Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 22, 1909, Image 1

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    The Omaha - Daily Bee
,THE OMAHA DEE
joes to the homo ia rd hy thw
! Belli goods for adrerttaers.
WEATHER FORECAST.
Fr Nebraska Partly cloudy.
For Inwa-l'artlv rlomlv.
For weather report see Page S.
VOL. XXXVI II NO. 2tti.
OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, AriUL 22, 1WD -TWELVE PAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
CUMMINS TALKS
ON INCOME TAX
Iowa Senator Presents Amendment to
Tariff Bill r' " Iakes an
Extend ' ch.
"V X
WILL PRODUCE MILLIONS
All Incomei Und?r
Year Are '.
Sousand a
CORPORATIONS ARE V TAXED
Provision Made for Reaching Divi
dend! Drawn by Nonreiidenti.
QUESTION FOR SUPREME COURT
Hrnator anggests that nerlnlon ol
181)4 Be Reviewed In !- ot
Handred Vears' Previous
History.
WASHINGTON, April 21.-Bubetantial
progress in made by the senate In the
consideration of the tariff bill. No senator
bring pic-pared to apeak on the bill as a.
whole, the reading of Ihe mcaaure by para
graphs begun. The varloua Itema In
the chemical schedule were rassed over
for futur consideration. The reading was
frequently intr rrupted by the dlacuaslon of
amendment and only eighteen pages of
the bill were disposed of. Senator Cum
mint presented his Income tax provision
and discussed It at length.
At 6 p. m. tha senate went Into executive
scAston.
The nomlnatlon'of Thomas C. Dawaon to
bp minister to Chlla waa confirmed.
fimmlii' Income Tn Amendment.
Senator Cummlna Introduced hla amend
ment to the rayne-Aldrloh tariff bill, pro
viding for a graduated Income tax, which
ha believes would produce .tC0.00J revenue.
Mr. Cummlna pointed out that it differs In
some Important particulars from either
the law of 1H or tha amendment offered
by Senator Bailey. It exempts Incomee
below $5,000 and authoriaes the deduction
of that amount from every dutiable In
come. The rate provided for la aa followa:
Upon Incomes not exceeding $10,000, 2 per
cent; not exceeding $10,000, 2H per cent;
not exceeding $40,000, I per cant; not ex
ceeding $60,000, H per cent; not exceeding
$80,000, i per cent; not exceeding $100,000. B
per cent; upon all Incomes exceeding $100,
ono, par cent,
Mr. Cummins believed tha tha gradu
ated tax o provided for will produce a
somewhat less revenue than a flat tax of
I per cent.
The duty la to be levied upon Individual
tncomea. He treats corporations as mere
Instrumentalities for Individual profit an
the chief reason for not Including corpora
tions la that to put a tax upon the incomea
of corporations Is to tax those who are
stockholders of the corporations, but whose
lutal Incomes would not reach $6,000, pre
cisely an' though 'they, hart dutiable Incomes.
This would bo the result with a flat rale,
tut ha points out that when the graduated
tax la employed It Is obvious that the In
dividual Income can alone be considered,
otherwise," he says, "the man with the
lowest dutiable Income would, Insofar aa
t la derived from a corporation, oftentimea
Star the maximum rat levied upon the
Mghest Increase. v
Object of Income Tax.
. -The chlff object of a graduated Income
lax law is to put the burden of government
upon those wliu are beat able to bear It,
uiul to do so It ia necessary to put a higher
rule upon the large Incomes than upon
mall ones. There ia no advantage of put
ting In corporate incomes, because under
the law of WM, as well as the Bailey amend
ment, the individual has the right to de
duct from his general Income amounts re
cc'veil hs dividends from a corporation, If
r.'i" corporation pays an Income tax."
The amendment proposed by Mr. Cum
mins further provides thai all corpora
tions shall make annual reports, showing
ti.rir grusa nml net earnings and tue
;;m;iinu rnlii an Interest and dividends,
nnl tlio persons to whom payments are
inmlfi r(i a ln fie names of all officers
in- employe receiving fS.000 per year or
more. In this way t'ic undivided profits
of a coi pot ation are ascertained and the
distributed share of each stockholder
c! avge.l as a part of hla Income.
