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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 5, 1909)
PAGES TO I.
PACES 1 TO 8.
VOIi. XXXIX NO. 'J.').
OMAHA. SUNDAY MOltNINU, DKCKMHKK o, VMK
cixom corv five cents.
PROGRAM FOR CORN SHOW
Succession of Events Planned for Big
Exposition is Announced.
WILSON SPEAKS AT OPENING
"ffrftirf of Aarrlrnltnre and Presi
dent Dla Offer Oreetlaa; on
First Day Mexican Bui
The official program for the entire time
of the National Corn exposition Is out and
shows that all three of the large halls will
be kept In constant use. The Mexican band
will play Its concerts on the second floor
nf the Auditorium and the meetings of the
National Corn association will be held In
the large room which has been made-ty I
adding; a second story to the stage of the
Following; la the pi ok ram from December
(i to December IS:
Monday, December 6.
8:00 a. m dates formally opened.
1 :30 p. m Mexican National band.
2:0 p. m Music hall.
Introdurtory remarks by President Our
don W. Wattles.
Address of welcome. Mayor James C.
Da hi man.
Greetings from James Wilson, secretary
Greetings from President Dlax of
Response, President Engen D. Funk of
the National Corn association.
4:00 p. m. Concert, Mexican National band.
8:00 p. m. Concert, National Mexican band.
Address by Governor Shafroth.
Tuesday, December 7 Blograph hall.
10:00 a. m Hound table discussion on
'Special Life In th Country," led by
state presidents of the Iowa, Kansas,
Illinois and Nebraska Federations of
Woman's Clubs; Mrs. W. O. Whltmore,
president of hoatie economics department
of Affiliated Agricultural Societies of
1:30 p. m. Concert, Mexican National band.
2:00 p. m MukIc hall,
Mrs. F. H. Cole, president of the Ne
braska Federation of Woman's Clubs,
"The Stales' Aid; Woman's Clubs,"
, Mrs. Frances D. Kverett, president of the
Illinois Federation of Woman's Clubs.
"Uood Citizenship as Influenced by
Home Training," Mrs. Julian M. Rich
ards, president Iowa Federation of
"Play and Playgrounds," Mrs. C. C.
Ooddard, president Kansas Federation of
"Value of Organization," Mrs. C. O.
Hlgbee, president Minnesota Federation,
4:00 p. m. Concert, Mexican National band.
8:00 p. m. Concert. Mexican National band,
, Travelogue Lecture.
OTHER MEETINGS. "
American Society of Agronomy, at Hotel
National Corn Association Day.
Wednesday, December 8 Music hall.
:. a. m. Henry Wallace, editor of Wal
lace's Farmer, presiding.
"Progress of Organised Agriculture;"
testimony as offered by the various state
vice presidents of the National Corn as
sociation, regarding the development and
work of organizations promoting corn
' and small grain improvement in their
1:30 p. m. Music hall,
"Conservation of Our Soil," Cyril O.
Hopkins, professor of agronomy, Unlver-
(- sity of Illinois.
3:00 p. m. "Soil Fertility and Llva Stock,"
Joseph E. Wing of the Breeders' Gazette.
4:00 p. m. Concert, Mexican National band.
8:00 p. m Concert, Mexican National band.
Travelogue lecture, "Across the Pacific,,
at Honolulu and Through Japan," G. W.
American Society of Agronomy at Rome
Aium lean Breeders' association at Rome
. hotel. y
I, Ire Stock Car.
Tuesday, December 8 N. C. A. hall.
10:30 p. m. "Clovers," Prof. Thomas Shaw,
editor of the Dakota Farmer.
'Relation of the Native Grasses to the
West and Live Stock Show at Denver."
1:30 p. m Mexican National band.
2:00 p. m Music hall.
G. W. Wattles, president of the Na
tional Corn exposition, presiding.
Address, Jamea J. Hill, chairman of
the Great Northern railway.
S:00 p. m. Illustrated lecture, "Live Stock
and Agriculture in Argentina," Herbert
W. -M ilmf ord, professor of animal Indus
try, University of Illinois.
4:00 p. m, Concert, Mexican National band.
in. Concert, Mexican National band,
Vid motion pictures, "President Taft at
l.lve Stock Exposition, Seattle."
American Breeders' association.
Friday, December 10 Muslo hall.
10:30 a. m A. E. Hildebrand, superinten
dent of Junior department, presiding.
"Nebraska Boya' and Girls Work," K.
C. Bishop, Nebraska state superintendent
of public Instruction. '
I SO p. m. Concert, Mexican National band.
8 00 n m. Music hall, W. H. Davidson pre
siding. "Agricultural and Industrial Work in
Illinois," K. O. Blair, Illinois slate biiper
intendent. Other exercises by schools.
4 .in p. m. Blugraph hall. Superintendent
K. C. Bishop presiding.
"Education of Girls for Efficiency In
tho Home." Anna Lois Barbie, county
.urwriiitendent. Christian county, Illinois.
"Missouri Corn Boya," S. M. Jordan.
4.00 p. m. Music hall. Concert by Mexican
8 00 p. m Concert by Mexican National
band and travwlogue lecture.
Nebraska University Day.
Saturday, December 11.
100 a. m.-N. C. A. hall.
"Corn, Better Quality." Prof. E. C.
Montgomery of Nebraska.
