Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, January 11, 1909, Page 4, Image 4

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: JANUARY 10, 1909.
Tiro Omaha Daily Bee
Bounded bt edward rosewater.
victor r08etwater. editor.
Entered at Omaha poetofflce a second
class matter.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
taJty Bee (without Sunday), one jrear..$jO0
Daily B e and Sunday, ona year
DELIVERED BT CARRIER.
Pally Bm (nclud.ng Sunday), per weak. .15c
Daily Bee (w.thuut 8umlay, par week..l'c
Svanlng Bee (without Sunday), per week c
Evening Be (with Sunday), per week. .100
Sunday Bee., one year
Saturday Bee, one year
Address all complaints of Irregularities in
delivery to City Circulation department.
office
Omaha The Be Building.
South Omaha Twenty-fourth ana N.
' Ceuncll Bluf fs 1i Scott Street.
Lincoln ait Little Building.
Chicago 1648 Marquette Building.
New York-Ruoma 1101-1102 No. 34 West
Thirty-third Street. ,
Washington 72 Fourteenth 6treet, N. w.
CORRESPONDENCE.
Communication! relating to news and edi
torial matter ahould ba addressed: Oman
Bee. Editorial Department.
, REMITTANCES.
Remit by draft. exprens or postal or,,er
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only -cent stamps received In payment or
mall accounts. Personal check, except on
Omaha or eastern exchanges, not acceptea.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglaa County, "i..
George B. Taaohuck, treasurer Of Tne
Bee Publishing o mpany. being duly sworn,
aaya that the actual number of full ana
complete coatee of The Dally. Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed taring the
Bioat h of December. 1M. waa aa follows:
1 37.T80 17 TTipn
I t7J10 1 ....38.S0O
87,370 1 8g,7a
874)90 10 87.880
37,030 II 3,80
37,340 22 37,010
T 37,840 21 37 ,030
I .37.040 H .T00
3,10 25 83,480
10 3.7t0 21 3M30
XI .,Ht J7 37480
J, 3.e60 2 30,330
If., 37,100 28 40,730
1 34,710 30 48800
; 37,460 31 ,...48,800
14.. 37,170
Total .''WbS.
Lwea unsold and returned copies.. s.aeo
Net total "S'Si
Dally verE
GEORGE B. TZBCHUCK.
Treaaurer.
Subscribed In my presence and iworn to
before ma thla Slat day of December UOS.
ROBERT HUNTER,
Notary Public
WHEN OCT OF TOWN.
Snbacrther leaving! the city tem
lnully heald have Thn Bet
lie to then. Aonreae will
hanged as often aa req.eto.
Found One cold wave.
pleaBe claim it.
Owner
Omaha's policemen and firemen are
again "on the tip-toe of expectancy."
Twenty-nine different men hare
served In President Roosevelt's cabi
net. Can you name themT
Tbf ro should be some law against
allowing that Medicine Hat cold wave
factory to be run overtime.
It is evident that about every woman
in the country has a big hat. Fashion
has Just decreed that the big hat will
soon become obsolete.
A Boston physician says everyone
should swallow a dosen raw eggs each
day. Not until money comes easier
or the hens get busier.
Secret service officials appear to be
as successful In turning up counter
felt congressmen as they are In detect
ing counterfeit currency.
: Having shown what he can do in a
pinch In the way of below-sero tem
perature, the weather man seems dis
posed to rest on his laurels.
The claim is made that the cock
tall Is a North Carolina invention, but
the governor - of 8outh Carolina will
want something: to say about that.
Peking has invited Yuan Sht-Kal to
return home and stand trial on the
charge of having killed the emperor.
Chances are that Yuan will fail to
recognize his queue.
; Mr. Burton was moved to tears
when the legislative caueus chose him
for Benator from Ohio. What Sena
tor Foraker was moved to by the
same act is not stated.
Mr. Taft cm afford to cultivate the
'possum and 'taters vote In an off year,
but In the end he will have to pin his
faith to the buckwheat cakea and san
sage vote of the north.
It cost $150,000 to get the fleet
through the Sues canal, but Uncle
Sam will doubtless remember the in
cident and get even when the Panama
canal opens for business
Up to data Mr. Taft has refused to
appear even Interested In Connectl
cut's complaint that the state has not
been represented in the president's
cabinet for thirty-five years.
The government has spent $16,000
trying to find the truth about the
Brownsville incident and the layman
may have proof of any conviction he
cares to entertain on the subject.
The federal officials removed by
President Roosevelt to clear the track
for a vigorous prosecution of the Ne
braska land fraud cases would do well
to let the public regard It as a closed
incident.
Where there Is much smoke there Is
liable to be some fire. Particularly
applicable to the republican county
commissioner who resents so loudly
the inquiry whether he is tied up with
the democrats.
