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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (May 20, 1909)
The Omaha Daily Bee
THE OMAHA DEE
Ii the nmt powerful business
ltettr In the Mt, becsus It goes
to the homes f poor and rich.
Fnr Nehraks Psrtly cloudy.
For I" I'Brtl v cloudy.
For fthM leport -e page X
VOL. XXXVIII NO. 200.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 20, 1909-TWELVE PAGES.
SINGLK COl'Y TWO CENTS.
Republican! and Democrats Taunt
Each Other About Dissensions in
GOVERNOR JOHNSON CRITICISED
Senator Bailey Objects to Statement
of Minnesota Executive.
FREE RAW MATERIAL HE1
Texan Says Democratic Party
Long; Since Repudiated. '
PRICES PAID FOR SUGAR BE1
Senator Mar Chare that Sehedu
l Fixed by Head of Mormon
( harrh In Interest of
WAHHINNQTON, May 19. The senate
dropped into a party discussion late today
and democrats and republicans using at
times atrong language in a good natured
way, taunted each othor with the degree
of dissensions each party had suffered
during the consideration of the tariff. The
debate Was precipitated by Mr. Bailey, who
charged the republican with entering
Into a conspiracy by exaggerating demo
cratic distensions in order to hide their
own difficulties. He ald he had by care
ful observation recently become convinced
"that a deliberate and systematic plan had
been Inaugurated to obscure the difference
on the republican olde by exaggerating
and even misrepresenting the differences
on this side.
This statement called Mr. Hale to his
feet, Mr. Bailey readily giving way to the
senator from Maine. Mr. Hale assured the
senator from Texas that there wu no
reason for such words and added the fact
wa that the newspapers selling upon dis
sension In either party, dlplay themselves
prominently as picturesque features. He
sssured the Texan that nothing beyond
that, lit hi opinion, existed in respect to
Ms suspicion of conspiracy. Mr. Hale de
clared that when it was all over all the
republicans would support it and all the
democrats would oppose it.
Criticism of Johnson.
Mr. Bailey, resuming, road a published
interview with Governor Johnson of Min
nesota criticizing the minority in the sen
ale in Its altitude toward the tariff bill.
"If this represents the views of Mr. John
son." Mr. Bailey said, "then he might bet
ter bs at home studying the tariff question
than seeking democratic favor In other
atates. If this Interview was authorized or
sanctioned by Governor Johnson he was
utterly reckless of the truth and is dis
qualified for any station. His explanation
is that the railroads of the south hsve In
terested themselves in this legislation and
have overcome the consciences of some sen
ators. He aught, if lie knows that. In the
cause of truth to specify who are the men
to whom he refers."
Defining the democratic attitude toward
the tariff question,. Mr. Bailey declared
that the day when democrats should favor
free rsw material had passed and said that
ilnclrlne wu expressed by democrats In
the pant who had hoped by such favor to
attract northern manufacturers.
Free Haw Material Heresy.
"The demociatlc irty,' said Mr. Bailey,
"reruiliuted the heresy of free raw ma-
He defended the vote of the democrats,
who favored a revenue tax on Iron ore.
lie ridiculed "6 per cent reduction" In ar
tides of the pending bill, which, he said
were for the benefit of manufacturers
using the articles pending the reduction.
The discission then shifted to the iron
and steel schi-dule.
"I was called upon and asked to vote
for a duty on Iron ore by men who repre
sented the I'nlted States Steel corporation
or subsidiary companies.' said Senator
Smith of Maryland, when pressed by Mr.
. Tillman to say how he knew the steel cor
potation wanted a duty on Iron ore. Mr.
Smith defended his Idea for free ore as
one to tneourage compelling steel corpora
Jail for Traat Law Violators.
Mr. Bailey, again rising, said he proposed
to votct o place oil and its products on the
free llrt, because, he said, a duty on It
would produce no revenue and would only
Increase the price of oil to the people who
"And yet,' he said, "two excellent gentle
men iec"ntly called on me and spent an
hour trying to convince me that the
SiandaiJ 1)11 company wants oil on the
Referring again to the anti-trust law, Mr.
