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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 13, 1909)
The Omaha Daily Bee
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For Nebraska Local showers.
For Iowa Thunder sbowers.
For weather report page 3.
VOL. XXXIX NO. 60.
OMAHA, FRIDAY MORNING, AUGUST 13, 1909 TEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
SAMUEL VAN SANT
Minnesota Man Elected Commander
in-Chief of Grand Army of
MRS. EERILY HEADS RELIEF CORPS
Pei Moines Woman Defeati Mrs.
Earrii of Kansas.
BT. LOUIS COMES TO FRONT
Indications that Next Encamp nu.
Will Go to Mound City.
ADDRESS OF COMMANDER NEVIUS
Gala la Membership for th Year I
Orer Twtitr Tknd and Death
Roll far Year Exceeds Tea.
SALT LAKE CITT, Aug. 12. Kamuel R.
Van Pant of Minnesota was elected commander-in-chief
of the Grand Army of the
Republic this evening.
Van Kant won over William A. Ketcham
of Indiana by a vote of M7 to 156.
mY. Jennie L. Berry of Das Moines. Ia.,
won In a fight for the national presidency
of the Woman's Relief corps. After three
ballots she waa elected over Mrs. Belle
Hsrrls of Kansas by a vote of 213 to 90.
Tha Grand Army's order of business did
not provide for the election of officers
today, but tha Increasing departures of
delegates warned the encampment that an
early choice would be necessary to secure
a full expression of the will of the ma
jority. In addition to Commander Van Sant,
tha following officers were elected:
Senior Vice Commander W. M. Bostaph,
Junior Vice Commander Judge Alfred
Bers. Bristol, Conn.
Surgeon General W. H. Lemon, Law
Nominations for chaplain were made,
but the vote upon this position was post
poned owing to the lateness of the hour.
The election of chaplain and selection of
the next meeting place went over until
A poll Indicates that tha chances of St.
Louis for the forty-fourth encampment
are much brighter. Atlantic City, the
other aspirant, does not want the en
campment In August and the veterans are
loath to change the month of meeting.
No business of publlo Interest except the
annual address of tha retiring commander,
Henry M. Nevlus, and the election of of
ficers was transacted 'at today's execu
tive session. -
Nevtas I.anda the Suath.
Commander-in-Chief Nevlus, In his ad
dress to tha veterans said. In part:
"1 was treated with great cordiality upon
my visit In tha southern departments and
In Atlanta, Ua., where tha Grand Army of
tha Republic held a Joint meeting with Cle
ment A:' KvaiiTOTrrmandee-ln-ehtef of the ;
United Confederate Veterans, and his or
ganisation. I met tha confederate veterans
again In Dentaon, Tex. I met them also
at Birmingham, Ala., and I am satisfied
that, ware It not for those who did not
participate In the great struggle, but who
are still laboring to keep alive the lost
cause, there would be no. difficulty In
cementing the bonds of union between the
north and south.
"On December 31, 1907, the members In
good standing of tha Grand Army of tha
Republic numbered 225,157, and there were
13.49 on tha suspended list. There were
remaining In good standing an December
31, 1908. 22M1S, and S.&39 remaining sus
pended. The number of comrades reported
as having died between December 31, 1907,
end December 31. 1308, waa 10,124. Our
galna during the fiscal year by muster,
transfer, reinstatement and by gain from
delinquent reports total 21,154.
"Investigation will show that there have
been many bills introduced tn the national
congress called pension bills asking for
relief for the veterans on different llnea,
and no prospect of any of them becoming
a law. The Grand Army of the Republic,
standing united, has In past years secured
and placed upon the atatute books such
pension laws as are in force and will con
tinue to ask for auch relief aa shall seem
to be equitable and Just.
"Tha number of aurvlvora of the civil
war at hie close of the last fiscal year was
JO.tte. The number of survivors on the
pension rolls May SI, 1900, waa (96,411. The
amount appropriated for pensions during
the year waa $12,000,000.
"Tha amount appropriated and apent
during the year ending June 30, 1908, In
the national and state bomea for the sup
port of old and needy soldiers was. I1.1S7.
