Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 11, 1909, NEWS SECTION, Page 7, Image 7

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To September Sales Special Saving Interest to Saturday Shoppers
JUo , : .;. : ,
Ladies9 Hose
Fine Imported Lisles, to 50c val
ues, in allover lap, lace boot,
silk embroidered or plain gauze
nil colors, all sites .regular
- made aud full fashioned big
gest snap ever, . J 9c
Children's School Hose Heavy
or fine ribbed, values up to 25c,
at 12y2C
$3 Hair Switches, $1
All new, perfect goods, in 18 to
2G-inch lengths, are heavy 3
strand and worth $1.50, $2.00
. to $3.(X); choice Saturday, at,
each .....$1.00
We'll save you 25 to 33r0
on all Hair Goods.
Immense Blanket
We positively assert that we
show three times more blankets
than any other house west of
Chicago. We sell more hotel and
rooming houses than all the
other stores combined. We sell
3316 to 50 cheaper than any
other house and we can prove
this by the best hotels.
The Mill We Represent:
The' St. Mary'B Mills.
Th North' SUr Mills.
The Beacon Mills.
Tho,J4orth Carolina Mills.
The Macon Mills, Georgia. .
The Ohio Blanket Mills.
Tho Pasadena Mills. California.
The Conners Sutton; New York.
The Thos. Kelly, New York,
The Anjorjr Brown 6 Co.
The La Porte Mills of Indiana, and
several other mills too numerous to
mention. .
Prices, Cotton. . .2"J. each to SU.fin
" ooi, pair.KJi.i55 to 940.IKJ
v;um in ana examine.
Handkerchiefs Sat-
urday al Just Half
15c fancy embroidered Handker
chiefs 12 H
15c all Unen Handkerchiefs 7Ht
10c Initial, also linen Handker
chiefs '. . . . 5
Sc Children's Handkerchiefs 2h
Buy School and Holiday Hand
kerchiefs now.
25c Ribbons 12ic
All sizes of wide, all silk taf
feta ribbon; Sat- Aj
nrday at the one I olj
price, per yard. . . -'
Books at Less
All $1.50 Copyrights. . ,98c
All $1.00 Copyrights. . .43c
Special sale on all kinds of
Tablets at SVaC Up.
50c New Neckwear
A new line of fancy Dutch
Collars just re
ceived; regular
50o values, at . '.
Yoar Every
Wish can be
Supplied from Our Imrawiw
Showing of New Fall Styles.
Choicest qualities and color
ings at lowest possible prices
Ladies' 2 class kid glores, all
sizes, new fall Shades, values
to $1.60 pair, your choice,
Imported French Kid Gloves,
all most wanted colors;
every pair guaranteed
values to 3.00, special Sat
urday, pair $1.40 and $2
Men's Fall Neckvjear 25c-t 9c
Vtlutt up to 50c, if
Tljey're manufacturer's
samples; all choice patterns
and colors big snap.
Griffon Brand Shirts Sam
ples and odd lots, all styles,
all sizes; best patterns and
colors made to sell from
$1.00 to $3.00
at. $1.50, 08c and G9c
Men's 50c Sox 15c Manu
facturer's sample lines, big
gest bargain proposition
ever; values to 50o a pair;
Saturday, 15c and 12Vc
A splendid new line Sweater
Coats exceptional values;
at... $2.50, $1.98, OSc
See the Beautiful Fall Millinery Styles
WE SAVE YOU 25 PER CENT Trimmed and untrlmmed shapes
All the new trimmings are here. All millinery marked In plain
A Matchless Display of Fait Garment Styles Moderately Priced
The choicest of the early autumn suit, coat, skirt and waist styles are here ready for your inspec
tion and selection. Utmost care has been exercised. in the' selection and the result is an assortment in
widely contrasting fabrics stylishly correct and displaying in the most captivating manner the fash
ions that are most favored and combining highest quality with delightful low prices. The values are
a surprise to most appreciative friends.
We are proud of our full display of the ever justly popular CROWN JEWEL SUITS at $25.00.
They're more beautiful than ever the favorite of all at the price. All most wanted fabrics and color
ings, with 42 to 48-inch satin lined coats, worth $35.00.
