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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 30, 1908)
THE OMAIIA DAILY BEE: WEDNESDAY. DlX'EMHEl! .TO. IPOS.
JSfoW Daily Bee
Founded bt Ildwaid rosewater
VrCTOR ROSKWAT.CR. EDITOR.
Entered t Omaha postal (ice ss Mcond
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ttste of Nebraska. Douglae County, at ;
George B. Taachuck. treasurer of The
Be Publishing company, being duly sworn,
aaye tkat the actual number of full and
complete cople of The Dally. Morning.
Avvmng inn Bunaay nee printea ourm mv
month of November,
(ember, W8. wu aa ioiiows:
It. ....... ..3790
.......'. .7 ao
Less unsold, and returned copies. H.H7
Net! total. lil60.103
Dally 'average ta,33
QSORQ3 B. TZ8CHUCK.
Subscribed In my presence and aworn to
before ma tbla lat day of December, 1901.
(Seal) at. P. WALKJCR,
WREST OCT" OF TOWH.
abaorlbera leavlaa; tae city tess.
erarlly shoal bay Tha
sealfe ts theaa. Adtraae will a
ehasice aa aftea aa raeae4.
Ice 'crop failure rumors are due.
The poultry show gives Omaha a
few more reasons for cackling.
"Watch "us ta 191," says Mr.
Hearst. Naturally", HM-'you'U bear It.
Prosecutor Heney Insists he has no
Intention of 'going fter those Pitts
Why is lms.n, jie1yer called a "good
fellow" untli hei)a,' acquired a lot of
bad habltsf '' ' ' " '
Georjia Is'termlned lb enforce its
prohibition law." It 'drug stores have
been ordered closed on Sundays.
St. oufiir.l'have adopted", the
roller ekate' wftltgt. Louis men have;
used the stMs.' Walk.' for' many years.'
A French" engineer, says . the con
struction of lbsPanama canal Is im
practicable., . At lefcst, the French en
gineers found itsor
"Speaker Cannon Is' now a grand
father," says thff vTjOUlsvIlle Cdurler
Journaj. o 'course' He is the orlgr
lnal Fpxy Orairdpa.':
"Can anyone explain the mystery of
life and death , asks; the Outlook.
Question referred to the Outlook's
new associate editor.
"Flugy" , Coopers, Just returned
from Europe, says the Paris women
are the handsomest in the world.
"Flngy' should Tls'lt 'Omaha.
Congress .might strengthen its case
by proving that there is no need of a
secret 'sSrrlie.'S farvas"the conduct
of congressmen is concerned.
An Omaha police court prisoner has
been fined S10 and costs for stealing
a duck and a goose. He should have
bought jpseaT and1 saved ' money; '
The Pullman upper berths may be
Just as jkood as the lower, but It will
be notlasd that Pullman officials do
not select them when traveling.
No, it is not a mere desire to con
tribute to the city treasury that makes
those Omaha barbers so eager to have
a llcensw tax imposed on themselves.
Mayo"Jlm" publicly admits his de
sire to rin for re-election. That little
spurt for.tho gubernatorial nomination
must have been Just to keep in prac
tice. Castro has agreed to surrender his
power in Venezuela.. He reached the
decision a few days after his succes
sor had bee chosen and all the Castro
pictures in Caracas burned in a public
One steamship ' recently took
$4,000,000' worth of Christmas pres
ents from the United States to foreign
countries. The old world Is becoming
oN. that San
V. O ' II .... I .. -
nra. Claus Is a
Mr. Knox doubtless wonders why
the press ,ul the public did not dis
cover some of those many good quali
ties ha possesses when he was a candi
date for the pretsldeatial nomination
Venezuela is Bonding expressions of
riendship to sll the powers. The
ck of such expressions must be
se In Venesuela. as Castro did not
i any of thufit Jurrg-, his nine years
TBE ABMT'8 ITKAKXtSS.
Opnersl J. Franklin Bell, chief of staff
of tba army, draws a rather discour
aging picture In his annual report of
the needs of the array and of the ap
parent lack of interest in military af
fairs both in congress and in the pub
lic mind. He declares thst the army
cannot adequately cope with condi
tions Incidental to actual warfare ow
ing to Its lark of both men and offi
cers; that few citizens know how to
hsndle and shoot modern rifles; that
the cavalry, infantry and artillery
branches of the service are lamentably
weak, while the engineer cotps is not
able to dlschsrge tho duties devolving
upon it even In time -of peace.
