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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 26, 1909)
FETTERMAN MASSACRE DAK
Pica of the Overworked Phrases
Some Expressions Be; Consideration at Hands of Writers, Setting
Up that They Hare Been Pressed Into Usage Far Beyond Their
Capacity and Askinj Best They Have Earned by Long Serrice
Omaha Veteran of Indian War in
West Recalls Bloody Event
S. S. PETERS TELLS OF FIGHT
THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: DECEMBER 2t
tarty-third UititrrMrr of a Horrible
tj, n Taken an I alted Mate
Trnope hr leglaae t ne'er
"Villi the passing of the year and our
own approach to the Inevitable beyond. I ran
but fp that we. Um few smvivort of the
events of forty-three and forty-two years
ago, should be permitted to contribute the
story of our participation In great rvenu
of those clays rather thim to submit to the
Inaccuracy of modem historians and
romanticist, such a It C. T. Brady,
whose narratives are derived from the re
ports of Interested parties, relative to the
events of the Sioux Indian war of lsiu-.
In which Red Cluuil. the recently deceased
Sli.ux Indian chief, was o potent a factor."
said .S. S. Peters, an active participant In
all those event.s.
"1 have hitherto refrained from comment
1114 upon these nfTalrs oecau.se l Knew tnat ' without any chance to rest or to re
tlia Brady. Coolant, Bunt line and like nar- cuperate ourselves for tha terrible strug
railves w-e accent-.! as historical facta. . . of ..(.pre. We have worked faith
because there ar:i no one who had the ...i... ,.. Wi, ... nnr cnmnbiiniI
audacity to controvert them. I have, how
ever. bc-n surprised to find that my esti
mate of Red Cloud Is concurred. In by these
vt-isatlle historians. This estimate I gave
of him twenty-five yais ago.
What I wish now to eiahor.ua upon is
the Hlmax of Red Cloud s great career. I:
is an opportune moment to do so. In that
December 21. l'.. was the forty-third anni
versary of that tragic event. It appeala to
me with the keenest sorro'V and anguish,
because on that day t happened to be one
of the first, men thai. sa.v the mutilated
bodies of my brothers, comrades and friends
lying In a bloody group on the nuunacr
grcund that ended all for Colonel W. J.
Fe-tti-rmun and his eighty two comrades, the
bH,'t still ooslng from their ghastly
winiiida. their bodies still warm from the
life blcod that counted through their veins
bu an hour before.
There la so much to say and to tell of
tl'is affair, that I can but begin with the i
event Itself. I wwi still suffering from a
sever wound received at tha hand of Red
Cloud and liia party six montna before u
almost a day (July JO. IstSH), at Craay Wom
an' f'jrk of Powder river, the first of the
set engagements between Red Cloud and
tlu whites, and which affair the alleged
historians of that epoch dlamlsa with but
a line; but. in those days wounds did not
Story of the Nunacrt.
"But. to the story of the massacre of Fet
terman's command, on that fateful morn
ing of December 21, UM.
"From the moment of the establishment
of the post of Fort Phil Kearney, In July,
IWt, at the forka of the Big and Little
Plney creeks. In Wyoming, garrisoned by
five companies of the Eighteenth Infantry
and one of the Second cavalry, this com
mand of less than 300 men waa constantly
beset by Red Cloud and his banda of Brule
and Ogalalla Sioux, numbering mora than
"Fuel and building material were ob
tained under constant fire from tha In
dians from the foothills of the Big Horn
mountains. Wood train camps were estab
lished on the mountain ruad a few miles
from the Incompleted fort, which had to
he stockaded for protection from the In
dians. "Tli ai tacks on thr wood trains were
of Much frequent occurrence that but little
attention was peld to them except to bury
the dead and care for the weunded. This
was the constant story during the summer
and fall. I'p to this time about sixty men
of the command had sacrificed their lives
In the building of the fort. Ammunition
had ben reduced to less than twenty
rounds per man and no reinforcement! had
rrivad at tha tort. .
"About half a mile east of the fort, at
the top of a high hill, wa had established
a picket post that overlooked the country
to the west and south. This hill arose
abruptly from the Little Plney.
