnutrjiirinto food prices Secretary
Wilson of the Department of Agriculture
will f!ndV,thAUth farmers are getting no
more than jthey jought to for their produce,
no matterwhaf. may happen to it after it
ia out ojr,,,ttelr hands.
A Lioaa to the World.
The death of Frederic Remington Is a
loss to the art of the whole world. He
oreated a new school and did more than
any other artist to depict the strenuous
lite of the frontier during the conquering
of the west. His Indians, soldiers, cow
boys and horses and game animals are the
unmistakable work of the man who knows.
Usefulness of m Preeedeat.
A former Japanese minister, Count Hay
ashl, advises the Incorporation of Korea
after the example of the annexation of
Hawaii by the United States. All things
considered, this was by no means a credit
able act of statesmanship in view of the
method of lta Accomplishment. But It can
hardly be denied that It affords a pre
cedent for Japan In tbe Korean case.
Governmemand Railroad Strikes.
, Springfield Republican.
It has before been suggested that the
government be empowered by law to put
under a receivership railroads whose op
eration has become blocked by strikes.
Now Representative Stenerson of Minne
sota offers a bill to this effect and finds
the president disposed to give it serious
consideration. Such a propoaal implies that
the government as an operator of rail
roads ia more competent to deal with
strikes or troubles with employes than
Ufnanagers under private ownership and
( . I .. . .1 .. I - ,. t mlcV.,
often prefer to ceal with the government
as employer, the proposed law would ad
mit of many Btarts and more or less per
manent steps In the direction of govern
ment operation of the roads. It la a
measure not likely to be welcomed by the
companies. , '
Our Birthday Book
'January 3, 1810.
Rlchaid Henry Dana, the well known,
aithor and reformer, was born In Cam
bridge, Mass., January S, 1S61. He is to
day one of the leading citizens of Boston.
Williams J. Conner, the big democratic
boss of New York state, popularly known
as "FIngy" has a birthday today. He
was born in Buffalo In and started
out as a dock-worker and roustabout.
Congressman James A. Tawney is Just
56 years old. He la the same "Jim"
Tawney about whom so much fuss is being
made because he la the only member of
the Minnesota delegation In congress who
voted for the tariff bill. He waa born
in Gettysburg, Pa.
Former Governor . Franklin Murphy of
New Jersey started life January t, IMC.
He la a native Jerseyman, and la New
Jersey's mea.ber of the republican national
Rex H. Morehouse Is president of the
R II. Morehouse company and la one of
Omaha's popular young business men. He
waa born January t, 1881, at Missouri
Valley, and waa educated at Culver Mili
tary academy and Andover academy.
E. Sellgaohn ia 71 years old today. He
ia In business here in Omaha as a whole
sale liquor dealer under the name of
Wolateln tt Co., the name taken from his
birthplace, since he was born In Wolstein,
Germany, January I, 1843. Mr. Sellgsohn
has been In this country twenty-three
Bryan Pipe Dream
Tbe "Ms" and Anda" Lining the
Highway that Folnt to Demo
cratic Control . ot Congress.
Brooklyn Eagle dem ).
A contribution sent by Mr. Bryan to th
National Monthly for January I- likely
to attract the atntlon of those who think
that at the congressional elections to bo
held next year control of the house of rep
resentative will be taken from the repub
licans. What such a change would sig
nify Is, of course, obvious. It would mean
that the country expected downward re
vision, and that it Is disappointed, not to
say disgusted, with the schedules. Nor
has Mr. Bryan any doubt that such a re
buke would be administered "but for the
unfortunate division that manifested Itself
in our party." That, In his Judgment, took
away half the chance of victory.
However, the other half remains.- And
there Is but one way to take advantage of
It.' We are told that the party must stand
unitedly against every proposed Increase
and in favor of every proposed- dncrtasa.
It must understand that democratic pro
tection Is not a bit superior to republican
protection; also that protection, whether
democratic or republican. Invariably In
vites bargaining, trading and corruption.
Furthermore. It must realize that a plat
form which la not binding is a fraud. Hav
ing thus, aa It were, cleared the way for
action, Mr. Bryan concludes;
"If we can secure a democratic congress
and pass a measure providing for sub
stantial reductions, we can enter the next
presidential campaign with confidence. If,
however, we secure a bare majority In
congress and then our party Is rent asun
der by a division on the tariff question,
as the republican party was divided over
the Aldrich bill, our prospects of success
in 1312 will be greatly reduced."
