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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (July 17, 1909)
The Omaha Daily Bee
For Nebraska Wanner.
For Iowa Fntr.
For weather report fop page 3.
PAGE5 1 TO t.
OMAHA, SATURDAY MOUSING, .TULY 17, 1009 SIXTEEN PAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
VOL. XXXIX-NO. 27.
Iron Ore, Coal, Hides, Oil and Lumber
Are Main Points of Dif
ference. TAFT'S ATTITUDE COUNTING
Secretary of Interior Writes Letter
Explaining His Action Concern
ing Power Sites.
NEW SHAH NAME?.
Tells Delegation of Congressmen that
Crown Prince Ahmed Mirza is Duly
Proclaimed Ruler of Persian
OLD ONE IS NOT RECOGNIZED
Republican Platform Must Be
SCHEDULES QUESTION OF FACT
Little Change Made in Senate Woolen
RATES ON SPIRITS ARE RAISED
Post View Cards Given Greatest In
crease in Entire Bill.
AGRICULTURAL DUTIES FIXED
( oraprnmliif on It Item Itnrhrd,
lint Details of It Are Kept
Serret for the
WASHINGTON, July 16.-Twenty-four
hours would see the end of the work of
the senate and house conferees on the
tariff bill and a substantial agreement on
the questions t issue but for the five
propositions Iron ore, coal, hides, oil and
lumber upon which the president stands
firm for radical reductions or even aboli
tion of the tariff. This Is the way the
conferees describe the situation, and upon
Capitol Hill they are facetiously calling
these propositions "the national Issues."
Great progress was made by the con
ferees today. A preponderance of the dif
ferences in nearly all of the schedules have
been adjusted. In each schedule, however,
there are some few Items that have neces
sitatis Investigation in order to enable
the conferees to get together. A number
of these Inquiries have not been completed.
This Is true of lead products, such as
paints In the chemical schedule; numerous
articles In the metal schedule, on which
the rates depend on the settlement of the
Iron 4re riuestlon; the demand for a change
In the clarification of wool tops; the
that. go from ad valorem to specific rates
on cotton goods, the Increase marie hv the
house on gloves, and the wood pulp and
piint paper contest.
o Choline In Woolens.
The rates on IIKs and woolen goods were
d lei mined today. The senate won on both.
On Bilks there will be a considerable ad
vir.ee over existing duties and on wools
there Is to be no change from the present
law except In regard to wool tops, which
ait to be given a new classification. The
duty on tops Is prohibitive now, and It Is
predicted that It will continue so even after
the icduction is put Into force
The adjustment of the woolen schedule Is
the result of a conference today between
IUpreaentaitves McL'all of Massachusetts,
Hi.utcll of Illinois and Foidney of Michi
gan, which represented th views of the
house, and Senators Smoot, Carter and
Warren, who represented '.he demand of
the wool growers.
The senate provision re-enacted the Ding
ley rules of the ' whole woolen schedule,
while the house provided for material re
ucilons, especially in the Interest of the!
larded wool Industry.
No decision has been reached definitely
concerning tops, but the probability is that
they will be provided for specuicauy at a
rate between the existing rate on scoured
wool and spun yarn.
In the Dlngley law tops fall In the para
graph covering knit fabrics and all manu
factures of every description wholly or In
part of wool. The house has demanded
from the first that the rate on wool tops
be fixed in a separate paragraph. Wool
tups is a technical term given to scoured
wool which has been combed and advanced
in manufacture to a point where lu Is
ready to be converted by the spinner Into
yarns. The process is one of the most
costly In the various stages of preparing
wool for manufacture.
thenars In 811k Schedule.
The acceptance of the senate silk schedule
provides specific duties Instead of the ex
isting ad valorem rates. The change was
made chiefly for the purpose of preventing
the undervaluations of silks, velvets ana
chenilles, manuiaciuieu .u
low cost. It is said that it meets ine a.-
sires of both the manutacturers and l.n-
The duty on cheap grades of silk has been
. , i ..... I....-....,. u u niHiie on the
reuueeu. uui u.. ...... :.v -
mure costly silks, velvets, chenilles una
chiffons. High grade silks were ciasseu uy
the senate as luxuries and It is alleged mat
the now rate will yield more than XOoO.lAW
over ihe revenues from Importations of
silks under the Dlngley law.
