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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1908)
The Omaha-; Daily Bee,
OMAHA, THURSDAY MOUSING, ECEMBEtt 31, 1008 TEN PAGES.
VOL. XXX VIII NO. 1G7.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
jds ol i l
Exhibit at Poultry Showv
of Promoters' Expectata
TmETY-rrvE hundred s.
New Classes Created to Accommodate
the Many Exhibitors.
SOME AWARDS ARE BEING MADE
3eneral Manderson Among Those Who
CHILDREN MUCH IN EVIDENCE
Take as Mnoh Interest la the Illsk
Ured Fowl and Don mm Their
KldersSonae Finn Sport
- la a- Dos.
Three thousand, five hundred fowls are
now on exhibition at the Poultry show.
This is 600 more than the directors antici
pated. The fact of the large patronage
given the enow by exhibitors and specta
tors places this show on a parity with the
blf annual events of Omaha and encourages
the management to greater effort next
time. Many of the higher classes of birds
have been filled and new clusse have been
created to accommodate other high-grade
Following are some of the awards made
Buff Wyandottes-J. A. Pease. Port
Podge, la., f Iret pen, second cock; first
hen. second cockerel, first pullet, fourth
and fifth pullet. . . tMrA
H. B Iay, Fremont Second and third
and fifth pen. third cock, fourth cock, sec
ond hen. third hen. first cockerel, third
cockerel, fourth hen, second pullet, third
J. W. Bartholomew, Tennant, la. Fourth
'"Henry Hess, Winona, Minn. First cock,
D. B. Frailer, Omaha Fifth cockerel.
Some of the exhibitors.
Ave Bros, of Blair, are among the larg
L-st exhibitors of Barred Plymouth Rock
fowls. This firm la making a shipment of
cm and Reld's Yellow Dent corn to Mcx
ieo, through Zcfcrlno Domlngues, agent for
the Mexican Experiment station.
J. A. Pease of Ft. Dodge. Ia., Is making
a Urge exhibit of Buff and Columbia
Wyandottes. Mr. Pease Is president of the
Iowa Poultry association, and has entered
the shows in Bloux City and Chicago. He
Dronounced the TransmlaslsslppI Poultry
show faf and away ahead of either Chlcagj
or Bloux City.
"Especially. 1 the Wyandotte display here
fine." he said. .
The youngest exhibitor of poultry Is
Deforrest Osy of Essex, la. He la s..owing
several coops of beautiful Uoudons. Young
Gar la 13 years of age.
J. M. Maher of Fremont, who originated
the White Langshans and Smoke Ball
duck is among the exhibitors. Mr. Maher is
eat of the best known breeders in the state.
Oenersl Oiarle- .Ms"derson xhJb
Hlng some ailver laced Wyandottes In
which ,h takes great pride. Three years
mo a soldier of General . Manderson's old
regiment sent, him a cage of these fine
birds and they were so pretty that uen-
eral Manderion was at once Interested
and baa looked after his birds until he
now has quite a number of birds.
Bert Dixon has a beautiful pointer on
exhibition. ' He Is called simply James,
and Mr. Dixon had him sent from his
ranch In Oklahoma especially for the show,
James Is a blg, powerful pointer, and is
The smallest dog at the kennel show Is
a diminutive lap dog belonging to A. D,
Brandels which Emit Brandots brought
from Egypt. The dog goes by the ordinary
name of "Puppy" and weighs but four
and three-quarter pounds.
Conrad Young Is showing his champion
"Young Vic" a big, strong pointer, a son
of Champion Young's Rip Rap, who la a
descendant of some of the leading English
dogs. Mr. Young's dog is broke for field
work and Is entered In some of the big
field trial events or the country.
Days for Children.