"Corn. Mora Bushels per Aore," Prof.
M. L. Bowman of Iowa.
1 0 p. ni. Music hall. Concert by Mexican
2 00 p. m. Dean E. A. Burnett of Ne
"1'nlverslty and the State," Chancellor
"Fertility of Nebraska Soil," W. G.
Coupland, member of Board of Regents.
4 (W p. m. Conoert, Mexican National band.
: p. m. Concert by Mexican National
band and Corn Hunkers' Glee club.
Muale Lovers' Day. t
Sunday. December 12 Music hall.
Mrtp. m. Concei t. Mexican National band.
0ii p. in. Music hall. Concert by the
Mexican National band.
Dry rarnlsg , Day.
Monday. December 1S-N. C. A. hall.
10 no a. in Program In charge of Prof. Al
fred Atkinson of Montana.
1:50 p. m. Music hall. Concert by Mexican
2:i p. m. "Pur Seeds," Dr. David Fair
child. Department of Agriculture.
"Scientific Tillage." Prof. H. W. Camp;
4 M p. m. e'oncert, Mexican National band.
: p. m. Concert by Mexican National
band and travelogue lecture.
Tuesday. December 14.
W OO a. m.-N. C. A. hall. Program In
charge of A. R. Whltely of Wvnmin
l:iM p. m. Muslo halL Concert by Mexican
8:(W p. m. "Farming In the West." Judea
K. M. Carey of Wyoming, author of the
v a rev land act.
4:W p. in. -Concert. Mexican National band.
8.00 p. m. Concert by the Mexican Ne-
tluiial band and travelogue lecture,
tinad Hand Day.
Wednesday, December 13.
10 00 a. m.-N. C. A. hall. "Good Honda
l. Ward King, Inventor of the split log
'Road Improvement." M. O. Eldrtdg,
Iepaitment of Agriculture.
l:!s)p. in. Concert. Mexican National band,
t 0 p. in. Address by Uevarour B. B.
Brooks of Wyoming)
8:00 T- m. Concert. Mexican National band.
Travelogue lecture, "Siberia. Russia,
flermany. saitsorland. France and Aerosj
the Atlantic." O. W. Wattles.
firaln Dealers' Day,
Thursday, December K
10 00 a. m. N. C. A. haM. "Rotter Oa;"
program In charge of Prof. R. A. Moore
1:30 p. m. Music hall. Concert by M"Jtican
2:00 p. m. "How to Avoid Agricultural
Pankmptcy." President .1. II. Worst of
North Dakota Agricultural college.
4 00 p. m. Concert, Mexican National band.
8:00 p. m Music hall. Concei t by Mexican
Special delegations from the Chicago,
Minneapolis, St. Ixiiils. Kansas City and
Buffalo Boards of Trade will visit the ex
position. Wheat Day.
Friday, December 17. "
10:00 a. m. N. C. A. hall. "Retter Wheat;"
program In charge of Prof. A. M. Ten
Fyck of Kansas.
1:S0 p. in. Concert, Mexican National band.
2:00 p. m.- "Bringing the ?pi to the Farm."
Oovernor John Burke, president of Mis
souri River Navigation congress.
4:00 p. m. Music hall. Concert by Mexican
8:00 p. m. Music hall. Concert by Mexican
Saturday, December IS.
10:00 a. m. N. . A. hall. Program In
charge of President Eugene D. Funk.
1:80 p. m. Music hall. Concert by Mexican
4:00 p. m. Music hall. Concert by Mexican
8:00 p. m. Concert. Mexican National band.
WIFE AND BABIES SAVE
MAN FROM JAIL TERM
More Unfortunate Than Had, yessg
Hoaband la Released In
"Tea, I collected some money. 1 couldn't
stand to see my children starve," said H.
C. Fatterson of 1427 North Seventeenth
street, arraigned In police court to answer
a charge of obtaining money under false
To his wife's tears and the prattle of his
little 8-year-old daughter Patterson owes
his escape of a Jail sentenoe and may es
cape prosecution on further charges.
Patterson was brought into court on com
plaint of the C. F. Adama company, dealers
In household goods on the Installment plan,
by whom he had for some time prior to
October 18 been employed as collector. W.
8. Williams, manager for the company,
said that Patterson on October 30, after
being dismissed by the Adams company,
had collected $1 from Mrs. M. Harris on
the representation he was still In the em
ploy of the concern. There were a groat
many similar cases, aald the witness, and
it Is figured Patterson's collections
amounted to upward of $60.
Mrs. Harris Identified the accused as the
man she bad paid the dollar to and pro
duced his receipts.
Patterson made a defense by denying he
had made any collections after leaving the
employ of the company, whereat a fifteen
day aentenoo was Imposed. Patterson was
led away and It was thought the case was
ended. - .w-, ... - ,
Informed by Williams, however, that Pat
terson had a wlfa and three little children
who were In straightened circumstances,
the court decided to Investigate.
Mrs. Patterson and one of their children.
a girl of S years, were in the back of the
court room. Mrs. Patterson sobbed Inces
santly, while the Innocent tot ran hither
and thither, occasionally calling for papa.
Calling the wlfa to the bench Judge Craw
ford proceeded to question her with refer
ence to her husband' treatment of her
and the children aa how be provided for
"He's always been the best husband in
the world to me," said the woman. "He
has had hard luck. Every Saturday nlghU
he has been giving me every cent he
earned. Thla la tho first time ha ever got
'How have you been supporting yourself
and babies since ha lost bis Job?" ques
tioned the court.
