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OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 21, 1908.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
YOL. XXXVIII NO. 159.
Termo of Thirty-One Members Expire
Fourth Day o'
WARM FIGHTS IN '., STATES
Scramble Begins Promp , Va
cancy by Retirement -r.V
ALL EYES ARE HOW i l "I0
Several Candidates Are Anxious to
Succeed Joseph B. Foraker.
INDIANA DEMOCRATS DIVIDED
John W. Kern, John E. Lamb, Ben
jamin F. Sniveler nnd L. Ert
Shack Are After "eat Now
Held br Hemenway.
WA8J1INGTON, Dec. 20. While ths
terms of thirty-one senators, more than
one-third r f tho entire membership, expire
on March 4 next, eighteen of this number
Already have been re-elected or assured
of re-clcctlon, either through successes In
primary contests or pledges of a majority
of the membership1 of the several state
legislatures charged wtlli the duty of elect
ing senators before the beginning of the
next congress. ,
In addition to the vacancies occurring by
reason of a provision of the constitution
there will be a vacanry In Pennsylvania
on account of the forthcoming resignation
of Senator Knox to accept the portfolio
of secretary of state In the Taft cnblnet.
Thero will bo a scramble between promi
nent republicans of Pennsylvania for Mr.
Knox's seat, which will cause public Inter
est equal to the contest now going on in
Ohio for the seat of Senator Foraker and
In Connecticut for that of Senator Brande
gee. That Secretary Root will be given the
New York sent now held by Senator Piatt
Is believed and a contest Is not expected.
Senator Sore of Re-Election.
The republican senators whose terms ex
pire nt the end of the present congress,
but who ar iun of being returned, are
Cummins of Iowa, now serving out the
unexpired term of the late Senator Allison;
Senator Dillingham of Vermont, Galllnger
of New Hampshire, Heyburn of Idaho,
Hopkins of Illinois, Penrose of Pennsyl
vania, Perkins of California, Smoot of
Vtah and Stephenson of Wisconsin. Demo
cratic senators who will be returned are
Clark of Arkansas, Clay of Georgia, Gore
of Oklahoma, Johnston of Alabama, Mc
Enery of Louisiana, Newlanda of Nevada,
Overman of N rth Chrollna, Sntlth of
1'aryland and 8tone of Missouri.
By reason of defeat In primary contests
Senator Ankeny of Washington will be
succeeded ' by' Representative Wesley I
Jones, - Jlansborough of North Dakota by
M. N. Johnson, Klttredge of South Da
kota by Governor Cos I. Crawford, and
Long of Kansas by Joseph .BrUtow, form
erly fourth -asslstant'postmaster general.
' Peculiar Situation la Oregon.
All of these men are republicans, and in
addition Fulton of Oregon probably will be
succeeded by Governor Chamberlain, dem
ocrat, who was victorious In what la known
as the double primary system of the state.
If pledges made by certain republican
members of the Oregon legislature are kept.
Chamberlain will come to the senate, but
if they are violated as many leading re
publicans of the state are demanding. It la
posslbla, in fact probable, that Fulton
would bo chosen to succeed himself. ' .
Of tho democratic senators whose terms
expire on March 4 Gary of South Carolina
w.ll be succeeded by E. D. Smith, and Mil
ton of Floilda by Duncan U. Fletcher,
both of thj incumbents having declined to
be. candidates for election.
Offsetting the Oregon situation is that of
Kentucky, Former Governor W. O. Brad
ley, republican, having been elected to suo
ctti McCreary, democrat, by reason of the
failure of tile democratic majority In the
Kentucky legislature to agree. Teller of
Colorado will be succeeded by Charles J.
Hughes, who was Indorsed by the demo
cratic state convention after Teller had de
t l.nei to be a candidate for renominatlon.
The legislature Is democratic and Hughes
will bo elected. Contests have narrowed
down to Pennsylvania, Connecticut and
Indiana, In tho latter state a democrat will
be selected to succeed Hemenway, the leg
1latur having been lost by the republi
cans In the recent election.
All Eyes on Ohio,
The ejes of the countiy are on Ohio be
cause of the candidacy of Charles P. Taft,
brother of the president-elect, for the seat
of Foraker, one of the most vigorous and
picturesque characters in the senate and
one who has declined to abandon his pluce
without a fight.
