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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 16, 1909)
TIIK BEE: OMAHA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1W!.
'THE oxiaiia Daiiy RrR
FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROSE WATER.
VICTOR ROSEWATJ5R, EDITOR
Entered at Omaha poslofflce second
TERMS OF BUnBCRlPTION.
tly Be (without Sunday), one year. .$4 00
iJaily lee and Sunday, one' rear .)
DELIVERED BT CARRIER.
tilly P.e tlnctadlng Sunday), per week..irc
I'ally He wlthout Bundty), per week.. .10c
Evening (without Sunday), per week 60
Evening He (with Sunday), per week, to
Sunday Bee, one year HM
Saturday Hre, on year 1M
AddreMi all complaint of Irregularities
hi delivery to City Circulation Department
Omaha The Bee Building. '
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, Council B'uffn IB flcott Street.
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' New Tork Roomi 1101-1101 No. 4 West
, . Washington 7M Fourteenth Street, N. W.
Communications relating to news and edi
torial matter should l be addressed: Omaha
, Bee, .Editorial Department.
Remit by draft, eiprcss or postal order
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Only t-cent stamps received In payment of
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; STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
8late of Nebraska Dougias County, s.t
Oeoi g B. Tsacrtack, treasurer of The
Bee Publishing Company, being duly
worn, eays that the actual number of
full and complete copies of The Dally,
Morning Evening and Sunday Be printed
during the month of September. l0i, waa
1....-, i,7o i a,oo
3..... 41.800 17 43,700
1 41,710 II 42,860
4 41.960 II... 40,400
' t 3S,00 0 43,480
' 49,10 1 43,560
t 1 4i,a0 11 43.3M
1 .. 43,000 II 44,640
; k 4M60 24 43,030
10 43,300 Zt 4IM10
11 ...41,70 ' it ....40,300
II 40,000 li7 13,b60
IS 43,140 , 2S..t 43,60
14 43,370 II 44,800
II 4U0 18 43,940
' : Total , 1,863,360
Returned copies ... B.febd
Net total 4 t 1,856,396
Daily average 41,b7
uaunus 0. 1u1.nuv.1v,
Subscribed In my presence and sworn
to before me thla loth day of Seplero
', 10. M. r. WALKER,
! (Seat) Notary Public
kserlbere leavl- ke city tin.
3orarIly saeald have The Be
aall4 to them. Addreaa will be
a aftea mm reqaeated.
! Will lg Dunn take it back and apol
ogise? will a atuck pig squeal?
' ' Our amiable local contemporary
calls Dr. Cook to a showdown. That
settles It. ' . r
Can it be that the formation of a
bull fight trust in Spain forecaata a
rival In the beef trade?
Between imported strlkn agitator?
and Imported rum Dower sounders
there i not much difference.
This Is the last day for the tumult
and the. shouting over, the baaa ball
pennant It has Inspired a season's
record crop of fans.
Anti-Saloon league spokesmen are
proclaiming their dislike of Mayor
"Jim" and his ways. That will not
surprise Mayor '"Jim."
General d'Amade, Just retired from
the French army for- criticising Spain's
conduct In Morocco, should know how
to sympathize' with Mr. Crane.
Omaha again furnishes the presi
dent of the State Federation of
Woman's clubs. Another welcome
sign that Omaha Is still in Nebraska.
The labor orators who keep on In
sisting that the street car ptrlke Is still
on should wake up. Organized labor
has nothing to' gain by lighting phan
British parliamentary circles ire ag
itated over an effort to make divorce
as convenient for the poor as for the
rich. Another blow at the privileges
With the discovery of a governor's
message urging state preservation' of
water power aa far back as 1809, the
conservation policy may hardly be
This "baleful thought of malicious
animal magnetism" that Is being ex
ploited in the Mrs. Stetson-Mrs. EJdy
controversy sort of harks back to the
Salem witchcraft days.
' Morning readings are popular in so
ciety as .the; cool weather advances.
They have bo relation to the breakfast
lectures that maintain a coolness in
some households the year round.
' All good live democrats "who want
to see democratic success" are sum
moned by the local democratic organ
ration to get busy for the Impending
lection. We thought this was a non
fjarttsan campaign ss far as the demo
crats are concerned.
