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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 29, 1908)
THE OJIAHA DALLY BEE: TUESDAY. DECEMBER 29. 1D0.
Tte Omaha Daily Bee!
FOl'NDED BT EDWARD ROSBWATER.
Victor robewater, editor.
Krrtered at Omaha postofflce aa second
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STATEMENT OF CTRCTTtiATION.
grate of Nebraska, Douglas County ss
(leer B. Tiachuck. treaaurer of The
Baa Publishing eompany, being duly worn,
aaiyi that tha actual number ot full and
rompleta .copies of The Dally. Morning.
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of November, 10. waa ai follow:
... 44,000 n rr.o
I ...M.100 IT 3T.10
t ..46.88 II WW
4 ,,..64.MQ . 1 W0
t 49.00 20
M.aao . SI "0??
t njM ii rum
17,400 II 17,010
t....,.....40 , t4 ".wo
1 0710 II 37,070
II..... ST.780 ! .40
II 07JW0 17 10
It 7.t0 II M.B00
14 1740 II 14,700
II S4SO0 10 TIM0
Lass unsold and returned coplea. 11147
Nat total 'lM,iS
Dally average 0.3
. QBORQB B. TZSCHUCK.
Subacrlbed In my presence and sworn to
before ma inls lit day of December. l0s.
(Seal) M. P WALKER,
WHEN OUT OF tOWH.
abeertker leaving tho eltr ta
aorarlly skoal kavo Tha Baa
nulled te thera. Address wUl
aaaa-ed as oftca aa requested.
Pittsburg should be ashamed to
look la the mirror.
It Is not too early to begin practic
ing writing it 1909. .
Tho coming year should please the
bane ball fans. It has two 9's of Its
The Ice man will have to get In his
worjc with, tho weatherman a little
"The Futuro of Prohibition" is the
title ot a new book. It is probably
Mr. Bryan says he has no regrets
over the results of the recent cam
paign. That makes it unanimous.
People who failed to do their
Christmas shopping , .either , early or
late may yet repent and make good.
Andrew Carnegie got lost in
Washington the other night, but he
was never lost in the steel business.
With an Income of $15,000,000 a
year. Mr. . Carnegie naturally feels
that he does not need any protection.
The Los Angeles Times says It Is
unlucky to, gut hit with an axe on
Friday. It is unlucky to get hit with
an axe any day.
Colonel A. Bogey of Georgia is
looking for some federal job. As a
golf expert. Mr. Taft will naturally
try to beat. Bogey.
"Does the Ananias club expire by
limitation at midnight on December
31?" asks the Chicago Tribune. No.
The date Is noon, March 4.
A San Francisco heiress has mar
ried the head waiter In a big hotel.
Probably she wanted a husband who
was accustomed to wearing a dress
The south Is protesting against the
destruction of Its forests. Unless the
ravage is stopped there threatens to
be a shortage of frees for lynching
bees.' ' . .
Take note thut none of the demo
cratic solons are. proposing to repeal
sny of the reform measures put on the
Nebraska statute books by the last re
The Grand Duke Alexis of Russia
left 1800,000 to a Paris chorus girl,
but not a cent to charity. The grand
duke waa famous for his liberality
toward his ladlfrens.
It Is reported that Carrie Nation
will go on the stage in London. She
should have a smashing time and her
humor is just about slow enough to
appeal to Londoners.
,Mr. Carnegie says that Mr. Gary's
steel figures were not correct and Mr.
Gary simply retorts, "I told the truth,"
Thst's a pleasing substitute for the
short and uglier word.
Mr. P.euterdabl is now trying to
tell who ran the navy during the
Spanish-American war, but the coun
try .will refuse, to ,have the Sampson
Schley controversy reopened at this
I . ...
".Flngy" Conners has returned from
Europe with the statement that be
likes Berlin bet'or than any city he
bas visited, There will be uo objec
tion. If be decides to make bis perma
uent home there.
PARTISANSHIP AXD PATRIOTISM. '
The democratic World-Herald as
sumes to tell the republican minority
what they should do In the coming Ne
braska legislature. If The Bee should
undertake to tell the members of the
democratic majority what they should
do we have no doubt the World-Herald
would Intimate that it was an uncalled-for
Impertinence. The local
democratic organ wants the repub
licans in the legislature to fall in with
the democrats and help the democrats
! put on the statute boom all the vari
ous and variegated experimental laws
desired to make Nebraska an object
lesson of Bryanlte vagaries and cure-
It Is safe to say that the republican
minority will follow no. such advice,
but that they will stand for republican
principles and republican measures.
