Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, April 11, 1909, HALF-TONE, Page 2, Image 18
Jap anese . :.:. -v--;.. . WIIjDERNESS (Copyright. 1909, by : Frank O. Carpenter.) OBE (Special Correspondence of K The -Bee.) If you want to see I how wide awake the Japanese tic-, n 1 1 17 Willi Ilio U1IIA mnc m look at the Kanegafuchl cotton "milt, which lies on the outskirts of HIoro. It is the biggest spinning estab lishment of the empire, aAd it belongs to a company which has a capital of 7,0m),000 gold dollars and paid last year a dividend of 22 per cent.' The company has alto gether nineteen mills In operation and In course of construction. It has already more .than 200,000 spindles at work; and the four new mills, now building, will add to this 98,000 more. It Is putting up mills for' weaving as well as foe spinning; and when all are completed It will still have 1500,00 worth of working capital to go on. The company began its work twenty years ago by erecting a spinning mill at Tokio. It has now two there and is build ing a third. It has silk mills at Kyoto, which are rapidly approaching completion, and It will soon have 16,000 spindles In operation there. Japan's Blearest Cotton Mill. Of ail the establishments of this big corporation tlu one here at Hiogo Is the largest. It covers many acres and em ploys 4.000 hands. Its works run day. and night, and they turn out cotton yarn by the thousand of bales annually. Much of the product is consumed here In Japan, but .a great deal goes to the rapidly de veloping market of China, where it com petes .with' that from our country. , 'Hlogo Is the native city for which Kobe la -tho port. It has, all told, more than 300,000. people; and in going to the cotton mill, our jlnrtkishas take ua through sev eral miles of Japanese stores, over the bridge which crosses the river and almost Into the country. We can see the great mokestack. It rises high above the low warehouses and spinning mills, and its dense .volume- jf black smoke poisons the air. The : smokestack Is made af iron, in stead of brick, aa in the United States. This Is that It may the better withstand the earthquakes which occur here every few days, and which at times are so great Uhat they might send a tall brick stack to Ahe ground.- For the same reason the large nlls are almost all one story. They are built of brick and are so walled with glaaa that they are splendidly lighted. I do not know the acreage, but I went through a wilderness of moving pulleys, .whirling spindles, cotton opening machines And other works of various kinds, which toqk more time than a Sabbath day's Jour ney. Single buildings seemed to reach on and on till one could hardly see. the end, and In all was the busy hum of machinery and the Japanese men, women and chil dren working away. I have seen many pf our great mills In the United States, but none In which the cotton Is more rapidly and efficiently han dled than here. I doubt If we have any In which the work Is done with less labor. The finest of up-to-date machinery Is em ployed, and when It wears out It goes to the scrap heap. In some rooms, covering an aore, ho more than. two score men were at work, and one little girl was tending to every machine. In the spinning and reeling rooms there were more, and In some I saw hundreds of girls and women at work. "team Engines, Homemade. I asked whence the machinery came and was told that some was from the United States, but that more came from England. Japan lias, not yet begun to manufacture cotton machinery, although It is experi menting with work of all kinds. For In stance, the engines which run these big works were constructed at Tokio. One of tliera Is of 1,(00 horsepower, and it Is as flno.as any engine of the kind anywhere. -Connected with the establishment Is an experimental weaving mill, which will soon be Increased to 400 looms. ' As it Is now, the cotton comes Into the mill In bales, being Imported from China, India and the United States, and It goes put In smaller bales of cotton yarn, ready for weaving. In ths near future much of It will go out In the shape of cotton cloth for the mar kets or Japan, Cores, Manchuria and China. During my visit I went through twelve great cotton warehouses which are packed full of bales, from the ground to the roof, and ths manager tells mo that at certain times in the year he has as much aa $3,000,00 worth of raw cotton on hand. The greater part of the cotton used cornea from India, although much is from the United States. Kobe, 'which is one of the chief porta of the empire, lands about 140.000,000 worth of cotton every year; and of this. tiO.OOO.OOO from China and over 110,000,000 from , the United Statrs. Our cotton Is the best; but the Indian product Is cheaper, anil the two are mixed in the making of these yarns. The manager com plained to me about the bad packing of our American, bales, and showed me some of. them ,sJ1e by side with bales from Bombay. . The latter were beautifully put up and so wrapped that no 'cotton could be lost. 