Tuesday and Wednesday were children's
days at the show and large numbers
availed themselves of this opportunity to
learn of chicken and fowl culture. One of
the most Interesting exhibits to the young
folks is that of the George II. Lee com
pany, which has chickens batching In the
Incubators. These began to hatch Wednes
day morning and later in the week will be
used to demonstrate the brooders which
this firm manufactures.
go successful has been the experiment of
adding the exhibit of the Nebraska Ken
nel club to the show that the directors are
already planning to expand next year and
offer special Inducements for cats and
pigeons. Liberal purses will be hung up
for these side lights and It la hoped thereby
to secure a large number of exhibitors and
thus add to the attractiveness of the show.
Many beautiful cats are now shown, but
these tame as post entries and no special
provisions were made for them. Next
fear they will be made one of the features
t the show.
rKASB B(A9T THE OMAHA SHOW
Winner mt Thro First Predicts Blgr
Fntar for It.
J. A. Fease, winner of three firsts In the
Buff Wyandottes class resides at Fort
Dodge, la., end is president of the Iowa
Stat Pountry show which will be held at
Fairfield, !.. January 11. IS, 13. It and IS.
Mr. Psase has secured a large number of
the exhibitors at the Transmlsslsslppl show
to also take their birds to the Iowa show.
"This Omaha show far surpasses any
thing ever held in th west and It will
grow larger every year," said Mr. Pease.
' W have a splendid show, but only about
1.500 birds against the S.500 which are now
on exhibition in Omaha. The classes are
large in number and are well filled and
the competition Is moat keen."
UOU COMES FROM DOWX gOCTH
fixity's Captain Unities
W. A. Pixley received a wire that his
famous dog. Captain, was on th road from
MUmlstippI to be shown at the Knn I
how la connection with th poultry show.
Captain has been south In ths hands of
Trainer Jones and Is entered in th big
fU-ld trial events of th esst. Death In the
family of Mr. Jines baa made a change of
plana for Mr. Pixley and he wired Monday
for Captain to be sent north that he may
be shown at th Omaha show. In response
to several requests from dog lovers In th
state for an exhibition of the field work
of some If his dugs. Mr. Pixley has con
sented to giv an exhibition later In th
..UMMARY OF HIE BEE
Thursday, Deer m be r 31, 100.
i90S rDremum- 1908
7X W 7721 nta imf Tft- ST
1 2 3 4o5
Gr Z 8 9 10 11 12
IS 14 15 16 1Z 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
2Z 28 29 SO 61
FOR OMAHA. COUNCIL. BL,lTFF8 AND
VICINITY Fair Thursday; continued cold
FOK NEBRASKA-Fa r and colder, wltn
cold wave In east portion; Thursday fair
witn rising temperature.
rDR iowa f air, ana corner in ensi
Temnernture at omana yestcraay:
President Stlllman is about to retire
from the position he holds in the National
City bank. Pag 1
The newspaper transportation cane may
soon be taken up in the United States su
preme court. Page 1
The Halns case was adjourned over yes
terday because of the Illness of one of
the lawyers for the defense. Fags a
Thirty-eight men will die from the ex
plosion In the Lick mine in West Vir
ginia, 'are 1
The senatorial fight in Ohio has grown
warm and an open rupture exists be
tween the forces of Charles P. Taft and
Congressman Burton. Page 8
A fierce snowstorm rages In Canada and
Minnesota with xero temperature. Page 1
Missouri democrats are beginning to
fear that 'the result of contests in the
legislature will seat enough republicans
to elect a senator. Page 9
Princess .Helle De Sagan has been al
lowed possession of her children by the
decision of the French court. Page a
Negotiations are about to begin between
the United States and Venezuela.
The death list in the earthquake In
southern Italy may reach 160,000 people,
with a loss of thlrty-f Ive cities In Cal
abria alone. Scene of lndoscribable hor
ror are witnessed by the relief workers,
who are so few that hundreds perish pin
ioned under fallen walls. . Page 1
Peru Plow company decides ;to. move
from Council Bluffs to Omaha.' Pag 10
Street railway company to 4ulld Its new
car -barns early In the spring. Pag T
Omaha Italians will raise money to aid
their stricken countrymen. Par 1
Restriction against tn-flghting Is to be
Imposed on contests. In Sydney hereafter
because of the brutality of the Johnson-
Burns mill. '"' '
COMMXBOIAXi AX XXTBUITBIAX.