If" Mr. Bryan does not go to the res
cue of Judge Gaynor, the Tammany
candidate heading the democratic
ticket in New York, he will lay himself
liable to another charge of ingratitude,
which is one of the counts Mr. Hearst
brings against him for himself.
A rank prohibitionist is trying to
bait pur old friend, Edgar Howard,
tnto aa open-letter debate on the
liquor Question. , We suggest that
Judge Howard turn the challenge over
to Mr. Bryan, who Is experienced In
aide-stepping undesirable debates.
One good feature In the cotton sit
uation ia that most of the big mills
have such large contract orders ahead
that they do not see how they can
meet the demand of the manufactur
era' association' to curtail proiictlon
until the worst of the winter is iver
Maryland' Color Amendment. i
The constitutional amendment to
eliminate the negro vote, which the
people of - Maryland defeated four
years ago, was less adroitly drawn
than the one for the Identical purpose
whose fate the voters of. the state fire
to determine on November 2, Since
their defeat the democrats have crys
tallized the judgment of their shrewd
est counsellors into an amendment de
signed to avoid the faults of the pre
vious amendment, but their drastic re
quirements for the right of suffrage
have precipitated a campaign which
has split up- their party so that the
fate of the measure is in doubt.
On Its surface the amendment is in
tended to free all whites from the
necessity of educational or property
qualifications, while subjecting all ne
groes to such qualifications. This Is
attempted by stipulating that no per
son shall be entitled to vote unless he
was a voter on January 1, 1869, or
unions he is a foreign-born citizen nat
uralized since that date, or unless he
Is the male descendant of a person in
one of these two classes. These stip
ulations, standing alone, would bar
the negro openly, and the courts woull
lose no time In pronouncing the
amendment unconstitutional, but It is
further provided that any other per-
ttn may vote if he passes certain edu
cational tests or has certain property
qualifications. These are Intended to
be sc severe that in the experience of
Maryland no negro could successfally
The amendment Is tragic for the ne
gro voter, yet it has a humorous ele-
mont as well, for the property pro
vision enables "a person, or the hus
band of a person" who for two years
lias paid taxes on $500 worth of prop
erty to vcte. On the face of It this
would enable any thrifty negro women
who coult produce the necessary, tp.x
receipts to vote, or it would enable a
negro to marry a vote if he could find
a willing woman whose possessions
would aggregate, the required amount.
While democratic advisers are con
fident that the amendment will
eliminate the negro and none other,
and mlf quote President Taft's warning
letter to clinch that argument, the en
tire foreign-born element of the state
has been aroused to the fear that their
franchises are similarly in danger.
The resultant disputes hare carrted
the campaign beyond the original dem
If the amendment be adopted the
democrats may suffer the loss of the
one-party domination they have gained
in other southern states through negro
disfranchisement! for . Maryland does
not face the same fear of negro dom
ination that has ' obtained in states
where similar amendments have been
permitted to remain-unassalled. Only
20 per cent of the entire electorate of
Maryland Is of negro blood, and the
republican leaders- in Baltimore are al
ready prepared, to' get the amendment
before the supreme court' in due form
in case It Is voted. The supreme court
has never yet had the disfranchise
ment of the negro squarely before It;
but if the Maryland amendment comes
up for decision and Is pronounced-tin-constitutional,
with it will doubtless
fill the similar disfranchising amend
ments already in force or projected In
Exploiting Alaskan Besourcei.
It is evident that President Taft's
declarations concerning the futire of
Alaska have stimulated the waiting in
terests to action that shall the; sooner
people the territory and demonstrate
Its readiness for self-government, for
various of the suspended operations in
that country are now reported as tak
ing on a new lease of life. Conspicu
ous among these Is the Alaska Central
railroad, which, now that It has fallen
Into the control of the Morgan inter
ests, will doubtless be completed forth
with into the Tanana country, with a
view to the opening up of the re
sources of a. wide area and the ex
ploitation of the Matanuska coal
It has long been believed that the
success of the read was dependent
upon the ultimate development of the
coal ' resources, and the assurance of
the Morgan people that many millions
are to be expended In Alaska is taken
by the people of the northwest to mean
that the town of Seward is to have a
great smelter and become a center of
activity for the Tanana country and
that it will become the shipping point
for the Matanuska coal deposits, for
which the northwest has long oeon a
The practical entrance of the Mor
gan millions into Alaska cannot but
give a great Impetus to a variety of
Interests which have long sought to
enlist' the service of the prodigious
capital' necessary to conquer the natu
ral obstacles between source of supply
and practicable shipping points.