Scores of most charming Tailor
Suit Styles Delightful values
and most complete assortments
shown in the city, at prices
$30.00, $35.00 to $65.00
See the Beautiful New Jersey
Top Dresses One of the Fall
season's most popular styles
at ......$29.75 to $40.00
New Covert and Broadcloth
Coats, all late fall styles, at
$10.00 $12.50 to $35.00
Children's Winter Coats All
the new style ideas; on sale
at. ..$2.98 to $15.00
Amagnificent showing of chil
dren's Dresses All sizes; orj
sale at from . .49c to $5.00
$20.00 and $25.00 TAILOR
SUITS $12.50 A manufac
turer's stock, secured at a
great bargain comes in
serges, diagonals, English
tweeda, etc, in clever new
designs, 42 to 46-inch satin
lined coats, new pleated
skirts, all sizes and nearly
all the new shades, made to
sell at $20.00 and $25.00
your choice $ ,! 50
Saturday, i Jr
at. '. , . . ....
$12.50 for your choice of a big
stock of beautiful Silk and
Wool Dresses newest designs
and colors, actual values up to
. $25.00. . ,
Women's Silk Waists Regular
values to $5.00; at $2.98
Long Challie Kimonos Beauti-
. ful designs; $15.00 values; your
choice 98c
Long Silk Kimonos Choicest
'. patterns and colorings, $5.00
values, choice . . .' $2.95
Dress Skirts in panamas and
serges, regular $7.50 values, at,
choice $4.95
This Special Grocery Sale Is for Saturday Only ,
Tit HlghtH Quality ind Frtthttt Good's it fht lowtst Prices , ,
JO lars .best brands laundry soapSSo
Bromangeion, jellycon or Jello. .f Vo
l -pound can assorted soups
Condensed milk
.'. .SO
Argo starch. pkg
Quaker wheat flakes, pk. ..
Ail kinds corn flakes, pkg
7 he he fit domestic macaroni.,.
Rex lye, per can J . l '.
i pkg. Uneeda biscuit. .
Choice California prunes, lb.'
- 5 pound can fancy sweet corn
3 pound can golden pumpkin, hominy.
Squash or baked beans THO
1 pounds best sold dust asparagus,
- at 1 150
The beet soda or .oyster crackers,
per pound So
The best' crisp pretzels, or finger
snaps, per pound ..So
auTTsm euro CKxxaa baxb. .
ir.nrv No- 1 creamery butter, lb. too
Fancy dairy butter, ib. . .84o
Fancy full cream cheese., lb. , : . .1.80 r
Fancy britk or Llmburger cheese,
; per lb. , , , . .V., .80 .
Neufchattel cheese, each .........So
I bunchef ' If rash "beets v . . So 1
bunches fresh radishes i.Be'
heads fresh lettuce So
L heads fresh cabbage Bo
bunches salsify and oyster plant lOo
rge egg plant, each So
Fresh cauliflower, per lb 10c
I, summer squash Bo
4 bunches fresh pie plant , ...1...B0
Fresh apples, per peck IBo
1 bunches fresh celery .Bo
Large baskets fancy California peers
or peaches, per basket S5c
Large baaksts Muscat grapes SOo
Large baskets Tokay grapes . ...Oo
Jelly grapes, per basket l?Ho
Jelly plums, per basket 8S0
M. M Wl W :
see nnr r
mmWlnd0Wm-it SI If
Display m w
Imported Willow Clothes Basket 49c
Mrs. Pott's Nlekle plated irons, set . .6Do
Quart Indexed tomato cans, do. ....SOo
Rolls toilet paper (3 for 2Sc kind) , ,S6o
fOc Parlor brooms, on sale for aoo
Wire ooat hangers, on sale, each ..lo
Large cold handled frying pans lOo
'The old reliable square western washer,
at ...I 83.TB
The. old reliable round western washer,
at .. s.t
The Typhoon washer, worth $10.00; you
. can alt down while washing with It.
