Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 11, 1909, Image 1

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    The Omaha Daily Bee
The Omaha dee
la th moat powerful busings
Itetter Id th went, bwiuM It gog
to tbe homes of poor and rich.
For Nebraska ColJr.
For Iowa Colder.
For weather report aoe pane S.
ptin it Falling at Detroit ,( v
casier uives no tncoura
for a Letup.
Pittsburg: Flayers, Contrary to Expe
tations, Come to Detroit Sunday.
Easy Victory of Saturday Gives Them
Added Confidence.
Detroit Will Use Either Bummers or
Mullln and Plttabnrg Probably
Either Adams or Maddoi,
bat Nothing Certain.
UETROIT. Mich., Oct. lO.-The chances
of playing the third same of the world'!
championship aeries between Pittsburg and
Detroit hero tomorrow are extremely
'doubtful, because of a heavy rain that
began shortly after noon and continued
without intermission for hour. According
to the local forecaster, the rain will con
tinue ateadlly all night and possibly all
day tomorrow. The rain may be steady
tomorrow or may come In showers and
there will be brisk winds to accompany It.
Wlilla the Infield at Bennett park In
protected by an Immense tarpaulin and
a game may be possible If the rain stops
tomorrow morning, there Is little likelihood
of Its being played. This will put the
Detroit games over until Tuesday and
Woesday and will delay' the next game
atl ttsburg until Thursday.
A the rain Is said to be general over
the country, there Is also a chance that
the stay In Detroit may be prolonged be
yond even Wednesday.
The Pittsburg and Detroit teams arrived
here today on the National commission's
special train. Manager Clarke of Pitts
burg derided to bring his champions over
last night Instead of waiting until this
morning, as he originally intended. The
nttsburg headquarters were established
at the Pontchartraln hotel. The majority
of the Pittsburg supporters will not ar
rive until tomorrow morning, but there Is
a sprinkling of them here now.
Detroit's Hopes nan High.
ine uetrolt team arrived at an early
hour, but there were some enthusiasts on
hand to give Jennings and his men a few
oheers as they drove through the streets
In automobiles. Jennings wore a happy
smile and there was a general air of con
fidence among the Detroit players. Their
decisive defeat of Pittsburg Saturday has
causod a marked rise In their hopes, as
they are certain Summers and Mullln will
win their games.
ll mere is a game tomorrow the De
troit cnalre ot-pitchers .will probably lie
between Mulllii anal Hummers. If It la
a dark day Jennings will likely use Mul
lin because of the veteran's great spend,
which will be doubly effective In the
darkness. Bummers may be given a chance
if the conditions are more favorable, as
he warmed up In excellent' shape before
Saturdays game when Jennings chose
manager wiai'Ke. rerusea to make any
prediction as to his selection of a twlrler,
but he Intimated that his choice would
probably be between Aditma and Maddox.
The youngster from the American associa
tion did so well In the opening battle that
there Is a good chance he may be sent
back. Great Interest will be added to the
game If the two pitchers who did such
excellent work In the opening game were
sent In.
The return of the Iwo teams,' each with
a victory to Its credit, has aroused the
Interest here to a fever heat. Predictions
are being made freely that the crowd at
the first game here will beat all records
for world's series In this city. All the
reserved seats were sold soon after the
sale opened and thousands have been un
Vl'le to get them.
,Ttie' National commission la scheduled
to hold a meeting here tomorrow and It
Is expected soma action will be taken on
the Murphy-Pfeffer case. The commis
sion has twice postponed action on this
case, but It is likely It will be setttled to
Concerted Effort to Stop Practice of
"Ages nasal nv( on Railroad
CHICAOO, Oct 10. Following the re
markable record made last year by at
least half a dosen of the largeet railroad
systems In the country In not killing a
alngle passenger, five state railroad com
missions and several of the railwayano
tably the Pennsylvsnla. have Instituted a
vigorous campaign against trespaaslng on
railroad property.
The commissions Interested In the move
ment are those of Illinois. Indiana. Wis
consin, Michigan and Ohio, and It was an
nounced here today that In all these states
more rigid laws will be urged against
stealing rides on trains and trespassing
cn railroad property.
The state commissioners have statistics
showing that In ten years a total of 47.411
persons who were trespassers on railroad
property were killed by trains.
The killed were tramps and men using
railroad tracks as thoroughfares.
