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About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 29, 1908)
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1 - ( .aBapta.SW
i A i "
i 111V Vi I nllrflA inti
MHM ' ciiiur. ' " '
,! Y 1 hti head, no man can take It
I I away from him. An Inveat
" i in I ment in knowledge always paya
the beat Intereat."
This bit of phlloaophy pro
pounded by Honjaniln Frankin over a cen
tury ago exemplifies today the value of
education and the wlfsdom of Investing
money In the public achoola, for tho money
thua uaed la an Invi-Jitment and cannot be
charged to expenae.
The Emperor Napoleon declared that
"public Instruction should be the flrai ob
ject of government," and Washington en
Joined the people to "promote, as on ob
ject of primary Importance, Institution
for the general diffusion of knowledge; for
In proportion as the structure of A govern
ment giv-s force to public opinion. It Is
essential that public opinion should be en
lightened." Following thla. Injunction by
tho father of his country, the American
people declared the free school a puhllo
Institution of formation, not reformation;
a place for training boys and girls to be
men and women in the highest sense of
the words, not an Institution of retention
or correction; an upbuilding and strength
ening establishment, not an object of
From the foundation of the republic,
therefore. America has had Ita puhllo
schools supported by common taxation.
These were small In the beginning, tire
small now in the newer sections, where
the little red school house Is but counter
parts of the historical .log school houses
of the forefathers and pioneers, but In
later years and In the larger places they
have grown from the mere rudimentary
tage to the high schools approaching In
copa of work done educationally the col-
leges with their degrees. As these schools
have grown from an educational stand-
point they have also developed from u
business standpoint, and today the high
school aa a business proposition Is on an
even plans with the large commercial en-
terprises, managed on a business basis and
administered as a business establishment,
Omaha s high school can rlahtlv be
placed In this category, that of a large
business proposition. It Is an Institution
of by no means of small magnitude, either
In point of work done, of "customers" at-
tended to or In the value of property ad-
ministered. Nearly 2,000 boys and girls
attend the Omaha High school 1.839 to be
exact and a property valued at nearly
$760,000, approaching In monetary worth that
of many of the large commercial enter
prises. Is constantly overseen. Not a day
Is allowed to lapse without Interest being
collected on this Investment, without a
profit being realised, and not a day is af
lowed to pass without the giving of val
uable instruction their money's worth to
each of the 2,000 "customers."
But, while the Investment In the Omaha
High school may or may not appear to be
great, this Investment has but kept pace
with ths community and the community's
demand, for. as Prof. Ellis U. Graff, orln
clpal or ths school, says:
"The school but perpetrates the com-
munlty's idtals on a broad plane, and In
this the community, not the school, takes
the lead. It is but right that ths school
should endeavor to keep pace in physical
development with that which has gone on
In the outside world. It is a part of the
. . -4 j .. . . . ...
goners., irenu ui i... u.j, . ircuu i
the business houses mors complete and sys-
tematlo in regulation, a trend to make the
school mors complete and systematic as uel McComb. at Kmrr.ar.uel church in Bos- any more.
well." ton In 190$. tha movement has spread with "These suggesUona were repeated in dlf
Whlls the employe tn the factory, the rapidity which Indicates that it must ferent forms many times, ths treatment
shops, or ths wholesale house, is taken have met a genuine human need. lasting perhaps ten or fifteen minutes. The
care of and provided fcr in the best way "On the other hand, many doctors, patient was then aroused. After Mr. X
possible to ths end that he may be more health departments and hospitals ars ex- went away I asked Mr. Powell If his treat
proficient in his work, the analogy docs tending their work Into wholly new fields, ment was not In its essence the practice of
not quite hold truo in the school, but, as soclul, psychic, philanthropic, which were hypnotism.
n.ini,u1 nut hu ihu DniBh. nrinelnnl. It formerly morA or Ipsh within thn nrnvlnra KA - -.,(.-,
yv..v. wu. - - . . --
has ccme to be felt in every community
that the children are entitled to the best
K.t .., k in th. ...l.nnl Tn nn.hla
them to obtain the best results the busi-
ness end of the school has become an Im-
portant factor, together with the Installing
of more modern methods and appliances,
Tor, aa In the case of the commercial en-
terpilse where it is found that new ap-
pllances forward ths ends of the business,
It is true In ths school that modern aids
ars of great tf not greater importance.
