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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (April 18, 1909)
THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: APRIL 18, 1909.
H e w Japanese Factories Where Thousands Work for Few Cents Daily
n ' I
, 1 . ; f... i .. .. J
r i -
THEBB GIRLS GET 36 CENTS A DAT.
2ofyrlrht, 1W, by FrnK O. Oarptentsc.) present ymgta, which mr oonldrrd ex-
tOTO, 190. Spclat Correpond-
TTJT 1' nc of The Ee. Mav th
Jfj I J'Pn bitten rff nnri than
mjr can onewT t,an iny aup-
port the wteni civilization
with Hi luxuries and Ita tx
travngancea? Mava h"y the natural re-
sourcas to hold thoir own ss a great world
power T Thaaa are- sonie of the quutlons
which ara staring tha statesmnn of this
country In tha faoa.
Japan has, all told, good farm lands of
atrtmt half tha sice of Kentucky. It has
soma coal and a little iron. It la discover-
Ing petroleum, but this Is of poor quality,
and It has a considerable amount of copper
and plenty of fish. All these resources,
however, are not enousti to warrant tha
support cf the Increasing population, and
the country must havs outside lands or
develop Itself along tha linos of Industry
and commerce. Suppose you should crowd
mere than half of aU the people of the
United States Into the southern half of
Vlfglnla, could ws live as well as w do
nowT , Would we hava meat three times a
day, carpeta on our floors and pianos in
our parlors, and, over and above all, money
to -burn? As to cultivable 'territory, that
Is th Stat of Japan. It has now 60,000,000
inhabitants and It Is adding 600.000 new
stomachs to its consumers ovary year. It
h added 10.000,000 within the last two de-
eades, and tha avalanche of new babies
As to outside lands, Formosa, which came
as a result of the Chines, war, Is the only
property absolutely In hand.
It is Just
about twice as big as New Jersey and It Is
already supporting twice as many people.
It has R.ftQO.000 or 4,0C0,0C0, mostly Chinese,
who hav gobbled up th good land and
cspnot b moved. In addition ther Is
Cores, which is controlled by Japan and
rieh many ti!nk 1st to be exploited for
th good of the home population. Corea
is wice as large as Kansas, cut it also is
mountainous and its population Is about
.,.,,. .... o ir
mansion In southern Manchuria, but al-
wtiiTi two vijsbiiv.tt iur tHiugi KViun tiro
ilmpl Lit vs. New Japan.
This being the cas a. to th. territory.
nniv ht i.ft 1. ,- , '
ths only thing left Is expansion along th
lln of Industry and commerce. Japan
Is pushing both of these possibilities with
all her might, and It may be that the
n.t..i .kin n,i i.f.fi,i.
people will make her win out If she does
so. It will b by retrenchment and econ-
cmy, rather than personal extravagance and
Increased government expenditures. Today
th country Is $1,000,000,000 in debt. It owes
on th avera.e $200 per head, or $1,000 per
fnmlly. It la taxed enormously, and there
would eem to be but little room for either
tl people or th government to Increase
their, expenses. The officials realise this
and hav cut down their estimates for this
year.. Th people are already so burdened
thst thy dare not branch out, and the
outlook ! that the s'mple life of the old
Japan will hav to continue with th masses
lot some time to come. This letter Is to
b dvoted to the Japanese laboring classes,
1 wnnt to tell you how they work and the
wajes thry get, and also the prices they
ray for their daily necessities. Tou can
then Judge of their .ability to support a civ-
11 satlon Ilk ours, ,
la (he Japanese Factories.
Only a short time ago everything In
J pan was rr.ad by hand In the house.
There were no large establishments and
InlTr" Tda!: T? "
!?. e."?r!"lh"U" ttr'
w. .".v.. uin ,u,vw iBtriuiiri una uiey cm
ploy altogether about 8M.000 workmen.
Ther ar thousands of mm who labor In
th mines, and millions In little Industries
of every kind which go on In the homes of
A to th factories. I have already writ
ten of the shipyards and cotton mills. In
the spinning factories the woman ar now
receiving about 22 cents a day and chil
dren as low as C csnls, while men get. on
tha average, about 34 cents. Cotton weav-
ers rcelv about th same and silk weav-
sr. a cent or two mor.