City Still Unsanitary In Unite
Kfforta of Japanese to ( Iran
It In.
SI50UL. Oct. 11. Cholera threatens to be
come seriously epidemic here. The authori
ties are taking every precaution, but Seoul
Is not a sanitary city and the disease has
spread rapidly. The palace of the ex-om-peror
has been Invaded, and the home of
the resident general has not been Immune.
The sohools are closed regularly for fumi
gation. t
For a year, the sanitary authorities ap
pointed by the Japanese resident general,
have been cleaning up the city, but only
those who have gone Into the alleys and
byways of Seoul can know the uncleanil
ness ot the place. Two yeara ago cholera
nould have swept Seoul, as the city then
was without drainage of any kind. The
rain waa the only scavenger. Now there
la reasonably good water supply, and
some kind of operetta drains have been
Hundred Years
Church Activity
to Be Observed
Fifty Thousand People Expected to
Attend the Christian Church
. 'SBURG. Pa.. Oct. 10. - What Is
will be the largest religious cele
on and convention ever held In this
.ountry will begin here tomorrow when
the International centennial celebration and
conventions of the Disciples of Christ
(Christian churches), convenes. Three ses
sions will be held dally until October 19.
It Is estimated that fully 50.000 delegates
and visitors from all parts of the world
will be In attendance. So large Is the con
vention that It has been divided Into three
parts and meetings will he held simul
taneously In the Oakland Methodist Kpls
copal' church, Carnegie Music hall and
Luna park.
The preparations have been going on
for the last four years In perfecting the
arrangements for the centennial and dur
ing the next week men prominent In every
walk of life will come here and address
the various meetings.
One of the noteworthy events will be the
launching of a missionary steamer In the
Allegheny river. After the ceremony the
boat will be dismantled and shipped to the
River Nile, whero it will be used to carry
on the missionary work of the Christian
A majority of the delegates and visitors
are lodged In private residences In Pitts
burg and a great many of them are being
given room and board free of charge. In
this connection it was found necessary to
fit up a large downtown .building formerly
used as a department store, with cots. In
an endeavor to Immediately take care of
the visitors upon their nnlval In the city.
Big Reception
for Gompers
Thirty Thousand Laboring Men Ex
pected to Be in Line at
WASHINGTON, Oct. 10. As a tribute
to the home-coming from abroad of Presi
dent Samuel Gompers of the American
Federation of Labor, one of the most
representative gatherings of organised
labor ever assembled In this country will
welcome him. To signalize his return ar
rangements were completed today for a
mammoth parade of organised labor and
a reception In his honor. Participating In
the parade, which Mr. Gompers will head,
will be more than 30,000 laboring men, and
at the reception at Convention hall will
be assembled International officers of labor
bodies, the executive council of the Feder
ation, government officials, delegates from
labor bodies from all parts of this country,
from Canada, and even from Cuba.
President Gompers will arrive here at
o'clock pext Tuesday evening, when
he will bo met at the station by. a com
mittee of flvo and esuorted to a hotet to
await the start of the parade at 7 o'clock.
Btjartlng at the Peace monument, the
route will be on Pennsylvania avenue to
Fifteenth and G streets, where a halt will
be made until Mr. Gompers can ascend to
a hotel veranda to review the parade,
which will proceed up New York avenue
to Convention hall and there disperse.
At the hall a reception will be held and
addresses will be made by District Com
missioner West. Commissioner I.ane and
Secretary Mosely of the Interstate Com
merce oommisslon, Becretary Morrison of
the Federation and John Mitchell.
Czar to Visit
King of Italy
Utmost Secrecy Observed as to Where
the Two Sovereigns Will
ROME. Oct. 10. It Is expected that Em
peror Nicholas of Russia will visit King
Emanual within a week. Slgnor Melegarl,
tbe Italian ambassador to Russia, already
has returned to Italy In- ojrder to receive
iian reiurnea 10 naiy in- oraer to receive
hi. majesty. The strictest secrecy Is being
maintained a. to where the meeting be-
, ,., . . . ,, ....
tween the emperor and king will take
plaoe.'-hut It probably will be at Racoonlgl,
the summer castle In Piedmont, where the
Italian sovereigns this year have made a
prolonged stay. According to some persons
It will occur at Barl, on the Adriatic,
northwest of Brlndtsl, whloh Is rich in Rus
sian memories.