It was believed that the cotton schedule
would be disposed of today, but Repre
sentative Payne was not ready to proceed.
The senate provided specific rates Instead
of the ad valorem of the existing law and
the house bill. Representative Payne
wished to discuss the changes before ac
it Is charged that the senate rates will
result li; Increase on many high grades of
cotton goods, but the senate conferees have
Insisted that the specific rates will oper
ate to cany out the Intent of the Dlngley
They say that court decisions have re
sulted in beating down the duties paid by
Importers on cottdn goods to figures "ri
Higher Duties on Spirits.
Another Important schedule disposed of
today was wines, spirits and liquors. The
senate treated this schedule as belonging
to the class of luxuries and made an In
crease amounting to about 15 per cent on
most of the articles under the head of spir
its. On champagnes. In bottles of the ordi
nary commercial sixes, the existing rate of
$3 a doxen for quarts is advanced to $9 60,
with a similar advance on pints and other
slifU It is estimated that these rates will
produce about $3,000,000 annually more than
is derived under the Dlngley rates. France
exhibited considerable concern over the
advance on champagnes, and representa
tions against the increase were made to
The conferees received communications
oa this subject through Secretary of State
Knox. Tariff experts, who had assisted
the senate committee on finance, reported
ta the conference committee that they
were of the opinion the higher duties
weuld not result in decreased importations.
Ia consequence of this report the con
ferees accepted the senate amendment
solely because of the revenues it would
The Grecian government also has played
(poaUnued OA Second face.)
SEATTLE, Wash., July 16. Secretary of
the Interior Balllnger, who has been rep
resented in newspaper and magazine ar
ticles as having reversed the former policy
of the department In the manner of the
withdrawal from sale or entry of public
lands containing power sites, has written
a letter to the Seattle Times, In which he
sets forth what he has done. Mr. Bull in
'The facts In connection with the water
power withdrawals are substantially as
'Upon discovering that large areas of
land had been withdrawn through the re
clamation service without any specific
knowledge of the water power facilities,
these lauds, aggregating many thousands
of acres of agricultural and other lands
withdrawn under a blanket system which
was based on slight field knowledge of the
existence of the power sites, and with no
funds In the reclamation bureau or any
Information sufficient to permit further in
vestigation, I determined to transfer that
right to the geological survey, which bu
reau possessed the data sufficient to In
clude all withdrawals that In any way af
fected power sites upon public domains.
Restorations were made of the former
withdrawals and Immediately afterwards
the geological survey furnished the de
partment data, under which all available
sites within the former withdrawals were
secured, together with large additional ter
ritory containing valuable water power
"The area originally withdrawn under
the blanket withdrawals approximated
l.OOO.OOO acres. Under data furnished by
the geological survey the acreage neces
sary to be withdrawn did not exceed 150. 000
acres, showing the wisdom of ttie course
pursued of not withdrawing any more
lands than were necessary for the pur
pose." Union Pacific
Takes Land by
Force of Arms
Makes Contention as to Right-of-Way
Which Will Affect Many
BRIGHTON, Colo., July 16,-Clalming
that under the government grant of lyw
the railroad owns 200 feet on each side of
Its track, the Union Pacific railroad took
forcible possession of a tract of land cov
ered with stores valued at $30,000 here to
day. A crew of armed laborers built a' fence
enclosing the ground In question, and for
a time a clash between the town people
and the railroad workmen seemed im
minent. If the contention as to the 400-foot
right-of-way is upheld, it will apply to the.
entire length of the Union Pacific through
several western fctatos.
Two months ago attorneys of the com-
pany notified those whom they claim in-
iringea on their right-of-way here and
offered to lease the land they then occupied
to them. This offer was refused, with the
result that the railroad has taken posses
The question to be settled hinges on the
propriety of the respective homesteads
filed and the grant to the railroad by
Fitch Wants to
Be Police Judge
Well Known Attorney Will File as
Candidate Against Bryce
Responding to the wishes of a large num
ber of his friends, V. XV. fitch has de
cided to file as a candidate for police judge
on the republican ticket. It was thought
j tnls place milfnt KO . Drsen. lncum
. bent e Crawford h ae
hag detrlnlne1 t(j contet ,he placa
Fitch has been quite prominent for a
'clubs throughout the city, and this has
brought him prominently before a large
number of voters. He Is also attorney for
the dairymen's association, and has fought
many of their cases in the courts.