The speaker told of difficulties en
countered tn securing a round trip rata of
one fare to the Salt Lake City encamp
"You will observe, comrades, that I have
labored earneatly and sealoualy with the
great railroad corporations in tha Interest
of the Grand Army of tha Republic, for
a reasonable rate to and from our en
campment, for the men who from 'SI to '6
bore the brunt of battle and aaved the
union one and indivisible and that the
great railroad corporations which girdle
It with their tracks have no feeling of
patriotism and make no oonoaaalon to tha
comrades of the Grand Army of the Re
GRANT TO YOUNG VETERANS
lewaa en teeth Daketaa Officers of
PITTSBURG, Aug. 12 The proceedings
of the Philippine Veterans' convention to
day were made interesting by the presence
of General Frederick Dent Grant, who
aroused great enthusiasm In a speech on
tha valor of the men who fought the
country's battle In foreign lands.
The following officers were elected:
Commander Colonel C. L. Jewett. New
Junior Commander Major Charlea A.
Howard, South Dakota.
Judge Advouate General Captain W. H
Chaplain Samuel J. Smith, Nineteenth
Vnlted Wtates infantry. '
viAY0U SARA WANTS TAFT
Tewa Made Psatsst by lavltatlua
Fremont Aaka the Presi
dent to Stop.
NEW ORLEANS. La., Aug. 11 Bayou
Sara, the town that attracted conalderabit
attention by the wording of the Invitation
to Captain Fremont of the battleship Mis
slaaippl: "Bayou Kara is a hall of a place
to entertain ln-but e will do the beet
we can." has sent word through Its mayor
to President Tft urging him to spend a
few Lour a In that town.
First Claim to
Joseph Furay of Warsaw it Number
One in Lottery W. P. Spulman
Among- Lucky Ones.
COUEB D'ALENE. Idaho,; Aug. 12. Two
thousand namea were drawn today for
lands In the Flathead Indian reservation, j
and Joseph Furay of Warsaw, Ind., was)
the winner of lucky No. 1. I
""ie 81,363 applications, each In a buff
Ia... UA V. .... . I 1 ... .1 . . ,U. I .
and Judge Wltten announced that
' would be drawn today, 2, (XX) toinorrow
'li ha rest on Saturday. The first en
i was picked up by little Miss Dol&n
o'clock and the announcement of
te of the winner waa greeted with
Thereafter the drawing became
V . ry.
ie name of N. D. McPhee of
' ' ne was announced as winner of
" oung woman In the crowd gave
-i shout and made a wild dash
carry tha news to father."
The first woman to win was Eleanor Mc
Lean of Missoula, Mont., who stated In her
application that she was 70 years old.
Among the first fifty nami s in the Flat
head drawing today are:
No. 1 Joseph Furay, Warsaw, Ind.
No. 10 C. T. Urotvnell, DeSinet, B. D.
No. 19 Ralph R. Tower, Steseton, S. D.
No. 28 J. R. Smeck, Shenandoah, In.
No. 29 E. T. Ellis, Altoona, la.
No. 44 Elizabeth I'felffer, Muscatine, la.
No. 48 J. D. Van Llew, Weldon, la.
, Nebraskans who drew today
Edgar MoConnell, Fall bury.
Joseph L. Roscow, Lincoln.
Charles A. Berlew, Hemingford.
William M. Flnnlgan, Arlington.
Helen 8. Ingersoll, Chambers.
W. P. riptllman, Omaha,
! to Ninety-Eight
Thermometer Shows Season's Record
at 2:30 P. M. Thursday, Beating
May Mark Three Degrees.
The thermometer at 2:30 p. m. yesterday
showed the highest mark of the season,
beating by S degrees the May record, the
highest until Thursday.
According to Official Forecaster Welsh
tha present siege of torrid zone climate is
not so bad.
Without cracking a smile he asserts that
on the 2th day of July, In the year 1894.
A. D., the mercury slipped up to 106, which,
he asserts with due complaisance, is the
hottest day on record In Omaha. That was
a day of calamity to the crops of Nebraska.
But the Oldest Inhabitant and the Care
ful Observer agree that even this Is no ex
tenuation for Mr. Welsh's present conduct.
LINCOLN, "Neb., Aug. 12-Thls was the
hottest day of the year In Lincoln, the
maximum being 98 degrees, where the
mercury remained for nearly three hours.