The relationship between Mr. Taft and
the president-elect, and the fact that the
C:nciiuiatian has been prominent In the
councils of tho republican party In Ohio
for many years, are powerful factors In the
contest he is waging for the senatoral toga.
The forces opposed to Mr. Taf t's election,
including as they do Foraker, Representa
tive Burton, who placed Mr. Taft In nomi
nation for the presidency and who haa been
recognised as one of his principal support
ers; Harry M. Daugherty and former
Speaker Kelfer, must be reckoned with,
especially If there should be a combination
effected between the forces led by Senators
Foraker aud Diek and the members of the
legislature friendly to Burton. Without such
an alliance tho Indications are that Mr.
Taft would go Into the lead, but as the
politicians declare they would not be sur
prised to see Foiaker withdraw in favor
of Burton, at the present time the result
must be conceded to be In doubt.
Vacancy a Pennsylvania.
The official announcement that there Is
to bo a vacancy created in Pennsylvania
through the resignation of Knox is of too
recent date to permit of the lining up of
asplranta for the Keystone senatorahlp. Al
ready, however, thero have 'appeared In
the field as probablo candidates Represent
atives James Francis Burke and John Dal
sell, and George T. Oliver, all of Pittsburg.
For many years It lias been the recognised
Policy Jn Pennsylvania to take one senator
from the eastern and one from the western
half of the state. It is likely, therefore,
that others from the cities of western
Pennsylvania will enter the contest before
the forces In the state Una up for the fight.
The fact that Pennsylvania la organised
thoroughly along political lines Indicates
that the contest will prove extremely In
teresting. Several names have been mentioned in
Connecticut connected with the contest for
the seat now occupied by Brandagee and
Representative Hill formally announced his
candidacy some time ago. Tha legislature
(Continued on Second Page.)
CARTAGE REBATES ILLEGAL
Commercial Commission Finds that
Railroads Are Making Improper
Allowances to Seatar Combine.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.-In decision
made public today, the Interstate Com
merce commission declares that allowances
for the transfer of sugar from refineries
to the train" are essentially rebate and
In violation of the law.
T'hls decision was reached by the commis
sion only after several months of conslder-
lHatlon of the matter of allowances
for the transfer of sugar and ito far as
the commission Is concerned, brings to an
end a controversy which has long existed
between the refineries in New York and
those in Philadelphia.
The Investigation of the subject was be
gun by the commission on Its own Inatltlve.
It was disclosed taht the payment as at
present in New York City, of 2 cents rer
100 pounds .to the shippers as cartage was
really in the nature of arebate from the
through rate fixed by the railroads on ship
ments of sugar. The' allowance, or rebates.
In some form or other have been In vogue
since 1 and they range from the present
allowance of 2 cents per 100 pounds to as
high aa i cents per W0 pounds.
KANSAS FARMER MURDERED
Body of Dennis Casey of Povchattan,
Who Disappeared Two Weeks Ago,
Found In Straw Stack.
TOPEKA. Kan., Dec. 20. Dennis Casey,
aged 60 years, a farmer, was found dead
in a straw stack on his farm six miles east
of Powkattan by a searching party of
ne'ghbors Saturday morning. Casey had evi
dently been murdered and the body con
cealed. Two weks ago Casey was at the
home of a neighbor ano" expressed great
fear of David Woods, a negro, when he left
for his own home. This was the last seen
of him alive. His disappearance finally
resulted In the searching party which found
his body today. Marks on the body Indi
cated It had been beaten with knucks or
similar weapons. A coroner's Inquest was
held and the Jury returned a verdict that
Casey had met death by a weapon in he
hands of David Woods. It was learned
that Woods had traded a mule owned by
Casey to a neighboring farmer for a pony
and a check for $35, and had cashed the
check in Oneida. Woods has not been lo
cated, LIFE SENTENCE FOR" INDIAN
Aged Man Who Wantonly Shot Girl
nt Vlnlt, Okl., Convicted of
VINITA, Okl., Dec. 20,-J. T. Scott, aged
70 years, a widely known Indian, Saturday
waa found guilty of the murder of Miss
Myrtle Murray, aged SS years. Scott was
sentenced to life Imprisonment, The caiw
attracted widespread Interest on account
of the prominence of both principals.
The murder was .committed July 13 last.
Scott had warned Miss Murray, who was
a neighbor, to keep off his property. The
shooting occurred while Miss Murray was
walking toward Scott's house to talk with
him. Tho Indian, as he saw the girl ap
proach, stiod In Uis own doorway and fired
a bullet from his rifle into her heart.