On any proposition which promises
real reform In government or makes
for more economical administration of
state Institutions members of the re
publican minority will be found voting
with members of the democratic ma
jority, but on propositions on which
the republicans took distinct issue
with the democrats in the campaign
the minority members will do well to
uphold their party's position and let
the democratic majority have full re
sponsibility for questionable legisla
tion. That is what the republican mi
norify Is there for to constitute a
healthy opposition against hasty and
ill-considered law-making. On sub
jects on which there Is a decided
division of public opinion the mem-.
bers of the republican minority may,
we believe, be depended on to draw
the line betwen partisanship and pa
triotism at the right place.
MR. HEARST EXPLAINS.
The founder, manager and press
agent of the national independence
party has offered a belated explanation
of the light vote cast for his person
ally conducted party in tho last presi
dential campaign. Mr. Hearst is con
vinced that the Independence party is a
little too far in advance of the time,
and he Is equally confident that the
American voters will finally become
aroused to the point of accepting his
platform and marching to victory over
the remains of the democratic party
and the crippled hosts of republican
The explanation is neither new nor
original, being revamped from the pop-
lists when the Ocala and Omaha plat
forms missed out. The same explana
tion has been urged by Mr. Bryan for
the failure of a majority of tho votars
to accept Bryanism. It Is the natural
plea of, the rejected man who believes
that he is superior to those who have
cast him off. In the Hearst case, his
candidate for the presidency, a man
capable and honest, received but 83,
186 votes throughout the country, In
dicating that the party was either a
long way ahead of the time or a long
distance behind it.
The Independence party was organ
ized on the rather violent presumption
that the republican and democratic
parties were wrong and were going to
pieces. The platform Included an in
dictment of the Intelligence of prac
tically all the voters of the nation, and
the figures show that a greater pro
portion than usual of the voters ad
hered to one or the other of the old
parties, proving that they are in no
mood to respond to a hurry call for
the organization of a new political
The nation's history shows that new
parties get support only when they
espouse some great commanding na-.
tional issue, like slavery, which gave
the republican party Ha birth and early
vigor. The Hearst party presented
nothing new or appealing. Its declar
ation was only an exaggerated copy of
the Bryan platform, with a few pop
ullstlc and socialistic trimmings added.
It appealed to no legitimate demand,
offered no pressing issue and promised
nothing tangible should victory be
achieved. It catered to the ultra-radical
at a time when the country was
surfeited with radicalism, and its fail
ure was logical and Inevitable.
A TAX OX COFFEE.
There will be no popular approval of
the proposition now being considered
by the ways and means committee at
Washington to Impose a tax of 5 cents
a pound on coffee, as one of the fea
tures of the new tarff bill. The argu
ment in support of the proposition Is
that this tax would yield a revenue of
about $45,000,000 a year and would
thus offset the loss that would result
from lowering the duties on sugar,
tobacco, hides. Iron, steel and wood.
So far as the consumer is concerned,
this argument is of a piece with the
street vendor's statement that what he
made on peanuts he lost on bananas.
This shitting ot the tariff duties would
simply cause the consumer to use the
savings in one pocket to pay the losses
in the other.
Advocates of the proposition have
another argument in support of it that
holds a promise ot future benefits.
They contend that a coffee duty would
encourage the development ot coffee
growing in Porto Rico, Hawaii and the
Philippines to the point where the
American demand could be supplied by
our iusular possessions., The further
arguiuentl offered that the duty
would enable the United States to
make more advantageous reciprocal
trade relations with Brail!, which sells
tha- United States about $100,000,000
worth of goods, chiefly coffee, annually,
and buys but $19,000,000 of American
products in return. With a duty on
coffee, it Is argued, Brazil would And
It profitable to make trade concessions
on American manufactured products
and give America a share of the Ura
rillan trade which now goes to Europe.