The Empress Alexandria, who still Is 111,
will not accompany her husband to Italy.
Emperor Nicholas abandoned the Ideatof
a voyage to Italy by sea because Turlcey
granted permission for his ship to pass
through the Dardanelles only on the condi
tion that he would visit the sultan, while
the emperor took the ground that under
the rules of precedence the sultan, having
ascended the throne at a later date than
llmself, should be the first to pay a visit.
St. Charles Aaraln Plays It Is the
Capital of the Commonwealth
and Haa a Legislature.
ST. CHARLES, Mo.. Oct. 10-Thls city
the first capital of Missouri, begins the
celebration cf Its centennial tomorrow with
an elaborate program of entertainment. The
state legislature will be called to order
Tuesday In the old, weather-beaten build
ing which It occupied years ago.
Six parades have been arranged for the
benefit of the vlsltora. Governor Had
ley, Congressman Champ Clark and Sena
tor Warner will be the principal speakers
during the week.
Florida City Sees Real
Blue Sunday for Once
PENSACOLA. Fla., Oct. 10. Today was
blue Sunday In Pensaoola, the Law and
Order league enforcing the Florida laws
parsed fifty years ago, relating to Sunday
law violations, to the letter. Not even a
newspaper or cigar could be purchased,
while those housekeepers who failed to
provide themselves with bread and neg
lected their marketing Saturday had to
rely upon restaurants for thtlr Sunday
Reason for His Sudden Eecall on
Ere of Sailing Has Leaked
Paper Prints Confidential Matter Re
garding Position of Government.
Conference with Secretary Knox Will
Settle His Status.
Arrival at Washington States He
Does Not Know Why He Waa
Summoned to the
WASHINGTON, Oct. 10. Charles R.
Crane's sudden, unexpected and hitherto
mysterious recall to Washington by Secre
tary of State Knox, as he was at the point
of sailing from Pan Francisco to assume
his duties as minister of the United States
to China, was occasioned by developments
Involving the question of Mr. Crane's fit
ness for that post. This much Is known
tonight In well Informed quarters In Wash
ington. Unless Mr. Crane Is able to clear
himself In the eyes of Secretary Knox of
an accusation of a serious breach of what
the State department regards as the first
principle of diplomatic discretion- the con
ference with his official chief may result
In the abrupt termination of Mr. Crane's
connection with the diplomatic service.
Minister Crane arrived in Washington
late this afternoon from his hurried Journey
across the continent, reiterating his declar
atlon of Ignorance as to the' occasion for
his rather dramatic call from the waters'
edge of the Pacific, and declined to discuss
the matter In any of Its aspects, beyond
saying that while he expected to be here
several days, he had reserved new accom
modations for the transpacific voyage on
the steamer sailing from San l-'ranclsco on
October 20, a week from next Wednesday.
The State department has In hand. It Is
raid, what It regards as more or less con
vincing evidence that Minister Crane, on
the eve of his departure for the far east,
became responsible for the publication In
a Chicago newspaper of what the depart
ment views as a most Indiscreet discussion
of the attitude of the United States toward
the . two treaties recently negotiated be
tween China and Japan. This the depart
ment holds to havo been the more serious
because that attitude Is still under con
fidential consideration, no decision having
been arrived at.
What Tronble la Abont.
While the speeches delivered by Mr.
Crane before the American Asiatic asso
ciation and at a dinner given In his honor
at Chicago, are viewed at the State de
partment as having been at best, unwise
and undiplomatic, they had been carefully
considered after their delivery and before
Mr. Crane started for San Francisco, and
although deprecated were not regarded
as Justifying any change In his plans.
The Chicago publication falls, however,
In the eyes of the department. Into a cate
gory very different and far more serious.
China and Japan early last month en
tered Into treaties which contained pro
visions regarded by the State department
as very surprising and posslMy objection
able to this government. By these treaties
Japan would secure tights In Manchuria
which are held by some diplomats to be In
direct violation of both the letter and
spirit of the Portsmouth treaty. China has
agreed In the treaties now under consider
ation, that before extending the present
railway system In Manchuria, It shall con
sult Japan, and, presumably, obtain Its
consent thereto. This provision Is regarded
as Inharmonious with the declaration of
Japan In the treaty of Portsmouth that it
will not obstruct any measures taken by
China for the development of Its empire.
Violate Open Door.