These conditions would cause alarm
If a war were pending- or Imminent,
but to 'arouse the country so long as
profound psce obtains and there Is
no war cloud on ibe horizon Is ve,ry
difficult. Yet General Bell contends that
this very confidence Is a source of
peril, because conditions which make
it possible to whip sn effective army
Into shape out of volunteer raw ma
terial, as has been done In former
wars, no longer exist. 8lmply by put
ting a man in a uniform and placing
a rifle In his hands does not make a
modern soldier. The contrary Idea, he
Insists, Is dangerous to the nation and
one that cannot be too strongly op
posed. The Improvements' In firearms
and the entire science of warfare have
so altered conditions that the soldier
of today, to be. at all efficient, must
have thorough training and education
In the art of fighting.
Although heretofore the cavalry has
been the popular arm of the service,
General Bell now declares that the
American cavalry Is an "antiquated
organization," unfitted for Its natural
part In mobilizing a fighting force and
moving it rapidly In times of trouble.
He asserts that this is due to a lack of
a sufficient number of experienced offi
cers, inability of the government to
secure proper mounts and a general
failure to keep the cavalry branch of
the service up to the high standard
which formerly made the American
cavalryman the model for the world.
As the headquarters of the signal
corps for the west, Omaha will be par
ticularly Interested in General Bell's
recommendations on that score. He
The duty devolving upon the signal corps
la so technical In Its nature as to preclude
a great Increase In the corps after a dec
laration of hostilities. With any expectation
that the Increase would be efficient and
capable of performing . the' Intricate and
technical duty required of t. fantbera; of
the signal corps are on! duty at all stations
with' organisations of .'the rgtilsr service
which have cable or telegraph UnW. They
are also distributed at many ungarrlsoned
places along telegraph and cable1 stations
for the purpose of keeping open the lines
of communication. ( T . "v'"'
Our signal corps has proved its ability to
meet all services required of It In tha past.
In peace as well as In hostile operations pc-,
curing since the war with Spain. Great de
velopments In scientific warfare are being
made' at ' present along llrtes pertaining to
duties of the signal corps.. Our algnal corps
has made satisfactory progress In develop
ing methods of performing Its technical du
ties efficiently and satisfactorily and In
matters relating to aerial navigation. Tt Is
hoped that the corps may receive a suffi
cient Increase to give It the necessary
strength to provide Its proper proportion
for the army at 'the outbreak of hostilities.
It should also receive a liberal appropria
tion to enable it to continue Its experiments
In aerial navigation.
While the public would resent ex
travagance In appropriations for the
development and exteneloa of the
army In times of peace, congress will
be Justified, and Its conduct approved,
In making whatever provision Is actu
ally necessary to place every branch
of the service upon its most effective
peace footing. .
IMMUNITY FOR THE- RAILROADS.
While attempting' to- rebuke- The
Bee for emphasizing- the expectation,
of the railroads to be let altfne by the
coming democratic legislature, the
World-Herald corroborate's The; Bee's
assertion that the railroads - helped
elect the democratic Jaw-raakers un
der assurance of legislative immunity
and for that reason' the'usuat raMroad
lobby may not be needed.
The World-Herald trtes to pave the
way, for legislative Inactivity by saying
that there Is no occasion for further
radical legislation -affoctlng. railroad
Interests' at this time; that passenger
and freight rates are as low as they
should be and that the laws governing
railway taxation are eminently satis
factory, the correction of any abuses
or inequalities being fully within the
power of the assessing boards.' If the
railroads will only let the democratic
legislature "do Its work' la peace" the
railroads may rest confident that noth
ing will be done to which they would
"Soft words may butter no pars
nips," but even - belated tetjnfasslon
may be good for the soul. The. demo
cratic World-Herald here practically
admits that the republicans tave given
the people of Nebraska all the relief
from former railroad extortion and op
pression that they have a right to' de
mand. The somersaulting of the
democrats, however, is both interest
ing and amusing. While-the repub
licans were enacting this reform legis
lation they got little aid or comfort
from the democrats or democratic or
gans, like the World-Herald.