"On the morning of December il the
picket at Signal hill reported that the
wood train waa attacked as usual by In
dians, the train corraled and the escort
fighting. This waa about 11 o'clock and
the train waa moving toward tha timber.
iiuiuaL uuiiinumicijr a, iw inuiuns ap
peared on one or two of tha surrounding
heights, a party of fifteen or twenty of
them being near the Big Plney. west of
the fort, where tha Boseman trail crossed
in its ascent of tha Lodge Trail ridge.
Fmnw cara Men to Relief.
".V detail of elgtuy-ona men, with two
ciliiena, under command of Brevet Lieu
tenant Colonel W. J. Fetterman. at ouoa i
volunteered to go to the relief of the wood .how that the command was suddenly over-trin-
i whelmed, surrounded and cut off while In
Colonel Ketterman moved out rapidly to 1 r(ltreat. Not an ofrlcer or man survived'
1 he nht ..f Hi wood road, for the purpose few boille, WHr, found . tm no,.th ,,
f cutting- ufr the r-treat of the Indians i of thc lllvi(,e over whlc tlu. n)ad runa
Uien attavHiiitf the wood train. As he ad- Just beyond Lodge Trail Ridwe.
M.1M-.U across l mi tug fill-!' to Hie west.
4 fw InOiune appeared In lus front and on
Ins fhiiiliw. u:i. continued flittuist ahout
linn, beyond rife range, and t In 11 d'sap- 1
l.iared beyond I.'nl4. Trail ft:d;. When
Kutie inan ivn.i m; l.o.lge Trail Kitlge, til;;
picket :.lgnal.-l ihc fort that the Indiana!
'il p'trealvd from the wn.pil train, and
the ti-1,11 had I.T K 11 i:jii-.tl .m.l niuv.d on!
toivji 1 the Ihnuer. 1
"Thi; wood t:a;n in.ile the round ti.p. 1
and was not a-iin d:st'irbd thut day. '
"Al ahout fi.'.eeu minutes before U
o c;ok Culuiiel KiMitn-nittM' command had
-U'.bed III.' 1 !' j! or !..),!., Tr.nl KUlge. !
llhouf rcgurd, to orders, f ir reasons that
Hie silence of Colonel l 1 1 .M'nia 1 now pre-1
nn u from Hiving, ho with the com-1
mund. in iV-w mom nta d.s irueaivd, Imr-'
i:u iha.-id i h rid,;e. till moving w. t. j
! Iring siioi-tly t hen al it-r commenced, and1
incnaa.. .11 .v ,,,,. . ln about fifteen,
minutes and at n.i.n r 0 clock in., it as
a continuous .,,, iat,i,i (ir. 0f niuaketry. j
plmiiiy auniU. .it i,e fi t. As soun as I
tilt- tiring livcame. rapid I'ol.mcl H. B. Car
I'nguni ordered t'aotaina T. K. Ten Kyck.
witlt forty-three nie
being ail the men
atillahle lur duty in th r,,rt ,,..!
tort, a.nl two ;
moved Lilt I
ml j.t , , ,u1loi . . i
.......... .,,,,, mwani in point
from which the sound of firing proceeded
v.r.1 ui me iun. aiKi.mi sDont three miles.
"The sound of firing cuntinud to he
heard during llva advance, diminishing ln
rapidity and number of shots t,ll w8
reached a high .imi.,it adjaoent to Lodge
Tiail Ridge, overlook. ng me haillefleld. at
abvul a quarter before 1.
jpiain Ten Eyck sent
as soon as ha reached the summit com-!
manding a view of the battlefield, that the
Penu Creek vailey was full of Indians;
that ha could see nothing ot Colonel Fet-
terman's party, and requested that a how-
User should b sant to h.m. The howitser
was aot sent. TheIndlana. who at first
beckoned us to come down, now com
menced retreating, and Captain Ten j ck.
advancing to a point where tha Indians
had been standing in a circle, found tha
dead naked bodies of Brevet Lleutenant
Colimei Fetterman. Cam sin Brawn
lha entire murdered command of F.tter-
mnn. At this point there were no indica
ions uf 4 severe struggle All the bod:e
HIS is the communication which
the musical editor did not know
whether he would print or not.
Usually the musical editor does
not print ail hie correspondence;
if he did It would be very In
Hut tills one deserves conaideratlon. The
cause In Just. There Is no doubt whatso
ever that nimethlng should be done.