Smoke Crusades and Coal Economy.
Out of the various crusades now un
der way in American cities to lessen
the smoke nuisance may come a par
tial, .solution of the fuel problem.
Necessarily the chimney belching forth
dense volumes of smoke represents a
waste, but how definite a waste it re
mained for the United States geblog
lcal survey to demonstrate. Its experi
mental station at Pittsburg seems to
have solved the problem of consuming
the cheapest sort of refuse coal with a
maximum of heat and a minimum of
smoke. The survey experimenters
make no. prodigious promises, but
guarantee that by their process of
combustion domestic consumers msy
save 6 per cent of their coal bills and
Industrial consumers 10 per cent.
Inasmuch as the secret of tbe'i sur
vey's success has come through the use
of mechanical stokers, which ari an
expensive equipment except for large
consumers, it Is evident that household
chimneys will continue to smoke so
long as the householder is in a posi
tion to buy coal.' But Upon those in
control of large and progressive plants
this lesson of fuel-saving is not likely
to be entirely wasted. .
The American Amy and Other..
The annual report of Inspector Gen
eral Garllngton, criticising the United
States army in detail, comes at a time
when his recommendations may be
considered with special facility, for
the document is contemporaneous with
that of Captain Langhorne of the cav
alry service giving a practical review
of his studies of armies abroad.
General Garllngton's argument that
necessary legislation for general re
forms in the service would be fostered
by quartering troops in centers of pop
ulation where they would come into
contact with the people is in line with
Captain Langhorne's observation upon
the splendid results obtained in Great
Britain, where the army has be3n pop
ularized by having troops stationed In
Necessarily such a report as General
Garllngton's emphasizes the deficien
cies of the service, most of which, In
his opinion, could be remedied by the
general exercise of common sense, a
commodity that the observing public
had not noticed any especial lack of,
among either officers or men. The
blunt remark will no doubt serve to
stiffen the various posts to a renewed
mastery of the regulations and a sound
Interpretation of them.
A criticism that la evidently Just is
the marking of discontent over the
crippling of commands through the as
signment of officers to detached serv
ice. This would Beem to be a matter
readily remedied by the adjustment of
extra pay among those so assigned and
those upon whom the additional duty
of the absentees may fall. General
Garllngton's recommendation of a
modification of the severity of physical
tests Is so emphatic an endorsement
of the general ' criticism that official
heed of It will, no doubt, be taken with
a view to the adoption of such a sys
tem of general' exercise throughout
the year as he suggests.
While General Garllngton Is stimu
lating the United States service by
pointing out its faults, Captain Lang
horne Institutes comparisons with
armies abroad that may serve for
guidance in the improvement of our
troops. The thing he likes about the
British soldiers is their steadiness and
ability to shoot) aha he considers that
we may well take lessons from them in
their superior rifle Instruction,- the use
of model targets and a practical course
that he considers ahead of any other
nation's. The superb mounting of the
French cavalry and the ease and swing
of the French infantry on the march
gave him an impression of great effi
ciency in campaigning, and an added
cbject lesson was the way In which the,
horse artillery kept up with the cav
alry in a state of readiness over any
ground. German artillery proved a
disappointment and the kaiser's cav
alry troopers lacked evidences of being
true horsemen. The German Infantry
he regarded as a huge machine, mov
ing on reslstlessly, but Us reckless ex
posures in maneuvering he considered
as showing need of marked reform In
case of actual fighting.' The Italian
development of an airship fleet utruck
him aa a marvel for use in coast de
fense In their observations both the In
spector general at home and the cav
Rlry officer abroad show a disposition
to make manifest the faults of our
own service, either as they stand out
by themselves or In comparison with
ether nations. "By their faults ye
shall know them" becomes a doctrine
with a disciplinarian, and the United
States array is so seasoned to the work
that it is sure to cultivate greater
merit as an organization from the
faithful wounds of its friends.
