Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 23, 1909, Image 1

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The Omaha Daily - Bee
Tor Nebraska Fair.
For Iowa Partly cloudy.
For weather report ceo I'iirc 3.
Conference at White House Decides
to Begin Prosecution of Another
Class of Swindlers.
Wilson Tells
Some of Plans
of Soil Survey
Department of Agriculture Has Com
prehensive Scheme for Work
in Western Nebraska.
Four Hundred Will Start South from
League Island Navy Yard
Search for Victims of Disaster at
Cherry Takes New Direction at
Bequest of Union Officials.
: !
! i
i i
Government Loses Millions Annually
Through False Bottoms in Trunks.
Other Devices Besides False Tir'' ts
Used to Evade Duti v.
Corporations Will Dlarhnri .
ployra Who Asalat Imports -
muKKllnaj Payment
Henrarda Will Go Over. V. '-
WASHINGTON". Nov. 22 Instltut. . ut
criminal prosecutions against perpetrators
of '"sleeper trunk'1 customs frauds, with
ramifications In aV. parts of the country;
the pressing of existing Indictments to
avoid lapses under the statute of limita
tions, and tho customs Investigation gener
ally were discussed at a conference at the
Treasury department today. Secretary of
the Treasury MacVragh, Attorney General
"Wlrkersham, Collector I.orb of the port of
New York and I'nlted States District At
torney Itenry A. Wise of New York par
ticipated. Incidentally Secretary MacVeagh an
nounced that the 12,000.000 odd which the
American Sugar Refining company had
paid over to the government on account of
evasion of dutlea was regarded by the gov
ernment aa a complete settlement for aK
Its underwelghlng frauds, but that amount
In no wise figured as to any other matters
and that the government purposed to re
oover much more money as the result of
the frauds the ao-called trust had com
mitted. False Bottom Trunke.
At the conclusion of the conference Sec
retary MacVeagh smilingly referred to the
sugar frauds overshadowing In Interest one
of the most Important phases of the whole
Investigation, the commission, of frauds by
Importers brli Ring In the trunks with false
bottoms Involving losses to the government
of nil'llons of dollars. The sleeper trunk
frauds by which goods are brought Into
this country In trunks with false bottoms
to deceive the Inspectors stretch to many
parts of the United States, though passing
only through the port of New York in the
rases about to be prosecuted.
Beyond the generalization of millions of
dollars nobody officially can estimate the
amount of taxes thus evaded. Most of the
violators of the law In this respect are
dress makers. The government has a good
deal of evidence along this '.tne and the
prosecutions for this form of wholesale dis
honesty promise to be of a sensational
New Ralea Stop Practice,
Collector Loeb expressed the opinion to
day that the sleeper trunk frauds could
no longer be carried on successfully under
the rules he has adopted. These provide
for a new stamp arrangement for trunks
and a limitation of hours a trunk may re
main on the docki Instead of being per
mitted to stay there long enough to be
whisked away after nightfall. Instead, the
government will stow away the trunks In
a place safe from possibility of smuggling
off the docks In the dark. An honest
standard for all steamship employes will
be buttressed by the collector's efforts.
This will be effective through the com
panies by dismissal of men guilty of abet
ting frauds. Home cases already have de
veloped on which the collector complained
and the companies acted promptly.
raiment of Rewards.
Secretary MacVeagh declared today that
had no knowledge of the reported
fer made of S0,0oo and $.".00,000
respectively by Independent sugar refining
companies to the government to drop cases
against them. Mr. Loeb will remain over
ti morrow continuing the conferences here.
I Nee rotary MacVeagh indicated today that
he was not disposed to take up immediately
the question of remuneration for the first
Information of the frauds.
Kdwln I. Robinson, a former employe of
the American Sigsr Refining company,
who has made a claim on the Treasury de
partment for compensation for the data
he gave the department, called with his
counsel, Francis Dyruff of New York.
1 hey talked with Secretary MacVeagh a
few minutes and asked to see the papers
of Surveyor Richard Parr, who has also
filed a claim with the department.
I'arr'a claim was refused by Assistant
Secretary Reynolds a couple of years ago,
of a rule prohibiting customs employes
fiom receiving any bonus. Mr. MacVeagh
declined to allow them to see the papers
on the ground that he saw no good reason
why they shuuld demand it.
