Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 05, 1909, AUTOMOBILES, Page 6, Image 62
AMERICAN BREEDERS' MEET Convention Will Be Remarkable for Its Remarkable Organization. MEN WHO HAVE DONE THE WORK nflutlfi o Thl (lathering Will B Tkm Wba Marc Proa'aoed Bf. alls In Plant and Ani mal Brerdlag. When the American Breeders' association calls IU annual meeting to order In Omaha, Dnwmber I. opening a thra days' session, the city will shelter the most remarkable organisation ot men who have ever mot In the city. Taylng all superlatives aside, the men composing tha American Breeders' associ ation are not or.ly the ones who have been directly responsible for the govern ment anrl states spending millions of dol lars experimenting with plant and animal life, but they are the men who for the most part, have accomplished the work they hud none Into the work and opened tha fairyland of science not only to thousands of men on . the farms, but to every state legislature and to both houses of congress. The reports of the association comprise A collection of papers read at the annual meetings, which contain more knowledge of the laws of nature as applied to heredity and breeding than the world ever knew before this remarkable organisation began Its widespread Investigations Into every form of life. Iteports given In Omaha next month will, In themselves, give the world systematic ally arranged knowledge science If you please, which must mem at once, If the rules are generally applied, an Increase In production new wealth each ysar be yond comprehension. What has the association occompllshed? It has harnessed the enerrr of heredity to a remarkable licgtve It Is making tee changing energy of living protoplasm do wvtk which man cannot do, as electricity does work faster than man can do, since Kdison harnessed the great force. What Men Who Kuw Bar. Men who know commerce and those who l ave studied the sources' of our Rational wealth, say of the 27,000.O0O,00O of our annual production, electricity and breed ing may each be credited with $1,000,000,000. It Is also estimated that each will have added another 11,000,000,000 annually by the time our production reaches 137.000,000,000 annually. They are big figures, but great possibili ties are before the American Breeders' association and the thousands which the organisation Is Inspiring to do Its work. "As countless water powers along our streams are waiting for the electrical engineer to bring them Into the servloe of man," says Wlllet M. Hays, assistant secretary ot agriculture, "so the choicest blood streams nf heredity In the various speoles of plants and of animals are wait ing for the plant breeder and the animal breeder to segregate them and make them available." Wlllet M. Hays Is an Iowa man. It was Hays who organized the American Breed ers' association and It has taken him fif teen years to bring It to the great working body which Is to meet In Omaha, December (, I and 10, to give the world new light. Mr. Hays himself will be here to lead and will be accompanied by William George of Aurora, 111., vice president of the or ganisation, and one of Its benefactors; who wilt be Joined by ad army of scien tists, men who have attained high de grees and those who are privates In the ranks, but working, working to help throw .plants and animals Into new and Improved modes of expression. liars Pioneer la It. Ml. Hays' experience with legislative Cora it now are invited to devote at least ten minutes of their visit to our exhibit. We are dem onstrating a com plete Isolated Elec tric plant for country homesand farms.The storage battery sys tem will be in full op eration. This is the only exhibit of its kind at the exposition and the most interesting. Full particulars upon application. Sales room 1113 Farnam Street, Omaha. ALAMO ENGINE & SUPPLY CO." Engines of all sizes for all class of service bodies and their need of being shown the Importance ft liberally providing for breeding led to the formation of the na tional movement Id promote evlentlfle breeding. This was centered In the American Breeders' asaorlatltin, of which , Mr. Hays Is the executive secretary. The ; organisation has nesrly fifty committees at work on the different phases of plant and enlmsl breeding. There are commit- teer on breeding draft horses, drlv ng horses, paddlers. dairy cows, beef cittle ' and dual purpose nr double-decked cows good for both beef and milk. Other com- j mitteea deal with sheep breeding, Im- j provement of swine, poultry, pet stock. fur-bearing animals, and game birds and there Is even a committee on "eugenics" which Studies heredity In the genus homo with rreskient Pevld FUrr Jordan of Leland Stanford