Scott at the time of his arrest gave as
a reason for his act that Miss Murray had
killed his famous wolf hound which had
been his boon companion during a number
of his hunts At the trial Insanity was
the plea of the defense.
HEIRS TO IMMENSE"ESTATE
St. Loots Carpenter and Clerk Said
to Have Inharltrd Lnrgre
Amount of Property.
ST. LOUIS, Dec. 20. Arlaone Lyle. a St
Louis carpenter. nd his brother, William
A. Lyle, a railway clerk, were Informed
yesterday that they are part heirs to an
estate in the heart of Wilmington, Del.,
The estate was originally owned by Chris
topher Springer, a eOrman baron, who
came to America, nearly a century ago. He
leased the property to various persons and
died without leaving a will. A. sister of the
baron waa the grandmother of the Lyle
The lease expired last January. Arlzone
Lyle Is 40 years old and has a wife and
three children. His brother Is 38 years old.
Mrs. George M. McCullum, who runs a
candy store in Alton, 111., is also said to Jm
an heir to tho estate.
W. F. STOCKTON IS ACQUITTED
Hot Sprlan-a, S. D., Man Found Not
Guilty of Murder of R. C. Cramer.
HOT SPRINGS, 8. D.. Dec. 20. (Special
Telegram.) After a weeks' trial. William
F. Stockton was acquitted of the charge
of murdering R. C. Cramer in this city
last May. The jury came to an agreement
at S o'clock this morning after being out
twelve hours. Presiding Judge McGee was
awakened and court convened to hear the
declston of the pury which was "not
guilty," and prisoner, who has been closely
confined In the county Jail was Immedi
ately released. The defense set up plea
of Insanity, helf defense and the claim that
with proper medical attention Cramer
need not have died.
County Option Fight Renewed.
HURON. 8. D., Dec. 0.-(BpeclaI.)
Petitions for signatures are being circu
lated by friends of county option, asking
that another proposition on this question
be submitted to the voters at the next
general election. Ot a meeting of the antl
saloon league In Mitchell a few days since,
a number of changes In tha law presented
at the last election waa made, which modi
fies to a considerable extent the proposed
law; the changes making It more readily
understood. It Is necessary that the peti
tions the names of not less than (.000 local
voters of the state and must be ready
before January 1. That this last proposition
Is receiving more favorable consideration.
Is evidenced by the fact that many who
did not favor the last proposition, have
put themselves on record by signing the
Plans for Masonic Temple.
HURON. 8. D.. Dec. 30. (Special.)
Quenchner & Orth, architects, of St. Paul,
have been awarded the contract for plans
for the Masonlo temple to be erected In
thl sclty. The plana will be submitted as
early as possible and during tha winter,
stone and other material for tha erection
of the building will be put upon the
grounds. Aside from furnishings, the cost
of tho building Is estimated at $40,000.
ran. rrt4. him.
NKW YORK ' Olllc.
KEW York.'"'" i k,r WuhlDitoa.
MCW YOHK " ' rstrlela.
NKW YOHK. " Mlwwtufca, '
Liverpool, - Em. or Ij1h...
A VTWEKP tl4.
BUSMEN ., aala.
QUIET SUNDAY FOR TAFT
President-Elect Says No More Ap
pointments Have Been Made.
CABINET GOSSIP FROM CAPITAL
Rumor that Charles Kaa-ca ta to B
Secretary of Commerce and Labor
-Ohio Man for the Treas
AUGUSTA. Oa., Dec. 20. President
elect and Mrs. William H. Taft attended
services today at St. Paul's Episcopal
church. Rev. Dr. Whitney, the pastor,
preached a temperance sermon, us did
all other local ministers here today. The
laxity of enforcing the prohibition luws
of Georgia is given as the cause of the
crusade In Augusta.
Dr. Whitney frankly admitted the law
to be "bad In part, drastic, and In some
respects fanatical; nevertheless," he said,
"It is the law and oughtto be obeyed.
If it Is a bad law, Its rigid enforcement
Is the surest means of getting It repoaled
The president-elect said tonight that ho
was atlll Innocent of being the source
of '"inspired" or "authoritative" cabinet
stories. His cabinet, he said, had ac
cepted no members since the Knox an
nouncement; no offers of position were
pending nor had he made any decisions
with respect to making offers.