Another provision relating to the opera
tion of coal mines on both sides of the
Antung-Mukden and South Manchurlan
railway, It is thought, may be objectlon-
-K1 . . ., t ' ...
t " v of h- ,.?vernm1ent .." V olat,n '
! ' "Pn door " '"''ted
, by the United States and subscribed to by
Japan as well as by all of the leading
powers of Europe. This "open door policy"
is Intended to assure "equal opportunities"
to all nations to assist In the development
of China without Impairing Its territorial
Integrity. '
Matters of a highly confidential nature
with respect to the position of the United
States regarding these and other provisions
of the treaties between China and Japan
are alleged to have been divulged In the
Chicago publication and for these dis
closures the State department is disposed
In the absence of proof to the contrary,
to hold Minister Crane responsible. Accord
ing to authentic Information obtained here
today, ' Mr. Crane has been summoned to
Washington from San Francisco to explain
his reported statements.
The officials of the State department are
extremely reticent on the whole subject,
most of them affecting entire Ignorance of
It, and all referring inquirers to Secretary
Kncx. who. up to a late hour tonight was
Ir accessible. Meanwhile tomorrow's de
velopments are awaited with an Interest
which may fairly be described as Intense.
Crane Sees Knoa.
Late tonight It became known that dur
ing the evening Mr. Crane had had a
"preliminary conference" with Secretary
Knox and Henry M. Hoyt, special counsel
to the secretary.
When Mr. Crane returned to his hotel
(Continued on Second Page.)
Meat markets, bakeries, fruit atands,
cigar stands, book and newspaper stores,
theaters and other classes of business here
tofore wide open kept closed.
One man deflett the laws and the league
a theater proprietor who opened his
doers this afternoon and ran uninterrupted
I'ntil ths closing hour tonight.
Ths sheriff, however, refused to act In
making arrests unless members of the Law
snd Order league make affidavits, then he
will arrest upon warrants only.
From the Washington Herald.
Captures the Name and Emblem of
the New Hearst Party.
His Campaign Manaarer Says Neither
Name Nor Emblem la Material
to His Candidacy for the
NEW YORK. Oct. 10. Already enlivened
by two Tammany tickets and the re-
entrance of William Randolph Hearst as
candidate for mayor, the local political
campaign will be marked with a crescendo
this week which will be maintained until
the grand finals on election day, Novem
ber 1
The speechmaklng. whidi began last
week with democratic and republican rati
fication meetings, will become general to
morrow 'night, when Hearst will appear
before a raasa , meeting . In . Caroegle hall
to formally accept' the., nomination of his
new party and to outline the platform upon
which he will make the race.
The latest "Issue" of the campaign Is
Tammany's kidnaping or attempted ab
duction, at least, of the title,, "civic al
liance," and th! emblems thereof consti
tuting the new pnrty designation under
which the Independents had rallied to the
support of Heurst. As a result of this
move, the democratic ticket may appear
under the emblems of three different
parties on the official ballot, the straight
democratic, the old Independence league,
recently captured at the primaries, and
lastly, the new civic alliance. While Hearst
may yet qualify under an altogether new
party name, the coup. If successful, ulti
mately w-lll give Tammany a 3 to 1 ad
vantage In the matter of publicity on the
ballot and will doubtless cause some con
fusion to voters In the Tiger's Interest.
The final retention of the "civic alliance"
as a Tammany title, however. Is a legal
question which must be settled this week.
MoC'nrren Tnrns Trick.
For this latest plan to disconcert the
Hearst followcts. Charles F. Murphy, the
Tammany leader, has to thank State
Senator Patrick H. McCarren, the demo
cratic leader of Rrooklyn. It was while
the promoters of Hearst's candidacy were
getting signatures to put their ticket In
the field under the name of "civic al
liance," that the Rrooklyn senator, accord
ing to reports, hod his lieutenants at work
on a similar document, except that demo
cratic candidates were substituted for the
Hearst ticket.
Just before 3 o'clock Saturday afternoon
three of McCarren's men rushed Into Ue
offlco of the president of the board of
elections In New York and unfolded a
petition by "Independent voters." who had
adopted the name of "civic alliance," but
who named the democratic candidates.
Nineteen minutes later a Hearst lieu
tenant also appeared with a petition, name
and emblem of the civic alliance.