How So They So Itf
The published financial report of
the Commercial club of Lincoln dis
closes some interesting information
and prompts the question. How do they
In Lincoln a special fund is raised
to take care of conventions and visit
ing delegations, and this fund for last
year footed up a total of $7,079.83, of
which 11,644.32 still remained In the
treasury at the end of the year, and of
the amount spent from this fund
$2,778.35 went as secretary's salary
and traveling expenses, making the di
rect money outlay for the entertain
ment of fifteen conventions and meet
ings Just about $2,600 in round fig
ures. Here in Omaha $2,600 would
not take care of the entertainment ex
pense of more than three or four
small meetings, and much more than
that has been frequently spent on a
It goes without saying that the same
organizations content themselves with
much less attention when in Lincoln
than in Omaha. The biggest item in
the Lincoln list of entertainment dis
bursements is that of $650 for the Ne
braska Teachers' association, and the
next, $529 for the meetings of the dif
ferent organised agricultural societies.
The next biggest Item ia $200 for the
Nebraska Bankers' convention, and
nothing else required to exceed $150.
Of course, the work of the Commercial
club in Lincoln, as here of our con
vention bureau, may be, and doubtless
is, supplemented by hospitality ex
tended by individuals, firms and other
clubs and associations. And in Lin
coln, too, the State university and
state institutions furnish a meeting
place without expense.
But, allowing for all that, the Lin
coln exhibit still leaves open to specu
lation the question. How do they do It?
The controversy of which Boston is
now the hub Is not between Cook and
Peary factions, but between the "reg
ulars" and "Insurgents" of the New
England Dahlia society. What they
are fighting about no one at this dls
tance may discern, but the air at
Bunker Hill is thick with petals, and
the noise of projectile bulbs sounds
like the rattle of musketry at Concord
and Lexington. New England's war
of the Dahlias bids fair to become as
celebrated In the annals of horticul
ture as the War of the Roses in the
history of nations.
At least one of the democratic
candidates for supreme Judge Is hot
footing it around the state In total
disregard of the Judicial dignity which
supposedly marks a nonpartisan cam
paign for the bench. Of course, how
ever, it is all right for a nonpartisan
democrat to obliterate the so-called
professional proprieties, but If a re
publican candidate did it it would be
an unpardonable offense.
The official ballot In the New York
municipal election is expected to be
four feet two Inches wide and fifteen
inches long and to be the largest bal
lot ever used anywhere. Perhaps.
Birl the bed sheet ballot which the late
democratic legislature inflicted on Ne
braska voters at our last primary was
quite large enough for us.
A prisoner tortured by being forced
to stay awake four full days in an ef
fort to force him to sign a dictated
confession" Is still resisting police
dictation in an American city. No
wonder Minister Wu 19 complacent
when he hears our criticisms of Chi
The revolt of Governor Marshall of
Indiana against Tom Taggart threat
ens to make the remaining three years
of the governor's term exceedingly in
teresting for the state democracy. But
how ungrateful in the governorl
To set aside any mistake of careless
reading, it should be noted that the
"great face of nature" that so unre
servedly stirred the president's en
thusiasm was that of the Colorado
Canon, with no extra n.
When they consider the halt, lame
and blind hero-generals of history,
those who have difficulty In meeting
the physical requirement.! of modern
army dictators must marvel how times
Weakens at the Finish.
Mr. Taft appears to be quite as much of
a sermonlzer as his Illustrious predecessor,
but his hallelujah lick Is not nearly so pro
Too TVloch of a Good TalaeV
Cleveland Plain. Dealer.
A Nebraska woman Is asking for a di
vorce on the ground that her husband Is
too generous with his kisses. And she rets
them all. No wonder the case Is looked
upon as a domestic novelty.
, That Would Help Some.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Perhaps Cook and Peary will bring down
enough Eskimos to form a couple of base
ball teams that can play all winter. The
real fan who hates to be deprived of his
pleasure during five months or more would
take Issue with those who hold that the
discovery of the pole was of no real prac
In Trnlnln for Con areas.
