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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 7, 1908)
TIIE OMAIIA . DAILY
BEE: MONDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1908.
The Omaiia Daily Bee.
founded bt edward uoritwatkr.
VICTOR ROSBWATER, EDITOR.
Filtered at Omaha poetofflc a eoon4
olaa matter. .
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STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of N'brnska, Doug-las County, ss. :
George B. Tsachurk, treasurer of The
Bee Publishing company, being duly sworn,
says that the actual number of full and
complete copies of The Dally, Morning,
Evening and Sunday Bee printed during the
month of November, 1908, was as follows:
Less unsold and returned copies. 11,187
Net total.. 1,150,103
Dally average 38,338
GEORQ3 B. TZSCHUCK,
Subscribed In my presence and worn to
ueiore me mis 1st aay oi iMcemoer, ioa.
Seal) M. P. WALKER,
WHEW OCT OF TOWlf.
Sanscrit leafing; tke alts- teas
porarlly shoald hare The Be
walled ta tkem. Allreu will h
cbiaged as oftea as roqaeatoo.
Public Printer Lech tailed to stick
to hlB job.
The country has congress on
hands again. .
Incidentally, there are twenty-five
more days of leap year.
ine democracy is in debt," says
Chairman Mack. It is also short on
,"How Ions can the . voters be
driven?'' demand Mr. Bryan. Who ia
Local traffic officials are reaching
out for a club, but It la to be a social
club for their own use.
Carrie Nation proposes to spend the
winter In : Bootland. "' This will cer
talnly make the Scotch hot.
"Will the kaiser keep his' word?
asks the London Times. He is keep
ing his word and his words.
Mr. Taft says be has not decided on
a single man for his cabinet. Has he
decided on any married men?
The Inventor of the cobless corn is
entitled to praise, but glory awaits
the inventor of the acheless corn.
It Is now declared that Paul Revere
was a myth.. On th contrary, h was
th founder of the American Society
of Rough IMders. ,
The Washington Post says "a new
era Ss dawning In Ireland." That new
era has been dawning In Ireland for
about 600 years.
. Castro Is to have an operation per
formed for stomach - troubles. He
seems to b In need of an operation
for swelled head. ,
FriUl Soheff ha postponed her
marriage uatil after Christmas. Evi
dently Frltzl does not propose to have
her holiday spoiled.
; A wealthy New York girl is said
to be engaged to marry a Chines
prince. She might have don worse
by getting on of th French variety.
Senator Piatt says he would be glad
to have Mr. Roosevelt succeed him.
The rest of th country will be glad
to have almost anyone succeed him.
Th retirement of Senator Piatt
tnay be a hard blow. to the express
combine, but their loss .will be the
Texas is now- boasting about .the
slz of it corn crop, Texas has just
discovered that corn is measured by
bushels instead of by quarts and gal
lon. ' !
Mr. Carnegie says he got his first
fl.000 by saving It Mr. Rockefeller
got his first $1,000 by borrowing It.
Both plans ar dlffloult of accomplish
ment. The democratic statesmen are hav
ing their troubles in trying to arrange
In advance for th organisation of the
legislature. A few new Jobs wilp-hav
to be mad if all the patriots ar to
be cared for.
. Th boom in th clearing house
statement belles the pesslmlstlo asser
tions that busin ia not good In this
country, and th reports from th
Omaha banks show that tho Gat City
business tnen. ar sharing in the gen
oral activity. Prosperity ia surely on
its way, if it has not already returned.
THE SHORT 8E8SI0N OF CONGRESS.
By reason of the somewhat awk
ward provisions of the federal consti
tution filing the time for the terms
of congress, the body that meets at
Washington today will have really lit
tle, If anything, to do with the ques
tions over which the American elec
torate became bo excited only few
weeks ago. The pledges of the Chi
cago platform and the plans of the
officers elected In November concern
directly only th congress that would,
under ordinary circumstances, meet
next December. This arrangement
was made by the framera of the con
stitution to meet the conditions of
those times, when, owing to, a lack
of communication advantages, the re
sults of the elections were not known
for months and it required other
months for the new members to reach
the national capital. As a result of
the plan then adopted, the newly
elected members of congress, with
their credentials fresh from the
voters, have no voice in the nation's
legislation for more than a year after
Mr. Taft has, however, announced
his intention to call a special session
of the new congress soon after March
4. 1909, thus paving th way for early
action on some of the issues which
were decided upon by the last con
test. The special session, it is now
understood, will be devoted entirely to
the consideration of the tariff.