TAFT'S EXPENSES TO BE PAID
Flaht on Appropriation for Travel
ing; BUI of President Is
WASHINGTON, July 1.-When the
urgent deficiency appropriation bill was
taken up today by the house the antici
pated further attacks on the provision au
thorizing $26,000 for traveling expenses of
the president were not forthcoming.
A motion to strike out the provision hav
ing failed yesterday, the action was ac
cepted as tantamount to Its acceptance and
the further reading of the bill proceeded.
The contemplated White House Improve
ments was authorized. The appropriation
of $10,000 for participation by the United
Stales In the Brussels exposition of 1910
was stricken out of the bill on objection
of Mr. Macon of Arkansas.
Cry for Soft Drinks Under
Dry Wave Consumes Barley
The prohibition wave is declared to be
responsible for the prevailing scarcity of
barley in the primary grain markets of
the country. Manufacture of malt tunics
and "near beers" has Increased tremend
ously since the recent dry wave gained
strength, and with the amount of beer
brewed holding Its own the demand for
barley has grown still greater.
The Milwaukee Grain exchange has peti
tioned the Omaha exchange to quote dally
lis barley prices, but Milwaukee has Hale
hope of gettlug oiucn malt from here be
cause local consumption requires It all.
Increased barley raising by the farmers
is the real hope of the lladgers and they
have Induced l'rwt K. A, Moore et the
His Flight to Russians Looked Upon
as Virtual Abdication.
TEHERAN FAIRLY PEACEFUL
Some Fighting, but is Being Done by
Rough Element of City.
COSSACKS GO OVER TO REBELS
Is Agreed that They Shall Retain
Their Arms, but Hereafter They
Will Plght Inder Direo
tlon of Nationalists.
TEHERAN. July 16. The national assem
bly composed of the chief mujtehlds and
leaders of the nationalist forces, today pro
claimed the crown prince. Sultan Ahmed
Mirza, shah of Persia, in the presence of j
an Immense crowd In Parliamentary I
square. Azad Ul Mulk. head of the Kajar 1
family, was made regent.
Both Sipasdar and Sardarasad, the na
tionalist leaders, will be members of the
provisional government, which doubtless
will be composed of their nominees.
The fighting between the main body of
combatants has ceased, but there Is much
firing being done by the rough element of
the city. It Is apparent an agreement has
been reached between the nationalists and
the brigade of Persian troops called the
Cossacks that has been fighting on the side
of the shah under the command of Colonel
Llakhoff and other Russian officers.
Sardarasad has agreed that the Cossacks
shall retain their arms and continue under
the command of Colonel Llakhoff. Colonel
Llakhoff will in the future, however, be
under the direct orders of the new minister
of war. Bahadur Jang, one of the chief
reactionaries, is with the shah at the Rus
Shah Flees from Throne.
The fact that, the shah of Persia today
took refuge In the Russian legation
here is accepted as tantamount to
his abdication of the throne and
arrangements are on foot to organize a
provisional government, pending the ap
pointment of a regent. It Is probable the
successful revolutionaries will choose Mo
hammed All, the ex-ruler's son, to rule the
state. Mohammed All Is a minor and will
be under a regent. It is probable that the
uncle of the dethroned shah, Zlll Es Sultan,
who is at present in Europe, will be given
Fighting- Was Fierce.
The battle last night between the Cos
sacks besieged in Artillery square and the
nationalists who, attempted to dislodge
them, was exceedingly fierce.
NoncombalantB were compelled to seek
shelter In cellars as shells were bursting
everywhere. The Cossacks succeeded In
holding their position, and on the with
drawal of the attacking party, opened fire
with their artillery on the Parliament
Under cover of this they made an at
tack upon the nationalists' headquarters,
but were repulsed by a small force, who
took up a position with a Maxim gun be
fore the British legation. There Is no way
of estimating the casualties, but so far
as known no foreigners were Injured. The
telegraph operators, who are sticking to
their posts, have the windows of their
Anxiety at St. Petersburg.
