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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 6, 1908)
THE CM ATI A SUXPAY BEE: PECEMF.EK fi.
DENATURED ALCOHOL PLANT
Still Sexit and Operated it Cora Show
rxsnnD to do ktjcs good
ifrnrr of Agrlraltere Wllaoa Knii
ae at Hie UreaJeet F.spM-rts to
Vlrr rrarttcaj Iea
Ons of the most interesting of the grrst
host tf Interesting thin pi installed lor the
Natii.nal Carn exposition In the denatured
alcohol mill recently delivered under the
big stage of the Auditorium. It I designed
te show the process of munufacturing alco
hol mulch la to be subsequently denatured
no aa to prevent its use aa a beverage and
that It may he utilized In Its denatured
late Tar commercial, manufacturing and
domestic purposes in lieu of gasoline and
In roai ne.
The plant has been Installed under the
supervision of the iJeparunent of Agricul
ture and under the authority of the Reve
nue dirpartment by the Vulcan Copper
wrorks of Cincinnati, O. The Work of in
stallation haa been sirpervleed by A. O.
M'ente. representing the firm.
The apparai.ua, which consists of an elab
orate working model ml 11, ia designed on
lines of strict theorotl'jaJ correctness, hut
4n this effort the manufacturers have not
failed to take Into aucount those condi
tion arising in practice beyond which it
would be unwise, for false economy to go.
XvOiif experience and contact with the
operation of distilleries baa permitted this
toompaxy to effectively blend theory with
practice for obtaining the best and most
comprehensive working results. Every de
tnii of the Installation of trie still haa been
looked after with painstaking Thorough
bean, representing In the completed tip
paratua the highest grade of workmanship
and perfected operating results.
The distillation prunes will be directly
looked after on behalf of the government
by Henry Wood Hcrger, fermentation
chemist jf the bureau of chemistry, t'mted
fcilaics rvpartment of Agriculture of Washing-ton.
It la the purpose of thia still to give
dally practical illustrations in the manu
fartute nf alcohol, mid how the imaU pro
ducer aa well as the large may ascertain
4ne needs easeiiftal to oiierate an alcohol
lunt to tue best advantage, obtain the
highest results In quality of product, econ
omy of operaMon and durability and perma
nent y of tlie apparatus.
That denatured or Industrial alcohol has
tome into the field to stay and to ulti
mately dtnpluce the dangerous explosives,
ga.Bu.iiK; and kerosene. Is dally becoming
What Is AlrwaetT
According to the pharmacopoeia of the
lulled Plates, eighth decennial revision,
alcohol, or. as it is techniaclly termed,
oolugue sph-lts. is a liquid composed of
shout K.i er cent by weight, or about
IH.t per cent by volume, of absolute ethyl
alcohol, and about 7.7 per rent by weight
of water. This is the equivalent in proof
of IB. a, or practically 190 per rent. It is a
transparent, colorless, mobile and volatile
liquid, of a alight agreeable odor and- a
burning taste. Specific gravity, about
t.UUi at 12.6 degrees centigrade or 80 Faren
bc.lt. the standard temperature for aJooliol.
mr O.Kit at 5 degrees. It should be kept In
well -closed vessels, in a cool place, remote
from lights or fire.
f For the purposes of this article, which
'.proposes to discuss only the process of the
manufactare and denaturing of alcohol
and It uses. It may be stated that this char
acter of alcohol la made, from com or
' iiotatoes. or other starchy or saccharine
The f rrst step rn the proportion of corn,
giotatoes or other starch products for dls-
nlllatlon is to convert the starch which
1 these products contain, and which Is not
J fermentable, into a fermentable substance.
i Te obtain tlua result when corn is used it
is first ground Into meal, then cooked by
subjecting It te a high temperature and
pressure. Iurlng this process the starch
becomes partly dissolved and partly gel
atinised, and at the end of the working
period, after a proper reduction in the
temperature has been effected malt is In
troduced to convert the soluble starch into
sugar. In which state It Is readily ferment
able. Technically thia conversion ia known
as saochartflcation: its production being
affected by the action rnn the starch of the
diastase contained in the malt, yielding
maltose and dextrin.
