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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1909)
The Omaha Daily Bee
TlIE OMAHA DEE
for to the hosseo Is read r th
mwi MlU good for dTtrtlMn.
For Nebraska Generally fair.
For low l.ocnl howerg.
For MthM report e pc 8.
VOL. XXXIX-NO. 49.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 12, 1909 TEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
Indication! for Settlement of Street
Cat Trouble! in Chicago
K0 Eiri"INlTE OFFER TO MEN
Union Officials Are Insisting Upon a
KORE PROMISES ABE .MADE
Korth and West Side Lin Sub
mit Terms Toda. ."..
STRIKE COMING, SAYS
toa ( Work br Moorae
Coadaetor la Almot
CHICAGO. August 11.-Th street cr
nltustlon In thin city becam darker today
than It bin been at any Mm since the
unlcn men voted strlk. The failure of
the conference between the union leader
and the officials of tha street railway com
panles to result In any, tanirlble offer that
the unlen offlclala thought they could talk
to their men and cava rise to a growing
dissatisfaction among the employe.
The union official tonight demand some
thing beside promise to place before their
men and declare that unless they can get
It soon thay will not b responsible for
what might oeeur. At a conference held
between President T. K. Mitten of the City
Railway company and President M. C.
Buckley of tha South Fide Street Car
Men's union, Mr. Mitten proposed to give
tha Increase asked for, but making the
-cent an hour scale applicable only to
those employee who have been in the
service ten ' years. Buckley refused this
and said tha only thing the untona would
accept would be an advance to SO cents
within two years. Mr. Mitten aald he would
bave to confer with his stockholders.
President John Roach of the North and
West sld lines haa promised to make the
unions a definite offer tomorrow.
"Substantial progress has been made and
I feel confident of an early settlement,"
said Walter L. Fisher, the city's represen
tative In the conferences. t
"A strike among the street car employes
seems almost Inevitable now," aald M. B,
Herley, city traction expert.
Bvletlona Res la Today.
PITTSBURG. Aug 11. Early tomorrow
morning forty Schoenvllle strikers and their
families will be evicted from the Pressed
Steel Car company's houses at McKees
Rock by the sheriff of Allegheny county
and a fore of armed deputies. The sheriff
. warned his deputies tonight to use peace
able meow lav the oHcttown
The question of arbitration In the strike
trouble Is now In abeyance until August IS.
At that time the common pleas court will
rule on the advisability of Invoking the
law of arbitration passed In the state of
Pennsylvania In ISM.
Today was marked by several minor
clashes between the state constabulary and
strikers. , .
After Cover nor Draper.
BOSTON', Aug. U. Referring to the gov
ernor Of Massacuhsetts merely as "Eben i
Draper," a committee appointed at a pe-
clal convention of the Massachusetts statu
branch, American 'Federation of Labor,
held her today, recommended that every
effort be mad to defeat In campaigns (or
public office Governor Draper, "and all
other political enemies of the trade union
The convention wa called to consider
Governor Draper's veto of the eight-hour
labor bill passed by the last legislature and
tha genera defeat of other labor measures
by the legislatures and to decide on recom
mendations as to what action organise'.!
labor ahould take In the primaries and
lections next tall.
Calls for Help
C Q D Signal Prevents Probable
Wreck of Clyde Liner Off
Beaufort, N. C.
BEAITORT. N. C.. August 11 Th
steamship Araphoe of the Clyde line for
Jrrkionvlll and Savannah, from New
York broke It tall shaft this afternoon
at t it o'clock and reported by wlrelesa
nuerage received at this station at 4:30
o'clock that It was drifting helplessly. The
hip at the time that It flashed it "C. Q.
1," was twenty-one miles southwest of
Diamond Shoals lightship.
The wind la strong from th northeast
and 1 driving th ship on short. It Is
heavily loaded and ha a number of pas
senger on board.
Wlreleas report say that the steamer
Huron of h Clyde line arrived to aid th
Araphoe at ! p. rri. Th Huron I standing
by and possibly will take th Araphoe In
PLAN FOR TAF1-DIAZ MEETING
Mealcaa fflelala Will Take Step to
Pat the City la
EL PASO, Toaae. Aug. lL-Ignacio d la
Barra, brother of th Mexican ambassador
to th Vnited States, and commute of
three other Mexican official arrived at
Cludad Juarea. across the Rto Grand
from Bl Paso, last night. They will take
Immediate step to put th city Into utt
abl condition for th meeting between
president Taft and President Dial.