ST. PETERSBURG, July 15. The for
eign office is anxious concerning the fate
of Colonel Llakhoff and the other Russian
officers In Teheran, who, according to a
dispatch from M. Saballn, the Russian
charge d'affaires there, are In grave dan
ger at the hands of the successful na
tionalists. The Persian Cossacks, who are com
manded by these Russian officers, are be
sieged In their barracks and their position
is critical. They may be overpowered at
any moment, or they may desert to the
nationalists. The Russians include Colonel
Llakhoff, Captain Grcgorovtch, Captain
Pereblnosoff. Captalu Zatolsky, Dr. Bolt
aushko and eight noncommissioned offi
cers. A press dispatch received today says that
Mme. Llakhoff refuses to leave her hus
band's side, and is in the barracks with
The Novoe Vremva has received a sen
sational dispatch from Teheran, stating
that the foreign legations were under fire
by the nationalists. The dispatch says
that the Russian legation was partly de
molished, and that the entire staff of the
various legations were removed to safety
outside the city.
Turkey Must Keep Out.
CONSTANTINOPLE, July 1. The Rus
sian embassy here has addressed a sharp
note to the port, calling the attention of
the Turkish authorities to the advance
of Turkish troops into Persian territory,
north of Uremlah, and requesting their
Boy's Foot Torn Off.
ABERDEEN, S. D.. July lfi. (Special.)
Andrew Kline, a 17-year-old Roscoe boy,
caught his foot in a wheel to a steam
threshing engine and the member was torn
off. Surgeons dressed the wound, and the
boy will probably recover.
experiment station at the University of
Wisconsin to offer a $1,000 cup for the best
six-row barley exhibit at the National
Corn exposition this fall. The competition
will be open to all members of the Na
tional Corn association.
Prof. Moore writes here that at least
three special tralnloads will come from
Wisconsin to the corn show this year.
A meeting of the executive committee of
the National Corn association will be held
here Monday with President Eugene D.
Funk In the chair. Of the state vice presi
dents E. P. Montgomery of Lincoln, a. I.
Christie of Lafayette, Ind.; W. H. Young'
Athens, I1L; R. A. Msore, Madison, Wis.
and C. P. Bull, feL AuUieny Park. Minn.
ill be nreasub
THE SWIMMING SEASON. From two points of view.
the C lev- land Leader.
ROUGH WORK WITH STRIKERS
State Constabulary at Pittsburg Using
MORE VIOLENT ACTS FEARED
Contention Is that Americans Among
Union Men Are Willing: to Return
to Work Foreigners Lead
PITTSBURG. July 16.-Whlle violence has
been abandoned to a degree by the strik
ing employes of the Pressed Steel Car com
pany, nevertheless the situation confront
ing the authorities at McKees Rocks to
night was anything but calm. A tense un
dercurrent of unrest Is apparent, and with
quantities of liquor hidden about the strik
ers' headquarters and the uncertain temper
of the strikers and their sympathizers,
trouble was apprehended before daybreak.
Today's demonstration against the state
authorities and constabulary Is an indica
tion of the feeling of the striking men.
Everywhere the mounted state police were
In evidence, a mob assembling seemingly
from nowhere. Hisses and hoots greeted
the troopers when they would ride In
squads to and from the company's yard.
Wives and women sympathizers of the
striking men, with babes on one arm and
bricks and flags In their free hand, re
sisted attempts of the authorities to enter
their homes In search of strike leaders
throughout the entire day.
Rides Horse Into Honse.
A trooper of the constabulary, meeting
with this resistance In one Instance, drove
his horse through the front door of the
home of a striker and, without dismount
ing, arrested the man he was looking for
and practically galloped to the police
headquarters being used as a police sta
tion. The trooper, It Is reported, was badly
beaten by women sympathizers while per
forming the arrest.
It was reported that a woman was shot
in the rioting, but the car company offi
cials deny knowledge of this. Early to
day the striking men tried futilely to or
ganize themselves and four strfkers were
selected to wait upon the company offi
cials and endeavor to get an arbitration
hearing. The company late today refused
to treat with the men.
There were rumors today that agitators
were Inciting the strikers to take desper
ate measures and that the latter had pro
cured a quantity of dynamite, but nothing
developed to confirm these reports.
Officers There in Force.
There are now on the riot ground over
200 police officers, including city, county
and state authorities. This Is at the ratio
of one police officers to every seventeen
strikers. The constabulary are doing ef
fective work. Riot maces three feet long
seemed to have quelled the spirit of the
more daring leaders.