Since neither petition had more than
fifty signatures they were not complete,
for the law requires 2.0U0 names. In case
both the McCarrenltes and the Hearst fol
lowers complete the list of names, It Is a
case for the Hoard of Elections to decide.
Charles K. Gehrlng, who Is Hearst's po
litical manager, said he w&a not at all put
out by the scheme. He was positive that
Hearst's rights had been fully protected by
the filing of name and emblem with the
Sfcretary of state at Albany on Friday.
Hearst's representatives will appear to
morrow before the Board of Klectlons tu
protest formally, and It Is said they will
carry the case to the courts, If necesnary.
"Anyway," said Mr. Gehrlng, "It won't
(Continued on Second Page.)
Now is the time
to pick up a bar
gain in a used auto
mobile. At this season many people
who do not want to carry their
ear through the winter try to
sell them. .
Many of them are advertised on
the Want Ad page under tbe head
of "AutomoMlea."
Have you read the want ads
yet toda.vf
suuilaiUMineiaSiMjiiiiiiti'lliinii"'"'""'""''"''''"''' ' ""
Indian Race is
Not on Decline
in This Country
Statistics Show There Are Forty
Thousand More Than Two
Decades Ago.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 10-The popular Idea
that the American Indians arc decreasing
In number Is dissipated by official figures
showing that today there are more than
300.000 red men In the United States.
The Increase In population of about 40,000
during the last two decades Is attributed
to the government's constant effort to up
lift the Indian to the level of contemporary
civilization. Three and one-third million
dollars Is being expended by the United
States annually for the education of more
than 30,000 Indian boys and girls.
To encourage the Industry of the Indian,
the government has found feasible the
plan to cut down the number of approved
leases on mllan .allotments, and thousands
of Indians have become competent to con
duct their own affairs free from .govern
mental aid. During the present year' the
'eases approved numbered about 1,000 less
than during 190S. During 13OT about 1.000
Indians were given the privilege of, hold
ing their own allotments, although the
legal title was retained by the government.
Tubllc men whose work has brought them
Into close touch with the Indians are Im
pressed with the view that the race is pro
gressing so rapidly, that eventually the
gox-ernment will lift Its guardianship over
them. Before his retirement from office,
former Indian Commissioner Leupp as
serted that the Indians at no far distant
date would reach such a standard of civil
ization that It would be deemed wlBe to
abolish the Indian office. .
Special and Immediate Attention to
Re Paid to Social foc
. tlons.
PERIGUEUX, France, Oct. 10. The first
Important speech of M.- Ralrd since he at
tached the premiership, was made here to
day and was characterized by great mod
eration. He announced that the govern
ment would pay special and Immediate at
tention to social questions, Its first care be
ing to remodel Hhe laws of the trades un
ions, giving them the right to hold and ad
minister property, thus transforming them
from political agitation centers Into useful
and practical bodies. M. Rrland also prom
ised legislation to facilitate and promote
the participation of workers In the profits,
which, under the law at present. Is im
darns Money by Washing and Gives
Sixty Dollars to Mission
i Fond.
NEW YORK, Oct. 10. Although she ekes
out a living by taking In washing, Mrs.
Sophia Llchtcnfield contributed S60 today
at the annual convention of the Christian
Missionary alliance, which Is being held at
the Gospel Tabernacle in this city. Urged
by Rev. A. B. Slmson, famous as a collector
of funds for the church work, the, crowd In
the Tabernacle pledged a total of Jtf.,072 for
the annual "missionary offerings," St. 80S of
which was in cash.
The contributions pledged ranged all the
way from 50 cents to $7,M0. None of the
individual contributors' names, excepting
Mis. Lichtenf ield's. n as made public.
lteelnse Found ordered.
WALLING FORI), Vt., Oct. 10. Watched
over by fourteen cats, vhlrh were her
only companions in life, the body of Miss
Mary J. Johnson, 87 years old. was found
today In her lonely home under circum
stances Indicating murder. Robbery Is
the only suspected motive. An autopsy
has been ordered by the authorities. Fond
of rats, so that their care became her
hobby, and seemingly her only interest in
thn world. Miss Johnson had lived the life
of a recluse for years.
City Comes to the Rescue
of the Owners of Big Hats
CHICAGO. Oct. 10. In order that the
women of Evanston, III., may wear the
prialling styles of gigantic millinery In
t'ne shaded thoroughfares of the city In
safety and comfort Joueph K. Paden, mayor
of the city, has ordered the enforcement
of an ordinance providing fur the trimming
of treea and shrubbery overhanging the
Two Notable Events Scheduled for
His Tour of Lone Star State.