The congress that convenes today
will necessarily devote most of Its
time to unfinished business of the last
session. If the uaual plan is followed,
congress will spend a couple of weeks,
at most, in preliminary work and then
adjourn to until after the holidays.
The great money-carrying measures
for the maintenance of the Army,
Navy, Judiciary and other depart
ments of the government will demand
most of the time of the session and
little may be expected in the way of
new legislation. The postal savings
bank bill is pending and may be
adopted at this session. It Is possible
that some effort may be made for
amendments to the currency laws, de
pending upon the report to be made
by the monetary commission, - which
was appointed last winter with In
structions to make a report to the
present session of congress. Some
sentiment exists in favor of admitting
New Mexico and Arizona to statehood
at the present session, but the present
congress Is not pledged to that action
and the matter may go over until the
December session of the next congress
Altogether, the outlook is for a tame
and rather profitless session of the na
tional congress which goes out of ex
istence at noon of March 4, 1809.
THE GRAND JURY REPORT.
The archives of the -Douglas county
courts contain a number of grand jury
teports, but none that compare in vol
ume or text to the ope just filed. This
one la especially remarkable for its
confession of incapacity on part of
the inquisitorial body that terminated
a two months' Bitting on Friday morn
Ing. It comes at a time that la pe
culiarly Inappropriate, too. Just when
Omaha Is trying to put its best foot
forward and la preparing to receive
a large number of visitors from
abroad, brought hither on invitation,
comes this grand jury and solemnly
assures the world that all sorts of
moral and official iniquity exists in
Omaha and South Omaha, and that
J the authorities are not only not doing
their duty, but are actually cognizant
of and complacently enduring the
dreadful conditions complained of by
the grand jury.
If these things are true,- why did
not the grand jury present some of
the offenders to the 'court? Sweeping
charges of misconduct are alleged
against the officials of Omaha. If the
grand Jury had before it evidence to
support these charges, why were not
true bills found against the guilty
parties?" Are all the - officials of
Omaha corrupt and inefficient, or only
a few? And, if a few, why are the
rest made to support the stigma that
la cast generally under- the allegation
that "certain" officials are derelict?
Why not name th guilty and exoner.
ate the innocent? What is true of
Omaha applies to South Omaha in this
regard.- If th grand jury had before
it evidence to warrant th charges
made in its report it should have re
turned indictments; if the evidence is
not sufficient to support an indictment
against a guilty man it ought not to b
used to indict by Innuendo all the offi
cials, guilty and innocent alike.
No fault will be found with the
recommendations made by the grand
jury, so far as they tend to the furth
erance of good order and proper gov
ernment of th two cities, in this all
citizens will join, but the grand jury
was Inefficient in one of two direc
tions. It should have returned true
bills against the offenders, or it should
not have thrown a cloud of suspicion
over all. A whitewash is bad at any
time, but such a splotch of hlackwash,
generally splattered, ia worse than a
whitewash could possibly be. A
grand jury la supposed to clear th at
mosphere of a community, morally
speaking, but this one has really be
fogged th air.
TWO CENTS TO GERMANY. '
By the terms of a recent postal
agreement, negotiated between this
nation and Germany, on and after
January 1 letters can be sent to Ger
many for a 2-cent stamp Instead of
th 6-cent stamp heretofore required,
Th new arrangement was made at
th request of th German postal offi
cials, who discovered that hundreds of
German firms wer sending their mall
to England by freight to have it
posted under th I -cent rat recently
established between th United States
and Great Britain.
While the reduced rat on letters
between the United States and Great
Britain has been In force but a few
weeks, the postal officials of both
countries report a marked Increase in
the quantity of letter mail carried, as
suring a revenue that will be much
larger than that obtained under the
old 6-cent rate. It is certain now that
all of the countries in the Interna
tional Postal union will soon come in
on the 2-cent basis.
THE PROGRESS AT PANAMA.
Tho report of the Isthmian Canal
commission for th last fiscal year
contains a most comprehensive show-
ng of the progress that Has been
made upon construction of the great
interoceanlc waterway and an outline
of the work yet to be done and the
engineering problems to b consid
ered. While the report was written
before the recent settling of some
parts of the Gatun dam, the details
of that enterprise appear to prove that
most of the alarm occasioned by re
cent reports was much exaggerated,
and the engineers expreea perfect con
fidence in their ability to establish
absolutely firm foundations tor the
dam and locks.