Erder Autopsy
Begins at St. Louis
Analysis of the Vital Organ of
Scad Man Will Require
All Week.
I .or is, Nov. :-i.-W H. Warren,
ti an of the imdlcal dtpaiinient of Wash
ington university, begun today an analysis
oi portions of the tjlnal cord and vital
vigans of William J. Krder, whose body
lks,s exhuimd Saturday after Kate Erder,
rus tlner, had cotiv.nctd the authorities
that II. tie wus ground for an investigation
of his diuiii. it will requite a week to
finish I.. is analysis, which will determine
vh. tti. ui- not an Inquest will be held. I
ur. i:taf to t'oavlct Man oil
IrslluMiuy lllrklaK Alleaed
A Jury In district court furaldied some
thing of a surprise yesterday afternoon
when It acquitted Joseph Collins, tried for
la l ceny from the person of the president of
the Tabor railroad. Robert McClelland. Me
Clellard and Attorney A. V. Shot well testi
fiid to the episade on a Karnam car which
rt suited in McClellar.d's capture of Collins.
The defense put In no evidence.
Mr. MoClrtland is the man who suffered
having his pocket picked twice before the
he thought he had caught Collins in
act, a point of view Mill retained by
bun, but differently looked at by the Jury.
(Krom a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. Nov. 22-Spcrlal Telegrams-Secretary
of Agriculture Wilson to
day, outlining work mapped out for cer
tain bureaus of the Department of Agri
culture next year, said that a soil survey
would be made of the western part of Ne
braska Rnd Kansas In the development of a
plan comprehending the survey of the entire
United States.
Last year the western half of South Da
kota was surveyed, as well as North Da
kota, and under the scheme adopted by the
bureau of soils, surveying parties will go
Into the southern stales during the winter
months and Into the northern and states
west of the Missouri during the summer
nonths. It will he the purpose of these
urveying parties to examine the nature of
'e soils and their different formation.
iJ'hrouRli the bureau of plant Industry the
vaitinent has a dry land Investigation
going on In eleven of the western slates and
at twenty-one different places, in order to
help the people to use the riRhl kind of
seeds and the right kind of culture.
These Investigations are going on from
the northern line of the United States to
the Gulf of Mexico. The people of the De
partment of Agriculture know well enough
that rain falls in some places In the regions
described, that they had sufficient rain last
jear and that i great deal of rain fell west
of the lwth meridian, but meterologleal
conditions show that there is not sufficient
rainfall at all times west of the luoth
meridian, and It Is for the purpose of giving
the people In that section of the country
the best Information obtainable upon the
adject of dry farming that these Investiga
tion parties are at work.
Secretary Wilson says that through his
agents in the foreign lands department he
has found crops in rainfall countries that
are at home in the regions above men
tioned. Durham wheat wa the first of
these finds, tW.euO.Ouo bushels of which is
the yield of this wheat for this year. Hut
no country can grow wheat all the time, a
legume being necessary to keep the soil
sweet and productive. Agents of the de
partment are now making Investigations
with legumes that live in countries having
less than twenty Inches of rainfall per
year, and Just as soon as their worth Is
proven they will be urged upon farmers
in dry land sections of the country.
New alfalfas and clovers have been found
in Siberia that the Department of Agricul
ture iielieves will solve the. problem of dry
farming. Western experimental stations
are hard at work upon demonstrations upon
these new legumes ana Secretary Wilson
sees no reason why their adoption should
not be made.
Letter Glvea Schoolmaster to Deliver
to llliu Kxplodea, Manjfilng:
ERESTAU. rrussla, Nov. 22 What ap
pears to have been an attempt upon the
life of Baron Albert Rothschild of Vienna
Is repotted from Schlllersdorf, the Roths
child hunting seat in upper Silesia. A
schoolmaster who was on his way to Schll
lersdorf was stopped by a man who cour
teously requested the other to deliver a
letter to the baron. The schoolmaster con
sented and hud continued on his way, when
the letter exploded frightfully injuring the
General Wood Wanta Officers In
Higher I'oaltlona During;
Da 7 a of Prime.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 22. Oslerlzatlon of
army officers to a radical degree was rec
ommended to the War department todfiy
by General Deonard Wood. He wants an
elimination law enacted so that officers
above the grade of captain will atttaln
giades on an averngo of at least ten jsvars
younger than at present.