Live stock markets. ag 7
Grain markets. ag 7
Stocks and bonds. ag7
MOYSMZCTS Ol- OCXAJf STXAKgXXrS.
Port. ArrlTea. Rllptt.
NEW YORK California KoUardam.
OUA8QOW Columbia a
BUCHANAN - WELL RECEIVED
Nearotlatlona With Veneiaela Are
Abont to BearlnCastro Burned
CARACAS, Venezuela. Dec. 29.-Vla Wll
lemstad, Curacao, Dec. SO. W. I. Buchanan,
the special commissioner of the American
government to the government of Vene
suela, arrived In Caracas today from La
dualra. He was given a cordial reception
by the officials of the new government. It
has been decided to begin at once a series
of conferences on the question of re-establishment
of diplomatic relations between
the United States and Venesuela and for
mulation of a basis for settlement of all
The students of Caracas today paraded
through the city. Carrying a large doll
dressed to represent former President
Castro. They were followed by a hooting
and shouting crowd. The effigy wss finally
burned In the Plasa Bolivar.
WILLEMSTAD, Curacao. Deo. SO.-It Is
reported here from Porto Cabello that
General Mariano Garcia, governor of the
Venexuelan state of Falco, declined to
recognise Guan Vicente Gomes as president
of the republic. He was at once thrown
STEPS TAKEN FOR RELIEF
Pop Pins Aathorlse General Collec
tion In Chlcwsio Diocese for
CHICAGO, Dec. 80. The work of provid
ing Chicago's share of rollef to the earth
quake sufferers went forward with a bound
tiday. Anhblshop Qulgley expected a
cablegram from the pope permitting him to
order a general collection throughout, his
archdiocese next Sunday for the benefit of
destitute S'cillans. Orsnn Smith. IllinoU
treasurer of the Red Cross society, r ported
a flood of letters containing contributions;
Italian societies In Chicago and vicinity
continued the gathering cf funds and sev
eral newspapers stmounced that they would
Among th Chicagoans believed to be, or
have been. In the danger sone are the fol
lowing: Mr. and Mrs. O. Fixer. Paul Barber, Dr.
Charles A. Logan, Mlas Magdalena Hernley,
T. A. Griffin and Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Baur,
who were on their honeymoon trip. Mrs.
Baur before her recent marriage was M.ia
Bertha Duppler, secretary to Postmaster
Campbell and said to have been th highest
salar ed woman In the government employ.
SNOW AND COLD IN NORTH
Fie re Stoma, Aeeonapaaled by Drop
to lero, Hapaonlnar la
FERGUS FALLS. Minn., Deo. 30.-AIlerce
snowstorm Is raging her today. Th
mercury I down to aero and going lower
WINNIPEG, Man., Doc SO. -A severe
blis sard Is raying all over western Canada
dL I m''.'."'.'.'.'..'....
I c i?m : ni
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'jMJf. I ft mi:::::::::::::
FIRST HOMESTEADER DEAD
Daniel Freeman Passes Away at His
Home in Beatrice.
HAS BEEN ' SICK OVER YEAR
Still Owns the Land, Seven Miles from
Beatrice, Taken I'p by II Ira, and
Which Is Covered by llorae
' stead Certificate No. 1.
BEATRICE. Neb.. Dec. 30. (Bpeclal Tele
gram.) Daniel Freeman, the first home
steader In the United States, dlod at his
borne In this city this evening.