Th Mexican offiaala oalled on Mayor
Sweeney of El Paso today to discuss plans
tot tha aoeetlDg.
CUSTOMS RECEIPTS GROWING
ejollortloa, Yesterday Nearly Qaarter
Mlllioa Mere Tkaa Savas Day
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11 -Receipts from
custom today aggregate SLI41.US, a
agllnat H.t.:0S for th eorree ponding day
last year. Th acea 1 attributed In
great mwuur te larg Imports of certain
article ea whlcH wr deciwaeed by th
,are , fkf tivUv'i recelota Saji
Case at Helena
Plaintiff is Given Judgment for
$203,192. and Defendant Given
Ninety Days to Appeal.
HELENA, Mont., Aug. 11. Damages of
$20S,191 were today awarded the plaintiff In
the suit of the St. Louis Mining and Mill
ing company against the Montana Mining
company, limited, which was Instituted to
collect 1 1. 00,000 for ores alleged to have
been Illegally extracted from Its property.
Tha property consists of a narrow yet ex
ceedingly rich strip of gold bearing ground
In the Marysvllle district of thlc county.
The case has occupied the attention of the
federal court for two months without In
terruption. It Is the most famous mining
litigation In the history of the state and
has been before the courts for twenty
years. The defendant was given ninety
days In which to prepare a bill of excep
tions, and a stay of execution was granted
for that period. Likewise no operations In
the disputed property will he permitted
until the issue Is finally determined by rhe
highest judicial tribunal In the land.
Six Cities Are After Next Convention
of International Typograph
FT. JOSEPH. Mo, August 11. Delegates
to the International Typographical union
were entertained tonight with a dance at
the Lotus club at Lake Contrary.
Six cities have asked for the convention
next year. They are Atlanta, Minneapolis,
Salt Lake City. Houston. Rochester, N. Y.,
and Excelsior Springs, Mo. Tbe ballot will
be taken tomorrow morning.
Typographical union No. 40 of St. Joseph
will celebrate Its Jubilee tomorrow with a
program at Krug park.
At today's session the freedom of th
floor was extended G. L. Berry' of Cln-''
clnnatt president of the International
Printing Tressmen and Assistants union,
W. B. Prescott of Chicago, for many years
president of the International Typographi
cal union and H. N. Kellogg of Chicago,
commissioner of arbitration for the Ameri
can Newspapers Publishers' association.
Berry pleaded for co-operation between
the printers and pressmen's organizations.
Kellogg urged harmony, between printer
and publishers for their mutual benefit.
Small Boy Shot
Walter Strayer of Lincoln, Aged 9,
Killed by Phillip Whitt, Aged
LINCOLN, Neb , Aug. 1. Walter Strayer,
a child of 9 years, was shot in the fore
head and killed by his playmate, Philip
Whltt. A .38-callber revolver was used to
Inflict the wound. The bullet entered the
chin and ranged to the back of the neck,
causing partial paralysis. He was able to
whisper that the shooting had been Inten
tional, but when the Whitt child was
found after several hours' search he rip.
! clared the gun had gone off accidentally.
The little Strayer boy lingered several
hours after being shot. The Whltt boy Is
11 years old. Members of both families say
they think the shooting accidental.
COOL WAVES HITS THE EAST
Sweltering Weather Gives Way to
Moderate Temperatare Still
Hot In the West.
WASHINGTON, Aug. ll.-Th sweltering
weather that has enveloped the east with
It trail of many prostrations and a few
fatalities has given place to a cool wave.
Tor the next thirty-six hours, according
to today's official prognostications, there
will be moderate temperature throughout
th eastern states. Out In the plains'
states and the Mississippi valley, how
ever, the warm weather continue. Con
ditions remain unsettled over the gulf
of Mexico and there ar Indications of a
disturbance a considerable distance south
east of the Texas coast.