The senate has finally agreed to the
construction of a $400,000 embassy
house in Paris. The poor fellow who
can afford to keep up an establishment
of that kind may now stand a chance
of being considered when the diplo
matic appointments are being passed
.round.
8 Elf A TUB TILLMAN'S BOVBBOXISM.
Even in the south, where the negro
and his chances of advancement are
rarely seriously considered, protests
are being offered against Senator Till
man's violent denunciation of pro
posed compulsory educational laws in
South Carolina and other southern
states. The pitchfork statesman has
taken op the flag of race prejudice
and Is shaking Its folds to the wind,
declaring that If the negro children
of the south are educated, the result
will be to raise a foe to white su
premacy and the final downfall o( the
nation. He adds that thla Is but a
part of Mr. Taffs plot to buy the
south with federal patronage, educate
th negroes and turn the south over
to them, to be used as a recruiting
station for republican votes and the
lasting overthrow of the democratic
party.
Senator Tillman's argument is not
creditable to the south, no matter in
what light It Is viewed. If he fears
that education of the negro would
make him more aggressive and ef
fective than the white man, then he
admits that the uneducated white man
has an advantage over the uneducated
negro which disappears when both are
educated. The white men of the south
will hardly thank Mr. Tillman for this
left-handed compliment.
The argument that white supremacy
would be threatened by the education
of the negro will hold water no bet
ter. A state or society is in danger
from the Ignorance of the people, not
from their Intelligence. Tennessee and
Kentucky are suffering today, aa dem
onstrated by their experience with
night riders, from the Ignorance of
their people.
Nor will the whites of the south
thank Mr. Tillman for his assertion
that they are of such a low order that
they may be bought to transfer their
political allegiance with a few federal
offices. Senator Tillman is apparently
unmindful of the fact that a better
south is growing every minute, a
south free from many of the preju
dices and false doctrines used In the
past to keep fire-eaters like himself in
the forefront in national affairs. This
new south is learning that the gospel
the Tillman school preaches Is not
only harmful to the nation, but Is par
ticularly harmful to the Bouth. A re
versal of both political and social con
ditions Is certain to come In the south
and one of the good effects of it will
be the eventual shelving of the Tlll
mans, Vardamans, "Jeff" Davlses and
men of their type.
what is a tvll citort
The statistical bureau of the De
partment of Agriculture has issued a
circular of explanation of the terms
used In reporting crop conditions and
estimates that will tickle the average
farmer almost as much as it would for
him to find a new variety of weevil in
his wheat. ,,
Many reports of the department
have been based upon comparisons
with the "full normal" and the bureau
la now explaining what is meant by
the term. To begin with, the circular
states that a "full normal" condition
doeB not indicate a perfect crop, but a
condition above the average, giving
promise of more than average crop.
Furthermore, a "full normal" condi
tion does not Indicate a perfect crop
or a crop that ia or promises to be the
very largest in quantity or the very
best in quality that the particular re
gion may oe considered capable of pro
ducing. The "full normal" indicates
something less than this and thus
comes between the average and the
possible maximum, being greater than
the former and less than the latter.
To be exact, by quoting from the gov
ernment's circular:
Tha full normal may be described as a
condition of perfect healthfulness, unim
paired by drouth, hall, Insects or other in
jurious agency, and with such growth and
development as may reasonably ba looked
for under these favorable conditions. As
stated In tha Instruction to correspondents,
it does not represent a crop of extraordi
nary character, such as may ba produced
here and there by the special effort of
some highly skilled farmer with abundant
means, or such as may be grown on a bit
of land of extraordinary fertility, or even
such ss may be grown quits extensively
once In a doaen years in a aeason that Is
extraordinarily favorable to the crop to be
raised. A full normal crop, In short, is
neither deficient on tha one hand nor ex
traordinarily heavy on the other. While a
full normal condition is but rarely reported
for tha entire corn, wheat, cotton or other
crop area, at the same time, or In the same
year. Its local occurrence ta by no means
uncommon, and whenever it is found to
exist it should be indicated by tha number
109.
Thia makes it perfectly plain. The
farmer who is learned in the law, well
posted in differential calculus and Is
reasonably temperate in his habits will
have no difficulty in figuring out what
"full normal" means when be finds It
in the government crop bulletins.
PROOF OF THE FVVDISO
The proof of the pudding is in the
eating. No one need lack for proof
that the democratic demand for a leg
islative canvass of the vote on the con
stitutional amendments adopted at the
recent election la Nebraska is nothing
but a political play growing out of an
after-thought by disappointed office
seekers.
First and foremost, all the candi
dates for judicial appointments recog
nized the right of Governor Sheldon to
fill the supreme court vacancies by ap
plying to him themselves or through
their friends for favor at his hands.
Even the lone democrat who in print
disputed his authority later solicited
of Governor Sheldon the place relin
quished by the democrat first ap
pointed, who resigned after qualifying
and rendering one day's service.