That a Taft summer conoly may be es
tablished somewhere on the New England
coast is the hope of the president-elect. He
said he had no Intention of passing the
summer on Long Island; that while no ac
tive endeavors were being made at present
It was the desire of himself and brothers
to find soma place on the New England
coast, which would, as near as possible,
duplicate the very desirable conditions the
family had so long enjoyed during the
summer months at Murray Bay, Canada.
There all of the Taft brothers have cot
tages. If the appropralte place can be
found, and earnest effort to find one will
be made later, the four brothers, William
H., Charles P., Henry W., and Horace D.,
will locate tog-ether that their outdoor ex
ercise may be carried on as lt( has here
tofore. Horace Taft owns a place at Walnscott,
L. I., the president-elect said tonight that
this was not regarded as the desired loca
tion for the plans contemplated, thus con
firming what Horace D. Taft haa said him
self. Washington Cabinet Gossip.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.-Cablnet build
ers within the national capital and those
who have moved to Georgia as a part of
the entourage of President-Elect Taft are
succeeding In placing on the anxious bench
public men in all sections of the country
who have been looked upon aa aspirants
for portfolios or whose qualifications have
been urged by admiring friends.
The announcement of the appointment of
Frank Hitchcock te be postmaster general,
followed by thac ef Senator Philander C.
Knox to be secretary of state, and the
generally accepted report that George W.
Wlckersham of New York Is the choice
of Mr. Taft for attorney general, Indicate!
that the elate Is being made up rapidly
and that an announcement of the entire
cabinet may be expected before long.
From discussion of the cabinet slate
among Mr. Taft's close friends In Wash
ington who would not be likely to Indulge
in Idle gossip concerning It, there seems
to be a reasonable certainty that In addi
tion to those named Secretary Wilson will
contlnuo for a year or more as the head
of the Agricultural department and Secre
tary Garfield will remain in the cabinet,
that Judge Richard A. Balling of Seattle,
Wash., will be given a place, probably
that of secretary of the Interior, that Luke
E. Wright will retire from the cabinet
and will take a post In the diplomatic
service, and that an Ohio man will ba
given the position of secretary of the treas
ury. Missouri MaJi on List.
Within the last few days the name of
Charles Nagel of Missouri has been dis
cussed In connection with the secretaryship
of the Department of Commerce and Labor.
It Is known that at one time Mr. Taft
thought very strongly of naming Nagel as
attorney general, but that later he con
sidered Wlckersham more adaptable to tho
purposes ot that department. He passed,
however, that he would like an able lawyer
to represent the Department of Commerce
and Labor. Republican politicians are urg
ing the claims of Missouri for recognition
and as Judge Nagel plays a prominent part
as a member of the executive committee of
the national committee, the mantle would
fall upon him naturally if a place Is given
to that state.
Other namei heard In connection with that
department are those of William Loeb, Jr.,
secretary to President Roosevelt; Oscar 8.
Straus, who now has a portfolio, and George
a Knight of California. It Is not believed
here, however, that two places will go to
the Paclfto coast.
Ohio Man for Treasury,
Probabl y the most logical place re
maining to be filled is that of secretary
of the treasury. Among the Ohio men
mentioned are former Governor Myron T.
Herrlck and Representative Burton. The
report that there has been a break In
the cordial relations that have existed
between Mr. Burton and Mr. Taft Is not
generally credited by the friends of both
In this city, and in many quarters Mr.
Burton Is still regarded aa a possibility
for the second post of importance la the
For secretary of war Charles Magoon,
now governor of Cuba, Is heard frequently,
but the generally accepted Idea Is that
Mr. Taft has not yet made up his mind
whom to appoint He la said to be look
ing for a man who has made a record as
a business man. William Loeb, jr.. Is
also mentioned for secretary of the navy,
as is also Charles H. Thompson of New
York. There are some close friends of
Mr. Taft also who think that Secretary
Newberry will be retained.
Practically all of the discussion Is mere
speculation, however. This Is proved by
the success Mr. Taft has made in keep
ing quiet for so long the fact that he
wanted Senator Knox above all others to
take a place aa secretary of state.
Call for Omaha Pastor.