"I hava bean working, taking In washing
and helping around the house to earn 11
a day," aald the little woman amid her
Calling Patterson back Into the court
room the Judge had a talk with him.
"Patterson, you have got yourself In a
pretty bad fix. For the sake of your good
wife and little babies I am going to sus
pend that sentence and discharge you. Go
home and take care of your wife and show
yourself to be a man." ,
DAPPER BOOK AGENT LANDS
. IN DOUGLAS COUNTY JAIL
ft. II. Wrti la Arrested an Tele
arraphle Advice from Aber
- Tork residents, people In Aberdeen, S. D.,
and in several other towns in this part
of the country will be interested to learn
that R. H Wertx a dapper, plausible book
agent. Is languishing In tho Douglas county
Deputy sheriff caught Wert at the
Oma hotel. The arrest was made three
hours after the arrival, of a telegram from
Sheriff John Anderson of Aberdeen, say
ing that he ' wanted Wertx on a grand
Detail of the Aberdeen accusation are
unknown here, but the general charge
agatnat Wert U that he sold order, took
the money and forgot to notify the houses
he has represented at various times. Here
In Omaha he last represented the Arablln
Bancker company. Before that he worked
for the W. A. Hlxenbaugh Company. ' He
has also been an employe of Philadelphia,
Chicago and Denver book jobbers and
wholesalers in stationery and news house.
He Is 28 years of age.
One complaint which has been made
against him Is lodged by O. M. Moore of
BOY HAS FATHER ARRESTED
Two Sons and Man Appear la Conrt
an the Charge at Drank-
The spectacle of a father and his two
sons In police court on the charge of
drunkennesa and fighting Is a rare one.
Such an Incident occurred Saturday morn
ing, when Conrad Bolt and hi sons,
Bennle and John, were arraigned on the
charge. Bennle, the youngest son, did
most of 'the talking.
"The old man waa running around, so I
called the wagon and had him pinched,'
he told the court.
"Who do you mean you had pinched V
"Why, my father. He was raising a fuss,
so I called the wagon."
The youth further showed his disre
spect for his aged father by telling the
court that he and hi brother had been
taken along by the offlcera after he had
told the officers to "take that guy, mean
ing hi parent A U was evidently a
family quarrel. Judge Crawford discharged
all three of the accused.
RISE OF TELEPHONE COMBINE
Quiet Beginnings, Growth and Ab
sorption of Western Union.
LITTLE FISH SWALLOWS BIO ONE
A Tale that Is "Norr Told for the First
Time How It Centers Aroand
the Com pa ay 'a First
Harry A. Bullock In Boston Transcript.
This Is a story which runs directly
counter to tho ordinarily accepted theory
of evolution. The -big flsu did not swal
low the little fish, but the little fish grew
large and strong, and now at the end of
thirty years Is In process of swallowing
the big one. The big fish Is the Western
Union the little fish' used to be the Bell
Telephone company, although In these
later day of Its strength and magnitude
we must know it as the American Tele
phone and Telegraph company. We are
going to see how It all came about and
the story may take on a little Interest be
yond that of the narrative Itself if we
remember that it has never been told be
fore, but Is now put together, so far aa
concern the telephone, from a wide Va
riety of data, gleaned from many first
So right here, at the beginning, let us
pay our respects to Theodore N. Vail, the
big man of the telephone world, who
steered the little old Bell Telephone syn
dicate through its earliest day when the
telephone business was largely made up
of the hope and hustle of less than half
a dosen enthusiast, then went on hi way
down to the southern countries to build
him a fortune of many millions, while he
built street railroads and lighting plant
for Argentina and Brazil, and now Is come
back again to take th headship of the
great system that he helped to found,
grown Into one of the greatest of cor
poration even in these days of mam
moth aggregation of capital. The btl-llon-dollar
telephone trut 1 not a phrase
which present any great degree of ex
aggeration; a company which can show
actual assets that are 885,000,000 in ex
cess of its capital obligations of $800,000.-
ooo held by the pQbllc, doe not have to
expand so very much farther to , reach
the billion-dollar stage.
Fat at th Start.
And when the telephone trust get there
It will have one Important distinguishing
feature from other 81.000,000,000 propositions
of which we hava heard In the laat half
doxen years. It will not be a company
which has had to growBp Into It capitali
sation while It Becurlty holder waited
hungry for dividend or Interest Its bonds
and notes have never been In default; It
stock has always born ubtantlal returns,
and Its entire capital today, as soon aa a
pending bond conversion plan Is completed,
will represent cash paid In to an amount
exceeding the entire par valua of all (f
the securities outstanding.
It Is a bit difficult to know where to
begin -this story of telephone development,
whether from the corporate end or from
the personal. Perhaps the latter starting
point Is better, because a corporation after
all stand for the personality of the men
who have controlled It, and nothing Illus
trate thl better than the history of the
Gould-managed Western Union and that of
the Bell telephone. There ar a few men
now living who remember the beginning of
the latter story, although tJu history of the
telegraph ha been written and rewritten
and it tradition are intermingled insepa
rably with those of the great struggle to
preserve th union. The telephone came
into existence and found Its flnrt develop
ment In no such stirring time; no staff
of war veteran remains to ba gathered
yearly, though In diminishing numbers,
ufider the auspice of a Carnegie, to tell
again of their rvlc to th country, no
less notable and often no les heroic than
that rendered by the troops In the field.