Bailey snld that If he were attorney gen
rsl with competent assistants he could
break up nil unlawful combinations. It
would only be necessary, lie said, to put a
lew of the violators of the law in Jail.
"In the southern states recently," he said,
"two in. n were put In Jail ror violating the
ur.tl-tiusl law and those sentences will
dissolve the turpentine trust."
Senator uKyner also defended his vote
In favor of free Iron ore, which he said he
had cast to help In breaking up the United
States steel corporation.
"Wherever I can vote for a free raw ma
terial that will destroy one of these monop
olies," he said, "1 win vote for it. I will
never vote for a protective duty, but al
ways for a duty for the purpose of reve
nue." Declaring that Joseph F. Smith, the head
of the Mormon church, every year fixed
the price of beets in the Interest of the
beet sugar factoiles of Utah, rather than
in favor of the producers of beets. Senator
Clay In the senate today called forth a
characterization of his statement as "abso
lutsly untrue" by Senator Smoot. himself
an official of the Mormon church. Mr.
Clay -declared that Mr. Smith .as president
of the beet sugar factories of ltah. re
ceived li,Oi0 annual salary. "He is always
in favor of the factories and against the
growers." said Mr. Clay.
I'pon Mr. Smoot'a Aenylng this statement,
Mr. Clay declined to be Interrupted further.
Mr. Clay declared that votea already
taken In the senate demonstrating that
the finance committee hud full power to
obtain agreement on its tariff bill as re
ported, he favored an early vote on the bill
as delay was useless In affecting the rates
carried by that measure.
FIRE RECORD. .
Ohle Town Wiped Out.
KENTON. O.. May 19. -The tows of
Alger, twelve miles west of hers, was
almost . entirely wiped out by fir today.
Ths loss Is estimated at .'M
Says Madden Took
Money and Then
Called Off Strike
State's Attorney Severely Arraigns
Chicago Labor Leader in
CHICAGO, May 19.-State'a Attorney
Wayman today 'outlined his case against
Martin B. Madden, president of the As
soclated Building Trades Council, . F. A.
Pouchot and H. J. Boyle, labor leaders,
charged with extortion in the calling and
ettling of a strike called on the Joseph
kllcka company of Chicago.
Mr. Wayman told how the men at worn
the Kllcka company, when ordered out
a representative of Madden refused to
o for some time, not knowing of any
ance. Later Mr. wayman declared,
the men had struck, officials of the
V company were approached by
rles of Madden and his associates,
V" re told that it would coat 1,SC to
' le strike.
. won't pay It; It's an outrage," Kllcka
replied, according to Mr. Wayman. Later,
the prosecutor said, Onorse S. Andrews,
an engineer, went to Kllcka and told him
he thought he could settle the trouble for
11,000. "We will show," continued Mr
Wayman, "that later Andrews, after
getting the money from Kllcka. went to
Madden and Boyle and offered Madden
11.000 In $100 bills.
' 'You can't touch me that way," Madden
said ard then threw the money on the
floor. Andrews then placed the money on
a table and covered It with a blotter. Then
Madden picked it up. Soon after the strike
was called off."
Hangs Self With
Miss Eatherine Stuckey, Secretary to
President of Kansas Normal,
KANSAS CITY. Mo., May 19 Miss Kath-
erlne Stuckey of Emporia. Kan., secretary
to the president of the State Normal school
there, commltteed suicide at a sanitarium
In Grand View, Kan., across the line from
here, early today, hanging herself with a
rope made from her bed clothing. Miss
Stuckey entered the sanitarium three weeks
ago following a breakdown due, it was
stated, to overwork. Miss Stuckey was 33
years of age and came of a prominent
family In Kansas.
TRIED TO KILL GUITEAU.
