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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 5, 1909)
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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: DECEMBER 3. 1W.
THE NEW No. 10 VISIBLE
CORN S NATIONAL FLOWER
Has Claims Economic, Decorative and j
of Relijioui Significance.
LED ALL AT LATE WORLD'S FAIR
Its Vtllltsurlaat Aesthetic Fnne
tloas Date Bark to the Day
nkri Israel Rowarht (on
For many years Indian corn has ranked
high tmuD the candidate fur a national
floral emblem. It led all competitors at
the WorU'a fair, and within the last
few. xym It has been welcomed at the
Detroit convention as the most fitting
symbol that America can contribute to
the international coquet of rosea, lilies,
thisUe and other choaen forms.
Apart from th wide distribution of
Indian corn In America and Its treat
economic and decorative value, there la
another argument In Its favor which gives
the pjant a religious significance which
!.h world-wide and which explains the
01 a and original meaning of many of
the ordinances of the Christian church.
This Is the universal and ancient pollen
worship which In America and possibly
rl?tnal!y In Mexico and Peru took the
form ef reverence for the pollen of the
corn plant or else of cornmeal. ,
John (X Bourke of the United States
Ieparrmnt 'of Ethnology has made a
Prototype of Fair Pocahontas
O FIND an American girl,
o endowed with the beauty
and general characteristics of
an Indian maid and possessing
that rare power of control
over the facial expression that lgnlfle
the tempermental attitude of the red
skin, was the difficult problem that
faced the National Corn show officials
In the matter of publicity.
alias Marlon Ackroyd of 2314 F Street.
South Omaha, was found to be close to
the artist's Ideal In portraying the In
dian maid as the official corn shots
girl. A likeness of this girl appears on
the cover design of this Issue o( The
Sunday Bee and similar portraits have
1 been used extenxhely ia advertising the
In stature 11 .ilroyd is tall and
slender, with u : t.1 caiiiaga and
graceful beaiin . . .c w a brunette ot
rure beauty. .'. l... oiv- complexion
: shaded by u . ....u of hair of the
..aii-ct: hue. I! r I. a r la long and black,
at d shines like the hair of Longfellow's
n. rulne. Minnehaha (Laughing Water).
I'robably most striking In her appear
and are her ayes, black like her hair,
that can be made to flash or appear
calm and Indifferent at the owner's will.
Moat valuable In the work of the ar
tist portraying th Indian girl la the
model's ability to express feeling or
temperament. The Indian maid seldom
smiles. She bears that mien of Indif
ference, cot found In the women of
other races, which is hard to Imitate.
There U a sluggishness of temperament.
In the ludian girl that Is shown In her
. eyes, U her motionless lips and In her
f bearing. ,Sb is stoical and phlegmatic
Upon completion of the new Kennedy building,
will occupy the best equipped typewriter of f ice in the
wesU in fact it will be thoroughly in keeping with the po
sition occupied by that company in the typewriter world.
careful study of the subject, especially
among the Indians of the southwest. With
them the pollen of the tule, a variety
of the cattail rush, Is carried in little
buckskin bags and la Invested, with all
the power of heaven and on earth. In the
dancea for the nick the medicine men
apply It to the forehead of the patient,
marking the form of the cross. When going
hunting or on a war expedition a small
quantity Is thrown towards the sun, whose
aid In thus Invoked. It Is eaten as a
remedy, sprinkled on the bodies of the
flood, and where cremation Is Indulged In,
as with the Apaches-Mojaves. It Is placed
on the breast, In the form of a cross. In
the old ceremony of the suttee, In India,
when the wife was burned with the body
if her husband, a similar performance
was Indulged In. Hoddentln Is dally offered
to the sun, and the Navajo, Apaches and
Zunl offer It to fire at their fire dunces,
which Is held to be an example of
pyrodulla, or fire worship.
Old iRdiaa Tradltloau
Among the American Indians there Is
a trtulltlon that tha Milky Way was
formed by the Great Spirit spilling the
corn pollen, or meal, as he was crossing
the sky to them. A form of this worship
la seen with the Laplanders, who sprinkle
the cows and calves with some kind of
meal, and many African tribes throw
pollen towards the aun and use It for
divinations. This practice has been trans
planted to the voodoo ceremonies of the
New Orleans negroes. ,
Among the Israelites and Egyptians pol
len was used fir food, and the so-called
manna la the pollen of the desert ash,
which represented to these people the
mythological tree of life, and Its pollen
and Indifferent to her surroundings, un
less tha emotions are violently aroused.