Four Men Who "tarted Telephona.
Four men met In Washington in the early
seventies, from whose efforts the telephone
originated. 'They were, Prof. Alexander
Graham Bell, Gardiner O. Hubbard (his
father-in-law) Thomas Sanders and
Thomas A. WaUon. The force of circum
stance drew the four together and It was
circumstance merely that wa responsible
for the Invention of th telephone. Prof.
Bell had none of the' commercial genius
of an Edison; he wa a college Instructor
and at that particular time wa trying to
invent a device which would help people
of Impaired hearing. Ho stumbled on the
idea of th telephone. He talked It over
with hi father-in-law, and th two told
Sander about It
Gardiner "O. Hubbard had a good deal
of the promoter In hi make-up, but his
capital ws limited and Prof. Bell had
none of hi own. Sander waa a man with
some llttl property and Hubbard talk id
blm Into a realization of th possibilities
of th Invention. Th three men, however,
found themaelve badly handicapped
through the lack of a mechanician. Sanders
and Hubbard knew nothing of mechanics
and to Prof. Bell th saying might be ap
plied that hi "finger were all thumbs."
He could see how a thins ought to bo done,
but could not d It himself, o there wa
added Thomas A. Watson and In Watson
the trio of originator found a fourth
partner who wa worthy of their com
pany. Watson, Indeed, waa a mechanical
genius and It wa largely through his
Ingenuity that th mechanical detail of
the first telephone instruments were per
fected, which allowed the device to have
at once a commercial value.
The Story of Mr. Vail.
In July, 177, a trust or asrociatlun waa
formed to take over the telephone in
vention. Hubbard was president and
Sanders was treasurer. The next year. It
wa determined to form two companies,
one in New England which was known as
Ttve New England Telephone company
and another to cover the territory of the
Tnited States outside of New England, to
be known as the Bull Telephone com
pany. Here wa where Theodore N. Vail
entered the telephone field. Amung the
original four men no one contributed the
powers of organization. The inventor,
the mechanic, the capitalists and the prj
motor atill they needed the organiser,
and It was this need which led them to
draft Theodore N. VaiL
He waa born out In Ohio In 1845 from
English Quaker who had settled there
from Massachusetts. HI people cam
eaat when he waa a boy and he got hi
education in the Morrlatowa schools,
winding up in the old Morrlstown acad
emy in New Jersey. Vail atudled medi
cine fur a while, then th mystery of th
telegraph attracted him and ne became
an operator In New Tork until he waa
sent out wast of the Missouri river to
work on th line of th Union Pacific
railroad. Just after th civil war he was
drafted into th railway mall service.
making his headquarters In Ogdcn. and in
1873 was brought to Washington Into the
nffire of the general superintendent of
railway malls. A year later Vail a
assistant superintendent. In 1875 he be
came assistant general superintendent,
and In 1878 eupertatenient cf the railway
mall service, which he reorganized and
brought to a state of efficiency that it
had never before attained.
Almost everybody In Washington In
those days knew Vail, a hustling young
chap who was marked for "tilgger things.
It was not strange, therefore, that Prof.
Boll and his associates should turn to
Vail when they neeiled an organizer for
the telephone business. Just tvt the mys
tery of the telegraph had drawn Vail from
medicine Into that relatively unknown
field eight or nine years before, so the
mystery of the telephone attracted him
away from his comfortable berth In the
government service for a new experiment.
His choice was to mean much to the tele
Organising (he Company.
The New England Telephone company
has a capital of 200,000. of which 11.000 was
given to the telephone trust for the use of
Its Inventions and tho balance sold for
860,000 In cssh to Investors In the New Eng
land territory. The Bell Telephone com
pany had a capital originally of 8450.000, of
which 8300,000 waa paid to the old trust or
association and 8150.000 expended for prop
erty acquired, while the remaining 800.000
was sold for cash. The old trust repre
sented an original Investment of M),000 by
the four men who started It and mostly by
Saunders. It therefore received 8400,000 In
the securities of the New England Tele
phone company and the Bell Telephone
company when thot-e two branches first
came Into existence. Let us bear this fh
mind as we consider some of Uie later de
tails of telephone finance.
The headquarters of the Bell Telephone
company were transferred to New York In
1878, Mr. Hubbard being president until suc
ceeded by William II. Forbes; Mr. Saunders
and later Oeorge L. Bradley, treasurer; Mr.
Vail, general manager, and one Devonshire,
accountant and auditor. In February, 187V,
tho two original companies were consoli
dated under the name of the National Bell
Telephone company, organized with a capi
tal of 8860,000, of which 8660,000 was given
share for share for th stock of the two
constituent companies and 8200,000 carried
In the treasury for the purposes of the
corporation. The poHslbllltiea of the tele
phone were now dawnlryr upon the country.
Accordingly, Its securities began to attract
attention in the market and from an Initial
quotation of 850 a share In May of 1879,
telephone stock rose to $100 the same month;
8110 In June; $135 In July, and $227 by Sep
How Western Union Waa Involved.
