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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 5, 1909)
tjnb ay- Bee.
PART II GH f
ADVERTISE IN THE
BfcST IN TlIE WEST
J 5ATTTTT HUH
V IT J. X 1.X XXX
PAGEJ 1 TO .
VOL. XXXIX NO. 2."
OMAHA SUNDAY MORNING, PECEMHEIi 5, 1900.
SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS.
SIGHTS FOR VISITORS AROUND THE UNION STOCK YARDS
Great Industry at South Omaha Presents Much to Interest Student or Casual Observer
vr itrnt'of M . 1. c . K
1).1 V 1 Omaha stock yards opnol.
The bumble bealuninf or tnat
grfat Institution, which nu w
spreads out over 2U0 acres In
labyrinthine mass of tracks
ami Btwds, was the first effort to meet the
demand of the western shippers for a
market in the transnilssourt country. How
well the project has met that demand and
kept pace with Its growth Is shown by the
present magnitude of the stork yards.
Figures In themselves tend rather to con-'
fusion In consideration of the stock' yards.
A view of any one of the lone grey vistas'
of alleys or driveways, lined with staunch
weather-stained timbers. Innocent ; of any
touch of paint, running- thousands of yards
In an undevlatlng straight line, gives an
lja of the vastness of the yards. Last
year -the yards handled a total of about
1000,000 animals, which means that every
one of them were fed. watered, weighed
and sold in that great live stock hotel.
Annually the yards receive 13000 car
loads of cattle, hogs and sheep. The yards
become the last stopping place of the food
animal on their way to the abattoirs. The
railways are the feeders of this reservoir
of animal life, which discharges through
an Intricacy of canals Into the Insatiable
killing pens of the packing houses which
fringe the yards to the south and east.
To accomplish all this work the yards
have been gradually evolved by a system
.that grew out of the needs. This was the
origin of the overhead chutes by which the
animals aio driven to the abattoirs. In
times, past It became apparent that an
endless confusion , would result from the
meeting of Ingoing and outbound herds.
Nosv the shipments are received on the
. level of the railway tracks and delivered
from above. It Is a continuous Journey,
with scarcely a pause.
The pens where the animals are tumbled
out of the cars are controlled by an In-
genious system of gates that reminds the
visitor of a canal lock system. From the
umt car the animals composing the ship
ment ran be sorted out and directed to half
a dsen different pens.
- The wetghn-Aster la one all Important
functionary In the yards. As an employe
of the yards company, he la the third and
disinterested party to the sale by comm'.a
aton man to pavker buyers. His word Is
the law of the yards on weights. While
he alts In the weighing house reading his
scale beam with a deft speed born of long
experience, a checker la counting the ani
mals on the platform outside. The de
cision of the welghma.ster's slip la final.
The South Omaha Union Stock yards
represent a city by itself. Within its
boundaries' all that la neceeeary to opera
Uon la available. A hotel quite metropoli
- . ' , ' '
1 . i
OF THE STOCK TARDS AND FACKINQ
tan' In its appointments Is ' maintained by
the yards company. There, too, are a
bank and a newspaper. A system of fire
protection specially adapted to the yards
had grown out of experiences of the yards.
Thirty-eight little hose stations are perched
up on the fences about the yards. From
these four streams can be played on a Br
In any "block," as the division of the acres
of pens are called. The same system fur
nishes water under pressure for the flush
ing and sanitation of the yards. The yards
company also maintains a special stable of
mounts for employes. It's too far to walk
much In the stock yards.
The capacity of the yards is quoted tn
striking figures. Thirty-thousand head of
cattle may be sheltered there at once.
Roofed pens for sheep will protect 60,000
of them from the weather, while provision
Is made for the handJng an equal number
of hosts. There Is stall room for 009
horsee and the ultimata capacity for horsea
and mules Is 1,500.
The wear of the passing of many feet,
the unceasing grind of business, make
deterioration in the yards rapid. A force
is continually at - work rebuilding the
yards. Lumber Is handled by the 'million
feet. A few years ago it was considered
that the Omaha yards company had taken
a long stride In material Improvements
when brick paving was laid In the most
used runways and pens. Today the brick
have been discarded for concrete pavement.
A tribute to the demands of agricultural
science Is the sheep dipping plant of the
yards, where 30.000 of the woolly animals
can be put through the anti-scab treatment
In a day. This work Is done under the
supervision of a government inttDector.
The dipping plant la a sort of practical joke
on the sheep. He moves along tn blissful
Ignorance until the circulation platform
pitches him off Into the bath filled the
"dip" solution. Then begins a journey of
100 feet through the molasses tinted soup.