In in escntlpg the resolution to the sen
ate. Mr. Cummins said that if any tax
vre levied on corporations It would be ex
tremely difficult to classify Ihe corpora
tions lo meet the requirements of the con
stitution, lie ilcclured that graduated in-
ime tax on corporations would result in
great crrpoi Mlions paying the highest rate,
although their stock might be largely held
by men of uniull imans. In thai way the
rrkiill might lie to place the highest tax
on iv.cn uf amull Incomea.
'fr'uch a result," said Mr. Cummins,
-would pot only le unjust, but It would
d-.-atroy the essential principles that under
lies the income duty."
Question wf Validity.
Mr. Cummlna Raid lie recognized that hla
amendment challenged the opinion of the
supreme court of the I'nlted States on the
taw of IfH, in respect to the constitutional
requirement regarding direct taxation, and
he believed It would be impossible to frame
an Income lax law that would not antag
onize that oplninn. If." he added, "that
opinion is to aland In its full scope, than
the I'nlted States must abandon for all
time, or until the constitution Is amended,
the exercise of power snd authority which
had been recognised for 100 years before
Ihe opinion was announced."
Mr. Cummlna expressed the opinion that
the supreme euurt should again be Invoked.
That decision." he said, "restricts the
federal authority and e should not permit
time to pass without again asking an exam
ination of this vital power of the govern
ment." He declared that such a restriction of
the power of taxation of the government
wi.uld prove disastrous, In lime of war.
Mr. Smith of Michigan said the proposed
amendment would not reach the Incomes
of the Americans resident abroad unless
the tax was placed on the corporatlona.
Mr. Kayrior took the same view.
"Suppose." he aald, ''Carnegie, with an
Income of tMn.ouo a year, derived from the
Steel corporation, should be living abroad,
there woujd be no way to collect the tax
If he hud no other property In the 'United
bUtea to be attached."
"1 propose," replied Mr. Cummlna, "that
the corporation shall pay that tax. That
is the purpose of my amendment."
Mr. Cummins, referring to newspaper
(Continued on Second Page.)
Political Fight
Among Daughters
is at Fever Heat
Refusal of Mr!. McLean to Allow In
surgent Candidate the Floor
Riles Antis.
WASHINGTON. April 21.-Tbe refusal
last night of Mrs. McLean to permit the
reading by Mrs. William Cummlngs Story
of her report aa state regent of New York
because she failed to respond to her name
when called has created much feeling
among the supporter uf trie antl-adnilnla
tratlon candidate for president-general of
the Daughters of the American Revolu
tion. When the lmughters assembled to
day for the third day's session they rallied
around their leader and discussed the situa
tion with her. The political atmosphere In
consequence of this situation has become
sttl! further clouded and the Story forces
are taking advantage of It for campaign
material. The program for today calls for
the reading ot reports of chairmen of
various committees, the first of which was
one on children of the republic.
The report of the treasurer-general, Mrs.
Mabel Q. Swarmstedt of this city, showed
that on March $1, 1908, there was a balance
of $34,191. The receipts for the lsst year
were $08,436, making a total of I102,fc. The
expenditures were S69.SOS, leaving a balance
March 31. 1901), of $33,320.
One of the most tense situations witnessed
during the congress occurred lat night.
when President General McLean refused to
recognize Mra. Story, state regent of New
York, when the latter sought recognition
for the purpose of reading her report.
Early In the night session the president
general entertained a motion that only
the reports of state regents who responded
to roll call be heard. The administration
forces carried the motion through with a
rush. Later the strategic move waa made
plain when It developed that Mra Story
waa absent at roll call. Confusion reigned
In the auditorium when the secretary
omitted the name of New York's regent
and Mrs. Story tried In vain to secure the
floor to preaent her report. The Incident
reached a climax when Mrs. Story, having
yielded to the declaion of the president
general waa given an ovation by her sup
porters for president general among tha
delegates.
Street Car Men
Vote to Strike
at Pittsburg
Company Refuses Demand of Em
ployes for Advance in Wages
Many Apply for Jobs.
PITTSBURG, Pa., April a.-By a vote
of 2.288 to 12$. the employes of the Pitts
burg Street Railway company have de
cided to strike unless the company at a
conference which It is hoped may he held
t'Klay maltae-eonceseions,- which -so far
have been refused.