Tonight the constabulary has divided
Into squads of four and are making a
house to house search for firearms. Un
der a new state law a foreigner has right
to carry any firearms.
MeKees Rocks 1b tonight under martial
law. Captain William Marsh of the state
constabulary. In command of all police
officers, at sundown Instructed his men
to keep all persons moving along the
streets. Persons without business or rea
sonable excuses are being deported. Sight
seers are being turned back.
Watch for Strikebreakers.
The strikers have thrown out picket lines
along the river front, fearing an attempt
(Continued on Second Page.)
The man who
doesn't advertise is
too old a fogy to be
with. You will find
his goods are apt to
be out of date and
his way of doing
business a mile be
hind the procession.
Make it your motto to deal with
advertisers, men who are up to the
minute, and it will gave you much
There are some live busi
ness people who advertise un
der the head of "Announce
ments" on the first want ad
page. Patronize them.
Hare you read the want ads yet
Johnson's Auto in
Negro Champion Was Entertaining
Party of White Friends When
CROWN POINT, Ind., July 1. An auto
mobile making the circuit of the Cobo race
course last night crashed Into a machlna
containing Jack Johnson, the heavyweight
pugilist, and a party of friends. Johnson
was not Injured, but one of the women
of the party was perhaps fatally hurt.
Several others were slightly Injured. The
uccident became known today.
Johnson, who is training at Cedar Lake,
near here, entertained a large party of
friends from Chicago. It was proposed
that the members make the rounds of the
race track. Johnson, with his manager,
was In his own machine and was followed
by a car containing his friends. At the
southeast corner of the course, where the
cne bad piece of road on the course made
the drivers in the recent big cup race cau
tious, the driver of the following car tried
to pass the machine of Johnson. The car
veered and skidded and both rear wheels
were broken off. In this car sat the pugi
Three of the occupants of the car re
mained with the machine and were only
slightly hurt, but a white girl who was
sitting with the driver leaped from the
automobile before her companions oould
stop her and dashed on the sharp stones
that lined the side of the roadway.
Her clothing was cut into shreds. Her
ankles were cislocated and she was HTirt
Internally. A physician was called to at
tend the woman and the party returned
to the training camp. Efforts to learn the
Identity of the Injured girl were futile.
by His Secretary
Ambassador to Mexico Admits Losing
$13,000 Through Trusted
CITY OP MEXICO, July 16.-Untted
States Ambassador David E. Thompson ad
mitted tonight that he had lost $13,000
through the alleged dishonesty of one of
The accused man Is In the United States
and the ambassador Is endeavoring to re
cover some of his lost money. The sum em
bezzled was taken by a private employe,
who, It Is stated, tried unsuccessfully to
finance a small manufacturing concern
here. No one connected with the diplo
matic service was implicated.
The ambassador was considerably vexed
when he learned that the story had leaned
out In the United States, and refused to
give further details. He also refused to say
whether the fugitive secretary would be
CHARGED WITH CHILD MURDER
Mrs. Ollphant, Who Poisoned
Fonr Children, Under
DES MOINES, July 18. Mrs. William
OUphant of West Branch, who Tuesday
gave her four children poison, causing the
death of the youngest, then attempted sul
clde, was today arrested for murder. She
admitted her guilt.
Diplomatic and Consular
WASHINGTON. July 16 Hereafter there
will be no purely ornamental places In the
foreign service of the United States. While
this cannot be said to be a new policy, It
is the declared Intention of the present
administration and of the State depart
ment that there shall be no deviation from
It. This rule will not be made to apply
only to the diplomatic service, but to the
consular offices of the United States, from
the highest to the lowest.
In years past there have been many
complaints that the consular service of
the United States was, generally speaking.
Inefficient and of a much lower grade than
that of many foreign countries having rep
resentatives In the United States. The
i mate aeparimeni omcmis uietuacivca m
previous years have acknowledged this, and
while the service has Improved of late, it
has not made the rapid advance that is
noticeable in the service of some of our
foreign trade competitors.
At present the government has In foreign
countries pi consuls and consuls general,
with a large number of vice and deputy
j consuls, clerks, Interpreters, etc., making
total of about LJ0U. and H ia the ex
JIMS ARE DRAFTED FOR JOBS
Democrats Experience Difficulties in
Securing County Candidates.