Daniel Freeman, th first homesteader
In the United Slates, was born In Prebelo
county, O.. April 28. 124. When 10 years of
age he removed with his parents to 1 1 11
nols, where he grew to manhood. He was
married In Illinois to Mis. Elisabeth Mil
ler, a native of Ohio, who died In Rock
Island. III., In 1S61, leaving three children.
Mr. Freeman was married a second timo
to Miss Agnes Suiter of Scott county, la.,
February S, 1863. who, with nine children,
Mr. and Mrs. Freeman located In Gage
county nearly half a century ago, making
the first filing under the homestead law.
The farm Is located about s?ven miles
northwest of Beatrice on Cub creek. In an
early day Mr. Freeman took an active
part In the upbuilding of Beatrice and sur
rounding country, and always seemed to
take considerable satisfaction In knowing
that as the first homesteader he lived and
prospered in Gage county.
For years he was active In politics, and
has always been a supporter of W. J.
Bryan. Of late years falling health has
forced him to retire from active business
During the last few winters Mr. Free
man has been located at Searcy, Ark.,
leaving Beatrice in the early fall and re
turning In the spring. A year ago he suf
fered a severe spell of sickness at Searcy,
and was removed to his home near this
Mr. Freeman has long been a leading
member of the Old Settlers' association of
Gage county, and also of the Nebraska
State Historical society. During the golden
anniversary celebration held here last fall
he was one of the leading features and
appeared In the parade with a float repre
senting the log cabin built by him on the
Mr. Freeman, who was a soldier In the
civil war, was In Nebraska on a furlough
when th homestead law became operative
and filed on the Gage county land. His
homestead certificate Is marked No. 1,
and has always been one of his proudest
GOLD COIN SENT TO DENVER
Two II a ad red and' Twenty-Five Mil
lions Tnken from Paeldo Coast
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 80,-rAccordlng
to a story printed in this morning's Exami
ner. 1222,600,00 In gold coin has bcro ship
ped from the local mint to the mint at
penver since last August. X'Js) said '..that
the shipment was made as a measure of
precaution against a possible Invasion of
the Pacific, coast hv a. hostile dovpt. The
,,pment of the treasure, was In charge of
! lTnltd Rtatns Marnhal' E.lliitt ajmlxt.d htf
a number of Wells Fargo special messen
WASHINGTON, Dec. 30. Moving $225,500,-
COO in gold coin a distance of more than
1,000 miles without accident or without loss
of a dollar Is the feat Just successfully ac
complished by the Treasury department of
the United States "under the supervision of
the director of the mint.
Owing to the fact that all the principal
vaults of the San Francisco mint had be
come filled with gold coin and the basement
and other less secure vaults of the mint
had to be used to store this add'tional ac
cumulation of gold it was deemed desirable
to move this amount to the new modern
vaults of the Denver mint, which are the
largest and most secure of any In the
United States. Secretary Corlelyou. .there
fore, ordered Its transfer. The movement
of the coin was begun August 15 and was
completed December 19.
NEWSPAPER CASE UP SOON
Publishers May Have Early Decision
on the Newspaper Trans
WASHINGTON, Dec. SO. Whether news
paper and magazine publishers may legally
accept transportation over the railroads In
return for advertising, probably will soon
be decided by the supreme court of tho
I'ntted States. The Chicago, IndlanapolU
A Louisville Railway company, generally
known as the Monon route, has brought
to that court a case involving this ques
tion, and It Is probable that the court will
find In it a subject of such general Im
portance as to Justify it In advancing the
The ault originally was Instituted by the
government in the United States circuit
court for the northern district of Illinois.
That court held that such a transaction
would In all probability result In dis
crimination and therefore decided against
If th case should be advanced tt will be
possible to hear and . decide It bef or the
final adjournment Friday of the present
term of the court.
WESTERN MATTERS AT CAPITAL
A amber of Minor Appointments An
no need In tho Depart
ments. (From a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. Dec. 30. (Special Tele
gram.) On recommendation of Congress
man Conner, Dr. Charles Enfield has been
reappointed pension examining surgeon at
L. C. Waller of Dubuque, Ia., has been
appointed dork In th War department and
located In Texas.