MARSH ALLTOWN. Ia.. Dec. 20 (Spe
cial.) Rev. Herbert W. Rehard, moderator
of the Waterloo presbytery, haa called a
special meeting of that body, to be held In
Mason City next Monday. The pastors and
delegates are Invited to be in Mason City
Sunday to attend the dedication of the
new Presbyterian church. Other business
that will come before the presbytery will
be t place In the hands of Rev. T. K
Hunter of Omaha the call from the church
at Nevada and to arrange for his Installa
tion. Letters of admission to pastors who
have left Iowa to Join other presbytery!
will be granted at this meeting.
From the Denver Poet.
MANY DEMANDS FOR M0NE
Large Calls for Funds Financial Fea
ture of the Week.
OUTGO OF GOLD
Rise In Money Rates Prevents Ship
ments to Europe and Attracts
Money to New York from
NEW TORK. 30,-The sharp set
back in prices of stocks which occurred
last week belled the hopes of the specula
tive element which counted on the protec
tion of the market against reaction by the
million rte operator fyP9Ug tbe.hjhXeo
Ing of the 'year-end money market. The
support of prices which has. been rigidly
maintained In the last few months wae
seemingly abandoned at times during the
week and the diminished supply, of re
sources available for borrowing for specu
lative purposes was clearly an element In
the course of conduct. At the same time
some of the week's developments were re
garded as an Index . of an over-sanguine
assumption in the earlier speculation as to
the favorable course of events. The causes
bock of the rising Interest rates for money
were sufficiently obvious. The week's
drain on cash resources alone, what with
the gold shipment the previous Saturday
and the large sums paid into the subtreas
ury on subscriptions to the Panama canal
bonds, was sufficient to wipe out the sur
plus reserve of the banks. At the same
time nearly every day saw an announce
ment of some new bond sale or of some
issue to ba offered for sale In the not dis
Outgo of Gold Checked.
The rise In money rates was affective
first In checking the outgo of gold and
then in attracting some funds from other
centers to the New York money market.
The New York exchange rate at Chicago
advanced to a premium in the process of
remittance. These sources of relief while
calculated to supply requirements ot syndi
cates or mercantile borrowers are not as
sured a resource for stock market borrow
ers. There were developments to show also
that along with the refunding of short time
obligations of the great corporations put
out at high interest rates during the period
of actual stress, there are some maturities
falling due of a more perennial mature for
which provision Is sought In a quieter way
but not without effect on the money mar
ket, and also It Is possible on the stock
market. In the longer view of the money
market also the conviction Is not so strong
that some ease of money wtll'oome prompt
ly after the turn of the year.
Enormous capital Issues, amounting to
$23,000,000, await that season for floatation,
Russian loan in Paris and railroad bor
rowings here being included.- Intimations
comes from London that the Bank ot Eng
land will begin a policy of gold accumula
tion with the new year to bring Its holdings
In line with the great Increases in the gov
ernment banks on the continent ot Europe.
Many Calls for Gold. 1
In New York the amendments made lust
year to the banking laws provide that the
full reqlurements on the trust companies ot
16 per cent of deposits to be held In cash
In their vaults shall go into force on Feb
ruary 1. Since July I last these companies
have held 10 per cent of reserve, and It is
estlmaetd that the increase of S per cent
will call for something like $4&,000,000. It
Is expected that the accumulation of this
considerable sum will begin soon after the
first of the year. The possibility Is thus
presented that the great abundance of
money looked for after the first ot Janu
ary may have been anticipated from co
many ' quarters that the demands upon It
may outrun the actual supply, or greatly
modify Its effect on the rate ot interest.
Both In the field of industry and of poll
tics some of last week's occurrences were
looked upon as showing that opinion in the
financial district had been overrunning the
vent. The progress of hearings on the
tariff revision before the waya and means
committee of the house at Washington in
dicates a widening scope and deeper con
sequence to from from the course to be
taken by that work. The attitude of the
president-elect on that subject, as discussed
in his public utterances, are taken to fore
shadow his sympathy with this tendency.
Mr. Taft's views on the Sherman anti
trust law also remove some assumptions as
to the Immunity likely to be enjoyed by
Continued on Second Page.)
Poor Boy! His Brain Won't Work
i Tr,NK OP THING J
fX V CHRISTMAS J
MAJOR 0. JSMITH DEAD
Founder of American Press Associa
tion Passes Away at Home
Near New York.
DOBB'B FERRY, N. Y Dec. SO. Major
Orlando Jay Smith, president and general
manager of the American Press associa
tion, died at 6:07 o'clock this evening at
his home on the Hudson. He has been ill
since September, at which time he was
operated upon for cancer of the stomach.
