Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 10, 1909, Image 1

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    The Omaha Daily Bee
Is th most powerful business
getter In the went, because It goes
to the homei of. poor and rich.
For Nebraska Generally fain,
For Iowa Oenerally fair.
For weather report Bee page 5.
Commander is Still at Battle Harbor
and No Farther Word Hat
Come from Him.
He Will Sail for New York from
Christianaand Saturday.
Vnirtnitj of Copenhagen Makei
plorer Doctor of Science.
United States Coast aad Geodetic Jar.
7 Offlco Offer to Check Ip
NstM of the Two
The two explorers upon whom the world's
eye has been fixed during the last few days
spent the day busily preparing for their
advance to the United Btatee. Cook, tn
Copenhagen, announced that ha had defin
itely arranged to salt next Saturday on the
Oscar II for New York City. Peary, ac
cording to fragmentary wireless reports,
was still delayed at Battle Harbor, Labra
L dor, probably either awaiting the comple-
7 tlon of repairs to the Roosevelt or the
arrival of coal.
Dr. Cook appeared today at a high offi
cial function. The University of Copen
hagen conferred upon him the degree of
8. C. D. (dootor of science), thereby recog
nising. It was pointed out by his friends.
In a Important official manner, his claim
to the discovery of the pole. Dr. Cook
has cancelled his engagement to lecture
before the Geographical society of Brusael
and will' reach New York about September
20 or 1L
. Captain Roald ' Amundsen will probably
accompany him.
Dr. Cook's plan to send a ship from
Copenhagen to Greeland to bring back to
civilization his two Eskimo companions on
his exploration trip will not be carried out
until next year. Danish officials have In
formed him that It Is now. too lata In the
season for a trip to Etah. The expedition,
It Is stated, will be made early next spring.
In scientific circles, both In America and
to be to await direct word from both ex
plorers before arriving at a conclusion as
to their respective achievements and, al
though a belligerent attitude was still pro
served In the two camps, open hostilities
were largely suspended.
Herbert L. Urtdgman, Peary's chief
backer, reached Sydney, C. B., today and
airs. Peary, who will also meet the ex
plorer at Sydney, sailed from Portland on
her way north early today. Both expect
to greet Commander. Peary on Saturday,
although the long and thus far unex
plained delay' at Battle harbor may make
necessary a change in their puma.
Foreign comment as sxpressed by the
London ond other metropolitan Journals,
while still highly wrought with mingled
enthusiasm and,, doubt, Is beginning to be
tinged with flippancy and scorn. The
trend of this foreign comment appears to
be against Cook, the prevailing view be
ing that Judgment goes against him by
default, tn non-presentation of hla corrob
orative evidence. On the other hand, hla
champions insist that all this will be forth
coming in due course and at the proper
time. Concerning Peary, the foreign atti
tude appears to be one of accepting with
out question his announcement of reaching
tho pole, although there is atUl a reserve
of judgment on hla accusation as to Cook's
claim of having reached there also.
Dr. Cook Coming Homo.
COPENHAGEN, Sept. . Dr. Frederick
A. Cook will aall from Chrlstlansand Sat'
u relay morning on board the Scandinavian-
American liner, Oscar II. for New York,
where It Is due about September 20 or
21. Probably- Captain Roald Amundsen
will accompany him. Dr. Cook will leave
here tomorrow night for Christian Band.
He has abandoned his proposed visit to
Brussels on the advioo of friends. The
explorer la spending tho night at Count
I Holstoln's cimtle. With him are Dr. Egan,
tho American minister, and Miss Egan.
Dr. Cook today asked the officials of the
Danish Greenland administration to ar
range for the dispatch of one of their boats
to Greenland at his expense to get the two
Eskimos, who aocompanled him to the
polo. Tho officials stated that It Is now
too late In the season for such an attempt
and advised him that he must wait for
spring, which he will do. He proposed to
Gould Hrokaw. who Is herei with his yacht
Ketlera that they make a start for Green
land Immediately, but Brokaw would not
agree to this.