When the revenue law was enacted
the democratic house leader, ; under
whip and spur of democratic medicine
mixers, brought ' In - an amendment
vitally changing the method of assess
ing railroad property and , actually,
along with the other members of the
democratic minority; voted against the
bill which he himself.. had helped to
frame. The republican revenue law
was denounced at the time and for a
long time afterward'- by the World
Herald as an iniquitous measure, par
ticularly in its railway "assessment
features, but now we are told that it
is all right and tails for no change.
When the republicans were putting
through the rate reduction bills, and
more particularly the freight rate re
duction bills, the democratic organs
kept insisting, that more radical cuts
be made and that the republicans were
favoring the railroads. But cow we
are told that the republican trade re
duction bills answer all requirements
and should stand Just as they are.
What more Is needed to expose the
Insincerity of democratic criticism of
republican legislation In Nebraska?
What more Is needed to prove that
democratic tirades against the rail
roads are mere pretense? What
further testimony can be demanded to
establish the charge that the consid
eration for thq. railroad support for
the democrats in the last campaign
was a guaranty of legislative Immunity?
FEZf PICTURES OF MURDER TRIALS.
The New York newspapers hava not
compiled with the petitions sent to
them recently asking that they refrain
from going Into details in the publi
cation of the testimony in the Hains
murder trial. The petitions were
signed by many ministers, church or
ganizations and prominent citizens,
and set forth the Thaw trial as an
Illustration of the evil of too much
publicity in such cases. It was urged
that the newspapers confine the re
ports of the trial to recording the es
sential features of the testimony, with
all the harrowing details, the pictures
of the witnesses and the sidelights
eliminated. The newspapers did not
reply that they would quit printing
the details of the trial when the good
men and women of New York quit at
tending It, talking about it and eag
erly buying the papers containing the
complctest accounts of It. The edi
tors Just went ahead, treating the case
In their own way, and here is one of
the results, taken from a leading New
Yesterday Its four great windows let In
enough of the dripping, doleful day to rust
the spirits of the most sanguine of those
present. Each Oothlc frame held the same
picture of desolate countryside, and through
the panes, bleared by raindrops, Thornton
Jenkln Hains looked out upon a weeping
world. But even In'Bplte of the depressing
atmosphere the accused man smiled. .
It would not do to limit the work
of the special writers assigned to re
port the murder trials in New York.
Such action would deprive literature
of the , productions of the sob squad
and the country would not stand for
that. When Thornton Jenkins Hains
looks out through panes bleared by
raindrops and smiles on a doleful
world the country has a right to know
EBB AND FLOW OF ALIENS.
A statement issued by the Depart
ment of Commerce and Labor shows
that in the twelve months ending Sep
tember 30 the number of aliens land
ings In this country was 72 4,112,
while the number returning to other
coAntrlerT from America-was 717,814,
leaving a net gain in alien population
forthe year of only 6,298, the small
est'. In many years. Secretary Straus
explains, however, the tide of immi
gration has turned toward America
very strongly, and that the arrivals
for the last three months of the cal
endar year will probably be 25,000 or
30,D00 in excess of departures.
Even at the most 'liberal estimate,
the country's gain in alien population
for. the year will be remarkably Bmall,
compared even with the, fiscal year
ending last June, when the increase of
arrivals over, departing aliens was
209,000, and this was a low water
mark compared with 1906, when fully
1,000,000 foreigners oame to this
country and few went back home. The
secretary finds reassurance for Amer
ican laboring men In the record of the
ebb and flow of aliens In the last year.
In the old days it was argued that the
constant influx of aliens would result
In injury to American workmen, but
the facilities for communication and
transportation have been so improved
that immigration and emigration re
spond quickly to economic conditions
and furnish a mobile labor market
much demanded by the trades and in
dustries. MR. TAFTS PANAMA MISSION.
People protesting against Mr. Taft's
proposed visit to Panama, on the
ground that as president-elect he
should not take the risks of the trip,
fall to appreciate Mr. Taft's concep
tion of bis duty or his determination
to perform his duty without thought
of self. While there Is naturally the
greatest desire that the president-elect
should not expose himself unneces
sarily at this time, or at any other
time, his determination to equip him
self with first-hand information of con
ditions and prospects at Panama will
be generally commended.