Three year guaranteed' wringer, the 'fam
ous 'Domestic, worth 14. 6, on sale now,
at ; ... as.00
$8.00 stave side heavy 20 gallon garbage
cans, only , Sl.Bg
16 gallon S1.88
12 gallon SEO
14 quart enameled dish pans IBa
Carpenters' $1.00 bench hatchet BSo
2 foot Stanley box rules ...Bo
Dlsston's saw, IX grade SJLSB
Yankee automatic drill or driver. .. .Se
China Department Specials
$90.00 Beoorated Dianas Set 100 .
piece Bavarian China, on sale Sat
urday, at , S11.B8
Slop Jraro Handled and covered.. 4Jo
Boroelala Kanglsf Bait Boxes . . 10a
Decorated individual butter dishes,
dosen ..So
T piece colonial water act Mo
SeoorateA Cuspidors IBs
Badio BiokleA Beading Z.amps A 100
candle power white light, comrlet
with tripod and, 10 Inch shU. ,
Don-tforget TRY HAYDEN'S FIRST "py
Big Sale-
of School Shoes
Starting at $1.00 we have
the greatest line of school
shoes in the city and nil at
prices 'within the reach of
your poeketbook.'
II. W. Merriam & Co. school
shoes, worth $2.50 and $2.00
button or lace on sale
at $2.00 and $1.C5
Boys' and youths' school
shoes, at $2.25, $1.75,
$1.50 and $1.19
Child's school shoes, $1.50,
$1.00 and 75c
Infants' shoes, worth up to
$1.15, at 69C
Big sale of men's fine shoes,
in Goodyear welt soles, pat
ent colt, vici kid, gun metal
and box calf leathers all
new styles, and made by
good factories, worth up to
$5.00 in three big lots, at
$3.00, $2.50 and $1.98
Women's shoes, worth up to
$4.00, in patent colt, gun
metal button and bluohers,
vici kid, lace and button
two lots:.. $2.50, $1.98
Men's 75c house slippers, in
velvet, plush and imitation
alligator, also a women's
kid 3-point house slipper
worth' 75c, at ........ . 50c
The new fall Grover and
Queen Quality shoes for wo
men, and the Stetson and
Crossett shoes for men are
No better shoes for the
price. Buy a pair and get
the best.
Extra Specials in Our Busy
Drug Department
11. SO Oriental Cream 91.08
26c Rublfoam 19o
26c Dr. B. L, Oravea or Sanltol tooth
powder, for lao
26o Face powders, large asortment,
any kind .IBs
I cans best talcum powder ,,..8Bo
1 bottles regular 25c hydrogen per
oxide, for . t 88o
60c posionl's or Java rlca powder 83o
iOo Locust Blossom perfume, per
ounce 88o
13.00 Simplex Bhoulder Braces ..8149
S2.26 Syringe and bottle, guaranteed
for five yeara 81.78
$1.76 Fountain syringe 81.8B
SI. 40 Fountain syringe 8o
5c Hot Water Bottles BOo
26o Automlsera 86o
96o Family bulb syringes BOo
Also many other specials, which
will be marked by Counter Bale
Extra Special la
ues on Sheets and
Pillow Cases
In Our High Grade Unen
Department Saturday
(0 dozen, size 81x90 sheets, seamless
extra heavy three Inch hem, well
made, worth 76c, Saturday, each,
at BOo
60 dozen sheets, else 72x90, made of
same material, also aeamleas, heavy
and durable, worth 69c, Saturday,
each . 48o
100 dosen pillow cases, medium else,
very heavy muslin, the best case
ever offered for the money, worth
17c, Saturday, each UVte
One case crocheted bed spreads, full
alse, cut corners, heavy fringe, mar
sellles patterns; good value at $3.!5
Baturday, each 88.60)
STorthernmoit Habitable' Land Occu-
v piei Most Unique Position.
Noted Gennaa Explorer Gives Imter
tla lafersaattoa Wkleh Ha Has
Gathered A boat Life I'ader
Arctic Stales.
rrof. Otto Nordenskjold, a noted arctle
explorer, writing In the Deutsche Revue,
Three an Informing and Interesting view of
the polar regions, their animal Ufa, scenery,
tho way they are and have been exploited.
and how they ought really to be utilised,
to. Spitsbergen. In particular, occupies
Ills attertloni Interest In that Island has
recently been revived through the pros
pect of utilizing the coal fields; besides.
Its peculiar soenlc beauties attract many
tourists, who, with our present traveling
facilities, can make the journey both com-
Ifortably and Safely.