'Our bales were broken and torn and the lint Was. falling' out. -4- Win the Cotton liana. . As' I walked through the mills I asked as to wages, and hours of work. There are two shifts, one during the day and the other at ' night. Tie hours of actual work ar tan, and there axe rest hours at I a. nv, at noon and S p. m. Ths rest times consume about two hours, and with them the working day Is twelve hours long. This company does not work Its haods on Sundays, aa Is common with many of ths Industries of Japan. It believes In night work, lu- manager tells ma that almost . -- Spinning w "nii'l.'." -1 14. -;Lv "..iWKkf t u'.f:f n ifr vix OF WHIRLINO SPINDL.EB. all the cotton mills work both day and night, and that this custom is a great benefit to the spinning Industry. As It is now, the demand for cotton yarns Is so great that night work Is a necessity, but In times of depression it is possible to stop the night work until the demand requires It again. By this double work the Japan mills are producing twice as much, per capital ond machinery, on mills of other countries where day work only is used. This fact may be one of the reasons for the big - dividends which nearly all the companies are now paying. 1 asked as to wages of the mill hands and was told they are from twenty two to sixty seA a day. This means from eleven to thirty cents of our money, or from a littlo ' more than one to three cents for each working hour. . At that they are higher than In some other mills, the general wage of cotton spinners throughout this district being about twenty one cents for women, thirty cents for men and six cents for children. As I went through the mills I saw a great many children at work and many of the child workers were under fourteen. I had a photograph made of myself stand ing beside 'some little almond-eyed tots who could not have been more than ten. According to the government Teports, there are now three hundred and twenty five thousnnd hands In the textile fac tories, and of these almost two hundred and ninety thousand are females. There are also twenty-six thousand girls and two thousand boys who are under four teen years of age. This Is not a large pro portion of children and the number grows less from year to year. Girls1 Dormitories. . The Kanegafuchl company is about the most advanced of all In a pan aa to its methods of handling Its employes. It has tenement houses which It enta out at low rates, and also dormitories for men and dormitories for women. I visited one of the latter buildings. It was a two storied structure surrounding a beautiful garden. Its walla were of framework cov ered with paper, with outer walls of pine wood. It had accommodations for 800 girls sleeping In Japanese- fashion on the floor, with several girls In each room. As the night shift was sleeping, I was not able to look at many of the rooms, but the few I saw were carpeted with the whitest of mats and warmed by hi bach Is or Japanese fire boxes. Outside this, they had prac tically no other furniture. The bedding consisted of futons, or thick-wadded com forters, which were packed away in cup boards when not In use. The girls have Helena Modjeska's Wonderful Career ELENA MODJESKA. actress and patTlot, had a larger acquaint- ance In Omaha than almost any other woman on the state In her time. This was partly because early in her career on the Amer- H lean stage she made here some warm friends, and partly because her son, Ralp Modjeskl, practically began here the engi neering work which was to lead him to a position as eminent In his profession as his mother occupied In hers. Thus it came about that Mme. Modjeska always stayed aa long in Omaha as her engagement would permit, and while her son was living here for two years, his mother came at times when she was not actively engaged in dramatic work, Modjeska was not a young woman when she first came here, and neither was she so old In this year 1909 as many would have thought. She was born In 1844, In Cracow, Foland. At that date this portion of her country had not yet been absorbed by Russian, and Mme. Modjeska, born a free Pole, remained one in spirit all her life. She first saw Omaha In 1878, the year of her first trip across this country as an ac tress, and-It was upon the occasion of this first visit that she and the lata Edward Rosewater became acquainted and formed a friendship which lasted until his death. Mme. Modjeska was an actress of renown in Europe before she came to America. It had been an amateur theatrical experiment which first directed her toward ths stage. In the year 1861 she was visiting In Bochlna, In Austrian Poland, and with some friends essayed a little play In behalf of charity. She herself took the stellar role. It was a successful venture, eminently so, and tha little company decided to turn professional. In three years Mme. Modjeska was engaged to play the leads for a new theater in Cracow, and It was now that the European world began to know her. For eloven years the Polish woman con tinued to play In Warsaw and Cracow and her fame spread all over