The company's offer to renew the last
year's scale was rejected last Friday night
by a vote of 3,13! to $5. The company re
fused, to grant the advance In wages de
manded by the men and meetings were
called for last night to vote on a proposi
tion to strike. The various meetings lasted
till 4 o'clock this morning and it was nearly
noon before tha vote was counted and the
result ascertained. The men will under
take to hold a further conference with the
company today and notify them of the
determination of the men to strike.
The company says It will not make any
further concessions and that It will put
on new men If the old men quit work.
Thousands of applications for work have
been received. It Is said, and the company
seems to anticipate no trouble In operating
Its cars in the event of a strike, which now
seems almost certain.
Roosevelt Ship
Reaches Mombasa
Steamer Admiral Has Bees Sighted
Off the East African
Port.
MOMBASA. British East Africa. April H.
The steamer Admiral, with Theodore
Roosevelt and the members of his party
on board, haa Just been sighted off this
port.
The etenmer Admlrsl srrived at Mombasa
on scheduled time, and Mr. Roosevelt will
today land In Africa for the beginning of
his expedition.
Mr. Roosevelt will be welcomed and en
tertained at Mombasa by the acting gov
ernor pf the protetorate. B. J. Jackson,
who lias received special Instructions from
King Edward lo show every consideration
to the distinguished traveler. The Roose
velt party will leave Mombasa tomorrow on
a special train for the ranch of Sir Alfred
Peaae, on Athl river, whence the start on
the shooting expeditions will be made.
Certain Lawyers Playing
Subtle Trick at Court House
Scheming by certain attorneys with the
tlew to getting suits entened upon par
ticular dockets haa rouaed the wrath of
Judges of the district court of D' uglas
county, and In particular of judges who
are reflected upon by the lawyers' action.
The method of these pettlfoggera," chief
of whom, a Judge says, is one lawyer who
poses aa a moral crusader and political re
former. Is simple. By peeping at the daily
record in the diatrlct clerk'a rfflce In
which all papera are entered and limn
glancing at the general appearance docket,
it Is easy to determine on the docket of
which Judge the last suit filed has been
entered. Suits are entered upon the sev
eral Judges' dockets one after another, so
that it Is easy to learn where the next
suit Is to go. If an attorney wishes to
avoid the Judge whose docket is next in
turn all he haa to do Is to hang around
the district clerk's office until some other
suit has been filed, which will, of course,
go upon the docket in question.
This has not been so much the case,
however, as endeavoring to get upon the
docket of a Judge believed to favor the
particular sort of suit Involved.
That the practice exists Is not generally
HAIL AND WIND
STORM IN OHIO
Four Fersoni Reported Killed and
About Twenty-Five Injured in
Cleveland and Vicinity.
YOUNG WOMAN BLOWN INTO POND
Roof is Blown from Case School and
Adelbert Colege.
LIGHTNING STARTS MANY FIRES
Wind Reaches Velocity of Hundred
Miles an Hour.
CHURCH BUILDING IS WRECKED
Three- Men anal Ose Woman Are
Hurled In the Bains Boy
Killed by Falling
Steeple.
CLEVELAND. O.. April . A squall
which swept along the southern shore of
Lake Erie today left death and ruin In Its
wake. The wind reached a velocity of
nearly 100 miles an hour for a few minutes.
Day waa made as dark aa night.
Trees and frame houses were blown
down In all parts of the city. Lightning
started snany fires.
A young woman was blown Into Wade
Park pond and drowned.
The roof waa blown from the main
building of the Case School of Applied
Science and from Adelbert college. .
Monuments and trees were blown down
In Woodland cemetery. Telegraph and
telephone wires are down south of here.
Hail accompanied the high wind, which
lasted only five minutes. Immediately
after the rain a score of fires were reported
as a result of the lightning.
At Wellington, south of here, the wind
unroofed the plant of the American Ma
chine company, partially unroofed the Big
'Four freight station, knocked chimneys
down and otherwise damaged about fifty
houses. The storm was local in Its char
acter, extending not more than WO miles.
East of here great damage was reported
both to telegraph wires and buildings.