Heal la era la sraa Cetaker.
This meal is placed in the vacuum cooker,
which is a cylindrical steal vessel made of
heavy steel plate mounted longitudinally
on substantial oast iron stands, depending
upon it capacity or slae. The Interior of
this cooker is fitted with caat iron stirrer
arms attached te a steel shaft w hich makes
about sixty revolutions per minute. The
team enters at the bottom by means of
pipes conducting it from a manifold or
heater at the aide. Attached to each pipe
at Its point of entrance is a -check valve of
special design to spray tlie steam through
the mash and to effect thorough steaming
and consequent perfect dissolution of the
starch. A thermometer for regulating the
temperature and a water gauge are placed
In the bead.
The operation consists of first filling Into
the cooker the requisite amount of water
for each bushel of meal. This water la gen
erally supplied from the hot water tub, the
tame being a recaptacle for storage of the
hot water overflow from the condenaers.
Its temperature, to hasten the operation
and to economise on steam ran be from
140 to ISO Fahrenheit; If hotter It Is apt to
lump the meal. A scale for weighing the
meal which Is provided with a hopper of a
capacity equal to one charge of the cooke."
ta placed above the latter. From this hop
per the xneal la conducted by a apout and
fed Into the cooker through the manhole,
during which proceeding the stirrer la in
constant motion. After the manhole has
been cloaed the steam valve la opened by
degrees and the cooking continued, the agi.
tatkm of the maab being likewise continued
until a pressure of fifty-five pounds or
about ano degrees haa been attained, at
which point tthe dissolution of the starch
la complete. The pressure is relieved by
Midwest Life Items
Mr. Pliny H. Graves of fihelton. caahier
of the Moianrr bank at that place, died
on the ltrth of November. He held a SL.uuV
jwllc-y In The 14 ids est Iaf on w hich he
had paid tws annual premiums. Thia it
the first deals among the poric-yholders of
the company thia year and the anooud one
Since the company was originated in 3 ICS
Mr. K. W. Justice of Orand Island was
a caller at the burnt office of The Midwest
Ufa last Saturday. Mr. Junk to a gen
eral Meat at Orand Island- He haa been
langer in the service of the company than
any other agent-
The Midwest Life sells Life Insurance.
Avars' cuarrted man la Nebraska w he la
insurable ought te have a policy to this
guarpasy. Home office Jat7 O street.
Li mails. SbsJbs Agency Board of Trade
exhausting the sieara Into the air. the
temperature being at the same time reduced
to 212 decrees. Feecharlfication is best
effected at about 146 degrees, and to rap
dly reduce te thia temperat ure, preparatory
to Introducing the malt, the hot air Is ex
hausted by means of a vacuum pump.
Per teat el-Hurler feed.
For a spirit mash from six to tn per
rent of gand barley malt la used, which,
first being ground Into meal.' Is mixed with
cold water of the required quantity in the
small grain masher. The thorough mixing
of the malt with the mash Is allowed to
continue for about five minutes, after
which it is drawn Into the drop tube,
near the cooker. Tills receptacle is fitted
with a stirrer and completes the mashing,
following which the product Is pumped
through the mash coolers, where It Is re
duced to the proper temperature for fer
mentation. In the preparation of the potato mash
the lime method of operation is pursued,
except that the potatoes are first waahed
to remove any adhering earth and then
charged Into the cooker, whole.
"While the mash is being filled into the
fermentation vata, after leaving the mash
cooler, foment or yeast is added to induce
fermentation. This yeast is built up by
successive stages from mother yeast, com
monly called start yeast, which is either of
the so called pure cultum variety, consti
tuting a particular and especially cultivated
species of yeast aa most effective for alco
holic fermentation, or by spontaneous or
hop yeast, produced by growth of yeast
cells originating in the air.
The ingredients composing the yeast
mash ronslsta of equal parte of barley,
malt and rye wheat In quantities of about
two bushels to 1W bushels of mash.