Th seat of the silk Industry Is here In
. . . . . . .
.. ... uemi ui
Silk mad In Osaka, and that place has
tnr textile workers than anywhere lse
' ""T."" '-
sbunf or Chicago You th. smok.
polluting th air; thr ar hundreds of
taV .K,.. V. l. WI..L V
-,. .... ,w nouin
aad th surroundings ar those of the new
Japan. Th oity now ha mor than 1.000,000
LT e.w ' p?pu""on oom-
. ,. . ...
posed of those who work In th factories
pf various kinds. Ther ar long line of
lw nouses, the home of the workmen and
la Osaka som of th factories work
their hand six days of th wk. Other
work vo, and In th textile .trade th
,?r v.?" f,!i ,e!7 I!' Ther U Cn"
Ulderabl cnild labor But not so much as
is generally supposed. In all Japan only
"p" " nu 01
tho four-fifth ar girls. In th hous
, ' n JT . . T, , Lumbard married his southern sweet- oompo-er naa nmshed th lm- that journey, that on on occasion w had a prlnc and th means or a pauper. - .-rjicg, have you any fixed Incomer
larger. Fully per cent of the factory hait and brought her north to a tranquil mortal stansa and set them to music. a striking illustration of the harmony pro- of this excursion In th land of plenty. Sutton was puaxled by the term. Coun
mpioye ar women and only 35 per cent fcom, as he supposod. Th war and th Lumbard had become Intimate with Dr. duoed by th concours of swet ound. Mr. Ella W. Paattl wrot a good many l xplalned that th expression meant
mn. Aa increase goes on from year to troubulous events leading to It Interfered Root through their lov for music. Said a jule and Frank Lumbard of Chicago yaars ap: "Up to thla tlma Uf had been a crtalnty. money paid not for odd Job,
' ' "l rr ana
"'"' ,n,u " r,r
er in wcrx 01 in country. This 1. so
notwithstanding their wage, are often only
ona-balf tho of th mers, and the work
quit aa itara.
Hick, Wanes for Janan.
,. , ,vi. .
' h ba n LJan t.
fil l,Vrl th. IhM I'v.l !
fir hand froaj th ehlld employer of
i-nuta mwo ana n may D reiloa
wpwai aa avrrwb m auuwa ui iaorM
, 1 . , ,
in wage in th last thr year, and th.
.1 f it. V i S
ceptlonalty high. Tak th clothing fae
tor!e, wher women re now trettlnc IS
oenU & day. working evn dajr of the
wtem or nins ofun acn. iney rvva
only H cmti tern yean ago and 19 cent In
1904. Sewing muchlna operators are now
getting 27 oenta per day for their work.
They wcra paid 20 cents three years ago,
and only IS cents in 1895. As to tailors,
tlioy now racelva from 35 to 45 cents
'day and ara getting about three times as
much as they did tan years ago.
They have Some glass factories her. Tha
blowers, who ara especially hljsh-prlcetl
ncn, are getting 61 cents, and they have
only two rest days during the month. Some
of the wages are as Ipw as 25 cents and
re paid as much as $1, but this
only for extra time or night Work,
Cigarette makers, working nine hours, get
from 12 to 65 cents per day, and the girls
In the trade receive from 6 to 25 cents per
day. They have 20 per cent extra for night
ana double wages on national holl-
days. They hava one hour off during the
day, tN tnis Toes not affect the nine hours
of actual work,
WM Ble' Workera.
I wonder how our iron and steel men
uke to ,abor ftt the wa8e"
her Tak the Bessemer furnace em-
P'oyeS. The blowers get less than S3 cents
a on th aV9rare. and the,r l'
twelve hours long, with one or two hours
which, as la the custom here, comes
on In sections. They have thirty minutes
Jules Lumbard, Sweet Singer, and His Services to His
r - V.