It In not often that the Eagle finds Itself
in accord with, any program outlined at
Lincoln. Indeed, It can recall no occasion
when that has happened, but this time Mr.
Bryan has a true bill. According to a
careful calculation made by the Review
of Reviews, 66 per cent of the Imports
remain subject to the old rates, 15 per
rent are subject to higher duties, and 0
per cent to lower charges. While, how
ever, the percentage of Increase is 31, that
of decrease Is but 23, so that, taken as a
whole, there has bgen a raise of rates.
This is more than sufficient Justification
for the contention that the consumer waa
betrayed. To that extent Mr. Bryan Is on
solid ground. He Is an exponent of demo
cratic doctrine when he takes up the con
sumer's cause, which means that he has
anything but an imaginary grievance
against senators and representatives who
fell out of democratic line on roll call. He
Is right in principle when he demanda ,that
revision should have the greatest good for
tbe greatest number for Its objective point,
but what about practice? It makes a
mockery of principle and scoffs at plat
forms. When the editor and proprietor of the
Commoner says that if his party secure
a democratic congress and pass a meas
ure providing for substantial reduction It
can enter the next president campaign with
confidence, he formulates a thought that is
fathered by a wish. But, he admits that
there is only half a chance, and he knows
that there la none at all. For a majority
in the congress to be elected next year
la beyond the reach of his party. Many
senators will have to go and come before
that statement must be modified.
This ia not the worst of it. The president
who occupies tha White House is a re
publican. He has the power of veto and
he has Indorsed legislation of the Payne
Aldrlch brand. Moreover, It Is a waste
of tlmo and energy to Urge that congress
men- who will Ignore local Interests shall
bes elected. Many representatives will re
turn to congress for the very reason that
they voted with tbe majority. In other
words, they will have their seats because
they did that for doing which Mr. Bryan
thinks they should be left at home.
So, however commendable part of the
Nebraskan's program may be said to be,
it prescribes impossible conditions. Instead
of being half optimistic It should be wholly
pessimistic." And it overlooks altogether
the introduction of a new and consequential
factor. Tariff rates have been referred to
experts who are looking for enlightenment.
It will take them about two years to get
It, and that Will be soon enough. They
cannot do much worse than congress, and
they may recommend better. As for the
Interval, what can't be cured, must be
AN IOWA ANNIVERSARY.
Sixty-Three Years Youngr and Quite
Pes Moines Capital.
Iowa entered upon the sixty-fourth year
of its existence as a state last week. When
President Jamea K. Polk signed the act
whereby Iowa was formally admitted to
the union of states, the man who la now
three score and ten was entering upon his
7th year. At that time Iowa had a pop
ulation of less than 300,000.
There were probably a few who looked
out over the broad expanse of traokless
prairie and ruefully shook their heads. The
smoke of the Indian wigwam here and
the smoke of the settler's cabin there both
ascended to the sky, telling a tale of
loneliness and isolation which could hardly
be uttered in words. When the night
shades fell the roar of the wild beast waa
the only Bound which broke the stillness.
Only those who have lived a long life
can appreciate the wonderful transforma
tion which haa here taken place. Today
Iowa Is the leading agricultural state In
the union. The claim of leadership is ofteu
put forth when only a comparative leader
ship can be proven. Iowa'a pre-eminence
is a matter of authoritative facta and. fig
ures which make it stand out from and
above all other states.
, On New Year'a day the American Agri
culturist will make a showing of the farm
wealth of the United States. In the pros
pectus which Is before us is a map of
the United States giving the number of
farms in each state and the total vaiu-e
ct the farm products. This map shows
tha Iowa has 241,000 farms and that the
total value of its farm producta for the
year 1S0 la (L'1,000,000. It W true that
Texas has 425,000 farms and farm products
valued at $ta,000,Ouo, but Texas Is a small
continent in size and it would be unrea
sonable to make discriminating compari
sons with that state.
Illinois falls behind Iowa, lta 200,000 farms
producing a product value of .rH7. 000,000.
Ohio has product values of $488,000,000, and
New York, lung far-famed for Its agricul
tural superiority, reaches 1431.000,0(0.