It runs ad follows;
"To the Music Editor of The B.e: '
Knowing full well that no appeal has i
over been made In The Bee In vain, when j
a principle of Jus'Ice was at stake, we. t.ie ,
undersigned, desire to make known to you. I
our resolution and our unanimous opinion '
that we are not being given the con- j
slderailon to which we are entitled. Wa j
have been worked overtime, and we are
weary unto death. While others have been j
reposing in Indolent ease we, the under
signed, have been working day and night.
about wages, but we do want and we think
that we are enatled to have shorter
hours. Trusting that ycu will do what you
can for us and help us with your In
fluence, and knowing that if you will
suggest this to the musical editors of the
country, there may be a chance for us
to remain aJlve for a fair period of y.ars
We are. your truly,
"LARGE AND ENTHUSIASTIC"
"PLEASING MANNER." I
"FINE TASTE." ' i
"SPECIALLY COMMENDED." j
"TEMPO. AND TEMPI."
"RARE QUALITY." i
"BEAfTIFUL TONE." 1
"SL'PERB RENDERING." !
"WENT WILD." and others.
It in but fair that The Bee should say a
word In behalf of these unfortunate and
overworked members of the republic of let
ters. It Is true that they are overworked.
They should be retired with honor and on
As a matter of fact what have they spe
cially to do with a musical performance?
Technique la a nice word to use when you
don't know just what to say. It is like
talking about "Values" In connection with
a picture. You cannot make any mistake
about that. Always una "values." It
means so much. But don't ever ask any
one what he really means by "values."
It might be awkward.
Technique has been handed around aw
fully indiscriminately and has been used
to describe something which It really is
not. It might surprise some to know
that technique is not flngar dexterity tn
rapid scales at all.
Execution: Poor old execution! What la
an execution? It usually Implies that
someone has been executed, or, In other
words, formally and correctly murdered
according to tha prescribed custom of tha
law. Now, If this sense of tha word wars
used to describe tha "murdering" of a
composition, 'twere well. But when la It
used that way? It la usually noted In con
nection with the word "brilliant" or some
other such member of tha vocabulary.
Than take that word "Charming": how
very appropriate to apply that to a beau
tiful young girl who, with her winning
way and her haaven-llt smile, sings to us
of the joys of tha spring-tide, and then
to turn around and maka It do double duty
by applying It to tha hideous looking crea
ture who with cheeks blown up and reed
pipe In mouth, sits squatting before soma
ugly snakes, "charming" them.
"Effective." Now, there, is a word to
luy in a space not exceeding two acrea in
Colonel Carrlnsrtan's A aeon at
I auota from tha official rennet nf
Coicnel EC. B. Carrtngton the culminating
features of the massacre, as follows:
" -The road or. the little ridge where the
final stand took place was strewn with
arrows. arrow-heada. scalp pols and ,
broken shafts of spears. The arrows that
vur. n.ni b.rni.b r.,, .11 ,u-, i...
-VVarlv ell w.re h-..n.l nu, f....
at the point nearest the fort, these rocks,
enclosing a ."pace about six feet Jooare,
having been (ha last refuge for defence.
Here nnri also a few unexpended rounds
of Spencer cartridge.
" 'Colonel Fetterman and Captain Brown
j r-sd each a revolver shot In the left temple,
j As Brown always declarnl thst he woul 1
j reserve a shot for himself, as a lust resort,
ao 1 am convinced that these two beiiv;
! men fell, each by the other's hand, eather
; than undergo the slow torture Infllctel
I upon others.
" 'Lieutenant Gr'iuimoiid's tK.dy wsm .jn
the road between tlw two extieivtes. with
! a few others.
i '" The officers who fell believed ttuit 11.)
I Indian force could overwhelm that nttnlier
I of troops well held In hand.
' This terrible m ansae ra bore mark) of .
' great valor, and has demonstrated tiin
. force and character of the foe: hut no
valor could hava saved them,
j " Puols of blood on the road and alupmg
1 sides of the narrow divide showed wher?
Indians bled fatallv. bur their bodlea were
can-ted off. I counted sixty-five such pools
ln t)e ypao 0f an acre, and Uiree within
i ten feet of Lieutenant Grummond's bed v.