Payers fall of Controversy,
The Copenhagen papers are full of the
controversy. Almost all of them support
Dr. Cook's claims, but throw no new light
un the subject. Captain Amundsen Is one
of the strongest supporters of the explorer,
who la now backed up by Dr. Edward Bay,
the zoologist of tho expedition under Cap
tain Sverdrup In the Kram In U08-1UU3. On
that expedition Captain Sverdrup mad
highly Important 'scientific investigations
and It was over the. route mapped by
Sverdrup that Cook made its journey
norths ard.
Dr. Bay. today .had a long interview with
Dr. Cook, at the conclusion of which he
said that while at first ho had doubled
Cook's story, he was now certain of (Is
truth so far as the route claimed to be
taken was concerned. Dr. Cook, ho said.
gave him accurate descriptions of places
and things which no other whit man ex
cept Kay had over soon.
Dr. Bay asserted that ths Danes tn Green
land were unfriendly to Commander Peary
because they believed h treated the Eakl
mod D:uiiy una forced them to work for
I'uriT fur Or. 1 auk.
The University uf Copenhagen today con
f erred upon ir. Cook the honorary degree
of dooior an leuce thonorla causa) In the
presence ot niure than 1.0UO people, who
cheered the explorer heartily. In thanking
tho rector. Dr. Turn, fur th. v.,., .... i .
4 J Cook said that the university should be
uie urst to sao nis ret'oroa.
In ex prowling hla thanks, Dr. Cook said
ho accepted the honor aa testlmotiy of the
genuineness ot hla Journey. He promised
to solid the university his complete records
and ho repeated that It waa hla intention
to dispatch a ship to Greenland at his own
fiiimiM tn brine down the two Eiklnn.
. . it ho aooompenVd him on hla expedition.
l In conclusion, the doctor said:
f ''I can say no more. I can do no more;
I shot you yT hauda,"
From the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Mr. and Mrs. Harriman Celebrated
Wedding Anniversary Here.
Ha Invited Co-ope rat ion of Nebraska
Men and Promised More Great
Prog-res by (ho Union.
One year ago today Mr. Harriman, Mrs.
Harriman and two of their children, were
guests of Omaha and wer entertained for
three hours at the Field club. That day.
September 10, 1308, waa the anniversary of
Mr. and Mrs. Harrlman's marriage and
the event was celebrated in a modest way
at the club, much to the pleasure of tho
distinguished guests.
The Harrlman's wer returning from th
west. Their train, a special of Beven
private cars, made the 1,000 miles from
Ogden to Omaha In twenty-two hours, th
shortest time on record.
On their arrival at Union station they
were met by a reception committee ot
Omaha business men and escorted to the
Field club, where an evening dinner had
been prepared and where they remained
until Just time enough to take their train
on their schedule and proceed east,
Mr. Harriman seemed especially happy
and quite well, physically, at this time and
was felicitous and at times facetious In his
remarks. When he was passing from his
train at the station on his arrival, a
battery of cameras snapped in his faoe and
to the photographers he pleasantly said:
"Do whatever you want to me." '
Mrs. Harriman Speaks.
At the Field club Mr. and Mrs. Harri
man were visibly affected by the cognis
ance that had been taken of their wedding
anniversary. The red rose, Mr. Harrlman's
favorite flower and the flower that
predominated in the decorations at theli
marriage, was In evidence. One lay at
each plate.
Mrs. Harriman, in a very sweet manner.
expressed their appreciation of the compli
ment as they were parting with the
Omaha people, saying:
In saying goodbye to those who have
helped us celebrate our wedding an
niversary I want to express the appreci
ation of Mr. Harriman, our children and
Dr. George I Miller, the "Father of
Omaha" and a life-long friend and advocate
ef th Union Pacific, presided at the in
formal ceremonies of this dinner party.
And In his llttl talk be had mentioned
as the them of the evening th word.
Co-Operation." When Mr. Harriman arose
to speak h said:
"I Ilk that word co-operation suggested
by Dr. Miller. You men of Nebraska are
Just aa much Interested aa we are. Help
us to continue, as we ar now, the great
highway across th continent, bringing th
trafflo of th east to your city and dis
tributing it over line that go out through
this city to th east"
Exareues Gratification.
As ti the function that had been so
cicely arranged and carried out In hla
honor and th honor of his family, Mr.
