Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 14, 1909)
THE OMAHA SUNDAY BKK: NOVEMBEU 14, 1000.
As advertised in The Omaha Boo.
As advortisod in Tho Omaha Boo.
As advortisod in Tho Omaha Boo.
r ' " T ' ' "" 1 JTiiH 11'V ' ' ' 11 "! 'ir -'i" nil, J,rs, , ) , 1 M Ill nui I1 i' "Trail n " 1 '("''
As advortisod in Tho Omaha Boo.
No cards will be given to children
Gossip About Noted People
NCLK JUK CANNON ran across
U the son of an old friend in East
I St. Louis, Just before starting
I ..... V. I n ... Ka
VII VII "3 I 1 1 II 111 ItlW
on of a man who gave him
a position sixty years ago.
The speaker, with Vice President Sher
man, Governor Donewn and Mayor Cook,
were on a rapid fire auto trip through tho
lock yards, whsn they met C. C. Nesblt,
an Inspector of weights and measures.
Nesblt hiked for the automobile and
grasped Cannon by the hand, much to
the astonishment of the other member of
' I'm C. C. Nesblt, son of old 'Slim' Nes
blt," he told the speaker. "You remember
my father." . .
Uncle Joe's cigar lifted a few degrees and
"Tou'ro d right I do," he replied.
yflls time almost chuckling. "Why, about
sixty years ago." he related, as he turned
to his companions, "old 'Slim' Nesblt was
keeping a store In Tuscola. One day, bare
foot and ragged, I dropped In to see him
and asked for a job.
" 'Sure. says old 'Slim.'
"I was ' poorer than h and I cer
tainly needed the money."
Several years ago C. C. Nesblt wrote
to Uncle Joe on behalf of a young woman
In Warsaw. Ky.. who wanted a job. lie said
he was the' eon of '811m' Nesblt. and the
young woman got her job by return mall.
Tke CudlMl aad tka Newsies,
The keen Interest In small affairs of life
and kindly sympathy for those la bumble
walks of life by Cardinal Gibbons, was
shown by an Incident which oocurred dur
ing his usual stroll Id Baltimore,
Two newsboy- were engaged In a rough-and-tumble
fight near the cardinal' home.
The little pugilists formed the center of a
group of men and boys, as well as many
ladles who war shopping. Many were the
exclamations of pity and reproach uttered
by those In tho crowd, but ne one seemed
Inclined to Interfere.
Tho cardinal attention was arrested by
the disturbance, and ta'ting In the situa
tion he quietly mad hi way through the
crowd. Reaching the boy undetected by
Ibera. tho cardinal laid hi hand upon th
shoulder of one of the lads, who turned to
become an aggressor at the Interruption.
The took Into tho fare M tke cardinal suf
ficed to tell tho lad who the personage
was that had Interrupted the muscular ar
gument. Tho urchin respectfully pulled
off his ragged cap. As he did so the car
dinal said in kindly tones:
"My son, wait until you have grown to
be a roan before you Indulge In manly
Next minute the boys were scampering
down the street in opposite directions. The
cardinal continued his stroll, smiling over
his success as peacemaker.
Mr. Harrtman'a Ambassador.
"Mr. Harrtman, for all his wealth, was
not purse proud," said a New Tork broker.
"Yet he thought a lot of money. He used
to tell, with a good deal of sympathy, a
story about the Russian ambassador to the
court of Louis XIV.
Louis XIV, playing cards at Versailles,
dropped a frano on the floor and stooped
to look for It. Then Mr. Harrlman'a Rus
sian ambassador, who was very rich, said
with a scornful laugh:
" 'Let me assist your majesty.'
"And he took out a 1, 000-frano note,
lighted It, and held it near the ground for
Mr. Pwlitser'a Editorials.
Afloat or ashore, relates a writer In the
American Magaxlne, Joseph Pulitzer, pub
lisher of the New Tork World, is sur
lound by a troop of readers and secre
taries, and when the impulse to do a thing
comes upon him hi power of endurance
break the youngest and strongest of them.
Take hlra at sea, where most of his time
has been spent of lata, it is an ordinary oc
currence for hlra to rout out his personal
staff it I or I o'clock in the morning to
aid hlra in the preparation of an article.
To think with him is to act. Let It be
some political fight or principle to which
ho has dedicated the World, and though
ha may bo on the other side of the earth
he 1 able to visualise It and live with the
paper and those la charge of it through
every step of success or defeat.
Ue dee not com pone with facility; some
of those whole-page editorials In the
Wcrld, bearing the signature "Josepii
Pulltser," which became so familiar during
the Roosevelt administration and In the
forming- of the last Bryan campaign, rep
resented week and weeks of unrelenting
labor. They oteant the driving to distrac
tion of .those upon whom he is compelled
to depend to put hi thought on paper;
they meant a crying for "facts, facts," and
"more facts" which it was ixileved would
never cease; they meant the working over
of draft after draft of the editorial in
preparation; they meant countless finished
article thrown away and a beginning all
over again until the ear of the blind .nan
(Continued from Page Two.)
that the opium habit can be cured. Every
where pill to take away the craving are
sold, and, In most of the great cities, hos
pitals and refuges have been established
where tho slaves of the drug go to break
off the habit. In Foochow there are six
such hospitals, and four of these report
that they have already cured 3,259 persons.