Will Spend gome Time Resting; i
the Ranch of His Urother and
See a Town Kamed After
. SAN ANTONIO, Tex., Oct. 10,-Presldent
Taft's -Journey through Texas, beginning
October IS and ending October 24, opens
with the most formal of all the affairs that
have characterized his swing around ths
United States. At the border of the largest
state in the union, he will greet the presl
dent of another republic. He will Just
shake hands with President Diss of Mexico
on the Texas side of the Rio Grande.
After an all-day stay at El Paso, the
president starts on another long Jump, Ban
Antonio being his next stop,' and there he
Is to accept on behalf of the United States
army g magnificent chapel and library
ouildlng, the gift of San Antonlans, as an
appreciation of the American soldier.
, Following a day's visit in San Antonio
th nro.M.nt 'will IxavA fnr hlM hmlhpr'l
v "
ranch at Corpus Chrlstl for four days of
rest. Then hf will make, In quick succes
sion, stops at Houston and Dallas, on his
way to St. Louis.
Texas will uphold its end In the way of
breakfasts, luncheons and banquets, and
the president should find much diversion,
because of the varied and Interesting fea
tures of the Texan program.
.On his brother's ranch the president and
members ot his party will have the oppor
tunlty to relax after their strenuous trip.
Formalities will he eliminated as far as
possible when the president goes ranching.
On the ranch he is expected to Join In a
hunt for wildcats.
Town Named for Hint.
He will visit for the first time the town
of Taft, named In his honor which now has
a population of GOO.
The climax feature of the 13,000-mile tour
of President Taft comes at El Paso, where
he will meet the executive of the Mexican
republic. General Porfirlo Diaz. For the
first time during his long reign as the presl
dent of Mexico, Diaz is to leave the con
fines of his domain, cross the Rio Grande
river at El Paso, and there set foot on
foreign soil. It required a special conces
sion from the Mexican congress In order
that the Illustrious Mexican might giusp
the hand of the man mho has been honored
with thu highest office of the United Stales.
Eleven o'clock Is the hour set for the
meeting of the two presidents on American
territory. Preceding that hour there will
be some, formal ceremonies, Including the
singing of both ths American and Mexican
anthems by hundreds of children stationed
on this side of the boundary of the two
countries. There will be salutes for these
high dignitaries, In which the armies of
both republics will participate.
Soldiers to The Border.
From San Antonio, more than 600 miles
east of El Paso, where Is located one of
the large military garrisons of this coun
try, will come to the border In ten trains,
the Ninth Infantry, which has a magnifi
cent war record, the Third regiment of
cavalry, one-half of the Third field artillery
regiment, the signal corps and the hospital
corps. Their number will be augmented at
El l'aso by the Nineteenth Infantry from
Fort Hllss. These troops, under command
of Brigadier General Albert L. Myer, will
stand at attention on the bank of the river,
facing Mexico, while General Diaz Is cross
ing to United States, where he will re
ceive the presidential salute. Mexican
troops. In similar formation and on their
home territory, will accord like honor to
President Taft while he Is visiting Mexico.
Immediately after President Diaz returns
to his country, the troops brought from
Ssn Antonio will board trains for their illa
tion and prepare for the great review for
(Continued on Second Page.)
Because of many complaints to the mayor
from fashionable women of Evanston that
limbs of trees Slid low hanging shrubbery
caused them great annoyance and were re.
sponsible In many cases for serious damage
to costly hats, the condition was brought
to the attention of the council and the
chief of police was ordered to remove the
limbs hanging within eight feet of the
For the Third Time Darin; His
Present Trip the President
Preaches a Sermon.
Security of Government Cannot Exist
Without It.
Express Best Wishes for Both the
President and Nation.
I. o Angeles, Where the President
Arrives This Morning;, la Prepar
ing; to OtTe Him Great
FRESNO. Cel.. Oct. 10.-Fiom the snow
capped Sierras yesterday President Taft
plunged today Into the summer heat of
the Snn Joaquin valley and arrived here
shortly after 3 p. m. with the thermometer
hovering about the nineties. He was
greeted by the entire population of the
city and surrounding country snd after
a short automobile trip through the busi
ness section, addressed a gathering of
many thousands In the court house square.