university as chilrman. There are committees which formulate the best plan for breeding wheat, and of corn and of alfalfa; and even a committee on the Improvement of beans, that we may have better pole beans, better Boston baked beans that we may better "know beans." There are committees on plant and animal Introduction and on the en couragement of the study of heredity In the schools. Only a few years bro the subject of heredity was not usually taught In our colleges because the amount of knowledge In the world on the subject did not Justify a college teaching the subject. j Many Report to Omaha. I Many of these committees are to report In Omaha. The meeting has been purposely called during the National Corn exposi tion. The exhibits gathered in Omaha'a Auditorium and Its annex are a graphic answer to what the American Breeders' association, with Its affiliated teachers and workers, has been accomplishing. The members can take any business man or i farmer Into the exposition and show him that after a decade of work the scientist has also proved the broad economist. Proof that II Invested In breeding experiments will produce 11 00 or 10,000 per cent on the Investment will not be hard to find at the National Corn exposition. Already with a limited number of experiment stations and agricultural colleges, It Is a fact that 15 to 20 per cent Increase on $7,000,000,OCO worth of farm products" annually has been real ized. The farms produce 17,600.000,000 worth of plant and animal and plant products every twelve months. Sclmtiflc breedlrg Is acknowledged to be responsible for $1.- 600.000.000 of this It Is all added profits to American farmers and costing a mere trifle. Mr. Hays was one of the first to prove that a few thousand per cent on an In vestment In his work was possible and today foreign governments are beginning to see that the American experiment sta tions are virtually bononsas which have never been worked on the other side of the Atlantic. Addltloa In Field Crows. The men now in charge of Minnesota's famous plant-breeding establishment, or ganised by Mr. Hays, say that with an expenditure of less than 120,000 In 1908, the field crops of the state have been made to yield an additional 62.000,000. This figure Is based on the modestly estimated In crease of the new varieties above the old kinds displayed by them of 62 per acre on a 1,000,000 acres now planted to the (even new varieties of corn, wheat, oats, barley and flax first distributed to Minne sota farmers by Mr. Hays. What Prof P. O. stolcen, the evangelist of a better agriculture, has accomplished In Iowa la well known. The lowest esti mate ever put on Prof. Holden'a work Is that he has Increased the value of Iowa's corn crop 112,000,000 annually. -V Much fun has been made of the com mittee on "Eugenics" by the "yellow" newspapers and Secretary Hays and Presi dent Jamea Wilson, have had some diffi culty to get public men to serve on this committee because of the sensationalism attached to the appointment of such a committee. But David Starr Jordan Is not a man to take hold of a "freak" Idea and. permit himself (to be made the sport of yellow newspapers. He paid no attention to their sensational write ups, but went into the work with a following ot brilliant educators. The objects of the commttlee are to in vestigate and report on heredity in the human race; to devise methods of record ing the values of the blood of Individuals, families, peoples and races; to emphasize the value of superior blood and the menace to society of inferior blood and to suggest methds of Improving the heredity of tho family, the people or the race. There is nothing sensational about the committee. "Eugenics" is a new word to many and the public, not knowing Its meaning, the "yellow press" has mads n big stir ahout Dr. Jordan's committee Francis Galton has defined the new sci ence as the study of agencies tinder social control that may Improve or impair to ra clal qualities of future generations either physically or mentally. The science does not propose to confine Its attention tu problems of Inheritance only, but to deal also with problems of environment and of nature. Thse, then, are some of the lines of work undertaken by this remarkable or ganization, which wants the government to continue spending Its millions for the benefit of the people who occupy the lands. Other countriea have heard of their work, their reports are translated Into many lan guages and the foreign nations are getting ready to spend tens of millions In building up the practice and science of agriculture and In creating better types of plants and animals that production may be Increased The governments of earth have come to