According to the report, the amount
of material removed during the year
Includes 12,065,138 cubic yards In
the Culebra division, 7,774,124 in the
Chagres division, 5,087,623 in the
Colon dredging division and 5,273,369
In the La Boca dredging division, The
motive power and machinery division
erected shops in Gorgona, Empire and
Paraiso, and a large amount of work
was done in repairs and building new
equipment, Including the installation
of three automatic fire alarm tele
graph systems and 13,365 slxteen-can-
die power electric lights. The sum of
$5,645,622 was expended by this
division. The work of the municipal
engineering division consisted of the
completion of the waterworks, sewer
age system and paving in Panama and
Colon, the cost of which is to be re
imbursed to the United States through
the collection of water rates in those
cities, and of the construction of
waterworks and sewerage system, pav
ing, grading and roadmaklng in the
canal zone. The total cost of this
work was $1,067,160.
The division of materials and sup
plies received during the year material
valued at $11,607,094 and disbursed
material to the value of $11,685,153.
The report on labor shows that while
the skilled force decreased during the
year, there were almost as many new
employes as In the preceding year, the
force being practically renewed every
year. The commission has been unable
to get a sufficient force of white work
men and during the year 4,550' West
Indians and 3,650 Europeans were Im
ported for the work. The immigra
tion exceeded emigration by more than
18,000, so the commission considers
the labor question solved.
Apparently there is nothing needed
now but time and money for the com
pletlon of the great project The
millions that were spent by this gov
ernment in Improving the sanitary
conditions on the zone are bearing
fruit, which proves that the Invest
ment was most wise. The death rate,
In spite of the mixed condition of the
workmen, is less than that In the
average American city and there is
comparatively little sickness. The en
glneerB do not commit themselves to
predictions, hut leave the Inference
that the canal will be completed and
ready for use within five or six years.
CHARITY AND THE BREAD LINE.
Terrence V. Powderly, an official of
the immigration bureau at Washing
ton and former head of the Knights
of Labor, has been making'an Invest!
gatlon into the conditions of the un
employed in New York, from which he
reports some very interesting conclu
slons, asserting that more harm than
good comes from dispensing charity
through the "bread lines" In the large
cities. He spent several weeks among
tne unemployed, took his place in the
"bread line" every morning, talked
with hundreds of men who were wait
ing for their rations and unbesltat
lngly declares that a majority of them
were "bums and loafers who seldom
did an honest day's work and would
not . accept employment' when offered
Statistics furnished by the charity
organizations of New York City bear
out Mr. Powderly's statements' in the
main. These reports show that last
winter when It was reported that
many thousands of deserving men
were out of employment in the city,
work was offered to thousands of
them and that less than 10 per cent
of the employment offered was ac
cepted by those who were the constant
recipienta of charity. Mr. Powderly,
in suggesting the method of dealing
with the unemployed, says: -
They are a hard lot, roost of them. Borne
wouldn't take work if you offered it to
tham. I would drive them all out and give
them something to do If I had my way
The "bread line" problem. In a
more or less modified form, exists in
all cities at all times, and Is always
more acute at this season of the year,
when the opportunities for employ
ment are lessened and the disposition
for giving charity and aid enlarged.
It Is the always-old, ever-new question
of giving aid to the needy and with
holding it from the undeserving. It is
doubtless true that among the unem
ployed in all large cities are many
men who ar drones when times are
good, first to claim charity in hard
times and unwilling to work at any
time. If they conld be identified
easily, the problem of giving would
be. greatly simplified. But among the
unemployed and th applicants for aid
are always many deserving persons
from whom th withholding of aid
would be a little short of brutal. Th
question brings up the old problem of
th methods that ahould b employed
In the distribution of charity. It so
ciety could be so organized that work
could be provided for those able to
work, with the understanding that if
they refused to help themselves no
help would be extended to them, the
charity question would disappear. As
that can not bt done readily, the pres
ent plan of feeding and aiding th
undeserving rather than let the de
serving suffer will probably be con
THE DEMOCRATIC PRESS.
Five Chicago democrats have
agreed, it is announced, to Invest
250,000 in the establishment of a
democratic dally newspaper in Chi
cago, explaining that the success of
the party in Chicago and Illinois In
th future depends upon the possession
of a strong newspaper organ in the
city by the lakes.