Second, all the judges district
judges as well aa supreme Judges
have recognized the canvass of the
vote and the oalclal declaration that
the amendment bad been carried by
drawing their pay at the Increased
rate from December 1, assuming that
that declaration made the amend
ments effective.
Third, all the regularly elected su
preme Judges whose titles are beyond
question, and who alone could finally
adjudicate proposed litigation, have
recognized the appointees of Governor
Sheldon by administering to them
their oaths of office, by sitting with
them as a court, by according them
full voice in its deliberations.
Finally, had Governor Sheldon re
sponded to the democratic entreaties
for two of the four Judgeships he was
to distribute the titles of his ap
pointees would never have been ques
tioned by a democratic legislature.
THE FALL OF TUAN SHI KAl.
The deposition and dismissal in
contumely of Yuan Shl-Kal, who by
virtue of peculiar offices may be re
garded as the prime minister of China,
furnishes a conspicuous illustration of
the instability of greatness in China.
It has also created a sensation among
the' diplomats specially charged with
keeping a grasp on Asiatic affairs un
equalled since Bismarck was dismissed
from the chancellorship of the German
empire. These diplomats practically
all agree that the fall of this most
progressive statesman in China endan
gers, the peace of the empire. In
addition to having been forced to flee
from the empire, it Is now promised
the Yuan Shl-Kal will be charged with
having caused the death of the late
emperor of China.
So far as the powers Interested in
Asiatic affairs are concerned, the
death of the emperor and dowager
empress produced less excitement than
the removal of Yuan Shi-Kai, who for
ten years has been recognized as the
real brains of the Chinese government.
It is asserted that the progress made
In China in the last ten yearB has been
due to the sagacity and powerful In
fluence of Yuan Shl-Kal, and when he
was made the right hand man of
Prince Chun, the regent, it was be
lieved that more rapid progress would
be made toward a ranking place in the
family of nations. It appears, how
ever, that the old feud between Prince
Chun and Yuan Shl-Kal, dating back
to 1898, when Yuan as governor of
Shantung decided to restore the em
press to power instead of following
the advice of Chun and the emperor
to have her quietly deported, has
broken out afresh and resulted in the
humiliation of Yuan.
It is too early, of course, to make
predictions as to the result of this up
heaval. Liang Tung-Yen, who has
been appointed to succeed Yuan on
the imperial council, is a progressive
Chinaman of American education and
strongly favors more friendly relations
with the . western powers. Yuan's
successor in other posts of , honor,
however, is Na Tung, recognized as a
political Intriguer ' and violently op
posed to foreigners. Unless his offi
cial wings are clipped, he may be ex
pected to try to destroy the effect of
Yuan's influence for better relations
with other powers and development of
the empire's resources and material
welfare. If Na Tung secures the
power formerly held by Yuan, China
In the hands of the reactionaries will
be found on the trail leading away
from Instead of toward an advanced
civilization.
HIS FIRST CHANCE TO MAKE GOOD.
The appointment of two members
of the Omaha Board of Fire and Po
lice Commissioners to fill vacancies
created by resignations will give Gov
ernor Shallenberger his first chance to
make good.
The governor has said that in mak
ing these appointments he would like
to name men of equally high standing
In the community with those whom
they succeed. If the governor really
means what he has said in this respect
he will have to exercise particularly
good discrimination in choosing among
those recommended to htm by the
leaders of the local democratic fac
tions. In fact, to get men to serve
who stand higher In the business com
munity than the two out-going police
commissioners Robert Cowell and
John L. Kennedy will bo next to an
impossibility, and to get men to serve
who stand as high In publlo esteem
will require the elimination of prac
tically all the candidates who are
pushing themselves in person or
through friends.
Governor Shallenberger, as we have
said, has his first chance to make
good. Will he do it?
Beach Hargls got drunk and shot
up the town of Jacksonville within
twenty-four hours after securing re
lease on bail pending a second trial
for the murder of his father. Bach
Is the real village cut-up and Breathitt
county is apparently proud of him.
If enacted into law, that recommen
dation of Governor Sheldon's for
health certificates as prerequisites to
marriage licenses would either make
money for the doctors or multiply 10
cent fares for the Omaha & Council
Bluffs Street Railway company.
The decision in the New York 80
cent gaa case, which cannot be con
strued except as a great popular vic
tory over corporate monopoly, was
rendered in a suit brought and prose
cuted by William R. Hearst. Give
Mr. Hearst a big credit mark.
A government expert says that the
anthracite coal supply will be ex
hausted in eighty-four years. Most
folks hereabouts are afraid It won't
last until the middle of March.
Yuan Shl-Kal was dismissed ironi
office in China because he has "rheu
matism in the leg," but he showed a
sprinting ability In getting out of the
country that forces suspicion that he
read between the lines In the mandate
of banishment.
