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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 20, 1909)
THE OMAJIA DAILY BEEi WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1909.
The Omaha Daily Del
FOUNDED BT HOWARD ROeUTWATIR.
VICTOR ROS9WATKR. EDITOR.
t"fiterd at Omaha poetotfloe aa eecond-
THnuia or subscription.
Daily .Bee (without Sunday), en year.44.
" ' duj7reTmTarr
Pally Bee (inohiding ftunaay), per wk..i6o
Evening Bee (with Sunday), per wsek..ioo
Addreaa ail oomalaiata ot Irrea-tjlaritlee in
uaiiverjr to vuy cinjuunwu
Omaha The Baa Building.
South Omaha Twenty-fourth and N.
Council Bluffa-1 Bcott Street.
Llncola-tU Little Building.
N.;YRSo"m.u KTm West
Thirty-third Btraat. . -
waanington 7Z& rourteenin mrccv, i..
Communications relating to nawa and adt-
Remit y draft, ampreaa or postal ordor
Only I-eent at am pa raoelvad In payment of I
E' k'. Jra.7S
STATEMENT OF CTRCU1ATI01.
State of Nebraska, Douglas County, ss.:
Ueorge B. Tsschuck. treasurer of The Baa
Publishing company, being duly iworn, aaya
that the actual numbar of full and com
plete copies of The Dally. Morning. Even
ing and Sunday Bee printed during- the
month of December, 190. waa aa follows:
1 17.780 IT S7,8T0
2 37 MO
14 i, 36,710
Less unaold and returned ooples..
Dally average 37,461
GEORGE B. TZBCHUCK.
Subscribed in my preaence and sworn to
before me tnia net oay or uecemoer, muo.
WHEN OTJT OF TOWS.
Subscribers leaving? taa city teas
porarllr aaeutd fcava Taa Be
mailed ta them. Addreaa will
At the same time, a man with a
good reputation may save It by refus
ing to go to congress.
The cause of tho hatters' strike is
not clear, but it is possible that they
balked at making green ones.
"Try the Scotch remedy for cold
feet," says a writer on the beauty
page. Hot Scotch for cold feet.?
Philadelphia Is to have a Marathon
race. Still, some folks Insist that
there Is nothing bow under the sun.
Just a few. flays now and it will be
decided whether tad groundhog Is en
titled to membership in the Ananias'
Having been inaugurated as gov-
arnnv rt Vnrth Parnllna W. W
Kltchin is busy picking his Kltchln
The fight at Washington will have
to be concluded before noon of March
4 or the public, acting as referee, will
declare It a draw.
Carrie Nation mult be feeling more
at home In London now. She has
been arrested there for smashing the
mirrors In a saloon.
Elsie Janla' dog. Is to be operated
on for appendicitis. While this may
appear rough on the dog, It cinches
the press agent's Job.
Medicine. Hat will please take notice
that we are overstocked with Its kind
of weather and will not need any more
of It for at least a year.
A Pittsburg banker has been sent to
prison for fifteen years for violating
the national banking laws. Crimes in
high finance are becoming unpopular.
t there Is anything else that Lin
coln wants In the way of new build
ings to be paid for out of the state
treasury, now is the time to speak out.
No one ever Intimated that tho
promise of a retirement pension ever
niussled Dr. Andrews while he was
chancellor ot the University of Ne
Howard Maxim announces that he
has Invented a muffler which will
make the biggest guns noiseless. He
ought to try It first on some political
big guns. .
A bill has been presented at Lincoln
to - make Lincoln's - birthday and St.
Patrick' day legal holidays In N
brass. Move to amend it by adding
Senator TUhnan complains that his
mail la being held up. A typewriting
machine that he tried to send through
the mall under his frank is being held
up' for $16 postage.
Governor Hoke Smith say 8 that the
prohibition-law in Georgia must be
enforced, and Savannah retorts that
that law cannot be enforced until it
bas been reinforced.
A Chlcagoan has been expelled from
a swell club for throwing salad in a
friend's' faoa. ' K is against Chicago
etiquette to throw salad In the face
of anyone but an enemy.
"Adam was a loafer." tays an Illi
nois preacher. Possibly, but let It be
said In his favor that he never served
In congress Bor was he a subject of in
estimation by secret service officials.
ABUBIXO THE PREBWEXT.