Mohler on Death of Harriman.
MAHA, and th various state
through whloh the . Union
Pauifo operates, has lost in
th death of Mr. Harriman,
one of its very best friends.
He waa prodigal, almost, lu
the way of expenditures, In tho Im
provement of th property and improved
conditions tor th public, and naturally
his enwtnous expenditures hav en
hanced th value of everything sur
rounding It
He was generous to a fault, exceed
ingly kind hearted, never resentful, no
matter to what extant provoked, and
during my entire acquaintance with
hint I never board aim speak Ul of any
Nebraska baa much reason to regret
hla death la view of th Large contem
plated additional Improvement he bad
Partners" B. F. Yoakum
Harriman did not try to conceal his feel
ings. He said:
"I can only say that I am gratified by
this and to meet you as the representa
tives of that great organisation (Ak-Sar-Ben),
which has done so much for this
community. I am gratified because It shows
the respect and confidence which you re
pose In the men who have been sent here
to represent us.
"When I came to Omaha I was told
I would only meet, a few bankers. I
would feel at home with them, as I have
had soma little dealings with them, but
In this representative company tonight
among you men who know of so many
different lines, I am less at ease.
' "1 cart tell yon this much, however, that
in this last senseless) money panic and It
waa a senseless money panto the poor old
Union Pacific waa expected to go down
as a whole. Always before 1t had to take
shelter beneath the wings of -the federal
court, but this time we went through It
without going Into the courts. We did it
ourselves. We asked no one to help us,
and we came out with our credit unques
tioned. "What has made the Union Pacific rail
road the strong organization It Is was the
securing of the lines west of it, thus as
suring it of the vast traffic which origi
nates on them and comes through your
state and your terminals here at Omaha.
This makes more business for .you and
more business for Nebraska. But had we
not" secured them, the Union Pacific rail
road would have remained Just what It
was years ago.
"We have spent $300,000,000 improving the
Union Pacific and Southern Pacific rail
way systems since we took hold of them
and we have much more to spend. But the
route of th old Union Pacific was so
well selected that In all these- years and
with all this expenditure of money we
have only been able to shorten It forty
Lane Cat-Off and Charley,
"The Iane cur-off la an example of this.
It has been an expensive cut-off and cost
about $2,000,000 more than the original esti
mate, but I find we ar liable to lose
money on trafflo we haul over It because
we have shortened th distance some
and can now get your goods and the pas
sengers out of Omaha better and more
oonventlently than ever before.
"In all seriousness we ought to be al
lowed for the service and facilities pro
vided regardless of the distance, but we
find ourselves In the position of cutting
off our revenue on thirty miles of road
because w have shortened the distance
and bettered the service by that much."
Turning to Charley Lana, assistant gen
eral freight agent of the Union Pacific,
Mr. Harriman asked, "Is not that true,
Mr. Lane?"
"Sadly so," replied Lane.
Then Mr. Harriman Introduced Charley
Lana to tho business men, an introduc
tion whloh Mr. Harriman himself evi
dently knew waa unnecessary, for he said:
"I never met this man (Lane until this
evening. I have often wondered how that
cut-off got its name, but It has been a
mighty expensive cut-off."
Somsone suggested that "Charley" would
make It up.
News Received With Great Sorrow,
Partlenlarly at Union Parlfle.
News of Mr. Harrlman's death was a
profound shock to every official and em
ploye In Union Paciflo headquarters, the
(Continued on Fifth Page.)
In mind, a direct benefit to that state.
He fully appreciated the friendly senti
ment expressed by the people of the
great west, to whose Interest he de
voted his great abilities and sacrificed
his life.
As to the future management of the
Union Pacific and th Harriman lines
I am In no position to give any In
formation, as I have no knewledge. but
one thing Is definitely certain, that a
property having such wide Influence
and In ouch fine physical condition and
with such magnificent future prospects,
can do nothing else but maintain Its
credit and be a vast benefit to the
country which it traverses in th fu
ture as Mr. Harriman has made It In
th past a. l. mohler.
Omaha. Neb., Sept . U0.
Corps Commanders Thoroughly Are
Trained for the Leadership.