Aside from the fact, that the amount
to be invested by these gentlemen
would not last more than a few weeks
In the making of a newspaper against
the competition of th atrongly-eBtab-
llshed newspapers now in Chicago, it
will be necessary for them to make it
plain Just what kind of a democratic
paper they intend to start before they
can receive much encouragement.
Will it be a Bryan democratic paper,
or a Johnson democratic paper, or a
Harmon democratic paper, or a Roger
Sullivan democratic paper? The New
York World is a democratic paper,
but it refused to support Mr. Bryan.
The Brooklyn Eagle Is a democratic
paper, but it bolted Bryan the day he
was nominated. Scores and scores of
so-called 'democratio papers are pub
lished In the east, but very few of
them will support the democratic
party under the Bryan leadership.
Even th rock-ribbed democratio pa
pers of the south are making it plain
that they will no longer submit to the
domination of Bryanism.
The Chicago Chronicle, one of the
ablest papers ever printed in Chicago,
was democratic, but It starved to
death. There is no tangible evidence
that a democratic paper Is wanted In
Chicago. Which again brings up the
question ' of the New York World,
"What Is a democrat?"
Heads of the several state Institu
tions are making reports to the gov
ernor, which show an excellent condi
tion In the management of the Ne
braska public charities. No complaint
of extravagance can be laid against
the republicans In this regard in face
of the steadily decreasing per capita
cost The economies have been ef
fected not at the expense of efficiency
or the unfortunate Inmates, but by
prudent business management This
is the greatest reason why Governor
Shallenberger should be careful in
making any changes.'
Nebraska's state house has been out
of date for a long time, and is now
crowded to its utmost. This forces
the question to the front and the in
coming democratio ' legislature Will
very likely be asked to take the initial
stepB toward providing Nebraska with
a suitable capitol building. The dem
ocrats may not welcome the Intrusion
of. this issue at the present time, but
the needs of th state business de
The grand jury fired a blanket
charge and almost everybody In eight
was spattered a little. This will be
the justification when the county
comes to pay the bills. If some of
these grand juries would hand in in
dictments instead of innuendoes the
public might feel a little more kindly
The N'A York Herald has pre
sented a mass of testimony to prove
that the Chinese are in favor of an
alliance with the United States. Noth
ing has been offered to prove that the
United States favors it.
The primary elections for the se
lection of aldermanlc candidates in
Chicago will he held on Washington's
birthday. The hatchet is always in
evidence In the Chicago city elections.
Physicians insist that crawling is a
healthful exercise. Those not caring
for that exercise are recommended to
patronize the Harney car line as
"something equally as good.".
Mr. Archbold has furnished a list
i of the by-products of the Standard Oil
company, without naming any mem
bers of congress who have been sup
posed to belong in that list.
"There is a remedy for every cas
of grouch," says the optimistic Hous
ton Post Prove tt, if you can, by
curing the New Tork Sun and the In
The French government has de
cided that it will not recognize Castro.
That Is a -little surprising, as Castro
la known to be traveling with a
Attention is called to the fact that
The Be and the World-Herald are for
once in substantial accord. They
agree in the main as to the report f
the grand jury.
"American women appear to be suf
fering from a strange nervous afflic
tion," says a New Tork physician. It
Is Just Chrlstmasshopplngltls, which la
The Woman's Christian association
picked the proper season for asking
donations for the Old People's home,
and the public apparently enjoyed
playing Santa Claus.
A Dleaarvaeahla Thlak.
One million failuiaV in - twelve million
marriages Is th record for the last twenty
year. Think It over think It over. One In
THREAT POLITIC!. COMMENT.
Esteaalaaj the Merit System to Foarth
Washington Ilersld (Ind).
Provident Roowerelt, by adding over 11.000
leurth class poslmasti rs to the clssslfled
civil service, has struck a severe Mow at
hat remains ct the tpotls system, Th.it
tho whole number of fourth class post
masters will be ultimately placed under the
same classification seems certain unless
ecrgrrsa shall Interpose objection to losing
this form of patronage. When Mr. Roose
vlt recommended In Ms last annual mes
sage the action he has just taken, his pro
posal met with much congressional opposi
tion, and a bill Introduced to. carry It Into
effect was given no consideration. The
president has now taken the mstter Into
his own hands, as be had power to do,
doubtless with a lively anticipation of th
stcrm of opposition likely to arise from the
spoilsmen. Yet he will have the support
of the postmasters themselves, who in theit
varloua organisations have favored the ac
tion Just taken, and of the National Civil
Service Roform league. Nor should It be
taken for granted that members of congress
will unanimously oppose any reduction In
the amount of patronage at their disposal,
for a number of them would be glad to gel
rid of the annoyance of settling contro
versies over minor appointments.