The Vestern Union, meantime, had be
come ope of the big corporations of Wall
street. Having its original development
along the lines of the railroad. It came
naturally within the Vanderbilt sphere of
influence and in the later seventies wa a
well established Vanderbilt corporation
whose directorate waa composed of men no
less notable than those who managed the
affair ow the great railroad systems. The
Bell Telephone people, seeking extension
and strong alliance, made a contract wl.h
the Western Union whereby certain hold
ing of the National Bell Telephone com
pany were taken over . by th Western
Union on a partnership basis.
It should be explained hero that from
tho very beginning the Bell Interests, un
der the advice and guidance of Mr. Vain
gave only short license for th use of
their patents, charging rental for the In
struments. Tho license uniformly ran for
a term of five years, after which the Bell
company had the right reserved to go Into
the field and take over the business Itself.
"Wo believed," said Mr. Vail In telling
tho writer- about this policy a few days
ago, "that the Bell Interests were so valu
able that we thought there was a partner
ship right In It which had value Independ
ently of the patent rights. In other words,
we believed that a permanent business
could be established which would outlast
all patent and In that business wo wanted
to be partner. Therefore, Instead of sell
ing the right to use our system for so
much money, or other, considerations, we
would take a partnership In th business
as extended, represented by a certain stock
Baals of Relationship.
The Western Union peop'.e knew per
fectly, well that this was the basis on
which the telephone combination was ex
tending Its business ' and the hauls on
which certain contract rights to use the
Bell system was transferred to the West
em Union In 1879, along with a, certain
stock Interest In the National Bell Tele
phone company. The renewal contracts
that were negotiated pursuant to tho
original contract all recognize this as th
basis of the relationship. So matters con
tinued until Jay Gould got the control of
th Western Union In 1S81 by bluffing
out the Vanderbllts In a bear campaign
on Western Union stock, which was as
famous in its day us the great Keeue
raid on Third avenue was to be twenty
.Back In 1879, however, the making of
the Western Union contract Jumped the
price of the shares of the telephone com
pany to $600 a share. The company took
advantage of this appreciation to sell out
Its treasury stock. The company' realized
$430,000 on the sale of the 2.000 shares and
In the open market soma months later a
few shares were eoK! at a price as high
as $1,000 each. s
Then came the one stock-watering opera
tion that stands In this telephone history.
Along In the eighties the American Bell
Telephone company was formed under a
special charter obtained In Massachusetts,
and this new company bought the rights
and property of the National Bell Tele
phone company, paying therefor $5,100,000 in
terms of Its stock which was exchanged
for the stock of the old company on the
basis of six shares for one. The exchange
might be held Justifiable, even In these
latter days, Inasmuch aa the last treasury
stock sold by the National company
brought In $000 a share. r
Profits of Flrat stockholder.
It may be worth while now to stop a
minute and consider the rewards reaped
by the early ackers of tho telephone. It
will be tecalled that the $ 00,090 of stock
In the orlgluul telephone trust represented
an initial cash Investment of $50,(00 and
received from the operating companies first
formed $400,000 in their securities. If that
Stock had been sold at the prevailing high
prices of the winter of 1879-60 It would
hare realized a little lees than $4,000,000 In
cash. If it had been kept It would have
received In the stock of the American B 11
Telephone company $2.400, M), which. If It
were sold at the best prices, would have
realized between (S.DoO.OjO and $i.00O.0CO. If
thla stock had been held onto throughout
until the-transfer of the American Bell
Telephone to the American Telephone A
Telegraph company. In lKtt, It would have
received $4,800,000 In the stock of that cor
poration. Back in the early eighties Mr. Vall's
attention iti attracted to new- fields, and
(Continued on Page Seven.)
TRAIL OF RUINED SILK HATS
Taft Tour Upset Traditions of Presi
EFFECT OF THE USE OF TILE AUTO
Taft l.eas Particular In the Matter of
Dress Than Roosevelt Mlahape
of Committeemen Speed-
las; by the President.
The automobile plni d almost as Im
portant a- part as the railroad train In
President Taft' -long Jaunt around the
t'nlted States. Without the aid of he
automobile It would have taken the presi
dent almost four Instead of ttfo months
to cover the same circuit.
The use of the automobile olso made
the Taft tour unloue In the history of
presidential Jaunts. President Iloosevelt
never rode In an automobile when he
could got a carriage with a team of horses,
and In the days of McKlnloy the cli k
choo wagon hardly had come Into its own.
President Roosevelt was a fairly lively
citizen, but on his long trip through the
west he dldn t begin to cover the grouna
in ench cllv that Mr. Taft covered. Mr.
Taft is the friend of the automobile
witness Its Introduction Into the White
House stables and on his trip the auto
mobile wa a mighty useful friend to him.
The use of the machines lias. However,
knneksit a rood manv frills out of a presi
dential tour. It has been a hard blow to
the plug hat and the frock coat. 1 nose
who followed Mr. Taft over the 13,000
miles realize that h9se thing have no
place in the up-to-date tour.
T.nrdl committeemen haven t adjusted
themselves to the new conditions yet, but
they will. Another visit or two by Presi
dent Taft. a few more brand new suit
hats spoiled at $8 a hat and even the
committeeman will revolt.
End of the Ping.