TJLBS LUMBARD was so long a
familiar figure In Omaha that
It seems strange to refer to
htm as living In Chicago, but
there he has made his horn for
the last three or four yars, and
tr,,re h. Is now. quietly passing th last
oay, ot hl. ufe. It ,lke that
will ever tower over tha
other singers In choir or concert, or that
he will ever again shake back his leonine
. a"af. ou voice In a
Joyous outburst of melody. W have heard
him sing "Are Ye Sleepln", MaggloT" or
"The Low Backed Car" for the last time
probably. He Is suffering from the effects
of Paralytic stroke of a peculiar nature.
"d tne Chlca0 Ph'dans. while they do
""V7 " W'U ,mmedlatellr 'ata.
hoId out no hopc for ,h "covery of the
f ea ",nger' Jule Lombard's death vlll
be sincerely mourned by hundreds of men
and women throughout the entire country,
but by none m0T "'noerely than those
wh0 knew h,m ,n m. nd that practl-
calIy mean every man, woman and child
ln th9 community. For almost twenty
year" n "ave hl" llfo to this city. Ha sang
ln ch0' and concerts, ln homes and
at convivial gatherings, and was always a
welcome guest wherever he visited. Here
nU iat atlve work was done; her ha
Durled his beloved wife, and here he spent
"hat he said were the happiest years of
nl 1Ife- a eH those of his greatest
trlef after the death of the woman he
'vd so well. Th one who knew him
best know how sincere that grief was, for
they knew of th quiet hours he spent be
side her grava, a vigil ot love and devo
tion. The great heart was tondly tru to
th very end. '
Jules G. Lumbard was born at Honeoya
- Y- e le
the pareniol roof and went to live with a
raarrled sister at Seneca Falls. Later they
went to Jackson, Mich., when that city wan
tli western terminus of the railroads la
thoee parts. Later still, with his father
and family he lived In Green Oaks, Mich.,
and when still very young began work as a
printer's devil In the composing room of
the Ashtabula CItlaen of Astabula, O.,
then edited by Joshua R. Glddlngs. a noted
abolitionist. In 1847 a teleraiih line was
built between Buffalo and Detroit and tha
Astabula office was ln the same building
ww Tj, ,. "
.., . ,.v V. .." J 'i m
-" i ... . ruuri nrnoaiDDBRn
expert telegraph operator Having earned
k i17 .,,... ... .
tlm8 and th tjl' ..
forsook the composing stick for th
,raph kr and wc knl
east aa nna nt th. K.r -i..i.. - .v
" " " ""''-..r u ina
Morse Instrument anywhere He was fin
aliy aaaiVned to an ImporUnt relaying
.tatkn at Tuscumbla, Ala. where he re
" iic i a ih l"T7-
malned for several yeara. meeting his wife,
Miss Marv Elliott, tha d..ht. - i
southern family. Climatic conditions and
impaired health caused Mr. Lumbard to
lv the aouth and he went to Chicago
and studied law. being admitted to the bar
in 1854. becoming a member of the firm of
Farnsworth ac Burgess.
As an attorney the young pracUttoner
mel wlln ,UCCeaa. not only with this firm.
but with another which ha a. a M,.-..
th man who becam. Governor Bevridg
Cf Illinois. In th midst of this prosperity
WKn tn contentful routine, however, and
11 WM this tlm that th .elf-mad
lawyer becam famous-not throua-h hi.
skill In lagal tools, but by hi. natural gift.
singtnc He sold his law library when th
war brok out, and made arrangement, to
fight for th union a adjutant In th
Khrhth Illinois cavalry, which rviluui
f"1'" cirn.nded. In this h was
fighting on th other aide. -It was either
not to nlt.t er to break her heart.- aald
MT. uumoaro. "ana 1 decided that I
would not do th latter. But I determined
eff at t a. m. and another half hour at
t. There Is a full hour at noon, and the
1st and 16th of each month are considered
rest days. On all other days, including
Sunday, the work goes on. This Is the
custom in many factories. As to other
Ironworkers, the bar-iron heaters get S3
cents, rollers of steel rails 32 cents and
iron men 67ft cents. With some of these
workmen a bonus equivalent to about ten
days' wages la distributed twice a year.