Review of the Careen of Lovett,
Krattschnltt, Stcbb and Mohler,
Major Generals Of jthe Har
riman LlneA. '
In a sketch of the careers of four -lead'
Ing managers of the Harrtmanvltnes, writ
ten by E. J. Edwards,' a noted .New York
correspondent, a weelt before Mr.?Harri-
man's death, these facts regarding avail
able successors are related:
The core of Mr. Harrlman's organ!
ration, that part of It upon which h relies
for the perfect administration of his rail
way systems, consists of few men. Julius
KrutUchnitt Is one of these men. John C
Stubbs Is another. Robert S. Lovett Is still
another and A. L. Mohler makes up a
quartet of probably the ablest railway op
erators, acting as a whole, to be found
anywhere in the United States. Then, in
addition, there are, on the operating side,
L. F. Loree. J. T. Harahan, Albert J,
Earllng, Marvin Hughltt and on the
financial side, Henry Clay -Friok. P. A.
Valentine and William O. Rockefeller, Jr.
Formerlv James Sttllman was a financial
lieutenant, or, more accurately speaking,
a financial associate, but he has retired
from active business life.
The Leg-al Prop,
There Isn't a more interesting oharacter
In the world of railway affairs than Robert
S. Lovett. He was born far down In the
southern part of Texas, and when a boy
he heard many tales of Sam Houston and
of the struggle for the Independence of
Texas, for all that country which Is near
his birthplace was marching ground and
camping ground for General Houston- and
his army.
Young Lovett, while still a boy, i
satisfied that If he had the chance to study
law he would make a fair lawyer. Almost
all of his studying was done at home with
a copy of Htnckstone on his knee and th
Texas statutes on his desk. Sometimes,
nowadays, when he is asked where he was
educated as a lawyer, he replies that he
taught himself. He was admitted to the
bar almost as easily aa was the lat
Speaker Reed, who, after answering two
questions put to him by th examining
committee, was passed by It
Within a few months after his admission
to the bar this young man had a railroad
company for a client It was a little railroad
company with a high sounding name, bat
It bt came Important because eventually was
incorporated by, or allied with, the Texa
Sc Pacific railroad. Little did the young
lawyer dream when he was retained by th
railroad to defend certain damage cases
that he was taking a step In the direction
of association with the great railway lln
that was to stretch from New Orleans to
San Francisco, ultimately to become a part
of the Union Pacific system.
In those days the railroads that stretched
(Continued -on Fifth Page.)
Are you looking
for a room?
An easy way ia not to wear
out shoe leather but to look
through the list of rooms of
fered for rent on the want ad
pages of The Bee. There you
will find practically a com
plete directory of the desir
able rooms with sufficient in
formation to enable you to
judge which will meet your
requirements. Then, by in
specting these, you will be
sure to find what you want.
Have you re4 Uie want, ad, jot
Financier and Railroad Builder Diet
at Home, Surrounded by His -Family.
Surg-eona Admit That End Was but
Matter of, Time.
Watchers at Gate Receive First News
from City.
No Announcement Made Until After
Close, of Exchange.
Body Will Be Laid to Rest la Little
Cemetery Back of St. John's
Church at Ardea Service
to Ie Private.
ARD EN, N. Y., Sept. 8. Edward H. Har
riman, the greatest organiser of railroads
the world has ever known, met the only
lasting defeat of his active life today at
the hands of death. Secluded In hla mag
nificent house on Tower Hill, surrounded
by members of his family, physicians and
nurses, he succumbed to an Intestinal dis
order this afternoon, after a fight against
disease which will rank for sheer grit
with his remarkable struggles In tho finan
cial world.
The exact time of hla death la known
only In that limited circle of relatives and
associates who had so effectively shielded
Mr. Harriman from all outside annoyanoe
during his last illness. The tlma was given
to the world as t:85 p. m., but Mrs. Mary
Simons, sister of the dead man, said to
night that the end had come at 1:30, more
than two hours previous. Whether this
apparent discrepancy has any bearing on
the current belief that every effort waa
made to lessen the influence of th finan
cier's death on the New York stock mar
ket is problematical. But It Is significant
that th time of his death as officially an
nounced waa Just thirty-fly minutes after
trading had ceased on th exchange In
New York. Mr. Harriman died peacefully
and to the end his brilliant tnlnd retained
its integrity.