General Wood said that under the present
system the best years of a man's life are
spent In subordinate position and that
wren he does reach a position of responsi
bility his physical and mental energies
are on the wane. He recommends the re
establishment of the canteen at army posts.
The Square Deal
to All Advertisers
Kdltoriat In the
The Omuha Ree recently Increased its
advertising rates from 84 cents an Inch to
98 cents an inch, and it gives figures to
show that some of the local advertisers
have beeen w ithholding their copy, possibly
In the hope that concessions will be uf
fired. "The liee," It says, "was the first
paper in this part of the country to es
tablish a 'fiat rate,' charging all advertis
ers the same rate without exception. Thai
we are losing business In order to maintain
this principle is tho best assuiance to our
advertisers that no discriminations are oi
will be made." The principle is wholly
commendable and should be recognized as
such by all square-deal advertisers. The
rebate business has no legitimate place In
the dealings of the newspaper with its ad
vertisers. The lime was, not so long ago,
whi n the railroads believed they could not
hold their own in the competition for
freights without entering into private deals
with pit f. rred customers. Tne e II w as so
great, affecting whole communities and en
tire sections of country so perniciously,
that the strong arm of the law, very gen
erally supported by newspapers, was in
voked to cud the mischief. There Is no
law to prevent newspapers from practicing
favoiitism, which some of them resort to
as a means of gaining advantage over com
petitive i.ew spapers, but the practice is in
defensible and directly harmful to adver
tisers excluded from special favors. The
discounts are mcessarily paid by the ad
vertisers who are Ui-nled the lower rates,
for by the measure of the difference tliey
help with the exptnso account of compet
ing coiiipuil i. No Item of txpendltur Is
mire essential to the conduct of retail
lride than that set down to advertising
account. The lot reliant desires to spend his
appropriation to the best advantage, and It
is much to his Interest to know that he
pays no more to a given nswspaper. In
pioportlon to space used, than Is paid by
Repairs on Prairie Will Be Pushed
Day and Night.
He is Investigating Shooting of
Americans by Zelaya.
M cars ana Will Not Be Permitted to
Settle at So Much Per Head for
Men it Wishes to
WASHINGTON. Nov. Preparations
are being made for 400 marine to sail from
Philadelphia either for the canal sone or
lor Nicaragua next Saturday. This will
constitute the first armed force to land In
Nicaragua, If developments In the situation
there within the next few days require such
a course to be pursued. All will depend
upon the action to be taken by the State
department, which Is marking time pending
tin report of additional details of the death
of two Americans, Groco and Cannon.
The departure of the marines comes as a
result of rush orders sent to the League
Ibland navy yard after the Stale depart
ment received the preliminary report of the
slaying by President Zelaya ' orders of the
two men. It had been Intended to send the
marines to Panama to relieve about 380
marines now on duty there. The date of
departure from Philadelphia had been set
for December 3, by which time the troop
Bhlp Prairie would have boen ready to sail.
Hy working night and day the League Is
land force will be able to finish repairs on
the ship by November 27, and that date
has now been Bet for the sailing of the
Meyer Will Review Marines.
Secretary Meyer of the Navy department
will go to Philadelphia on Friday to re
view them, as he intended to do even before
war clouds appeared in Central America.
In event of necessity the 380 marines now
on the canal zone could be utilized in Nica
ragua In addition to the 400 to be taken
south by the Prairie.
With the troop ship Buffalo on the Pa
cific coast and the Prairie on the Atlantic,
the marines could be transferred from one
coast of Nicaragua to the other in a com
paratively short time by way of the Panama
Rear admirals galore were at the Navy
department today, but in no Instance was
It admitted that their presence there had
to do with the trouble In Nicaragua. Rear
Admiral Schroeder, commander of the At
lantic battleship, fleet, had . a talk with
Assistant (Secretary Wlnthrop.
Decisive Step by Knox.
The next move of the game being played
with President Zelaya of Nicaragua will be
made by Secretary Knox, and undoubtedly
It will be an important and possibly a
decisive one. Zelaya has killed two Ameri
cans, it is believed, In the most summary
and brutal manner, and it Is not expected
that he will be permitted to settle at so
much a head for these or any other mem
bers he may see fit to kill. It Is therefore
believed that something more than com
pensation for Groce and Cannon will be In
volved In the next step by the State de
partment. This government has not accepted as
facts beyond all contradiction the explana
tion of Nicaragua touching the execution
of Groce and Cannon In that country.