Of course the ways and means com
mittee, in planning a revision of the
tariff schedules, will have to keep the
question of revenues constantly In
mind, and the condition of the treas
ury will have to be taken Into account
In the estimates of expected losses and
gains. The treasury deficit now aggro
gates $62,000,000, and Secretary Cor
telyou estimates the deficit at the close
of the fiscal year June 80 next at
$114,000,000. Receipts from both cus
toms and Internal revenue have
sharply declined during the last year,
while expenses have continued to in
crease. The working balance of the
treasury is at about its lowest safe
amount and the funds on deposit In the
national banks, about $130,000,000,
can not last more than another year,
if disbursements are not curtailed or
revenues Increased. The revenue prob
lem Is the most serious that will con
front the incoming administration, but
to solve it by placing a duty on coffee
will hardly be satisfactory to the peo
INTERNA TIOSAL CUXSER VA TIOX.
President Roosevelt has taken the
initial step toward a conference of rep
resentatives of the governments of the
United States, Canada and Mexico
looking toward co-operative action for
the conservation of the natural re
sources of the North American conti
nent. This is the first official recogni
tion of the' fact that the movement for
the conservation of natural resources
must be International and world-wide
to accomplish its full purpose, because
the saving of the natural resources of
one country at the expense of those of
another country would be of the same
order as the- little boy's demand to eat
his sister's apple first.
In an Interview published in the
New Tork Herald nearly a month ago
the editor of The Bee called attention
to this feature in response to a ques
tion as to whether Canada would not
impose an export duty on wood pulp
in case we put wood pulp on the free
list as follows:
If the Canadians thought our demand for
paper would ruin their forests they certainly
would Impose auch a duty. This question
is not a purely American question, anyhow.
It la a part of the great problem of the
conservation of natural resources and is
bound to become a matter for international
The preservation and renewal ot the
forests by more intelligent use of the
timber constitutes only one item. It
Is almost as Important to us that the
coal deposits and minerals of other
countries be carefully conserved as
that our own be protected from waste
ful consumption. Along with the de
velopment of our own waterways, It
would be equally stimulating to our
trade and commerce to have the water
ways of other countries likewise de
veloped. Of course, the movement for the
conservation of natural resources can
not become world-wide over night.
The truth Is that we are behind the
older countries of Europe in this
work. The enlistment of Canada'and
Mexico will add material strength to
it and lead later to still further terri
Reports of the clearing houses and
the commercial agencies for the last
week, including comparisons with last
year's record, indicate marked im
provement in general business through
out the country. The only exception
to the rule is found in railway earn
ings, which, after a sharp recovery in
September and October, slightly de
creased for November, the number of
idle cars having Increased, for the first
time since last April. This Is explained,
however, by the fact that the grain
movement In September and October
was abnormally large and that Novem
ber and December are normally dull
months in the movement of merchan
dise from the manufacturing centers to
The most encouraging sign of im
provement Is found In the report of
business failures for November, com
pared with the corresponding month ot
last year. After the panic ot 1907
there was an alarming number of fail
ures all over the country for several
months. Early last summer the num
ber began to decrease, and this de
crease has continued until now the
showing Is quite satisfactory, indicat
ing a steady tendency to more stable
business conditions. For the month of
November there were 1,120 failures in
the United States, with liabilities ot
$12,600,000, compared with 1,180 fail
ures In November. 1907, with liabili
ties aggregating $17,638,000. In bank
ing there were ten failures, for $863,-
181. compared with thirty failures, in.
volving $9,144,226 in November of last
year. In both the manufacturing and
retail lines there was a marked de
crease In the number ot failures and
in the amount involved.
The statistics are highly encourag
ing, particularly In view of other evi
dence that the limit of the depression
has been reached and that improved
conditions are existing in all channels
of trade, making the outlook for a
highly prosperous year in 1909, from
a commercial standpoint, very promis
There are some shrewd financiers
over in Europe, too. Turkey has
agreed to accept $20,000,000 from
Austria for two nominal Turkish prov
inces that are under Austrian denomi
nation and Austria promptly makes the
payment in $20,000,000 worth of
Turkish bonds which the old sultan
had never dreamed of redeeming.
The net earnings of the American
railways for the ten months ending
with October were only $451,868,658.
Tbe railroads have been met more
than half-way by prosperity.
One of the candidates for speaker
of the toulDg Nebraska legislature li
quoted as saying that be will continue
In the race "until I find a better man
who stands for the things I do." A
candidate In that state ot mind will be
persuaded with difficulty that anyone
else Is better than he is.'