Maurice Laughlln, a lineman, dropped dead
while engaged In repairing a trolley line
this afternoon, and his death is thought to
have been Indirectly due to the heat. It
was first believed he had come In contact
with a live wire, but It was later stated
that the wire was dead. Reports from cen
tral and western Nebraska say corn is
parched and rain Is badly needed.
Home Rule is to . Be the Campaign
Slogan of the Omaha
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Aug. 12. (Special Telegram.)
Mayor Dahlman was the principal
speaker at the Modern Woodmen of
America picnic at Bennet this afternoon.
From Lincoln the Burlington ran a special
train. The mayor announced his candi
dacy lor governor, his platform being home
rule. He promised that candidates would
be forced to take a stand on the liquor
question. The mayor, was well received.
FELTON HEAD GREAT WESTERN
President of Alton Road to Become
Head of Reorganised
ST. PAUL, Minn., Aug. 12. It was of
ficlally announced today that Samuel M.
Felton, president of the Chicago at Alton
railway, will formally be chosen president
of the Chicago Great Western railway
when the reorganisation is completed. Re
celver Horace G. Burt announces that ha
will retire from all connection with the
Census Supervisors to
Be Appointed Today
BEVERLY, Mass., Aug. 12. Two cabinet
officers are coming to Beverly tomorrow.
Secretary Nagel of the Department of
Commerce and Labor is coming to take up
with the president the matter of the ap
pointment of more than 300 census super
visors. Postmaster General Hitchcock will
be here at tha same time and he will prob
ably have an Important part in the division
of the census plums.
Cecil Lyon, republican national commlt
toen.an from Texas, also Is expected in
Beverly tomorrow. The president announced
several days ago that in Texas, as well as
In eight other states of tha so-called "solid
south," he would divide the census appoint
ments equally between the republicans and
democrats, the laadera of tha two parties
to arrange the division on a satisfactory
E. Dana Durand, director of the census.
Will also be at the Tart cottage tomorrow.
The president haa turned over the recom
mendations for census places to the depart
ment beada bavins the matter In charge,
with general instructions that the men to
THAW GOES BACK
Justice Mills Decides that Slayer of
Stanford White is Still
FREEDOM MENACE TO SOCIETY
Court Finds that Be Still Has Exag
NO COMFORT FOR PRISONER
All Contentions of His Attorney! Are
WILL CONTINUE THE STRUGGLE
Thaw Saya Mte Next More Will Be
to Get Another Cnae Which la
Pending; Before Conrt of
WHITE PLAINS, N. T., Aug. 12. -Harry
K. Thaw's latest atten pt to gain his liberty
met with defeat today when Supreme Court
Justice Isaac N. Mills dismissed the writ
of habeas corpus and declared that the
release of the petitioner would be "danger
ous to public peace and safety." The sign
ing of an order sending Thaw back to
Matteawan, a formality. Is scheduled to
take place tomorrow morr.lng In Justice
Mills' chambers at Mt. Verron.
There Is no crumb of comfort for Thaw
In the several thousand word opinion
handed down by Justice Mills today. All
the contentions of his old adversary, Dis
trict Attorney Jerome, are supported and
it Is declared that Thaw Is still insane,
still suffering from persistent delusions and
still as much a paranoiac as on the day
he shot Stanford White. '
The order for Thaw's recommitment will
be presented to Justice Mills tomorrow
morning by Deputy Attorney General Ezra
Prestlss and Attorney Morschauser wilt
then have a chance to oppose it or strive
for a modification. Such action will, how
ever, It Is believed, be purely formal in
view of the decisive nature of the opinion
handed down today. Thaw, waiting In the
White Plains Jail, at the rear of the court
houpe, where the decision was filed, re
celved the news with an outward calmness
which appeared, however, more forced than
Farther Apnea! to Conrt.
The members of his family and his at
torney seemed stunned by the thorough
ness of their defeat. Thaw declined to
give out any extended statement, content
lng himself with the assertion that he was
not disheartened and would at once con
tlnue his fight for liberty.
"My next efforts," he said, "will be
centered upon the court of appeals, through
which I expect to secure a hearing before
a Jury In my efforts to have my commltt
spent to Matteawan set aside.", ' . """
The case before the court of appeals, to
which Thaw referred, is one which has been
under consideration for some time. It came
before Justice Mills last October when
Thaw applied for an order setting aside his
committment on the ground that the court
which had committed him was without
power to issue such an order. Inasmuch as
Thaw at the time was not on trial on a
question of sanity. At the same time ha
asked to have the question of his mental
condition submitted to a Jury. When Jus
tlce Mills promptly denied this application.
the case was carried to the appellate di
vision, which sustained Justice Mills.