Th. nrxRldent and all the members of
his party started out from Boston with
.u- 1,1. a ihnt the old dug hat was to be a
vital part of the Taft show. Just as It had
been on every other tour oi me nation
chief executive. A fifteen-mile automo
bile ride through strjets of Chicago on
the first day out started a different train
of thought. Those who occupied me nyi
chlnes toward the end of the long pro
cession felt much mor strongly on iuB
subject than the ones who had place
nearer th head, but all had acqulref
enough Chicago real estate to make them
" .v,- ivntnr of .he silk hat ever
UDUUtJI la lV
really Intended it to be subjected to such
An automobile ride on mo
f the trip from th center of the city of
Milwaukee out to the Wisconsin state
fair grounds satisfied the entlro party
that a dust covered plug hat woa not a
thing of beauty and was totally unfit for
a presidential parade-that Is, on an ordi
nary head. The newspaper correspond
ent after that Milwaukee trip held a meet
ing in the baggage car of the Taft train
and, piling their dust stained plugs, to
gether, took a golemn oath not to ppear
In them again except by executive order. '
The xecutlv order came on only two
occasion on the 13,000-mile trip. and
there Is good reason to believe that It
originated each time with one of the
president advisers, not with the presi
dent himself. At any rat the entire
troop of Taft one night standers ap
peared in full atternoon uniform only
twice after leaving Mllwaukee-at the
Seattle exposition and at the Taft-Diaz
pveremonics In El Paso. '
Taft Not So Dreaay.
In this matter of dress President Taft
Isn't nearly so particular as Mr. Roose
velt was, Mr. Roosevelt used to Issuo
orders to his party In regard to th.?lr
dress tiefore they entered each city. The
high hat and frock coat were customary
unles there were special Instructions.
The eiret service guards, whether
tramping through the dust beside the
Roosevelt carriage or riding on the box
with the driver, alway were attired like
the president hlmBelf.
President Taft didn't care a rap what
his secret service men or anybody else
In the party wore. One of the guards wore
a khaki uniform, riding trousers, putteos
and sombrero most of the time, while the
other favored" a blue serge suit and one
of those new fa:.gled soft hats from Bos
ton that v always look as if they need a
shave. The Taft-Dias meeting wa the
only oocaslon on which the president's
guards pulled out their old Koosevelt re
galia. Mr. Taft himself wasn't at all particu
lar what he wore. On many occasions
he paraded wearing a derby and once or
twice with his Rolf cap on. He soon
learned that It wus the part of wisdom
always to hae this golf cup- with him.
He never could tell when he left his train
Just what sort of automobile trip he was
going to encounter.
All the committees promised In advance
to have the roods well oiled, but few of
them lived up to their promise. The
president would wear hi Bilk hat on the
parade through the city streets and then
shift to his golf cap when the committee
steered him out into the country.
That wa where he always had a laugh
on the committee. It would have grieved
the heart of any local committeeman to
appear in a Taff-parade without a stove
pipe, but to have the glossy structure as
sume the appearance of a dull clay chim
ney and a brand new frock coat made to
look like a light linen duster was often the
cause of far deeper sorrow. The average
committeeman had been looking ahead for
weeks to the upplause of his fe'Jow towns
men as he rode by In state, and then to
bo greeted with laughter It was pitiful!
One an the Committer.
The president had a lot of fun with the
local committeemen of Corpua Chrlstl, Tex.,
on this silk hat proposition. He had been
stopping on his brother's ranch and the
committee came across the bay on a rev
enue cutter to get him. The mercury In
the thermometer was lurking around 96,
but every committeeman was arrayed In a
silk hat and a frock coat.
They were standing on the pier mopping
their brows when the president appeared on
the brow of the hill wearing an ordinary
business suit and a Panama straw hat.
The Corpus Chrlstl committee gasped.
"We want to apologise for drehulng up
so much," they said to the president a little
"Oh, that's all right," said Mr. Taft with
a chuckle. "I can stand It If you can."
"Well, there's one consolation," sighed
one of the committeemen as he cooled bis
head In a barrel of rainwater on the cut
ter's deck, "we aren't wearing these thing
from choice; we thought we had to,"
Most of the Corpus Christl committeemen
bad Indeed bought new outfits Just to do
the thing up In the proper style.
No nian suffered mor from the silk bat
curse than Oovernor Tom Campbell of
Texas. He had to take part In the Taft
Ilaz meeting and It wa up to him to do It
right.. He had never worn a plug hat bo
fore, but ho got a friend to help him select
one and then announce that he would May
with It through the day if It killed him.
He st.i;ed with It all right, but at the
end of the day the hat looked fully as dis
gusted as the governor. The thing's flir
van all Mending on fnd. end when some
bndj told thi governor ho could got' It
prepFod ho said:
"Stop you kidding, you're thinking of
Tho governor wore this hat on two
occasions while the pn sldotil was In
Texas. People were beginning to com
plain that his tarte was corrupted when
the president came to his rescuo by de
claring publicly that the governor had
agreed In Kl laso to wear the lint out of
deference to tho president if Mr; Taft
would consent while he was In Texas, to
wear a soft hat as a mark of deference
to the governor.
Anelent Headgear tomes Oat.
The Taft trip brought out silk hals of
all shapes and ages, especially In tho
western states. The Oscar IlimnierstHn
was there, also the one of the concave,
laqed corset effect with the wide brim and
the latest with the broad felt band. There
were sorno that looked as If they might
be "the old Benjamin Harrison white felt
campaign stovepipes glossed over with a
good coat of stove polish. One man in
Ixi Angeles boasted that his hat had
greeted three presidents McKlnley, Itooiw
velt and Taft.