What Mechanics Get.
Japanese mechanics are about as good
workmen as you will find anywhere.
Every common carpenter is a cabinet
maker, and many of the stonecutters would
pass as sculptors. The painters have some
artisUo 'ability, and ordinary masons lay
walls which would be a surprise to our
peopla of that trade In the United States,
l have been doln Some building at 1 my
country home in the Virginia mountains
and my contractor's account of the wages
paid Ilea before me. They are lower than Coal miners get from 28 to 41 cents, to 18 cents a day. The lower wages are
those of our cities, but still high enough, blacksmiths, 28 cents; iron molders, 28 received by the woman.
Tha carpenters are receiving from $2 to $3 cents, and machinists almost $1. In tha The government hfls woolen mills, cali
per day, and my plasterers are paid $4, shoe factories, from 46 to 60 cents is paid, non factories and military clothing estab
while tha plumbers get 13. Here in Japan all the work being don by hand, there llahmtnts where proportlcnately low
tha master carpenters receive 66 cents a being no factories, such as w have, in wages are paid. In tha woolen factory at
day, and the beat men under him 40 and Japan. Senju, for Instance, girls are paid 11 cents
60 cents.. This Is for nine or tea' hours' Ordinary laborers receive from 26 to 83 and men on the average about 18. In
work. oents a day whan employed by tha muni- the government shipbuilding yards the
These carpenters are fully th equal of cipaJlty, and farm hands got from 10 to pay is from 12 to 17 cents and In the
anv we have at home. Tliev do th work 20 cents for tn hours' work, according arsenals of Tokio and Osaka, which alto-
In Just th opposlt ways from ours. Thy
pull th plane toward them Instead of
. 4 .4
If 1 " "ot b ,n tha 1 "
send other men there.'
. . .
Jules Lumbard and lits brother Frank
ean patriotlo desire Into the hearts cf
thousands of their countrymen. A writer
n h Ch,cao Record-Herald In 1396 said:
"I estimated that th Lumbards won
'"" ir rn.iu.mi Lincoln uunng
V... j . .
' """""u"u uuu rervru-e oi
11 wl11 b a lneT that th "ame of
Jule ""ard will b- longest remem-
ber1- Hundreds cf thousands heard his
tremenau basso-profundo ln churche.
recru,Un' "taUons, trenches, on battle,
fleW thater". concert halls and at re-
tuxlon- conventions and all kinds of gath-
"" Musical critics found it commend-
able; others discovered It to be soul stirring.
One of th proudest episodes tf the singer's
MfB nd 0M upon whlch h Hked to re-
fleet was when he aang Dr. Gotk F.
I"noua -T of Freedom."
bfor CMfa audlenc cf 8.O0O. just
rrmnicni unieagoan aome ysars ago-
wa. juie. Lumbard who gav th
first rndring of Th Battl Crr of
Freedom.' Th occasion wa a momorabl
on. Recruiting tents wr pitched ln a
public square and a great throng gathered
to har th song. I imagine I ean still se
tha aniit aa I look Inn tha at.&.
tun and th. word. wr uch that the
People knew them after they war. reputed
twlc. Jul., .toed on th. court hous.
steps aad his powerful vole drowned .very
other aaund. Then tha rrnaM. .ir ,k.
refrain and th choru. Th recruiting
.:rv.. ;.-,... :' :C';v.:--,.., . 'V.vr.t
,; .. : .-, . ---k-
GIRLS MAKING STRAW BRAID FOR
pushing It from them, and they pull tha
hand aaw. Nevertheless, their Joints fit
and a great part of their houaemaklng
consists of sliding walls which move In
Bricklayers, eaual to those who receive
as much as IS a day In the United States,
are getting 46 cent for nine houts' work
here, and this is 10 per cent more than
they got In 1003. Brick masons get 32 cents
a day, stone .cutters 42 and plumbers 35,
and that without helpers. Indeed, even an
ordinary 'man can afford a plumber In Ja
pan. Other Low Wages,
Our printers will be Interested In what
the compositors receive. TheTe are now
dailies In all the towns of any sise, and
Osaka has several journals, each of which
has several hundred thousand circulation,
The daV's work begins at 8 a. m. and ends
at t p. m. Ths wage scale is from $0 to
60 oents, the average being about 46 cents,
as they ar women or tnn. Think of
wading through th mud of a rlc field,
' a-.-1 .