the conti nent. Meantime her husband, the brilliant M. Chlapowskl, had become persona non ( grata to the Russian government through taking part in the Ill-starred revolution of lMKt and was forced to suspend labor as a newspaper man. Ills wife, torn by sor row fqr her native land and worry at the enmity of the government toward her hus bund, at length broke down. Just at this time a little band of enthu siastic, restless souls conceived tha Idea of finding a refuge In the United States. It mas plamirj along the line of Brook Farm of New tiigland memory, although none of the Poles had heard of this first ex periment In communism. Two men were sent to the United States, one of them being he who later has risen to eminence as the author of "Fire and Sword" and "Quo Vadls." Slencklewlcs and his com panion pitched on a spot in southern Cal ifornia known as Anaheim. It la near ' ' ' THE OMAHA ' RTXDAY TSEK: APRIL 11. 190f. P i l L I Mills Are Paying Big Dividends to Stockholders nun1! -- " j ' 1 - AUDIENCE neither bedsteads, tables nor chairs, and they sit and sleep Japanese fashion upon the floor. Two-Cent Meals. Front here I went to one of the large dining rooms. which the company has es tablished for Its employes. Here several hundred men and boys were eating with chopsticks steaming rice, vegetables and' fish. They were enjoying the meal and were apparently satisfied. As I looked the manager told .me that they furnished board at a little less than cost price, and that the men were given three meals for 6V4 cents per day. This Is not quite 2 cents per meat, nevertheless they ' work all day and grow fat. The manager told me that they lose about 2 cents per day on each man In thus feeding them, and when I asked whether the food was uniformly good the reply came quickly: "Of course It Is, and we have to keep It so or we should soon hear from the men." The company has also a store where it furnishes its . employes such merchan dise as they wan.t at cost price. This store handles all sorts of Japanese goods, though' the men may buy else where If they will. It has food, clothing, notions and everything that appeals to the taste of such people. .Well Treated Workmen. This company is anxious to keep its men in a good humor. It trains its employes for its work and does all it can to make them loyat to the establishment. It takes great pride In the fact that it has some of the best workmen in Japan, and leaves no stone unturned to Increase Kb reputation In this regard. Among the special Insti tutions at the mills is a theater with a large stage and a full equipment of scenery. The house' will seat, I should say, about 1,000, the audience Bitting on white mats on the floor. There are galleries with similar, seats, and the floor rises under them, so that tho people can be uniformly well. The company brings actors and lec turers here at Its own expense, In order to amuse its employes. There is also a two-storied school build-, lng in the works, a large part of which Is given up to a kindergarten for the little children' whose mothers are employed In the mills, and there is a technical school, where picked boys are taught the scientific theory of cotton spinning and practical mill work under competent teachers. This Is with the object of supplying intelligent overseers and foremen for the future. Another institution which all the Kane gafuchl mills have Is a first-class hos pital with a corps of pnysiclans and nurscB, who attend the sick without charge. Tho Log Angeles. Then they returned to Po- land. Some of the enthusiasm had de- parted, tut Mme. Modjeska, her son Ralph and Chlapowskl, her second husband, were among those faithful to the original plan, The party sailed to New York, visited the centennial exposition In Philadelphia, and then sailed' for California, going by way of Panama. The colony proved a failure in a brief time. Its career was not even as long as that of Brook Farm. It was now that Mme. Modjeska determined to return to the stage. For six months she applied her- 'tW -. ..m.. 1 i-. t...to-. i -- .iiiiitu ' ..i '.' - 'V ' J IIELE MODJESKA (From an autographed portrait preeotd t Edward Rosewater la 1300.) ' ' ' ... ff I A , ' l .-". AVI nM.Kj .... . r ...... I- f 1 I ... I m'' L- ..- " .,KKaKitUw'..,. ...... - f J ) , s. OF GIRLS AT FREE THEATER FOR MILL HAND6. E' v Trvw-il t.f-f- a-.v, i-ji.i. '-.... .. 1 -: ; Tun. ? 