All precedent In conrrets seems to
hava been broken, by William Wlllett,
a Tammany congreBuman suffering
from an acute attack of dlatrlbltla, In
making a personal attack npon the
president of the United States. With
a wealth of billingsgate that would
make a London fishwife gree.n with
nr, Wlllett poured forth epithet.
abuse and coarse Invective nntll the
over.toler.nt house ended the dla-
gustlng tirade by denying him the
privilege of the floor, personal and
p0ltlcal enemlea of the president will
find many mouthy morsels in Wlllett's
speech, but they will search in Tain
for any Justification for it, for any
argument or specific- charge upon
which, such an attack could be based.
The Wlllett outbreak Is not without
Il Ifnlflcance. Among republicans
snd democrats alike In congress are
"lembors who have ill-suppressed their
antagonism to President Roosevelt
Rnd n,8 polcie8 Tney Dave- opposed
hlB railroad rate legislation, his ac-
tl Persistent warfare against
the lawless corporations, his pursuit
of the land and lumber thieves and all
his policies looking to betterment of
the people and the repression of the
predatory interests. They have not
dared, however, to make their fight or
show their resentment openly. The
president's policies have appealed to
the people and have been endorsed bf
them and even those who have op
posed the president have been com
pelled to smother their opposition at
been re-elected, or have been defeated,
at the polls. Now that they have either
been re-elected, or have been defeated
they are coming Into the open, vent
ing their long pent-up spleen against
the president during the closing
hours of hlB administration. While
their course may please the interests
they have tried so loyally to servo, the
people will not be deceived by such
eleventh hour eruptions of Indigna
tion against the president and his
THE TEXAS OIL DECISIOX.
The decision of the United States
supreme court sustaining the Texas
court's finding in fining the Waters-
Pierce Oil company and forbidding it
from doing business further in that
state, is In line with the recent action
of the supreme court ot Missouri and
indicates that at least two states in
the union have anti-trust laws which
promise to do the service for which
they were enacted.
The Texas case has been given un
usual publicity because Senator Bailey
was enmeshed in It, appearing as at
torney for the Waters-Pierce company
and trying to make It appear that that
company was not allied with the
Standard. The evidence showed, how
ever, as it did In the Missouri case,
that the Waters-Pierce company is
controlled by the Standard and that It
had a working agreement for control
ling territory, fixing prices, suppress
ing competition and monopolizing the
oil trade. The Teias court found the
Waters-Pierce company guilty, as
sesses a fine of 11,623,900 and
ordered the company to cease doing
business In Texas. The company ap
pealed to the supreme court, only to
have the findings of tho Texas court
confirmed in every particular.
The result In the Texas and Mis
souri cases furnishes a pleasing promise
that the prosecutions against law-de
fying trusts, Inaugurated br President
Roosevelt and taken up by state ad
ministrations throughout the country
will culminate In forcing the Standard
Oil octopus and , other like combines
to comply with the law and abandon
practices which' have worked to the
serious harm ot the American con
sumers. AX IMMIORATWX SCAXDAL.
The house committee on appropria
tions has another crd up its sleeve to
be played just as soon as trie secret
service squabble has been disposed of,
In a proposition to abolish the Immi
gration commission established In the
spring of 1907 to make an exhaustive
study and report of the immigration
question at home and abroad. The
charge Is made that the commission
has been more productive of recre
ative value than of legislative useful
ness, and some congressmen propose
to get rid ot It by cutting off its source
The commission was organized two
years ago and, according to reports,
has been very busy accumulating a
large staff of clerks, Inspectors, assist
ants, bookkeepers and accountants,
with the result that it is costing some
thing like $200,000 a year. Most of
the members of the commission are
members of either the senate or the
bouse, who draw no additional pay ex
cept for traveling expenses, but they
have been liberal in the employment
of help. Members of the commission
have visited different parts of Europe
and have made a study ot the coun
tries from which most of our foreign
workmen come, and have gone Into
the cost of living, customs and habits
of the people, and a mass of sociology
leal data concerning the folks who may
or may not become future citizens ot
The commission made only a partial
report to congress, and it is under
stood to be Its desire to have its life
prolonged Indefinitely, asserting that
to have the appropriation cut off now
would destroy the work accomplished
at great expense. This Is the usual
argument advanced for prolonging the
life ot special commissions. It was
used to keep the Industrial commis
sion, the Spanish Claims commission
and other similar bodies on the fed
eral payroll long after they had out
lived their usefulness.
The panic, the Italian earthquake
and the discovery that more than half
the Immigrants who come to this coun
try return to their native shores when
employment falls, would seem to fur
nlsh about as good a solution of the
labor and Immigration question as
could a report in many volumes. If
congress does not abolish the commis
sion, It might well at least fix a time
limit on its activities and reduce the
exorbitant salaries paid to Its em
ROT OX THE SQUARE.