. , 1. - .... ...
eleven .-mrncan iiursri ami nine inuiau
ponies were on the road or near tha line
of bodies; others. cr'ppld, were In the
" At the northwest or farther point, be
tween two rocks and apparently where tins
command first fell back from thc valley)
realising their danger. I found citizens
James s. Wheatlev and Isaac Flshr ot
j Blue Springs, Neb., who. with ' Henry
nfiM-- t,)t lnvtncibls. but fell, one havinir
101 arrows lti his naked body.'
Beauty is only skin deen hot nuns woman
i ar deeper thaji they look.
noma young men tn courting, are aa
flckie aa a last year s hammock rope.
Teil a girl she has a musical laugh and
si. will giggle for the rest of her Ufa.
All the world may love a lover, but It
bares to buy wedding presents for him.
Vt ban an old moid makes a gooae of her
self. It s a pretty, g.,od ,ig ta o
l'on t place too much conf'denca in an.
I piarancea. Mmy a nun with a rd nun
I has s white heart.
; It takes a lot of nerve for a fallow to
propuaM to a girl, but he should aava some
of it for star emergencies. New York
apply to musical presentations. It means
"Made jtit." That Is, the person made his
way out. or "tame out" all Harht. It Is an- I
plied to a great many things, and la usefu'. j
wh-n one dues not have much to say.
either for or against, and wants to say it
"Int Tpretatlon" has a good right to ob
ject to l's being obliged to work overtime
and to work In the place of others who
could do the work just as well and better, j
Interpretation has to go to work lota of ;
times, when the one who should ba set to !
the . task is Translation. When you 1
translate, you merely "carry something
across" from one language to another, j
You take a sentence out of German and put
It Into Eng lsh. But when you Interpret 1
that Is mure. Many musical people are !
merely and only "translating," when they j
think that they are interpreting." I
"Metaa Voce" is usually applied indls- !
crtmlnately to those soft tones which die '
Into sweet nothingness. The writer has j
heard people rave over the mezza voce ef-
fects of a singer, w hen one of tha most j
conspicuous things about his or her sing
ing, was an utter absence of real meiaa j
voce. This word cannot be explained In
print. It requires the living voire. i
"Exquisite." Her Is a word that is i
driv-n hard. From the milliner to the '
dressmaker, and from the florist to the 1
glover, am! from exquisite pleasure to ex- i
qulslte torture. It has been parsed and re- 1
passed without mercy. Think of applying'
the same poor unfortunate word to the i
torture of a South African In the Congo !
by a merciless brute of a men-shaped j
ilemnn. and then to the gentle odour of a
"Pleading manner." That Is a phrase
which should be Invalidated home "for
good and all." It ia one of those mildly I
meaningless, meant-no-harm, gentle Annie
phrases which sound well applied to a i
white kitten will) pinkieli eyes and a bow
of very pale blue ribbon around Ita neck.
"Fine taete" Is so suggestive of the cof
fee urn or the cobwebbed bottle of the key-SUH.-iIed
corner of the wine cellar that is
Is justified in asking to be excused from
the music room. "She played the second
movement with tine flavor;" "he sang this
number with a remarkably fine aroma."
"Specially cummended" Is very reminis
cent of the grocery store, or the breakfast
food, or the summer hotel. "Her staccato
effects are to be specially commended."
Why not recommended? or "endorsed?"
"Rare quality." Oh, how thoughtless to
use this In connection with a musical af
fair. Does It mean that it was not well
enough done? It ia suggestive of the Club
or Porterhouse Steak and tha succulent
English Mutton Chop. "Uaye it rare,
please." means that one does not want it
"well done." It originally meant "thin."
Could It be possible that critics have
known this when they have used the
word In describing some tone quality?
"Colorature." There is another wrongly
used word. It Is used with reference to
agility, and the word Itself means colored
and should be used with regard to tone
color and not tona-agility.
We will not mention the case of the
"Superb rendering." As has been said
before in this column, tt Is suggestive
of tha lard pall an eminently respectable
and necesary household object, but ona
which Is not to be placed upon tha piano.
But, why enlarge further? Tha case Is
clear. The snow Is faling and the cars
are crowded, and It Is time to go home.
Nrt(t year wa may, hava something to say.
A Happy Aw Year!
THOMAS J. KELLY.
Fifteen hundred seats will be offered at
SO cents apiece on the occasion of the
Schumann-Heink concert. January Bth.