Sufficient credence is given statements
that have been made to the Department
of State to prompt inquiries Into the rea
sons that moved President Zelaya to order
the two Americans put to rioln.
Secretary of State Knox la authority for
the statement that a aeniar.d for repara
tion will be made upon Nicaragua should
these inquiries develop that allegations
touching the death of the Americans are
well grounded.
Lute la.t night the secretary declared
himself and progress in the Nicaraguan af
fair today will doubtless be along the line
(Continued on Second Page.
Sioux City Journal.
his competitor In trade. It is relatively
as Important to know this as It is to
know that the carrier company is not
discriminating against him, or that he is
buying his goods on aa favorable terms
as others in like situation are buying. If
the newspaper discriminates In one case It
may do so in other cases, and oo one can
be sure that 1ia in hnini. futi.. i.
- j i i j urftii u y , I
except as he may know the undeviat nt
poucy ot me newspaper Is to treat all
alike. If the advertiser does not want the
(" one newspaper or another has for
J sale, the newspaper has no legitimate com
print against him; and nothln I. .n.,-.
disreputable. In such Instance, than for
I the newspaper to maintain a black list
land to take prompting therefrom to blaek-niall-or.
If a politer word Is required, to
intimidate. Kvery business man has direct
personal Interest, whatever the standard
of his principle, in promoting and defend
ing square dealing on the part of the news
j paper. The presumption is no serious re
volt exists in Omaha against tho pi indole
j which The Ree asserts. The World-liar-i
aid had some kindred trouble not long agu
lit raisid the rates on its week day ei
J without making change in Its rates for i s
, Sunday Usuea. It lost business fur a tinie
.during the week, but not on Sundays
Advertisers are naturally opposed to iate
(Increases, but the newi-papera are as much
entitled to them us the dealt-rj in other
commodities. The trend of things is a I
One way, and the newspr cannot be
made an exception. What the busine-s
men of Omaha. In common with the busi
ness men of other cities, are most vitally
interested ill is In having the very best
newspapers they can get for their money
land the b.-t are none too good. It Is well
jto consider that un Important flemeni In
la representative nrwsnsLer In nnu ....
munity Is to be found In Its character, and
no newspaper can maintain a large asset
in this paxilcular and do a crooked busi-uasa.
From the Washington Star.
Vessels on Lake Michigan Endan
gered by Raging Storm.
Part of Crew Taken Off by Life
Savers Puritan's ".leering; Gear
Breaks In Mid-Lake Gale '
In Oblo Valley.
CHICAGO, Nov. 22. Rain and sleet
driven by a wind which at times registered
a velocity of forty-eight miles an hour,
marked the rtorm which has raged all day
on Lake Michigan and throughout the re
gion of the Great Lakeo, f'!y a few ves
sels braved the gigantic waves t which
thundered outside the breakwater.
In the morning the ge-vernment lift sav
ing crews from Evanaton and Chicago an
swered an appeal for help from the crew
of the freighter Boston, which, after, bat
tling all night in the storm on the way
from Milwaukee, was thrown rudderless;
and beyond control upon a sand bar near
Wlllmette, one of Chicago's north shore
suburbs. Bight of the crew of eighteen
men were elected to leave the vessel,
which waft fast on the sand, and are al
ready taken by the life savers to shore.
Three steamers, the Turltan, the City
of Benton Harbor and the Missouri, left
the Chicago harbor during the day barely
escaping serious damage by being dashed
against the end of the pier. The velocity
of the wind was from thirty-five to forty
miles an hour, which makes the storm one
of the hardest blows on the lake this sea
son. The government forecast Is for a contin
uance of the storm throughout the night
with snow and colder temperature. Much
anxiety Is felt for vessels known to be out
of reach of safe harbors.
Steamer Puritan Disabled.
ST. JOSEPH. Mich., Nov. 22. The dis
abled steamer Purltnn of the Graham &
oMrton line, anchored late today off shore,
fifteen miles from here, with tho steamer
City of Benton Harbor lying alongside of
It. The two steamers were proceeding to
gether from Chicago to Holland, when the
Puritan's steering gear broke In mldlake.