NOW FACES MURDER CHARGE
William Jones, Who Attempted
Avenge Murder of President
Oarfleld, on Trial.
WASHINGTON, May 19.-Wllinm (Bill)
Jones, who many years ago attracted na
tional Interest when he attempted to avenge
the killing of President Garfield by shooting
at Charles Gulteau, the assassin, while the
latter was being removed from the court
house to the Jail In this city, was placed
on trial today charged with, the murder
of John A. McPherson, a former marine,
who was employed by Jones as a farm
hand. McPherson was killed on October 11,
1908, in Jones' home, about two miles from
this city, during a quarrel, Jones pleaded
F0RTNER CAUGHT IN PARIS
St. Louts Forsrer, Missing Since Feb
ruary, Is Run to tironnd In
ST. LOUIS. Mo., May 19.-M. Dwlght
Fortner, a 8t- Louis real estate operator,
was arrested today In Paris according to
cable messsgea received here. Fortner has
been missing since February 17.
He is under Indictments on Charges of
obtaining $11,600 by means of a forged in
dorsement on a check given him In a real
estate deal which failed of completion. He
is also accused of having forged his wife's
signature to several trust deeds and of ob
taining money thereon. His stenographer.
Miss Hlldegrande Hallen, who was also a
notary public, was arrested for taking the
aoknowledgerrents of signatures on these
documents, but was released a week ago.
REVOLUTIONISTS TO PRISON
Mexicans Convicted 1'nder Xrutralltr
Law Given Eighteen Months'
TOMBSTONE. Arls., May 19. Magon,
Villareal and Rivera, the three Mexican
revolutionists convicted in the federal
I court of violating the neutrality laws in
I directing an armed expedition into Mexico,
were sentenced this morning by Judge
Doan to eighteen months each In the ter
ritorial prison. The court stated that in
asmuch as the Jury recommended mercy,
no fine would be Imposed. Notice of ap
peal to the supreme court will be filed and
a strong effort made to secure a new trial.
Big Sums Made and Lost .
on Wheat in Local Shops
Stories of how "Jim" Patten has made
millions In May wheat; gossip about how
Omaha grain dealers have made fortunes
in a few days or over night; hearsay in
the shops and on street cars, has made
the wheels go around, and scores of Oma
hans are buying options in wheat and have
been for weeks, some losing heavily and
others making money by their ventures.
In the opinion of grain dealers, the com
mission houses are doing a better business
than for many years'. The grain dealers
themselves have' had the best of the deal
all along, watching constantly as they do
the ticker. There are and have been
"lambs." They have been cleaned many
times because of the flump a short ttm
ago. ' Those who stayed are ssld to have
made big money, as wheat la now higher
One option buyer, who recently gave
125,000 to a charitable Institution, had 114.000
in ai oils uuita uu chance to lose
a greater part of It, but he sold cn s
higher market, and when settlement was
made he received the $14,000 and another
check for tll.onO, which represented his
The market has been changing so sud
HENRY II. ROGERS
Vice President of Standard Oil Com
pany Passes Away at His
Home in New York.
DUE TO STROKE OF APOPLEXY
In Ill-Health Since Similar Attack
Two Years Ago.
Body Will Be Taken to Fairhaven,
Mass., for Interment.
ILLNESS LASTS LESS THAN HOUR
Expecting; Quirk Summons, He Had
Prepared Business Affairs for It
and Properties Will Be
NEW TORK. May 19.-Henry H. Rogers,
vice president of theStsndard Oil com
pany, moving spirit In the organisation of
the Amalgamated Copper company, builder
of railroads and philanthropist, died at his
home here at 7;39 o'clock this morning
from a stroke of apoplexy. Death came a
little more than an hour after Mr. Rogers
had risen for the day, mentioning to his
wife that he was feeling 111. At 7 o'clock
he lapsed into unconsciousness snd before
the family physician arrived he was dead.