Independent Newspapers auad Bryaa.
New Tork Evening Poet (Ind.). .
In his latest analysis of the causes of Ms
defeat Mr. Bryan finds that the republicans
had most of the large metropolitan news
papers on their side. Apparently, they off
set th great Influenoe of the Commoner
and tho Btaata-Zeitung, with the half
hearted support of the World. But If Mr,
wry an would only take time to think a
little more deeply about this press situa
tion, he might perhaps recall that in 17
and 1884, and In the later Cleveland cam
paigns, the pick of the Independent press
crcUally supprted tho democratio tcket
No president ever had better or more In
fluential American newspapers behind him
than Grover Cleveland. But ever sine the
appearanoa of Mr. Bryan, this nswspaper
support has generally gonq to the repub
licans. Why, Mr. Bryan should ask him
self, did newspapers like the Times, the
Evening Post, the Springfield Republican
the Baltimore Sun, and a host of others of
this type refuse to support the democratic
party in 1908? The answer is the same that
must be given when anybody examines
frankly the causes of the democratic d
feat: Because Mr. Bryan was the candi
date. So long aa he is at the head of the
party It will regula ly be defeated, and will
as regularly repel the valuable newspaper
support it could regain by choosing a stab'e,
trustworthy and statesmanlike leader.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican (Ind.)
It has been repeatedly said of Governor
Hughes that he made the only speeches on
the republican stump during the presiden
tial campaign that were worth reading.
There will be corresponding interest in
what the governor of New York state has
to say after election. In addressing the
Republican club of New Tork City he
struck at the heart of the situation as it
followed the November election, as fol
lows: "Our danger lies in our great success and
In the disorganisation of the opposition.
Our chief danger lies In the fact that w
have been given such a strong endorse
ment that we may forget the promises
that we made. We, as republicans, devoted
to the, success of the party and anxious
that It should have a greatly enlarged
prestige of accomplishment, must hold
every man. a traitor - to the party who
stand in the way of the party doing what
It promised the people It would do In the
Plenty of light-headed organs and lead
ers have made haste to assume that the
republican party is now in a position to do
about as it pleases that ia, to become th
prey of selfish Interests In the matter of
tariff revision and in other ways free to
backslide to where things were before the
Roosevelt uplift came to impress th coun
try and to weaken the opposition. It is
reassuring to observe that President-elect
Taft is of a mind with Governor Hughes,
The two might well advise together over
the good of the country, not to speak
about the future of the republican party,
to which both are devoted.
Democrats In Congress.
Charleston News and Courier (dim.)
The effect of the disastrous defeat of
th democratic party in the recent genera
elections ia likely to find Its first mani
festation in an Increase of Independent
action on the part of democratio 'members
I T'7"!L " Jhi X conveM"- W
sha 1 not be surprised 1f here and ther. a
sou hsrn congressman upon whom the evl-
dent decadence of democratic party spirit
has not been lost shall betray a dlanaal.
tlon to kick out of the traces of party
. . u .
discipline it not out or the caucus itself.
The minority leader In the house, Mr.
Champ Clark presumably, will be con
fronted with a task of no ordinary deli
cacy and difficulty In holding together his
forces. "How the cat is going to Jump'
was never before quite so problematical
among democrat aa now, and a propen-
slty on the part of member from Georgia, They made an energetlo campaign and pre
for example, who ar nearly always of a 1 dieted a vote of mor than 1,000,000. Thi
canny and cunning breed, to fly the track vot waa in th neighborhood of 630,000, or
so long beaten by the democrats may be
Holding Democracy Together.
Louisville Courier-Journal (dem.).
Clean politics, honest politics, wise poll-
tic the good of the country would seem
to demand that the democratic party, much
discouraged and depressed, and thoroughly
beaten, ahould still hold together, seeking
uiuraiv, aim u wis saying
hath it, keeping Us powder dry. If it
should go to pieces nothing would remain
between our Institutional system and the
deluge except a body ot able and self,
confident opportunists, calling themselves
the republican party, and quite equal to
the commercial exigencies of the times,
and that vast roaster, the mob, tame
enough when fed and clothed, but very
destructive when turned loose hungry upon
whatsoever It may devour.