Mr. Bryan Insists that the editor of
a newspaper "is not always inde
pendent of those who employ him."
Mr. Bryan ought to know. He was
employed as editor of the World
Herald as part of the deal by which
the silver bulllonatres poured their
money Into that paper In order to con
vert It to the advocacy of 16 to 1 free
coinage.
- The Incoming democratic governor
of Nebraska said not a word In his In
augural message about liquor legisla
tion. That is one of his paramount
issues that figured in the campaign,
where he evidently now thinks silence
is golden.
When It comes to a businesslike
state administration and real legisla
tive reforms the democrats who have
succeeded to the control of Nebraska
will have to go some to equal the re
publican record of the last two years.
"Whoever heard of James Brown
Potter before I made his name
famous," asks Mrs. James Brown Pot
ter. Or, for that matter, who has
heard of James Brown Potter since his
wife made his name famous?
The supreme court of the United
States has decided that no money val
uation can be placed on the "good
will"- of a gas company that refuses
to reduce prices when ordered so to
do by the proper authorities.
When Governor Shallenberger
comes to fill those vacancies on the
Omaha police board we will see
whether the "Jims" or the "Jacks"
have the strongest and longest string
on the eiecutlve office.
John W. Gates is in favor of cutting
the tariff schedules on Iron and steel
by SO per cent It will be remem
bered that Mr. Gates is on the out
side looking In on the steel business
Just now.
"Among other things that Texas
might do this year is to produce 250,
000,000 bushels of corn," says the
Houston Post. Nebraska will produce
that much without halt trying.
Charybdis (jetting Her Dae.
Boston Herald.
It was ever thus wiyt old Charybdis first
celebrated tn Homeric verse and now again
shattered by a subterranean earthquake.
Charybdis was a voracious woman who
stole the oxen of Hercules and wtta hurled
by the thunderbolt of Jupiter Into the sea
where she has been making trouble ever
since.
Select Senatorial Bunch.
Chicago Rocortl-Herald.
It 'is pointed out that, EUhu Root, will,
when ha becomes a senator, go to the
bottom on the committee lists, owing to
the Inflexible rule of seniority which pre
vails tn the most dignified deliberative
body on 'earth. Think of Root falling in
behind such men as Depew, Penrose, Dick,
Bailey and Jeff Davis.
. Selamlc Scientists "in the Air."
Baltimore American
The seismic scientists are no more in
agreement concerning the causes of the
Calabrian earthquake than they have been
with respect to previous rollings and dis
tortions of the earth's surface. There Is
scarcely an earthquake which will square
with all the circumstantial results of any
of the notable quakea of history.
Forestry Laws Stand.
Boston Herald.
It is highly gratifying to find the western
higher courts standing back of the fed
eral laws passed to protect the forests.
The difficulty of meeting new govern
mental duties with suitable laws Is always
felt In the earlier stage! of a reform, and
there are many BelflBh Interests affected
by the forestry laws which will spare no
expense In attack. The oftener the for
estry laws get judicial approval, as by the
Colorado supreme court this week, the
better for the cause.
The financial Magnate.
Brooklyn Life.
A magnate' is a man who is expert at
getting hold of things and never letting
go. It is he that discovered the perpetual
franchise. When conditions are prosperous
and industries are running full tilt, he takes
all the credit and all the prosperity, but
not all the industry. When affairs might
be better he gives us to understand that,
were It not for him, they might be worse.
When affairs are in bad shape he tells us
whose fault It Is, making It very clear that
It Is not hts own. When they get better
again he emerges from the scrimmage on
top of the pile, and explains that the
resuscitation Is due entirely to his Infinite
ability and resourcefulness.
Fairest of All Tears.
Wall Street Journal.
The fairest of all taxes, and probably the
least popular. Is the Income tax. Its Inci
dence can be scientifically distributed so
that It shall not press unduly upon the
shoulders of any particular class. It Is
far superior to our state property tax,
and the collection of It in Kngland has
shown that the possibilities of evading It
are relatively small. Next to the Income
tax. probably the fairest method of col
lecting revenue Is by Import duties, placed
where their burden can be easiest borne
and will be least likely to affect the na
tion's productive rapacity. Taxes upon real
estate values would probably coma next,
and these tend to distribute their burden;
although by no means to the extent of
taxes upon Income or duties upon imports.
Lnelt In tha Flea re Mine.
Buffalo Express.
People who believe In tha mysterious
properties of figures will be Interested In
the declaration of a New York business
man that this will be a proseprous year
for the country because It contains the
figure nine, which has always proved a
good omen In the history of the country.