Water at It degrees temperature la
His Golden Hoard
M - -
first put in the yeast tub in the requisite
proportion for each bushel of meal. One
or more of these tubs are needed for each
day's mash, depending upon the capacity
of the plant. The rake is then put in
motion und the meal run In slowly to avoid
lumping. The steering continues lof about
twenty minutes after the meal la all in,
during which time the formation of the
sugar from the action of the malt
on the rye la being effected. It is then
allowed to stand for eighteen to twenty
hours during which time the mash takes
on a wine sour, by the growth of a la'ic
cid ferment, which protects" the mother
yeast from Infection by suppressing other
lid species of yeast and bacteria Inter
fering with the termenta'lon. Care must
be taken during the souring process by
covering the yeast tub and gardlng against
an undue reduction of temperature In the
yeast room to prevent he temperature of
the mash from falling below 12 degrees,
at which temperature the highly injurious
butyric and aoettc acid fermentation are
( Mllsf af Mar Masai.
The sour maah Is then cooled by circu
lating water through the coil and thor
oughly agitating the whole until reduced
te sixty degrees. The so-called yeast dona
previously prepared from the start yeast
Is now added and thoroughly mixed with
the maah. Aa a result of the yeast fermen
tation effected during the next tea or
twelve houra a temperature of eighty-four
degrees will 1 attained, when further fer
mentation la discontinued. It is then cooled
to sixty-five degrees, at which temperature
It ia maintained by circulation of water
through' the cull and stir In g It until It
is to be conducted to the fermenting vata,
where fermentation of the sweet mash at
When the yeast ferroentatloi has pro
gressed to eighty-four degrees, and before
stirring and cooling, the rich top yeast,
or stock yeast, is removed In proportion to
ton gallons to H bushels of maah and
preserved for Subsequent use.
The fermentattng period covers about
seventy-two houra. Thia fermented prod
uct ia called in distilling parlance the
"beer." From the fermenting vat, which Is
fitted with a brass valve at the bot
tom, operated by a lexer st the top
pipe manifold into the beer well. From
the beer well the beer pumps discharge
it lnte the beer beater of the distilling
apparatus or upper chamber of the beer
At the same time live steam la blown
into the bottom chamber of the beer still
so that the beer in working down through
the different compartments in the still is
deprived, by the bulling which ensues, of
This alcohol peases out as a vapar from
the top of the beer still aud enters to
gether with a cuiisidtritble Quantity of
water vapor, a hu h iwatn over with it,
enters tlie lower jiortion of the rectifying
culuaoa- The condensation in the base of
Ibis eolturm Is kept boiling by means of
a steam scroll, so tltat the alcohol vapor
ascending the column has te puaa through
the various rectifying cluunbers in the
column and through its swn condensation
ta such a manner that It aecmes highly
canoentraAed aud passes out in the form
of nearby pure alcohol vapor frem the top
of the column into the condenser, where
It is condensed to bqund form, and from
whk-h It Issues In the fnrrn of alcohol of
the desired proof or strength
The hydrometer placed In the r lindcr
at the outlet from the condenser registers
constantly the proof of the alcohol which
Is being obtained.
From the condenser the alcnlxl ! p red
directly tn cistern r"om or stfteble reser
voirs provided fir Its reception.
Desatsrlit the Alrbl.
It will thus be observed that the alcohol
thus far produced Is the pure alcohol, des
titute tf any poliwinous Ingredient or com
pounds, and la the ordinary alcohol used
In forttfvtng beverage.
When the desired quantity l.as been ob
tained in the cistern it is ready for de
naturing. The standard denaturing mr
teris.1 consists of ten parts of approved
wood alcohol and one-half pint rf benxine
to every KK) parts of alcohol to 1 de
natured. The denaturing is done in suitable tanks
or cisterns under government supervision.
The alcohol. after being denatured, is
then withdrawn into suitable approved
packages, which, after being projier'.y la-
be-led and stamped, are ready to be put
on the market as a finished rroduet. The
distiller must provide all required tanks
and cisterns for denaturing, aa well aa
providing the denaturents themselves.
The cost of the government supervlson
Is paid by the Ix-partmcnt of Internal
Revenue, so charge whatever being made
for government supervision.
rreiri ef TVemst seed A 1 robot.
denatured alcohol may be used as a sub
stitute for gasoline and kerosene for all
sorts of cooking, heating and lighting, as
well as in the operation of englnea of the
Internal combustion type.