Much Interest Is manifested In this event
and the above prices certainly compete
with what we hear of "European privl
leges." Miss Hopper further anuunces
that she will present Dr. Wullner at the
Young Men's Christian association audi
torium on Tuesday evening, January 18th".
SEASON TOLL ON THE LAKES
Second Most Dlsnstrona
History of Traffic
With tha foundering ot two ships, the
burning of another and tha loss of fifty
two lives tn the bitter cold and storm of
the first week ln December, another
seetton of navigation has closed on the
great lakes. In serious disasters, loss of
life and property and tragic Incident It has
been one of tha most remarkable In the
history of shipping on tha lakes.
Storm and wrecks hava claimed more
than 1X lives in the eight months since
the first freighter forced Its way through
the Ice floe which blocked tha passage
ititu Lake Superior. Property of value es
timated to be greater than fc,000.i)CO has
been destroyed. Channels have been blocked
by tha bulks of lost ships and the siiores
have hardly been frea from wreckage since
the middle of April.
Tha dangerous coasts of the Atlantic rail
hardly tell such tales of danger, suffering
and death aa are written on the records
of recent years in the history of lake navi
gation. The great lakes are no more
tamed than the ocean. They strike mare
quickly and in t greater fury. The season
. , . !
moi-t dtsustrous to shipping of any with ,
., . ,.. tlv. ,
the excentlun of 1905. Tha property oss
in that year was placed at tll.iKl.
Fifty-one ships were wrecked representing '
a net tonnage of ,'JOS.
The season ot VM was disastrous above j
the average, aixty-two vessels of various ;
sorts passed out of existence. These ves- j
sels had a registered tonnage of 42,075 j
and a carrying capacity of j.412. Their '
value was O.21J.000. Though this loss I
was heavy, the entire sixty-two ships j
capacity or valu. flv. modern freighters .
of the larger type.
. . T i .
I? IJOT for y-elght ships w.r. lost of an
estimated value or -700.000. In 1W fifty-
unev were loiai wrecHs, representing a
property loss of 1X34.000.
. w .te.o.er muN.ruJon .
the foundering of the car ferry Marquette
and Bessemer No. S and the burning of ,
tne steamer tiarion. all In La km Erie
terminates a season which opened ln-
aoMnlelttiiKlir T - ,i anin W . .. . .
,h. i . w . ... .77, .
April. They found open water to tha Soo.
but tha passage Itself and Lake Superior
beyond still blocked with Ice. The floes ex
tended beyond tha range of vision on April
si. out a. ready five vessels, eager ta In
crease their earnings by tha earliest possi
ble start, had gathered at tha boo and wars
fast In tha lea.
On that day tha first of tha upper lake
disasters occurred. Tha steamer Eher
Ward, grain laden from Milwaukee to port
Huron, ran fa.rly Into a great Ice floe that
was half submerged and almost Invisible.
Tha steamer sank Ilka a stone. Vina of
tha crew got to tha boats, but five went
Jo a with the ship. aJlevetand DispatcU.
Its cars are
IL Bell, Douglas 1823
OLD PLDS TREES STRIPPED
Former Method of Picking Fruit in
LAST EXPOSE EEC ALLS OTHERS
Brooklyn Scandal Revlvea Memories
of tthady Ways of Insurance
Examiners Away from
The remarkable disclosures concerning
the manner In which former officials of 'he
New York State insurance department se
cured large loans from the Phenix Five
Insurance company of that city, has pro
vided the most sensational scandal that
ihtt!, dfiVHl0Ped in insurance affairs since
hi iiivesiigaLion oy me -Armstrong com
mittee of 19UG laid bt.re the waste and ex
travagance in the management of the three
great life insurance companies of that city.
The specific disclosures ln the Phenix
case have been loans aggregating ta.DOO
made to the late James F. Pierce while he
was superintendent of Insurance tn 1X93 and
K96; advances of flflO.oOO to Isaac V'ander
poel while he waa chief examiner of tiie
insurance department, between lic.19 and
19o; borrowings of Io8,100 or more by Rob
ert H. Hunter, who was Lou Payn's special
lieutenant, while that politician had charg
of the Insurance Department during the
Black administration, and while Hunter
was tha first deputy superintendent of in
surance tn that state; and advances of
tfil. 1100 to William K. Bulkley. who was for
several years the third deputy superin
tendent engaged with the work at Albany.