. Relapse Comes Bandar.
After a relapse on Sunday he soon sank.
and after the noon hour today came a
relapse which marked the approach of the
end. His wife, his two daughters, the
Misses Mary and Carol, and his sons, Wal
ter and Roland, who have been constantly
with him, assembled at the bedside, and
a carriage was hastily dispatched for Mrs.
Simons, whose home ts here In Arden,
three miles from the Tower Hill mansion.
Driving hurriedly up the mountainside,
Mrs. Simons entered the great silent house
in time to be at her brother's death. She
joined th wife and children, who, with
Dr. W. O. Lyle of New York and Orlando
Harriman, a brother, and ' th nurses
formed a group at the bedside.
No spiritual adviser was at hand. The
swiftest automobile in the Harriman gar
age had been dlspatohed for the Rev. Dr.
J. Holmes McOulnness, an Episcopalian
rector of Arden parish, and Mr. Harrl
man's personal chaplain, but Mr, Mo
Oulnness was not at home. When found
later, although rushed up the mountain
side at breakneck speed, he did not ar
rive until death had com to Arden house.
New York First Notified.
With the secrecy that has been main
tained at the Harriman residence un
broken to the very end, news of Mr. Har
rlman's death was conveyed to New York
before It came to Arden and the valley
below. Then, by way of New York, the
report that death had arrived at the great
estate on Tower Hill spread quickly and
confirmation was sought at the residence
by telephone. During the last ten days
rumors hav been so persistent and vari
able that little credence was at first given
the report, and It was a shock when a
voice on the hlU replied: "Yes, that is
correct. Mr. Harriman died at J:35 p. m."
The speaker waa evidently an employe.
Soon afterward the hundreds of work
men engaged on the uncompleted estate
learned of their master's death, when a
lad came out on the lawn and announced
simply: "You men all quit work. Mr.
Harriman Is dead."
A hush fell over the group and the work
men, dropping their tools, trudged silently
to the flat cars and descended on the pri
vate Incline railway that bore them from
th mountain top to their homes below,
Ksaersl Saadar Afteraooa.
While the policy of reticence that pro-
vailed during Mr. Harrlman's illness waa
Railroad Lines Controlled by E, H Harris
man and Their Mileage.
Union Pacific 5,916 Chicago & Northwestern..., 7,632
Southern Pacific 9,731 Baltimore & Ohio 4,416
Illinois Central 4,278 Delaware & Hudson 845
New York Central 13,282 Georgia Central 1,914
Atchison 9.350 Wheeling A Lake Erie 2,333
St. Louis & San Fran 6.366
St. Paul 8,687 Total 84,319
The stockholders In these systems number 80,000. Th number
of employes is in excess of 860,000.
maintained by most of his relatives and
associates after his death. Roland Harri
man, who Is in New York, discussed the
funeral arrangements briefly tonight He
said that Mr. Harriman would be buried In
the family plot In the little graveyard be
hind St. John's Episcopal church at Arden.
He will rest beside his eldest son, Edward
H. Harriman. Jr., who died twenty-two
years ago, soon after th family first came
to Arden.
A shaft of blue stone, quarried from the
steep sides of Tower Hill, marks the grave
of the baby Edward and It is probable that
a similar , stone of modest slxe will be
erected over the last resting place ot his
distinguished father. The service will b
held at 8:30 on Sunday afternoon next and
It is understood will be strictly private.
No Operation Performed.
Dr. Lyle. who has been Mr. Harrlman's
physician throughout thla last Illness has
Issued no statement concerning his Illness
or the cause of death, but the general
understanding Is that there was no op
eration. Four persons are authority for
this belief. They are Mrs. Simons, his
sister; Charles T. Ford, superintendent ot
the Harriman estate;' William A. Mo
Clellan, superintendent of the Arden Farm
Dairy company, and Thomas B. Price, Mr.
Harriman personal secretary In the Union
Pacific offices. All four made such a
declaration this afternoon after Mr. Harrl
man's death.
Mrs. Simons discussed his death this
evening with moee freedom than any one
else, but even she professed not to know
the exact nature her brother's ailment.