Such Institutions have been established at
Peking, Nanking, Tientsin, Wuchang, Can
ton and in many other places. Foreign
doctor have also; com In, and profess to
be able to cur the opium habit. One of
these who is well recommended Is an
American, Mr. C. B. Town. He professes
to be able to cure any one of the opium
habit in three days. He established hos
pitals at Tientsin and Shanghai. Ha has
started one at Pao Ting Fu, where It 1
said that one hundred patients came to him
during the first month and were cured.
Then the number of applications myster
iously decreased, and Mr. Town found that
this cam from a report to the effect that,
although the cure was successful. It al
ways killed the patient within 100 days
thereafter. This story was false, but It
almost broke up the hospital.
Mr. Town's Institution at Tientsin was
established at the expense of the viceroy,
and officials who were cured received ,a
certificate certifying that fact.
Oplaat Versa Morphlae.
One of the great dangers in the use of
many of the anti-opium remedies is that
they contain the drug in some other form.
The government has had to extend Its laws
to morphine, and In one of the recent edicts
the Importation of morphia and of hypo
dermic syringes is prohibited and their
sal is limited to practicing physicians.
The morphine habit has long been prev
alent in many parts of the Chinese em
pire, and a vast amount of morphine pills
are still consumed. In oertaln oltlea along
the Yangtseklang the hypodermic injecting
of morphine is common. They have pro
fessional peddlers who go about with hypo
dermlo syringes up their sleeves and give
injections at tho rata of about 2 cents
apiece. Such men are to be found la the
teahouses, and are ready to give one a
jab in the arm upon asking.
In the past it was customary for the
member of a party to stand up In a row
and hold out their arm with the sleeves
rolled up to their shoulders. The most
common place for the injection was about
the biceps, but many of the opium fiends
were tattooed from their necks to their
wrists, and also ou otbar parts -of their
bodies. The morphine Injectors make their
own solutions, and, as they use dirty water,
thq danger of their communicating diseases
The government Is doing all It can to
abolish these morphine practices. It has
stringent laws against them, but they are
still secretly carried on in most of the
cities. In the meantime, I understand
that the English and Germans have been
flooding China with cheap hypodermio
syringes since the present crusade began,
and that tho Chinese imperial custom
board has now issued regulation promot
ing their importation, except by the foreign
medical practloner and foreign druggists.
Hereafter all morphia and syringes landed
without a special permit from the customs
will be confiscated.
As to Raisins; Opium.
The greater part of the opium used in
'China Is raised at home. That Imported
from India amounts to millions of dollar
a year, but a far greater quantity is
grown upon Chinese sol). Poppy planta
tions are cultivated as far north as Man
churia, and there are provinces In south
ern and western China where opium is
one of the principal crops. The reducing
of the areas of cultivation Is causing a
considerable loss to the farmers. The gov
ernment realizes this, but, nevertheless.
It Insists that the laws be enforced. Ac
cording to them, no ground can be planted
to popples, and the old fields must be
cut down one-tenth of their original slse
In some provinces the viceroys have or
dered the immediate stoppage of all culti
vation of opium, and In others they have
remitted the taxes for five or ten years
upon opium lands which have been turned
over to other crops. In Yunnan the sol
diers have been directed to dig up the
poppy fields, and the viceroy of Nunklng
recently issued an order that his farmers
must destroy their opium seeds, and that
such as had planted them should dig their
fields over and put in something else.
All the opium raising lands have been
registered and the government at Peking
is keeping a close watch over the amount
cultivated. The prince regent has offered
medals and rewards to those who have
changed their crops from the poppy to
grains, and they are to be freed from na
tional taxes for a fixed period.
In short, there 1 no doubt about the
earnest and active efforts of the officials
and of a large part of the people to do
away with the opium habit. Many are re
solved that it must be cut out of China at
any cost, and the government Is willing to
submit to the enormous loss of revenue
which it entails, for the good of the people.
Millions of Oplaui Smokers.
On the other hand, It In a question
whether the opium evil is anything like so
great as la generally supposed. It has beon
stated that more than 100,000.000 of the
Chinese are opium users. Some will tell
you that the whole race is drugged and
that all the men, women and children use
opium dally. This is untrue on its face. I
doubt whether the opium habit I a
prevalent among the Chinese as the
whisky and beer drinking habit Is among
the English, Germans or Americans. In
the first place, it is costly, and the bulk
of the Chinese are poor. Again, tho
amount of opium raised in China la pretty
well known, and we have accurate statis
tics of all that Is Imported. Foreigners
estimate the total annual consumption at
something like 40,000,000 pounds. If this
were divided equally among the people it
would equal only one ounce per year per
head. Now the average confirmed smoker
takes about three mace a day, or ninety
mace in one month.
Ten mace make an ounce, and this
would equal nine ounces a month, or nine
pounds a year. Dividing the 40,000.000
pounds by nine gives a quotient of less
than four and one-half millions, the total
number of confirmed smokers required to
consume all the opium raised in China.