Inasmuch as the supreme court
commissioners holding over, notwith
standing the constitutional amend
ment increasing the number of su
preme judges, are all republicans, it is
reasonable to expect that the demo
cratic legislature will not tempt them
to remain longer by renewing their
The extra session, beginning- immediately
after March 4, next year, will give the new
congreasmen chance to feel that they are
really earning their salaries from tha atart.
Congressman Hitchcock's World-Herald.
The only democratic congressman
from Nebraska may feel that he is
really earning his salary, but what has
he done to make anyone else feel the
Mr. Bryan says it was a "combina
tion of financial, industrial and com
mercial" Interests of the country that
elected Mr. Taft. Still, there are
7,637,676 male citizens of lawful age
who believe they had something to do
with the case.
The Japanese government has
dropped 684 railroad officials, thereby
saving about $260,000 a year. That
Indicates thst a railroad official In
Japan gets about $400 a year, or
about tbe .same aB an American mes
Chambers of commerce in England
are asking for a lowering of the Amer
ican tariff schedules. Most foreigners
would like to see the American tariff
schedules abolished, which Is one good
reason why they will not be.
The payment of only $45,000 to
sixty Pittsburg councilmen indicates
that the Pittsburg councilman is work
ing below the scale established by
their brethren In St. Louis and San
The Interstate Commerce commis
sion threatens to investigate the serv
ice on railway dining cars. We hope
the threat will not be carried out.
What we don't know 1b not apt to
Omaha's building outlook for next
year already promises to be a record-
breaker. Omaha mechanics in tbe
building trades may count on steady
work without going away from home.
Blsras of the Awakening.
The fact that China proposea making a
big bond issue 4s all the evidence needed
to prove that American Idea are at last
making a dent on the old empire.
Aa Inspiring Saggestloa.
Senator Bournela, bill to give the presi
dent a salary ef (100.000 seems Inspired by
a determination to. mako the presidency of
this nation measure up pecuniarily with the
presidency of a trust.
A Lamlnona Translation.
Tho canniest of Scots on either side of
tha ocean aaya E. II. Gary is a "pawky
chlel." That is to say, in the vernacular
that he la "a sly, insinuating, cunning
fellow," who ne'er betrays hla real thought.
Whtrs Doctors rail Down.
There is one malady which has defied the
skill of all tha physicians in the world.
They can alleviate it In aome cases, but
they cannot claim to cure It or to prevent
It. This is the common cold In the head,
which afflicts millions of us annually.
A Qaeatloa that May Bother.
When congress gets through with plans
for punishing the president for hla com
ments upon the law which restricted the
use of the secret service men to the single
field of counterfeiting possibly it may oc
cur to the senate and the house that he
country would like to know Just why such
limits were fixed.
Peraonal Compliment Politic.
Bt. Louis Globe-Democrat.
By a email majority the democrats car
ried Nebraaka at tha recent election and
now it seems that there are two kinda of
democrats in the new legialature, one kind
considering the party platform too radical
on the atate guarantee of bank deposits.
Nebraska would be better off if It had
not turned its election Into a peraonal
ELIOT ON LAWLESSNESS,
Real Remedy (or Preseat Day
The address ot President Eliot before the
Civic Forum on lawlessness did not mince
words. No one will question the truthful
ness of hla dlscrlptlon of the lawlessness of
high finance, although hla statement that
we need a atate police with a military or
ganisation to cope with our crimes of vio
lence may surprise people who have grown
sccustomed to taking newspaper reports of
such Incidents as a matter of course and
dismissing them from consideration. But
there ia no doubt that auch crimes are In
creasing, not merely In sections where they
are stimulated by race antagonism, but in
cltiea where police inefficiency ii a superin
ducing cause. Man rob and kill because it
is safe, and unless city governments are
able to protect life and property we may
have to try the state constabulary system,
although there la a well founded distrust of
But tha real remedy for Inefficient gov
ernment ia an arouaal ot public opinion.