Through his long Illness he retained his In
terest in dally events. He was attended
by Dr. Waller B. James, Dr. Blake and
Major Smith was born June 14, 1S42, on a
farm near Terre Haute, Ind., of Vermont
ancestry. His father, Hiram Smith, was
one of Indiana's pioneers. He sent his son
to the public schools and later to Aabury
liege, now Depauw university. In later
years the university conferred on its dls
nhgulshefl!rtmflUx the ' degree of LL; D.
At the outbreak of the civil war Major
Smith enlisted. He served until the end of
the war in the armies of the Potomac,
Ohio and Cumberland, rising to the rank
ot major In the Sixth Indiana cavalry. He
was wounded near Atlanta, Ga.', and was
taken prisoner. After confinement in a
confederate prison at Augusta, Ga., Major
Smith was exchanged and rejoined his
regiment. He was a member of the Loyal
Legion. After tne war Major Smith en
gaged for three years In cotton planting at
Enterprise, Miss. Major Smith began his
Journallstlo career at Terre Haute, Ind., as
editor of the Terre Haute Mall. Later he
acquired the Terre Haute Express. In 1878
he removed the latter newspaper to Chi
cago, conlnulng Its publication as the Chi
cago Express. In 1882 he founded in Chi
cago the American Press association, the
monument to his fame. Later the main of
fices of the American Press association
were removed to New York, where they re
main. . The association has branch offices
throughout the country, serving thousands
of newspapers. In all the association's
work he was the head and front and mov
Major Smith possessed the broadest of
minds. He was keenly interested in life
and Its problems In all their manifold
phases. He found relaxation from material
cares In the study and exposition of re
ligion and philosophy and economics. He
embodied his views In several volumes,
which have received serious attention from
the world's thinkers. The most prominent
of Major Smith's books are "A Short View
ot Great Questions," "The Coming Democ
racy," "Eeternallsm," "Balance" and
"Agreement Between Science and Reli
gion." Major Smith is survived by a widow, two
daughters and a son. The last named,
Courtland Smith, Is vice president and as
sistant general manager ot the American
"EVERYTHING" IN NO MORE
Colonel Al Fnlrbrother Will Take
Rest and Leave Successful
The Charlotte (N. C.) Observer dispenses
the startling and unique information that
Colonel Al Falrbrother, editor and pub
lisher of "Everything," has discontinued
the publication of that paper with the Issue
of December 16. The magasine waa In a
class by Itself, a handsome bi-weekly of
sixteen pages, and every line of It read
able. Ordinarily a newspaper "suspends"
for financial reasons. In Colonel Fair
brother's case there is a remarkable ex
ception. So far from "Everything" being
a financial failure, It was a money maker
and a big financial success. So great a
success was It that Colonel Falrbrother
having acquired a competency, haa de
cided to go out of the publishing and edi
torial business and take a rest.
Possibly Colonel Falrbrother will expend
few ot his surplus ducats In visiting his
old Nebraska friends, for it was In Ne
braska that Colonel Falrbrother first got
his start in the newspaper business and
he is known from the Colorado line to the
Missouri, and from the Bad Lands to the
Republican as a prince ot good fellows.
BOY DIES TO SAVE HIS DOG
Ten-Year-Old I.ad nt Hartford, Conn.,
Killed While Trying to
HARTFORD, Conn., Dec . Daniel Mar.
shall, 10 years old, gave his life today to
save that of his dog. The animal had run
onto the tracks of the New York, New
Haven Jk Hartford railroad and a train
was bearing down on It, when the boy ran
to save It and was struck by the train. The
dog escaped Injury.
REPORT ON INSULAR AFFAIRS
Brigadier General Edwards Com
mends Work of Philippine Scouts.
BIG FACTOR IN EDUCATION
They Are Aldlna- In the Creation of
a. lilarher Standard of Living-
Free Trade with Vnlted
WASHINGTON, Dec. 20.-The Philippine
scouts are highly commended, the bill to
amend the Philippine tariff act now pend
ing In the senate Is Indorsed, encouraging
progress In the Philippines, and the main
tenance of peace and order In Cuba
throughout the year are announced In tho
annual report of Ilrlgadler-General Clar
ence R. Edwards, chief of the bureau ot
Insular affairs, which was made public to
night. General Edwards says the Philip
pine scouts are an important factor In the
education of the Filipino people and In the
creation of a higher standard of living in
the islands as well as In the extension of
American Influence. The report recounts
tho settlement of the Catholic church
claims, and refers to the bill which passed
the house at the last session but was still
pending in the senate before committee
when congress adjourned, to' provide entry
Into the United Slates of Philippine prod
ucts and free entry of Untied States prod
ucts Into the Philippine Islands and free
trade between the United States and the
hlllpplnes without exceptions after April
11, 1900. The report says the friends of
the measure are entirely agreeable to the
inclusion of a clause limiting Philippine
sugar to be admitted under its provision to
400,000 tons annually.