EPIDEMIC TAKES INFANTS
Five Deaths Orrar la St. Paal aa
Re-alt of lalaatlle
ST. PAt'L, Minn., Aug. 11. Five deaths
and a total of forty-seven new caea of
Infantile paralysis have been reported to
th health department to date, seven new
cases being reported today.
Thief Steals $4,000 from
Sioux Cityan, but is Caught
C. F. Morris, a real estate man of Hloux
City, saved himself from a 4.0u0 theft in
Omaha at th hands of a pair of smooth
Th thieve took hi pocketbook, but he
missed It bafer they could get away, gave
the alarm by rushing after th thief who
had hi money, and starting a chk that
attracted the attention of M person ' on
Farnam street, resulted In the capture of
on of th pickpockets and the finding of
th pocketbook In an old shoe at th fruit
tor of C. Gonella at 110 South Thirteenth
street. Th second Uiief made his escape.
Mr. Morris left th Pax ton hotel shortly
before noon to take a street car for feuuth
Omaha. Just ahead of him as he was
getting on the car h noticed a large man
who purposely blocked the way. This
man's action aroused the fiioux City visi
tor' ausplcion and he glanced behind, to
ae another man very clos to him in th
act of putting something In hi pocket
Mr. Norrla, a If by Instinct, at one fell
for bl pocketbook and found It was miss
ing. Then be leaped from th car after the
man on th pavement and chased him
across th street to th corner in front of
the Rock Island railroad office. Her he
President Discusses Political Condi
tions in Orient with Ambas
sador to Japan.
FEW RECESS APPOINTMENTS
None Will Be Made Except When
TRIP DOWN THE MISSISSIPPI
Executive Will Make Several Speeches
from Steamer's Deck.
COOL DAY IN NEW ENGLAND
Chief Kucotlve Goea for Automobile
Ride M off led l"p la Overcoat
Begins Reg-alar Exercise
BEVERLY. Mass., Aug. 11 President
Taft talked with the American ambassador
to Japan, Thomas J. O'Brien, for more than
an hour this afternoon on the porch of his
summer cottage. The ambassador went
carefully over every question of Importance
which wss pending when he left Toklo on
leave of absences Mr. O'Brien Is to be re
tained by the president as ambassador and
Is credited with being as close to the throne
as any ambassador at the Japanese court.
Mr. O'Brien brought many messages of
congratulation and good will to Mr. Taft
from the president's friends In Japan.
These friends Include men both In and out
of official life. After his Interview with
Ambassador O'Brien President Taft de
clared that matters In the far east were
very satisfactory. The ' probability of a
break between China and Japan over th?
Antung-Mukden railway Improvement was
not taken up, since the situation, which
now seems to be adjusting Itself, had not
become acute when Mr. O'Brien left the
Japanese empire. The question of the
Japan-American treaty is soon to be taken
up in this country and It Is believed the
president gained much Information for fu
ture use In his talk with the ambassador.
Mr. O'Brien will sail for Europe on Friday,
but will return to this country on bis way
back to his post.
Few Recess Appointments.
President Taft made the important
declaration today that It will be his. policy
to make as few recess appointments as
possible. In cases of vacancies on th fed
eral bench, especially, the president has
stated he will make appointments only In
districts where the need of a judge Is shown
to be imperative. The president does not
believe It good policy to appoint a man to
a life position and to commission him In
the absence of confirmation by the senate.
There have been several Instances In re
cent years when federal judges failed of
confirmation after serving from on to
three years and the situation thus created
have been embarrassing. . .'''.
Mr. Taft'a declaration of hi policy as to
recess appointments came up In connection
with the vacancy on the district court
bench at Chicago occasioned by th death
of Judge Bethea. Mr. Taft will not fill
this vacancy until congress meets In De
cember. Talk With Jada-e Abbott.
The president had a long talk with Judge
Ira E. Abbott of New Mexico after
luncheon today. Judge Abbott haa been
spending the summer at Haverhill, his old
home, and called to give he president some
Information about political affairs In the
territory. The question of statehood of
New Mexico did not enter Into the Inter
view, for the president takes It for granted
that congress will carry out the party's
platform declaration for separate state
hood for both New Mexicon and Arizona.