George Thompson has been appointed
postmaater at Olaf, Wright county, Iowa,
vice, T. H. Benson, resigned.
STILLMAN ABOUT .TO RETIRE
Head of National City Bank Said to
Bo on Point of Yleldlna
NEW YORK. Dec JO. -At th annual
meetng of the stockholder of th National
City bank of this city en January U It Is
expected : that James Stlllman will retire
from the office of president and will be
elected chairman of th board of directors.
It is expected that Frank A. Vanderllp. now
vice president, will be elected president.
The National City bank has deposits of
more than S2O0.9O0.S00 and capjtal stock of
DEATHS MAY REACH
OMAHA ITALIANS WILL AID
Distressed at Calamity, They Plan to
Join in Relief.
MOST FROM STRICKEN DISTRICT
Grief and Anxiety t Pathetic Anton
the Local Peonie and They
Grab for Nrwi of tho
Omaha Italians wilt Hold a mass meeting
to raise funds for their stricken fellow
countrymen and relatives In Italy and
Th unparalleled disaster which has be
fallen the heel of Italy end the adjacent
Island has thrown local Italians Into an
anxiety and anguish hlch can be easily
understood because of She 1,000 or 4,000 who
live in Omaha nearly fell are Sicilians or
Calabrlans. Mothers land brothers and
even in some cases Wives and affianced
sweethearts live or old live In the af
flicted provinces. , Accordingly, although
the Immediate concern Is now of the fate
of their relatives, yet steps are being taken
to raise funds here for' the relief of those
who have survived th appalling catas
trophe. The mass meeting, the date of which has
not been settled, but which will be some
time this week, Is bolng projected by
Joseph Seeto, Tonl Venuto of the Italian
consular agency, Sebastian Salerno and L.
J. Plattl. Some prominent residents other
than Italians, will also be asked to speak
at the meeting.
A preliminary meeting was held at Joe
Calabria's saloon Tuesday night, and tt was
determined to co-operate with other
Local telegraph offices have been be-
From the New York World.
sieged all day with Italians asking If cables
have come for them and themselves send
ing messages of Inquiry to their former
homes. Their anxiety Is paralleled only
by the days following the San Francisco
disaster, when hundreds of Omaha resi
dents were worried about the fate of rel
atives or friends In California. Only In
this present rase the greater distance and
and the fact that this Is still a strange
country to many of the Omaha Italiaus
makes their uncertainty all the greater
and their angulah the more keen.
Pathetic Effort to Read.
Many have bought American newspapers
who are hardly able to read English, and
their attempts to decipher the strange
prints border on the pathetic. Hundreds
of others have sought out men of their
nationality whom they look up to and
have begged them to tell them something.
The situation is, in fact, as bad as when
the wive and daughters of miners confined
In a shaft or mine tunnel after a dlaaater,
assemble at the surface and wait long
hours for news of the imprisoned.
"My brother lives In Messina," cried
Grarla Failla as he fairly burst in the door
of Sebastian Salerno's office on Tenth
street Wednesday morning. "You telegraph
at oace for me, please, and find out If he
is alive yet." Failla was only one of many
who called on Salerno, Venuto or Plattl on
a similar mission.
Mr. Salerno himself returned only a few
weeks ago from a pleasure trip through the
strkken provinces. 'The whole country
was smiling then," said he, "and the oon
traat now must be awful to look upon. The
papers continue to report larger and larger
lossea of life and the disaster become al
most too awful to cont.-mplit even at this
distance, and think what it must be like to
those at hand."
Sa'.erno came himself from Pa'ermo and
beliovea that his cousins there are prob
"The end of th world Is coming sure,"
said Raffaelo Bonnet, a little Italian news
boy, at L'nlon station Wednesday morning.
"He start In Italy and end In New York."