We have aeen auch an arousal during re
cent years in regard to Crimea of cunning,
and such are being shackled and will be
ahackled further. A few years ago Presi
dent Eliot's blunt talk about financial
Crimea would have been sensational. Now
that the remedy is in course ot application
it attracts only Casual notice. We need a
further and stronger awakening in regard
to the protection of human life, not merely
from assassins, but from the greed of busi
ness which sacrifices lives to cheapen the
cost of production. Not merely are the
death and accident rates on our railroads
greatly in exceaa of those in Europe, but
tli machines in our factories are far too
little guarded, and we are only just begin
ning to grow sensitive to the seer I flee of
the health of women and children by tin
dl'ly long houia of labor and by unhealthful
working condition. On these mattera more
plain apeaking like President Eliot's is
Uglily desirable. The commandment, "Thou
shalt not kill.' ett ill rereivea far too lim
ited and lechnlcf I an application.
FEDRRtTlflV COTICMPT CAR.
Kdlterlal Views en Conviction at La
St. Ixiuli Republic (dem ).
Acknowledging the correctness of tli.
decision In Its conclusions and even ap
proving the justice of the sentence carrl.-s
no compulsion to approve th emasculation
of logic or award approval to a course of
reasoning which assaults the simple,
Anglo-Saxon sense of Justice. And the
man who wrote all the fallacious piffle is
A Jadlclal Stmt.
Minneapolis Journal (rep.).
Judge Wright, In sentencing Messrs.
Gompers. Mitchell and Morrison to actual
imprisonment. Instead of fining them,
seems to strut rather grandiosely across
the public stage. It Is true that the Judg
ment Is that of a unanimous court, but
we believe It falls to take Into account
the sincerity cf the offenders, and their
representative character. It falls to take
Into account the comparative novelty of
the question raised, and the first offense"
character of the contempt. It falls to take
Into account the fact that a very large
body of cltisens does not yet recognise
that the secondary boycott li Illegal.
St. Louis Times (Ind.).
An orderly mind will not fall to ace that
Samuel Gompers, John Mitchell and Sec
retary Morrison might have proceeded less
offensively while the case at issue waa
yet before a court. Their misdoing admit
tedly was the violation of an express In
junction which in no sense prejudiced
the actual case at Issue. On the other
hand the same orderly mind will frame a
thought of regret that two men so popu
lar as Gompera and Mitchell, to say noth
ing of Morrison, should be made to suffer
humiliation because they did that which
they believed to be right In behalf of a
Penalising- Falae Leader.
Baltimore American (rep.).
The verdict means that labor shall no
longer suffer the falae leading of men
Tho confuse self-aggrandisement with
constitutional rights. It means that
hereafter the Intelligent labor forces
may work out their Interest in harmony
with the general weal of the country.
It means that hereafter the law shall
be accorded full recognition. It means
that the dangerous trend toward utter
confusion and class antagonism shall be
checked. The atmosphere has been
cleared and much of vagueness has been
dissipated by the decision against the
men whom. Judge Wright called boastful
and persistent violators of the law.
Coort Had No Alternative.
Kansas City Star (ind.).
In this particular contempt case the evi
dence, so far as it is understood by the
general public, seems to have been so ex
plicit that the court had no alternative
from conviction and sentence. It a way
could have bocn found to acquit the ac
cused no doubt the country would have
been well satisfied. But no such way
seems to have been left open. Even now
there Is left the privilege Of appealing to a
still higher court or to the president for
pardon or clemency; but whatever Is to
be done, must be done within the law, not
in defiance of tho law, which. It is sub
mitted, leaves as large latitude as may
be safely allowed for the correction of
Raiaea Acute Question.
Washington Herald (Ind.),
Judge Wright's action, however conclu
sive It may be as to the law in this par
ticular case, raises a number of acute ques
tions that will have to be settled In the
forum of public opinion or by legislation.
One relates o the scope of the injunctive
process as applied to labor disputes and
another to the amendment of the Sherman
antt-trust law so aa to exclude labor or
ganisations from its operation. Probably
tbe most Important immediate effect of
the sentences will be to invigorate the agi
tation for the rather radical legislation de
manded by the Federation of Labor on
these topics. From this paint of view the
severity ot the punishment Imposed may
be regretted as adding fuel to the flames
of a propaganda that was in a fair way ot
Spirit of the Accused.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican (ind.).
Mr. Oompers seems even to anticipate
the jail experience with a positive relish,
liko an English suffragette, in the expec
tation ot being a martyr and Increasing
the agitation over the injunction issue.