Miss Ackroyd has this power of facial
expression which makes her almost
Ideal as a portrayer of Indian emotions.
She can express the reserve and calm
ness of the Indian girl and her pictures
In her pose for the photograph used
by The Bee, Miss Ackroyd wore a real
Sioux Indian robe, borrowed from the
Ryan collection at the public library.
This robe Is valued at JliO; It Is twenty
four pounds In weight and la embroid
ered with thousands of beads. There
are few robes of this kind In the coun
try. The model wears her hair Indian
fashion, parted jn the center and hang
ing In two braids down her bnck. About
the forehead she wears a wide belt ot
colored beads. A single feather In the
hair gives a further touch ot aboriginal
custom. She looks upward, and in her
outstretched hands are ears of real In
Louis R. Boetwick is the photographer
who has brought Miss Ackroyd to the
tore on paper. In all be has taken over
toy photographs for the publicity work
In connection with the corn show.
His portrayals of the Indian girl, as
posed by Miss Ackroyd,' are perhaps the
moot notable. She has posed In many
pictures, but the simple view shown In
the design for The Bee Is, perhaps, the
most beautiful. In rural scenes a little
touch of the wiidwood has been In
jected Into the setting. Miss Ackroyd
has been photographed In a field ot
corn. In various poses, and Is also ar
tistically shown with bundles of wheat
Are offered the conveniences
and also of our booth at
Sts. Until Jan. 1.
was considered as spiritual food. The pol
len of wheat nai offered to Ceres as the
generative part of the plant, hence when
the devotee ate the bread made from It he
thus partook of the body of the God In
the word pollen are found the names pall,
or pallium, and pallas, which In the first
language means wisdom, and this Idea Is
carried out by the fact that many Indians
eat pollen before making a speech that their
words may be words of wicdom.
The Apache also takes It into his mouth
to bind faith, which is similar to the old
Anglo-Saxon practice of taking a piece of
barley bread with oaths that It might
prove poisonous if the statements made
VERY extravagance, whether It bsj state or Indi
vidual; every Increase In prices, whether It be
in wages, rates or commodities, comes out of
the consumer. He must pay the bills.
Theoretically, the place for economy to begin fa with
the Individual. But he won't do it. That I the plain sit
uation today. The Individual refurs to retrench. On the
contrary, he is using the Increased coat of living as an
argument for an Increase in wages.
There are nfi'" this world besides ourselves, and
inme of them are active.
Tlie time for a man' to retire from active bn-rn "
riendo on romllMnn. Pome men nre voun at 71; rtir
are old at 50. The method of llvlm. he oociinatlon,
habits, successes or failure" nil have their influences.
A man must make rro his mind, tf he ! joins- to suc
ceed, that when ha take the other man's d1lar he must
give back to htm an honest return.
Anyone who has no fatth tn this country, and who dis
putes Its rirht to stow rreater and stronger, Isn't going
to make much pro frees himself.
Tt Is no more polMe to solve many of our economfe
problems by legislation than it would be to fix a dislocated
limb by law.
. . i
The ralue ef onr farm products tM rear 1 I.0(8.OO.
C00. Tt mt'ht a well have been IH.OOD.ftrtrt.Ono. r even
I4 AO" onn ooo. We haven't berun to till our oM. We
don't know how. We have merely scratched the surface.
We are nslng ROO.OOO.OOO tons of coal nnusllv. At thn
rste the estlmsted total supply of the T'nlted states will
last 4.000 years, so we need not disturb ourselves.
The man with the big opportunity today Is the man In
Success never comes to the man who spends most of
his time watching the clock.
The man who climbs up is one who Is not content with
doing only Just what Is absolutely necessary, but who
My rule for success Is untiring application, loyalty to
one's employer, which Is loyalty to one's Keif, doing the
best you can tn every task that faces you; practicability,
Initiative and Industry.