Mr. Rogers was 69 years old. Mrs. Rogers,
three married daughters, a son, H. H.
Rogers, Jr., and Dr. W. J. Pulley, a phy
sician who was hastily summoned, were
at the bedside when the end came.
While Mr. Rogers' death was sudden and
unexpected, he had been In Indifferent
health since he suffered an apoplectic
stroke In 1907, and was almost constantly
under a physician's care. His end at this
time, however, was a great shock to his
family and business associates, as y ester
day and last evening he was cheerful and
apparently normal, even to the extent of
going down to business yesterday morning,
where he lunched as usual In the Standard
building. In the evening he visited the
homes In the city of two of his sons-in-law,
Urban H. Brojghten and William R. Ce
where he played with his grandchildren
and later, returned to hjs home for what
proved the last mortal step of his great
Funeral Friday Morning;.
Final arrangements for the funeral had
not been completed tonight, but It has
been decided to hold services In this city
at the Church of the Messiah, a Unitarian
Institution, of which the Rev. Dr. Robert
Col Iyer, a lifelong friend pf Mr. Rogers, is
pastor, Friday morning. Dr. Collyer will
conduct the services, after which the body
will be taken to Fairhaven, Mass., Mr.
Rogers' native town, for Interment. Ser
vices also will be held there In the Uni
tarian church on Saturday. The list of
pall bearers had been only tentatively
agreed upon tonight and accordingly was
not made public
The news of the death was a surprise to
Wall street. Mr. Rogers was at the office
of the Standard Oil company yesterday and
appeared to be In good spirits. His health
had been failing somewhat for several
years and he had curtailed his financial
operations to some extent on that account,
but he continued to perform the duties of
vice president of the Standard Oil com
Mr. Rogers waa for many years one of
the most prominent financiers of the coun
try. He took a leading part In all of the
enterprises undertaken by the Standard
Oil group of capitalists, was vice president
of the Standard Oil company, and was the
active spirit In the organization of the
Amalgamated Copper company of which he
was president up to the time of his death.
He was Interested In a number of rail
roads, serving as a member of the board
of directors of the Atchison, Topeka &
Santa Fe, the Chicago. Milwaukee & St.
Paul and the Union Paciflrf.
Jnat Completes Blgr Rallroaff.
The death of Mr. Rogers follows closely
upon the completion of the great railway
project to the accomplishment of which the
energies of his later years, his genius for
organisation and a considerable portion
of his private fnrtjne were devoted. ' This
was the building of the Virginia railway,
a line which opened up a bituminous coal
country In West Virginia, extending 443
miles from Deep Water, W. Va.,to a tide
water terminal at Bewails Point, V. This
road was distinctly an Individual under
taking of Mr. Rogers and he personally
bore the greater part of the cost of its
construction, which has been estimated at
140,000,000. Mr. Rogers had embarked on his
venture prior to the financial panic of 19o7
which checked similar undertakings by
other large railroad companies, but the
work of building this line went on to Its
finish. After receiving the congratula
tions of the officials and business men of
Virginia upon his splendid courage which
had carried his work to toe fimsn In ths
(Continued on Second Page.)
denly that it has been difficult to play
without constant attention. A fluctuation
of 3 cents either way has not been unusual
in a few hours. If the man who has money
In Is unknown and cannot be found, he Is
wiped out when his of 1 cent margin is
gone. If the market goes up, it may go
down again before the order for selling is
While bankers deny knowledge of any
losses by business men. It Is asserted by
experienced ones that losses hsve been
heavy and could not be otherwise when
only a short time ago May wheat was 10
cents under the present price and had
fallen S to 10 cents within a few days.
Cash dealers have not lost and few
grain dealers have lost a cent on ths option
buying. The cash pries on ths Omaha
market has been above the option quota
tlons for more than a month.