1 V : EOMB OF THE hospitals have spring beds and are thor oughly ventilated and lighted. The one here had a laboratory connected with It for the itudy of microbes and the investi gation of special diseases. The company proposes to build a sanitarium at Taka sago, one of the seaside resorts, for Its convalescent operatives; it has appropriated $15,000 for the building, and this Is now under construction. In addition to the above, these mills have a pension fund which now amounts to $142,000, a fund for the welfare of the em ployes of more than $100,000 and a sanitary fund of $25,000. The workmen have also societies organized under a company for mutual relief and for the promotion of tho general interest of .the members. One of these societies has a large Income from Its members' fees, including a subsidy from the company, and another has a capital of $100,000. I am told that all the cotton mills of self to the study of English, and at tho end of that time secured, after sumo dif ficulty, a hearing at the California thea ter In Sun Francisco. "Adrlenne Lecouv reur" was the vehicle and Mme. Modjeska scored as instantaneous and complete a success as she had on first appearances in Warsaw and Cracow. She was immediately engaged for an ap pearance In New York and at the Fifth Avenue theater in December, 1877. she re peated her California victory. After that her career was one of unbroken successes. She made twenty starring tours across f.. ;b;;v' mm ,'V if-? a. .1 St ;y.v.v'.:j i.'.i !.. 1 ' ;,-i i..-- ''i 11 11 in iiiini i w ' "'.-'V-v- ' CHILD WORKERS. Japan are doing well. . In addition to the establishment which I have described there are many others which work day and night and which propose to Increase their ca Vaclty and to extend their trade through cut the far east. They look upon China as their especial market and say that they have the advantage of all other peo ples In understanding tho written charac ters used In the languages of the two coun tries, and also In their general knowledge of tho Chinese people and their customs. There are now Japanese going over China investigating the markets for cotton; and there are utoamshlp lines which connect Kobe with the big cities on almost all the Chinese rivers. The demand for cotton goods at home is steadily Increasing, and there a great effort will be mudo to push the trade In Corea and Manchuria. At present there are 118 mills In the coun try devoted to spinning alone; and these have more than l.BOO.Ow) spindles. They on the Stage the cour.try in the course of which she played fifteen Shakespearian roles Juliet, IRosamond. Viola, Beutrlce, Portia, Imogen, Ophelia, Julia, Ilesdemona, Lady Constance, Queen Catherine, Hermione, Isabel und Lady Macbeth. It Is of course as the last named that she is best known, but it was not her favorite part. Best of all she liked to play Mary SUuart in the "Schiller drama. One of her children she named for the Queen of Scots. It is asserted that Modjeska was the first who played Ibsen in America. Certain it Is at any rate that she put on "The Doll's House" under the name of "Thora" in 1&S3-4. It met with a cool reception. With Suderman's "Helmath," given as "Magda," she had better luck and kept It In her repertory for some years. Illustrious as Mme. Modjeska was pro fessionally, sl.t will be longest remembered by those who knew her best for her noble oharacter In private life. A never-falling' spring of energy and inspiration In a pro fessional way to her assoclutes on the stage, she was by these and other friends beloved as few men or women In any age for her kindliness and thoughtfulness. Her son, Ralj h Modjeskl (his name ends with the masculine "I") was sent to Paris to study at the Ecole des ponts et Chausses. He graduated at the head of his class and soon came back to America to practice engineering. His professional work, begun in Omaha, has served to place him In the very front rank of civil en gineers who devote themselves to bridge designing. His work in Omaha lasted through 1885 and lm. It had to do with the widening of the Union Pacific bridge. Assistant engineer of the Union Pacific at that time, he rose rapidly thereafter. He became consulting engineer of the Illi nois Central and hus since designed among others the gnat bridge at Thebes. III., the Willamette bridge over the Columbia In Oregon, which will take the Northern Pa cific Into Portland, und a great suspenslpn bridge at Iiulsville, Ky. Two honors have come to him recently of the highest rank. One Is his appointment as a member of the international commission of three to re build the bridge over the St. Lawrence at Quebec. The other is his selection as consulting engineer for tho new structure to replace the Willlumsburg bridge across the East river at New York. During his two years in Omaha Mr. ModJ.-tki occupied a residence on liurt street Hear North Tw.-nly-thlrd. In later j ems he became a warm friend of Clement Chuse of this city, whose wife hut been a friend of Mine. Modjeska from beforu the time that woman her made her debut In Adrlenne Lecouvreur. Mr. and Mrs. Mod jeskl and Mme. Modjeska have been fre quent guests of the Chases In Omaha and the actress always stayed at the Chase home when her company played here. Mr. and Mrs. Chase named on of their daugh ters after tha Polish woman. 'aa Mm t. mi mm iim " .',1 - . 