The alcohol possesses many points of ad
vantage over gasoline and kerosene 'in that
; V '
it Is nonexplosive and cleanly and that a
fire caused by alcohol can be readily ex
tinguished with water, water readily unit
ing with alcohol and causing Its dilution.
It may further be used in large quanti
ties in the arts and manufactures.
In W there was used In the manufac
ture of explosives Bo0.50 gallons, in the
plastic Industries k.X" gallons, essential
oils 84.8U2 gallons, fine chemicals 1.SS.7U6
gallons and in the paint and varniah in
dustry 5S.M4 gallons. Statistics of the use
of denatured alcohol for the laxt two years
are not yet compiled, at least nut accessi
ble, but sufficient is known that there has
been a very great increase ta Its use for
the succeeding years over that of 116.
Another important consideration in favor
of denatured alcohol in the operation- of
engines is that It has materially reduced
the cost of insurance where such engines
Other Mils of Its Klad.
The still Installed at the Omaha Com ex
position is one of several types of Its kind
In existence. Another is located in Wash
ington. D. C. for
per mental use and
ano .her is owned
by private parties
in El Fast), Tex.,
where it Is manu
from rectus, and Is
meeting with con
Auotle:- sal of
this same type i
in operation at
here It is d.stl.l
ing alcohol from
It is a fallacy to
presume that eveiy
farmer can put up his own still and manu
facture his own alcohol at pleasure. A
srill is a pretty expensive luxury- The
apnorttun&te coet of a still to do prufitabie
work is not much leas than SlU.buu.
The only way that the manufacture of
alcohol can lie undertaken In communities
Is for the establishment of one still In
some central location and then the farmers
can bruig their corn, potatoes or other
products to be made Into alcohol and then,
after the stuff is denatured by the govern
ment officers, the product can be divided
among those participating in the enter
prise. As a rule it is cheaper for the users of
small quantities to buy the denatured al
cohol rather than to participate in its man
ufacture. It is probable that for a lung
time to come the manufacture of alcohul
will be confined exclusively to the large
dlatilierles that are already equipped and
prepared for the work.
leed far DteUUer'a slsa.
The reeioue remaining after the produc
tion of the alcohol is knows aa distillers'
slop, and la especially valuable as a food
tor slock. This Is particularly applicable
to the reside from the corn, potatoes or
sugar beets after distillation. This dis
tillers' slop is prepared by drying and ia
then known as distillers grain and has a
peculiar value as slock feed, being fully
as nutritious as the original raw product
from allien the akiohol has bees distilled.
The slop residue from sugar beets 1
valuable aa a fertiliser, probably niuis
.A Proclamation to the Peo
pie of Omaha, Council
Bluffs and So. Omahal
The three cities have been hon
ored by the location of the Na
tional Corn Exposition.
The responsibility of making a
thorough success of the most im
portant agricultural event, in the
interest of our grain and grass
crop, that the United States has
ever known, rests, not only on
those who have been actively en
gaged in the work, but upon every
loyal citizen of the three cities.
It cannot be a success without
the cordial and enthusiastic sup
port of each and every man and
woman in the community.
If you have friends who should
or might be interested in the Ex
position, write them a personal
letter. The homes and hospital
ity of our people must be extended
to our guests.
Merchants and business houses
should prepare to decorate their
places of business and vie with
each. other to see who can pro
duce the most attractive outward
appearance of welcome.
There are innumerable small
courtesies, that count for much,
which each of us can show the
strangers within our gates after
our visitors are with us.
. Having been made hosts on so
important an occasion, the oppor
tunity is offered us to show our
visitors that true hospitality which
is characteristic of the spirit of
The National Coim Exposition.
C.C- Hosewater, Chairman Committee-
than as a feed. It will thus be observed
tiiat where a community may be disposed
to establish a distillery, that there will go
back to the land through feed and fertilis
ers a product more "valuable than the
original raw products, it is In this re
eect that the distillation of denatured alco
hol may be made, profitable in communities,
particularly In the corn growing countries.