It Is predicted that some of ths losses
will corns to light. Upecisl agents of mere
than one bonding company have been sent
to Omaha to look into ths affairs of some
salaried men who have been furnished
bonds because of reports of the ambition
f the men under such bonds to become
rich "because Jim Patten did."'
General Strike is
Doomed to Failure
Reorganized Plan Was Voted by Hot-
heads and Against Better Judg
ment of Conservatives.
PARIS, May 19. The life of Paris wss in
all respects normal up to noon today, and
the general strike, decreed by the General
Federation of Labor to commence today
with the building trades, promises to be a
huge fiasco. The movement, to he followed
by strikes on the part of all the other
trade unionists of France, was voted by
the hot-heads agalr.st the better Judgment
of the conservatives, who realised that ths
time waa not ripe for such action, snd that
the whole proletariat movement, which has
been preparing for so long, wss likely to
be compromised for years to come by
The government now regards the agita
tion as purely revolutionary and as fore
doomed to failure. The developments of
this afternoon are expected to furnish ths
first test of the extent and seriousness of
A soldier on duty In branch postofflcs
was attacked last night and almost stabbed
to death by three discharged postmen.
Chases Wounded Animal Into Bush,
Six Shots Being Required to
NATROBI, British East Africa, May W.
Theodore Roosevelt has begun his hunting
expedition from the Ju Ja ranch-of George
McMillan, whose guest he Is. He went
out last Sunday and bagged a female
rhinoceros. The first shot wounded her
In the shoulder and the animal fled to the
bushes. Mr. Roosevelt followed on horse
back, and six more shots were required
to bring her down. The . head and akin
weighed S32 pounds.
Today Colonel Roosevelt added a hippo
potamus to his big game bag. The animal
was killed a short distance from the Ju Ja
Edmund Heller, the soologlst of the
Roosevelt expedition, returned to camp
this morning after bringing here about
fifty specimens of animal and bird life
to be cured and preserved.
Aged Pair Elope
lrom Poor House
Woman of 54 Imagines She is Young
Girl and Runt Away with
WATERLOO, la., May IS. Mattie Cor
liss, 64 years old, arL,Vn!J"bf the poor
house' for" 4i years', elopeeMast night1 with
Charles Dale, an- ex-eon vict. who was also
an Inmate of the poor house. The woman
has no conception of time, believing she Is
still a Slrt.
LAUGHED AT HUSBAND.
SWALLOWED A PIN
Surgeons Are Now Trylngr to Relieve
Sad Plisrht of Woman at
SOUTH BEND, Ind.. May 19.-For many
hours surgeons at the Ep worth hospital
have tried unsuccessfully to remove a pin
from the base of the tongue of Mrs. Frank
Meak of Mlahawaka, and she Is steadily
growing weaker. On Monday night Mrs.
Meak was sewing and she placed a pin
between her lips. She laughed at a re
mark from her husband and the pin was
drawn Into her throat.
DANGER OF FLOOD IS OVER
Kansas City Forecaster Says Condi
tions In Kansas Have Been
KANSAS CITY, May 19.-Dangers of a
flood In this section are over, according Jto
Local Weather Observer Connor. "The
rapid rise of the Kaw and Missouri rivers,"
said Mr. Connor today, "was due to the
fact that both rivers were low and there
fore In small channels. The heavy rains
in Kansas are practically over now. This
means uiat the flood danger Is gone. The
reports of five and eight-Inch rslns In
Kansas were exaggerated."
SCANDAL IN BINDER PLANT
Michigan Ex-Warden Says Agent
Bribed Him to Accept Old
DETROIT, Mich., May 19. A Journal
dispatch from Jackson, Mich., says ex
Warden A. N. Armstrong of the prison
there today made an affidavit that Milton
A. Daly of Chicago paid him $1,60 for
helping get a lot of second-hand machinery
accepted for the state binder plant as
Miss Moses Scores Success.
YANKTON. S. D., May 19.-t8pecial Tel
egram.) Miss Myrtle Mnses, an Omaha
contralto. In the college recital Tuesday
evening, scored a great success in her
second appearance here before a large
audience. Miss Moses is now at Mitchell.