"I bought It to greet McKlnley." Raid
lie, "and have worn It only twice since.
May it live long and prosper."
It waa easy enough to spot the com
mitteeman who was having his first ordeal
with a plug hat and a frock coat, and
there were a good many of them too. Tho
novice always looked uncomfortable,
fretted more about the dust spects and
insisted upon smoothing his hat against the
Next lo automobile dust clouds the perils
that the local committeemen encountered
on the Taft train were the most trying
for their hats. The committeemen usually
boarded the train from twenty-five to 200
miles from their home city, and the presi
dent never received them In his car, until
the train was pulling Into their city. In
the meantime the committeemen tried to
enjoy life In a day coach ahead.
Trying: Feature of Etiquette.
Somehow or other' -pW--ommltteomnri
felt it his duty to wear his high hot Into
the president's car. A committeeman
crossing from one car platform to another,
one hand planted firmly on the top of his
plug, the other gripping the Iron railing,
his coattalls flapping in the wind and hU
entire person enveloped In a sixty mile an
hour dust cloud. Is an Interesting sight.
Every local committeeman had to make
about five of these crossings in traveling
from his passenger coach to the president's
car. Their course also Included a walk
through a baggage car In which they were
kept busy protecting their preclou Mds
from swinging clothe bags that were
hanging on either side of the aisle. A trip
through two Pullman kitchens and a
hurdle over a few palls and Ice cream
freezer brought them finally Into the hall
way of the president' car. It wasn't un
usual to see a committeeman, at the end
of hi perllou trip, pause before a hang
ing dlshpan In the Pullman kitchen and
gaze ad!y upon the reflected Image.
The hallway In the prettdent' car In
which the vlnltlng committeemen finally
landed wa long and narrow, more than
three-quarters of the car in length and
so narrow that two persons couldn't paxs
In It. Often the committeemen in tho
lead, found -tlw president engaged! with
something or somebody else and were
ordered to halt In this hallway.
That waa the worst experience of all for
the local committeeman. Those behind
kept pushing forward, anxious to let Mr.
Taft see them. Those ahead couldn't
turn around and all finally were wedded
In like so man figs in a box, each hold
ing his hat above his head and appealing
to the man behind him to have mercy.
Some of the committeemen when the
line was held up always got stuck Just
over the bumpers on the platform between
the Taft car and tho one ahead of it, while
other were Mailed In the kltcheiiH. A
holdup In the hallway of the president's
car invariably mean ruin to the appear
ance of an committee. And all that they
got In the end was a presidential hand
shake and a pleasant smiley
Where th Aat (lei a On.
The use of the automobild In the up-to-date
precedential tour also has created a
problem In' regard to guarding the presi
dent. Most of the cities nut their uo-
jllceiuen on horses ami exported them to
keep up with the autcs. Next to t he grief
of the local conimlttv.vnon the mlsury of
these cops was tho most pitiful thing
seen on the Taft trip.
Some of the policemen never had ridden
before, and the figures they cut on horse
back were ludicrous. Many of them failed
altogether to keep up with the autos and
some who managed to stick it out were so
badly used up at the ?nd thtt they could
Som cities, notably Memphis, had police
automobiles, but the trouble then was
that the bluecoats got the notion that It
wa a police, no a presidenlal, parade.
At Memphis tho police curs Inflated on
crowding in, around the president o
closely thut he was almost hidden In a
One of the police machines got in a
mlxup with that containing the presi
dent's secretary, his physician and several
other members of the Taft party. When
the members of the party tried to find
their automobile ufter a meeting they
discovered that the police had ruled It
'out of the parade and sent their driver
home. The careless ones explained that
they were members of the president's
"immediate party," but the police nald
they didn't give a "damn." Some of the
members of the party got back to thulr
bout on the Mississippi river by begging
Irhlef in private machines.
Minneapolis was practically the only
city on the president's long trip thut
solved the problem satisfactorily. They
had men on motoi cycles. V
A cavalry escort was worse even than
mounted police because there were more
of them and the confusion greater. Sev
eral policemen uud cavalrymen were
thrown from their homes ami two or
thrco seriously Injured in trying to keep
up v Itli the uutomolilles.
Colorado's t avalead of sheriffs.
T'uie was one troop of horsemen thut
managed to keep up with the automo
bile procetnlon ,snd they were probably
the best guard that the president hud on
his nip. Mr. Taft was seldom able to
lose the Colorado sheriffs.
They started out from Denver with him,
each wearing a blue flannel shirt, khaki
trousers and a sombrero. On their hips
(Cuntinued on Page Seven.)
FuENCII JUM FROM PANAMA
Machinery that Cost Millions Sent to
the Scrap Heap.
FINDS MADE IN ODD PLACES
Old Locomotives, 4 are. Dredge and
Olrdrra to He Urnaaht Here lo De
Hold Helped the Canal llefore
The iMhmlan Canal cummltMion haji
benun the Job of transporting about 100,
000 tons of old Kronen Junk from th
Isthmus to Now York City. Tho Junk In
cludes old locomotives, dump curs, tanks,
barges, boiler, gliders, dredges, shoot
lion, parts of old machinery and other
thlnirs for which the Kteneh canal com
pany paid millions of dollars and which
It loft to go to ruin on the iMhmus.