It is now certain that the Panama
canal will be much in evidence in con
gress during Mr. Taft's term as presi
dent. It Is admitted, too, that the
critical point has been reached in the
canal construction and that a decision
must be reached promptly whether the
canal shall be continued as a lock
canal, as now planned, or changed to
the sea-level pattern. The work done
thus far would have been necessary in
either event, so that nothing has been
lott, with perhaps the exception of the
foundation work on the Gatun dam,
should the sea-level plan be adopted.
The recent attack on the lock system
by M. Bunau-Varilla, the French engi
neer, has started a wide discussion
among expert euglneers and Mr. Taft
purposes to make an Inquiry for him
self. He will be accompanied to Pan
ama by six engineering experts, of his
own selection, and will spend a week
inspecting the work already done and
figuring on the work yet to be accom
plished. The country at largo will be content
to await Mr. Taft's decision and have
every confidence In his final finding
He haa a rare faculty for grasping big
problems and It is a certainty that if
he becomes convinced that the lock
plan cana Is a mistake he will have
the courage to say so and to recom
mend the change to the sea-level plan
It will be quite as well to quit worry
ing about the Panama situation until
Mr. Taft makes his report and it will
be safe then to go ahead with the
spending of the other . millions re
quired to complete the great enterprise.
Lincoln is preparing to make a play
for an appropriation for a new wing to
the capitol to house the supreme court
and state library. Lincoln would have
done better to have acted on the sug
gestion of The Bee a year ago for the
abandonment of the proposed separate
building for the State Historical library
and the erection in Its place of a com
bination building or wing for the two
state libraries and the supreme court.
Irrespective of the need, the state Is
not In position to provide money for
so many new buildings at one and the
same time. 5
A London physician, describing a
treatment he has Invented for helping
along the undeveloped, tells of tak
ing a modest, stammering lad of 19
and in two months teaching him to
"become extraordinarily loquacious,
using a vocabulary he could not other
wise have acquired In five years."
Here's a protest against the general
application of the treatment.
More gift propositions are In sight
for the state, but always with a string
tied to them that the land and build
ings donated be used and maintained
as state institutions. Nebraska has
not had very good luck with Its gift
horses in the past and may insist on
looking them in the mouth notwith
standing the impoliteness of such pro
ceeding. Chicago is going after the moving
picture theaters first, to make the
buildings safe, and second, to free the
entertainments from objectionable fea
tures. Ample protection against fire
and panic and a clean show ought to
be provided in every theater whether
the admission price be 5 cents or $5.
A grand Jury report out in Harlan
county censures "the practice of some
of the citizens of our county in circu
lating false and slanderous rumors af
fecting the character and reputation
of citizens." That grand Jury would
be classed as a .pack number if it sat
In Douglas county.
"Tarantlsm" IS Bald to be the name
of the affliction! troubling the suffra
gettes. The name was manufactured
by Sir William Shipley, A. M., M. D.,
LL. D., F. R. S., F. R. G. S., and there
Is so much of that the suffragettes will
hardly have courpge to try to get back
at him. k i -v-.ot-x. .
When Congressman Cousins of Iowa
retires with' the end of the present
session he will go on the lecture'plat
form. The strange part is that any
one should think it necessary to retire
from congress in order to go on the
A Pennsylvania, man rated at $60,
000,000 says he is willing to spend
$75,000 to be elected United States
senator. However, the toga is not sold
at auction yet, even in Pennsylvania.
"I have always been in favor of
wiping off the statute books every pro
tective a tariff provision," says Bourke
Cockran. That. man's republicanism
was never very deep rooted.
A Texas woman healer makes the
claim that she can remain at her home
and tell what alls a man in Chicago.
It is not difficult to tell what alls a
man In Chicago.
A Kansas editor has sold his paper
and will go to Asia as a missionary. It
is difficult to understand why he
should leave Kansas to do missionary
Most of those who are reported as "be
ing seriously considered for a place In the
cabinet" are apparently doing the consider
A Fallacy Exposed.