Hunter has explained that the advances to
him were made by Deurge P. Sheldon, pres
ident of the company, persona.ly. But the
books show That the loans were carried bv
the company. Sheldon was Indicted this
week for misappropriation of the company's
"Janketlng Tours" for Examiners.
For years it has been a favorite prac
tice for the Insurance officials of western
states to take a Junketing tour eat in
the m-inler for the purpoxe of 'examining"
various Jjew York Insurance companies.
. . . '
These men used to represent the type
.01 niirinuni-e wnirii ;s orainaniv seen
at a conference of Tammaiiy hall leaders.
ne decrepit politician who eame on a fe
years ago for the purpose of looking Into
the affairs of a great wall street fire
insurance company, spent ttoree days in
specting its books and walked away with
a 1300 fee. In addition he received about
I'S a duy for expenses, and since the same
sort of performance was gune through with
several different companies, his expense
1 item nr.ihlthL' n,,rr him naoi-Kr lhal
It happened to be a great foreign
insurance company tnat ha was investl-
, at tnat , . , raana(er of
concern, an underwriter of Interna-
. ...... t ...,..(.. I
reputation. sized up the situation
Mrv,.M ut sl,rh ,
Uur tmtv t,tf
man for J10 a week,
ompany nearly i0 an
This Instance liov ever, was
I'liin that of another western
I oom mis .loner who took a Journey of ev
eral hundred miles ir order to tell tha
r.,i st expert underwriters In the world how
to manate thsir comranies. This man.
too. was of a low political order, and had
about as much knowledge nf Insurance af.
fairs as a tuuior clerk In one of the f'.re
offices ordinarily acquires sfter a month's
acquaintance wliU the bi.t-iness. He malt
demands upon one of the Hfu companies
In a way which showed plainly that he In
tsndud to rescind Its license to do business
In his state unless they compiled with
"certain requirements." His damand con
sisted chiefly in letting him do sufficient
work to earn a thousand dollar fe. Tne
officers knew full well that the undcttak-
"The Safe Road to Travel
built along lines of the most generous dimensions and
latest electric lighting, heating and ventilating devices
Electric Block Signals Perfect Track
New Steel Passenger Equipment
Dining Car Meals and Service
"Best in the World"
For literature ami information relative to rates, routes, etc., call on or address
nTTY TICKET OFFICE, 1324 FARNAM ST.
Ing was useless and would not help tne.
company or Its policy holders one whit, bui
the fact that they had a r.ati of an unsa
savory reputation to deal with made theru
compromise with him uson a- basis which
furnished the westerner with luxurious
hotel accommodations for a week and sent
him av iy with 1500 Christmas monev. as
a fee. But this was not all. Tha official
managed to work in a friendly attorney on
the deal also, so that the legal end of
the transaction probably cost the com
pany 1230 more.
"Investigation of Many Devils. '
But tha historic Incident of ail time must
be what Insurance men no.v remlnlscentiy
refer to as the "Investigation of Many
PevTls." The story of that junketing tour
ha never yet been fully told, but those
In touch with the situation say that the
aggregate expense bills for one great life i
insurance compnny alone footed up 1(3, WK).