The cummlKslon Is selling on lompotitlva
bidding all tho old Iron and stool tilong
the canal routo except such parts as may
bo-rcserved for canal work,
About 700 tons will be moved to the
states every two weeks by the steamship
Ancon and Cristobal. It will take three
years to transport nil of the Junk. Tha
most of It will be scrapped where it He
on the Isthmus. The commission will
ship no pieces of more than twenty tons
In weight. This will permit the Miipplngi
of locomotive boilers with fire boxes and
The, most of this old material Is of for
eign manufacture and as It Is landed in
New York Untie Sam is confronted with
the proposition of being obliged to pay
himself $1 n short ton on the entry. Under
a provision In the sundry civil act of
May, IMS, this duty will be returned by
Uncle Sam to the canal funds, but to ac
complish this without a special appro
priation each year It will be necessary to
have the salt) consummated on'.y tifter tha
Junk has pu.sscd through the New York
customs house. Each contractor will bo
under a bond of $75,000 and payments tire
to be madn to the canal commission after
Tho sale Is being made at this tlma
chiefly for the purpose of getting tho old
material that lies tii the great basin of
Uutun lake out before the basin Is filled
with water. There are large quuntltio of
the Junk In the lake basin.
What It Brlnas.
Each of the locomotives ;eft by th
'Frencli-j'ield between $400 and $000 worth,
of copper -alone. The commission will sav
the old steel rails on the isthmus, to be
used us re-enforcement in the concrete
work and as telephone and telegraph poles.
Some of this old French Junk has been
found In extraordinary places. Dredges
have been discovered almost burled com
pletely In sand, hundreds of feet away
from any body of water and overgrown
With dense tropical vegetation. Appar
ently they have been carried away from
th river bed by high water or the river
Itself had shifted its course. Several of
these burled dredges were in a fairly good
state of preservation and are now doing
work on the Isthmus.
Some of the Junk has been lifted from
the bottom of the Chagrea river and from
tho bottom of th old French canal prism,
where hundreds of thousands of dollars
worth of equipment sank after the French
abandoned the work. Soma cf the relic
In the canal prism near 'he crossing of
the Rio Urundo river wen. .lodged only
after heavy charges of dynamite had been
exploded under them. Othera have been
raised from watery graves and are now
helping; to link the Atlantic with th Pa
cific. Profits Will He Small.
The profit from the sale cf the French
Junk will be small compared with the value
of tho service thut the commission already
has derived from the cast-off equipment.
For the first two years of their work the
commission relied absolutely upon the old
locomotives left by the French. In 1006
there were 106 of these weatherbeaten lo
comotives In service, compared with only
fifteen American-made engines. Since that
time the perctntago of the French locomo
tives has steadily decreased.
French dump cars also were used almost
exclusively by tho commission in tho first
two years. At one time more than 8.000
of them were hauling the dirt from Uncle
Sam's shovel3. The French relics fur
nished also many shop tools, stationary
engines and much repair material In the
earjy Uays of the construction work.
Hi fact, Americans may thank the old
French equipment for the fact that th
canul Is today Just hulf completed. With
out the aid of this rusty, storm-battered
assortment of French machinery thtr
would hava been long delays in providing
un udoquuto equipment from the states.
It Is estlinatwl that the French supplies and
equipment thus far utilized amount fully to
SALOONS CONTEND FINE
ENDS POLICECOURT'S POWER
Basic Point of Argument Before Crate
ford, When Hot Words Ara
That the Jurisdiction of police court ex
tends only to the point of a $100 fine and
that the revocation of a man' liquor
license, In riKlltlon to the Imposition of a
fine of $!00, should be construed as being a
part of the Mialty and, therefore, out of
the police court Jurisdiction, was the con
tention advanced by attorneys representing;
the saloon Interests being tried for alleged
violation of the 8 o'clock closing law In
police court Ssturday morning.
Attorneys KiUhle and GiCer arpued that
the revolution of a liquor license cannot
be coiihtiued other than a part of th
court penalty and contended tnat Inasmuch
a the law Imposed a penalty of $100 for
convictions In saloon cases, the court could
not exceed Its authority by also revoking
the license, a It hud no Jurisdiction be
yond the $100 penalty.
Attorney Whurton's appeal on behalf of
his client, Home Miller, was forceful, per
sonalities at times being reported to upon
Intel luptlons by Elmer K. Thomas, counsel
for the Antl-.-'aloon league.
In his .opening Mr. Whaiion charged
Harry A. Stono and the olhur witnesses
with being liable for ahiirg and abetting:
a crime, In that they deliberately set about
to make some one commit a crime by sell
ing liquor alter 8 o'clock at night. Whar
ton denounced the actions of the Antl
Saloon leuguo workers and even had a
slight issue with the court over a state
ment thut he l'.onestly believed his client
lived up to the $ o'clock law.
Mr. Wharton was forowed by A. 8.
P.ltchle, counsel for J. J. Sulivan, who
argued as to the Jurisdiction of the court
to decide the Issue, after which Attorney
Oilier took up the same Issue.
City Prosecutor IMcklnson will ret pond
this afternoon and some disposition of th
four pending tutt U expected at tUl
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