The president Is to make several stops In
both of these territories on hi western
The president will not attend th army
maneuver around Boston the week of Au
gust 11-21. He thinks his visit would be
"too official" for th vacation period.
I.oara Game of Golf.
Indeed, the president laughingly de
clared today the invading torcea could
capture Boston, Beverly or Ipschwlck, Just
so they did not Invade the golf links at
Myopia and Essex.
On the Essex links today the president
and John Hayea Hammond were for the
second time defeated by General Adelbert
Ames and W. J. Herman of Boston. To
day the president and Mr. Hammond lost
by 1 up as against up last Monday.
The president could not be drawn Into
any discussion that savored of politic
today and announced that all such sub
ject are tabooed during vacation time.
He would not admit that he had seen any
"Insurgents" threat In th paper and
this Included the Cummins' boom for th
presidency In 1912. Mr. Taft 1 "out of
school" for five weeks and he 1 playing
at play with his might.
Late today the president and Mr. Taft
and Captain Butt took a three miles auto-
(Continued on Second Page.)
neck. The thief ran on without striking
back and dodged down the alley between
Farnam and Harney and ran east to Thir
By thi time a larg crowd waa following
down th alley In purult and th thief
ran Into th fruit store of C. Gonella, 110
bouth Thirteenth street The proprietor
wa not In and the fellow picked up an
old aho Into which he placed th wallet
he had taken from Mr. Morns.
After this he ran out of th stor and
started north. A crowd of fifty men and
boy he held at bay ther by making a
pretense at drawing a gun. Juat aa he
started to move away some boy In th
crowd burled a large stone at him and
brought him to the ground. A big negro
ran up and caught hold of the thief and
held him until th police arrived.
Th pocketbook In th fruit store was
found by Detective Malonay few min
ute after th thief waa captured. It con
tained a check on a Sioux City bank for
3. and about StOO In currency .
At th police station th thief gav hi
nam of Thomas Mahar of Bt Joseph, Mo.
He refused to say anything regarding his
pal. The detective ar now hunting th
second man. It'i supposed be escaped by
going west oa rarnaas. while Jdaaer jwaj
Mymm IMS " t msk ' ' i
Faghlon Nolo: The) New Hat for Women Has Just Come from Franco.
Toque and Is Eighteen Inches Tall, Made ol Fur, Topped
From th'e Washington Ftar.
GUNSHOT EXPERT ON STAND
Dr. Schaeffer Says Lieutenant Sutton
Could Not Have Shot Himself.
SKULLS PART OF THE EXHIBIT
Sergeant Todd Testifies as to Seeing;
Maa Running and Hearing; Call
to Halt. After Which Four
Shot Were Fired.
ANNAPOLIS. M(3 . A i. ttry- aTom
feature wa tnls afternoon Introduced la
the proceeding In the court of inquiry
Into the death of Lieutenant James N.
Sutton, jr., of the United States Marine
forps, when t1e legal representative of
Mrs. Sutton, the mother of the dead lieu
tenant, brought to the witness stand Dr.
Edward M. Schaeffer of Washington, an
expert on gunshot wounds.
The people In the room, spectators and
Interested parties alike, crowded around
the table and (raxed with the keenest In
terest upon the doctor while he placed
upon the table glistening skulls to the ex
terior of one which he affixed. In little
Urns of wax, steel rods Intended to Indi
cate to th members of the court the
course of the bullet in the skull of Lieu
tenant Sutton. Lieutenant Adams had
given a dramatic Illustration of the po
sition of Lieutenant Sutton when th fatal
shot was fired. The doctor waa equally
dramatic as ha stretched himrelf upon the
table- and showed by pantomime how, in
his opinion as an expert. It was quite Im
possible that Lieutenant Sutton could ever
have fired into his own head the shot that
put an end to his life.
One of the points which the witness
dwelt upon with considerable stress was
the Impossibility of Lieutenant Sutton
being able, under the circumstance de
scribed In the testimony, to exert suf
ficient pull on the trigger of the revolver
to bring uown the hammer of the weapon
upon the cartridge. Ghastly skulls and
a flow of technical terms that kept the
official stenographers busy asking for
repetition were much in evidence during
the afternoon and up to the time when
court adjourned. Dr. Schaeffer waa still
on the stand under cross-examination by
Dr. Birney, counsel for Lieutenant Adams.