Plan Meets Approval.
This the sugar people admit would be
sufficient to restore some of the former
prosperity to the sugar interests In the
Islands Jk. production of the present duties
on tobacco, the report suggests, would af
ford the moral encouragement of which
producers in the islands now stand so seri
ously In need. The other principal prod
ucts In the Philippine Islands, hemp, copra
and rice, have the advantages over sugar
of not requiring such enormous capital for
development and of not entering Into com
petition with Interests ot this country.
The excess of Insular expenditures over
revenues during the lust fisri.l year was
(570,624. and the excess cf receipts ovei
expenditures In the city of Manilla was
$33,367. The work of .the Philippine stu
dents in this country has been on an
average very good and In one or two cases
of an exceptionally high order. The value
of the movement as a whole to the Philip
pine government and people, says General
Edwards, must still be Uft to the future
to Clsclose, but every sign points to Its
Kxpenses In Cuba.
The expenditures ct the Republic of Cuba
on account of American Intervention from
October 1, 1906, to June 30 last were $757,313.
these expenditures being made from funds
allotted by the provisional government
from time to time for army expenditures
due directly to the army service in Cuba.
The statement of extraordinary expendi
tures on aocount of the army of pacifica
tion In Cuba which under congressional
legislation are to be reimbursed from the
Cuban treasury, Bhows a total ot $5,311.8:2,
of which, $3,378,736 was from October 1. liKKs
to June 30, 1W7, and the balance from then
until June 30 last,
The settlement of the Dominican d.;bt
the steadily widening activities In the
Philippines and the administrative control
of Cuba continuing to bring up Important
questions of law, making the demand upon
the law officer of the bureau, constant
and serious legislation for retirement o.'
certain civil employes of the Philippine
gcvernment on part pay, after ten or more
years of satisfactory service, are among
other matters discussed.
Mlsslnsr Man at Lincoln.
SIOUX FALLS, 8. D., Dec. 3D. (Special.)
The mystery surrounding the where
abouts of Tom Smith, a horse thleC who
two or three months ago made his escape
from the Hutchinson county Jail at Olivet
has been solved by the finding of tha miss
ing man at Lincoln, Neb., where he was
found on the streets In a demented con
dition. The authorities of - Hutchinson
county, who ever since his escape' had
prosecuted a vigorous search for the miss
ing man, have been advised that the fugi
tive's mental condition was such that It
was found necessary to take him before
the Board of Insanity at Lincoln, which
ordered that he be sent to the State hos
pital for U Insane
Builder and Buildings of Corn Expo.
sition Tass Away Tog-ether.
W. E. FTNDLEY, ARCHITECT, DIES
Walls of Spacious Structures Are Soon
Reduced to Wreck.
PLANS FOR NEXT SHOW START
Preparations Contemplate Bigrg-er and
Better Exhibition in 1809.
MUCH DETAIL IN CLOSING UP
Clerks and Department Heads Are
Busy Sendlusr Out Orders for
Premiums to the Success
As the walls of Jericho fel 1st the blast
of a ram's horn, so the National Corn ex
position fell Sunday morning at the sound
of the sledge hammer, and by evening It
was practically a wreck, while as a strange
coincidence to its close W. F. FlnriUv s.
draughtsman In Architect John McDonald's
office, who designed the buildings, died at
ins home as the buildings he had designed
were fast disappearing.
Soon after the gates closed Saturday
night the work of removing the exposition
buildings began, the exhibitors packed all
night and all day Sunday; almost every
concession disappeared before I o'clock
Sunday night, and the Interior which was
so gay and the great buildings throbbing
with life before midnight, were a desolate
sight before daybreak. It was like the tran
sition which takes placo when the first
chill frost changes the scene and season
from summer to fall.