Mr. Mitchell showed by hla attitude yes
terday In court that he is In full sympathy
with Mr. Gompers. Our courts have not
encountered hitherto such a spirit In this
matter, and how they will meet it Is a
question. At first thought the program of
these labor leaders would seem to be clev
erly conceived for purposes of agitation;
and so long as Jail life for contempt of
court In labor cases Involves no social
ligma for Mr. Mitchell would be Invited
to the White House just as often by Mr.
Roosevelt, no doubt the leaders would
make no very terrible sacrifice In their
fight against Judicial authority In behalf
of the abominable boycott, which In theory
and practice is a twin sister of the abomi
Courts Open to All.
Baltimore Sun (dem.).
If the labor organizations or any labor
lng men have suffered wrong at the hands
of the Buck Stove and Range company the
coutts are open to them, and that Is the
arena where the Issue should be settled.
But the Idea that the courts are to be
Ignored and causes are to be settled by
violence, or by each man doing thctt which
aeema right in his own eyes, is intolerable.
As Judge Wright defines It, the question
at issue in the matter he has just decided
is, which tribunal shall be supreme the
tribunal of the whole people, as repre
sented in the courts of the land, or the
tribunal of a class, as represented In tha
councils of the Federation of Labor? One
or tli other must succumb. The ac
cusation of Judge Wright against the labor
leaders is not only that they have violated
the Injunction of the court, hut that they
have brought about the breach of the stove
company's contracts with others, have de
prived the plaintiff of Its property right
In the good will ot others and hav
restrained trade among the several stetes.
Taking the Risk.
New York. Sun irep.).
We Infer front these portions of the
opinion of Justice Wright which hove been
publiahed that Messrs. Gompers and Mit
chell have taken the ground from the be
ginning that there was no constitutional
power on the part of the court which
granted tha injunction in question to make
sny such order, snd that for this ressjn
they announced their Intention from the
first to' pay no attention to its commands.
This was a perfectly safe and correct
course of eonduct If they were right in
their assumption aa to Ilia power of the
court. If tha Injunction waa granted In
violation, and therefore without any Juris
diction It waa absolutely null and void, snd
it had no more force or rffxct in the view
of the law than a i-li-ca of blan twrer
But the defendants in eaunilng this posi
tion luuk the riik of iia btring cirrU
gtaiJI JSSSlJli-ii JiMBf i!l t
Is desired by all ot us. whether it be in the matter ot
money, valuables or ourselves.
It It is a Question of money, can you do better than
jour money in a bank of the known strength and stability
of the First National Hank of Omaha?
If It Is a question of your valuable?, why not use th
of this bank?
Three hundred new boxes have Just been added to the,
already large equipment. 100 of them rent for u
year each. Larger ones In proportion.
First National Bank of Omaha
Thirteenth and Farnam St.
Safety Dapoalt faults
is on Hth street.
If they proved to be wrong In that respect
their violation of the order constituted a
clear contempt of court and they cannot
reasonably complain because they are
compelled to suffer the consequences of
their own action.
An Vafortanate Decision.
New York World.
Next to actual maintaining of the su
premacy of law and of the courts, nothing
Is of more Importance than keeping public
sentiment in sympathy with such suprem
acy. However fair and Impartial Justice
Wright endeavored to be in dealing with
the defendants, however correct hla con
clusions, however just the sentence, the
fact remains that labor leaders will be
able to cite a hundred words and expres
sions from his decision with which to per
suade their followers that the court waa
prejudiced against all labor unionsi To say
that thla is unfortunate, and doubly un
fortunate at a time when organised effort
is made to cripple the power of the courts,
Is to state it mildly.
THE AMERICAN FIGHTING MAN.
General Bell's Remark on the SI en in
St. Louia Republic.
During his service in Washington Major
General Bell, chief of the army staff, has
evidently acquired false notlona about the
resourcefulness, self-reliance and fighting
qualities of the present-day American man.
It is doubtless true that among tho de
partment clerks and cushion warmers at
the national capltol there are too many
who do not know how to shoot or to taks
care of themselves away from the coddling
warmth of a steam radiator. But even
these fellows learn readily enough to shoot
and they are not Americans 1f they cannot
learn to sleep comfortably under a blanket
on the ground when responding to the
call of military duty.
