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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 7, 1909)
THE OMAHA SUNDAY REE: NOVEMBER 7, 100!).
HOT FIGHT FOR THE BALLOT
Kit. rankhnnfi Strennoui Actmtiei
for Woman Suffrage.
BEITISH LEADER IN AMERICA
Characteristics ml the Atracgle fa
Ealaad mm tha Cassaafca
that la Plaaa la Thla
Mrs. Emellna Gould Psnkhurst. Usder of
tha militant woman suffrsjrtnts of England,
founder of tha Womm'i BoclsJnd Politi
cal union, prophet and sponsor of that ag
STeaslva form of the woman auffrajre
movement which In England ha lifted the
question of woman'a enfranchisement from
the academic sphere Into the realm of
practical politics, chief of the ahrleklng
. alaterhood of auffragettea who have driven
feaa Into the heart of English statesmen,
most valiant of the Amazons who have
struggled with Iondon Bobbles and most
ealoua of the martyrs who have sewed let
ter bags In Holloway jail, Is In this country
winning advocates to her view that bizarre
and violent methods are needed if women
are to he granted political rights equal to
thosa held by men.
It is about four years since the speakers
at -ft Liberal meeting In England were In
terrupted by a dark-eyed, dark-haired
young woman of 25, who asked, "Are you
going to keep your promises to the women
of England?" So Insistent was she and the
turmoil which ensued was so confusing
that she and Annie Kenney, a factory
'worker from tha north of England, were
taken to Jail for disorderly conduot. The
, young woman was Christabel, the daughter
and ardent disciple of Mrs. Pankhurst
Har Interruption was the beginning of a
careful planned campaign which has cen
tered the attention of the world on the
women who are executing It.
For twenty years the Liberal party in
England . bas bean busily promising all
things to all men and enfranchisement to
' women. It was one of the party's pro
fessed principles until a decided majority
of the masculine votes returned it to of
fice. .With actual power In their hands,
. the leaders of the Liberals seemed In no
haste to redeem their promises to women,
Deputation from various organizations of
women urging tha drafting and passing of
a suffrage bill found ministers and Parlia
ment members too busy to listen to them.
V- Aa Active Campaign.
T ThereuDon members of the older and
more conservative organlzatS;na held meet
Ings and gently bewailed the perfidy of
mankind In particular. Not so the mem
bers of the Woman's Social and Political
union. The union-W. S. P. U. for -abort
had, like the older organizations, supported
tha Liberals. It was a young organization
wblch had held Its first meetings In Mrs.
Pankhurst's parlor In 1903. Even at that
time, Mrs. Pankhurst was known to a cer
tain circle as one of the most ardent work
ers for the cause of women. It was her
husband, an eminent barrister of Man
chester, who drafted the married woman's
act, and It was largely through his efforts
that the bill giving married women control
of their own property was passed. He
was In entire sympathy with his wife
and for thirty years they worked together
for the legal and political .emancipation
of women. Their daughters clever,
young, pretty, athletic, college trained
were bred and born in at atmosphere of
At the time of his death, Mrs. Pank
hurst was In the midst of a municipal
campaign ln which she was leading a
woman . suffrage . agitation, j - Kor tlis
woman suffrage movunusiit Is 'not a ne.v
thing In England, where the women have
been granted the right to vote for every
office save that of member of Parliament.
Even this they claim as an old right which
was theirs until the reform bill of IKii fur
tha first time inserted the word male be
Ever since the late sixties of the nine
tsvnth century, when John Stuart Mill In
troduced the first suffrage 1 HI asking that
this offensive word male be stricken out
so that the suffrage would not be limited
by sex. Parliament has been besieged by
suffragists. It lias received more and
longer petitions .concerning this subject
than any other. Between 1870 and 1SU6, Iho
year marked by the beginning of militant
tactics on the part of the women, .3.000 pe
titions on woman suffrage, one containing
267,000 names, were addressed to the na
r Following the first agitation In the
I National Union ot Suffrage associations
was organised. Mrs. Fawcctt, widow of a
former postmaster, la president of this so
ciety, from which Mrs. Pankhurst wlth-
draw to organize the Woman'a Social and
yi'jlltlcal union. The mere fact that In
England women do enjoy all of the politi
es! ptghi save that of voting for membai
at Parliament allows that the more conser
vative organisation have accomplished
geod. but Mrs. Pankhurst wearied of pas
sive resistance and longed for more drastlo
Army of Twenty Taoasaad
Tho small group of women who followed
har has been steadily augmented until the
Woman's Social and Political union now
has 30,000 member. Ijtst spring, one mon
ster demonstration was made by the suf
fragettes resulted in tha arrest of JO
wotneir. Among these women were artists,
aatreases, Journalists, mill hands, factory
workers and women of birth and breeding.