The president Is half thro'iifh with his
great circuit, and while he still feels confi
dent of his ability to beat all records at
"swinging around the circle," he is looking
forward to a wrestle of a few months with
congress as a piece of recreation that will
enable him to recuperate from his efforts
to get acquainted with the country.
OLD AGE IDLENESS.
Throwing- a Scare Among- Retired
The great number of deaths among re
tired army pr.d navy officers recently is
stirring official circles to an inquiry aa
to the ciure. The belief Is growing that
the enforced Idleness of the old veterans
hastened their end. Cases are cited where
these men have retired at the age of 62
or 64 hale and hearty, and apparently good
for twenty years more of life. Yet In four
or six years they have dropped off. It ap
pears that the average life of these offi
cers after retirement is six years.
Tet army and navy officers are well
prepared to pass with ease the allotted
three score years and ten. Theirs has been
the freedom of the plains and the open
sea, with plenty of exercise and that ab
sence of luxury that undermines the phy
sique. They are grlsiled and hearty when
they retire and could furnish a merry
tUKsle for many a younger man following
the career of a civilian.
But the retired officer has absolutely
nothing to do. After nn aative life of forty
years In service, he is shelved at an age
when he Is beyond the taking up of the
duties which the civilian callings offer. He
Is settled at home on his retired pay, and
there finds nothing to do other than
twiddle his thumbs. This occupantlon la a
poor climax for an active life. It has many
of the mental and physical disadvantages
that are faced by prisoners who are con
fined in Idleness. The mind at best la likely
to turn Inward and dwell upon aliments,
real and Imagined, until the health suffers
as a consequence. The absence of the ac
tive duties of mind and body that have
filled all the days of a lifetime weighs
heavily upon the old warrior.
A physician In a westtrn town recently
made the statement that the retired fanner
died within three years on ' an average.
These brawny sons of toil are making
their fortunes out west by the score and
retiring at the age of GO or thereabouts.
The lives they have led in the open fields
have given them constitutions that are
capable of withstanding almost any hard
ship. But with their money Invested in
mortgages and a sufficient Income to sup
port their families In ease and luxury for
the remainder of their lives,' these men
pine away and die. i ney nave been ac
customed to other things and their
physluuea demand them. Their minds are
not healthy In Idleness. As the unused
plow rusts out when exposed to the
weather, so does the man of activities lose
his vitality when left to stagnate in idle
In Other Lands
Ide XUerita ea VTfcat U Trans.
plrtBf Among the Hear and
Tar BTetloas of tee Sarta.
A significant oulaard calm succeeds the
storm of party clamor following the sus
pension of final action by the Brttsh House
of Commons on the budget. The Interven
tion of King Edward with a view to secur
ing favorable action when the finance bill
reaches the House of Lords next month has
not produced Immediate results. But this
does not foreshadow failure.' The Issues
are too sharply drawn and party passions
too strong to be harmonised In a day or a
week. If the king succeeds In effecting a
compromise In any form between the re
bellious peers and the commoners he will
have bridged the most dangerous political
chasm that has developed during his reign.
The liberals apparently are fully determined
to stand by their guns and have challenged
the peers to do what they have been threat
ening for months. The sentiment of the
ministry was forcibly expressed by Pre
mier Asqulth In his reply to the criticisms
of Lord Rosebery last month. "Amend
ment by the House of Lords Is out of the
question. Rejection by the House of Lords
is equally out of the question. That way
lies revolution." With equal emphasis.
Lloyd Oeorge, chancellor of the exchequer,
a week ago declared: "We are going to
send the bill to the House of Lords and
get all the taxes or none. The lords may
decree a revolution, but the people will di
rect it. If It Is begun, Issues will be raised
that are now little dreamed of, the an
swers to which will be charged with peril
for the order of things which the peers rep
resent." Winston Churchill, president of
the Board of Trade, In a speech last Fri
day, emphasized the views quoted above,
showing substantial unanimity among the
mlnlBters In resisting compromise or amend
ment. Unless King Edward secures some
concessions before the budget Is disposed
of by the House of Commons, the Irritated
peers must choose between a dangerous
fight or Inglorious retreat.