It la claimed by a statistician that mar
riage records this year will ahow a fall
ing off of at least 10 per cent from last
year. Another exhibit against the leap
An Inherited Tendency,
Someone once publicly pulled President
Andrew Jackaon's noae, and now another
someone haa pulled President FalUleres'
whiskers. All of which shows that man
kind Is essentially scrappy and that his
tory Is prone to repeat itself.
Fools and Their fancies.
Now two adventurous men intend to try
crossing the Atlantic ocean In a balloon.
In view of the fact that balloons and air
ahlps lately have been falling Into the
water with alarming frequency, they should
add life-preservers and a life boat to their
regular aerial equipment.
Promisea to Be Fnlnlled.
New York Tribune.
Despite the exaggerated professions of
skepticism on the part of some very su
perior critics of all things that are. It
looks more and more as if the republican
majority at Washington would loyally
fulfil Its promise of tariff revision, and
that according to the reasonable rule
that the way to revise Is to revise.
Paltlaa Money to Uood t'ae.
New York World.
If tha report were true that Andrew Car
negie had provided I1M.0OO to carry on the
Pittsburg inquiry Into municipal corrup
tion he would have Initiated a desirable
form of moral philanthropy. Endowment
funds for the exposure and prosecution of
Doodling are a novelty which may ulti
mately appeal to millionaire bounty and
In which there are abundant opportunities
for possessors of swollen fortunes to avert
tbs disgrac of dying rich.
RIMBI.K THROI GII Alt. TIIF. AOES
Havoc Wrosikt by Karthqaakea
Tkroiskeat the .World.
Should the early estimates of from
eo.OOl) to TO.floo lives lost prove approxi
mately correct. tlie present disaster In
southern Italy and Sicily will come close
to first ploc In the record of earthquake
calamities. The disturbance at San ttan
Cisco two and three-quarter years ago be
comes a feeble tremor by compsrlson with
the cataclysm In Italy, where both earth
and sea combined In wrecking and engulf
ing humanity. No other region of tin
globe can show an equal record of afflic
tion, extending down through all the ages.
Tho destruction of Pompeii and Iler
culaeneum In 79 A. D., was followed In
HSR. when one of the cities cf Calahrl
was torn asunder and swallowed up by the
Adriatic sea. all Inhabitants perishing. In
1458 Nnples was partly destroyed and 40.000
lives Inst. A second and greater disaster
to Naples and adjacent communities Is
recorded In 16S6. when 70.000 persons per
ished, a number equalling the msxlmum
dtlmate of the present disaster. In 1G93,
the region now afflicted suffered a disaster
more appalling than the present. Fifty
four cities and S00 villages were destroyed,
tho City of Catania with Its 18,000 In
habitants disappeared from the map and a
total of 100,000 persons perished.
In 1567 an earthquake gripped Constanti
nople In It grasp and sent Its great
mosques and towering minarets toppling
to the ground, crushing scores of believers,
who had rushed to these places for protec
tion when tho first tremors were felt. The
deaths caused by this great disaster were
bever even approximately fixed, but It Is
known that many thousands perished in
Palermo was . shaken to pieces by an
earthquake In I'M, and S.000 of Its Inhab
itants perished. Five years later Canton,
China, was visited by the most frightful
series of shocks within the memory of
The entire city was laid In ruins. The
Chinese population, herded -together In
compact masses, were killed like vermin,
and when the debris had been cleared
away and the total of the dead counted it
was found that 100,000 had perished-.
In 1755 the entire earth shook with trem
ors for months, and two great disasters
marked the year. Lisbon, the capital of
Portugal, was tossed about in a series of
shocks that opened great fissures In the
city's streets and shook Its stone buildings
Into mere masses of mortar and stone. In
all 35.000 were killed In Lisbon, and a loss
of ja.000,000 was borne by the people of
In the same year Kuchan, In north Per
sia, was utterly destroyed.' Although not
a large city, 40,000 lives were lost, and
the reports carried to the rest of the world
were to the effect that the entire popula
tion of the city had been wiped out of
Current earthquake records give Yeddo
(now Toklo), Japan, the primacy In death
roll. In 1703 the city was practically de
stroyed, and 200,000 lives lost. It was visited
by a similar disaster In 1855. but the num
ber perished Is not recorded.
The nineteenth century also suffered
from earthquakes In all parts of the world.