In old South Brooklyn a report reached
the Central police station that ten houses
and one church were blown down. It 1
impossible to get that section of the city
by telephone.
St. Stanislaus' church of East Sixty-fifth
street and Foreman avenue waa practically
destroyed. The damage to the building Is
estimated at $125,000.
The aquall started In Indiana and gained
force aa it traveled rapidly eastward. It
apparently had gathered full force when
this city waa reached and passed over the
lake a few miles east of here.
In neighboring towna considerable dam
age waa done. Dwellings were reported to
have been blown to the ground In the
southwest part of the city. Many home
wer burned because the . -fire. 4 apartment
could not attend to all of the calls.
The dead:
UNIDENTIFIED TOCNG WOMAN,
blown Into pond.
JASPER CROMWEIJU Mown from crane
at Central Blaat furnace.
UNIDENTIFIED MAJf, on Central
avenue struck by flying timber.
JULIUS N1EBATSKI, boy, died on way
to hospital, Injured by tailing of St.
Stanislaus church steeple.
The Injured:
Miss Oladys May, injured by falling shed.
Mrs. Olive Phelan, attendant at state
hospital, struck by stone.
Three men and a sister, a teacher, are re
ported Injured In the ruins of at. (Stanislaus
church.
Fifteen men are reported hurt at the
plant of the Wellman-Seaver-Morgan En
gineering company.
Four men were Injured by the falling of
a roof at the plant of the Standard Tool
company. i
More Warrants for
Iowa Saloon Men
Twenty-One Are Now Under Indict
ment for Selling Liquor
to Indians.
DCS MOINES. Ia.. April M.-Nlne addi
tional warrants charging saloon men with
Illegally selling liquor to Indians were
Issued today by Federal Commissioner lie
Arthur. Deputy United States marshals
are engaged In serving the warrant a. Eight
of them are thought to accuse saloon
keepers In Des Moines, the others being
directed against men In Marshalltown,
Boone and other nearby cities. The num
ber now totals twenty-one. with the prom
ise that more are to be Issued.
Evidence Is thought to have been secured
by Secret Service Operative E. E. Van
Wert and Superintendent Green of the
Indian reservation at Tama, Ia., who
visited saloona In company with an In
dian and aaw him purchase liquor. It is
understood that nearly twenty lealoons
were visited In Des Moines two months
ago.
known, most of the Judges being unin
formed, and the district clerk's office being
also ignorant of It. The necessary maneu
vers are so simple, and those attorneys who
will engage In such tricks act so furtively
that admittedly It will be a practice hard
to break up. The general appearance docket
and the daily record are both public rec
ords, to neither of which can access b
easily denied. The only evidence that a
lawyer is trying such a maneuver la his
first glancing at the records and then re
maining an unusual length of time In the
clerk'a office.
The folly of such activity is ssld to be
extreme, for not only Is the belief erron
eous that any ot the judges loans any
partlclular way In a given class of suits,
but discovery by his part that an attorney
thought he would be dlaposed to favor his
suit would likely cause the Judge to lean
ever backwarda the other way that he
might not aerm prejudiced.
The moat conspicuous example of the
practice In queatlon occurred recently In
a liquor suit, wheie this lawyer of re
former pretenses, opposing a saloon license
grant, wanlted two hours in the clerk's
office.
From the Minneapolis Journal.
CHARGE ACAINST RAILROADS
Utah Shippers Allege Gross Discrim
ination on Part of Roads.
PACIFIC COAST IS FAVORED
Concreasmesi Present Matter to
President anal Ask that It Be
R(rre4 ta trUpeat ..
ot Justice.
WASHINGTON, April 21.-Prealdent Taft
today took up for Investigation and prom
ised to act at once on a complaint filed
with him alleging that the western railroads
are discriminating against Bait Lake City,
Ogden and other tnter-mountaln cities in
the matter of freight rates and violating
the anti-trust laws. The charges were
made by Senators Smoot and Sutherland
and Representative Howell, all of Utah.
They Baked that the matter be taken up
by the Department of Justice rather than
by the Interstate Commerce commlaslon.
The papers filed alleged that Mr. Harrl
man shows no respect for any law but
the federal. The papera et out that the
Harrlman lines are enormously profitable.