In the men of no other nation is the
personal Initiative stronger than In the
If the atandlng army of a country like
Germany could Invade the United Slates
by marching across an Imaginary line our
trained army and frontier fortifications
would be far from sufficient. But the
periodic cry that we are In danger of In
vasion from Europe or Japan takea no
account of the natural defense provided by
several thousands of miles of salt water.
If any foreign power should accept Gen
eral Bell's estimate of the weakness of the
American army and the unfitness of the
American civilian for prompt service In
war. It might be 4ed into ruinous mistakes.
A combination of all Europe, using all the
ships It could get Into service, could not
land men along our Atlantic coast faster
than they would be killed or captured by
the men who would Jump forward from
the farms, workshops and counting rooms
to oppose them.
The nucleus of an army we need and will
always keep. Coast fortifications are neces
sary at the aea entrances of our principal
seacoaat cities, more to warn away foreign
Insult than as a protection against serious
menace to the country. Any hostile force
which should land here would. In order
to get away alive, have to retreat to Its
ships as hastily as did General Ross after
burning the capital at Washington In 1814.
The United States need not and will not
depart from their traditional policy of
lighting their wars with the valor of the
One of the current magazines has an
article proving that Poe really wasn't so
much of a writer, while another demon
strates that he was a genlua without peer.
Happily this preserves the average.
California courts have for the second
time within a week sentenced a bomb
thrower to life Imprisonment, and no su
perior court has Interposed a word of ob
jection. Evidently the moral uplift out that
way Is the real thing.
President Roosevelt has promised to at
tend the dinner to be given "Representative
Sherman on January 23 in Washington.
The dinner is to be given by the members
of the New York delegation of this and
the next congress and others.
Mr. Heinle Indignantly denies the cor
rectness of the story about his dinner with
11(H) bills for dinner cards, but his chosen
lady friends are leas close mouthed about
the entertainment. It la their enthusiastic
opinion that F. Augustus ia a very nice
man and truly hospitable.
It will soon be pertinent to remark that
"as the dsys begin to lengthen the cold
begins to strengthen." From the loth to
the 20th of January la statistically the cold
est part of the year, although these dates
sometimes include the January thaw the
name given to any warm spell in that
Ous Helnxe, the copper-lined millionaire
of Montana, manages to forget occasion
ally those annoying New York Indictments.
While in the big town last week ha threw
anxiety about the future to the winds and
some money to the birds. 8ix of tha lat
ter, with stage wings were given a Heinz
luncheon, costing 1100 a plate.
The many admirers of the New York
gun's answer to little Virginia O. Iranian's
question, "Is there a Santa Claus?" will
be Interested In knowing that It was flrat
published In, the Pan of September 21.
U has become a classic of the Christmas
spirit snd waa more widely reprinted this
season than ever before. It was reprlnt-d
In the Bun last Friday, with thla note re
vealing the author: "Complying with many
requests and In sffectlonata remembrance
of Its author. Francis Pharcellua Church,
we reprint an editorial whUU will never
be old r without It strong appeal to every
generoua spirit, to all. who reverence the
fair buinaniiiti of the Imagination."
( I.OVES AND LEMON PEEL KAIL.
Shnkrrionn for Men Who t'onldn't
Hide Smell of Itnoae.
Emporia (Kan.) Guzcttc.
A few days ago many railroad employes
In a Nebraska town stepped up to'tho cap
tain's office to get their pay, for the la
borer s worthy of his hire lit that stale,
as elsewhere. The merry Christmas time
being at hand, the pay envelopes were
doubly welcome, but there were thirty of
the men whose faces became sail and
drawn when they opened their envelopes,
for they found therein notification thut
their services were no Inniscr required.
If they felt as though the bottom had
fallen out of everything, the emotions of
their wives probably were m.ue harrow
ing; for It is a cruel thing to be deprive!
of one's livelihood when the Joy bells are
ringing all over the world.
The poet auys thut men must work, ami
women must weep;-but tlu truth Is Hint
when the men work, tho women lutve little
to weep about; It is when husbands hHVi
nothing for their hands to do, and the flo:ir
In the bin Is low, and the savings arc
dwindling away that the weeping begins,
and no wonder.
Well, these thirty men rnuhln't figure out
why they had been fired. Of' tliey pre
tended that they couldn't; down In their
hearts they probably knew all tilmut It.