The most startling quake in this country
was that which destroyed Charleston, 8.
C, In 1888, causing a loss of $20,000,000. Only
forty-one deaths were caused directly by
the shock, but many deaths which oc
curred within a short time after were un
doubtedly due to the conditions which fol-'
lowed the earthquake.
In 1883 the great cataclysmic volcanic
outburst and earthquake In the-laland of
Krakatoa saw half of that Island tossed
Into the sea, with more tnan 36,000 of Its
Inhabitants. The effects of this disturb
ance were noticeable In all other parts of
the earth for months after.
In the same year Ischla was shaken by
a series of shocks that sent Its buildings
toppling to the ground In ruins and caused
the death of 2,000 of Its people. In 1S91 the
Island of Honod, Japan, was practically
destroyed and 12,000 lives lost.
In 1804 Caracas, In Us lofty seat among
the mountains of Venezuela, suffered from
one of the most severe shocks In Its his
tory and 3,000 lives were lost. Then in 1902
the eruption of Mount Pelee established a
record which It Is hoped will never be sur
passed In this country.
For over 1,000 years the southern coast
of Italy has been subject to recurring
selemlc convulsions, and their frequency
hts been so great during the last three
centuries that they have practically made
a desert of the whole coast from Naples
cn to the south, following the toe of tha
giant foot around to the heel. For over a
century a curious periodicity has been
observed in the eruptions of Vesuvius and
Etna. When one is active the other Is
quiescent and vice versa. Between the two
Is Stromboll, that from the earliest times
has never been quiet, and with Stromboll
as the center of the volcanic disturbance
the pendulum swings from Vesuvius on the
bay of Naples to Etna, In Sicily, and back
again. But there are times, not very
frequent, when both are quiet, and then
the trouble begins on the south Italian
const, for as sure as Etna and Vesuvius
calm down the earthquakes In Calabria
begin. It la true there are earthquakes
there at other times also; In fact, there la
hardly a day In the year when an
earthquake may not be looked for at some
point along the coast, but when both great
volcanoes are quiet earthquakes of unusual
violence may be expected, and1 the expecta
tion Is rarely doomed to disappointment.
The consequence Is that the whole coast
is almost desolate. The frequency of the
shocks renders the construction of houses
of any reasonable size very Inadvisable;
In fact, a largo house Is generally tumbled
over before It Is fairly completed, and so
the villages are of small one-story houses,
from which the Inhabitants are ready to
flee Into the open air at a moment's notice.
An engineer by the name of Grell has
patented an invention by means of which,
he says, he can transmit blograph pic
tures by an ordinary telegraph apparatus.
Springfield, III., Is up and a-comlng
over Its celebration of the Lincoln ctn
tennary. Ambassador Bryee and Ambas
sador Jusserand are to speak for Europe
and Mr. Bryan and Senator Dolllver tor
America. This Is a "bill" that will draw.
Greenleaf Whlttler Plckard, a grand
nephew of the famous poet. Is named aa
a second Edison for his discoveries In
wireless telegraphy. He lives In Ames
bury, Mass., and since 1902 has received
thirty-one foreign and domestic patents,
and has twenty-eight others pending.
One of tha leading Pennsylvania sena
torial candidates for Mr. Knox's place U
George T. Oliver of Pittsburg, a million
aire steel manufacturer and or some
years past the owner of a Pittsburg
newspaper. He has never held any ex
ecutive or legislative office and If elected
would enter the senate paat the age ut 60.
Judaon. Harmon, democratic governor
elect of Ohio, will appear on horseback
In the inaugural parade at Columbus Jan
uary 16. "Why should I not ride horse
back in the parade?" Judge Harmon
asked. "My staff will mounted and
there is no good reason why I should be
toted along In a carriage when the rest
uf the boys are inounud."
WORK OF SECRKTARY WIISO. .
Twelve Veara Labor In the lt.-art-snrat
The Outlot.k, New York.
Seldom docs a cabinet minister remain
In a particular office long enough to pre
sent a twelfth annual report. Yet this Is
the achievement of Secretary Wilson of
the Dcpnrtment of Agriculture. Ho Is the
sole survivor of the McKlnley cabinet. Our
agricultural production for the year 1!0 Is
above the average, the production of hay,
sugar and rice being the largest on record.