4-- - ' h" Iwi --' ,v BREAKINQ COTTON AT THE ICANEOAFUCHI MILLS. make almost 1,000.000 bales of cotton yarn annually; and have a profit therefrom of $9,000,000 or $10,000,000. I have before me figures showing some of the dividends paid. In 195 every cotton mill In Japan paid from 10 to 40 per cent, and in 1306 there were ten companies which paid all the way from 16 to 45 per cent. In 1907 there were two which paid 50 per cent; and the Tokio Grand Yarn company has pnld ns high as 70 per cent Nearly all these compnnies sre adding to their surpluses and are charging off good amounts to the deprecia tion of their buildings and machinery. Cotton Weaving:. So far tho Japanese have not done a great deal In weaving cotton, but they are now making enough sheeting every year to carpet a road as wide as Pennsylvania avenue. In Washington, for a distance of 60.000 miles. Such a carpet wnuld reach twice around the world at the equator and leave more than enough over to cover a similar pathway through Its center. There aro now a number of large mills with something like 10,000 looms. They grew rapidly during the war with Russia, for the army needed quantities of goods, and the prices roso. The cost of blankets went up 100 per cent, and some of the mills were kept busy making kahki. Of what the war required It Is estimated that Japan supplied 70 per cent and only imported 30 per cent. In addition to the work of the weaving factories, an enormous amount was done In the houses on hand looms. There are now almost 1,000,000 homes in which weav ing is carried on, and there are hundreds of thousands of people who work these. The number was more than 1,000,000 ten years ago, but It Is gradually decreasing and more and more of the work is being done in the factories. It Is this housewcav Ing Industry which consumes a great part of the cotton yarn manufactured here, and it is on the hand looms that most of that which Is exported to China and Korea Is woven. Many small mills are springing up, some worked by steam and others by water puwer and electricity. The center of tho weaving industry Is about Osaka, which is also tho center of the spinning industry. That city has more than 20,000 houses In which weaving Is done. It has scores of largo factories und the smoke from their stacks makes the town seem more like Pittsburg than any In Japan. Osaka Is now us big as Philadelphia, and It has grown greatly within the past few years. Japanese Matting-. This region Is the center of the matting Industry. There are many factories about Osaka bay and here In Kobe which make millions of mats for home consumption, millions of mats for name consumption. The Japanese do not uso matting like that exported to the United States. The most common carpet here is made up of white straw woven into mats an inch thick, a yard wide and two yards long. These mats are the unit of surface measurement for Quaint Features of Life That Was Going- Some." TTIRED in underclothing, two A pairs of trousers, a heavy outside-flannel shirt, stockings and rubber boots, Ervin I.eonard was working about a revolving shaft In his Farmington saw mill, near Westfleld, Pa. Suddenly he was picked up by the belting, whirled around the shaft many times and hurled many feet. He was nude save for a littlo strip of underclothing around one wrist and one ankle. Companions who ran to pick up his lifeless body were amazed to see him t pen his eyes and hear him say: "Gee whiz! but that waa going some." Ills hlrs were dislocated and he received numerous bruises, but with theso excep tions he Is us good as ever. The space be tween the top of the shafting and the beam, which he was crowded through. Is not more than twelve Inches high. Wife May -ag nt Home. It may be very unpleasant for a husband to listen to the nagging remarks made by his wife. She may accuse him. of all sorts of things, but as long as she confines her remarks to tho four walls of their hoino the husband cannot sue for a divorce. That is the opinion, at least, of Judge Hacker of the circuit court of Bartholomew county, Indiana. He was called on to decide a de murrer In the divorce case of Aaron Wild man, and ho sustained the demurrer to the complaint. Wlldmun declared In his complaint that he had been treated In a cruel and Inhuman manner. Then he specified thut the treat ment consisted In Ii la wife muking nv-an remarks to him, accusing him of unfaith fulness, wishing him bad luck und all that sort uf thing. He did not all-ge that she had ever struck him or used uny sort of violence except with lier tongje. If the remarks made by the wife had been mailo In public. Judge Ilai ker mid that they might be construed to show that Wlldmun had suffered from the treatment Obliged the Tornse.' An emi.ty coffin rented .on u trjik on the Atchison d pot piutforin one d:iy this week, reiutes the Kansas City Jouinil. (Jut oi mischief one of the einploeu In the bag gage room crawled Into the coffin box and drew the lid down. No sooner was lie con cealed than a young colored man with a Jaunty swagger and tuneful whlutlu came along and wishing to rest settled comfort ably on the casket.' He fell asleep and was awakened by a distressing moan. The moan was repeated, and then somebody said: l :i--'"' r . 1 . 