Story of Ser;en at Todd.
The evidence of Sergeant Todd, touch
ing which considerable interest had been
aroused by a published alleged interview
with him, while It did not confirm th
Interview In whole, did bring Into the of
ficial evidence some points not In con
sonance with evidence which had been
given previously by young officer of the
Sergeant Todd said b heard an unusual
noise In th guard room and there found
Lieutenants Adams and Osterman, who
asked him for weapons, saying there was
trouble in the camp. They got no weapons.
Shortly after he heard shots fired. Later
Lieutenant Roelker, In civilian attire, came
to him and said he had been shot.
The witness found In Roelker's pocket a
drill regulation book, he said, In the pages
of which he found a bullet. There waa a
(Continued on Second Page.)
Are you looking
for a room?
An easy way is not to wear
out shoe leather but to look
through the list of rooms of
fered for rent on the want ad
pages of The Bee. There you
will find practically a com
plete directory of the desir
able rooms with sufficient in
formation to enable you to
judge which will meet your
requirements. Then, by in
specting these, you will, be
sure to find what you want.
Have you. read Uio want ads. yut
Four Are Lost,
Three on Raft
Cargo of Anchors Causes Naval Tug
to Upset in Stiff Gale Off
rtOCKPORT, Mass., Aug. 11. The cargo
of anchors on board the naval tug Nesln
scot. Captain Evans, proved too great a
burden and It rolled down th coast from
Portsmouth. ' to Boston before a northerly
gale early today and after th seas had
flooded the engine room, the tug rolled
over and sank off Cape Ann.
Four of Its crew lost their lives, while
nine others, Including the captain's wife
and boy reached land after a hard strug
gle. The lost were:
CHARLES F. TROTTER, acting assistant
C. L. TAYLOR, ordinary seaman.
C. F. WHITE, colored, ships cook, first
L. R. EDWARDS, colored, seaman.
Captain S. Evans and Machinists Mate A.
Belfrlc were taken from an oak grating
by a life saving crew after they had been
in the water nearly five hours and had
seen Dr. Trotter washed off Into the sea.
Lincoln Man Hurt
in Stage Wreck
Edwin F. Richards and Daughter Are
Among Victims of New Hamp
SANDWICH, N. H., Aug. 3L-(Speclal
Telegram.) In a frightful runaway acci
dent near Meredith, N. H , this morning
Edwin F. Richards and his daughter,
Marie, prominent resident of Lincoln, Neb.,
on a vacation, were badly hurt. Mr. Rich
ards has two broken ribs, a fractured col
larbone and possible Internal Injuries. His
daughter escaped with bruisea.
A stage driven by a woman, who ha
been In four runaway accidents In two
weeks, broke down descending a high hill.
The horses were guided at terrific speed
Into a ditch, th coach overturned and all
the passengers burled beneath. On woman
who live In Connecticut haa gone Insane
from her experience. She cannot tell who
she Is or remember anything.
Gutzon Borglum to
Make Tatt's Bust
Noted Sculptor Will Go to Beverly
as Soon as He Returns
NEW TORK, Aug. U.-It waa learned
tody that Gutzon Borglum, th sculptor,
has received a commission to make a bust
of President Taft. Mr. Borglum will re
turn from a western trip within a day or
two and It I understood he will go to
Iteveiiy to execute the commission.
FREMONT, Neb., Aug. ll-(SpeclaI.)-As
a sequel to the heroic act of Frank
Larson, a fireman on the Chicago A North
western railway, wbo saved little Earl
Deianey from death beneath the wheels
of hi engine near Exeter, Nob., two year
ago, comes th announcement that th
young man 1 10 be united In marrlag V
th mother of th little tot at th Cathollo
church her next Sunday.
Larson's first meeting with his bride-lobe
wa brought about under th most ro
mantic circumstance. He wa firing on
I an engine running at th rat of thirty
It Is Called the Russian
by an Aigrette.
DIXDZZO MAKES TWO APPEALS
Closes Saloon, but Proceeds to Fight
Case in Court.