The more the demo-pop attack on
the supreme court develops the more
plain It becomes that It Is merely
trumped up for political effect. The
present program contemplates a test
case brought In the name of Judge
Holcorob as one of the appointees of
Governor Shallenberger claiming a
seat occupied by one ot the Sheldon
appointees. Of course, anyone can
start such a suit, but only a person
with a colorable title can successfully
maintain It. According to best legal
advice, Judge Holcomb is not. eligible
to the position of supreme Judge, be
ing barred by this clause of the consti
tution: No person shall ba eligible to the office
of Judge of the supreme court unless he
shall be at least 30 y-eara ot age, and a c'.tl
en of the United States; nor unless he
shall have resided In this state at least
three years next preceding his election.
Judge Holcomb has not resided In
the state of Nebraska for three years
next preceding his so-called appoint
ment, having come back from the
Puget Sound country only a little over
a year agd. It is said that Governor
Holcomb was seriously considered for
appointment by Governor Sheldon, but
finally dropped because of Ineligibility.
If his suit should be adversely decided
on this point it would still leave the
real Issues up In the air for a continu
ous performance, which is evidently
what the demo-pops want.
WHAT ARE WE UOIXQ TO DO ABOUT ITt
On January 1, this year, the out
standing bills against the city of
Omaha for gan lamps to light the
streets and public places ran Just a
little over tho $100,000 mark. Since
the expiration of the last street light
ing contract with the gas company the
mayor and council have refused to or
der payment of theso bills on the
ground that the new contract is In
valid. In a word, the city has con
tinued to require the gas company to
furnish and maintain street lamps, but
has refused to pay for them. As a
consequence the gas company has gone
into court to sue out its claims and
has obtained Judgment, although the
legal spokesmen for the city have in
stituted an appeal, which Is still pend
ing. With matters standing as they
are, the city is In debt to the gas com
pany In excess of $100,000, with ac
crued Interest at the rate of 7 per cent,
amounting to over $7,000, so that the
exact claim as of January 1, 1909, is
It turns out that the street lighting
fund Is in different condition from the
water hydrant fund, which is alto
gether nonexistent. The lighting
fund, according to the city comptrol
ler, contains enough money to pay the
gas bills, the end-of-the-jear balances
having been in some way saved from
going into the sinking fund as contem
plated by the charter. Therefore, the
city la In this position that it is
standing off a debt of $109,108.75,
drawing 7 per cent interest, while It
puts the money on deposit in the bank
at 2 per cent interest. A school boy
In the arithmetic class can readily
figure it out that the privilege ot fight
ing the gas bills is costing the taxpay
ers of Omaha the difference between
2 per cent Interest and 7 per cent In
terest, being approximately $7,600 a
year, or over $600 a month.
It Is a fair assumption that the gas
company can borrow money at less
than 7 per cent. If so, the longer the
city's 7 per cent debt runs the more
profit for the gas company.
What are we going to do about It?
Our amiable democratic contem
porary has discovered that Governor
Sheldon's administration has been ex
tremely extravagant. Governor Shel
don had a contingent fund at his dis
posal of $200, of which all but $29.68
waB spent In twenty-one months.
Therefore, the legislature should im
mediately vote a deficiency approprla
tlon to give Governor Shallenberger an
extra contingent fund of $100, to be
spent during the coming three months.
At this ratio Governor Shallenberger
will need a contingent fund appropria
tion for his full term ot $1,037.44
Talk about extravagance.
Senator Bailey is offering the argu
ment that the constitution of the
United States gives congress no au
thorlty to establish a postal savings
bank system. The supreme court of
the United States decided early in the
nation's history that congress had
power to establish a banking system.
Congress laughed when the presl
dent's message rebuking congress was
read and the president laughed when
he read the resolution ot congress re
buking the president. In the mean
time the public Is laughing with both
the president and the congress.
"Jim" Corbett proposes to wrest the
championship belt from "Jack" John
son in order to "vindicate the Cau
casian race." The record falls to
show that the Caucasian race Is seek
ing a vindication.
Omaha's heartless school board has
put the apple shower and the Christ
mas present for a teacher under the
ban. Pretty soon the bad little boy
will have no way open whatever to
Mr. Bryan bas backed down on lm
n-ediate payment and unlimited Uabll
Ity in bis deposit guaranty scheme.