The force of clerks In the .entry and
award department are at work constantly
mailing orders for premiums for exhibitors
who did not wait for the finish or could not
attend to the exposition, and the affairs of
the big show will be In good shape within
a short time. There are still somo awards'
to bo decided. These are tho first pre'
mlums 1n some of the wheat classes, and
the winners may not be known for several
The exposition management will maintain
an office on tho grounds for a day or two
and then probably return to the uptown
office in tho Bee building, where the busi
ness of the exposition will be settled.
Plans for Next Year.
The executive committee will meet within
a day or two and look over the work. It
probably will be lato In January before a
meeting Is held to consider the first steps
for organizing an exposition for next year,
which they expect to do.
The management Is no wsutlsfled that a
National Corn exposition will attract peo
ple from all parts of this country and even
from continents beyond. The people of the
west appreciated the Natjohal Corn expo-"
sltlon for they came regardless of the fact
that the railroads failed to give reduced
rates to Omaha after many of them made
definite promises of the rates and even
authorized the announcement at onu time
that exposition would be given tha samo '
fair treatment as the state and Interstate
fairs. Coming as It did immediately follow
ing the International Livestock exposition
held In Chicago and to which rates were
made, the National Corn exposition was so
much larger and of so much more general
Interest iluit the people paid their full fare
to sea the Omaha show.
Many of thosu who were connected with
the exposition have left for their homes,
Including the professors from the agricul
tural colleges, who hastened to get to their
homes for the holidays. Eugene D Funk,
president of the National Corn association,
left for his home when the exposition
closed. Mr. Funk had received word from
Mrs. Funk Friday morning that one ot
his children woe 111, dangerously so. For
a while he contemplated going, but finally
said, "I'll stay In the harness, the child
Is in good hands." And he remained to
see the work of the exposition completed.
nomlnsues Will Blslt.
Zeferlno Domlngues, the Mexican, left
last evenlnK for Ames, where he will spend
a day with Prof. P. G. Holden and tho
professors at the Iowa Agricultural college.
From there he will go to Mollne, III., for
a day or two, then back to Omaha to spend
Christmas. Immediately after Christmas
he will go to Bloomlngton to be the guest
of Mr. Funk for a time, where he will go
over all the Funk farms, which comprUe
some 28,000 acres, all belonging to Mr. Funk
and his brothers.
Before leaving last evening Senor Domln
gues sent the Mexican rxhlblt of corn to
the management of the exposition with
the wish that it be held as a permanent
"I will bring each year," he said, "typea
of the corn grown In all the states of
Mexico, and we will see If it improves.
We cannot tell yet how much good this
exposition has done, but ten years from
now we Mexicans will show how much
good It has done us."
The following Is tho letter which Mr.
Domlngues sent with the exhibit:
T. F. Sturgess, Secretary National firn
Exposition, Omaha: My Dear Sir I brought
to the expoHlilon a collection of corn in
the ear, representing the types produced In
the Ht-publtc of Mexico. Tills represent,
in my opinion, the average production of
eacli statu and to every ear is attached J
tag whli-h shows the amount of precipita
tion and the frequency of the same, as
well as the average temperature in the
locality during the t.me of growing.
Nobody can appreciate the werk that haa
been aecompllulied In rraklng it posxiliU
to secure tills collection of corn than this
Institution and the thought occurred to me
to domite it to you in order that ycu may
huve the most effective statistic of the
torn produced In the sinter southern Re
public of Mexico. 1 think that the time,
work and money spent to produce this
collection is hiKhly repaid by what I havo
received from this biar enterprise, the Na
tional Corn exposition, and In what . it
promises for the future of my country and
your country, and hope that it will be a
permanent exposition and the samples
which I give you will always show what
Mexico produces. Understand we, produce
these types of corn with the primitive
plow which I have shown vou; with dis
advantages In obtaining seed, and we can
do much better you can appreciate how
much, when you know that wo have Hula
or no modern machinery.
Please accept this collection with my
highest personal regard. Cordially vouis.
Among friends, who Included President
Funk. G. W. Wattles, Hume Miller and the
newspaper men, the Mexican planter dis
tributed other articles In his collection and
expressed hlmtrlf as thoroughly satisfied
with the exposition and delighted with the
treatment received in Omaha.
Miss Besack announced Mildred dwell '
of Springfield as the winner of the Bir
mingham steel range for the best wheat
bread, and Mlsa Haiel Carson of Wahou
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