dld thrivln b
later. Kegimenu war organiseo ana in.
war feeling ran high
, , w.w
"Upon several occasions Jules went to
the front among the soldiers and sang the
hymns which live on. although the soldiers
die and are forgotten. In thes hustling
limes we no no siop m inula ui i .w..,
ui . WUK.J
iuui-ur, weaiy uiui'-i. i.,.l..ucu u
lit" from Jule "K' and the m'mory of
them. He became known throughout th
whole army, making new rrlenas ana ar-
ways willing to start anew the patriotlo
fervor with The Battle Cry of Freedom
or other national songs. I always regarded
th two Lumbards thereafter as the for-
most exponents of our national battl
Said Congressman John F. Lacy of
Iowa In a Memorial day address ln Da
Motne In 1S97:
! n ,A t n.iil .in tn
Appomattox in 1868. away down at Vlcki-
burg. on ot th great way stations on
visited aom friends ln th trench. Slow
firing was aolng on h.r. and ther along
th- n. .a' ,h. .w.n ,i
whistle of mini boll kept eveiyan la 4
atata of aaaar au.ntlnn. Soma 0 tha
Lumbard.' friend, a.kad thm to, .Ing. and
their clear voice rang out amid th roar
. . m . .. . .
pi ijia guns, as mey sang int urias sia:a-
ened and n.arly ceased, wh.n a confedsr.U
cau,4 0ut from th. rifle pit.. 'Hello.
Yank.. Unt that Jul.a and Frank Lumbard
..7 ....... .
i na rvauonae was, xieiio, v
U th Lumbard boys; kp still and you
6 CENTS A DAY.
with your dreea rolled up to your kneea,
planting tha rice sprouts with your bare
hands in tha filth at 1 cent per hour,
and you havo an Idea of one feature of
women's work fn Japan. Among the por-
est pnld are the cart men, who drag loads
over tha country for a few cents par day.
v . , ,
What tha Government Pays.
Our government pays big wages to
its mechanics, and as a rule tha eight-
hour law holds everywhere. Tha Japanese
government has mora factories than Unole
Sam and Its hours are much longer. There
are oltog ther 1,000 government factories,
covering a great variety of Industries. In
the government printing office the wages
are izvi cents a cay ior women aom irom
16 to 26 cents for men: in the mint men
receive to cents and In the paper factory
about 20 cents.
In the tohacco factories which ths gov-
ernment runs as a monopoly, there are
over 22,000 hands, and they get from
gethcr have about 150.000 hands, the wages
ar from 1 to 8 cents an nour.
can hear them better.' And so the firing sldered phenomenal. Tha first time ha and th rice Is somewhat of a luxury,
ceased and the Lumbards sang songs of sang ln New York was at soma sort of a mi let and other Coarse grains taking Its
lov and war, songs that pleased the memorial meeting at Irvine hall. He aang plac. Indeed, th finer qualities of Jap
hearts beneath both blue and gray, and as he had been ln the habit of singing and anese rice are too costly for the poorer
then they sang 'Home, Sweet Home, and without any thought of extraordinary ef- classes. They are exported to other oottn
many a rough sleeve ln either trench wiped feet. But the next morning the New Tork tries and cheaper rlc la Imported for
away a tear, as the distant homes ln the Trtbuh, which at that time was the public home consumption.