It happened only a few years ago not so '
long before the Armstrong committee be
gan Its inquiry but Its picturesque Inci
dents will always be recounted whenever
Insurance officials discuss the scandals of
the past. It consisted of a Joint examina
tion by many commlseloners, some of whom
were highly respectable men wltn perfectly i
honest Intentions. Several did their work
well and cliamed reasonable fees. Others
are said to have lived, a year on what they
made In, those few weeks. They represented
departments of various states which hail
contributed an enormous volume of busi-
ness to tha New York companies, both fire
and life. These men hit upon the novel
dea of having a Joint Junketing tour of
several months' duration, with their own
pet clerks in charge, and everyhody re
ceiving a larger sum per day that he ever
earned In his life before
They began on one of the lifj companies
that msiliua specialty of swelling its vol
ume ef new business at "any old expense
rate," In order to show a vast Increase
ovir tiie business of the previous year. The
result was that most of the new business
cist them in commissions 7a to 90 per cent
of the entire first year's premiums. The
unscrupulous politicians saw that such
reckless expenditure for new business In
dicated a willingness on the part of the
management to pay almost any fees for tha
sake of being let alone. On reaching the
company's office here the examiners held
a conference with the officers, and told
them plainly what they proposed to' do
and what Information they sought. All
the work was gono over, and the officers
soon found that the undertaking meant for
tha company the largest expense bill ever
sent In by an examining force. A compro
mise waa effected, but not before some
of the officials hail been promised large
fees, for their part In the work. In addition
to almost ruinous allowances for 'ex
pense items "
Race fur r'rea. f
Alter the examination was completed, it
is related that olio of the commissioners
chased an officer of the company half a
with the demand that his allowance
shouui be r.OHO or "ft.ooo larger than it ' vated t the crowning heights' of power,
was. It has nevi r be-n known whether j as. of course, compelled to h-sue a joIii
the dishonest r-quest was grained or not, age without delay, and he did It on his own
but the fact that the offle'al in question Incomparable scale. Among the coins which
was ahle to n tire with a comfortable ; Napoleon had m.nted were some millions
fortune after a few yar of such work ' r '-franc pieces, and the emperor deter
led insurance men to believe that he git m" ei' tnat ne would popularise these coins
all he ask.sd for In connection with the
stories growing out of the same incident
it 's said that the attorney general of ulle
of the states whose Insurance official was
concerned in the examination received a
large llei onal fes fur Ills servi. es. in ad
ditlon to the (C!.0ii0 allowance which he got
from examining the titles of var'ous par
cels ofreai estate. And most of the title
work ciaicerned a class of property about
which ha possessed no expert knowledge
On another occasion it Is related that a
commissioner from a southern state ac
tually figured out the dimensions of tha
company s safe to gain some idea of how
many securities it held. This story seems
too' ridiculous to be true, but it is repeated
as actually happening In the downtown of
fice of a great life company. The man
was about as well euuliroed, to value tha
company's assets as a blacksmith was to
adjust the mechanism of a delicate watch.
But ha enjoyed the undertaking hugely, as
the company paid the bills for a grand
outing for his wife and children. In addi
tion to the various expense Items which I
enter liberally into such allowances. It Is
needless, to say that the work of this crea
ture was without the slightest value either
to the company or to tha state from which
he hails, and that the proceeding was con
ducted "for revenue only." ,
Besides the commissioners actually en
gagwl in the "Investigation of Many
Devils." they brought with them a whole
army of clerks, with several highly puui
experts and various actuaries whuH chief
equipment for the service seemed to be
their ability to make out large bills on
the basis of extravagant per diem charges.
One of the actuaries employed In this work
was said to have been highly incensed al
finding, from an Inspection of the com'
pany's books, that a competitor of his was
receiving a $11,000 yearly allowance from
the concern as a "consulting expert." With
tlie details of this transaction in hand, ihu
actuary promptly demanded that he be
added to the payroll at the same figure.
He probably got the money.
But the old conditions no longer exist.
Fverv Insurance Henartmenr In the conn-
lrv hllJ ,,, hv fnH . ...
the historic Investigation
of 1906. Abuses still exist, hut ln nothing
like the degrae thst prevailed before Gov
ernor Hughes conducted his merolless
cross-examination in the New York City
hall. Then, too. the laws of l.i made It
a misdemeanor for officers of insurance
companies to do now what thev hud not
tho courage to refuse to do In the rush
days of I!I2 and Vm. TJic New Yoik In
surance department has neen reorganised
and everv policy holder in the state enjoys
better protection today because of the
more competent supervision that is now af
forded. New York Post.
SEARCH YOUR VEST POCKETS
Monte Ona Haa a Krrack rtve-Frane
Piece Which la Worth
somewhere in thi.i wiiis world, posaibly
In the collection of some numismatist, pos
sibly among the relics kept by some lover
of the great Napoleon, there is a mighty
fortune, a sum-total of loud monev that
would maku almost any man go wild with
Joy. Somewhere, hut
who knows where'
W bat collector, a.l unconscious of the royal
prise, has millions in his grip, millions he,
perchance, will never even lrv to find,'
1 ' is a hundred years and fivs since, from
Rhone to Rhine, from Alps to Pyrenees.
tthe millions named Napoleon emoeror for
i evermore. The rrcn iwi,n .i.,,. .i
i " extraordinary way.
In one of the 5-franc pieces, folded to a
tiny sine, waa Inclosed a note, signed by
th great Napoleon, and promtsing the sum
of 5.uwi. 'Kt francs II. omi.imo ln American
uii.ney to the finder of that particular coin.