Thaw's attorney has already made a second
appeal and It Is upon this appeal that Thaw
says his efforts will now be based.
Conclusions of the Court.
Justice Mills, In his opinion today, reaches
three formal conclusions:
1. That Thaw was Insane when he killed
S. That he haa not yet recovered.
3. That public peace and safety would be
endangered by setting him at large.
He upholds District Attorney Jerome's
contentions that Thaw still cherishes delu
sions regarding the practices of Stanford
White and his associates. He characterizes
Evelyn Thaw's tale of the Madison Square
tower room and similar stories about White
told at the sanity hearing as "wild and
grossly Improbable; evidently, to any nor
mal mind, grossly exaggerated." He ex
presses belief in the testimony of Susan
Merrill regarding Thaw's alleged pervert
practices, and points out the contrast be
tween Thaw's chivalrous attitude as a pro
tector of young American womanhood and
his own private life.
Justice Mills expressed deep sympathy
for tha prisoner's mother and her exposi
tion of the "horrors of Matteawan," on
the stand, evidently prompted his recom
mendation that Thaw be allowed greater
privileges at that Institution.
At the same time he gently chlded Mrs.
Thaw for her censure of District Attorney
Jerome, of whom he said: "I find no evi
dence of any heartless or undue teal on
Not the least significant sentence in
(Continued on Second Page.) '
be selected shall bo of unquestioned ability
and fltnens for tha Important offices they
are to fill.
President Taft will not be able to go to
Panama next year aa he had Intended.
The president expressed the hope that he
would be able to visit the isthmus every
year. With a long session of congress on
his hands all of next winter and spring,
however, he thinks the chance of getting
to Panama at a seasonable time of the
year la remote.
Mr. Taft haa decided to take two private
cars on his western trip. He personally
will occupy the Mayflower and will have
the Haxelmere for the remainder of his
The president will be accompanied by
Dr. J. J. Richardson of Wasnlngton. who
was with him throughout his campaign trip
Secretary of the Interior Balllnger, Secre
tary of War Dickinson, Secretary Nagel of
the Department of Commerce and Labor
will be members of the party at certain
stages of the trip.
He expects to meet Senator Cummins In
Des Moines and possibly Senator Dolliver.
From the Philadelphia Record.
SCALE FOR CHICAGO CARMEN
Officials of Railroads and Unions
CONTRACT IS FOR FOUR YEARS
Mesf Are to Rerelre Thirty Cents an
Hoar After Ananat 1, 1011
Statna of Consolidated Em
ployee Yet la Qaeatlon.
CHICAGO. Aug. 12. The crucial point, In
the wage dispute between the officials of
the street railway lines of Chicago and
their 10,000 employes was passed today.
By the offer of a maximum scale of 30
cants an hour to be paid ' by August 1,
1911,, which was ' majie' , by ( President
John M. Roach of the NoAh and. West Side
lines, and the prompt acceptance of the
same by President William Qulnlan of the
North and West Side street car men's
anion, probability of a strike appears to
President T. E. Mitten of the South Side
lines has allowed I. to be understood that
he would follow Mr. Roach In any agree
ment Mr. Roach might make with the
The details of the compromise made by
the railway officials and accepted by the
union officials are as followsi
Contract to run until January 31, 1913.
An Increase from 27 to 28 cents an hour
from August 1, this year, to August 1,
1910, to August 1, 1911. The maximum scale
of 30 cents to go Into effect from then
until the expiration of the ontract.
The union men regard this offer aa a
great victory. It Is substantially what they
have contended for and they declare now
that they have been willing all along to
give the railway men two years to comply
with their 30-cent demands.
Terms for New Men.
In the matter of new employes, however,
the gain Is not so great for the union. The
new men are to begin at 24 cents an hour
and advance' 1 cent an hour each year
for three years, when they are to get tha
Tha only probable hitch in the way of
an Immediate settlement comes in the
condition of the Consolidated Traction com
pany, which Is In the hands of a receiver
and is being operated by the Chicago Rail
ways company. There are 500 men em
ployed on this line, and President Qulnlan
of the union said that any agreement must
Include them Mr. Roach declared that
he could not say what wages should be
given the men.