'v- - almost everything. The rooms of ths houses are rectangular and their sites nr estimated at the number of mats it takes to cover them. When a man orders a house built he directs that It be one of so many mats, and the cost of construction is based upon that estimate. These mats are bound with black cloth, and, as they fit closely, tho floor Is covered with a number of these white rectangles sur rounded by hlaek. Japan uses over 14,000. 0"0 such mats every year, and also S.OOO.CHiO or 4.CW.00O pieces of ordinary matting of the same shape. The value of tha whole is several million dollars. As to the matting for export, the manu facture of that began less than twenty years ago, and It now brings in something like $"i,000,000 a year. Almost the whole of this export Is to the United States, our purchases of Japanese matting annually amounting to something like 20,000.000 yards. The most of this Is cheap and coarse, but other varieties are aa fine as a Panama hat. They are now making new patterns with raised figures. I have Just ordered a roil sent home, which looks like brocaded silk woven of straw. This matting is made out of a reed which grows about here. It has no knots and is much like rice, although its seed has no value. It is planted and cultivated in the same way, and is well dried and bleached before It Is sold. The matting i dyed with anallne colors. It is woven like cloth, but ail the pieces have to be put in by hand. The work is tedious and of the finer varieties two men and an assistant can make not more than three rolls per month. The Japanese are now weaving beauti ful straw rugs in flowers and other pat terns, and these are exceedingly cheap. I have bought some about six by ten feet in size at 50 or 60 cents each and the high est price I have paid for any matting Is less than 20 cents gold per yard. Native Cottons, The most beautiful cottons made here are intended far native consumption. They ara not much more than a foot wide and ara artistically printed In designs far different from the loud figures used on the goods Intended for the United States markets. The cotton crepe for home use is beautiful and It would have a big sale In the United States for curtains if it were sent there. The Japanese use it for their e very-day summer kimonos. Another Interesting manufacture of cot ton is that which the native people employ hero for toweling. These have gay figures printed In white and blue. Every firm has Its own design and not a few of the native hotels give away towels of this kind to their guests. Within the last few years quite a crazo has sprung up among the foreign ladles visiting Jaran to make col lections of these towels, and I know many who buy pieces of them for use as fancy tablecloths and napkins. FRANK Q. CARP ENTER. "Oh o-o! Please get off my dead body." Tho nergo grunted the request at once. With a blood-curdling yell he leaped Into the air and sped away. He attempted to cross the bridge, but Cy Smith, fearing that In his frenzy he would leap into the watery depth below, blocked the way. Unable to cross the river, the colored man sprinted to the railroad yards, and when last seen was passing the coal mine and still going cuuth. Itoosevelt's Macaolayaa Memory. Somewhere In the White House flics is a hater from Senator Lodge, relates Collier's. The senator had been dining at the White House, and the letter refers to the talk of the night before. It begins: "You are so deplorably exact ubout dates that when you said Hlero was a century after Alexander I simply climbed down and wondered how I cumc to make such a blunder as to put him before Alexunder. Looking the matter up,I find my excuse. There were two Hieros. lllero I reigned 478-467. It wus his date I had In my head. Hlero 11 was born before DUO, not very far away, but he had a long reign, and lived to an enormous ugi'." Someone Introduced Edward Clarke to the president. "Oh," said Roosevelt when he heard the name, "you wrote a monograph on the 'prothonotary warbler.' You studied him in the Kankakee River country." lOIertrlral K fleet In Water. The elect! leal Installations at the Alaska Yukon exposition are so far advanced as to permit triul illuminations. One of these Just held proved thut the cascades, which are tha central feature of the exposition, will constitute a most beautiful spectacle. The cascades extend for u lenuth of bM feet through the central court of the ex position grounds. They tarry 4-i.ftiO gal lons of water a mi:n:te, and when this trcrrrtndous volume plunges ever them It Is broken Into millions of rainbow frag ments by submerged electric lights. The Hui n;ertr d lights are protected by heavy heads of rolured tlai-y, so airanaed that they sr.aie from lighter t mes to the center of the stream to dar! r eo'nrs ut the outer eiij.e. As trc ttrei m plunges ever the serlts of dams In Its downward course, It takes on the varied c oins of the lights. The cascade end In Geyser Basin, where the "Old Faithful" Geyser of tha Yellow stone Is reproduced, spurting jets of water 1T0 feet In the air st Intervals of a minute. The basin, like the cascades. Is Illuminated by submerged lights which maka of tha Jets of water thousands of trldaacaat aprajs.