The papera Include a petition from com
mercial bodies In Utah saying the discrimi
nation haa been carried on for many years
and that the roads have steadily Increased
rates and eliminate competition. Higher
rates, It la charged, are being charged for
freight from Chicago-Missouri river points
and from Denver to the Utah territory than
for the much longer haul to Pacific coast
cities. These rates, says the petition, are
without warrant of any competent court
or commission and are solely "the despotic
act of corporate greed and under the arbi
trary powers of concentrated wealth appar
ently holding Itself above the law and ex
ercises against law-abiding communities
relatively powerless to resist."
The roads specified are the Southern Pa
cific, the Union Pacific, the Oregon Sho.t
Line, the Oregon Railroad and Navigation
company, the San Pedro, Ios Angeiea &
Salt Lake, the Denver & Rio Grand", tha
Missouri Pacific, the Colorado Midland,
the Colorado & Southern, the Burlington,
the Rock Island and the Santa Fa.
It Is stated that on cocoa beans the rate
per car from Chicago to Utah la $j91. while
on the same car all the way to Ban Fran
cisco the charge la only $266. On a car
of r.alls the charge from Chicago to Utah
Is $440. and from Chicago to San Francisco
orly $?80. On a car of printing psper the
rate from Chicago to Utah is $430 and to
San Francisco only $:00.
Knowing what
you can buy and
where to buy is
something in which
every woman is in
terested. The ads
under the heading
"Everything or
Women," on the
want ad page are a
great help.
There are a great many lit
tle things that you may not
know about, or you may not
know just where to get them.
You will find many of them
advertised under this heading.
Hay you read ta wa&t ads, yet,
today!
THIS MIGHT HAPPEN.
Patten Takes Look
at Wheat Outlook
in Tour of Belt
Bull Leader, Accompanied by Expert,
Slips Away to Inspect Condi
tions in Person.
CHICAGO, April 71. James A. Patten,
bull leader In wheat, left here today to
Inspect personally the crop outlook, par
ticularly as It bears on the amount of
wheat which may be delivered to him on
July contracts. Mr. Patten's departure
waa discovered by the majority of his as
sociates only after It had been an ac
complished fact He Is accompanied by an
expert and It ia believed will Inspect the
winter wheat crop In Illinois and adjacent
states, among them Missouri, where reports
are conflicting. The most recent tidings
from that commonwealth were bearish.
Whether this neighboring state will be
able to deliver new crop wheat In July is
a matter of the greatest Importance to
traders, aa the bulls have operated on the
theory that this wheat will not be availa
ble for delivery here; the bears, of course,
to the contrary.
The bull leader's destination waa care
fully kept secret by those supposed to
know. The trip will afford him consider
able relief from the tremendous strain un
der which he haa been laboring for some
months. The market waa featureless early
in the session today. July reluctantly rose
a cent, but Msy seemed content with the
position given It yesterday.
Taft to Assist
in Forest Policy
President in Sympathy with Con
servation Program, Says Gif
ford Pinchot.
WASHINGTON, April 31. President
Taft's entire sympathy with the forest and
conservation policies Is announced and
stories that vast areas are to be taken
away from the national forests are denied
In a statement regrdlng the administration's
attltuda, Issued today by Clifford Pinchot
and authorized by President Taft. Mr.
Pinchot says charges that the forests con
tain great areaa of agricultural land are
baseless and that any agricultural land
whatever found along the boundaries of
forests will be restored to entry.
DROUTH ENDS IN OKLAHOMA
General Rainfall 'Hill Be of In.
mrnae Reneflt lo All
Crops.
MUBKOGKR. Okl.. April M.-A long
drouth In this section was broken last
night. The rainfall appears to have been
general throughout the state, and In this
vicinity amounted to two lnchea. Much
benefit to rropa will' result.
Boy is Horribly Mangled
by Automobile Near Axtell
MINDBN. Neb., April . (Special Tele
gram ) The 11-year-old aon of William
Vannoy, living near Axtell, was horribly
snangled by an automobile yesterday while
watching a car paaa the school house eignt
milea north of Axtell.
The car passed the school house during
the morning recess and the children flocked
to the road to wati h It go by. Just as It
approached the crowd of youngsters the
Vannoy boy impulsively darted across the
nfid in front of It.