Her eyes were red with weeping and her
voice broke with emotion as she said:
"You have heard the sad news. My dear
brother passed away peacefully in th
presence of all the members of our family."
End Come at 1 18O P. M.
"What ttme did Mr. Harriman dlT" she
was asked.
"About 1:80 this afternoon," was the un
expected answer.
She said emphatically that there had
been no operation, then became so over
come by her feelings that she begged to
be excused and said ah could not describe
the scenes at the house during tho last
hours of her brother's life. Her husband,
Charles D. Simons, said he had not arrived
In time to see Mr. Harriman before he
died. Mr. Simons said that his brother-in-law
died at 1:35.
"Then Mrs. Simons was wrong when
she said 1:30?"
Mr. Simons hesitated and then said:
"Well, I waa not there, you know, when
he died."
Former Judge R. 8. Lovett chief counsel
for tho Union Pacific and Southern Pa
cicflc railroads, the best known of the Har
riman lines, did not reach Tower HlU In
time for a last farewell of his chief. It
was S:1S this evening when ho reached
Arden and he declined -to say anything
whatever regarding the time, tho cause
or any other; circumstances surrounding
Mr. Harrlman's death.
Active to the Find.
Earlier In the day, before the crisis was
at hand, Mr. Harriman talked with
Thomas B. Price, his personal secretary.
In the New York offices of the Union
Pacific. This was one of the strongest
evidences that the railroad man's master
mind was alert to the end, for It is be
lieved that Mr. Price was summoned to
enable the dying financier to give some
Instructions concerning his vast affairs
Mr. Prlc arrived at,10 40 a. m., but re
turned to New York at 1:45. If Mr. Har
rlman's death occurred before he left the
house, his words did not Indicate It when
he departed. "Mr. Harrlman's condition,"
he said at the time, "was fairly encour
aging." He added that there had been no
ohange. He had been sent for, he said.
to transaot some business.
Although his family, and perhaps two or
three associates, had known that Mr. Har
riman might die at any time since his
relapse last Sunday, the news of his death
was comparatively unexpected In the vl
olnlty of Arden. And in some respectft
there are indications that It was unex
peeled in New York so early. The best
proof of this was that Judge Lovett, who
has spent practically every night at the
house since 6unday last returned to New
York this morning as usual, and was not
on hand when the man whose mantle he
may now wear forf be is spoken of by
some as Mr. Harrlman's successor
breathed his last. Dr. Lyle Issued a state
ment this morning saying that the pa
tient's condition waa unchanged. Dut be
fore the afternoon was well underway he
waa dead.
Undertaker from Turner,
In keeping with th simple arrangements
for the funeral an undertaker from Tur
ner, N. Y., th nearest railroad station to
Arden, was pressed Into service tonight
to perform the last services that human
hands will render to the dead before inter
ment One of th men who assisted the
embalmers said that the body bore no
sign of any recent operation.
The family's decision In selecting the
little country graveyard on the hillside near
here, far removed from the scene of Mr.
Harrlman's business triumphs. Is the first
evidence that they Intend to maintain Ar
den as their horn. Th unfinished pal
ace that covers Tower hill and the great
estat that surrounds It was one of Mr.
Hartimaa's dearest Babbles. During th
last days of his Illness he took a great
personal Interest tn the work, and. sitting
In the sunshine, often conversed with th
laborers at their work. And it Is believed
that the family carrying out his wishes
will complete the work underway and that
the name of Harriman will continue to b
a synonym of bounty In this part of th
Ramapo valley.
F.fplore Greatly Affected.
All of the late railroad king's employ
are deeply affected by his death, particu
larly Charles T. Ford, superintendent of
the estate. William A. McClelland, super
intendent of Mr. Harrlman's dairy, was
nlo greatly moved. He has been In Harrl
man's service for sixteen years and was
one of his most trusted employes.
'I had been In communication with the
house all morning," he said, "and had no
Idea that Mr. Harriman waa going to die.
At noon I left my house at Arden and
called up Mr. Harrlman's house. They
told me there was no change In his condl-
Ion and I was unnpe&kably shocked to
get the sad news later In the afternoon."