Luck and laziness do not go together. The msn who
climbs up must prove himself and grasp his opportunities.
Opportunity will not look? him up.
The beet advice to give to a young man U very old
and very simple. Get knowledge and understanding. De
termine to make the most of yourself by doing to the best
of your power such useful work as comes your way. There
are no recipes for success In life.
The boy or girl who Is taught to be obedient and af-ff-ctionate
and considerate of others, to look forward to
making tha beat u?e of whatever opportunity life may
bring, and who receives such education as the best schools
have to offer, has all the preparation for after life that
it Is possible to give, and one that should not often fail.
The development of ha American northwest may be
compressed Into the period of a single human life. It has
affected more widely and will Influence core profoundly
the past and the future than many events which the his
torian sets up as landmarks In the evolution of the race.
and Douglas Streets
were not true, and the Romans of the
time of Cicero and Horace were often
obliged to eat cake before a priest under
Corn Religions Offerings.
"The use of hoddentln, as a religious of
fering," says Mr. Bourke, "has its analogue
in the unleavened bread and obsolete far
inaceous products which the ceremonials of
more enlightened races have preserved from
oblivion. Kinship between gods and wor
shipers has been at all times renewed by
partaking of common food, and this to
gether with the custom of Indulging on
sacred occasions In cakes of unleavened
bread moistened by the blood of men or
Sayings of James
Within twenty years 12S.OUO.000 people, and before the
middle of the rt-.tury more than 2ftO.000.uOO people, mmt
find room and food and employment within the fnlted
States. Where are they to live? What are they to do?
By that time our mineral resources a ill have been so
nearly exhausted that the Industries related to tl.ei. must
fall Into a minor place By that time It !s apparent that
our dream of conquest of world markets will L a hurst
bubble. It la a mathematical fact that witnln twjnty
years under present conditions our wheat crop will not be
sufflcent for home consumption and seed, without leaving
a bushel for export. Let u be warned in time. The gov
ernment should establish a small model farm on its own
land in every rural congressional dlstrl. t, later perhaps
In every county in the agricultural state. Let tne Ot
partraent of Agriculture show exactly what can be done
on a small tract of laud by proper cultivation, modrrats
fertilising and due rotation of crops. Only thus may a
multiplying population secure Its permanent maintenance.
Only thus may Lbs struggle for existence tliai has power
te iU.er rura or tutu be brought tj any other termina
tion tl.an the peace of death.
of our office,
brutes, common as it Is with tha American
Indians, the Hindoo, the Mongols, the
Egyptians, the Africans, and the Hebrew
people, point to a spontaneous custom gen
eral In all lands and among all peoples."
The Zunl prepare acred meal In the form
of a pyramid much like the pyramids or
phalli which the Egyptians offered to their
deities, and similar to the sweet bread
seen in the Bivlac temples of India, and the
show bread of the Jews. Many of the south
western Indians throw pollen during mar
riage ceremonies as we throw rice, and
some of their festival rites much resemble
the Carnea de landau of Spain, In which
on Shrove Sunday the women and girls
JAMES J. HILL.
It has opened opportunity for increase of -naterlal wealth,
and for the unfclding of human progress. - It la there that
the problems which have silenced the ld r nations, the
evolutions as yet unaccomplished, must be worked out.
Nowhere else Is there more energy or more courage to
Join Willi great Issues that promise success.
Some opportunity will come at some time to every
man. Then It depends upon himself and upon what he
shall have made of hlm.,elf what he makes of It and what
it will make of him.
THE NEW No.
cover the men with flour. In India, at the
feast of Hull, which corresponds to our
April Fool's day. the Hindu throw a purple
powder on each other with tha Idea of rep
resenting the return, of spring, which the
Romans called purple. On certain festival
days a red powder was employed, which
recalls the confetti throwing, so character
istic of Italian gala days.