; It la a peculiar phenomenon that the
cold and coldest seas actually harbor snore
Slfa than the warmer ones. Wo know that
tha polar waters abound In fish. The great
sites the coast or Norway, Iceland,
l-nd Newfoundland are not. It la true.
arctlo regions, but they are nearly so. In
tho cold seas. too. wa find In
vreater abundance than elsewhere the
giants of the present animal world
p-whales: and a great number of
varieties of these creatures aie either
'bolly polar or are at least most frequently
set In the moderately cold seas. Seals,
too, may be termed arctlo aalmals; not a
alngle species of these la found - In the
Y waters of warmer regions. And, finally. It
to the rich, faunal life of the aeaa that
' furnishes sustenance to the oouotless
flocks of aeablrds Inhabiting: the arctle
l ead Devoid at Life.
If the polar seas teem with life, the same
eannot be said of the polar lands, and
Until very recently they served men, and
birds and seals as well, chiefly aa a foot
fcold for uttllilng the products of the sea.
"In our times repeated expeditions with
purely Ideal alma have been undertaken to
these lonely lands, and a more recent
phenomenon la the tourists who repair In
all H was practical enda that first and
jT foremost enticed people to those lands."
Spitsbergen Is of all polar lands the on
f ar " irvui mi wiumi m present
Hi elicited the moat attention. Although
In the very heart of the arctlo regions, the
lf' ,1 group lies, quite near to Euiope and
t:.i tu'if stream makes It much more acces-
.mv nther Islands In the north
r.i x .. is hlioiv. tco. offers far greater
; lit;r.c-i than lhat of other polar eouotiiea.
Ui,a wrKerr
Although dlsoovered by the Dutch In U8
Its real history, dates from 1007, tha time
of the visit of Hudson, who first acquainted
the world with the natural wealth of Spits
bergen. There were, first of all. the great,
easily destroyed Greenland whales, with
their abundance- of blubber, which are' so
valuable oven today. Then a veritable In
vasion followed; whole fleets gathered
these, and localities were founded, soma e(
which had several thousand Inhabitants
during tho summer, The glory, however,
lasted only about fifty years. The hard
pressed whatea retreated to remoter parts
and the seala were not valuable enough
to entice such large numbers of people.
Very lately taunting, now for tha hump
back whale, from permanent bases, haa
flourished anew. But It almost seems aa If
thla would not last, and It ta very doubtful
whether It la economically profitable. It
appeara as If Instead a vast field In an en
tirely different arctlo sphere were to be
opened today for this sort of whale cap
ture, and that la tha antartto regions. Btnoe
about ten years ago hunting whales from
the southern point of South America haa
been resumed. Blnoe they are very numer
ous In the southern aeaa and permanent
baeea are scant, the danger of extl notion
Is still remote there. The same may be
said of the aeals of tha south.
Caaatry Wltfcowt Oe vera neat.
Spitsbergen, this German writer reminds
us, ta a land without aa owner, and laws
for ' It would have to be enaoted
by International agreement But the
case la different with most of the
other ertlo and antartla tslanda The
companies operating there from perma
nent atailona bare consequently resolved
government concessions.
A quite different position from that of
tha arctlo countries just under considera
tion ta occupied by Greenland. The largest.
and neat to Spitsbergen, the most Im
portant and meet discussed polar land,
It forma a very small continent whose
southern point projects Into the temperate
Mid a "splendidly wild nature,'' In a
narrow atrip lying between the greatest
lee-raasa of tha northern hemisphere and
an ocean almost loe-frec for many months
of the year, realdea a group of tha only
polar people of the globe the Eskimos.
Belonging to Denmark, really and cot only
In name, alnoc for oenturleo competition
from outside baa been suloUy debarred,
tho object of thla aeolualon haa, indeed.
been attained. Thanks to It. perhaps, the
Beklmea continue to exist today: at any
rate, they owe to It their comparatively
pleasant mode of life. How far It has
benefited them economically la a different
question. At all events, the Danish gov
ernment aaa organised a special trafflo
with tho native, buying the products of
the country In exchange for clothing, uten
sils, provisions, eta. The trade used to be
quite profitable, but at present Denmark
la a considerable locer '
foliar Fare Ate Valcablc
The splendid while skin af the polar
bear of Greenland, 'however, Is a highly
prised ornament; the skin of the arctlo
fox la still more so. Less valuable are
the- reindeer, but as they are found In
large herd and their meat la edible, they
too, are profitable to the hunter. They
and soma .other kinds of animals were
eagerly hunted long after tha golden days
of tha whale-hunt had ceased. - Although
at present the chase has considerably dim
inished, the. hunt for the arctic fox and
tha collecting of eiderdown are still con
tinued, while the polar bears and the wal
rus have shared the fate of the Greenland
whale, and except In the extremest north
are rare visitors to the coast.