McClelland said all the employes on the
Harriman estate would mourn the loss of
thtlr employer, both as a loyal friend and
a just master.
. By a strange coincidence a wedding party
set forth from the Harriman residence this
afternoon while the master lay dead.
George Murphy, chief engineer of the es
tate, was the bridegroom and the bride
was Mary Spalding, a parlor maid. They
alone of all the employes on the estate
were not apprls. d of Mr. Harrlman's death
until after the ceremony had been per
formed. The1 wedding was held In St
Mary's Catholic church at Arden, and It
waa Mrs. Harrlman's expressed wlh that
her husband's death should not Interfere
with the plans and the happiness of the
servants. They drove forth from the es
tate In Mrs. Harrlman's own wagonette and
did not know that there was mourning on
the estate until wftor they were man and'
Pea Picture of Man Who Dominated
the Railroad World.
The story of E. H. Harriman is the story
of the son of an Impecunious Episcopalian
minister who devoted his sixty odd years
of life to the gathering of money and the
control over money. When death came he
stood In the center of a vast complex
financial systom. Invincible In power and
terrible In responsibility. Work and th
Intensity , of his life killed him at last
But tht story Is not altogether a sordid
one and no spectator of his career can fall
to honor him for the splendid achieve
ments In railroad building that have been
a part of his policy. He started out as a
broker and remained one, but he waa big
enough to be broker and railroad builder
at onoe and In the same operations,
Edwin Henry Harriman a was th third
son in the family of six that was de
pendent upon the meagre finances of Rev.
Orlando Harriman. He was born February
SB, 148, at Hempstead, Long Island. His
brothers were Nelson, Orlando and Wil
liam, and his sinters Lily and Annie. All
of this family of six hav been fortunate
enough to reach comfortable circumstances
early In life, although the father's salary
when little Edwin Henry was 11 years old
amounted to but $200 a year as rector of
St John's in Hoboken.
His Education.
He was educated in the district schools
and in an academy for clergymen's boys,
where be was practically a charity pupil.
Nothing In his personality as a child gave
hint or promise of a financier, unless it
may have been his native stubbornness.
His mother was proud in spite of poverty
and taught her children a haughty, aris
tocratic manner which helped In making
the great son's disregard of public opinion.
Before Edwin was of age the family In
herited enough money for th father to
retire. Not many years after that tho
future magnate entered Wall street as
He waa not possessed of much capital,
but he did possees a daring financial
imagination, and he watched the working
of Wail street during the next thirty years
with an lutentness that mad him a mas
ter of masters among th manipulators
and stock gamblers and highhanded
makers of fortunes that fight for money
In the "street." In 170 b took a piung
In gold, It Is said, whan Gould, Flak, Kim
bo r and others tried to corner th gold
market, and th whole of his profits went
Into buying him a seat on th New York
Stock exchange. He waa trying for big
ger game than the profits of the curb
stone broker.
III First Marrlaa-a,
H mado a very substantial addition to
his chances for happiness and fortune fey
marrying Into the family of a Boouostor
capitalist Miss Mary Avorill waa bis
bride and her father bad maris his y
out of railroad speculation, la Xkat when
bis father died, Harriinaa was rockoaad
as a millionaire from his operations on
the stock exchange. He was successfully
learning his ti-aun.
As he waa learning his trade, however,
he was unlearning the trails ot a frank,
attractive character and . schooling him
self to be th sphinx of th ' financial
world, lis had ceaued to oar for th
associates with whom h Lad started
on the street Everythiug had boast ab
sorbed into th master paaskta of taonoy
making. When he was not yet 4S years
old this master passion took oa a bow
phase and he became interested la rail
roads. His new desire showed Itself ta a
fashion that exhibited the lnteaskfed qual
ity that has counted most In bis person
ality, the quality of directness. It was thai
uallty of kiuiwing without ouaatloa or
cavil just exactly what b wants and go
ing after It without tear that was the
mast remarked and remarkable thing aaoat
the man.
Lis ta Railroad World,
He was mad a director of th lutaole
Central tax W but he did nothing aotisa
abl as a raflroad saan smll taYL Jlnrawy
Si. 1191, the Unkn Padfte, debt
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