Orlala of m Party Majae.
Kansas City Star.
"It was R. H. Lindsay," a former Kan
aan aald this morning, "who first gave the
populist party in Kansas it name. The
party had grown out of the farmer' alli
ance, and gave Itself the name of th
people's party when it organised in 1890 to
become political organisation.
"Lindsay waa at that time the Topek
correspondent of the Kanaaa City Star. He
thought a shorter term than people's party
waa desirable, so he began to refer to th
party as a whole as populists. Other corre
spondents and the Tcpeka paper adopted
the same word, and populist became the
generally accepted name of the party, al
though It still uses the title ot people's
party when It places th name ef candi
date on th official ballot,"
Woes of a Massleo Worrier.
What is to become ef Captain Hobaon
and hi hobby if the agreement between
the Vnlted State and Japan should bring
enduring peace? Where then would th
verleat Jingo find pretext for Increasing
the naval armaments on both th Atlaotlo
and Pacific coasts?
Basse Reflection aa the Folly af th
Emporia (Kan.) Oasette.
Th governor-elect of Nebraska, who has
a broken leg. Is able to sit up and dlrtate
appointments xo nis eiucirni y" v
Nebraska has enjoyed a republican state
administration for several years and has
prospered with the rest of the country.
The republican governor Is a man who nas
accomplished much and had he been given
another term he would have rounded out a
record that ha already attraoted much ad
miration. He was especially fortunate In
ohoostng men for Important places, and
so the state Institutions are In better shape
than is customary.
Nebraska was doing well, but the intel
ligent voters cam to th conclusion that
it was time to throw a bouquet at Mr.
Bryan, and so they voted the1 democratic
ticket and elected as governor a ehronlc
politician who has been a candidate for
that office ever since he quit wearing pina
fores, running for any other IHtle office
that happened to, be vacant for recreation
between the regular campaigns.
And so the governor-elect with, th broken
leg is announcing his appointments, and
when he goes Into effeot there will be a
general upheaval In all Institution which
are now well organised. Men wno , nave
had year of experience in the car of
lunatic and convicts and the otner waras
of the Stat will b displaced to mak
room for greenhorns, and each greenhorn
will have his own appointments to make.
and every little Job from cook upward
will have a new man In It. No matter how
capable all these greenhorns may become,
they are bound to disorganise things at
first and make blunders, some of which
may be costly. It stands to reason that
th Institutions must suffer from a sud
den change, and the Inmates must grin
and bear it. The merchant who filled nis
store on a busy day with new clerks would
be in a position to understand the results
of such a change as will occur In Nebraska,
There la no sense In such a business, yet
tt is something that every state Is liable
to experience under present conditions,
There ahould be service rules protecting
state employes in their jobs so long as
they are efficient, or at least they should
be dumped out gradually and not made to
all walk the plank at once.
Nebraska has had previous experience
with democratio and populist administra
tions and that experience was so painful
as regards the management of the stato In
stitutions that people familiar with th
history of th commonwealth were amased
at th result of the November election
BRA OP CHEAP POSTAGE.
Belting; Mack af the Warld with th
And now Germany enters on a 2-cent
postage agreement with America, This
was th inevitable sequel of th similar
agreement with Great Britain, which
went Into effect October 1. Germany Is
too hot a rival of England to permit
;suoh an advantage to remain long with
It Is evident that we ar now entering
upon an era of cheap postage. Franc
must soon follow th example of Its
neighbor, and In turn the other rations
of Europe will negotiate similar agree
ments with ua. Naturally, th rates of
postage between the European countries
themselves will fall to the same level.
In th course of a year or so th S-cent
rate Is bound to disappear, except 'fur
th long hauls to the orient and to
Th S-cent rat between America and
Europe has been anomalous for some
time. Our Postoffic department has
been carrying letters to Canada, Mexico,
Cuba, Hawaii, th Philippines and even
to Shanghai for X cents. The velum
ef the European mall and the cheapness
with which it Is carried have long jufitl
fled a reduction. The affect of th lower
rate, it Is confidently predicted, will be
so to Increase the volume of th mall
as to keep the revenue fully up to the
present leveL The benefits to commerce
in all Its ramifloations cannot be other
wise than large.