He cites the business revival of 183S, fol
lowing tha panlo of '87, the discovery of
gold In California In 1849, tha opening of
the Colorado mines In 1869, the revival of
business In IMS, tha era of prosperity whloh
set In In 1879, the boom period of 1&9-93,
and lastly the boom which set In In 1899,
following tha Spanish wax. "It looks as
If history would repeat Itself In 1909," he
concludes. This Is the kind of news the
country likes to hear, and tha figure nine
may be assured that It will be given due
credit If the omen holds good. There la at
least as much justification for prophecy
baoed on lucky numbers as there la for
weather predlcUong baaed on the wishbone
of a goose.
ROl M A DOIT XKW YORK.
Ripples on the Cnrrent of Life In the
Metropolis.
"Humpty" .Jackson, the champion erook
of Manhattan, having a record of 101 ar
rests without seriously Impairing his liberty,
has the hook In good shape thla time, and
students of criminology are watching to
see If he can squirm out. Jackson was
caught with the good on. a portion of
$lou,uuo worth of loot stolen from an express
company. One of the few generous things
he has done led to his undoing. A man
who was described as a "prominent mem
ber of the community" had once got him
out of Jail when he was held for vagrancy.
He has waited for an opportunity to show
his appreciation. Bo when he found In his
loot a beautiful tiger automobile robe he
sent It to the "prominent member." This
man, believing that It was stolen. Informed
the police. The climax quickly followed.
Jackson's 101 st arrest was due partly to
his own meanness as well as his generosity.
James Flynn, who had been arrested on a
charge of larceny, gave Jackson $25 with
which to employ a lawyer. But Jackson
did nothing. He merely kept the money.
Flynn lay In Jail for nine days and heard
nothing from his leader. Then he squealed
and told where some of the stolen goods
were concealed. A determined effort will
ba made to send Jackson to prison for life
under tha habitual criminal act.
Most prosperous physicians In New
York are specialists. Or they become spe
cialists after they are prosperous. That
fact often annoys the man who wants a
doctor In a hurry, as one chap uptown
did tho other day. His wife was 111; they
had Just moved to a new neighborhood,
and his family physician was out df
town. Tha ftrat Doctor he routed out of
bed was an eye and ear specialist, and a
mighty short-tempered one. The aecond
devoted himself to the nose and throat.
The third waa a negro. The fourth
handled only aurglcal cases, and the fifth
was a woman. "Sorry," said the searcher,
"but my wife is peculiar. I'd take you In
a minute but I'm afraid she will not
care to trust a woman physician."
The doctor was probably used to that
talk. She wasn't a bit annoyed, even If
she was holding the open door to the
draf, herself In a kimono and her hair
In curl papers. "That's all right," said
she. "I'll tell you who to get."
But this commended physician wasn't
In. The man returned to his wife, ex
hausted, to see if she felt better before
starting out again. He told her about the
woman doctor. "She seemed so sensible
that I would have told her to visit you,
except that I knew you wouldn't want a
woman to treat you."
His wife reared up in bed. "I've always
wanted st woman doctor," said she, glar
ing. That Christmas stories are not all con
tained in books, relates the New York
Tribune, some of the passengers know
who were on a subway train leaving the
Brooklyn bridge about 6 o'clock on Christ
mas eve. Among those who boarded the
train at Spring street was a working
man, who carried a luncheon uasket In one
hand and In the other and under his arms
paper parcels. He stood on the platform
of the car, and when this had Started he
put one of his parcels on the floor and
reached Into an Inner pocket. Immedi
ately he uttered an exclamation of sur
prise, and it became known that he had
lost his pay envelope. When he left the
train several men who had spoken to him
followed and questioned him after the
train had moved on. Evidently convinced
of hid honesty and the truth of his story,
a little consultation was held, and before
the man ascended the steps be had con
sented to take a neat little sum which
tho strangers, evidently warmed by the
Christmas spirit, had made up to take the
place of the lost envelope.
"I don't know how they manage It," says
a conductor on the Broadway line, quoted
by the Sun, "but whenever there Is an ac
cident Involving the injury of a passenger,
the claim lawyers hear of It about as
quickly as the agents of the company.
"There are dosens of lawyers In the city
who have no other occupation than that
of prosecuting damage suits against the
company, and there must be some free
masonry about the business, for no matter
how hard the company's employes may
try to keep news of an accident from
reaching the public, the lawyers always
hear about it, and very often reach the
Injured party before the agents of the com
pany can get to him.
"I had a friend who not long ago waa
slightly hurt in a collision and being afraid
that 1 his injuries were more serious
than they proved to be, I took a day off
to go and see him. He was hurt early
Wednesday morning. I called on him be
fore 3 o'clock Thursday, and he then
showed me the business cards of twenty
six different lawyers, who had dropped
in to sen what they could do towarda In
ducing him to bring suit against the com
pany. The claim business, however, is not
so prosperous as It was two or three yeara
ago, for the lawyers are all careful to get
written contracts, providing that they shall
receive anywhere from 30 to 60 per cent of
whatever sum Is recovered In the suit, and
besides, they sometimes manage to get in
expense Items of different kinds, so that
even if the suit Is successful, the client's
share is usually very small. The people
are beginning to understand that they have
a better chance of fair treatment by deal
ing directly with the claim agents of the
company than by trusting to the issue of
a lawsuit."