The treatment may be a bit rough, but It
does the work.
The yards maintain sales pavilions where
stock for breeding purposes can be put on
display and sold. These pavilions are
built like a little theatre, seating, about
the display platform, several hundred
- The Union Stock Tarda company was
organised, with W. A. Paxton as presi
dent. In December. 13. The yards were
opened for business on August L UM.
John F. Boyd was the first general superin
tendent. The first months might have
been more encouraging, but success came
In the end. The packers begxa to erect
the system of abattoirs that surround
the yards now and the demand of the
Omaha market was assured. H. J. Dunham
OF 1KXJ3 AT UNION STCX K TAIlL
t - s -
PLANTS AT SOUTH OkfAHJI
f yrw ifa!n
of Chicago is now president of the
yards company. The other officials are
J. D. Crelghton, vice president; J. C.
Sharp, secretary and treasurer, and Everett
BucklnKham, general manager, are resi
dents of Omaha.
PENSIONS FOR ARMOUR'S MEN
System Protection for PaekJagr
Hons Employe Under
An Industrial insurance plan, more com
prehensive la Its scope than any now In
force In the large manufacturing plants la
being worked out by Armour ft Co., ac
cording to reports current, in Chicago, and.
It la said, will soon be put in effect among
the thousands of employes of the corpora
tion. Official of the oompaar have for some
time been studying the various plana now
i TT t ."
I lL. II
'r"V " i
OF CATTLE PENS AT UNION STOCK
in effect in other packing and manufactur-
":T " .Tr , " :
..u.. imi, w.,. UUoi i....i w
pioyes or any yet tried.
wruie tne run details of the plan nave
not been worked out. It la said it will em-
body the best features of existing plans
and contain some new features not in-
eluded In the employes" benefit associations
of either the International Harvester com-
pany or the packing firm of Swift and
Company, which are considered the best
now In force in the city.
Offlclals of the company would not dis-
cuss details, but It was said that 'the un-
usual prosperity of the corporation, ss
shown tn the first report It ever has made
public, has something to do with the de-
sire of J. Ogdeu Armour to do something
for the employee of the big packing con-
All the packing firms la the Chicago
stockyards now have some form of In
dustrial Insurance In effect for the bene
fit of employes, with the exception of Ar
mour & Co. It is said that the Ar
mour company has been more liberal than
any of the other In caring for workmen
Injured while In the employ of the concern
and that the officials are anxious to see a
plan adopted whereby the employes will be
assured of certain stipulated benefits in
the event of sickness or accident.
The plan, when perfected, will. It Is said,
follow closely the Swift company scheme
which Is said to have given satisfaction
during the two and one-half years it has
been in force.
The Insurance plan of Swift and Com
pany, which has been In force since July,
1MT, divides the employee Into eight classes,
according to the salaries they receive and
the benefits they draw. Employes paid
I'.l j0 a week or les may belong to either
one of five classes, paying weekly con
tributions ranging from 15 cents to 40 cents
For the smaller contribution they are
entitled to sick benefits of $3 a week and
3X death benefit. U00 for partial dis
ability and $M fjr total disability. The
benefits Increase In proportion to the
weekly contributions until tn class No. t,
for employee receiving over 130 a week
and paying (tk y dues of 11, the benefits
are J a week la case of alcknese. ttOuO
In case of death and tl.SuO tn case of total
The sick benefits on the plan of Swift
and Company run for fifty-two weeks and
half benefits are paid for the next fifty
Within a few months after the Swift
company Introduced the plan about lfcCuO
e( Its employes joined the benefit associa
tion, and at the present time the member-
if - ; " .
- .-a. . r-VW
GSNKBJLL VIEW OP
,h,p f ow of a t(jU, of p.
Pr 000 employes working for the
corporation In this country.
X n i r I . KiL'Ift remnant. Ttlnn the rout
of administration Is borne entirely by the
firm-ajid is not taken out of the benefit
funJ.. Tne payment if claims has been
iade Wth great promptness, it Is said, and
the fund administered with a view of
making the employes satisfied. If a doubt
has arisen the employe always has been
given the benefit of the doubt, and officials
of the company as we'l as the employes
say that few complaints have been made,
The Swift company plan is administered
by a committee of fifteen, of which the
treasurer of the company is ex-offlcio a
member and chairman. The other mem-
bers chosen, seven by the directors
of company and wren by the em-
pioyes. one representative of the employes
from eacn at
The Armour company plaa, tt la said,
-5. w r---r-. t . ,w. .