A gale was blowing, but the two steamers
are said to be In no danger.
Tornado In Ohio Valley.
CINCINNATI. O., Nov. 22. A wind and
rainstorm approaching tornado proportions
swept up the Ohio river this afternoon
doing widespread damage in this city and
Its suburbs. The wind reached a velocity
of forty miles an hour and, during the
he ght of the storm, the tow-boat Q. W.
Dally of Marietta was swamped and sunk
in the river, and members of the crew had
narrow escapes from drowning. '
In the downtown districts windows were
crashed in, signs were torn loose and car
ried through the air, and telegraph and
telephone wires were broken, while in the
residence districts the chimneys of numer
ous houses were toppled over. Several
persons sustained severe injuries, but there
were no fatalities. '
Storm Brewing
on West Coast
Due Wednesday
General Precipitation in Porm of
Snow in North Predicted for
Middle of Week.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 22. A weather
disturbance of marked strength that ap
peared j on the north Pacific coast last
Thursday is now moving northeastward
over the central valleys and the lake
region and will cross the Atlantic si-a-boar
Tuesday, according to Ihe weather
bureau today.
A disturbance that now occupies the
north Pacific coast Is apparently the same
that crossfd the Philippine islands last
Monday and recurved thence northward
and northeastward over the Pacific. Thin
disturbance will reach the northern Kocky
mountain districts Tuesday, the plains
slate Wednesday, the central valley and lake
region Wednesday night and Thursday and
the Atlantic slates Thursday night or Fri
day, preceded by rising temperature, at
tended by general precipitation that In the
more northern atatea will be in the form
of snow, and followed by cold weather.
Bee Biographies
The Bee has had a number of
inquiries from people to whom
blanks have been sent requesting
biographical data for our files.
The purpose of compiling this
information is exactly, what is
stated in the circular, namely, to
have readily available accurate
and reliable data of the personal
careers of men who are promi
nent in the business and profes
sional life of the community.
The information desired is such
as would be used to write a brief
biographical sketch. There is no
hidden personal or political pur
pose behind the questions which
should be answered only inso
far as they apply to the person
addressed. The possession of
this information, however, will
on numerous occasions . save
much time and trouble, both to
the newspaper and to the indi
vidual, and a prompt response
will be greatly appreciated.
Heaviest Shock
for Three Years
Felt on Coast
Salinas, Cal., is Badly Shaken, bat
No Damage Has Been Re
ported. SALINAS, Cat.. Nov. 22. The heaviest
earthquake recorded here since the shock
'of April 1H, 1506, was felt In this city at
an early hour today.. Buildings rocked
land cracked for fifteen seconds and pe pi
rushed into the streets for safety.
So far as has been ascertained no damage
resulted from the shock.
Detroit Outfielder Fined Hundred
Dollars for Assault on Hotel
CLEVELAND, O., Nov. 22. Tyrus Cobb,
outf elder 01, the Detroit base ball team,
today was fined $100 and costs for assault
ing George 8tanfleld a night watchman
In a hotel, on the occasion of the Detroit
team's last visit to Cleveland.
Labor Leader Murdered.
CLEVELAND, Ntv. 21 Frank Knig,
president of the local Iron Moulders' union,
died today from a bullet wound In his
head. He was waylaid and shot Saturday
night outside a Superior avenue saloon.
The police say they know wno shot him.
Krug leaves a wife and three children.
Anti-Trust Law Too Drastic,
Says Standard Oil Magnate
NEW YORK, Nov. 22. Conferences of
officials of and leading counsel for the
Standard Oil company were held in '.lis
city today to begin the work of outlining
the company's course of action following
the adverse decision In the government's
suit against the company rendered on Sat
urday. Thirty days are allowed before the de
cree takes effect and within that time the
form of the appeal which the corporotlon
announced it would take to the I'niied
States supreme court will have to be per
fected. In speaking of the decision today, John
D. Archbold, vice president of the Standard
Oil company, took an optimistic view. He
"1 believe the decision will result in leg
islation looking toward the repeal t the
Sherman anti-trust law. Fur uudi r this
law It Is not only Impossible for practically
any corporation to transact business, but
even co-partnerships may be attacked. 1
believe that tin.- off:cials at Washington
are comii.g to the view that the law Is too
drastic and that even Mr. lloosevelt him
self shares In that opinion."