It Is no wonder that $100 or more pr
acre is beginning to be the ruling price
for Iowa farms. The conviction Is deepen
ing that the soil la worth .he money. With
the stand which Iowa occupies today there
Is no limit that ran be placed upon ita
Hot Pare for tae Year.
Let 1910 be forewarned that it ia going to
have a pretty atiff time of It keeping up
to the pace set by Its nearest predecessor.
CHRISTMAS STORM ON COAST.
Pea Pletara of Orras Farr la New
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
Ft w of us who dwell In the safety of
the Inland resllxe the terrors of an angry
flood tide; a relentless dull gray mass of
'dithering seas creeping In and In and de
manding Ita toll of life and property. The
nien who go down to the deep In ships,
and the women who watch anxiously on
the headlands for their home-coming, know
that the cycle of the months brings In four
great tides. One usually comes In the late
si mmer. It Is expectantly awaited by those
In the hammocks of the summer cottages
all up and don the grim New England
const, for it la picturesque. Impressive
and generally rather harmless. Rut the
winter coming cf the hungry sea Is a far
different thing; then the beaches and
houses on the overhanging cliffs arc empty
of the summer people, Then the sea comes
In to hold converse with Us children, the
men and women who gain their living from
Its ovt-rchamiln.f bosom, the fisher people
and the skippers, the gatherers of moss
and the hardy farmers on the edges of
the drear salt marshes.
Ever the sea Is ugly and desperate at
this time, but It has been years since it
swept In so relentlessly as on Sunday.
Twice before In the memory of living men
has It demanded such tribute. The first
time was In "SPl. when Minors light, the
binding link between shore and deep, was
twisted from its ledge and hurled Into the
crashing seas with its crew. Then the tide
swept In over fifteen feet and four inches
In height. The second time was In lxwt.
That tide and storm will always bo known
as 'the storm In which the Portland was
lost." It was a wicked thing, a gale and
sea which drove the coastwise ships like
feathers before It and which wrought
havoc on the beaches along the coast. And
now comes tha third, a third which will
probably go down In history as the Christ
mas tide . of 1M9. Even ' now it ia too
early to give any estimate of the loss of
life along the coast. Too many places are
still cut off because of damaged wires; too
many anxious women-are still looking Into
the gray offing for the homeward-bound
sails. Around Boston alone the property
damage la estimated at around $5,000,000
and the tide came In over the beaches
from Bar Harbor to Newport. '
Chelaea probably waa the worst sufferer
because of the breaking of Its dike. Win
throp waa badly hurt by the rising flood,
Its lights were doused, its wires laid low,
and many of Its summer homes damaged.
Great sections of the bulkhead along the
state reservation at Nantucket were
waahed out and cottages and hotels in
Jured. The little summer colonies along the
coast from Boston to Cape Cod suffered
heavily, for brake waters were undermined
and the seas ate their ways under cot
tages and sucked out the little struggling
lawns. The towns along the great hooked
cape were flooded in many instances and
people went In boats to places generally
visited safely without rubbers. Some of
the streets In Provlncetown were under
water, and It was a daring skipper who
forced his ship into the teeth of the gale
which howled off the yellow headlands
that mark the seaward dangers of the cape.
Even fashionable Newport suffered. The
storied Ocean drive was awash and badly
damaged, a thing almost Incredible. From
out In the deep come stories of equal slse.
The gale blew seventy miles an hour at
Block Island and many fisher shacks now
strew the' beach aa wreckage. The Nan
tucket lightship weathered the storm and
tide, but It waa bad there, very bad.
And the storm Itself was a wonderful
thing to see, a thing which brought the
fear of God into the heart of man and
made him acknowledge that the strength
of nature la Irresistible. Standing on ' a
headland on the south shore, the wind
drove the biting, snow into your face so
that the glittering flakes cut like knives.
Through the kjlndlng gusts glimpses of the
dull gray aea could be had beyond the
trembling rocks, while, with the regularity
of minute guns, the combers, tossing their
crests twenty feet above the waving kelp,
crashed in on the coast and sent their
scud swirling high into the air, to be
frozen and whirled away with the drifting
snow. Then, aa the storm above subsided
the storm in the sea rose greater In Its
might, the size of the breakers increased
as they threw off the wight of the storm
above, and tbe sea came racing In to claim
its toll and to bring on its angiy crest its
wreckage of human flotsam.