The total value of the year's farm prod
ducts has risen to $7.778.ono.OoO. 4 per cent
above last year's, and four times the value
of our mining products. FVirm products
comprise cropa and animal products. In
computing the first we find that corn rep
resents one-third of the total; cotton, hay
and wheat one-third, and the rest one
third; that corn Is now followed by cot
ton, not by hay, which has long held sec
ond place; that the other cereals In order
ore wheat, oats, bsrley, rye, rice and buck
wheat. The year 1908 loads all former
years In the value of nil the cereals, of
potatoes, sugar and tobacco. Thrce-clghths
of the value of farm products Is repre
sented by animals, sold and slaughtered,
and by animal products at the farm. We
hardly realize that eggs and poultry are
worth as much as the cotton crop Itself.
This certainly represents a great change
during the twelve years, not so much in
theso special products, as In the methods
of dairying and of meat Inspection, due to
the department's diligence. There has also
been a change during these years from
low to profitable crop prices a dozen
yeers ago corn was selling at SI cents per
bushel! Again, there has been a grewt
change In tho varieties of crops, this also
due to the department's agents, who have
been constantly traversing foreign lands In
serrch of promising seeds and plants for
possible introduction here; for Instance,
some years ago durum wheat was brought
from Russia and Africa; now Its crop In
America Is worth more than 130,000.000 to
the farmers; furthermore, so great has be
come the production of alfalfa, an Intro
duced hay plant, that Its crop this year
heana $100,000,000. The department haa also
Increased tho farmer's profits by millions
because of Its warfare against the pests
which have hitherto destroyed crops. An
even greater gain has been the depart
ment's placing the American farm on a
sounder scientific basis. Numerous long
time experiments on farms controlled by
tho department are under way to de
termine crop rotation and other methods
of management which will be most profit
able and beet adapted to family and other
available labor. Thus, In information, In
telligence and Industry the fanners have
been Immeasurably fortified. The fact that
the Department of Agriculture Is only
twenty years old and yet that it is regarded
by the country as one of the Indispensable
Instruments of the government's construc
tive activity is the strongest testimonial
to the efficiency of Secretary Wilson, who
has directed the department for more than
half Its existence.
Onr Secretaries of Stale.
Mr. Knox will be our fourth mono
syllabic secretary of state since 1897. He
succeeds Root, who succeeded Hay, who
succeeded Day. The earlier monosyllabic
secretaries of state were Smith, Clay,
Cass, Black, Fish and Blaine. Only one
secretary of state Frellnghuysen had a
four-syllable name. There are(seven three
syllable names In the list and twenty-one
two-syHable names. In going from the
senate to the Department of State Mr.
Knox does what Daniel Webster and Wil
liam H. Seward did before him.
Pashlnac a. Good Thlnar Along;.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
The postal saving bank Is established In
the Philippines and Is reported to be grow
ing favorably. Forty per cent of the de
positors are Filipinos, and this Is their
first experience with bank facilities.
The York Store
On December 19th.
Branch Piano Stock
This Piano and Organ stock was shipped to Omaha.
This stock is now placed on our floors at 1513 DouffIa3
street and is offered to tho public at unheard-bf low ;Ves!
The instruments are all practically new, having; bei x !'
stock but from two weeks to a few montlis,iand are, per
fect in every respect; as this stock crowds pur .available
space and as we begin making alterations directly after
holidays, we are forced to dispose of them without delay,
therefore we mark them down to prices that are one-half, ;
in some instances to one-third, off the regular retail sell
ing prices. ; . '
Every Instrument is fully warranted at f.'om five to twenty rr
years. With every piano goes a stool to match and a fine silk or
The terms are the easiest obtainable as little as $5.00 per
month until paid for. Where cash la offered we make a small
discount. ' '
This piano 6tock contains very late case designs In Bpaninn
mahogany, la French and American walnut, in quartered American
and English or antique oak.
In styles there are colonial, art cases and the modern cabinet
grands, aa well as baby grand pianos. .
Everyone recognizes the importance of this sale when you know
it comprised such world renowned makes as the King Pianos, the
Chlckering Pianos, the Conway Pianos, the Kimball Pianos, the
Weser Bros. Pianos, the Melville-Clark the Kensington, the Cramer'
and many other hJgh grade Pianos.