There la to be an afterclap to the flrea
on the New York state reservations that
is of general Interest. The counsel to the
forest, fish and game commission has been
directed by Commissioner James 8. Whip
ple to begin actions against railroad com
panies for setting flrea which resulted in
the destruction of timber and property of
the slate. The theory of the prosecution
will be that there Is no reason why rail
road companies which, through negligence
in caring for the right of way aa pre
scribed by law, have caused fire, should
not pay for the property destroyed the
same as an individual would have to do in
case of trespass or negligently destroyed
property. John K. Wood, the lawyer of
tlie board, telis Mr. Whipple that ha Is
ready to proceed, "but aa it will necessitate
the bringing of a very large number of
actions It will take some time to com
plete the evidence."
Cost of the White Plague.
Philadelphia Kecord.
We took note the other day that a New
York physlcan estimated that he could
eliminate tuberculosis from the city If he
had sixteen million dollars. In tha next
five years, and aome legislation. And now
we have the estlma.te of the State Board
of Charities that tuberculosis alone costs
New. York State J,aOO,0uO every year. That
is about ten times the annual expense of
suppressing It on the basis of the esti
mate for New York City.
Fair Ketnrn for Investors.
Wall Street Journal.
The highest court in the land has now
laid It down that per cent is a fair re
turn for the investor In enterprise, operat
ing a publlo franchise. Aa a slate con
cedes a monopoly. It Is entitled to demand
that It shall cot be operated In aa ex
tortionate manner.
ATLANTA'S B Al KT TO TAFT.
Elaborate Decorations Planned for
the Coming Feast.
Atlanta Constitution.
Nothing In the south before has ever
equaled the decorations planned for th
Taft dinner, to be given on the night of
January IS at tho Auditorium-Armory by
the Atlanta Chamber of -Commerce In
honor of the president-elect. The lobby
of the Auditorium will be a mass of forns.
palms, potted plants, flans and a myriad
of electrio lights. But this will be only
tho prelude.
The grand symphony of color will be seen
In the dining room. Behind th speakers'
table, which Is to be about' seventy feet
long, and which will be placed against
the wall, there will bo festooned a gigantic
I'nlted States flag, made tip of ferns,
flowers and electric lights. The stars In
the fjag will be made of white electric
lights and the other colors furnished In
the same way, while the whole will be
artistically blended with the choicest of
hot house flowers. The lights will so rise
and fall aa to give the appearance that
the flag Is waving.
At a given signal what Appears to be a
part of this waving Hag will drop and
there will be exposed to the diners, facing
the speakers' table, a picture of Mr. Taft
done In lights and flowera. This will be
the background. The aame Idea of the
flag will be carried out In the speakers'
table and the guest table.
The guest table will be the base of the
(lag on which the lights will be so ar
ranged as to form tha stars and back
ground. Loading away from It at right
angles will be nine tables, with their white
napery making the white stripes and row
after row of American Beauty roses form
ing the red and completing the floral pic
ture of the Stars and Stripes.
At the dinner Judas Taft Is to be nre.
sented with a handsome menu card, a
souvenir of his visit. The menu card,
which was especially designed. Is now
being engraved In colors. It contains the
United States flags, on one of which Is the
seal of the state of Ohio, and the other
Georgia. Between them Is the United
States shield, and on this Is the seal of
Atlanta. Inside there will be a steel en
graving of Mr. Taft, the various guests,
the toast list and the menu.
This menu card Is to be bound In rich
leather, and on its outside will be a soUd
gold plate, on which will be engraved Mr.
Taft'a name, the date of the dinner and
some other lines yet to be suggested. This
will be placed In a brass case, with handle
attached, and presented to the guest of
honor.
CHOP OF YELLOW METAL.
Increase In the Output of the Mines
of the World.
Baltimore American.
During three years consecutively there
nas annually been added to the world's
wealth In the yellow metal an
$400,000,000, or more than $1,200,000,000
for tho last three years. The mines and
placer sands of the world produced more
gold last year than during the previous
year or during any past year of which
thero Is record. In a preliminary esti
mate just given out by the director of the
mint the gold yield of the world for 1S08
Is placed at $427,000,000, as compared
with $410,655,000 for last year. The
African mines show a steady Increase In
the output of the precious metal year
after year. The total product from the
dark continent last year was $165,000,000,
which is far In excess of the amount
yielded during any one year preceding the
Boer war.
The United States, Including Alaska,
ranks second In the value of Its gold
yield during the last year, the total
product of this country possessing a value
of $96,800,000, as compared with $90,435,
000 during 1907 and $94,873,000 for 1906.