city and farms of the north and planta- mentor ln matters artistic, gava two col- The table furniture of such a man costs
tlons of th south were brought back ln urons of discriminating and critical praise almost nothing. He use wooden ohop-
lovlng memory by the cadence ot the to his work, saying that he compared sticks Instead of knives and1 forks, and a
song w loved so well. But th mualo favorably with LaBlanche, the great French few bowls suffice for his dishes. His
ceased and a shot rang out and tha con- basso, and that his voice promised to b cooking stov la a day bowl, and his
cert was aver and grim war resumed Its the leading on in oratorio ln th country, whol housekeeping outfit would not cost
sway." In these days Mr. Lumbard Indulged him- more than $10. His furniture consists of
Such was th way ln which Jules Lum- e" the luxury of "giving away music." littia moT9 than straw ma's and on or
bard served his country. It might be added Mr. Beecher once said In his pulpit that two mtle tables about a foot high,
that when Abraham Lincoln told th peo- Mr. Lumbard had done more singing for The mats cover the floor, and they take
pie of Illinois why h wished to be presl- charitable purposes than any thr singer the p ace of a bedstead at night. Many
dent th Lumbard brothers accompanied In New York or Brooklyn." of th people sleep In th clothes that
him on th speechmaklng campaign, lend- "When nl money was gon Mr. Lumbard tney u, ta th8 daytime, rolling them-
lng melody to the meetings. They were lTed a two-year concert tour contract 8eive up in cotton comforters and resting
personal friends of the great war presl- with Major Pond-thls upon the recom- their heads on hard rectangular pillows,
flent. But this singing propensity of Jules nidation of Dr. Beecher. Helping others BtUffed with itraw. or up-.n wood n
Lumbard lasted all his life. It mad a way had ln the end made It necessary for Mr. blocks. The latter are always used by
for his sunny nature and generous heart Lumbard to help himself. Th tour was th women, ln order that they may not
everywhere and he was welcomed ln more dismal failure to Lumbard, so far as his d.sarrange their hair, the pllow resting
cities and In more homes than Is the good personal happiness was ooncerned. but under the neck.
fortun of ven th greatest of publlo suooessful otherwise. When his agreement The hovse of the prorer working man
lnen a w'as filled he resumed th practice of law seldom has mors than three littl rooms,
"Music " he said once, "1 like flowers. ln New Tork and continued until he was and it may have only one or two. Thare
It was meant to be given away. God gave offered a place aa general traveling agent are outside walls of wood, which can bs
tn th gift and I do not flatter myself 'or the Pennsylvania lines. This he ac- slid back during the daytime, and inner
with the thought that I possess It. I be- cepted In 1878. and his services were eml- walls of sash, with paper pane, which
gan studying music when I drove th cows ently satisfactory. On July 2, 1888. hs slide back and forth. Ths rcof Is cf
home- I used to practice th scales when was appointed general agent at Omaha, thatch or of tiles. There ar no chimneys
I fed' the chickens and I used to walk with Jurisdiction over an Immense terrl- and no stoves. The only means of heating
thre miles bare-footed to singing school, tory. He held the place until he was 70 such a house Is by a firebox filled with
I knew do, re, ma, fa, sol. la, si. do. be- years old, when he was- retired under th charcoal or by a squar slno or copper
for I did my letter's and I hav been sing- pension system of th Pennsylvania road, ned fireplace sunk ln th mlddl of the
Ing ever sine " Deln ,9ft Independent and with a compe- floor, in which wood la burned, th emok
H cam from French stock and his tnce, although not in m-unlfloent ciroum- waking its way out through th roof.
fath.r followed the sea and all the family stances. Some years ago his wife died. Wood Is sold In infinitesimal quantities,
long sine dead-loved song &on" childless and without much to A ama 1 Japanese c.ty will not burn as
Touching tributes to the power of this do. he decided to resume the practice of " a " American village, and th
great old singer were constantly reaching law. He was admitted to practice In th averag American family consume, mor.