Spokesmen for the entrenched Interests
and buttressed privilege In the British
House of Lords strive to cover the cause
of their angry opposition to the finance
bill by denouncing certain taxing pro
visions aa "socialistic" and "revolution
ary." The latter designation conveys some
truth, though not In the sense Intended
by the aristocracy. The bill Is revolu
tionary In It comprehensive scheme for
reaching the tax shirker. Therein lie the
teeth that cut Inte the cuticle of the land
lords. Other Interests are equally pas
sionate against the taxing provisions of
the bill because of Increased taxation. But
the landlords, the dominant class In the
House of Lords, are touched to the quick
by a real revolutionary scheme of deter
mining land values, for the double pur
pose of direct taxation and the tax on
Increment. Originally the provision pro
vided for assessing the cost of deter
mining the value of all land In the British
Isles on the owners. This plan was aban
doned. As It now stands the government
proposes to spend 110 000 000 In making a
complete record of lands, owner and
values. It would not matter much to the
landlord If the record could be kept out
of reach of county and, municipal asses
sors. These minor functionaries will have
access to the record for their respective
localities and must accept such valua
tion as the mlnlmuti valuation for iocbi
purposes. While In the United States tax-dndglne-
Is confined In the main to per
sons! property. In Qreat Britain land af
fords the best means and the landlords
are nast masters In the art The scheme
embodied In the flnancs bill strikes these
eminently respectable tax dodgers a solar
plexus, and the , knowledge of what Is
coming to them accounts for the extraor
dinary rare among the titled Idlers of
The drift of population from the farm
to the cities noted In Europe and Amorlc
Is a marked feature of the changing life
in Japan. Henry Oeorge, Jr . writing to
Collier's Weekly, r.otes as a result of per
sonal observations that the youth of the
countrv are driven to city workshops and
factories as the only means of escaping the
hcavV and Increasing burden of taxation
Imposed on the products of the soil. Rural
Industry is also menaced by Intensifying
competition, higher standard of living and
the cutting off of responsibility of over
lords. "So." he writes, "out of the misery
of the farming poor, land speculation In
Tokio. Yokohama. Osaka, Kobe. Nagoya
and other cities profited enormously. In
all these places ponulat'on made amaslnglv
rapid Increase. While there Is considerable
scattered sentiment In favor of a small
land-value tax. the political power of the
country is centered In the hsnds of a com
paratively few, and the landed class can.
for the present at least, hold things as
While the youthful shah of Persia, now
In his thirteenth year, Is growing up to
his erownlng age of sixteen, the govern
ment of his troubled country will be In the
hands of a regent, Assad-ul-Mulk, a
bearded prophet of the Kajar tribe and an
eminently honest man, "a somewhat rare
character In Perala." adds a correipondent
of a London weekly. The deposed shah
has been given a llbtra' pension on condi
tion of his taking himself cut of the coun
try. The youncster, meanwhile, Is fitting
himself for the Job cf governing, undor
fklllcd trainers, and ma bo pardoned fur
occasionally mumbling In the lingo of his
tribe, "Everybody works but father."
Chinese duplicity appears to have made
shrrt work of the opium prohibition legisla
tion, and from an account of the working
of the scheme In Laohkow China, published
In the North China Pally News. It seems
probable that the attempt to break the peo
ple of the opium habit will prove unavail
ing. Proclamations were iHsued by the dis
trict magistrate recently to close all opium
dens, the keepers paid a bribe, put the
lounges behind a screen and continued busi
ness as usual. A deputy official was ap
pointed to look after the opium consump
tion and to register the dealers In opium
and the smokers. The deputy and the dis
trict magistrate insued a Joint proclama Ion.
saying that all smokers must' be registered.