Mrs. Cobden-Sanderson, daughter of Rlch-
- ard Cobden, the great liberal leader, is
one of those who have served sentences in
Holloway Jail. A favorite question ad
dresaed by the suffragette speakers to an
audtano of worklngmen la "What dp you
think of tha arrest of Richard Cobden'
daughter for demanding har right of cltl-
Mrs. Cobden-Sanderson visited tha United
States last year and while here stated the
policy of tha militants as consisting ot,
first, union of women of ail shades ot
poHUoal thought and of all ranks ej so
etaty on tha single issue of political en
fraaohlsament; second, action independent
ot all political parties of men; third, undl
vldrd attack on the government of tonay,
which, having power to enfranchise women,
omits to do It.
In a suite of thirteen offices at Clem
ent's Inn. aided by a score of women
typists who work without pay, Mrs. Pank
hurst plans this undivided attack. Back
of her desk Is a large blackboard on which
la shown points of attack. Every device is
carefully considered. All the sensational
and fantastic acta which have given the
cause such publicity and resulted In tha
Imprisonment of many women are the re
sult of part of the plan. They are not
spontaneous, though they have subjected
the women to derision and Insult. Tha
London News, writing of Mrs. Pankhurst,
said: "Her extravagances are considered.
They are never touched with the taint of
omethlaa- Doing; All tha Time.
Heckling and harraslng cabinet minis
ters In every possible way In their homes
and In public places; blocking trafflo in
narrosf thoroughfares; chalking "Votes for
Women" on the portals of the homes -f
tha officially prominent; compromising the
dignity of the courts by protests against
man-mads laws; Interrupting meetings;
rushing the House of Commons all these
things are part of the program prepared
by Mrs. Pankhurst and carried out under
her direction by willing lieutenants. Money
Is secured in various ways. It was Chris
tabel Pankhurst's Idea that a week be set
apart for collecting funds. Women stood
on the streets with boxes begging money
as do members of the Salvation Army.
Others have done the work of crossing
sweepers, or played barrel organs. Among
the women who have stood on the streets
and solicited alms for the causa are the
authors Violet Hunt, May Sinclair. Cle
mence Houseman and Evelyn Sharp.
Elizabeth Robins, author of "Coma and
Find Me," and Beatrice Harraden are
active workers. Lady Constance Lytton,
recently released from Holloway Jail be
cause of illness, asked for pen and Ink
while in prison to write her reflections.
When that was refused she pricked her
arm with a pin and tried to write with a
toothpick dipped In the blood - from the
wound. At least, this Is the story con
nected with her name.
Once when the suffragists feared that
they would not be received they are never
welcomed In Parliamentary halls a peeress
was selected to bear their peti
tion, t as she, by reason of her
birth, could not be denied admisMlon to
the House of Commons. Yet Annie Ken
ney, the factory girl, Is one of the best
known workers, as la evidenced In one of
the new street cries for 1909.
A Pen Picture.
The leader of this turbulent jnovement
Is a slight, not i very tall woman of 67,
whose dark hair Is slightly streaked with
gray. Her gray eyes are deeply set. Her
manner Is reserved and rather cold. Edu
cated In Paris, she was a friend of the
daughter of Henri Rochefort and a warm
admirer of the woman revolutionist, Louise
Mlcehl. Her French education Is un
doubtedly responsible for some of her more
radical, republican ideas, yet alia la ex
tremely conservative In many ways. She
has deep respect for tha sanclty of the
marriage tie, is a total abstainer and at
on time waa a vegetarian. Her capacity
for work Is tremendous. It ia said that
sha seldom sleeps more than six hours out
of twenty-four, and she has been known
to get along with but four hours of rest
Bha dresses in conventional garb and la a
Her practical training- In administrative
work was gained In Manchester, where aha
served on the school board, en the board
of guardians for the poor and as registrar
of. births and deaths. Sha lacks personal
magnetism. Is autocratic and has a weak
voice, though she la apt in retort. Her
rather arrogant sway has already resulted
in secession of some followers, who have
organised tha "Women's Freedom league."