It is extremely doubtful whether alcohol
can be made from city garbage, aa has been
suggested by the more optimistic en
thusiasts of the manufacture and uses of
"Give men their gold and knaves
Let fortune's bubbles rise or fall;
Who sows afield,or trains a flower,
Or plants a tree is more than all."
denatured alcohol. The Impurities to be
extracted flora city gurhage, and Its com
ponents of saccharine and termentiiig or
ganiems with the bacteria would make It
extremely ooulitful ae to the successful
transformation of garbage into a cum
m rclaj t leohol.
Al-ihfl froas feast daat.
A number o.' euccesatul experiments have
already been made as In trie case of Mis
sissippi, in the production of alcohol from
sawdust. It yet remains to be determined
whether sawdust alcohol can be made com
mercially successfully. With the improved
sulls and piocesse the time will come when
tawdust alcohol may be made commerci
ally piiifithhle, but at preant it is in an
STUDENT JUDGING CONTESTS
folate aad Frcsslaaas (HitrrsUg aad
Clira la This lasatortaat
(.me of the essential ftatures of interest
in the National Corn exposition will be the
student judging contests. Around these will
revolve much of the real life of the institu
tion. It will form one vital element In the
Valuable prises have been bung up for
the various winners in the exposition, but
none mors valuable not desirable than,
save the grand sweepstakes trophy,
tle Mexican t-orn trophy i slued at gljo
and offered by Hon. if ertno Homin-
gues of Pueblo, Mexico, the philanthropist
and advocate of intensive farming in the
southern republic, who will attend the ex
position. The premium will be awarded
to the student Judging team winning the
highest number of points In the corn Judg
ing division of the student Judging con
test. Another valuable premium is the Grain
Dealers' oat trophy valued at J1.000 and
founded by the tYestern Grain Dealers' as
sociation. It will go te the student Judg
ing team w, lining in the oats contest.
Hore are the
pi lnts of interest
about the student
J u ug tig contest :
1 Tliis contest in
open to student
I'ams of five mem
lieis aeiecied ty
co leges. Each
tiK'mber of ahe
team must be a
b.ir.a fide student
in the college
v h 'eh l.e r e p -re?ents.
corn, ten-ear sum
pies of five of the
ane. cs ih it t
Judged, in addl'lon
t o the commerei il
g aduig of corn.
The ear samples
kllVUld lie JUUEed
from the standard of each coin
The oommerrva; standard wiin all irumt
Rl.all le the htandard prevailing upon the
several markets as Indicated below:
tai t'hic.Hao: Corn and oala.
i hi Kuimaa t itj : Hard winter wheut.
Bt luis: Red winter wheat.
Minneapolis: hprlr-g a heal.
commercial sample used In this
be officially inspected from
where secured. The ten
eamplea of com will be i.fficiallv inspected
i mr commune in charge or ih- eim
test. Mr. u. K. Powell, ,-hiel insiierior
Kniaha Grain exchange, w il have clmi'ite
of the cummert'i il grading during the con
test. Mr. Samuel H. Bmitli. ttXMiMant in
spector Chicago Hnurd tif Trii-1e. i.nd r-,e
lew motives tr m other exchanges will also
4. Two ten-ear r-amph s eech of lam
ing. Re VI s Yellow iJt-m. B(ine, (itnv
V htte, Sllvrrniine. G-iloen Kagle (or tiiid
Mine i, will ne provided lor judging car
6. The ear samples of corn w ill he Jurigi-d
from the a-oie curd standard All other
samples Mil: le judged according to tn
rules and regulationa used In uetermining
the grade o! a sumple of grain in each -f
the respective markets from which the
nample came. Kach student ahull a-iven
an equal lcngih of time on each sample.
a Lach siudeiu shall iho fif'v m.i,i
merciai sample of corn, wheat and oats.
Samples snail le numbered trtmi me to
fiftv. i'onteslanis will each he known by
7. Students shall be provided alih a
rard on winch ihere. are spaces fur name,
aiao numliers running from oe to titty!
With sufficient sMtre for memorandum.