The president's speech was in reality
another Sunday sermon, the third he has
prenchod since his trip began. His text,
quoted from memory, was "He who con
ciuereth himself Is greater than he who
taketh a city," and from It the president
drew the lesson that popular government
must always be - a failure unless It Is
based upon sound common sense and the
belief In restraint that oges to make the
good loser. He drew an analogy between
the American people In this respect and
those who In their attempt at self-government
follow an election with a revolution.
On his way here President Taft stopped
at Merced for three houra and attended
morning service at tho Presbyterian
His greeting at Fresno came from prob
ably the most cosmoiKilltim community he
has met In all his travels. In the throngs
that lined the sidewalks a comming
ling of Chinese, Japanese, Armenlnns, Por
tuguese and a dozen other nationalities.
In fact. It waa told to the president that
In one of the public schools twenty-six
nationalities are represented. One-half of
the Armenians of the entire community
are said to be gathered here.
Having the reputation of being the hot
test city In the United States, with a
summer temperature ramtlng between 10J
and 115 degrees, Fresno haa attracted many
peoples of the world who follow the sun.
Greetings from Japanese.
A feature of the president's visit to
Fresno was the presentation of an addreca
of good will from the Japanese residents
as follows: ...
Pre8llcnt We. the Jnpanese residents
of hresno city and sutrounding country
have the great honor to offer to you our
sincere and most friendly greetings and to
accord you a most Joyous welcome to our
community. We hall you. sir, as the hon
ored chief of a great nation which we are
glad Is on the friendliest terms with ours,
and wo ulso rejoice that our beloved coun
try, Japan, has the honor and great privi
lege of recrlprocating such fraternal re
gards. The president left here at 6:20 p. m. for
Los Angeles. Ho stopped at Bakersfteld
tonight for a few minutes to make a car
end address.
Mr. Taft was a little stiff from his long
mountain walk of yesterday, but declared
he would like to have a similar experience
every day.
The meeting held In the court house
square was arranged by the Ministerial as
sociation of Fresno, and nearly all of tha
churches of the city were represented. The
president spoke for the first time since last
Wednesday noon. He was Introduced by
Mayor Howell, and aald, In part:
Forced to Torn Preacher.
"It has nol been my part until I began
this trip. In religious exercises, to do other
than form one of the audience; but I hav
found It impossible under the urgency of
the ministers of the gospel who occasion
ally desire a lay substitute to keep from
taking their place and attempting to preach
a sermon. ,
"I want to say first, with respect to this
audience, that the presence of the veterans
of the civil war is always a great Inspira
tion to higher thoughts, to higher moral
standards and to everything that goes to
make our country worth living for.
"There Is a text, I don't know that I can
quote It exactly, but to these gentlemen
before me who have taken part In the bat
tles of the war It will come by reason of
Its comparison, with great significance: 'He
that conquereth himself Is greater than he
who taketh a city.'
"Now, the homely application to the in
dividual of that text I need hardly to point.
There are so many Instances In little things.
I like to dwell upon the importance of
little things In life, for life Is not made up
of one great series of grandstand plays.
It Is made up of the little things that go
either to make others happy or to make
them unhappy.
"It Is the conduct of the husband as he
comes home from a tiresome day, In re
drawing himself when he Is met by his
eager, curious wife, who wants to know
how he has been living during the day
and what haa happened. Perhaps some
thing has happened thru does not please
him or that he does not like to refer to
and he cuts her off with a short answer.
Oh, I know It, and so do you. You have
done It. So have I Now. It Is the over
coming of that disposition, the keeping
constantly In your mind and heart her
happiness and yet your comfort and your
disposition. That is what makes you
greater than taking a city.
Liberty Menna to an End.
"But I am supposed to look at things
from a polltlral and governmental stand
point, and the text applies to ms more
strongly In that regard. I think we fre
quently mistake ends for means. We talk
about liberty as something to be accom
plished as sn end. We think of popular
government as something to bs accom
plished as an end. Well, neither Is true.
Liberty is a means In the pursuit of hap
plnefs. Popular government we have be
cause we believe In the long run that It
gives the best government, that It Is the
government that makes most people happy,
"Rut you cannot run a popular govern
ment merely by calling It no. You have got
to have some means of determining what
shall dlrei t ths course of government; mhat
shall decide; what Is the majority. I don't
know any other msthod In popular gov