DUTY ON HIDES CONCEDED
Senator Aldrich Will Make This
Agreement with Western Men.
COMPROMISE ALSO ON PUMICE
Senators ere Promise Thla Article
Will Be Attended To Olew-
uararartae Caveo Taken .
1 Iliad.
f From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON, April 21. Special Tele
gram.) Hides from the free list to IS per
cent, ad valorem Is the result of the In
surgent movement for better equalization
of tariff schedules aa between the east and
west.
Senator 'Burkert held a long conference
last night with Senator Aldrich, chairman
of the finance committee, which framed
the Aldrich bill, and told the senior senator
from Rhode Island In so many words that
the ropreaentatlves from the central Mis
slsstppl valley would fight the bill until
Labor day, if necessary, unless conces
slons were given the west.
A duty on hides waa one of the conces
slons demanded and Senator Aldrich an'
nounced to Mr. Burkett that the finance
committee would report an amendment at
the proper time changing hides from the
free list to existing rates, namely, 15 per
cent ad valorem. Senator Aldrich went
further than the hide achedule and told
Senator Burkett that barbed wire and nail
achedules would be made satisfactory to
western senators, who have been pounding
the finance committee at every turn to
reduce the duty on barbed wire and nails
because of the demands of farmers. '
These concessions, It Is believed, are but
the beginning of other concessions which
the ao-cslled Insurgents are demanding and
by the time the bill goes to conference it
la predicted Senator Aldrich will yield prac
tically all the demands made upon htm.
Ilntr on Pa mice.
While Senator Burkett haa been busy,
together with ( his colleagues. Senator
Brown snd the senators from Iowa, Kan
sas, North and South Dakota, Wyoming,
Montana, Idaho and Washington. In bring
ing about a readjustment of achedules to
suit the revision and downward policy of
President Taft, Senator Brown has been
busy In the Interest of pumice stone. Mr.
Brown, speaking of the result of bis ef
forts In raising the duty on pumice stone,
both crude and manufactured, said he had
promlaea of Senator Aldrich to raise the
duty on pumice stone to half a cent per
pound on all products, and that he would
consent to a duty of three-eighth of a
cent per pound aa a compromise proposi
tion. These concessions, coming as they do
so early In the consideration of the tariff
bill, debate upon which la hardly well un
der way, Impresses the onlooked with the
thought the Insurgents, some twenty In
number, are In a position to make their
demand felt. Senator Aldrich undoubt
edly realizes the strength these insurgents
possess, and rather than have them break
away from the fold he haa begun a work
(Continued on Second Page.)
He was knocked down, the rsr passing
entirely over him. His thigh wss crushed
and one leg broken. Several other bones
were broken and severe Internal Injuries
were Indicated. Repcrte this morning are
that the boy la dying.
The name of the driver of the car sat
not secured, but It is bolleved the car was
from Kearney. An investigation la being
made now to determine hla identity, though
the circumstances would Indicate the ac
clldent was due to the Impulsive act of the
boy rather than to the negligence of tha
YOUNG TURKS AND
SULTAN AGREE
Abdul Ham id Will Continue to Reign,
but Cabinet Will Bcsign
Immediately.
BEF0RMEKS IN FEAR OF ARMY
Troops May Not Stand by Them in
Deposing Sultan.
SHEIK-UL-ISLAM ALSO IN WAY
He Refuses to Sign Decree Accusing
His Majesty of Treason.
ARMY AT OUTSKIRTS OF THE CITY
Cabinet Ieclds on Order for Mir.
tlal law In Constantinople Dnr
Ina Coming; Crlala Troop
Take Oatk.
BM.1.BT1X.
LONDON. April 21. A special dispatch
received here from Athens today, says that
telegrams that have come In there from
Merslna set forth that fully 10,001 persons
were killed In the anti-Christian rioting of
the last few days In the Adana and Taraus
districts. Kntlre villages were rated and
the country la a smoking wilderness.
BIM.KTIN.
PARIS. April 21. A special dispatch from
Constantinople attributes the failure of the
Young Turks to Insist upon the abdication
of the sultsn to fear that their troops
would not support them In a demand for
the public deposition of the caitiff, as well
as unwillingness on the part of the Sheik-ul-lslara
to sign a decree pronouncing bis
majesty guUty of treason. A compromise
between the committee and the sultan la
predicted. The committee Is Insisting that
the first army troops be sent to the prov
inces and that the Constantinople garrison
and the city gendarmes be placed under
their orders.