Tha North American Indians often fash
ioned little Images of the animals they
wished to kill with a mixture of cornmeal
and plant. In order to insure success In the
hunt. In Babylon, from tha most ancient
times, what were known as hot cross
buns, similar In name and shapo to the
English article of Good Friday, were used
i in the worship of the Queen of Heaven,
the goddess Easter Ishtar or Astarto,
Torquemada states that once each year
the Mexicans made an Idol of dough, com
posed of cornmeai and the blood of boys
Ben Winchell Prints
MA HA owes Several debts of
Ol graUtude to Ben L. Winchell,
I former president of th Hock
iBiuria ana now neaa oi the
'Faleo system. On several oc
casions Mr. Winchell has gone
lo nic nont for Omaha when It counted,
and the people ot Omaha are slow to forget
When the auditorium was being built
and when It es a hard task to secure
money with which to complete the bulld
lr.g, Ben Winchell sent the check of the
Rock Island road for 15.000 and later when
Council Bluffs wanted an auditorium he
gave that thriving aUter city a check for
When the National Corn exposition
needed reduced rates west of the Missouri
river to Insure the success of the attend
ai.ee at the' show the directors wanted
some road to make a break, knowing that
If one road leaped over the traces others
would sum to follow. They went to th
right man when they went to Ben Win
chell for an opening. Mr. Winchell saw
th need of rates for the National Corn
exposition and at once gladdened the hears
of . tli corn exposition committee that
the Rock Island would put In reduced
rates, even If no other road would follow
suit. And so Omaha lias splendid rales
to Its big exposition of grains and grasses
from all over the country and the credit
goes where It belongs to President Ben
L. Winchell of the Frisco, but then th
The long years which Mr. Winchell spent
In the passenger department of several
of the different western roads which were
pioneering It at Hie time, has shown lilm
the Immense worth of securing new set
tlers, and of teaching the old settlers bet
ter methods, and for this reason Mr.
Winchell was mors than willing to boost
for th corn show.
Ben Winchell cam as a bJ.r of 19, to
work for the Atchison ec Nebraska rail
road, as clerk In the office of master
mechanic at Hannibal, Mo. From 177
to Utti. he was with the Hannibal, when
that road as "bought by the Burlington. In
lsM) Mr. Winchell was madj assistant gen
eral passenger agent of the Kaiixas City, Ft
Scott & Memphis, and held that position
for sixteen years under J. E. Lock wood.
General Manager Trumbull mar. d-d Mr.
Winchell as assistant general passenger
and ticket agent of that road and Mr.
Winchell was with him two years. He
was then made general paasengtr agent
of the Krlsco lines with headquarters at
St. Louis. Mr. Trumbull insisted thai
Mr. Winchell return to Colorado where
he was made general manager ot the
Colorado at Southern.
When the president of the Kansas City,
slain for the purpose. It was then orna
mented with Jewels and escorted to the
temple by priests bearing a serpent. The
dough Idol was then broken up and eaten
as the flesh and blood of the god.
"Tha communion service of the Christian
church," says Mr. Bourke, "Is undoubtedly
a relic of the human sacrlflej and douah
cakss of earlier peoples, while the ordi
nance of baptism finds its origin In th
universal exorcism of devils by which the
evil spirit were put to flight by the laying
on of hands and by sprinkling pollen or
water on the heads of those possessed."
It has been pointed out that "the shapes
and composition of ceremonial cukes are
generally a survival of the aacrlflces of
heathenism." Thus the pancake is hoary
with agu, and Its linkage extends backward
Into tits dim vistas of the past. It Is said
to be the earliest form of farinaceous food
Fort Scott & Memphis road died. Toakum
Influence insisted that Mr. Winchell should
be secured t fill the vacancy, and when
tha FHpco absorbed the Memphis road,
Winchell was made vlcv president end
genera! manager of the entire Frisco sys
tem. When the Kock Island and Frisco
lines were consolidated. VI lnchell was made
vie president of the hock Island and
later president. The Frisco and Kock Is
land have again separated and Mr. Win
chell la now president of the Frisco.
Colorado gives a great amount of th
credit for putting thV state forward to
B. L. Winchell. When he first went ta
Colorado as a member of th passenger de
partment of rhe Colorado lc Southern he
was a great believer In advertising and
so.n had the eyes of the nation on Colo
rado as the irett summer resort.
Mr. Winchell saw that sny development
whl':h helped the people living along his
road was a great help to the road Itseir,
and he worked along these lines all his
life. He likes to mingle with the public
and Is a most affable gentlemen to meet.
Indulging In a game of golf and ajthaf
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