BOARD EXILING UNSATISFACTORY
Will Ask District Judge for taper
cedeas and Heqaest Sapreme
C'oort to Overrule Jndg
"We re preparing an appeal from the
decision of Judge Sutton to th supreme
court to bo filed at once," said W. M
Oilier of Weaver dt Oilier, attorneys . In
the Dlnutio S o'clock closing case. "Our
appeal from the Sutton decision, which up
holds the constitutionality of the closing
law. Is on the same grounds that formed
the basis of our original action."
Frank Dinuzzo closed his saloon at
Twelftn and Douglas streets this morning,
or rather he did not open It, In conformance
with tho ruling of the Board of Fire and
Police Commissioners, which revoked his
license because he sold liquor after S p. m.
"But we shall also file an appeal flora
the decision of the board," said Mr. Giller.
"We (hall ask the district court for tt
supercedeas and If wa obtain It Dinuzzo
may reopen his place and continue business
pending the action in the courts. It has
been the process in such cases to grant
supercedeasea and we hope to obtuln one
;i this case."
"I don't know that the Anti-Saloon
league has any plans further to prosecute
In th matter of our protest for th re
vocation of th Dlnuxso license," said
Harry A. Stone, secretary of the league.
All our papers Vnd Information Is in the
hands of tha governor and I see he haa
turned It over to the attorney general, so
we are leaving It entirely up to him now."
Dlnuszo's trial will be taken up In Judge
Sutton's court Thursday morning. If evi
dence can be secured by the prosecution a
jury will be waived and the trial will be
car: led through. If another delay Is nec
essary the district court will not adjourn
Saturday, as bad been decided, and tin
case will come up Monday.
Although Dlnuzzo's license has already
been revoked he Is still liable to punishment
by a fine of $100. It has been said in court
that his attorneys would bring no witnesses
fur defense, but would allow City Prose
cutor Dickinson to make a prima facie case
and will appeal directly to th supreme
court upon conviction. It a possible that
a decision on th matter can be got from
the supieme court Immediately.
If Dinuzzo' case can be finally won he
cau recover from th city th 11,000 ha paid
for a. license.
WESTERN MATTERS AT CAPITAL
Raral Carrier Named for Roates
lowaa aad Soatk
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, Aug. 11. (Special Tele
gram.) Rural carrier appointed: Iowa
Bellevue. rout No. (, Fred L. Ernet car
rier, no substitute. South Dakota Burke,
route No. 1, Gustave E. Linden carrier, no
substitute; route No. 2, Goorge S. Gudge
carrier, Fannie B. Gudge substitute; route
No. 3, L. E. Snyder carrier, L 8. Snyder
Life He Saved
a child ahead, asleep on the rail. It was
took late to stop the engine, which wa
pulling heavy load of cara. Crawling
down over th pilot, Larson thrust the little
tot aside with his foot and th babe ea
Th child wa the only son of Mrs. De
ianey, a pretty young widow, wbo was
teaching school at Exeter. Th mother
met tb brave rescuer of ber child to thank
him for hi heroic act. A warm friendship
sprang up between them, constantly grow
Ing more dear to each until It ha led
them to th threshold of th altar.
Larson, who la al year of age, U nearly
Contest Over Policy of Interior De
partment Breaks Out in Irri
POWER SITES RESTORED TO ENTRY
Former Governor Intimates That Peo
ple Have Been Betrayed.
TURNER DEFENDS SECRETARY
Washington Senator Says Official is
Within the Law.
FIVE BILLIONS ARE WANTED
Resolattons latrodaced Asklnat fnt
Slllloa Keek for Irrigation, Drain
age, "W aterways, Roads and
PPOKANR. Wash.. August lV-The Pall.
Inger-Plnehot contest burst upon th Na
tional Irrigation coi.grens this afternoon.
Dr. George C. Pardee, former governor pt
California, attacked Richard A. Bellinger.
secretary of the Interior with a fleieeness
only seconded by that of former Senator
George Turner of Washington, who de
fended the secretary.
Mr. Balllnger entered the auditorium this
afternoon surrounded by a reception com
mittee and when he arose to speak he wns
cheered for several minutes. He read from
a paper his ideas on reclamation and th
public domain. He contended that what
has been done by the secretary of the
Interior was under the law.