He has also become suddenly silent
about curtailing the Injunction powers
of our courts and abolishing proceed
ings for contempt. He still has the
slogan, however, "Let the people
The Denver Chamber of Commerce
is planning a national exposition In
that city in 1911. Apparently the chief
excuse for It is the optimistic belief
that congress will be ready by that
time to grant a few millions to an ex
position. What's everybody's business is
usually nobody's business. Are we to
consolidate Omaha and South Omaha
Into a Greater Omaha in advance of
the federal census, or are we to let
this Important matter go by the board?
Members of our Water board have
eaten up In salaries more than $20,000
of the taxpayers' money without hav
ing any water works to manage and
are still drawing pay, with nothing to
do. What are we going to do about it?
"In Texas," says a railroad report,
"there are fifty-five counties in -which
the whistle of a locomotive has never
been heard." The report falls to state
whether the counties are without rail
roads or merely without population.
In the late presidential campaign
John Worth Kern of Indiana expressed
his determination to spend his life
bearing the cross of democracy. Just
now he is in Kokomo, bearing the
double cross of democracy.
The new liquor law In Tennessee
prohibits the maintenance of a saloon
within four miles of a school house.
The next news from Tennessee will
probably be that the Night Riders are
burning the school houses.
Rnd of the Crooked Itoad.
Cardenlo King of Boston, Just sentenced
to ten years as a swindler, was fully com
petent to get rich honestly, but seemed to
consider the method old-fashioned.
Cheer I'd I
The statisticians 'have found that less
than S.tHO.OOO people are earning more than
$1,000 a year each in this country. This
hould make the man who Is getting $J5
week cheer up and begin to feel aristo
Fact aad Forecast.
The Indiana democratic legislature tailed
to rise to the John W. Kern situation, and
the Nebraska legislature two years hence
will probably fall to rise to the William
Jennings Bryan situation. However, both
these veterans are more or less used to
that sort of thing, we fancy.
Trouble Ahead for Congress.
Congress finds Us tilt with the creel
dent faded to a mere ripple on the, sur
face. In comparison with the new dan
gers which have suddenly sprung up to
apiJ the members. The suffragettes have
leased a house In Washington and will
establish a permanent headquarters, where
tney can get after tho congressmen all the
time. Borne of the latter are putting a bold
face on the matter, while others are sus
pected of secretly preparing to take treat
ment to strengthen their nerves.
Boosting; Palarlea and Deficit.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
It would certainly aeem aa though the
lilting of official salaries at Washington
might wait until the revenue deficit has
been overcome. And even then the pro-
rosea jarre auditions to the salaries of the
vice-president and speaker of the house,
along with a provision of horses and
coaches, should present to congress an
objectionable, not to say a ridiculous, ap
pearance. Why the presiding officers of
the two houses should be so far exalted
above the other members aa this la not
clear. If It Is allowed, we shall next have
the Increases pointed to as a warrant for
further advancing the regular congres
Winning- of the South.
The president-elect Is winning golden
opinions In the south. Few changes of the
next few years are likely to be more
marked than in the southern attitude
toward the republican party. As a legacy
of reconstruction and the bitter jiaaalona
of war, the very name republican In many
parts of the south has been held In ab
horrence. Any member of the "first
families" who joined the party risked being
ostracised. McKlnley did much to set the
tide In the other direction; Roosevelt has
had certain elements of atrength with the
aouth, but has, not been Invariably aucceas
ful In dealing with lta political problem.
Mr. Taft's resldenoe in Georgia this winter
has convinced Its people that he Is not
dangerous," and the south has long been
In essential agreement with most of hi
REVOLUTION D V PRIMARY.
Chansres Whleh Will Affect the Beats
of Klfty-Konr Senators.
William Allen White in American Maga-
The secret ballot, the direct primary and
the purged party which are now assured
In American politics do not set the metes
and bounds of progress toward self-gov
eminent In this country. They are funda
mental reforms. It Is true, and they are
the stepa that are necessary before there
may be any real forward movement For
It will be seen that each one of these move
ments Is a leveling process, a tendency to
make money, property, wealth cr dlstlnc-
tlnctlon count for nothing save as an In
direct Influence In the ballot box. Each of
tliese Innovations, the secret ballot, th
primary and the reformed party. Is a step
toward democracy a step toward the Dec
laratlon cf Independence and away from
the constitution, which so feared majority
rule that It was hedged about with checks
and balances at every possible point In
the early days of the republic the people
annulled the constitution by getting a dl
rect vote on the president, and thus ob
talned the executive branch of the govern
ment. Now they are capturing the legis
lative branch through the primary, which
today puts over half the United Btatea sen
ators under the direct vote of the people.