Colorado was the chief gold producing
state last year, tha relative proportions
measured In coinage values of the four
leading gold areas being, Colorado, $22,
$11,174; Alaska, $20,930,784; California,
$19,581,570, and Nevada. $12,090,218. There
was a notable decrease In the production
of silver In the United States last year and
a decline In the commercial value of sliver
bullion which was even more notable. The
value of the silver yield dropped from $37,
000,000 for 1907 to about $27,000,000 for the
last year the price having declined from 66
cents to 53 cents per ounce.
The coined gold that enters Into the mon
etary circulation of the leading countries
now exceeds $6,000,000,OCO in value. Fully
one-half of the gold mined annually. It is
estimated, goes Into money, snd If only the
rate of output of the last year is preserved
during the next ten years there will during
that time be added more than $1,000,000,000
to the gold circulation. There is little dan
ger, however, of an unhealthy monetary
expansion from the gold incresse, because
of the fact that the business enterprises of
the world arc expanding at an even more
rapid ratio, than tho money metal. Besides,
there is scarcely a civilised country that Is
not carrying a largo paper money Issue
based upon national credit, which could be
retired If tho gold stock warranted the re
tirement. WHAT THE COURT SETTLER.
Points Settled tn the Ktw York 80
Cent flns Case.
Philadelphia Press.
No decision In years has settled as much
on public service corporations as the New
York 80-cent gas case. None will be so
often cited.
Actual value Is made the bssls upon
which tlie capital of a railroad must be
estimated. The mere presence of "water"
In shares does not count. The franchise
Is a part of the actual value. This In
creases In value with time and use. The
earning on this value must be 6 per cent.
This gives a publlo service corporation
fair protection, but, on the other hand.
It cannot refuse a rate until It has tried
It. Tha state oan fix the rate. It can de
cide the charge to the public. Once en
acted, the charge must be accepted until
experience shows It does not earn 6 par
cent on actual value.
This practically limits the total return
of a public service corporation, if a state
exercises Its powers, to 6 per cent on the
actual value of the properly, considered
aa a going concern, realty, equipment and
franchise being considered and fairly esti
mated. If more than 6 per cent is being earned
on a fair valuation of these three factors,
rates can come down. If less, rate must
go up.
The broad public of consumers will, we
believe, accept th1 as fair for both end
of the bargain.
Farewel to a Partlns; Host.
New York Sun.
It is beautiful to see the graces and
amenities preserved In spite of difficulties.
The prisoners in the county Jail at Milwau
kee have "presented resolutions to Ben
Johnson, the retiring jailer," thanking him
for his trestment of them "during his re
gime." The maker of the "address of
presentation" Is under indictment for mur
der, "a boy who beat a grocery collector
to death in a wagon during a storm," but
a tender heart and sympathetic disposition.
"We wish to thank you for the little acts
that made us forget for an Instant that we
were In jail," the regretful guests say to
the parting host. Little courtesies Ilk
these light up the dungeon cell and foretell
perhaps the roseate day when even th
penitentiary shall be co-operative.
"VISITATION OF PROVIDENCE."
Abanrdlty of Attributing Evil
- il.
Baltimore Sun.
Men speak of tho earthquake in Italy! b
which multitudes perithed, ss "a visitation
of Providence." If any calamity happen
It Is a visitation of Providence or "tho act
of God." Men are very quick to attrlbuti
evil to God, but to claim the credit of thai
which Is good to themselves. If the coun
try Is prosperous It Is the result of th
tariff, the wisdom of the lawmakers or tht
energy and enterprise of the people. W
never talk of prosperity as a "visitation ol
Providence." But If evil befall the land.
If there Is war, pestilence or famine or
death and destruction In casualties, then It
Is a "visitation of Providence,"
Mr. John Wanamaker, the Philadelphia
merchant, undertook to convince the Young
Men's Christian association that the terri
ble earthquake In Italy was "a visitation
of the Almighty for disregarding the law of
Mount Sinai." Among those who died In
that dreadful calamity were thousands of
infants, who did not know their right hands
from the left and had never heard of the
law of Sinai. Did God visit death upon
these for the sin of the others? "And Jesus
answering said unto them. Suppose ye that
these Galileans were sinners above all the
Galileans because they suffered such things?
I tell you. nay or those eighteen
upon whom the tower In Slloam tell and
slew them think ye that they were alnners
above atl men that dwelt In, Jerusalem T I
tell you, nay." That was a distinctly dif
ferent doctrine from that which Is taught
by Mr. Wanamaker. Of the twelve Apostles
only one died a natural death, and he died
after a life which was a living death. All
the rest were done to death in tha most
cruel manner. Wan that a visitation of the
Almighty because they had disregarded the
law cf Mount Sinai? In the early days of
Christianity thousands upon thousands of
devoted Christians were tortured and had
trial of cruel mocking and scourging,
were stoned and sawn asunder or were
thrown to the lions and torn to pieces while
the pagans looked on In security and en
joyment. Does Mr. Wanamaker believe that
all these things happened to those devoted
people because they had disregarded the
law of Pinal? "Thero comes a time when
Ood's patience Is exhausted," saya Mr.