Mr. Balllnger 'a Speech.
His speech In part follows:
"While the government has Invested over
$50,000,000 In Irrigation works, many times
that amount has been Invested sine the
passage of the reclamation act by pri
vate enterprise and It Is safe to say that
a large portion of these private Investments
have resulted from governmental example
and encouragement; and let me say here
that It has not been and la not the policy
of the national government In the admin
istration of this act to hinder or Interfere
with the Investment of private capital in
the construction of Irrigation works, but
rather to lend it encouragement. This Is
particularly true In reference to Irrigation
under the Carey act in the various states.
"The purpose of th reclamation act Is
to undertake the Irrigation of arid and
seml-arld lands where a considerable por
tion thereof belongs to th public domsui,
and by the diverting of availabl waters
to irrigate the largest possible area within
a given territory at the least cost to tho
en try men and land owners, for construc
tion, maintenance and operation, aim-ays
keeping in view the matter of th settle
ment of thee lands ard rendering them
capable of supporting the greatest number
of famllle. Th law la a beneficial one.
It differs, however, from tb simple home.
I stv&d law in that it hold out inducement
only to men of sufficient authority and
capacity to carry the added burdens of
construction, maintenance and operation,
which Is the cost of the land. While it is
possible that persons of limited mean may
successfully enter and acquire Irrigated
lands, it will generally be found that tt
Is not a poor man's proposition unless
coupled with Intelligent Industry In agri
culture. Any one who has visited one or more
of the reclamation projects now In opera
tion and sees on the one hand th desert.
covered with sage brush and barrenness.
and, on the other, the water flowing over
the fertile soil, producing heavy erops of
grain, or orchards of fruit, appreciates to
the fullest extent th benefit of lrrlga-.
New Project Hinder Old.
The people of th weat, therefore, who
are familiar with thes wonderful results
in irrigation, ar highly appreciative of th
Importance of tbe reclamation ervtc, but
the great difficulty which th service en
counters Is In finishing th project now
undertaken as against the clamor for a
diversion of the funds to new field. In
this respect the service hs suffered In
not carrying to completion a less number
of projects than it Is now engaged In con
struction. 'I cannot conceive of anything which
will contribute mora to th permanent
wealth and prosperity of the reclamation
states and territories pan the continued
construction of the broadest possible seal
of Irrigation work.
The danger which Jh government 1
undertaking to overcome 1 th establish
ment of small Irrigation projeou In locali
ties, whereby such establishment tho
larger opportunities ar destroyed, thus
preventing enormou area of lands from
ever acquiring th us of water. For lack
of funds, th government I at present
often required to aurrender possibilities In
water appropriation which moan an en
ormous loss In future development of Irri
gation works, and I fear this 1 not fully
ppreclated. It 1 for this reason that at
times private enterprises ar disposed to
contend that the government U obstructing
their Interests, while from th larger view
their Interest ar obstructing greater pos
sibilities for larger area of Irrlgabl land.
'I may mention her what ha fre
quently occurred to me aa a sourc of ad
vantage both to the states and th fed
eral government and that 1 th securing
from the various states of uniform legis
lation in the matter of th appropriation
of water and its beneficial us and also
legislation looking to the control and con
servation of all available water power.
I'alforaa Regalatlon by States.
"Thl congres could accompliah greater
work beyond th stimulation of Interest
In th development' of Irrigation than to
secure uniform water regulations In th
state and also uniform legislation affecting
"Ours I a nation of busy people, a na
tion of great resource and possibilities
and most favorably situated for trad and
commerce, it wealth la greater than that
of any single country, even of Frane and
Germany combined, and thi wealth I In
creasing at a bulous rate. Much of It
has been accumulated by th destruction,
by th t.crifics and wast of natures
gtfta. and It 1 a fortuitous circumstance
that the country has been brought to un
derstand the Importance of utilising and
saving our natural wealth and making It
possible for the nation to eonduu to pros
per and far th generation taaa ar to
com to have some share la tha prosper.
yllt tin a fclw wua big run 9a th
Jaut ,-fi ...
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