When one stopa to think that In Oregon
Washington, California. North and South
Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas. Oklahoma
Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri,
Iowa, Wlaconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Illinois,
Alabama, Mississippi. Florida, Georgia,
Texas, Tennessee, South Dakota, Vlr
glnla, New Jeney and Kentucky Unlttd
States senators at the next election will
go directly to the people for nominations
and not to the railroads and the public ser
vice corporations of their respective states
as they did ten years ago, on realises
how revolutionary are the things that are
coming Into our system.
ROIND ABOtT NEW YORK.
Rlpplea the Current e-f I.lfo la the
A writer in the American magaalne en
ters a protest against the Impression quite
general "In the provlnoee." that money
grabbing Wall street, garlah Fifth avenue,
gorgeous food and drink establishments
and the blinding "great white way" re
flect the heart of the real New York. "The
true spirit of the city." says the writer,
"la reflected In the millions ot plain, honest
people who try to live up to the most cor
rectly old-fsshloned and healthful domestic
Ideals. There Is the same proportion of
men with high Ideals in this city as In
any other. Here as elsewhere we find
thousands of men who 'worship' only the
material out of which they paint their pic
turea, write their books, carve their sta
tues. . Hare as elsewhere there are thous
ands of men applying themselves with
scant reward o the solution of the pussies
of science, physicians laboring nightly
among the poor, and clergymen wearing
out their lives In the cure of sin and sor
row. Even Tammany joins In the physical
improvement of the city. Even the des
pised rich contribute museums, libraries
and hospitals to the general good, and un
ostentatiously in many cases spend their
time and money In relieving poverty and
suffering. There is no more general wor
ship of money here than there Is In To
peka. The tone of the people toward 'vul
gar wealth' Is one of good-natured con
tempt. 'John D.' and 'Andrew' are the
subjects of many of the most spirited pop
ular jests and the public racks Its honett
sides laughing at the feeble or clumsy at
tempts of Newport to appea-p magnificent."
A begger who Insists on shaking hands
with his victims has appeared on Fifth
avenue. He is e husky fellow with some
300 pounds of bone and muscle to
strengthen his grip. He first greets the
pedestrian with a cordial smile and sweep
of the hand. That Is the critical moment.
If the pedestrian pauses for a minute up
sidles the beggar.
"Don't you know me, boss?" he asks,
seizing the victim's hand In a vlsetlke
grasp. "I'm one of your old postmen.
Many a letter with good news, and bad,
I've brought to you.
"Don't know me? Well, I have changed.
Four months In the Tombs will change
the looks of any man. I got there through
All the time the old postman, whom you
cannot of course possibly remember, Is
holding onto your hand with all his might.
He won't let go. That Is a part of the
game. Only when he sees that there is
a weakening that promises to end in a
contribution does he relax his hold on tho
He is just as cordial and hearty In his
thanks as he was in his approach. One
feels just as much done as ever, yet there
Is a fine holiday spirit about the manner
of his holdup that almost reconciles the
victim to the fact that he has practically
been assaulted on Fifth avenue In broad
Yet this rascal has been making a dally
progress up and down Fifth avenue for
the laat two weeks, falling in bla designs
only when the projected victim absolutely
refused to show any signs ot recognition
after the firat hearty greeting.
A souvenir of the civil war came Into
the hands of a delicatessen merchant on
the East Bide a few days ago which showed
how scarce small change must bave been
in those days. It was a green 8-cent pos
tage stamp, encased In a thin metal frame
the else of an old copper cent. The face
of the atamp was protected by a disk of
mica. On the reverse side the Improvised
coin was stamped "Good for three cents."
Thla queer substitute for money waa given
along with other email change by a woman
who said it was the last of a number of
similar pieces which she had owned for
many years, and the man who took the
combination stamp, mica and tin for 3
cents in speaking of It, said: "The woman
looked aa If she was prosperous once and
was sorry to give up the piece."
Two men were wrangling as to who
should settle with the waiter for the lunch'
eon. When the question had been finally
decided and the contestants had gone the
waiter said to one of his regular customers
who was a wltnees to the scene: "That's
what we like, for every time It happens
we come In for an extra tip. The man
who couldn't get the check has only one
way to get even, and that Is by giving the
waiter something, and nine times out ot
ten he does It and makes the amount more
than he would have given If he had paid
the check. This one ordered extra cigars
and left the change for me. We like the
give me the check' quarrels."