"This new spirit, a spirit of thoughtful-
neas and conslderateness, which has en-
tcrcd Into the schools, has become estab-
llshed as much from an economic aa a hu-
manltarian standpoint." said Principal
Oraff. In aneaklna- of ths commercial side
; 7," h, .,"i
"The modern business
shop, wholesale establishment
have tnstallod modern appliances
veniencea, not - through humanitarian
tlvea. but on account of
account ot getting more
ru.H i -
methods and who have access to the mod-
era conveniences. "
Taks ths large M. E Bmlth wholesals
ry goods house as an Instance In one
respect In ths basement ef this mam-
moth establishment are found lunch rooms.
Why? For ths convenience of ths em-
ployes, tor ths saving of tlms, tor the as-
surancs that ths men will get a hearty
noonday meal and be on time for work
"Go to South Omaha and visit any ot
tha large packing houses there. Tou will
find dressing rooms and bath rooms and
lunch rooms. Why? For ths reason that
ths clothes ua workmen wear on ths
streets cannot bs worn in their work, for
ias rsasoa uiai ins men cannot go to insir
homes with ths svldeno ot their
ton on them, for th. reason that th. men
must sat and hav. not tha time to go horns
during th. noon hour.
"Asy number ot Instance, could bs cited,
but ths-s ars suffldeut to show that U
the Omaha High School is
' "i 'i.
business these Inovatlons have been found
Ami tho schools follow the community,
if not in thought, then in action,
"These new features are well grounded
in the community and when a community
decided upon better equipment and better
conveniences In its lines of Urade, the
schools try to foltow In better equipment
and better conveniences In Its work for
the trades. They look for trained men and
women and can be trained only by having
the eoulument and conveniences necessary
"But" In Installing theso modern-labor
saving devices In the schools, It Is not done
In order to bring out a certain finished
product, but to make the schools of maxl-
mum service so the pupils can get the most
DISTANT and growing move-
ment to snatch from Mother
Mary Baker-Eddy and her fol-
lower, a share of the business
of Christian Science healing ,.
menU of the youn entury. "d
basis of an article by Ray Stann.rd
er n me uecen.Ler niu.. .......
'n8. The striking features of this medico-
reng.ous movement are uuucu m ullo
"Forty Protestant churches In various
parts of the country not to speak of hun-
drcds of Christian Science churches are
now conducting 'religious clinics' or health
i .v. 1 II
i" urnim. i mo on. uc-
ginning with the work of Rev. Dr. Elwood
Worcester and his asoclate. Re. Dr. Sanv
of the church. Both minister nnd physl-
clan, In these times of spiritual unrest,
lave irrown dlKcnnLentnd with their fnmrmr
succeuses. A new relationship is seen to
exist between religion and medicine. Re-
liglon Is reaching out over debatable
ground to do the work of the doctor: the
doctor is reaching out over debatable
ground to do the work of the church.
"In order to convey an even more vivid
Idea of the method of treatment, I will
give an exact account of it as I saw It In
operation. The case In point was one
treated by Rev. Lyman P. Powell of St.
John s church, Northampton, Mass., who
has been unusually successful 1n applying
the methods of ths Emmanuel movement,
A tall, rather fine lonklmr mnMr "V
..m. n .
ui.iu ... louno
himself unable to throw off the habit. As
a final resort hs sought out Mr. Powell
" 'If you really want to be cured. I can
cure you.' said ths rector.
" 'I do want to bs cured,' said Mr. X.