A ticket would be Usued to each free of
charge, stating the amount of opium he was
allowed to purchase each day. In three
months' time new tickets will be Issued
reducing the original amount a Utile every
three months, until sero Is reached, when
ihe smoker la not to get any more. The
majority of smokers who register them
selves at all register the amount from five
to ten times more than they ue, conse
quently it will take a long time before
their amounts are reduced to what they
Herr Rudolf Emmerich, a Munich pro
fessor who for some time pant has been
engaged In research work In Ht. Petersburg
cholera hospitals, has satisfied himself by
chemical and spectroscopic analysis of the
accuracy of the theory already propoundod
by him that the fatal agent In this dreaded
Asiatic disease Is free nitrous acid, the for
mation of which Is rendered possible by the
well-known action of bacilli transforming
the nitrates of food into nitrates. "The
new knowledge," writes the professor In
the article In which he announces his con
clusions, "that cholera Is nitrous acid
poisoning gives us a power over the dlsea.
which thus loses Its terrors. This knowl
edge makes safe prophylaxis possible.
Everyone can now protect himself against
an attack of fatal Illness, even when Infec
tion with cholera bacilli has already taken
place. It Is only neOssary to eschew nitro
genous vegetable, cucumbers, radishes,
turnips, potatoes, etc., a well as sausages,
hams, and cured meat containing saltpetre,
and carefully to avoid nitrogenous drinking
water. The treatment of cholera, too, can
be rationally and effectively developed on
the ground of this new knowledge, so that
we can expect from this, at any rate, a
diminution of the mortality."
Congressman Charles E. Townsend Is
pushing his enndidacy for United State
senator In Michigan to succeed Senator
Since the compromise on the streets rail
way war In Cleveland, It is even money
that Tom Johnson will be elected mayor
for the fifth time.
Philadelphia rivals New York In quantity
of the political mud on tap. but the Quaker
city 1 wise enough not to make brass
band flourishes about It.
Tom Taggart proposes Governor Marshall
of Indiana for the democratic presidential
nomination In 1912. He forecasts the race
as Marshall first, Governor Harmon sec
ond and Bryan unplaced.
There ha been an effort to bring out
Lieutenant General MacArthur, retired
now a resident of Wisconsin, as a candi
date to succeed Senator La Follette oi
that state. So far General MacArthui
has not given his consent to such a plan
The three constitutional amendments to
be voted on in Rhode Island Include oiu
which would confer the veto power upon
the governor and, while General Brayton
has not singled It out for special con
demnation, he would rejoice to see it de
feated. James Hamilton Lewis, who wants to
be the next mayor of Chicago, ha had
a varied career In politics. Southerner
by birth and education, he removed to
the state of Washington In 18S8 and In
1892 was a candfdate for governor. He
served one term In congress and was an
unsuccessful candidate for the senate. In
1000 he was a candidate for the vice
presidential nomination before the demo
cratic convention at Kansoa City. Since
1802 Mr. Lewis ha resided In Chicago.
LIBERTY OF THE PRESS.
Importance of Decision of Federal
Jodge la Indiana.
Kansas City Star.
WhoIesomenoKs In public life will be fur
thered by the decision of the federal court
In the Indianapolis New case. The govern
ment was proposing to remove the owners
of the New to Washli gton to stand trial
for criticisms of Panama canal procedure.
In hi decision refusing the government's
request Judge Anderson held that much
latitude should be allowed In newspaper
discussion of public questions and that ,
the newspaper should not be compelled to
defend Itself at a distance from the place
Both point are reasonable and of prime
Importance to the public. Newspapers, of
course, might readily enough refrain from
disousslng public question or criticising
public officials an outcome devoutly de
sired by seekers of special privilege. But
the nation and every community In It I
vitally Interested In preserving the right
of free discussion.
It would be possible for an unscrupu
lous administration to suppress criticism
by forcing newspaper editors to go to
trial In Washington for alleged libel, In
stead of at the place of publication. Such
procedure would Involve heavy expense to
the newspaper concerned and might re
sult In virtual Immunity to the officials
of the government.
Liberty of the press an Idea for which
the founders of this government con
tended strenuously ha lost none of It
Importance In a country overrun by big
Interest asking for something for nothing.
THE TOQUE'S THE THING.
New York World.
Farewell to the Merry Widow lid
That stretched from shore to shore,
Goodby to the huge peach basket hat
Thst looked like a grocery store;
Prolific tropic they've ceased to be
For thj merry quip and Joque,
And In place of their umbrageous shapes
I the twisted, turbaned toque.