Many a woman
money by using
Bee Want Ads. Are
you one of them?
Don't let old things accumulats
Mil them. Don't buy something
new when you can find a bargain
in one for which some one has no
further use. It makes no differ
ence what It Is a Uundrjr stove,
or a piano.
Everybody reads the Bee
want ad pages. They are the
bargain hunter's best hunting
ground. Buy or cell the
cheap little want ada certainly,
do the busineba. ' -
A Word of
Copyright, 1909, by the Mall and Express Company.
BOOSTERS HAVE BIG DAT
Twenty-Four Towns Smile on Omaha
SCHOOr "ctoDRElToUT' !n 'FORCE
Rain at Ida Grove at End of Day
Gives Weary Pllarrlms thence to
Ease OH After Most Strenuous
Period of Trip So Far.
IDA GROVE. Ia., May 19.-(8peclal Tele
gram.) Rain In torrential quantity has
been falling this evening upon such of the
Boosters as have ventured out of doors
and a comparatively quiet night is follow
ing a day of the most strenuous kind.
Twenty-four towns count 'em, twenty
four (24) were visited today and all this
section of Iowa has heard the big noise.
Not even the thunder which rolls through
the heavens tonight could equal It.
Receptions by school children were the
order of the day. In nearly every town
visited the pupils were out as a part of
the reception committee and at Liverpool
and Mapleton they formed a double line
through which the trade excursionists ran
a peaceful gauntlet. Onawa furnished the
banner event of the day, that city having
mustered enough automobiles, without un
duly extending Itself, to convey all the
visitors through the city. Mayor Harlan
headed the reception committee here. In
another town a one-mile march up hill
was the order of the day and none side
stepped it. Little Sioux voiced a protest at
being overlooked, by means of circulars.
The trade excursionists are formally ex
pressing their regret that they could not
stop off there, but it meant too much of
The moving picture show arranged for
tonight In Ida Orove had to be called off
on account of the weather, but the return
of Leroy Corliss among the missing of yes
terday has offset this. Mr. Corliss over
tayed his time, snd. though he sprinted,
could not catch the special. However, he
followed slong on the first regular train.
Seventeen Stops Today.
The excursionists leave Ida Orove at
7 o'clock Thursday morning and will make
seventeen slops during the day, spending
the evening at LeMars, one of the largest
towns on the route, where It Is plannd
to have a big time and give, with one ex
ception, the largest moving picture show
on the trip. The party will not stop at
Sioux City, but go through that place at
7:15 and reach LeMars, twenty-two miles
(Continued on Second Page.)
Cairo People Think Bandits
Are Only Belated Jollifyers
GRAND ISLAND, Neb., May 19-The
State Bank of Cairo, nineteen miles north
west was blown up sbout 4 o'clock this
morning snd badly wrecked and tft.ono se
cured. Cltlsens heard three explosions, but
the town had last night celebrated the
carrying of water bonds and it appears to
have been in the mind of everyone that
the shots were fired by belated celebrators.
No one arose and It was not until T o'clock
this morning that ths true nature of the
explosions were known. The building was
badly wrecked. Including the safe.
Ths men, evidently two or three In num
ber, took a hand car and ditched It four
miles northwest of this city.
Deputy Sheriff Lslser with hounds has
taken up the trail where the hand oar was
ditched. The loss Is Insured, the bank at
cince continuing to do business, securing
the necesssry cash here this morning.
Ths bank Is located In a small frame
building. Two explosions, on of which
Urge Reform in
Manufacturers' Association Favors
; CoinpTetlng Work Begun Under ' '
NEW YORK. May 19. Resolutions call
ing upon Its members to urge congress to
enact legislation that would complete the
work of reform of the consular service be
gun under the reorganisation act of 1906,
were passed today by the National As
sociation of Manufacturers.