Her daughters have been zealous aids to
har causa. Christabel, aged 29, Is consid
ered a beauty. Her vigor aha bas demon
strated In long marches in all kinds of
weather, also In struggle with London
policemen. It was she who originated tha
expedient of chaining herself to a railing
and padlocking her waist Sha has a uni
versity training and la equipped for her
father's profession, though not admitted to
tha bar because of her sex. More emotional
than her mother, aha has tha gift of fiery
speech and the ardor of a priestess In a
religious cause. Her sister, Sylvia, Is more
shrinking, but has served several weeks In
Holloway Jail. Her experiences there led
to an article calling for reform In prison
methods, an practical good may result.
What Has lleen Accomplished.
What have the suffragettes accomplished ?
Mrs. Humphrey Ward, at a meeting of the
"Women's National Anti-Suffrage league,"
held to oppose the work of the suffragists,
said that the mass of the female popula
tion of the British Isles had been unmoved
by the agitation and that "though "th
militant suffragists might rush the House
of Commons, the women antl-suf fraglsts
are strong enough to prevent them from
rushing the constitution."
The suffragettes themselves declare that
by force and passion the political battles
of the past hsve been won. Every exten
sion of the franchise In England has been
granted only when the demand was so
strong that those who already had the
ballot were afraid to refuse the demands
of those wanting It. Before the- reform
bill of 1832 was passed, the duke of Well
ington's windows were smashed. After
the Hyde Park paling had been thrown
down In Sfi6, the rights granted a part of
tha men In 1832 were extended to others
clamoring for them.
Mrs. Pankhurst's followers believe that
the period for academic argument has
passed, that there are no arguments agalntt
granting the franchise to women, that
every argument for democracy Includes
them, that they have the same Interest In
the home and community as men and
need the ballot as men do for protection
from Injustice and as an educational and
developing force. When accused of nar
rowness and pettiness, they cry, "(live us
greater responsibility. That carries with
It enlarged self-respect and a broader out
look." In defense of their eccentric meth
ods they say, "Conventional argument,:
mere decorous talk, would never arouse
tha country. We were compelled to be
either silly or criminal. Men would have
been criminal; wa prefer to be silly."
Mrs. Pankhurst's visit to this country 1
for a double purpose. Money earned from
her lectures will strengthen the cause
which she espouses In England, while it 1b
hoped that her talks will put new vigor
Into the woman's fight for the ballot here.
Irene Byrne Chamberlain In the Voter.
of water as unobserved almost as If they
never existed. They may appear strange
to the Knglih and Americans who go to
Carlsbad, but the natives don't appear to
think them worth while staring at.
Now there are hundreds of Americans
and British who go to the watering place
every season, and It might be thought
that by this time the Bohemians would
be used to their appearance. There is
one thing about them, though, that makes
the natives turn around and siare at the
male visitors from the I'nlted States and
Great Britain. That Is the turned up
What there Is so curious about that Is
hard to say. But the Carlf-hader who
doesn't thlrrk that a man garbed In white
bloomers and wearing shiny boots and a
long white coat is worth a second glance
turns and stsres longhand hard at the
turned up trousers.
If an American wearing his trousers
rolled up goes to the Muhlhiunn or the
Marktbrunn or the Seholossbrunn or any
other of the springs tha little girls who
serve out the water will nudge one another
and make remarks about the trousers. The
hotel servants, who certainly ought to be
used to seeing them, will point them out or
will stare at them as if It were some
strange freak Just let loose. At first the
visitor believes there Is something wrong
with his shoes, but after a while he gets
to know what it Is.
Not alone In Carlsbad Is this the case.
Almost all of Continental Europe finds the
turned up trousers an exciting foreign
characteristic. There was a man who spent
a couple of weeks In Madrid ttiat had the
Idea for n long time that people turned
around and stared after him and looked
hard at his fret because he was wearing
low cut shoes In winter time.