Only a few yeara ago Spitsbergen aroused
a general Interest, and colonisation has as
sumed a new phase. In the first place
tourist-travel extends now. to the remote
polar Islands; pasaaga to strange lands is
at present accomplished with a safety and
ease undreamed of in former days.
Xorikera Travel Safe.
One Unconquerable Foe is the Long
Right's Monotony.
Wbat Life Is Like When the Mercery
Stops at Fifty' Below Zero and
Walras Meat ts a Dinner
. Delicacy.
The feeling alone that one is far re
moved from all civilisation, from regions
governed by tha laws of human society,
entirely alona with nature, has something
alluring in It. And what a nature! Highty
mountain spurs, rising from their eternal
mantle of loe; icy streams filling the val
leys and projecting far into the ocean.
Wondrously beautiful days, with the In
tense blue and white, when during the
summer tha sun never sets; while a con
trast in the depths of the fiords a smil
ing green on the mountain alopeb. The
Immense flocks of the most varied sea
birds, the magnificent swarms of eider
ducks, tha reindeer, which in spite of be
ing hunted alnoc centuries have not learned
to fear man and shun him all this .must
Involuntarily enchain the lntereet of every
lover of nature. Beeldea the beauties of
nature and the animal' world, Spitsbergen
has a new attraction In Ita coal mine.
Coal Is found in great quantities, and is
now readily accessible from the fiords. Its
quality and the extent of the deposits have
long been known, but the idea of utilising
It haa been entertalntd only of late. The
coal formation is recent and not of the
best quality, but the greatest obstaole Is
offered by the polar conditions. Imagine
a country shut off seven or eight months
from ths rest of the world, a night lasting
three months, and tha winter storms and
cold of tho polar regions!"
Two aspects, then the accession of tour
ists and the mining of coal, have lately
drawn attention te Spitsbergen so strongly
that the situation' haa developed Into a
political question which must be solved by
diplomacy. It is evident from what haa
already beea aald that if advancement pro
ceeds as it baa done some order must be
Introduced. Not a few nations, therefore,
ar turning their gase upon Spitsbergen;
and a diplomatic conference, it Is stated, ts
ta ba held shortly to discuss Spitsbergen's
Quirk Action for Tour Money Tdu get
that by using The Bee advertising columns.
It Is not all trouble and privation on tho
road toward the north pole. One explorer
has said that the beauty of one spring day,
particularly at sunrise, pays for week, of
toll and cold in the Arotio circle. Even the
bright moonlight of the long winter night,
disturbed by terrified creaklngs and crashes
of moving Ice amid a desolation vhat gives
to every sound undne potency, has Its ar
tistic compensation for sustenance of eal
or walrus flesh, for clothes frozen so stiff
that they oan stand .alone, for continual
struggles to keep soul and body together.
That spring day, which every Arctlo ad
venturer describes In outbursts of poetic
prof e what a pity some real poet has not
been there to recount Its beauties In verse.
Is something to be remembered in the
lonely nights which come afterward. To
get the full benefit of the beauties spring
nature affords, one must be out of bed ,
early. IX Is just before the sun rises, and
just after, that the wilderness of snow and
ice la garbed in Its fairest radiance.
Pausing for a long time ere It cornea Into
view over the horizon the sun casts upon
the myriads of light clouds and mist in its
path the most delicate tints of gray, purple,
pink, rose and mauve. At Intervals tha
variety of color Is broken by solid lakes
of gold. On tha snow and the glaciers and
the Ice floes, too, as well aa overhead, are
reflected the glancing colors. Mountains of
Ice assume fantastic shapes, and for aoores
of miles the landscape ta a auocoaslon of
variously shaped mirrors of light, changing
from one hue to the other ao rapidly that
the eye cannot keep pace with them.
While you watoh and wonder, up comes
the sun, suddenly. The dazzling variety
gives place to a steady flow of brilliantly
whltlsh-blus light. Sky and snow take on
a bluish hus. The Arctic explorers aver
that Arctic anow is never pure white. Most
of them have described It rather aa blue
Dr. Frederick A. Cook, whose dash to ths
pols has directed attention anew upon
northern exploration, told of purple tints
farther north than any o bis predecessors
had gone. Perhaps his purple is the old
blue, from the different view-point. Be
sides, it was winter when Dr. Cook fixed
tha color aa purple, and that may account
for the difference between his snow and
that of the perfect spring day.