Justice Marean, of the supreme court, has
declared Invalid the will of a man who
left his entire estate, amounting to $10,000,
In trust to Trinity church at Rock away,
the condition of the trust being that tho
Whole Income from the bequest should
forever be used In caring for the testator's
The intended purpose, as the Justice
tees It, Is not religious, charitable, edu
catlonal or benevolent, and, therefore, "It
does not come under the exception to the
law against perpetuities. On the eofr
trary, such a bequest waa merely the out'
come of irorbid conceit, and he decided
that the estate ahould go to the natural
heirs, declaring that "a neglected grave'
yard la a more effective lesson to pride
and selfishness than the smug ana sell
satisfied decency that speaks of mercen
Michael J. O'Connor of New York City,
who came from Ireland aa a child, a year
ago bought his native village of Leltrlm
and haa just acceded to the request of hla
tenants for a JO per cent reduction In
their rents. "As the only American land
lord In Ireland or rather out of It," he
says, "I am bound to help her out or her
tenantry troubles. I didn't buy the village
as an Investment, but largely from senti
ment, I guesa. I wanted tn own the place
where my ancestor, the last king or rr
land ha is my ancestor, for all I know
to the eontrary la burled. And then,
waa born In Leltrlm." That I guesa'
wnnM indicate that Mr. O Connor waa
prety well naturalised.
In a large downtown office, where the
value of system and order Is appreciated
one of the rulea which the manager Insists
must never be broken Is, "Everything must
be In Us proper place." The clerk who
haa to look for an article which haa a
designated place receivea a mark against
his name, and a second offense Is sure to
bring him a reprimand. One day laat week
the boy whoae duty It la to affix atamps
on the outgoing mall found on his desk a
hat, a pair of gloves and a broken box
of cigarettes. The Initials In the bat gave
him a clew, and after making a red Ink
mark against Rule No. he placed the
articles and the office code on the desk
of the junior partner, and then told the
other boys. "I'm fired!" When be received
his pay envelope laat Saturday he found
that hla wagea had been raised H. and
the manager aaya that Rule No. baa
never been respected aa now.
The farrklas; Off Place.
In will be Interesting to note bow many
of the rejected Roosevelt policies aro urged
upon congress by Mr. Taft In hla Inaugural
address. Hera will bo an excellent ebanse
to do some checking oft,
rE ASOltAtj HOTEi.
Mr. Taft turned a better trlok with
"possum and persimmon beer as trumps at
Atlanta than if ha had claimed a Oeor-
Mayor Tom Johnson of Cleveland, O., la
moving out - of his mansion on Euclid
avenue this week, Into a top-floor, nine-
room suit In an apartment house. He
keeps one of his motor-cars In commission.
The f&.OOO a year allowano for carriages
for fpakr Cannon, would be In marked
contraet with the bicycle which fifteen
ears ago he used to ride on Pennsylvania
avenue with a cigar cocked In the corner
of his mouth at that.
The heirs of Qoorge Wsshington ara now
ppearng before the claims committee of
congress seeking to recover several thous-
nd acres of land awarded to the Father
of hla Country who, In these matters of
private Interest, aeems to have lacked the
aggressiveness of a Tillman.
Mrs. Estrada Talma, widow of the good
tld Cuban president, la returning to the
old home In Central Valley, N. Y., where
e taught school In his years of exile.
8ha Is quoted as saying that It was the
happiest time of her life. She has a pen
sion of $6,000 a year, with an additional
$600 a year for each of her children.
Clarence E5. Hopkins, the Chicago $1,000
week "ad" writer, Is reported to have
told the Sphinx club: "There can be no
uccesa that Is not built up of red blood on
the vital force and compelling per
sonality of the man behind It." Some time
ago a man In Concord, Mass., without the
fame of an "ad" writer and with an In
come said to have averaged $30 a week,
expressed the aame Idea with a saving ot
sixteen words, or two agate lines, aa fol
lows: "An Institution is the lengthened
shadow of a man."-
LAST YEAR'S OtTPIT OF COAL.
Industrial Depression Evident In Re
New York Tribune.
So intimate Is the relation between the
consumption of fuel and the activity of
manufacturing, transportation and other
mportant industries that a report on the
coal production of the country for 1908 pos
sesses exceptional Interest. Such a state
ment has been prepared by Mr. Edward
W. Tarker of the United States geological
survey, who Is also a special agent of the
census bureau. It shows, as might be ex
pected, a considerable reduction in the
output, compared with that of 1907, but
that the falling off was no greater must,
on the whole, cause surprise.