him. Some letters thanked him for relief .uprome court In February. 1804. and soon J!t d"cn Jap"
In hour, of sorrow, other, for courage In ".r removed to Chicago. Hale and in'" ue . do ntV. ,
moment, of timidity and desp.lr-all hearty , his last years, hi. .pint and hi. Jrta0Cv(81t" ch"
M.ri from th. h..rt .nd aii ainoere. nature as gently robust and as sweetly Paratively little for clothing. He dresses
yf-SlT hopeful a. In the day. of hi. youth and STZL't
. .. nun.,, wealth and vliror. the tone ot tha man aom na" underwear. His shoes are of
t. Armour in isao in a cnaraciensuc lei-
ter, "and If I ever wanted you to do
anyming in particular i snuuiu uui uui-
tat on. particl. to tell you o. a. I know
it ..uM Viva vou as areat oleasure to do
It would glv you as great pleasur to do
anything a. it wouia ior ma to nav u
done. And while I like to hear you sing
and I think you sing better than any
man I aver heard) I wouldn't listen a
"tl U Tyou! : travellnl back a""d fo
nm.ha. You and I have -ot
too old to do that or to think of doing
Vml hav- . dellrhtful wav of maklnc
too old to do that or to think of doing
, ka , fact j Bev,r ,aw any.
body , my Ufe mKa or woman that
,,.. m,. you. and all th latum I vr
tor avthlna- I mav do for you is
. .. . .
ugt tn privilege of liking you. I
never don anything for you, but if
ever grt ln th police court I hope
- ' - o - - - - -
know wnr, my utohstring Is."
- March. 1904. juie, Lumbard said: "I
made the mUuke of my ufe wh, 1 rot
riohi After j fcad ceased alnglng ln th
w t went 1rito ths Pennsylvania oil
ntlit and mlja, a fortun of $300,000 all
ln thre month.. Then I took my wlf
ad w went to New York to spend It
Two or thrf yrs did ths bustnes. The
money was spr.t sith.r lit dissipation nor
SDeoulatlon. but as you would loss water
carrying It across th street in a sieve.
Th experience left rr. with th habits of
a serious matter with him. His nose had
been kept to th. grindstone. He considered
.t... 1,. ... .ntm in a llttln uhum.
raent. perhaps It was wrong, but at any
rata ha.t wa. his view of th cua. H
took hi. wir to Nw York. They llvd at
th most f aahlonabls hot da. His role
. . ui. knin.., na k.
wlf.'. vivacity dellghfd th Bohemian,
Their room, got to b th resort of th
muclan. from both th. thiat.r. and th
churches. Mr. t
churches. Mr. Lumbard sang tn Beechers
It church and Dr. Taylor' tabernacle. Th
suurvii a.. - -j - -
organ-Ilk qualities of his voice were coo-
CARTMEN ARE AMONG
In tha ateel works at Kure and In tha
na.v(j arsenal at Sasebo there ara tens
of thousands of men employed who get on
the average less than 30 cents a day, and
tHls Is for high-class labor. In those yards
au kinds of fine steel work Is dona, Inoiud-
ing tno making of armor plate for gun-
ana the building of big ships.
gimiiar wages are paid In the govern-
ment raiway works scattered here and
thcre 0Ver japan. t the whole thousand
factories there Is only one where the aver-
age wages of the men are over 36 cents a
day, and only three where they are over
35 cents. Of the 260,000 men and women
working in thes factories the average
wage of the man Is less than 28 cents and
that of the women less than 12 cents per
day of nine or ten hours. -
Offices Blar, Salaries Small.
The same policy of small wages prevails
throughout the government. The emperor
hlmself has a civil list of about $1,600,000
a year, and he has refused to accept more
on account of the hard times, although
the people have requested him to do so.
jtixs caDinei ministers are pam muuu i
",,v . .1, W
- - - a ,,. ,
with long, white hair, cut even at the
kindly .yes and mascullned by a heavy
white mustache-l. struck In the follow-
" - ... -
,,Th darkness of th present skies
should b lightened by reflecting that the
hereaffr will reunite u. al. In ab,.ut
and Indlssolule bonds, and that all
partings of ths grave are necessary to
" -vir lo
the meetings planned beyond. Th funeral
dlrg is but the anthem to the anthems of
triumph and rejoicing of heaven's morning
to the soul. It had to be In his career;
" " nu miiw-amau air-
ferenc ln language and In fact"
I , i
A Fixed Ineoma.