Wanamaker. Who Is he to put limitations
upon God's patience when we are told that
His mercy Is everlasting? The truth la that
the occurrence of such calamities aa that
which has befallen Italy is a mystery. No
human mind can fathom the purposes of
the Inscrutable Providence no finite mind
can measure or comprehend the infinite.
When these things come upon mankind
there 13 nothing to do but to accept them
with submission and in the belief that all
things work together for good.
PERSONAL NOTES.
Richard Croker lias begun his residence at
West Palm Beach. Fla., In a house fronting
tho ocean. He says he expects to remain
for the winter."
Miss Helen G. McDermott quit teaching
to take a place in the business office ot
the Worcester Post, and now she has been
appointed Worcester's police clerk.
Young Hargls, the Kentucky parricide,
was out of Jail twenty-four hours before
necessity arose for putting him In again.
Perhaps there Is some good In the boy after
all.
Rudolph Franksen, the new consul gen
eral of Germany In New York, haa arrived
In that city. He is one of the prominent
younger members of the German diplomatic
service and Is married to an American
woman. ...,.,.. . . ,.
In order to learn the "business," ( E. II.
Brewster, millionaire clubman ot Los An
geles and a business associate ot Charles
M. Schwab, has assumed the position ot
ticket seller at the Belasco theater. In a
few weeks he will take a position as stage
hand, and later still he may Induce the
manager of the theater to give hint a Job
as secretary.
Barney Iteynolds, one of the oldest com
edians in tlie country, was found dead in
bed at a Cleveland hotel. Iteynolds had
spent most of hia seventy years on the
stage, and was the creator of the Dutch
comedian part. He began his theatrical
career at 16 as a circus acrobat, and later
played In everything from vaudeville to
Shukespeare. At one time be owned a the
ater In Milwaukee. v
PASSING PLEASANTRIES.
"The lobster will be extinct In twenty-five
yearB."
csn lie won i; ne 11 juvi uve muvcu uum
the green room to tho bald-headed row."
Houston Post.
"Did that elderly bride's brother give her
away?"
"No; he didn't have to. Her dearest
friends had attended to all that." Balti
more American.
"I am rather sorry leap year Is no more,"
said tlie ellKible bachelor.
"Why?" inquired his friend.
"Because," replied the smiling egotist,
"I enjoyed the pleasures ot the chase,"
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"So you do not approve of my style ol
speechmaklng7" said the youthful states
man. ..vi. ,, . .. . U ..... n aAViim "ri.
speeches are not short enough to no epi
grammatic, nor long enough to be depended
on for time-killing hi an emergency."
Washington mar.
"What's tlie matter. Mr. Gllday? You
appear anmed."
1 am. JJo you see mat lusay mue man
by the supper room dooi ?"
Yes."
'He's a blatant old humbug."
'Yes. that's papa." Cleveland Tlala
Dealer.
'Senator, you surely will vote for this
measure?"
"Why should If
"It's fur the benefit of posterity.
"Posterity may no hang;! 1 know al-
rHiv what nosterity will say aliout me.
and I'm going to get even with it before
hand. I shall vote against tne diu just to
spite posterity." Chicago Tribune.
"Was that story you printed a humorous
effort?"
'It was," rejoined tne autnor witn oig-
nlty.
'It tlldn t make anybody- laugh." f
'Well, it nas a rood Joke on the editor
who accepted It." Chisago Record-Herald.
'I am all around tired," sighed th weary
to wheel.
'And I am worn out." moaned the shabby
cloHk, sinking on the seat.
'I'm lunt ulaved out. comDlalned tha
tooting horn.
"That's nothing. I have that all-gone,
empty feeling." said the gasoline tank.
But Just tiien all were put Into the gar
age and shut hp. Baltimore American.
CHARGE OP THE FAIR BRIGADE
Myrtle Conger in Judge.
Half a step, half a step.
Hair a step onward!
Over there the bargains lie
On tlie counters plied so high,
l uring the unnumbered.
K.irward the fair brigade!
"Charge through tho aisles!" they cry.
(Three know what they want to buy
Anxious unnumbered';
Bargains to rlht of (rem;
Itarnains to l't of them;
Bargains In front of tin in,
There to be plundered.
Storm they with right go d will;
Boldly they puh and well,
Into tlie Jaws of death,
Where the best bargali.s sell,
Push the unnumbered!
When will their courage fade? . .
Oh, tlie wild charge they made!
All the men Wondered,
Yet "hon red" all the charges made '
As oft before tiiey'd paid
I-or their wivea' plunder.
Forward th fair brlgadel
Uappy unnumbeiedl . ,