Standard oil slock was again affected
on the curb market today by the fed-rni
court decision. The stock closed at SM on
Saturday and the fust sale today was at
Twelve Men Proceed to Dine Before
Starting Deliberations.
Charge of Jndare Green to Jury la
Kegorded aa Glvtnsr Them a
Wide Latitude in First
Mike Trial.
The fate of John R. Dobbins Is -now with
the Jury.
Dobbins was on trial on the charge of
larceny of 130,000 from T. W. Ballew, a
millionaire and banker of Princeton, Mo.,
v ho Indulged in a typical Mabray race In
the conventional role of the "Mike."
At 6 o'clock Monday afternoon H. W.
Byers, attorney general, concluded his
closing argument and the case was sub
mitted. . The Jury was taken out to dinner
by the bailiff and returned to the Jury
room at the court house at 7:30 o'clock.
The Dobbins case has occupied Judge
Green's division of the district court since
Monday last. The testimony was long and
complicated. The question of conspiracy
entered largely Into the larceny charge, ac
coiding to the ruling of the court, and there
was much' that differentiated the trial from
that of an ordinary larceny case.
Dobbins is the first of the men charged
with a part In the dealings of the Mabray
gang to come to trial. If he should be
acquitted by the jury he will immediately
b? arrested by Deputy United States Mar
shal William Groneweg, who Is waiting with
a warrant from the federal court, where
the defendant has been Indicted for con
spiracy. There Is yet standing against Dob
bins a eharge of conspiracy In district court
at Council Bluffs. He has yet two more
ordeals to pasa If acquitted by the Jury
which has heard the larceny case.
Judge Green delivered a rather formal
charge to the Jury and one which gave
the Jurymen much latitude in reaching a
Tlnley Flays Bnllew.
Emmet Tlnley, who conducted the cross
examination for the defense, made the
closing argument for his client. He con
cluded at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. He
claimed throughout his address that Dob
bins was an Innocent victim of the mach
inations of the deal in which Ballew was
fleeced out of his money. His references j
to Ballew were frequent and sarcastic. j
"Mr. Ballew says that he went Into this i
proposition as a friend, to reform Mr. Dob- j
bins if you please; yet he, this friend, was
asking them $2,500 as a commission for
his services, h,ls sympathy.
"I Join with my friend Mr. Hess, the
(Continued on Second Page )
Mortimer F. Elliott, general counsel for
the Standard Oil company, said In com
menting for the first time on the decision:
'The decree does not order a dissolution
of the Standard Oil company; that is a mis
understanding. What the decree orders,
as I now understand It, is that the com
pany shall distribute among Its stockhold
ers, of whom there are approximately 6.000,
Its holdings in the stock of subsidiary com
panies. This distribution, I further under
stand. Is ordered to be effected on a pro
rata basis uf apportionment. That is to
say, the heaviest holders of Standard Oil
stock would receive a proportional number
of shares in the stock of subsidiary com
panies." Henry Welliran. who represented the
attorney general of Missouri In that stale's
suit against the Standard Oil company and
conductrd the examination in New York
of officers of the company, takes a view
similar to that expressed by Mr. Elliot. He
sums up the situation as "a theoretical
"1 cannot see," he said, "that any prac
tical effect is to be expected. It seems as
if the best the government can do is to
order the sale of the property and in Dial
case the money, of course, goes to the pres
ent stockholders in some form or another.
There is no confiscation, no punishment,
as there would be In the rase ot criminal
proceedings with the imposition of a big
Falls of Earth and Coal Delay
Progress of Eescucrs.
Evidence that Men Had Fled to Other
Parts of Mine.
Those l.ornted Sunday Are Taken
from Main Lev el lienor! that
One Wm Alive Temporarily
Hetlvra Hope.
CHKKUY. 111., Nov. 22. Efforts to reach
men possibly still alive in the St. Paul
mine were made In two directions today,
as. and west. In the hitler section ihe
attempt wus made at the third or bottom
g.illi ry, at the earnest request of Donald
McDonald, president of the United Mine
Workers of Illinois, and nine other offi
cers of the organization.
Tho melancholy ot the situation here
was accentuated today by the weather.
Ham fell all night and during the forenoon
turned to snow.