HHHM MM 1 " " W 1 . r , . ' 1
THE SOUTH OMAHA UNION STOCK TARDS.
will follow the Swift plaa In that the cor
poration will take a direct Interest in the
association and bear the cost of admin
istration. It is aid, however, to be the
idea of the officials that the plan should
Include the payment of pensions to old
employes as well as insurance ag&lnst
sickness and accident.
The Armour company has. It Is esti
mated, about 17.000 employes In all of Its
plants and branch houses in the United
States, and the system of Insurance will
apply equally to all who wish to join.
Like the other plans. It will be volun
tary.' and an "employe In joining will not
be required, to waive any claim for dam
ages In the event of Injury. Chicago Record-Herald.
CHAMPION SELLER OF HORSES
Colonel Gallep Holds 'World's Record
la This Llae of In.
When It comes to "horse sii(-e." Colonel
I. C. Gallup, commission sairsman of
horses and mules af the Union Stock yards,
can lay a large claim through sheer experi
ence. By dint of thirty years with the
"hops-swappln' " business he has made the
record of having sold more equlnes than
any other man In the world. On" hot day
In August of 1903, the 2:M to bu as exa--t
as It stands toi the memory cf the colon 1,
he reached the hUrh mark for a sinKlo day's
performance by selling a few morj than
"Oh, of course, they were In carload loll,"
Mr. Gallup hastens to explain to admiring
visitors at his establishment, but the fact
remains that It was a lot of horses any
way. And, bye and bye, Mr. Gallup can ride character and to Inveigh against his aptl
most any horse he ever saw. There was tude f,,r tergiversation; not very easy.
on. B9 dldn ti but ne can
tell the story
best. The truth 1 the naughty little mus-
Ian. aaar him inmlff , nil run a an v
For the last twelve years Mr. Gallup has
been at the Union stock yards in eonnec-
tlon with the horse and mule business. In
the course of hia daily business Uiere he
frequently shells as many as WO hornes and
the average for the auction sales is 200.
From his barn horses go out to all the
world. At the Mouth Omaha Union stock
yards Is the great horse market of the
middle west. Iu the last few ers the ier-
ritory served by this market has b.-en
steadily Increasing. It has now come about
that even Idaho is buying horses In .South
Omaha. Colorado takes a ood many. too.
For many years the eastern cities and
comrnerclal centers on the other side of
th MlMlMlpp, have been drawinij tn(.ir
supply of draft and delivery horses from
south Omaha barns. Shipments to go
THH SHEEP PENS AT UNIOM STOCK
- i - 'J -t ' "
'. ' 1 VL I . 1 jv -
aevoss thp s(.i are not unusual at Colonel
i.!. ill up's barn. Not long bko ho sent a
bunch out to Honolulu.
AN ESTIMATE OF TALLEYRAND
Colonel Wattereon Pays Hint Trlbnte
as One Alone to Rank with
As . the successful warrior Is generally
overrated, the succe.ful politician Is often
underrated. We associate with success in
politics something of chicane, and cunning
conveys to the mind suggestions of the
Ignoble. The very name of Talleyrand be
came a synonym for dualiclty:.
He had a rupi llant personality. His habits
were unclean, his morals adjusted to cir
cumstances, which. In his day, oscillated
between licentiousness and lying, double
dealing end cheating at cards,- bribery
and treachery. He does not appear to have
Lten worse than the rest of them who
lived by their wits. He' gave good advice
and kept faith with his associates aa long
as they kept faith with him. It was not
that he deceived them, but that they could
nut decieve him.
The event invariably vindicated his fore
sight. His epigram, which sparkled and
stung like a rapier, was but the avant
courier of rare prescience behind it. This
prescience flashed w..h lightning power
through the clouds of falsehood and error
and went home to the bullseye of the situa
tion and he was as prompt in action as be
was accurate tn measurement.
His methods could haruly be called fur
tive. He was neither a dissembler, nor a
coward. It Is easy to generallzo as to his
everytning consiaereu, to specify where he
as clearly at fault or meanly In the
Naturally we Americans cannot admire a
man w" nel1 ua BUCn contempt Never-
theloes, Talleyrand stands with Pitt, and
pltt alone, the toremost statesman of the
modern world, quite, I think, above Met-
ternlcli. favour and Bismarck. Even with
UM- anf- wltl better men than Talleyrand.
politics makes strange bedfellows. Its
science, however, in all times and coun-
tries has teun to attain truth as it relates
to facts and at the opportune moment to
aPP'y It iU8' Forrest said the art of
war "Is to get there first, with most men."
Talleyrand did this, contending that he
true to France, and "a good Euro-
pen." a claim which, when the times and
his contemporaries are fairly analyaed. can
hardly be denied him. Henry WatUrioa la
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