It Is possible that the Consolidated may
be sold to the Chicago Railways company
at auction. Further conferences will be
held on this matter and a way out Is ex
pected to be reached. President Mitten is
expected to follow Mr. Roach's lead tomor
Evictions Stop at McKees Roeks,
PITTSBURG. P., Aug. 12. The sheriff of
Allegheny county late today flatly re
fused to continue the work of evicting the
strikers and the families from houses
owned by the Pressed Steel Car company
at McKees Rocks.
Acting under court orders, the sheriff
and his deputies early In the afternoon
began the work of conveying the goods
from the strikers' homes to the streets.
The sheriff asked the Pressed Steel Car
company to give him men to carry out
(Continued on Second Page.)
Please bring your
in as early as possi
They are received tor Sunday aa
late at 8:30 p. m. Saturday, but
It la beat to get them in early to
Insure proper classification.
If you cannot come down
town use the telephone.
Call Douglas 238 and aek
for the .Want-Ad Department.
LET THE PROCESSION MOVE.
Five Burned in
Dwelling House in
Mother Escapes, but Returns for
Her Babe and Both
HANCOCK. Mich., Aug. 13. Five lives
were lost In a fire In a dwelling house here
The dead are Mrs. John Dlonne. Edward
Dlonne, aged 8 years; Peter Dlonne, an In
fant: Amtna Dlonne, aged 12, and a girl
The fire broke out when the family was
asleep. The charred bodies of tha victims
were found In the ruins today. Mr Dlonne
got out of the house, but returning to
rescue a child, perished.
Her body was found with the infant
clasped in her arms.
Lone Bandit Robs
Twenty-Five Hundred Dollars Taken
from Cashier at Franklin at
Point of Gun.
JACKSONVILLE, III., Aug. 12. A lone
bandit today secured 32,500 In currency
from the cannier of the Farmtrs' and Mer
chants' bank at Franklin, 111. One sus
pect has been arrested, but his Identity
haa not been proven. This afternoon a
man clad like a farmer appeared at the
cashier's desk and asked to exchange some
bills of small denominations for larger
ones. The cashier went to tha vault to
get the bills. When he emerged the
robber was inside the railing and covered
him with a revolver, demanding the bank's
cash. The cashier handed over the box
In his hand containing $1,600 in currency
and the robber, after hurriedly rifling the
money drawer of $1,000 more, escaped
through an alley. The alarm was given
by the cashier's brother, who was in the
bank at the time of the robbery, but was
powerleaa to interfere, aa he was held
under threat of death by the bandit, until
the moment the cashier came from the
vault. A posse was organized by the
sheriff at 4 o'clock and la searching the
surrounding country for the criminal. The
bank Is Insured against robbery.
WU ORDERED BACK HOME
Chinese Minister Recalled froaa
Waahlaatoa for New Assign
ment. WASHINGTON, Aug. 12. The Chinese
minister, Wu Tlngfang, haa been recalled
from Washington and ordered to Peking
for further assignment. His successor will
be Chang Yin Tang, formerly charge d'af
faires at Madrid, and now deputy vice
president of foreign affairs.
Mr. Wu Is now In Peru, to which country
he haa been credited along with the United
NEW YORK, Aug. 12. A lively specula
tive movement In the stock market today
followed the brisk upward movement at the
close last night. During the first 'hour
Union Pacific sold above 210, and Southern
Pacific, Louisville A Nashville. United
States Steel and Pennsylvania were promi
nent. Prices were advanced In London as
a preliminary to the opening hare.
Rumors that an Increase In the Union
Paclflo dividend had been determined on,
that Louisville Ax Nashville waa to dis
tribute a stock bonua to stockholders, and
that arrangements for the placing a large
atock lasue abroad had been mad aa
companied the activity. Profit taking aalea
were so heavy on the advance aa to stag
ger the market and Induced reactions
within an hour of tha opening.
PLEADS GUILTY AND APPEALS
Dinuzzo Admits Violating Law and
Goes Over Board's Action.