Three Spirits of Madera Life
Three groups of men In modern life chal
lenge attention and admiration for their
ubiquity and their audacity. They are the
explored, the pioneer trader and advance
agent of commerce, and th religious propa
gandist. Science, commerce and religion
are fundamental facts In contemporary life,
as ar the motive of truth seeking, gain
getting and altruism, which are back of
j tnem ot the three mLMonary faiths
of the wor,d BaMMam Mohammedanism
and Christianity, the Christian religion has
. ... . . . ,,
1 pianiea us ouiposis on mi moat hiuuikuh
and has developed th
Great Expectations Shattered.
Philadelphia Publlo Ledger.
Nearly every one who had followed th
noise which the socialist were making
would hav thought bsfor th election that
th socialists were becoming formidable.
about 130,000 more than In the 1B04 election.
The theory recently advanced thst some
nf th mnund builders' mound wer eon-
' structed for use In a gams something Ilk
base ball perhaps strengthened by th
. discovery of sixteen skeletons in on of
them-presumably umpires who decisions
Another Idol Shattered.
An Italian historian assert that Horace's
odes were written as adve tisements for
some wine company. If Horace were liv
ing now he would probably be writing such
poems as on reads en the cards that ar
fastened upon the walla of trolley car.
Deserves to . Be Soaked.
A woman In Nebraska is suing a man for
$10,000 damages for a stolen kiss, and $10,000
more for teglng about it afterward. To
kiss is human, but to kiss and tell Is some
thing that the mean man who doe it ought
to be made to pay for.
- Always aa Haad.
Notwithstanding the considerable number
of new and Inexperienced men In th next
congress It Is believed that ther are enough
of th old and foxy members left to pre
vent It from doing most of the things It
Franks Spring a Postal Leak.
BU Louis Globe-Democrat.
It surprises lb public to learn that the
cost of th postal franking privilege last
year waa IU 000,000, or more than twice th
amount of th postal deficit. Thl leak de
mand the prompt, attention of congress.
Bathos af tho Mats.
Bbme persons ar so blind as not to- so
that United State aenator chosen by pri
mary aieotlons ar any better than those
elected In th way prescribed by our bluA
PROMOTING GOOD ROAD.
One 'Way oi Fottlnar Pre-eeare aa re.
New Tork Times.
No believer In or lvrt of Improved
highways should neglect to read with rar
that passage In tho postmaster Renersl't
annual report which deals with the rela
tion between the free rural delivery and
good roads. The "JR. F. D." Is Immensely
popular In every rart of tho country al
ready favored with it; Indeed, wherever It
has been established for a few years all
the oonditlona of life have been adjusted
to it, and it is ranked among the necessi
ties, not the luxuries of existence. Natur
ally there Is an eager demand for the ex
tension of th system through new terri
tory and this Is a demand that will have
to b mot, despite the failure of postal rev
enues and xpendlturea to balance.
In determining which of th many de
mands shall be granted the department
has the best of excuses for. asking the
petitioners In each caae about the quality
of the roads over which the carrier and
his horse will hava to make their daily
Journeys, and to view with a cold disfavor
any application that cornea from counties
or township that have not yet learned the
first lesson of civilisation and still think
that a more or less beaten track between
two line of fencing Is a highway. On the
other hand, when th applicant can pro
claim that the carrier' labor will be light
and his motion swift because the wheels of
his cart will roll over the hard, smooth
surface of a good read in every part of
his route, then compliance with the re
quest should be prompt and gracious.
This would be a perfectly proper basis of
discrimlnatlonv and It would bring to bear
on th rural population a wholly proper
sort of pressure toward the spending of
money in a way that would be profitable
in a doaen ways. It would also make the
appropriation for the free rural delivery go
much further than it will if no such dis
crimination is used. Especially is it neces
sary that action in this direction be taken
if the postmaster general's suggestion as
to a parcels post la to be heeded, for that
would Increase the weight of the carrier's
load and render it almost impossible for
him to traverse some of the miserable
roada he now covers. "No good roads, no
free delivery," should be the rule, and If It
led to th temporary abolition, of some of
the routes now in operation the- lesson
Would be salutary and effective. "
PERSON AIj NOTES.