A ,uthern C0,r,Mman who formry
practiced law In Mississippi telle of an
amun C1M he once t ' . th t u,
h was then a student in tha office of his
une a Colonel Martln who tiKuni Jn
loea, politic '
Xh nialn rls;url )n the trial was a laiy
aarky Mmti pick Button arrested at the
instance of his wife, who' alleged that he
contributed nothing to her support and r-
ruring tho exam!
young Uwver aikod.
During tho examination of Sutton th
but for stand y employment; in other words,
a compensation at stated Intervals on
which on could absolutely rely.
Upon th conclusion of covnstl's remarks
th darky's face brtgh'.ened.
"I think I ha. a fixed Income, h.M h
"And what Is this fixed Income?" was
th next question.
"Wall. ah." anwrd Dick, with a broad
grth In the direction of Colonel Martin,
d colonel aer sliers glv me fo dollars
an' a sack o' flour on taction, dayf "
. - .. . J.CT '. ....J . JS. .. . . . ' ' . -
. - - - - l
THE POOREST PAID.
than ours. Tha premier receives less than
17,000 a yeai and tha minister of state,
(3,000. The chief of tha railways Is paid
12,600, tha governor general of Formosa
$3,000 and the resident general at Seoul tha
same. The foreign ambassadors get $2,500
a year, with from $11,000 to $16,000 for en
tertaining, and tha foreign ministers less.
ine orainary consul general nas irora
$900 to $1,250 per annum and an allowance,
The Judges get little, their salaries rang-
ing from $1,000 to $2,600 and the university
professors are In the same category. The
admiral of tha Japanese navy and the
general-ln-chlef of the army recelva only
$3,000 a year and a rear admiral gets about
$1,700. A colonel In the army has less than
$1,200, a major a little over $600 and a
captain $421. These are far bolow the
amounts paid In our country, where a
cabinet minister gets four times as much,
or $12,000, and the other salaries ar pro-
portionately high. It should be said, how-
ever, that many of the high officers of
the government have official residences
furnished by the emperor, with a special
fund for ntertalnlng.
Wages Ilk those of th masses are only
suited to life on the cheapest seal. Th
avrae Japanese working man lives on
rice, fish, vegetable and tea. If h Is very
poor th tea 1 of th cheapest quality
or straw, and bl. wife's head al-
ways goes bare. The clothes of the work
ing woman cost less than the ribbons of
TTncla Sam'a hired e-irla A tarn Au,m
w"l buy a whole yes outnt ?or a 1
. uuy wn , Tyear out"' or man
or a woman and j venture that on could
go to housekeeping on
money to spar.
$3 and have
Cost of New Civilisation.
Some of these features are those of the
old Japan. They represent th conditions
which still prevail among the masse, of
wnicn sun prevail among tne masse, ot
th molr and under which Janan i now
paying its big taxes and carrying on Its
mighty public Improvements. At th same
time the new civilization is bringing In
new wants and new custom. Tha hi
... . .
army which went to Manchuria contained
hundreds of thousands of mechanics. While
abroad they were fed to some extent on
foreign food, they had foreign shoes and
clote of foreign cut. They acquired cer-
tsin habits which, in contrast with their
almple Uvea wer xtravgant. and they
brought back Innovation to all parts of
Japan. They want mor than they had
ever wanted before, and It Is probable that
they will demand higher wag.'.. If uch
changes continue, they will gradually ask
that th American laborer now
rets, and 11 la a n.la.tinn whether their
country will stand the strain.
At present, prices are higher than tncy
have ever been, and the taxes are heavier.
Everything pays a duty, and tho necessl-
ties of IK coat more than ever bfor.
Hire la now selling at over $1 50 a bushel,
barley at mor than U. and wheat at
about U.60 per bushel. Chickens ar sold
by the kwan, which Is a little mor tnan
elijht pounds, as are albi fish and meat,
Chickens bring 13. 30 per kwan In Kyoto,
or over U cents a pound. Duck sU tor
mor, and eJ'ed trout for about th sani.
Sugar Is over 6 flents a pound, and salt,
which la a government monopoly, costs
mor than 1 cent per pound. Other thing
ara nronortlonately high, so that, to say
the least the Japan working nan on
full trm has all h ean do to mak both
ends meet. FRANK O. CARPENTER.
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