CASE AWAITS SUPREME COURT
Fine of One Hundred Dollars la Bna-
pended Pending; the Ultimate
Teat of the Law's Consti
tutionality. Frank Dlnuxxo pleaded guilty before
Judge Button In district court to the charge
of violating the daylight closing law. HI
fine of $100 was suspended pending an ap
peal to tho supreme court on the question
of the law's constitutionality.
Before Judge Troup application has been
made by Weaver & Oilier asking that
the revoking of the, license by tha Board
of Fire and Police Commissioners be sup
erseded until the appeal from the board'
decision may be tried.
The legal status of the Dlnuzxo case at
nresent is as follows:
Dinuzzo was arrested, tried and found
guilty in police court of selling liquor afte
8 o'clock, contrary to the daylight law,
Two different punishments were provided
by the law; be was to pay a fine of $100
and lose his license immediately upon con
An appeal was taken to the district
court and the fine was suspended until
the trial could be held there. A demurrer
was filed by the attorneys for Dlnuxzo
asking that tha trial be dismissed because
the law waa unconstitutional. Thla de
murrer was overruled by Judge Sutton
Tuesday, and the order made for the trial
to continue. Thursday morning Dinuzzo
pleaded guilty before Judge Sutton, and
the sentence, which waa understood to be
the fine of $100 still unpaid, was suspended
until the case could be fought out in the
state supreme court on the question of the
License is Revoked.
The other part of the saloon keeper's
punishment, the revoking of the license,
was taken up, and after soma deliberation
the Board of Fire and Police Commission
era put it Into effect and the license was
. revoked Tuesday. His attorneys have filed
an appeal from this action which will be
tried In district 'court probably in October
Tbty have applied to Judge Troup for an
order superseding the board's action In the
Dinuzzo's attorneys have now three ac
tions pending. Before the supreme court
Is tha appeal from the deolslon of Judge
Sutton declaring the law constitutional. In
the district court on Judge Redlck's docket
Is an appeal asking that his license be
given back and in the district court before
Judge Troup Is a petition to have him per
mitted to continue his business until the
license la returned.
Anneals frons Board.
In the appeal from the action of the
Board of Fire and Police Commissioners
in revoking this Uoense Dinuzzo set
forth in the petition that th
license should not be revoked upon con
viction in the court of an examining
magistrate auch as the police Judge and
the law Is declared to be unconstitutional
for four reasons. The argument already
offered In district court to prove It un
constitutional, to the effect that It is not
(Continued on Second Page.)
Soars to 210
of Big Dividend
Tne speculation continued with great
animation and varying fortunes through
out the day. Union Pacific waa lifted
above 210. Reading touched 164, Southern
Pacific 137S. United Statea Steel 78 and
Illinois Central waa run up 4V4 points to
The feverish character of aome of the
later advances aroused suspicion and made
the profvssional traders watchful for signs
of reaction. There also was heavy realiz
ing on the advances and the prices were
forced back 1 to S points in the active Is
sues late In the day. Rumors were circu
lated that Union Pacific waa about to an
nounce a plan for a distribution of certi
ficates of participation In profits on Its
investments amongst the stockholders.
There were revived rumors also of an In
tended Increase in dividends on the Harii
maa fact flea and on Illinois Central.
OF POWER SITES
Messrs. Wilson and Faxson Defend
Acts of Secretary Balling-er is
ATTACK UPON POWER C0MPAN1
Delegate Says Spokane Corporation is
Ruining- Farms of Settlers.
FARM OWNER ONLY THE A0EN1
Prof. Bailey Says He is Under Obli
gation to Care for Soil.
DIRECTOR TRUE EXPLAINS W0RI
He Kara Greateat Xeed of ArU
Realnn la Information Re
aardlng lee of Water
SPOKANF-. Wesh., Aug. U-John Wilson,
foimer United States senator from Wah
Ington, and John Farson, mllllonalr
banker of Chicago, today came to the de
fense of Secretary Balllnger before thi
National Irrigation congress ind succeeded
In keeping the so-called "Balllnger-Plncho
feud" In the public eye.
Discussion about the hotels lsot nigh.
seemed to Indicate that both sides of the
reclamation controversy were content to
let nutters rest, notwithstanding th
rumors that the Balllnger supporters In
tended to make a detailed reply o tin
chsrges offered by former Governor Georg
C. Pardee of California.
Dr. Pardee started today's oontrovcrs;
by questioning a statement by a speaker.