Scaicely a kinsman of the missing was
at the scene at any time, but efforts to
explore underground continued with un
abated vigor. Dozens of volunteers worked
against the most exasperating odds to
extend the limit of their exploi ailons.
Earth and cool were removed only to be
followed by other deluges from the ciumb
llng passages. But each check was met
with a desperate return to the attack.
"They're still alive down there," was
the watchword of every worker, although
evidence In support of It was pathetically
The first tangible ray of hope came when
men at work In the east workings broke
through a fall of earth where, It had been
expected by experts that a lae numbor
of bodies would be found. Not one was
discovered. InKtead, in a tool closet, hewed
out of the earth, a great many mining
implements were found, as laid down, ap
parently when the men came there to eat.
A fact regarded as significant was that
not a dinner pall remained. From this it
was argued that the men, unable to es
cape when the fire was discovered, re
treated to some extremity of the mine, car
rying ' their food with them.
Another Flame of Hope.
The next flame, ot hope came with tho
discovery 'that the bottommost gallery,
west, was. not sufficiently flooded to Im
pede progress.
It w as this section of the mine which
formed the subject of the conference be
tween the union and Manager Taylor, Tia
delegation, headed by President McDonald,
lr.rlsted that an attempt be made to ex
plore the third gallery, generally believed
to be of little importance. At the time of
tho castrophe little If any work was being
done in tills section, the men being engag;!
In the other coal beds of tho second gal
lery. Mr. Taylor, however, was impressed with
the theory that the men cut off In the
second gallery might have found their way
into the gallery below that which Is on fire
The tension of the nerves of tho rescuers Is
shown by a remarkable incident this after
noon. A man who proved to have been
dead many duys, was believed to be alive
when brought to the surface and waa
rushed to the hospital car. The -mistake,
however, soon became apparent.
Manager Taylor of the mine, worn out
by days and nights of work and anxioty,
left Cherry for a brief rest today.
"I am worn out with It, that's all." ex
plained Mr. Taylor.
Live Hats Give Hope.
Rescuers coming to the surface at noon
reported that live rats had bet n discov
ered in a newly explored portion of the
mine. This Increased the hope that the
rats came from remote sections of the
cave-In where comparatively pure air la
mained and that if the rats could live
there men also could.
M y of the gang said:
"The significance of this Is that dreaded
black damp does not lie along the floor of
a great part of the mine. The men whom
we are trying to reach on the fupposltlon
that they ore still alive are practical min
ers, and If they heard ruts they quickly
got to that part of the mine."
An official of the mine declared that if
any more men are brought out alive, the
work would have to be done within twenty
four hours, as the men must necessarily
be almost starved. Hats, he said, would
bs able to live longer, because of their
abl.ity to find crumbs and scraps of f o d
scattered about from the men's lunches.
Keports that the work of attempting to
each miners who still may be alive was
being retarded by a c .nfllct between
leaders and the state miners resulted in
a seiinus conference last night.
Cjpialn K. W. Itttlmer of company C,
Sixth regiment Iowa National Guaid, and uteiiant (',. P. Garrison brought the r
point d interrogations to V. W. Taylor,
I manager of the mine. They stated that If
I reports that woik was being hampered by
i a conflict of authority were true, Governor
Deneen would be usked to uppoint a su
premo authority at the mine.
Manager Taylor assured the militia of
ficers that the only conflicts that had oc
curred were of a ti clinical natuie and
that the course adopted was now gen-
rally b llevcd to be m at promising of
rrscuc to any who still may be alive in the
Mm Ibouicht to lie Allvr.
At 5.H p. m. annthfr man wus taken
from the nt. Paul mine. He was in an un
conscious condition and wus immediately
Irushtd to the liu-pital train. The man wan
unidentified, it Ic b. Ilev.d mine live men
will be f iund in the same place. The man
after being liKeii to the hopital car was
pronounced (Pad by the physicians In
charge arid the Ix.dv was removtj to the
morgi:e. The body v. us still warm and this
had led to the belief of tlie ri-scuets that
he was nll.e. One of the lescu-rs excitidly
told of hearing the mnn moan after he
had bun placed on the Htntcher, but this
was pronouncul a mletake hy the physi
cians. Whilo uncertain as to the time of death
they believe It had occurred many hour