Th boy, who spoke In childish earnestness,
has evidently anglicised his surname.
Plead e for th News.
An Italian of the laboring class waiting
for a train at the station, spying a news
paper In the pocket of a fellow traveler's
I 1 h
(Continued on Pag Two)
King Tlctor and Qneea Keleaa of
Italy arrived at Messina today and
fonad what was said to b th moat
Indescribable disaster la the mem
ory of living nil. Th oondltlon
resulting- from so many dead bodies
war such that th qneen faltered,
but mustered up ooarag and re
mained at th king's side. Tea
thousand oldlra will be needed
to bury th dead. Th city of Beg
glo 1 praotloally obliterated, a por
tion having sunk below th sbor
line and being covered by th sea.
Th loss of life, It Is estimated,
may reach th total of 1SO.OOO.
It 1 reported that th shook oaussd
the wreck of eltl on th As Hon
Islands, near molly, having a popu
lation of 10,000. Bobber have been
utilising th terror of th populao
to loot th possession of th dead.
Th Bank of Italy believes It ha
sustained a loss of fa, 000,000 in
this way at Messina.
"ALL INHABITANTS ARE DEAD"
This 1 Report Received of Fate of
Town of Ten Thon
CANTAZARO, Calabria, Dec. 30.-A re
port received here early this morning says
that the town of Ragnarn, on the coast to
the north of Regglo, has been completely
wiped out, fire finishing the work of de
struction. Th report says that "all In
habitants of Bagnara are dead." The town
counted about 10.000 people. In a few days
lime will be scattered over the heap of
ruins which alone mark the site of a once
THE NEW MEMBER.
Place. Year. XUves Lost.
Oataala, kUolly 1137 15,000
Syria 1158 80,000
cuioia iaea eo.ooo
Naples 145S 4O400
Lisbon 1631 30,000
Bapie iea 70.000
Bagus 1667 0,000
Bohamakl 1673 80,000
Port Boy el, Jamaica .. 1693 3,000
Sicily 1693 100,000
Aouila, Italy 1703 6,000
Jeddo (Toklo) 1703 800,000
brusxi, Italy 1706 16,009
Algiers 1710 80,000
Palermo 1786 6,000
China 1731 100,000
Maple 1733 1,800
Idma aad CaUao 1746 18.000
Orand Cairo 1764 40,000
Xasohan, Persia 1755 40,000
Lisbon 1756 60,000
Pes, Moroooo 1758 18,000
yria 1768 80,000
Saartlnlco 1767 1,800
Taurts 1780 45,000
Calabria 1783 86,000
Bolivia 1787 40,000
Baples 1806 6,000
Kutch, Zed la , 1816 8,000
Aleppo 1883 80,000
Murcla, Spain 1838 8,000
Canton, China 1830 0,000
Calabria 1838 1,000
Martinique 1839 700
Cap Kaytlen, B. Bo'go.1648 6,000
Polnt-a-Pitre, Ouad'p 1843 8,000
Great Sanger 1856 3,000
Calabria, Italy 1867 10,000
Quito 1868 8,000
Xrseroum, Asia Mtaor.1868 8 ,000
Mendosa, 8. Amr....l881 7,000
Manila 1863 1,000
Mltylene 1867 100
Peru aad Xaaador. . . .1887 86,000
Sataadr, Colombia. .1878 14,000
SclO 1883 4,000
Cshmr 1888 3,000
Th Blvler , 1887 8,800
Yaaaaa, China 1888 4,000
St. Pierre 1908 80,000
Valparaiso, Chile ....1908 1,600
Saa Presets co 1906 468
Kingston, Jamaica.... 1907 1,100
Total., i 1.18,883
CITIES LUOK LIKE POMPEII
Reports from Regrgio and Messina
Tell of Obliteration.