MAYOR ROASTS AND SHAMES THEM
Dahlman Demands Followers to Show
Sand and Says All Offices Would
Now De Democratic Dot
Sheriff P. O. K. Boland
Clerk Al Patten
Ksglstsr of Seeds Ed L. Xiawler
(Treasurer M. I.. Bndres
Judge George Martens
Coroner P. O. Heafey
Bnrreyor John P. Crick
This is the ticket the democrats will file
today as candidates for county offices be
fore the primaries to be held August 17.
The list was selected at a meeting last
night of the Dahlman Democracy club at
which were present several Jacks, among
whom were Ed P. Berryman, C. L. West
and C. O. Lobeck. Only Important offices
were considered at the meeting.
As today Is the last day for filing of can
didates, the democrats last night found
themselves In the direst extremity with
less than twenty candidates filed for nearly
150 offices. Leaders declared that the of
fices must not be allowed to go to the re
publicans by default, and finally, on the
motion of Mayor Dahlman, who flayed his
fellow democrats as cowards, several mun
were drafted Into the service.
The office of sheriff was the chief stumb
ling block, and seventeen men In all were
suggested for the place. All refused, Peter
O. H. . Boland among the rest. Finally
George Rogers suggested that a special
committee of three be appointed to secure
someone to file for the office during the
day, and this brought the mayor to his feet
with a speech full of scorn.
Mayor Jim's Compliments.
"Haven't we got enough democrats game
enough to go into this fight and win?'
asked Mr. Dahlman. "It Is something un
heard of, after winning the county cam
paign last fall and the city campaign this
spring, to not be able to get men to run
for office. The principal trouble Is that
we have traitors In the camp, and were
it not for these traitors democrats would
fill nearly every office in this city and
county. This business of begging to get
men to run for office Is all bosh. Why,
when I came to this city four years ago
I spent more time ribbing up the demo
crats than in fighting the republicans. Are
you afraid Just because the democratic
governor signed a vicious bill? I am in
favor of drafting men to make this fight,
and we must draft them, and no demo
crat can refuse to file when his party calls
Boland was then drafted for sheriff, En
dies for treasurer and Crick for surveyo.
The other candidates consented of their
own free will to run, though several took
some Who Itefused.
In the canvass for available candidates
for sheriff these men were mentioned, but
all refused to run: Jack Walters, M. It.
Huntington, E. P. Berryman. J. II. Ben
nett, Tom Flynn, James O'Hara, Harry
B. Fleharty, Joe Butler, Ed Daemon, Lee
Bridges, M. L. Endres, Jeff W. Bedford,
John Drexel. B. J. McArdle, H. W. E. Mao
Daniels and Leo Hoffman.
Otto Wolff, Otto Bauman, William
Slevers and Charles Little were brought
out for treasurer, but they refused to en
ter the race. An attempt was made to
push James Ford Into filing for clerk and
(Continued on Second Page.)
Be Weeded Out
pressed determination of the State depart
ment to cut the service In every possible
way. A working familiarity with the sub
jects with which they will have to deal Is
demanded to a greater extent.
It Is the purpose of the Stale department
to unify the work of the diplomatic tnd
consular services In the Interest of greater
efficiency. For many years It has been a
matter of regret to the government that
so many foreigners occupied the positions
in our consular service as deputies and
clerks. This, however, has been largely a
matter of Inadequate comprisal, but the
policy from now on will be to employ
Americans wherever it Is possible, and con
siderable progress has already been made
In this direction.
Within a comparatively short time the
percentage of foreigners In our consular
service has been reduced from 46 1 per
cent to 18 8 per cent, and the percentage of
Americans In that service has been In
creased from 63.9 to 12 per cent. These
percentages, however, apply only to clerk
ships paying SmiO a year or less, but the
work of weeding out foreigners will con
tinue as long as Americans of the requi
site capacity can be found to fill U.e plces.
If Raw Materials Don't Need High
Rate, They Won't Get It.
HE BELIEVES LN PROTECTION
Tariff Should Be Revised Within
Limit of Protection Lines.
FEAR FOR POLITICAL SCALPS
Consrressmen Tell Htm that They
Will lie Defeated If Artlrlea
Produced In Their Districts
Go on Free List.