ON THE TRAIL, t)F THE DEFICIT.
Plans for Placing; Postal Service on
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
PoBtmasrer General Hitchcock In his an
nual report made public this morning
makes one suggestion, which ia novel
as - coming frqm an executive offi
cial of the government. ' He thinks
that If the public everywhere would iend
Its assistance some part of the great an
nual deficit in that department might be
avoided. If the patrons of the 00,000 offices
scattered throughout the nation would each
do his share In cutting down the cost of the
service the aggregate saving would be
astounding. There are too many "dummy
directors" in this government corporation.
Another suggestion of the postmaster
general Is worth notice. He would organize
the thousands of locul offices in districts
for the, butter direction of the business.
For Instance a city postmaster might be
given authority over the postmasters in the
towns and smaller oities of the vicinity.
They would report and get authority from
him; he would be responsible to the cen
tral oft Ices at Washington.
Mr. Hitchcock urges that residents In free
delivery cities provide themselves more
generally with mail boxes to relieve car
riers of the necessity of ringing door bells
and waiting for tbem to be answered. This
might well be made a subject for legisla
tion. Hundreds of thousands of dollars
would be the resultant saving.
The complaint made by the president that
second class mall matter ia causing some
$M, 000,010 loss each year Is repeated In this
report and several suggestions made to ef
fect a saving. Publications should be
charged a higher rate of postage, both
The Taft spirit of economy has
thoroughly pervaded the Postofflce de
partment, where, perhaps it is needed
most. The public should co-operate to give
effect to some of the suggested reforms.
Pensions on a Waare Baala.
The Rock Island road, In the establish
ment of its old age pension system, pro
poses to place Its pensions strictly on a
wago basts. There will be no contribution
from the employes' wages, nor will the
management set aside a pension fund to
provide an income for distribution. Pen
sion payments will be provided from the
railroad treasury aa they become due and
will be charged to operating expenses each
month, Jurt as the regular payroll la. The
pension system Is not to be considered a
benevolence. It ia recognized as a proper
charge on the earnings of the railroads
and Is an acknowledgment of the theory
that an industry must care for ita own.
They tame Across,
There waa an Increase of Ml, 800,502 In the
customs receipt of the port of New York
this year, affording further evidence of
how Collector leb haa made the people
who come acrosa come across-
Senator Depew fem quite confident
that he has a stock of stories sufficient
to last through another term.
Chicago graftera have found a hole Into
which to crawl, the latest municipal scan
dul being In relation to the tunnel.
Codfish, too, la to rise In price. That
beef critter which played leap frog with
the moon set a most Infoctloua example.
"China for the Chlneae," Dr. Wu a.tys,
Is China's motto, and America Is to blam
for It. It la a poor boycott that doee not
work both ways. . i
A Georgia man is the father of twenty-
one children. Ilia second wife, now 28
years old, Is the mother of eleven children.
II alive. That man and hla wife would
never havo been lonely on a desrrtSsland.
Captain It. H. Kills, a plonei r of 1M9 and
at one time chief ot police, recently died
in San Francisco at tbe ago of SO years.
Captain Bills took an active part, in the
stirring events of the early and troublous
mining days, and then Joined the police
department as patrolman and advanced up
the line of promotion until he became
chief, the last head of the department to
bo elected by the peopl.
William B. Norrls, gneral foreman of
the Pennsylvania Railroad shops at Al
toona, Pa., does not agree to tha recent
order of the Delaware and Hudson Rail
road company that the Ideal man for work
weighs 160 pounds. The short, chunky
man, according to Mr. Norrls, has the
most endurance and he weighs from lt0
to ISO pounds. No expert comes forward
to account for the endurance ot tho 100-
Thoughts on the Hay and the Days
Our future is made by purpose and by
chance. Dally we pass into an undis
covered country. Dally we' try in vain to
guess what that undiscovered country
holds; what of allurement, what of dread.
It Is only In fable that men or witches
look Into the soeds of time, and say which
grain will grow; or read the book of fate.
and see the continent melt Into the sea.