It wasn't until he went to a tailor's to
have his trousers pressed that he found
out what was the subject of curiosity.
The American In question spoke to other
travelers about It, and he soon found out
that they too had noticed It. Folks who
had been In Germany, In France outside
of Paris and In other countries of Europe
all had been made uncomfortable because
of the persistent staring at their trouser
Bee Want Ads are Business Boosters.
A woman Is known by the company she)
Ten to one it's your own fault if lurkr
is against you.
Much so-called oiiglnalily is merely un
detected imitation. '
Ilea a mean man who will an or In
church and keep others aae.
If a man Is both bad and worthless there
Isn't much hope for him.
Any one can make predictions, but few
csn make them stay predicted.
If a man never has any one for a doclof
he hasn't much of a kick coming.
"Aeroplane" Is one of the words prop
erly pronounced with a rising Inflection.
The woman never lived who didn't think
that her husband looked grand In a dress
Every time a modes! girl sees a man,
look In her direction she Imagine ha la
trying to start a flirtation. Chloaga
watib mom itia-T.
We sell over 100 kinds Imported and
American Mineral Watera, and, aa wa ob
tain direct from springs or Importer, can
guarantee rresnneas ana genuineness
Boro Lithla Water, bot, ite: case, $1 00.
Horo Lithla Water, pints., dosen. l la
ces 100. 110.00. '
W are distributing agents In Omaha
for tha eelebreted watera from Escalator
springs. ana sen at following prices:
Kegent. quart bottle, sic; doaeo, ti ll:
case, t bottles, M00. '
Bulho-aiine buart bottle. (c; dosen.
I 1; cans, 10 botUea, It 0.
tluipno-oaune. quart puttie, lie; dosen.
Sotertan. quart bottle. 0e; doaeo, 12.00.
Bolanan. pint Dome, lac; dozen. 1 10.
atoiertaa Olngar Ate. pint bottle, lie:
aoterlan Olngar Ala, quart . bottle, lei
dosen. 1 It.
fiajnond Litna, hair-gallon bottle, etc
c uvsvn, tt.vv.
Crystal Lithla, five-gall
Malt sulphur, five gallon Jugs, each,
Itellvery free to any part of Omaha,
council Diuris or pouin otnana.
JUi.lAJI a sOaOOsTaTXtia. MVS CO,
ion Juga, each.
THOSE TURNEDJJP TROUSERS
Sight that Makes People Stare
In Some Parts of
Carlsbad in Bohemia has annually about
200,000 transient slght8eer, and of late
has received each year about 60,000 persons
more who stay at least the eight day
limit, which puts them Into the class of
the curetakers. These visitors, a quarter
of a million or more, come from almost
every place on earth. Therefore, it is
plain that some eccentricities of costume
are to be observed In the little Bohemian
One day last summer one of the Ameri
can visitors saw on the Muhlbrunnqual a
huge, heavy man whose getup might be
expected to attract attention almost any
where. The man had on a coat that
I reached about half way down his thighs.
It was of soma white material, laced with
broad gold embroidery. In front it was
open, giving a view of a frilled and fluted
The knickerbockers were full, like bloom
ers, and they too were of a white linen,
with some sort of red trimming along the
sides. Thick bulging calves distended the
shiny black "leather boots the man wore.
On his head was a sort of creamy white
turban marked with gold here and there.
Yet in such a garb few turned to look at
Gallclan Jews with alpaca coats reach
ing to tha ground and their faces framed
In tha long curls that come down before
the ears, Turks with fezzes, Greeks in
their somewhat unusual native clothing,
East Indians in long white robes pass
through tha streets sipping their glosses
P"ss M si
3(Tn tiWSrt x Bo
413-15-17 South Sixteenth Street.
LINOLEUM SALE TOMORROW
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50c Printed Linoleums, 2 yards
wide, per square yard
f0o Printed Linoleums, 2 yards
widpY per square yard
67)c Printed Linoleums, 2 yards
wide, per square yard
75c Printed Linoleums, 4 yards
wide, per square yard
90c Inlaid Linoleum
per square yard. .......
$1.25 Inlaid Linoleum
per square yard
$1.50 Inlaid Linoleum
jer square yard
$1.65 Inlaid Linoleum
ler square yard
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