It was also resolved to recommend to
congress the passage of a bill similar to
that Introduced In the last congress and
advocated by President Taft, providing for
sufficient postal compensation to establish
a swift and regular service In American
built steamships to the principal countries
of South America and to ports of Australia,
Japan, China and the Philippines.
A committee on pure food recommended
that the association support the enforce
ment of the pure food laws, Secretary of
Agriculture Wilson and the referee board
of consulting scientific experts of the De
partment of Agriculture, and that the as
sociation should favor harmony between
state and national legislation on food ques
tions. On hehslf of the members. Ludwlg Mis
sen presented to Jsmes W. Van Cleave, the
retiring president, a check for $10,000, a
bronze plaque and a stickpin.
The nominating committee's choice of
John Klrby. Jr., as president, and other of
ficers so selected was generally accepted
by the delegates.
FIGHT OVER ROAD LICENSE
Missouri Attorney General Pllea
Demurrer to Writ of Pro
hibition. JEFFERSON CITT, Mn, May 19.-At-torney
General Major today filed In the
supreme court of the state a demurrer to
an alternative writ of prohibition issued
against Secretary of State Roach to
prevent that official from revoking the
license of the Missouri and Arkansas Rail
road company for removing a case pending
In the Newton county circuit court to the
The case, which Is to be considered
Saturday, Involves the constitutionality of
a law passed two years ago, which gave
the secretary of state power to revoke the
licenses of foreign corporations, which
remove cases from stste to federal courts
without the consent of the parties In
blew the door of the safe through the op
posite wall of the building, were heard
The safe was completely rsnsacked. The
bank's books showed a cssh bslance last
night of $8,330.80. and only a few dollars
In small silver appeared to be under the
The vault door was also blown, but
nothing waa taken from the vault. ' A
forty-four revolver was taken from the
bank, while the robbers left sums of their
Dr. Plerson wss hitching his team to
make a professional call when he heard
the explosion, but it did not occur to him
the bank was being robbed, snd no inves
tigation was mads by him er by o'her
cltlsens who hesrd the two reports.
)Lt night a gang of five tramps was
seen near town, two of them being well
dressed. Aslds from ti.ls there Is no clue.
Glory of the North is in Beating tx
Enemy So Strong and
PRESIDENT AT SHAFT UNVEILING
Memorial for Pennsylvania Heroei
Dedicated at Fort Mahone.
EULOGY BY MAJOR BR0WNELL
Beautiful Tribute to Bravery of Men
on Both Sides.
TAFT STARTS FOR CHARLOTTE
Executive) Will Speak at Celebration
of Annlcveranrr of MecUlenberg
Declaration of Independ
PETERSBURG, Vs.. May 1.-Paylng a
tribute alike to the soldiers of the north
and of the south, President Tsft today
witnessed the unveiling of a heroic statue
In bronse erected at Fort Mshone, on the
Petersburg battlefields. In memory of
General Hartranft and the Pennsylvania
volunteers who fell In the stubborn fight
sbout this outpost of the confederate cap
ital. The president arrived In Petersburg
shortly sfter 9 o'clock In his private car,
the Olympla. which was detached from
the regular Washington train at Richmond
and waa run as a special from there. The
president went Immediately to Fort Sted
man, where a tablet was unveiled, and
then proceeded to Fort Mahone, whers ho
made his first address of the day.
The day waa warm, but the sky wss
overcast throughout the morning and the
heat was not seriously felt. The president
coupled with every tribute to the union
soldiers a eulogy of the valor of the con
federates. "We could not dedicate this
beautiful and enduring memorial," he de
clared, "to the volunteer soldiers of Penn
sylvania with such a sense of Its Justice
snd appropriateness had they not been
confronted by an enemy enpahle of resist
ing their assaults with equal vigor and
fortitude. Pennsylvania's pride must be in
the victory achieved by its men against so
brave, resolute and resourceful an enemy."