The yield of anthracite last year In round
numbers waa 72,000,000 short tons, or about
3,000,000 tons less than In 1W7. Most of
the hard coal mined in this country Is
burned In Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New
York and New England. Though more ex
pensive than soft coal, It Is still used on a
rather large scale to generate steam for
power. The demand for It for this pur
pose was ao well austaalned In 190$ that
the production was diminished only 4 per
Of course, soft coal makes a less favor
able showing. Tho output for 1908 is esti
mated at from $20,000,000 to $30,000,000 short
tons. That of the year before amounted to
$3M,76.1U short tons. The difference la not
far from 70,000,000 tons, or about 17 per
cent The change waa chiefly noticeable.
Mr. Parker says, in the regions where coke
Is manufactured, and as coke Is the fa
vorite fuel of the blast furnace man the
lessened demand was largely due to a
diminished production of pig Iron. Still,
the Iron and steel business was not en
tirely responsible for It. A host of fac
tories In western cities have been accus
tomed to rely on soft coal for power. In
the operation of most mines, too, power
Is required for hoisting and crushing ore.
The partial or complete suspension of work
by both of these classes of consumers sen
sibly contributed to the result.
Stilt another cause seems to have ex
erted an Influence In the southwest Oil
and natural gas are so abundant in Texas,
Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri and Arkan
sas that they are steadily displacing solid
fuel there. Most of those states produce
coal also, though It Is of Inferior quality,
but the oil and gas are so much cheaper
that coal mining yields little profit.
A NEBRASKA REFORM.
Freak Legislation Yields a Crop of
A bill Is now pending before the legisla
ture of Nebraska providing for a govern
mental Inspection, once a year, of all the
beds in all the hotels in all the cities of
that atate; and guaranteeing each guest
at a Nebraska Inn clean sheets, a clean
towel and clean pillow slips.
Representative Sink, whose name is In
separably associated with cleanliness (and
with iniquity) Is tha Introducer of the re
form measure. The bill itself Is modeled
after a certain bit of Georgia legislation
which was widely commented on about two
years ago. I
Manlfealy, the need of auch reform waa
a lot greater In Nebraska a year ago than
It la now. To atatesmen all over the coun
try who Journeyed to the now obsolete and
discredited mecca of Lincoln, there Is a
subtle satire In thua locking- the stable
Coor too late. Why should mere commer
cial travelers of tomorrow have protection
that was not afforded to the high lights of
democracy yesterday? That Is a question
that will force Itself on the minds of na
tion savera, one or two, at least, In every
state and In some ot the territories.
And yet, that la a wise saying, "Better
late than never." A state commission for
the inspection of hotel beds will have Its
uses. Patriots will be found In Nebraska
wlo will be ready tc face the guying of
their fellow cltlsens with entire equanim
ity, It the salaries piovided are sufficient.
The average Nebraska taxpayer, a man of
strictly domestic tendencies. Is not wor
ried much about hotel beds. He will con
fine his activities to paying the bills which
the creation of the rcmmlsslon will entail.
The People's Instrument -
Because it's the most satisfying to the
greatest number; modest in price, elegant
in design, lasting in durability, pure in tone and perfect in
touch. . j.
Its popularity is fully proven by the fact that nearly
200,000 Kimball pianos are now in use by both artists and
amateurs and are giving the users the bct batisf action.
The range in styles and prices gives the buyer of Kim
ball pianos the greatest opportunity in satisfying their de
sires to own a thoroughly up-to-date instrument at the min
imum of cost. Furthermore, the very easy terms puts the
Kimball piano within reach of all. As little as $6.00 per
month pays for it. Prices from $235 up owns one.
A. Hospe Co., 1513 Douglas St.
TUB DIRECT rRIMAHY.
Beatrice Express: The primary law needs'
to be run through legislative hopper
and treated to aome Important changes,
an J It Is hoped the law-makers will get
together, regardleca of party, and stw that
measure la put Into more serviceable shape.
Beatrice Express: In order to Justify the
expense of tbe primary, changes must ba
made and the present legislature Is ex
pected to make them. In urging the law's
Improvement the two lata anoseagva expreog
the opinions ot peopla generally over tha
Osceola Record: If tha fusion legislators
docs what It promise to do with tha
primary law and also keeps faith with thoea
whom it has promised that thera shall bi
no county option legislation, the glorious
fulfillment of that campaign slcaran will
bo something to point to with pride, not
won't It 7 "Let tbe peopla rule."