, Th" N"P"i,"! Hole is not a legend or a
...jrui il ia nown oy me iren van of
j France that the emperor prepared and
Si'fied that note an, I th.e .t m. .I.-.- ...
closed in a 5-franc coin, which was promptly
mixed with the immense number freshly
minted and ready, for distribution.
Thus tha note of the great Napuiaun went
out lino the world and what became of It?
Naturally, those coins were In great de
mand everybody who changed a large piece
j demauded tne new 5-franc
coin iu ex- J
change. Everybody who got one, aa a rule,
probed and dug and sounded the metal, in
eager search for the hidden note. Tha .
Rothschilds, it Is assertsd, had agents for
years gathering thoHe coins all over Franca
and even In the French colonies. But tha
years went on. Napoleon grew great and
faded, new kings ruled ln Francs and Uia
Corsican's note did not appear.
Popular tradition ln Europo has it that
the Rothschilds finally got the note and
cashed it. quietly and with no ostentatian.
Tho writer has been told by scions of tlis
family that this Is an error that the coin
containing tha fortune never came Into the
possession of the mighty financiers. An
other Europe.m tradition says that Alex
ander of Russia, after the allies took Parte,
f und the coin; that he placed the note In
the Imneriiil treasure vault of St. Peters
burg, and that the Romanoffs have ltep:
It ever since, letting the Interest accumu
late, and each new csar agrees never to
cash lha note until Rassta shall be In
This legend, too. is probably erroneous,
Russia 'has needed money badly a great
many limes since Id 14, and that note wouid
have bein cashed lonj since had the
Romanoffs ever found It.
DexpltM the fact that Napoleon's note, at
simple Interest, ia worth J7,.X0,iX)0 now.
whilii the writer Is not a good enough
banker to estimate its gigantic value at
compound Intsiert, the French government
stands ready to pay the debt upon demand.
Napoleon's pllgbted word la a sacrel trust
to the French nation, and the m:in wild
brings Napoleon's uote can have the monev
without a murmur. Who, then, has tha
ncte? Who is ln position to enrich him
self "bevond the dreams of avarice?"
French authorities and numismatists de
clare that there are not. In all probability,
more than 2,.VK of Napoleon's S-frann pieoaa
I left In the world todsy. Of these probabtv"
90 per cent are in tha private collections
of Napoleonic atudents. Somewhere iinun
thse collections in every probaoility, tha
great fortune rests, hidden between tha
shields of metal, a mine of wealth t Its
discoverer, but destined, perchance, never
to be found. New York Telegraph. .
GIG PERCENTAGE OF WASTE
teal fonaamed hv Loromoft vee anal
the tgaaatltr leal la
One-fifth of a'l -he coal mined ill ilia
I rated states hi Ii was burned In railroad
locomni ives ui a cost to tha roads of
l70.7o,iWii). according to a report sunmitted
to the geological survey.
The figures look large, but their prlnci-
t pul "ignif icar.ee lies In the argument which
U.eii analvils makes for tha conservation
of natural resources. Prof. W. F. M. Cuss,
dean of the I'nlversity of Illinois, who con
ducted the experiments, reports that qf the
:M iMiO.OliO tons of coal the railroads used .In
lilki "10.UMi.OtiO tons are lost through tne
heat In the, gases discharged front the
stacks of the locomotives, fl.40.00n tons
through cindars gnd sparks, 5.040000 tone
througn radl.Ulun. leskags of steam and
water, J.Mo.ilU) tons through unnonsumed
fuel in the ashes and TX.OOO tons through
Hie Incomplete combustion uf the gases.
Moreover, ls.000.a tons are- censumad tn
starting fires In moving the locomotives
to their trains, in backing trains into or
out of sidings aaid In keeping locomotives
hot while standing." Van Norden'a Mag-'
The fact that Chamberlain's Cough Plem-
' cAy ne,uitnt to ,ake na" u,',,, l "
vorue Willi nnuiimi .v.rjwncn.
FOaTUJES MACE II WHEAT
buys options on 10.000 hu. of wheat.
o rurther risk. lach to mnvemeic
from option Drice nakaa vnu 11 uu
:c-t'JO0. ac-iii"l. etc Write for free ,-lr.
culars, COX.O"sIAI. STOCK si (esUUH OO
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