The president declared the battle between
the states had to be fought and that endur
ing good had come of It.
President Taft said In part:
"My fellow Cltlsens: W are met to
day on the soil of Virginia to dedicate a
memorial to the bravery of the sons of
Pennsylvania exhibited In a contest to the
death with the suns of Virginia and the
south. We stand here In the center ot
the bloodiest and most critical operations
of the last year of the civil war, only a
few miles distant from that dramatlo scene
at Appomattox between Grant and Lee
which marked the great qualities of the
heart and soul of csch ana; which was the
real end of the terrific struggle between
the two sections.
"To Pennsylvsnls, as on of th great
states' bf. the--tinkm.' ngged in- the de
termination to save It, fell th burden of
furnishing tens of thousands of men tor
the struggle In the early psrt of the Una
of attack, but especially In the army of
the Potomac was the force of her people
and their devotion to the csuse felt.
"In the time which has psssed." the
president continued, "the bitterness of the
Internecine struRgle hss passed away and
we now treasure as a common heritage of
the country the bravery and the valor of
both sides In that controversy. The army
of the Potomac under Grant and Meade
was seconded and supported by a generous
government. It was hardly so with the
confederate forces. Scantily clothed, rarely
on more than half rations and for consid
erable periods reduced to sn allowance of
bacon and meal hardly sufficient to sustain
life the long winter through, their shiv
ering Infantry manned the ever extending
siege works and made head against the
vigorous assaults of the union army until
their depleted ranks were no longer equal
to the defense of their attenuated lines,
and they gave up a contest which by mnny
other soldiers but the tried and Seasoned
veterans of the army of northern Virginia
would long bffore have been abandoned.
Pride In Enemy's Strength.
"Pennsylvania's pride must be in the vie
tory achlved by her men against so brave,
resolute and resourceful an enemy. Th.it
we can come here today snd in ths pres
ence of thousands and tene of thousands
of the survivors of the gallant army of
northern Virginia and of their deScendsnts
establish such an enduring monument by
their hospitable welcome and acclaim is
conclusive proof of the uniting of the sec
tions snd s universal confession that til
that was done was well done, that the
battle had to be fought, that th sections
had to be tried, but that In ths end the
result has inured to the common benefit
of all. The men of the army of northern
Virginia fought for a principle which they
believed to be right and for which they
were, willing to sacrifice their lives, their
homes all. Indeed, which men hold most
"The contending forces of now half a
century ago have given place to a new
north and a new south and to a more en
during union in whose responsibilities and
whose glorious destiny we equally and
Eulogy by Brovrnell.
Major Ishhc Hrownell eulogised the
men of both the blue snd ths gray and ex
pressed the hope that tiie government of
the L'niti-d Stales, and all the states of
the American unlwn. msy, in a fraternal
and loyal spirit, unite in the building of a
Joint monument to the confederate and
union soldiers "which shall be commensu
rate with the great sacrifices and ths un
surpasFed bravery whirls characterised the
American soldiers In the great siege of
"Here, 'Near Petersburg," a familiar
phrase of old war time dsys," said Major
Brown, "upon the sacred eoll of old Vir
ginia, made forever hallowed In th unpre
cedented clash of arms and the shedding
of American blood, do two great common
wealths extend fraternal greetings. Look
ing backward, not In bitterness, not In re
sentment, bift In pathos and veneration
In tears tor the sacrifices of their chlvalrlc
sons, and in veneration and pride for their
limitless alor. Yes, reverently do w obey
the command to look backward when It Is
given In the name of American blood and
American bravery, but In all else our
thoughts are of the future; cur enterprises,
our energies, our ambitions, our fondest
hopes are In the promising future wherein
we took for the advancement, th uplift
ing and ths greater Instrumen'sllty for
good of this reunited American republic."
Mature Sings Requiem.
There was pathos, said Msjor Brown. In
the sighing of the pines, grown to great
dimensions on th Urns-worn fortification.
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