To save their faces they wrtit to (lie su
perintendent and asked wllh a great show
of manly Indignation, why they hurl i,rr
cast Into outer darknepK. Ila.l they not
labored diligently? Ilitd they not been
prompt In their comings and goitiKB? Mail
they not wroiiRht as bct they knew how?
And the superintendent lifted up his Voice
and spake unto them, saying: "Som-i
months ago orders rami! from the Main
Squeeze to the effect that all drinking men
ehould be dropped fnun the pay-mli; tie
Main 8queeze irmde tin fine llnlincllnns; It
was a tilunaet order, tlmt covered all forms
and methods of boozcflgliting; It Include I
tho man who visits saloona: the our- re
ceiving auspicious packages hy ores,
tbe one who takes strong- liniment tor .1
hypothetical bellyuche.' You have .ill l.ccu
diligent as you say. Your breaths Imvu
given you away on divers times and :ca
Klona, and even the copious use nf cloves
couldn't protect you from the wrath to
There may be men reading this t i whom
the warning will be useful. The man who
drinks is eut of tho game in Ulnae. HtirrliiK
times, and the working man who lias a
home, and really Invea it, and tlinsn who
live in It and watch for Ills homecomiiiK,
will have none but legitimate buslm-vs it L
the drugstore, and will use cloves and
lemon peel only for culinary purposes.
"Can a woman keep a secret 7"
"Of courae she can. I knew a girl at a
Seaside resort who kept her engagement
a secret for two season, and then married
another man." Cleveland rinln Dealer.
Mr. Highbrow It was Michelet, I be
lieve, who obaerved that "woman in the
salt of man's life."
Miss Keen Quite true! Young men aren't
half so fresh after they get married. Bos
"Do you enjoy the holidays?"
"In some respects. They cimstitute the
only season of the year when I Hm aura of
being able to find a calendar aa soon as
I need one." Washington Htar.
The young man with the ciikmkIiik hiiiIIh
was offering his assistance In preparing Inn
dainties that were to be sold at the church j
"In making these popcorn balls." he
asked, "what is the first thing to do?"
"Wash your hands." . said the practical
young woman who waa overseeing the Jwl.
"When Blinks, poor fellow, wanted e
get married, he certainly had J haul time."
"Because first he had to pop the question,
and then he had to Question the pop."
Washington Star. " 1
"My wife will never buy any -more cigars f
for me." f.
"Why not?" f
"I insisted upon smoking1 nil of the last ,
lot in the house. Koine nf the rooms Mill V
reek with thern." Cleveland Plain Dealer. I
Parson Coleman Whad, Slstah Cook!
All dem fine cloe'a an' only fi' cents foil
de I.awd in de plate las' Hunduy!
SiBtah Cook Yas, person. An' letnmi
tell yo' dat de Lawd am mighty lucky f
git mah fi' cents, seem' rz how An tins f
pay a dollah down an' a dollah a week foil
deae same togs. Puck.
"So your .wife, always l"t you havij the
last word In an aigiimenl?"
"Certainly." answered .Mr. Meckton. "It
is neceaaary for mu 10 have .the asl word,
in order to show that I agree wllh her
perfectly." Washington Shir.
Boss When you told that new clerk he'i
have to hump himself if lie expected to
hld his Job how did he take It?
Department Manager He got his back uy
right away. Chicago Trtbuaa,.
"A case of love at first sty'it. eh!"
"No second sihi, The first lime he m
her he didn't know she was an heiress.'
Fairer skies no land possessed.
How e'er fall- those bkles may
Than arch o'er Nebraska s prliU-s.
L.iae a radiant canopy.
Thnre's a glory In the sunshine.
That o'er spreads Ncbraska'a plains
Which awaken In (lie lieart-ali lugs,
Grateful, glad, inspiring strains.
Af'er-gleHius of golden beauty.
Kru:u the earth to heaven ai
When tho Riorum of the sun-set
Ljglit Nebraska s wetlerii ckn-s.
Stars that stud the Syrian heaven.
Never gave forth lays mope blight.
Than are those which fall so richly
From Nubra'ka's goma of main'.
All this beauty of the lieavns, ,
Hhinrs upon Nebraska's field m.
Till they luuuh 111 boujite..,i Kiuiin
At Urn meaiiu ninth Nut irv j i !.
Ouiaha. i. W. L'UVI,li
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