"The treaments began then and there
and Mr. X report that hs has not sines
taken a drink. He has. moeover baooma
.... .' H, ... WVS . ,
. steady attendant with all his family at
Mr. Powell's church. He Is a wholly dlf-
fenert man. On the night I was thers Mr.
Powell gave him a treatment Tha man
sat comfortably In n easy chair ths
light was turned down, ths study
wa. silent and peaceful. Mr. Powell stood
behind the chair and told Mr. X to compose
himself, that he was going to sleen lust aa
he bad gone to sleep before when hs had
corns to the study.
"-Your ars going to sleep.' said Mr.
PowelL 'you ars sinkina- d.., i, ..
No noL will disturb v J,,7" '
off Into sleep. You are asleep.
off into aleeo You ara .
"Th... words, repeated numerous times,
SH! ' . 1
." " s " Us -
- - ."'" " "ut . "tine great srrort maas Dy lbs Bmmanuel out trom an over me country, m.. i. ni .av,rtlsing proved vain, and Froday settlements are signed after dinner. For
house factory, looa at an HI, but I learned that ha had movement la to ancoutua natlanta in auto- other dav from Glascow. Scotland, and ths died
and others- been under treatment for several months. , .. ,n ,., ,.,, -.v,, bv Dr. Worcester and Dr. . TI- . ' ZI.-T -V "I "JIT" "J '":m present, a
an.) rnn. His atorv wa rmini. nn n. v.. ' - - , . -"-".v u- uuuiuei to .no mia or nonor, a rew pins;
ana con- nis story was a laminar one. lis had thm!v. tn th.m . n- th.ir Mortb la verv heavv. Many ministers t--i . ,,a . .. . .. ..
mo- come a siranaer to the crtv with hia f.m ' " - - -"- mingling wun , me wtute Diooms.
.uu """n i.n.i.or to ine cny wun nis lam- tw. t. t x on.n iimn hiva eoma n atudv tha work: wi.w .w. t.. . ... . .
ths ounoslt on Hy; ha had been under a arreat .train- h. ' Z ' l"" Jmioruii. jrom eariy j.ace surrounas ine Driaal bouquet, which
ana bett" work liTfT't I""' '"T" &'OV' 'V' ""kLT" " tti MH "U MCW,Ur h' h" W'tChed h" l0n 'tr,"m"'' and f"we"
th... u .,i - . - u v vw-.uo.nvu, t- . ui .t iicuiiT tYtri iodd, i.ctury. ana Doara- ars given oy ine rortunata man to l, a
MANUAL TRAINING DEPARTMENT.
out of It, for are not the children entitled
to the best to be had In school?
"Money used In the schools Is not money
spent, It Is money Invested, and every dollar
Is used with this thought In mind; tho
development of the child In such a way
that when he or she takes on the
duties of citizenship, lie or she will be an
asset to the community. This In every
sense Is the best Investment any community
can make of funds It raises by taxation."
Renreented nn th. nhvteiil -M f th
rimaha Hlirh school Is nronertv ronhiv ...
tlmated at a valuation of $733,000. The val-
uation placed on the old high school build-
lng is $100,000, with a valuation of $300,0fc0
on the new wing and a valuation of $400,000
on the grounds. In the building It Is estl-
for - Churches
soon Induced a deep sleep on the part of
Mr. X. I could hear his steady slow breath-
lng. Then Mr. Powell began giving sug-
e.tlons In a low monotone.