Shakespeare never wearied of the subject
thn fascination of the unknown, and how
unknown Indeed it is. So much does the
unexpected weigh, that a wise man can
seo In definite prophecy, but little further
than a fool. The advantage of wisdom Is
not in forecast, but living wisely now
prepares for living wisely to the end:
"Her ways are ways of pleasantness,
and all her paths are peace."
We can not penetrate the unseen, but we
can greet it with a cheer. Better than that,
we can welcome it with readiness and
understanding. There Is enough, at least,
for Inspiration, In the saying of old Sam
Johnson, that the future Is purchased by
the- present. It is true sufficiently to make
effort, hope, and faith the better course.
We know the world, with all Its woe, grows
happier; with all ita ignorance, more en
lightened; with all its error, more virtuous
and Just; and In this painful, slow and
steady progress we know that eaoh of
us can help. One contributes policy. In
vention, knowledge; another, barred these
great factors, can bring at least fortitude,
Joy or abnegation. To none is denied.
"That best portion of a good man's life.
His little, nameless, unremembored acts
Of kindness and of love."
11 , I
THO WATER POWER TRUST.
Opposition of Proinotera to Plana of
Opposition to the president's plan for
the control of water-power rights on, fed
eral lands will do more to convinoe the
people that there Is an aotual or pros
pective water-power trust 'than any asser
tion or evidence that has been made pub
lic. The bill to be presented by Senator
Beverldge, which has the approval of the
president, la outlined as providing that title
to these sites shall remain in the United
States government, but that easements for
power privileges may be granted for a
term of years, sufficiently long to prove
attractive to' investment capital, and yet
limited to avoid perpetuity and to enable
the United States to retain a Controlling
power for the purpose of preventing
monopoly. In substance, the bill appears
to bo in line with the suggestions made
by Secretary Balllnger In his report, and
unless It has departed radically from those
linea deserves to be approved by oongress
and to be copied by the legislatures of the
several states to apply to their Jurisdic
tions. PASSING PLEASANTRIES.
"Dora, the mere thought of you seta hit
heart to throblng tumultuoualy!"
U. ucorlrey, i have told you a hundred
times that you smoke too much!" Chlcasn
"What Is the motto of your . nation T"
asked the newcomer.
" 'Ktep lively, please," "' answered .hla
American friend. Buffalo Express, n-.
"That chap used to be a champion light
weight." "What! A boxer?"
"No. A grocer." Judge.
TIM vtii r, ! ,u w,U-, la V. M.M
thing which a man does when he gets -or
learner in nis cap;
"He plumes himself on it" Baltimore
"What were you saying to. Miss Gabby?"
"Not a thing, dear."
"Don't be foolish. Why, you two were
talking together for nearly an hour."
"I know that." Cleveland Laador.
Mr. Bach I suppose, old man, you find
a great many surprises In married life, eh?
Mr. Youngliusbarid I should say so. Why,
only the other day I found out that my
wife Is fonder of fried onions than of Ice
cream. Boston Transcript.
Judge Do you swear to tell the truth,
the whole truth?
Fair Witness It will be Just perfectly
lovely If you really have the time to listen.
"Do you believe In table-tipping?"
queried the woman advocate of aplritual-
"Not me," replied the matter of faot man.
"I have found waiter tipping more satis
factory when I'm hungry,' Boston Herald.
"Why do people have silver weddings,
"Just to show to the world what their
powers ot endurance have been." Judge.
"Maria, for heaven's sake pleate let ma
get In a word edgewise!"
"Well, what do you want to say?"
"If Villi Inula, .... mn,. mill, .
and better milk I may as well buy a cow"
uw, jonn, you Know m&i s nut trying
to get a word in edgewise. You're trying
to lug it in by the horns." Chicago Trib
William D. Eddy In Atlantic Monthly.
Foolish Is he who, says that at his door
I knock but once, a furtive moment stay,
Fearing lest he shall hear, then hasta
Glad to escape him to return no mora.
Not so, 1 kuock and wait, and o'er ant
Come back to summon him. Day after
I come to call the Idler front his play,
Or wake the dreamer with my vain uproar.
Out of a thousand, haply, now and theiy'
One, if h hear again nnd yet again,
Will tardy rise and open languidly.
The rest, half puzzled, half annoyed, re.
To play or sltSp, nor seek nor wish ta
Who the untimely, clownish guest may
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