WASHINGTON. July Ht.-All doubt as to
where President Taft stands with regard
to the downward revision of the tariff was
swept away today, when a statement wa
given out at the White House setting forth
In detail what the president had to say to
twenty-three republican members of con
gress who called to protest against putting
rnw materials on tho free list.
The president In this statement declared
that the republican party Is committed to
a downward revision: that he has never
had any other Idea of the Chicago plat
form, and that he personally haH promised
a downward revision to the people.
This statement Is Interpreted In some
quarters here tonight as a direct notifica
tion to the conferees on the tariff bill thai
If the measure they finally agree upon
does not constitute a material reduction In
specific duties, the president will exercise
his power of veto.
Dictated In tho third person tho statement
concludes with this final word of the presi
dent's attitude as outlined to his callers:
"He felt strongly the call of the country
for a downward revision within the limits
of the protective principle and he hoped
to bo able to respond to that call as he
heard It as well In tho Interests of the
party as of the country."
Statement of Mr. Tnft.
The statement begins with a recital of
what happened at tho conference, and Is
"Mr. Young of Michigan opposed free
ore; Mr. Mondell of Wyoming opposed free
coal or reciprocity with Canada and free
hides; each on the ground that the policy
would Injure tho Interests In his state, and
a discussion was participated In by other
representatives, who urged that the doc
trlno of free raw materials was not a
"The president replied that he was not
committed to the principle of free raw
material, but that he was Committed to
ihe principle of a downward revision of
the tariff, which he had promised, and
that he was obliged to look at the matter,
not from the standpoint of any particular
district, but from the standpoint of the
whole country, and also from tho stand
point of responsibility for the entire re
'He said the question In each rase was
a question of fact, to be determined by
evidence as to whether the present duty
was needed for protection, or whether the
rate was (excessive, so that a downward
revision or putting the article on tho free
list would not Injure the Industry.
Q notes I'nrly Platform.
He repealed the platform of the re
publican pnrly and said that he had under
stood It mi ant a downward revision In
many Instances, though perhaps In somo
few cases an Increase might be needed;
that he reuched this conclusion of the plat
form on what he understood to be the
principle of protection and Its Justification,
namely, that after an Industry was pro
tected by a duly equal to Ihe dlfferonco
between the cost and production abroad
and the cost of production In this country,
including a fair profit to the manufacturer,
the effectiveness of American labor and
the Ingenuity of American inventors, under
the Impulse of competition behind the
tariff wall, would jeduce the cost of pro
duction, and that, with the reduction and
the cost of production, the tariff rate
would become unnecessarily high and ought
to be reduced.
Taft Demands Heductlon.
"This was the normal operation of the
tariff as claimed by the defenders of tho
protective system not In every case, but as
a general rule that, of course a revision
of the tariff could not be perfect, and must
have defects and Inconsistencies, but in
sofar as his Influence went when called
upon to act In connection with legislation.
It would be thrown In the direction of per
forming the promises of the party as ho
understood them; and that if iron ore and
oil and coal and hides did not need pro
tection, and the conditions were such as to
enable the ore producers and the oil pro
ducers and the coal producers and the pro
ducers of hides to compete successfully,
without reduction of wages, with the pro
ducers from abroad, then they did not
need a duty and their articles should go on
the free list. It was a question of fact
which he hoped to make up his mind with
respect to, on such evidence as was avail
able to him, In order to carry out what he
understood to be the promises of the party
to the whole people.
"He said he felt that his position as the
head of the republican party and as presi
dent, gave hltn a somewhat broader point
of view than that of a single member of
congress In respect to articles produced in
his district. He felt strongly the call of
the country for a downward revision within
the limitations of the protective principle,
and he hoped to be able to respond to that
cull as he heard It. as well In the Interests
of the party as of the country."
Free 1. 1st MenaP to Jobs.
The White House was stormed by a dele
gation of twenty-three republican congress
men who spent an hour and a half with the
president telling him that their political
lives depended upon the protection of raw
material. It has bee. me pretty generally
known about the capltol that the president
favors the free entrv of hides, oil and
coal and material reductions on lumber,
etc. Many of the congressmen who Corn
posed the delegation represent southern
districts. Th-y told the president they
had been elected on the theary that thejr
would protect raw materials In which their
people were Inn rested and that if the
party failed to do this, their district
would return to the democratic oolunui.
Ur. Taft listened patiently ta U tfett Vaa
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