CONSTANTINOPLE. April , 12:99 p. m.
The advance guard of the constitutional
army baa arrived at the outsktrta of the
city. The cabinet will meet thla after
noon and proclaim martial law at capital.
The administering of tbe oath to the
troops still in garrison Is proceeding today
In accordance with the demands of the
constitutionalists. Furthermore, tha authors
of the recent upheaval are blng sought out
and arrested.
A cabinet meeting was held this morning
to consider the proposals made by the
army of Investment.
In' some quarters It Is believed there Is
an Increasing possibility of arriving at an
understanding which may result In a, recon
ciliation between the young Turks and the
sultan. It waa even declared In official
circles this morning that the pourparlers
between the government? 'snd the, consti
tution army promise a settlement. ' . . . .
It Is alleged that the army no longer in
sists on the withdrawal of the - present
ministry and the ' reinstallation of the
Hllmi cabinet, but It does maintain Ita de
mand for the punishment of the authors
of the recent trouble.
Advance Unsrdi at Gavtes.
The lines of the constitutional army are
drawing closer and closer around the Tur
kish capital today and the advance guard
of the Macedonlana is practically at the
gates of the city. The actual advance into
tha city, however, has not yet begun.
Negotiations for a peaceful settlement
are proceeding with high hopes of success,
and there are increasing evidences that
there will be no encounter between the
army of investment and the first army
corps within Constantinople.
Everything Is quiet at the Tlldls palace.
The sultan Is outwardly calm and Is await
ing developments.
The first army corps, which garrisons
Constantinople, has been completely won
over to the constitutionalists. Various units
of this corps are today taking oath to
obey their superiors, not to mix In politics
and not to interfere with the measures
adopted to aecure the puniahment of thoae
guilty of starting the revolt of last week.
Civilians and some of the foreigners to
day express fear that at the last moment
there may be reslstsnce or that some of
the soldiery will get out of hands, and as
a result, a general exodus has begun. The
immediate neighborhood of Tildis Kiosk
is deserted. This apprehension Is added to
by the fact that the sultan hss made no
statement aa to hla intentions.
It Is realized that a majority of the
garrison la more than favorably disposed
towards the Macedonians, but, neverthe
less, there may be a repetition of tbe ex
cesses of last week on the part of In
dividual soldiers. The men guilty of dis
orders of a week ago deserting and are
making their way by rail and on foot Into
Asia Minor.
Wa rah I pa Fare Falaea.
A notable development in the overnight
situation waa evidenced by the anchoring
today of a number of Turkish warshipi
In front of Ylldix Kiosk on tha Bosphorus.
The vessels that have taken up this sig
nificant position are the battleships Mtaxu
dleh, Assar-I-Tewflk, Hamldleh and Nd-Jin-I-Chevket
and the torpedo crulssr PeU
bnland. The new minister of marine who took of
fice yesterday is General Immtn. He waa
transferred from a command In Asia
Minor. One of hla first sets was to change
the commanders and parts of the orews of
the vessels now anchored off the sultan's
palace. Aa the Turkish fleet has been a
doubtful element In the situation because
the officers and crews have been 'largely
devoted to the sultan, It Is presumed these
chsnges are In the Interest of the commit
tee of union and progress. Two cruisers
and twelve torpedo boata are still in tha
Golden Horn.
The oriental cxprtss came In from Parts
and Vienna today sixteen hours late, de
layed by trains besting munitions of war
to the army of investment. The few pas
sengers on board said all stations within
thirty miles of ths capital were occupied
by detachments of the third army corps.
Exodus of tCnfopeans.
The express, which three times a week
gives the easiest and quickest method of
reaching the capitnla of Europe, will leave
this afternoon with every place taken,
chiefly by the wives and families of Euro
peans. In addition hundreds and probably
thoukanila of well-to-do Turks are leaving
Constantinople with their families today.
Most of them are going to ths provinces
lo be safe sgalnat possible fighting la the
city. Steamers to Black le aorta, espe-