Grand Island Independent: Tha Waeli
Ington atate primary law haa a provision
that no newspaper can accept money for
any political announcement, not Indicated,
aa an advertisement Tha legislature
should have no hesitancy In panel na; a law
preventing exorbitant charges for political
advertising and also prohibiting payment
for editorial support
Falrbury Nawa: In hla meesaga to th
legislature Governor Shailanberaier aaya
that the primary law should either ba
amended or repealed.'' Ha does not dwell
much upon the manner or tha mode ot
tha needed amendment and It la auapeotedi
that the governor would not be averse to
the legislature taking the second horn ot
the dilemma. It Is not likely, 'however,
that the democratic party In this atata will
care to go on record aa opposing tha prl
Norfolk Newa: Governor Shallenberger le
right In his recommendation for a change
In tlie present primary law of Nebraska.
He points out that the primary la very
expensive both to the state and to candi
dates for office, and says that If It Is to
be maintained it should be radically im
proved. The state conventions, framing
platforms, should be held before and not
after the primary haa nominated candidates.
This will, among other things, eliminate;
the spectacle of a candidate for office on
a party ticket lifting himself above tha
party, after the campaign is under way,
and repudiating the platform upon whlcli
he has accepted nomination.
BRIGHT AND BREEZY.
"In your Judgment," asked the caller,
"what is the future of the aeroplane?"
" It'a all up In the air!" aavaKely an
swered the Information editor, who had
made the same response to the queetloit
forty-seven time before. Chicago Tribune.
Novice fisherman (off Florida coast). By
George! I'd like to land a sword fish on
two. What'll I bait with, old man?
Boatman (without a smile). Army worms,
of course. Puck.
"You must take more exercise." said the
"I prefer," answered the supercilious stu
dent, " to develop my literary and conver
"Well, you might go in for pugilism."-
Green Smith nsked me to forget my!
troubles this morning.
Brown What for?
Green He wanted me to listen to hls.-
"So Blinks, they tell me, haa a fine new
carriage. It is some kind ot a chaise,
"Yes, one of them new French kind. Hla
coachman told me It was shay doover."-.
"Please, sir. Is Mr. Ounn employed here?'
"There waa a Ounn here, aonny, but he)
went off yesterday." Ballimora American.
"No," snapped tha sharp-faced woman
at the door, ' "I ain't got no food fur you,
an' I ain't got no old clo'es. Now git!"
"Lady." replied ILarvard Haaben, "I could
repay you well. Give me a square meal
and I'll give you a few lessons In gram
mar." Cathollo Standard and Times.
"Carson's the most absent-minded chap)
I ever saw."
j'What's he been doing now?"
"This morning he thought he'd left his
watch at home and then proceeded to take
It out of his pocket to see if he had timo
to go home and get It." Llpplncott's. ,
"Why do you keep advising me to advo
cate good mnds and forest reeerves?" asked
the obstructive politician.
"Well," answered Farmer Corntosset,
"mebby those things 'ud make It soma
easier fur you when It comes your turn to
take to the wooda" Washington fitar.
WINTER NIGHT SONG.
I. . , .. ' .
Sing me a song of a winter night,
Under the great blue sky;
The stars a-glltter overhead.
The pensive moon on high;
Brooding silent and somber and round
Over tho silent snow,
Shining In lustrous purity
Beneath Its glow. ...
Blue as steel the wintry stryj
Like glittering steel below.
The lake spreads tinder the blinking stars,
Aloof from the line of anow;
In haughty silence withdrawing far
Into the distance dim,
Where the flickering light of a tiny ataff
Marks the horlson rim.
III. ' .
With frost a-sparkle each bush- and tree!
Stirred by tbe cutting blast, .
Each a whispering mystery
Out on the silence vast;
Cvild and keen ara the winds that blow.
Keen and cold aa the stars that gllttari
But warm are tha birds 'neath tha old yew
As they sleepily twitter;
And warm our hearts as we feel tha anew.
Light and crisp 'neath. our eager feet;
Yea, warm our hearts, and our cheek
Life here Is sweet
IV. ' '
Snowbound, frostbovmd, God holds the
Transformed a sparkling gem,
And ye who behold Its beauty
Are drawn opart with Him,
From all the ills of our7 commofrMaca
And dull monotonous round
To the joy and rapture pure and sweet
In His own presence found.
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