In other words, If one-tenth of the popula
tion were habitual opium smokers they
would consume all the opium which China
now has. If the estimate is doubled the
number would be less than 10,000,000.
Dr. George Morrison of the London
Times, who Is one of our most careful
writers on things Chinese and who knows
the country better than any Chinese I am
acquainted with, estimates the possible
consumers at less than g.OOO.Ouu.
Whisky Yersu Oplasa.
In fact, opium is consumed her about
as much as spirituous liquors are In Eng
land and the United 8tatee. Both habit
are a mighty evil, and both cause a vast
deal of misery; but to say that every man,
woman and ohild la China la an opium
fiend Is as false on Its face as it would be
to allege that every man, woman and child
In England and America Is addicted to
In closing this letter I would say that it
will be a long time before the hopes of
the Chinese statesmen and patriots can
come to fruition. The work of repression
is going on rapidly, but opium Is still
smoked largely In secret and an enormous
amount of underhand selling and smug
gling is done. These people are Just a
human as we are and the same conditions
prevail as would obtain in the United
Slates were we to try to abolish the drink
habit within as short a time a the Chinese
have alloted to the wiping out of this ter
rible drug. Some of the officials are hypo
crites, others are openly disobeying the
law, while others, bound In the Laocoon
grip of the opium, are secretly smoking
the drug or are injecting morphine Into
their persons behind their closed doors. The
movement for the most part 1 earnest and
honest, and It has already accomplished
a vast deal of good.
FRANK O. CARPENTER.
(Continued from Page Three.)
abundant living water for the extensive
tock farms located on its banks. The
native timber along this creek Is especially
worthy of " notice, bearing walnut trees,
and oak, maple and box elder that would
do credit to eastern forests.
One of the distinctive features of this
place is a very fine magnesia limestone,
which is extensively quarried here and
shipped to points east and west. It ad
mits of very tine polish and gives the ap
pearance of brown marble. It makes a
fine building stone.
It should be remembered that over half
of the trade of this place comes from the
state of Kansas, from which they are only
distant one halt mile.
Thayer county, though not the largest in
the state. Is one of the most productive.
Last year this county sold and shipped out
12,000 head of beef rattle and 61,000 head of
fat hogs. Also 1.1D3.UU0 bushels of Coin,
1.165,000 bushels of wheat and 136,000 bushels
of oats. Besides this the flouring mill
hipped out 4.600,000 pounds of flour and
2T0.0U0 pounds of mill feed.
The county has 261,000 acres in farm and
191,000 acres under cultivation on which
they produced this year, 96,000 acres of
corn, 47,000 acres of wheat and 26,001) acres
of oats. The djairy and poultry industry
is also assuming large proportions. Last
year the farmers sold and shipped out
136,000 pound of butter and 889.000 gallon
of cream, together with 159,000 dozen of
ogg and 490,000 pound of dressed poultry,
Thayer county, with a few others, has
a history somewhat different from most
of the counties of the stata, that may be (
designated as the Great Trail period. 4
Nearly two and one-half decades before it
became a county, It was the great high
way along which those ambitious throngs
of emigrants moved to the land beyond tho
great Rockies. This trail from the Mis
souri river to the Rocky mountains and
beyond, was white with the sails of the
"ships of the desert," all moving toward
the setting- sun.
Horace Greeley passed over this rout
in 1&9. In the same year the Pony Ex
press was established along this Una
from St Joseph, Mo., to Sacramento, Cak
The trip from St. Joseph to Sacramento,
a distance of about 2,000 miles, was mad
In eight days.
It la aupposed that a man named Chris
tian Luth, a German, was the first set
tler. He located near the government
road. He was ridiculed by the pilgrim
over the road, for attempting 40 farm 04
the great American desert.
Joseph Walker and James Reed, from
Fort Kearny, In U&9, located on the Little
Blue near the east line of the county. In
the same year, Isaao Alexander settled on
the Big Sandy. He brought with him,
from Kansas, a portable gristmill. In t i
winter of 1860-61, the few settlers were"
shut In by a snow blockade, till their stoo
of provisions was nearly exhausted. For
tunately they had raised a crop of oorn
and buckwheat, which they brought to
the little mill, and by hard work, ground
out by hand, their Immediate salvation
with that memorable mill. ,
Probably the first permanent settler In
Thayer county, were George Welsel, John,
Charles and William Nightengale, who lo
cated In the vicinity of Alexandria In ItfiK.
In July, 1S6S, the first postofflce In the
county was established at the dugout of
C. J. Rhodes, on the west side of the Blue.
The Salt Lake exprexs, established In
1W8, carried the first mall across thee
desolate prairies. The stations were fifty
miles apart. The part of the route through
Thayer county, was between Big Sandy,
on the east, to pawnc. Ranoh on tho
west. In lh&j, when pikes Peak rush had
reached Its highest point, this route was
a vast caravan of gold seekers an 'Emi
grants, the latter seeking a place to Gau
lish a home, 'he former thirsty with the
ambition for gold.
Powered by Open ONI