SURVIVOR TELLS TRAGIC STORY
Lower Part of Tlepralo Sank and Was
Covered t p hy tho "ca People
Lire In Open In "plte
CATANZARO, Calabria. Dec. 80.-Such
fragmentary news as has been received
from Regglo goes to confirm the previous
report that the city has been practically
obliterated. A ' laconic telegram from
some operator In the sone of which Regglo
was the center says:
Regglo has been almost entirely de
stroyed. The local director of telegrams
and the operators are dead. Messina and
Regglo look like Pompeii."
The perfect of Regglo, Slgnor Orso, who
was thought to have, been killed, has
reached a coast point in safety after
twenty-four hours of fearful experience.
The man could hardly talk, but he said
Regglo had been almost entirely devas
tated, that the numbfr of dead ran Into
thousands, and that the surrounding vil
lages ialso have been destroyed.
The region between Rocella, Jonlca and
Caulonla, not far from Regglo, Is flooded.
Part of City Subsides in Sea.
A laborer who escaped from Regglo re
lates that shortly before daybreak a deaf
ening noise like the roaring of a hundred
cannon was heard. This was followed by
the subsidence of the entire lower portion
of the city. At the same time the sea swept
over the water front. The cathedral, all
the municipal buildings, and the barracks
and th beautiful palaces that lined th
Corso are now heaps of ruins. Screams of
terror could be heard above the crash of
The mayor of Semlnara, In the province
of Calabria, telegraphs that his town has
been practically destroyed. Seminar had
4.000 Inhabitants. Up to the time of re
porting the rescuers had unearthed 100
Reports from Pizso, thirty miles west of
here, declare that the death list In sur
rounding villages reaches a total of 3.32J.
Many wounded persons ore still under the
wreckage. Th survivors are camping In
the open air. Most of them are without
clothing, and food is lacking.
Panlo from Second Shock.
The section around Pixxo experienced an
other earth shock last evening, throwing
the people into a state of panic. The re
mains of the church in Pizso collapsed. A
score of people within the building had a
It Is raining hard, but In spite of this the
entire population persists In living In the
A report received here from Bant' Eufe
mhx. a town of 6.000 people, sixteen miles
northeast of Rjegglo, declares that the
dead there number 1,000, the wounded ex
ceeding that figure. The houses that were
not destroyed are now in flames. It is
impossible to send In supplies becaus of
the lack of means of communication.
SLIGHT SHOCK ADDS TERROR
I'ndnlatory Dlstorbaac Causes New
Alarm Am una; People.
PALERMO, Dec. 30.-A relief train dis
patched toward Messina In the hope of aid
ing the earthquake sufferers was forced
to return here, being able to go only
within . ten miles of tho stricken city on
account of demolished tracks. The engi
neer said that all houses along the route
showed effects of the earthquake.
There was a slight, short undulatory
shock of th earth at 7:30 o'clock last even
ing, which. In view of the disastrous re
sults of the earthquake, was sufficient to
create a terrible panic. There was a gen
eral rush to the squares and open places,
accompanied by lamentations and shrieks
of fear. Although late In the day. the
population Invaded th churches and car
ried out th Image of th saints and sacred
Disaster in Southern Italy Most Ap.
palling in History.
THIRTY-FIVE CITIES DESTROYER
Calamity Grows With Receipt ol
Every Fresh Dispatch.
ROYAL PARTY REACHES MESSINA
Queen Falters at the Sight, but Re
mains at King's Side.
REGGI0 SINKS INTO THE WAVES
Refugees Tell of Mad Acta of Terror
UNITED STATES CONSUL IS DEAD
Report Confirmed that Arthur F,
Cheney and Wife Are Missing.