The change Pame Fashion ha decreed
Is hailed both near end far
As a boon to man. especially him
Who rides In a bus or car:
But what will the comic artist do
When he ftels Inclined to poque
A little fun at woman's hat
And finds it Is only a toque.
There's one best bet on this fashion thing.
In the change that has taken place
A man won't have to stand on his head
To look at a woman's face;
And he won't have to be a Sherlock Holmes
To know who It was that spoque
As she passed him minus her old disguise
Bedecked In a brlmles toque.
But Hubby and Pa, where do they com In?
Will they weep or smile or rejoice
When they note the price of the "sweet
In the milliner' long Invoice?
Will It make their heart or their pockets
Or will they have to go"brofue?
In hats does the penalty fit the crime?
Will the bill shrink In size like the toque?
While different every year, of course, the over
coats show n decided chance for this season. They
are cut to cling more closely to the neck, with
longer and narrower lapels, and a decided concave
in the shoulder.
They are much fuller in the chest and smaller over
the hips. The old driving coat effect is done away
with, and the much trimmer coat of today is the latest
fashion, both in this country and in England.
In our experience of a great many years we have
never seen better looking overcoats than those we
have put on the backs of satisfied customers bo far
They fit perfectly and have a style that is all
Fall and winter weights, $15 to $45.
The range of fabrics is unlimited, and we hava
half a dozen styles that are, we think, exceptionally
Browninaifing & Cq
Bi K CLOTHING,
E. 8. WILCOa, Manager.
SAID IN FUN.
"f would like might ly to enjoy riches
"Then why don't you try to marry nv;"
"As 1 said, I wan't to enjoy 'em. "Kan.
a City Times.
"That ps:rot In the corner," remark. ,i
the dealer, "Is almost human. "
"It uie la," replltd the customer. "It
does a lot of talking without saying an'
thing." Chicago News.
"I wonder If there are any tree In f,f
"Of couri-e not, silly. What k'nd of
do you suppose would grow there?"
"I thought there might be fir tre
"What did people do before steel
were invented r asaeo: me tracner.
"The pinions of one gooe were
spread the Iplnlons of another, answe . ,
the wise boy at the pedul extremity of tl.,
class. Judge's Library.
"These Joke about going to deep n.
church give me a pain."
"Pon't vou ever leep In ehurchT"
"How do you keep awake?"
"I never go to church, lr!" Cleveland
"The multl-mllllonalre get angry evei v
time anybody applies to him for a little
"Yes. It ofren hannen that swollen
fortunes are very sensitive to the touch."
"Mv new hat 1 a dream," said the fash
"I wish you wouldn't walk In your sleep
to Co ynn shonn'n " answered her hus
band. Chicago Record-Herald.
"And whit." ssVed 'he anxious parent.
"mild you advise In my daurhter's r"''
"Hhe must stop all pmno practice t
nre." ld the phvsldan. firmly. Thla
-eem a stranee cure for a cold h "
Hist be remembered teat the doctor lived
n the next flat. Cleveland Leader.
"Why do rou oMert so seriously to
snshot portraits of vonrself?"
"Recsie " answered Penator Rorghtini,
"thev vlo'ate all recnimlred rules of nro-e-dure.
What rlrht has ny photographer
o tase a man's picture without giving h'tn
"s ot's'nmarv ten minutes' grace to fix
'ils nerVMe. bmsh Ma hair and arrange
nleBnnt amllAf"W,,ilntnti filar.
"Pon't trust that man. . He can't be
""hv can't he?"
"Per-nnse he'a a rounder." Baltimore
TO ) v
For You to Own a
at Kti Outlay of
The wonderful Boudoir,
including free library of
It was bound to come.
buys this new $500.00 high
grade Player-Piano at th jJ
above terms of $2.00 ptr)
ween. Will you come aij
look at itf
a iinnnr nn
1513 DOUGLAS STREET
Made to order In our store October tl.
21, 23, 24 Inclusive, by a Gorman expert.
All work positively guaranteed The only
eatlsfactory way to get th best result
from an artificial eye. Call or writ for
price and full particular.
OX.OBZ OFTIOAZ. CO
BIS Mo. lta St,
FURNISHINGS AND HATS,
AMD DOUGLAS 8THEET8,
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