Under tne Blncst Skies.
On such, a day ta continue the ploture
the sky ta even bluer over the land of Ice
than tha most famed blue sky of ths
tropic. And below Is evident quite as
much of the joy of life. Hundreds of thou
sands of birds, with lnoessant chattering,
greet the aun from their rocky perches.
Clinging to the cliffs, bared by the partial
melting of winter's loe, are lichens of vivid
red, white, gray and black. Down In the
sheltered places, even, are the gay blossoms
of the far north Arotio buttercups, Arotio
popples, and many others, covering the
ground ' with a carpet of purples, greens,
and browns.
There are barren regions to be sure; but
none of a barrenness to bs oompared with
a tropical desert, Until the winter comes
around again tha Arctic explorer for the
most part Is In the midst of natural won
ders unsurpassed anywhere.
Then comes the desolate autumn, fore
runner of the long night, and when this
night has settled down upon htm the real
troubles of the explorer begin. No more
sunrises, no more birds, no sight of flow
era. The cold Is a minor ill. He becomes
accustomed to that, learna how to fight
It. What he cannot grow to Ilka Is the
monotony, the drearlnees, the long time of
waiting before morning, while the Ice pres
sure shrieks and whistles and squeals and
the winds howl a dismal acoompanlmant to
the winter lights' flashes.
Though ho may .be In a secure camp or
living with friendly Eaklmos, "there Is
nothing but monotony. At tha hour that
should be midday It is aa dark as mid
night. For his dally exercise he gropes.
After December 22, the longest day of the
year, ha counts the hours until his lot will
be to bask in the sunlight at midnight.
In the next Arctlo summer; to eat his
breakfast at 10 p. m. and to go to bed at
10. a. m. For most explorers the winter Is
merely a aeason of looking forward to
prlrlg and summer. Dr. Cook ordered hit
travels differently, after advancing the
theory that it would be easier to reach
the pole over the unbroken ice atretches
of tha night season.
Cem forts an tha Ice fua.
Thla Is what life is like for the man who
venturea from warmer clime Into the far
north: Inside the camp hut, with a fire
always burning, possible comforts approx
imate those of home. The same Is true
when you are Ice blocked on your ship,
well supplied with provisions or are a
guest of the Eskimos. If you are merely
waiting for daylight the only trouble , to
be met ia the occasional, or perhaps fre
quent, venture to the outer air. The tem
perature Inside Is 70 degrees tFahr.). Out
side It Is minus 60 degrees, may be lower,
rarely much higher until spring. When you
emerge you must pile c your furs to keep
off evil effects from the change. Having
learned how to d.o this, you find life
healthy. One British sxplorer gslned twenty-five
pounds In a winter with the Eski
mosand wanted to go back for another
daah northward beyond the line of human
habitation, that the explorer Buffers. How
ever experienced or hardy he may be, he
must endure much. In the first place, there
is a big load to be carried. Though he
may rely on killing game enough for food,
he must carry fuel not for the purpose o
cooking his iood, which ha could eat raw;
but fire- la absolutely necessary for get
ting water, Tha lea must b melted In
aoma other way than by sucking It; that
would blister the lips and probably injure
the digestive machinery. As a matter ot
fact, most of the food Is cooked, ao long as
the fuel Is not too low.
Blnce the main object is to lessen ths
weight of the equipment, the fuel used is
alcohol or petroleum. It Is treasured care
fully, every drop of It. The stov In which
It is burned Is a specially constructed,
closed affair, which is covered with cloth
ing or blankets to keep In the heat and
bar out the cold while meals are being
In n Tent of Bilk.
The sledgers' camp under silk tents. AH
the men of the party, covered with furs.
lie close together through the night iO
keep each other warm. In recent years
European and American seekers for the
pole have adopted the policy of lighten
ing their burdens to the lowest limit,
learning much from tha Eskimos about
maintenance without an extraordinary
number of furs or heavy tents, and about
methods of finding game Instead of lugging
a vast amount of food over the Ice flelOs.
The result has been a cutting In the ex
penses of preparing for polar expeditions.