The Organs put on this sale are also new and up to date ht
style and finish and comprise the Kimball Organ, the Swan Organ,
the Hospe Organ and others.
When you take notice that brand new, up-to-date Pianos go in
this sale for '
$129.00 $148.00 $169.00 $198.00 $235.00
$259.00 $278.00 AND UP.
On payments of $G.OO. $7.00. $8.00. 91 0.00 i "n,&
and only require $10.00 IWN to get one sent home, you will
fully make up your mind now Is the time to buy. '
Remember there are but fifty Pianos, and all genuine bargains.
Don't Forget, $10.00 Down Takes One Home. ( -
r- n n rs.
1513 Douglas St.
TREATMENT' OF rRIONRRSj.
An Iowa I den Designed to Make Jail
1.1 fe Attractive.
New York Tribune.
The warden" of the penitentiary at Port
Madison, la.. If hs has been correctly re
ported, thinks that the Interests of hu.
mantty would be better served by grsatet
liberality In the treatment of prisoners,
and for his own Institution recommends,
among other things, abolition of the prison
uniform. This msy do very well so ions,
as the prisoner remains In the prison, but
If he Is disposed to escape, end succeeds,
he will find the garb bt tha outside world
highly convenient. With humanity consti
tuted as It Is. It Is desirable, while con- k
A nPi.nnB MrA.M.tA..i.. . r
houses on a humane basK, hot to make
them so comfortable as to appeal to a
large class of people who' have no Inclina
tion to do honest wi.ik for an honest liv
ing. A prison as luxurious as is a certain
home for paupers provided by one of the
cities of England, whose inmates have
better accommodations than most well-to-do
outsiders, appeals rather strongly to an
element in human nature which ran be
cultivated only at the expense of society
In general. ' "
TRIFLES L.IOIIT A? tin.
"Bllgglna' baby must be a mondcr. '
"Yes." answered Misa Cayenne. "It m
the only human being I know of wncse
conversation he esteems more highly than
his own." Washington Star.
"A photographer's Is a nice kind of busi
ness." said the admiring frtend.
"It Is In the main," admitted the photo
grapher, glancing about his studio, "hut
still there are some ugly features about
It." Baltimore American.
"After a man has made millions, vou'd
think his wife and daughters would lei
"And don't they?"
"Naw. Then he usually has to buclcl
down to correct his grsmmar and talilti
manners." Kansas City Journal,
Mick Faith and I see ye're back from
the front. Pal.
Pat (Just Invalidated out of tha service
Begorra, I knew I was thin, hut I didn't
know I was as thin as all that. Harvard
"I understand you bought some stock Pi
the new aeroplane company?"
"Yes I took a flier." Cleveland Plain
"B:ven Turkey lias Jo'inad tho march of
"Yes. and a few of us are thinking of
asking our Janitor for a constitution "
Cobb What's the difference between vis
Ion and sight?
Dohb See those two girls across the
Cobb Yes. '
Dobb Well, the pretty one t would call
a vision, but the other one she's a sight.
ARB ioy rtKVOVf
Baltimore American. ,
Friends. Fellow-Citizens and Country mca :
Lend me your ears.
Have you tnought given t6 the coming
And to the foremost duty of the. day
Which all men recognize as vital part
And parcel of the young and glad New
Say, have you made with full trust In
The same old resolution made a year ago?
The resolution to .he good and brave and
And honest, amiable, and patient quite
To keep your temper, never say cross
Make everybody love you, treat ell men
As friends and brothers, shun all Idleness.
Eschew all gossip of your neighbors'
And deal severely with your own pet sins?
Of course, you will not keep them; do
The fear of that be worry to your soul,
'Twill be exactly as It was last year.
But still your llttlo pile of bricks must go
To help the paving of the broad, smooth
Which leads to hem! We'll change the
subject now.' --i-.wr ' .
Pray, have you bought a. diary? Not so?
Then get one right away.. Don't pay too
You'll use It for a , week and then
The resolutions and the diary both
Will go the old accustomed way for good
And be as naught again till 1910.
How On Sale
We Discontinued Oar
at York, Nebraska.,
i 1 1.
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