Each student shall have an oral ex
amination, giving reasons and answering
i. i t , i , iitw j ii i, k r:
. eiixiy paints
alien Its a!
lnt for r
llowed for plac-
ing and forty fxui
Bee "Want .o Produce Results
CATECHISM OF CORS SHOW
Summary cf the Frincijial Tacti I
About the Big Exposition. j
riTHY AKD PTE GOT P0IKTLK.5
laestlas aad Aaswers that Tell
the Whale torr Is a Msasle
aad tlrer Aetsaell
Q What Is the National Correxposition?
A The National Corn exposition ia a
scientific movement to teach farmers how
to make two blades of grass grew 'where
but one blade grew before.
Q Where Is the National Corn exposition
lo he held?
A. The National Com exposition is to be
held at the Auditorium In Omaha, on De
Q Why Is the National Corn exposition
held In Omaha?
A. The National Corn exposition is held
In Omaha this year because Omaha is the
center of the great Com Belt and can lie
reached with less expense and difficulty by
a larger number of jiersons interested In
the production bf com than any otlier
Q. 'Who are encaged In the promotion
and maintenance of the National Com ex
position? A. The executive management of the Na
tional Corn exposition is vested in the
hands of business men of high standing
and large affairs, capable of discharging
the various duties given them with the ut
most skill and satisfaction.
Q. By whom is tlie scientific research
and instruction of the National Corn expo
sition carried on?
A. By the highest authorities and the
most notable experts in the Culled States,
England, Canuda and Mexico.
.Has the government given Its en
dorsement to the National Cora exposition?
A. Tes, the government of the United
States has given the most emphatic en
dorsement to the National Com exposition.
President Roosevelt has spoken in approval
of it and has instructed his Country Life
commission to visit Omaha and participate
in the exposition; Secretary of Artie ult ure
Wilson has placed at the disposal of the
National Com exposition C. A. Shamel, his
expert in the bureau of plant Industry, and
has sent to Omaha one of the largest al j
cohol stills for use In making practical
demonstrations during the exposition.
Q. Will actual Instruction be given those
attending the National Com exposition?
A. Tes. regular class room work will be
carried on by these scientists, and men.
women and children will m given careful
training in the various methods of Inten
sive farming by practical demonstrations.
1 What results are expected to accrue
from these courses of study.
A. The result that those aim receive this
training will go back to their farms and at
once begin putting into practical operation
the lessons they have learned, and that
next year they and olhera whom they have
Influenced will attend the Com exposition
again and receive other leasuns, and that
this will continue a practical system of ed
ucation in intensive farming until it will
have spread all over the country and be
come thoroughly established.
Q. What then Is expected to be the re
sult? A. Tlie result will be that farmers will
know how o till and fertilise their soil
and how to select and treat their seed so
as to multiply manifold their harvest and
In like ratio increase the value of their
tand and their annual income.
Q. Is com the only grain to be exhibited
at the National Com exposition?
A. No, every other grain grown where
corn Is grown is to be exhibited at the Na
tional Com exposition.
Q -WIll tlie same scientific tests be made
In these other cereals as are made In com?
A. Tes, and by an expert in each kind
Q Will there be any other kinds of ex
hibit besides grain?
A. Tes, every kind of grass grown for
hay or stock feed in the com belt will be
exhibited, as also will farm Implements and
foods made from cereals.
Q Will this complete the National Cora
A. No, in addition to this school in in
tensive farming there will be a domestic
science institute In the hands of the most
capable women scientists in this line of
work, and this domestic science work will
form one of the significant and extensive
departments of the exposition.
W How will It be conducted?
A. In classes. Regular class room in
struction will be given dally. Classes Will
be organized and taught by the women
sclentsts and an elementary education in
this important department of woman's life
work will be given.
Q And does this complete the Nations
A. No. Fourteen state agricultural col
leges are sending exhibits and experts to
show what they are doing to further the
campaign of education of which this expo-
! alllon is tlie outgrowth. '
I Q. Will there tie any premiums awarded
j for the beet exhibits?
A. Tes, the premium list amounts to
C4.000 in cash.
Q Are all the exhibits grain, grass, ini
j plements and food prolucta admitted lo
this liPt of premiums?