Keeping food In a condition regarded as
fit by civilized nations Is next to Impos
slble In the arctic region. Minced meat
freezes until It haa to bs disintegrated
with hatchets. Syrup grows so hard that
It cannot -be broken at all. Bread be
comes filled with ice particles. Baoon cuts
like leather. The butter falls away in hard
chips. The whisky is milky. The tobacco
breaks up until it is a fine powder, like
snuff, and a pipe smoker must draw con
tinually If hs wants to keep the tube from.
When Frltjof Nansen was making his
fifteen-months' sledging trip with Captain
Johansen, he recorded in a dairy tha ob
stacle that had been met my him, as well
as by previous explorers. The pressure
ridges, over which the two men had to
clamber, dragging their loaded sledges
after rhem, were continuous from the time
they bade farewell to the little steamship
Fram. Occasionally they had brood ex
panses of flat ire, but more often series of
uneven hillocks.
Nansen bad hardly a day without some
mishap. Among the trivial annoyance
was the piercing of a bag of flour by a
jagged bit of ice; the men had to stop a
whole hour while they gathered up the
precious food. Another time their odom
eter the machine for recording distances
walked waa broken In an Ice jam. Then
they missed one of their dogs and spent
a flay going back to look for It, only to
I find the animal so sick that they turned
It is on the sledge Journey, which has) t loose. Their clothes froze 'at night. "If
come to be the chief test in the mnJrii w had only been abla to get tbeo "
wrote Nansen, "they could hava'stood by.
themselves, and they cracked audibly
every time w moved." A frozen sleeve
cut a gash In his wrist that left him
soarred for life.
Arctic Game.
It waa not long before they reached tha
stage where they had to kill some ot their
dogs, and the flesh -waa offered to tha
other animals. At first tha faithful crea
tures were supperless rather than eat their
team mates; later they, overcame tha re
pulsion, devouring hair and all.
Meeting; a Polnr Benr.
When Nansen and his cnmnanlnns were
nearing ' Fran Josef Land, where they
spent a winter living on walrus and seal
meat in a nut. tney found themselves in the
midst of the worst series ot Ice pressure
ridges encountered anywhere. "It wa aa
If some riant had hurled down enormous
blocks pellmell. with water underneath,"
said Nansen. There were deep pools be
tween the blocks. Jumping from one to an
other, they pulled their sledges labor
iously. On each sleeve waa a hnaA
(kayak) for crossing the open water ahead.
besides their camp equipment, and what
was left of their provisions and fuel., Aa
they were hearing the end Of the rough
ice, they were attacked by a great bear,,
which Nanaen shot, after it had slapped
Johansen and two dogs.
A large number of native birds have been
seen, but never accurately classified, a to
habits and. history. k Examples are; Ross'
tH mwA Dakln.1. v.. 11 JPk.u I- .
reason to believe that numerous other
species haye not even yielded ona specimen
to the collector In the Ice-eovered region.
The variety of Arctlo animals, too, Is ex.
tensive, jd maybe others are still to be
found. It was comoaratlvely recently
that the muskox half sheep and half ox
was located. Once upon a tlma he flour
ished In temperate area of Europe,
American and Aala, but now hi only
habitat 1 the frozen north. Other four
footed creatures peculiar to tha region ar
the Arctic fox, reindeer, glutton, lemming.
and varieties of ths wolf and erlne. The
alliance between these northern animal
and their envlrenment la perhaps more
marked than In any other part ef the
earth. The conspicuous example of this Is
the polar bear, whoie coat is w'hlte in win
ter and turns to motely, ragged yellow
when tha summer season has , dulled tha
color of the snow, so that at all season
he Is aided by the surroundings In creeping
upon hi prey.
There are S.200,000 aquare miles In the
geographical area known as ths Polar re
gion. Much of It has been explored, map
ped, and Inhabited, but little ha been ex
plored geologically with any thoroughneaa.
For months In winter the sun Is below the
horizon, leaving the region In continuous
night. For months In summer, tb fun
never sets, thaugh the heat it yields la
not strong enough to melt all the lc of
the preceding winter. The longest day la
latitude 70 degrees is two months; hs
latitude W degrees, three mor.ths. At tha
pole, there should be two days In the year,
each about six months lung. The tem
perature recorded by Dr. Cook was tha
lo est ever taken. New Turk. Post. t