NEW TREMORS FELT AT SYRACUSE
Fresh Earth Shocks Increase Frenzy
AELI0N ISLANDS OFF THE MAP
Italian Possessions Near Sicily May
BANDITS DESPOIL THE DEAD
Robber Bands of Messina Get Illrb
Treasure by Looting- Bank of
Italy's Vaults In Mes
sina. ROMH. Dec. 30. The details of one of
the most appalling disasters recorded In
the history of the world aro being un
folded In the dlxpatchea coming In today
from Calabria and Sicily. It. is a story of
Indescribable horror and calamity. The
earthquake of Monday morning wrought
havoc and destruction that cannot be esti
mated. Italy Is stunned by a visitation,
described as the greatest dlBaster In tho
memory of living man. Yet the full meas
ure of the cutastropho has not yet heen ,
taken. The calamity grows with the re
ceipt of every fresh dlnratch from tho
south. Calabria Is dotted with small townn
and villages and new localities are report
ing almost hourly casualty lists that run
from the hundreds Into the thausands.
Death I.lat May Be IBO.oOO. -
It Is still Impossible to reach any accu
rate estimate of the dead, but tho total
number Is placed anywhere between 100.000
and 150,000. In some quarters it Is de
clared that the final numbers will bo a
high as 200,000 persons. One-half of tho
population of Calabria and eastern Sicily
apparently has perished.
Countless thousands of wounded men,
women and children are lying In the ruins.
It Is Impossible to succor all. Numberless
wounded of the survivors who have made
their way to other cities are still without
medical attention. The facilities for proper
care even in the cities that did not suffer,
Tho devasted district Is still filled with
half demented survivors, starving and
wandering, aimlessly in the ruin. Th
ruins are still burning. King Victor Em
manuel und Queen Helena arrived In Mes
Bina this morning. They both personally
went to work to aid the injured. Their ex
ample has been a wonderful Inspiration to
the whole country. Every possible thing
Is being done to forward the work of re
lief, but the railroads In the afflicted sec
tions have been put out of operation.
Bagnara, a town of 10,000 people north of
Regglo is reported as annihilated. The
population is said to have perished. Reg
glo, a city of 60,000 people, has beon prac
The detailed stories of the refugees only
add horror upon horror to the calamities
of the fateful day.
Fresh earth shocks were experienced hint
night at Pizxo, In Calabria, and Palermo,
Sicily, last evening. They wer not severe.
Cable communication with the Aeollun
islands, twenty-five miles north of Sicily,
is Interrupted. It Is evident that the line
Is broken and It is feared that tb Islands
also have been devastated. The largest of
the group Is the Island of Llpaii and ths
capital town has a population of 12,000.
It Is feared that vast treasures have been
looted at Messina. The local branch of
the Bank of Italy had $2,000,000 on deposit
there and other banks had large amounts
of money In their vaults. There were also
countless treasures and articles of value
In the sumptuous palaces and prosperous
shops of the city.
Injured Clin to Rained Home.
Many terrible stories are related In con
nection with the rescue work. Th rescuers
had to contend with a superstition so deep
rooted in the Sicilian mind that in many
inxtances Injured men and women clung to
crumbling walls, refusing to let go their
hold and seek a safer position.
As further facts concerning stricken
Messina become available they corroborate
in every detail the worst fears heretofore
expressed. The cathedral, municipality
buildings, barracks and prisons are all de
stroyed, and presumably all th smaller
buildings shared the same fate. Of 2M
railway employes In the station at Messina
only eight aro known to have survived,
while at Regglo the silence of death still
reigns, leaving to the Imagination the ter
rible havoc wrought by the catastrophe,
with the horrible inrush of the sea, the
swallowing up of boats, the crushing ol
ships and the destruction of bridges and
wajls.' The sea became almost Instantly
covered with debris after the upheaval,
containing refuse of every description and
dotted with human bodies.
When tho day dawned the entire sliors
line of the surrounding country was utterly
changed in appearance. The coast line
was greatly altered, ' while of sll th mag
nificent houses along the shore only a few
tottering ruins remained. From these
ruins from time to time there sprang jets
of flame and smoke.
King Victor Emmanuel and th queen,
who loft yesterday for th scan of the
disaster, have won th heart of their sub-
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