realise that expenditures for research and technical education In the productive In dustries are as necessary as are expendi tures for an army or a navy. The signs of the times Indicate that the forces are gathering in America to lead the world In this great work. This Is the program of the meeting In Omaha as nearly as It can be outlined at this time by Pecretary Hays: WEDNESDAY FORENOON. DEC. i Address by Vice-President William Oeorge, Aurora. Ill; "Details for a Game ana risn Breeders' Uw," Dwlght W UuntlnKton. New York City; "The Effect or o-operatton In Breeding on Lmb Pro duction In Central Tennessee," J. E. Hlte, vBitaini, run. WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON. "Hereford-Shorthorn Crostes." P. K. FORle. Jefferson. N. O.j "Bibliography of Aiumai uyorids," Dean F. B. Mumford. lorumuia. io.; "Urede Brahmin Cattle In our southern Ktatee," Prof. C. U. W'll lougriuy. ueorgla Experiment station; "As, iiin.uii.m r-nncipie in selecting for raoe" minis, r-ror. w. J. Pnlllman: -A . i liinnHMw. r-ror. .v. j. bpillman; "to1 listing Associations." Hon. Colon C 1.1 lie. C.uopersvllle. Mich.; "Breeding Milking Miorthorns. Prof Andrew Boss, Bt. Paul Minn.; "K-edln the Hi ood How and Litter lu Swine Breeding,'' William Dietrich, Ur- WEDNESDAT EVENING. "Imperfections of Dominance in Heter osygoies, ir r. B. Davenport, Cold Hprlngs Harbor, U I ; "Progress in Breed ing for Hetter Market Type for fowls." I rof. H. C. Pierce. Aim-a tu "Tv. uihi..i. Should be Followed in Breeding for Meat Production". Prof. W. R. Graham. Gue ph. r it. . inneruance of the Hatching in r-ouury. ir. Ray mond Pearl, Orono, Me.; "Data on the Di .tn ro" w'h the Domestic ryi. rrui. i . r;osers Ithaca, N. Y racis About UieeUuiK for the 20O-Egg Hen," Dr. Raymond Pearl, Orono, M "Constitutional Vigor as a Factor in Poul try Breeding," prof. James K. Htce. Ithaca, THURSDAY FORENOON, DEC. I. In the Auditorium. "Sum Principles of Heredity," Prof W. J. Pplllman. Washington, D C; "Inftu- noe of Nutrition on Animal Type," presi dent H. t. Waters, Manhattan, Kan,; IT STEM WEDDING INVITATIONS, ANNOUNCEMENTS, VISITING CARDS All correct forms in current social usage engraved in the best manner and punctually delivered when promised. .Tlfl A And all other work executed at prices lower thm usually prevail cls&wliere Telephone Douglas 1604 1 ROOT, 12101212 h Howard Street IE mil Win j -Jssti-.ai to s af I Rich A 1,000-bu. Hourly arisoi 'Momatic Sole I For Country and City Elevators ito mod: EILi 99 Will be in continuous operation at the Exposition, weighing grain containing cobs and other trash accompanying the natural grain as received from the farm' ers. It is expected that this machine will be one of the sights of the Show. DON'T. HTi IE "Some Problems In Plant Improvement," Dean II. J. Webber. Ithaca, N. V. THURSDAY AFTERNOON. The American Breeders' association will Join In a meeting; In tho Audllorium of the K.,tli,nl Corn show snd will listen to an address by Mr. J. J. Hill ot ft. Paul, Mli.n t'Hl.'KtiUAl tVCMMU. Th. HiriMlnff nf Grain SorKlmms." C. R. Ball. Washington. D. C; "The Breed ing of Barley," Prof. J. M. snept-era. Agricultural college. North Dakota, and Prof. Alvln Kevser. Fort Collins. Colo ; "The Breeding of Cotton," Dr. D. N. Shoe rnsker, Washington. D. C. FRIDAY FORENOON'. DECEMBER 10. "Variability in the Maiie Plant," J. R. Stewart. Chicago. 111.; "Hybridisation Methods in Corn Breed ng," Dr. George H. Sliull, Santa Rsa, Cat.; "The Breeding of Corn," Piof. D. fl. Kllnck, MacDonald col lege Quebec, Canida; "Some Oeneial Principles and Facts in Orape Breeding," Prof. T. V. Munson, Denlson, Tex. FRIDAY AFTERNOON. "Proposal for a Bystem of Tree Breed ing," Prof. Freder ek K. Clements, M n nedpolls. Minn.; "Walnut Osk Hybrids,' for Breeding and Use of Tree Crops," Methods of Tree Seed Selection," Raphael Zon, Washington, D. C. ; "A pan for Breeding and I'ae of Tree Crops", Prof. J. Russell Smith. Philadelphia, Pa. Government Corn Show Exhibit A large meaauie of the rapid progress and development of the great farming Industries of the country are due to. the work of the United Blatea department, carried on through Its several bureaua by trained experts. An extensive exhibit, com ing direct from the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition. Is Installed here by the order ot Secretary Wilson, upon the request of the managera of the National Corn ax posltlon, and adds a most Important and Instructive feature which cannot fail to Interest si', visitors. The Bureau of Animal Industry, which deals with the control and eradications of animal diseases, the Inspection of meat and meat products, animal husbandry and dairying. Illustrates