! (J What is the highest reward offered?
j A. The highest reward offered is tlie
j grand premier sweepstakes trophy, valued
at $1,KI0, to be awarded for the liest ten
ears of corn winning the H.tttO in gold.
Q By wliom or what is this trophy of
A Thia trophy was founded and is of
fered by the Indiana commission to tlie
National Corn exposition, and is to be
Rsls' ia lrls Itsacees.
According to an official report made to
Governor Ko.t. aulilary oonfiiifment in a
dark dungeon on a diei of bread anrt wuter.
with rata fur companions, ia one form of
puntshmeiil itifhi'led upon refractory in
mates oi l the New Jeraey State Honle fur
Girls, in Eaing toa-nship. Just outside tlie
city of Trenton. Milder forms of puniah
s.nt in tue same institutions have lieen
confinement in a large wire cage aud lieat
Ings administered s-ith a stout leather
'i'ne people of New Jersey believed, nfter
an lnves: ipation eight years ago of tins
Inst tntion, that sticti run ln menu had been
abolished. but the state commission on
deieiideiKv and crime, appointed bv Gov
ernur Fort, as the renuh" of a recent law.
made the discovery rturmK a vlait of ln
siieetion at the home last M indav that the
dungeon and he simp weir mill m use.
Tne governor has taken step Uir their im
mediate discontinuance. New York Herald.
tlaa-tleh ta tar MaUsg.
In tlie outrk-lunrti room the gradual
grcwlli of language mav lie oliaervea.
X'orn beef and beana!" shouis one whom
you reongmse aa a new waller.
H'orn beef and I" says another, w ho has
been there liiig-r.
"Heel aud'" la the abbreviated order given
by the veteran waller.
"K and "' ells a busier and more pro
Now and then s hurried patron enters
and annuls "Fend'"
And tin oouht one of these days et vmolo
gists win be tracing the word "fend'' to
"corn beef and beans.' New Vurk feus.
4 "4V "h
There i nothing handsomer than
Fine Mink Set
and so thing mors
' pensive Lanpher Fur
you will End the latest
and best styles. All
Lnpher Fur are made
with a care and sUl, the 1
33 Years of Experience
Ail your dealer to show
you Lanpher Furs. If
he doe not sell them,
take no others write us
SKINNER & CO.
ST. FAL'L tt MINN.
IMML YALE'S 1
HAIR TONIC i
This well known tuUet artlols ta
exlenslvei7 used aud highly reu
oumeudeu br msa auu waiuua
sverjrwhare. It is a staudard ar
tloie of lasting rsliaututy. alms,
leas says: "1 oas oonsulentlousi
recommend my Hair Tonic to all
who are to need of an artiule of
this kind. I have used it myself
lor over thirty years, and the
perfect condition of my hair and
euaip is sufficient proof of Its ex
cellent uid harmless efficacy.
Hundreds of thousands of people
411 over the civilised world will
ssy aa much In favor of Tbjs
Hair Tonic as 1 oaa " Tmje Hair
Tnulo Is good tor FwSlng Hair,
Thin Hair aad Oray Hair It
is wise rsooauaenoad far gcaJp
A llMl EifldeBl Hair DreuJag
For the pertsrt groaning of tns
hair nothing esoels Tale Hair
I enle. It gives the ba.tr s delight
ful teatujWj gloss, softness and
rluhneas af tint. Everyone saa
nee it with d art Aad bextaCtt ts
Hair and BnaJn.
Tale's Hair Tonlo on roes ta TTl l as
elsea. Our special jir'oes
25c else, special 33s
f Or size, special. . ....... 45
II 00 size, special .......
Ask for a free copy rf sin dams
Tales Hi-page BoovenJr Book at
our Toilet iooda Iiepartment. Al
so mailed free to those living out
of town. 'Write for a copy.
suoaononoaoac jouc j
t7( 1 1 WJlvX
ttinl nmst:'F' i
l or Am as and --
New Year s GlfU "
Drua Co. ffi
Ifctfc) and Ftrnun t ' ,t
Find them every Cay
by wstcblcc the sn
houii(Tiiri.LS la TUB
BEE'S Want, 44 CasV-
I fx i i
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