He again accused Secretary Balllnger oi
permitting the opening for entry of valu
able water power Kea.
This brought Mr. Farson to his feet, ask
lng Dr. Pardee If he meant to insinuau
that the secretary waa dishonest., With
Dr. Pardee's reply that he meant no such
accusation the Incident was dropped.
Attack on Power Company.
W. W. Ferrell of Ferrell, Idaho, attacked
the Washington Power company, which
supplies power to Spokane.
"I have been a settler In Idaho for twenty-five
years," he shouted, "and there are
many who have worked hard to make
homes. And now, after a quarter of a cen
tury, the Washington Power company, one
of the many which threatens our very lives,
has darned up our valley, overflowed our
lands, drowned out our crops and are about
to lose their means of livelihood. There
are in my town men who will smash that
dam with dynamite and send a wall of
water down this valley, and what will hap
pen to Spokane will make the Johnstown
flood look like a common shedding of tears,
if something is not done."
Wilson Tratses Bellinger.
Former Senator Wilson replied! .
"There may be those who do wrong In
this land," he said. "There may b water,
power companies that disobey the law, but
1 want to say here that I stand for Rich
ard A. Balllnger and 1 shall hear no man
say he Is dishonest.
"If It Is necessary, I am here to defend
Balllnger's superior President TafO What
they have done they have done under the
law. It is for the people to support tho
government and not the government the
people, and for this reason I say that pri
vate enterprises should reclaim these des
erts." One of the Interesting addresses of the
day was that by Mrs. Emmons Crocker, a
delegate from the Federation of Women's
Clubs. She said that women first came on
a par with men when President Roosevelt
Invited Mrs. Sarah Piatt Decker to attend
the gathering of governors to discuss na
Farmer Only Agent.
That no man owns his farm, but only Is
an agent under obligation to conserve his
soil, was the doctrine promulgated at Na
tional Irrigation congress this morning, by
L. H. Bailey, director of New York College
of Agriculture, who spoke on farm com
munity. He said . it la not true that a
young man must go west to take up a new
farm. He asserted that the west is In
danger of becoming less fertile and that
the east is less liable to this danger, and
quoted from tha reports of the Country
Life commission to sustain this statement.
Prof. Samuel Fortier of the Department
of Agriculture, delivered an address on the
proper use of water.
H. W. Campbell and O. L. Walker of the
Department of Agriculture also spoke.
Scope of Experiment Worst.
Dr. A. C. True, director of the office of
experiment stations of the Department of
Agriculture, spoke next, explaining the
scope and purpose of the Irrigation Invest
igation carried on by his department. The
scope, he said, is the use of water In Irri
gation, and Its purpose ia the largest use
of our water supplies and the adoption of
the best methods in their use. '
"At present the greatest need of th arid
region. Judged by the calls upon ua for
help, la along tha second line of work com
mitted to ua by congress the uae of Irri
gation watera, with especial suggestions of
the best methods tor the utilization of Ir
rigation watera In agriculture,
"Throughout the arid region the Increase
In the area under dltoh haa outrun the
natural increase In population, and aa a
consequence you must look to the humid
region for the farmers who will give value
to the ditches built and the landa eovared.
These prospective farmers are uninformed
as to the general conditions under Which
they will have to live, and also aa to the
methode of using water In the production
of oropa. The dltoh promoters do much to
supply the first deficiency, but the people
of the east are suspicious of advertise
ments and they write by hundreds to our
department asking about this or that
scheme, whether It Is legitimate, 'and
whether the claims aa to crops grown are
true. It haa been Impossible to answer
theae In detail, but wa have, during tha
laat year, had prepared and lsaued a Series
of bulletins on Irrigation tn different states
and territories, the central Idea of which
Is to present the Information needed by a
person who Is considering settlement on
Irrigated lands anywhere In tha west.
i Need of New Settlers.
"These bulletins contain the Informa
tion the settler needs in deciding whether
he wishes to take up Irrigated landa and
where he shall settle. But he la In
greater need when he goea on the landa.
He doea not know when nor how to apply
tha water to hie soli. Much of thla be
must learn by experience, but we are
doing what we can to meet hie Steeda by
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