these lines of Investi gation by aultable models, specimens, en larged photographs, transparencies, etc. A special feature Is made of displaying tissues and organs of anlroala affected with tubercuosla and similar material Illustrating hog cholera. The Bureau of Plant Induatry ahows nearly I.0UO peautlfsl execute1 models of varieties of apples, peaches, oranges, etc., filling five double aatlllwn cesas. Attractively arranged In another series of rasea Is a most valuable ens' Interesting co lection of small grains wheat, oata, barley, rye, rice together with aamples showing the more Important fungus disease whloh Injur or destroy thera. Purs seed Investigation Is a ymr useful and practical line ot work carried on by the bureau and here are shown the appli ances used in seed testing, together with working exhibit where the actual methods Of testing forage plant aeeds for mechan ical purity and germination are carried on.. Enlarged photographs ef samples of commercial samples of seeds clearly Illustrate the Importance of this seed test ing to protect the farmer from fraud or prevent him from scattering broadcast over the land the seeds of pestiferous weeds. The organisation of th bureau of plant In dustry, the lines of work which It em braces, the location of experiment stations at which Investigations are being conducted are graphically shown in suitable charts. The office of experiment stations makes a special display of the grasses and grains of Alaska from the experiment stations In that territory. These demonstrate that Alaska possesses great possibilities In grass and grain production. The office of publle roads makes a unique and exceedingly Interesting display con sisting of models of fifteen types ot rosi cunstructlon showing Just how these roads are mad, also models oT road machinery. Including rock-crulllng plant In actual operation and a steam roller. The bureau of entomology snows enlarge models ot Injurious and beneficial Insects and large collection ot tnaects of eco nomic Importance, chiefly tho injurious to corn, grain and fruit trees. FAITH TREATMENT FELL DOWN After-Effects of Bis; Thanksgiving Dinner Too Much' for Chris tian grfeace. An Investigation was started at Win sted. Conn., by Coroner Higgins and Dr. Hurlburt, medical examiner, into the death of Spencer R. Woodworth, 87 years old snd a man of splendid physique, who died November 25 at his home In Gilbert ave nue. Woodworth, alio was a policeman, was at one time a reader In the First Chris tian Science church. Four weeks ago he complained of feeling badly or declared at least that he was being troubled by some malicious influence. He was advised to consult a physician, but refused, say ing the influence would pass. He con tinued Pis duties for more than a week after he first complained, but finally kept to his house and submitted to the absent treatment of a Christian Science practi tioner In Hartford. A few days ago, he appeared among hi friends and said th Influence working against him had passed. Thanksgiving day be was able to sit down with his family to an adequate meal, at which he partook heavily of turkey, cranberries and pie, end ing with walnuts and candy. Three hours after the rrpast the cor oner and medical examiner Interviewed his widow, mother, and motlier-ln-law, and learned that the dead man, at his own re quest, bad received only Christian Science treatment during his Illness and bven per mitted to have whatever he liked to eat and drink at any time. His mother de- j ciarcd he would have died sooner had he received ordinary medical treatment. Dr. Hurlburt made a formal report of Mr. Wnodworth's death to Coroner II g gins. His report recites the primary cause of death as pneumonia, secondary or contribu tory cause "lack of intelligent treatment," and under the caption 'Remarks" Is written "Had no care or treatment except Chris tian Science." We are at our old loca tion, Wagner Bros.' build ing, 13th and Leavenworth Streets. We are showing a full line of Emerson Buggies, Car riages, Spring Wagons, etc. Also the Emerson Foot Lift line of Plows, Planters, etc. Also Emerson Engine Plows. Remember' the location, 13th & Leavenworth Sts. Come and see us. Emerson - Brantingham Implement Company Formerly Emerson Manufacturing Co. CLUBBING OFFERS tt you have anything to sell or trade and want qluek aotlon, advertls It la Tb ge Want A. Cvlamn. Daily Bee (without Sunday) $4.00 Keview of Reviews 3.00 Regular price for both one year. .$7.00 Daily Bee (without Sunday) $4.00 1 McClure' Magazine l.w Woman's Home Companion 1.50 Review of Reviews 3.00 Regular price for all one year. . .$10.00 J Our Price ONLY $5.20 Our Price ONLY $6.90 THE OMAHA DEE. Omaha. Neb.