Chorus girls In New Tork gave a banquet
to celebrate the return Of prosperity. The
winter crop of Johnnies promise to be a
The basts for the Bryan bear story seems
to be that had ther been a bear, and had
Bryan got within reach of its claws, a rent
in his garments might have followed.
In order to realise how distressingly un
fortunate waa the oversight by wblcn Presi
dent Alexia left behind that trunk contain
ing 20,000 gourdes, you must understand
that "gourde" Is the Haytlen synonym for
"bone" or "plunk."
Michael McKenna of York Harbor, Mo.,
hss three sons Thomas, born on February
26, 1904; John, born on February 18, 1905,
and Arthur, born on February 26, 1j7. The
birthday present problem Is a good deal
simplified in th McKenna housohold.
In th spring Thomas J. Hughe of
Brooklyn, Ind., lost $500. He had had the
roll of bills In his pecket, and supposed he
had carelessly flipped them into th road
in taking out his handkerchief. A week
ago he found them tucked away In an old
shoe, and he says it is beyond him how
ttey got ther.
Mr. and Mrs. Aaron ktneeland of George--town,
Mass., have just celebrated the dia
mond seventy-fifth rmlvei sary of their
wedding. The husband is 87 years of age
and hi good wife 92. They have had a
dticn children, and after a long life of
tireless Industry they decided to give up
their little home and deed it to the town,
in return for which they were to be oared
for for the remainder of their days.
, PASSING PLEASANTRIES.
"Did that manager discover any humor la
"Yes," answered the gloomy author. "H
said the wnole thing was a Joke." Wash
"I live in a state where there are abso.
lutely no diTwces."
"Indeed! What state is that?"
"The state of single blussedness." Boston
"Why did she divorce hlmT
"Because she couldn't keep him from buy.
Ing diamond necklaces and such things."
"Gracious! I would never divorce my hus
band for that!"
"You would if they were not for you, I
guess." Houston Post.
"After all, the aum of human happiness
may be totaled up In three words,'' aafd
"What on earth are they?"' inquired her
partner In life's Joys and sorrows.
' 'I love you.' '
"O, I thought you meant 'Pay to bear
er." " Btray v tStorles.
- ' ' , him wvufiut . i i ta u 14
miserable. It fades out in no time."
'IT.M V. I W T kyh . ... -
'That's what it is" Intended to do. sir. Tt
is meant to write lettera whloh, through
soma chance, might turn up In a court in
I think." said Miss Cayenne, "that I
will write a magaslne story."
nave you tnougni one ouit
"Yes. I'm going to have a men named
Hiram, another named Peleg, a girl named
Bamanthy and an old gray mare, and the
rest aoesn t matter. Washington Btar.
"A woman." observed the tiotne.a-rnwn
philosopher, "can keep a secret as well as
a man ran with the possible exception of
"And what are they?" Queried the Inno
Those that are not worth keenlnar and
those that are too good to keep." exolalned
th philosophy dispenser. Chicago News.
3. Mortimer Lewis in Houston Post.
We used to think In the dnys gone by,
With a little longing and little sigh
At grown-up's freedom, and . grown-up's
Oh, what's th use of being a boy!
Oh, what' the ua of an old ropo awing,
And th knowledge w hav of a wood
And all we know of the twisty creek,
Ita deptha and shallows, and where to seek
For th wary trout and th grayling slim?
But the grown-up man! how w envied
Oh, the grown-up man, footloose and free
To choose all things he would do or be,
To go or stay, to be in o' nights
Or to stay abroad till the rtv llsrht
Have fl ckered r.ut, - nd Mie morn comes In
With Its pallid mists and Its walking din;
Oh, the grown-up man who can sit and
And ran gn to shows and can eat In
Till h wants to stop! Oh. where' th Joy
In being only a little boy?
But we've learned life' lesson, we have,
At leaet I have, and Imagine you
IKik bark sometimes down the misty
That leads ta youth, and would wander
If you only could to the other days.
To the old creek's banks, or the winding
That rambled over the meadow hill
To th orchard wall, to th whlj.poorwUl
That railed at niarht aa you lay awak
And filled th night with Its own heart
And you exclaim at soma son. wrong plui
"Oh, what does It help one to he a man!"
And your thoughts are thoughts such a
do no good,
Of a vanished day and a vanished wood,
And manhood sms In an old roue swing
Not worth th cost of Its garish lights '
And then you think of th fun of nights
When the table meet you adwn tb
And being g man's worth whll and sweet
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