- , toId you before you were not
not yield again to the drink habit. You
now into perfection of freedom. Your
-..., ..,..- uiurswiu rovun mi j
thought of alcohol. If you should take
, arm aga.n n wouia mast your uu ana
leave your wife and children without sup-
port; It would cost you your position. You
rs too good a man to drink; you are too
fine a character to be ruined by drink. In
God's name I command you therefor not
tn IrlnU invninn Viil ilrlnk .nv
more. You will use every means to keep
from drink; you will not be able to drink
v uu iiv. viicu ii tniuiiao uui yati.v.iv.,
he said; ' It Is not necessary. Our Idea, of
course, Is to Influence their subconslous
u . . , - ,
moraj weakness with suggestions of power
and virtus and strength. Ws do not
n8ej to produce a hypnotic sleep, except In
rar, cagegi t reach this end. All that la
required If a relaxation of mind and body,
fc repose, in which the deeper nature Is
open to suggestion. Ws don't know Wb,y it
is, but if good thoughts and strong pur-
poses are thus Impressed upon the mind of
a patient in times of repose these good
thoughts act upon and stimulate his life
afterward. Hs Is cured, sometimes to-
stantly, of his sloknass or his sin, but
usually ths treatments must contlnus for
. .. - .
, , k. . . ,
h lv, ol,ar tat9m,t of sthods by
Whlch 0th,r pple mV d th MJn
" Tnoss to whom auto-suggestion is an
unfamiliar thought somstlmiis find dlf-
"cully In beginning to use it They need to
know how others who have found, it helpful
m Inducing sleep actually use It. Ths
following formula, which has helped sev-
'or Illustrative purposes. If
used audibly it should bs said slowly,
drowsily, soothingly, whlspsrtngly, and
repeated till sleep comes:
" 'I am going to sleep. 1 shall not He
awake. I cannot lis awaka. I am going
to sleets. Ths tired svea ars closing. Ths
flood is flowing from my brain to my ax-
tremltlcs. Thrs Is no longer any pressurs
on ths brain. Ths muscle, ars relaxing.
.... ... m. ... n '
' " 'V . " .." v. .
7"-.. ; Th-uT-- .. '
drOWBV. I &m SOftly In kin iDtO SlCeD.
drsamiss. sleep. 1 am nkin deeper.
SUNDAY BEE: NOVEMBER
mated that the library and appurtances are
worth $30,000, text bosks $5,0:C, manual tratn-
lng appliances another $6,000 and desks
In charge of this costly property and
the extensive "business" It represents Is
one man Ellis U. Graff, principal. Every-
thing and everyone, teachers and pupils,
are accountable to him and he is accounta-
Ms for everything. With the assistance of
couple of secretaries he oversees the en-
tire establlshment-the monetary Interests
represented and the work done in the
school. It Is a large undertaking, equaling
tne r business atrairs or me ernes mu
partaking In scope of work done the com-
mercial enterprises of magnitude.
Being a business proposition, it la con-
deeper, deeper. I am almost aBleep. I am
asleep, asleep, asleep.' "
"In addition to quiet personal treatment
a largely attended meeting is held every
. Wednesday evening in the church. It Is in
Uly an apotheosis of the old ill-attended
prayer-meeting; but under ths Impetus of
th new work' PP,e come by hundred
are often 800 to 1.000 men and women
".u yTlJ.l woman
ht ask tnt ,h, mfty b
j ' i ,n .Ir.io.llnr with th
dfimon o(' dr1nk askg your pr.yerB.. TheM
are merely samples. The people kneel and
D McComb - 0P Dr. Worcester prays,
Afterwar(, lhort pract1cal address, apply-
lng the teachings of Christ to human ills,
Is given. When this service is over the
people go up to the social room where an
hour Is spent In making and renewing
acquaintances. Many of those who come
. . - -,f from these meetings
nav." , .tL," i ' anv idea of
" u u"':ult to PJ" ,7.
sAAMjAMMAMMi.rl-s t hlin sill frssl n sr rnAn
the eagerness with which suffering 'men Is your religion? Are you completely an ceased to marvel at the strength and skill
and women, Protestants, Cuthollcs, Jews, abstainer from liquors of all kinds? Much she has shown In handling heavy ham-non-believers,
have come I to Emmanuel headaches? What Is your age, height and mers.
church,' In search of the new life. Where weight? Ever married? Sick much?" Mr. Smith's family have known for some
once the ministers were compelled to go The blank also states that applicants time that he meant to make the girl black
out and urge men to corns in, it Is cliff I- must be over 22 years old, and that the smith his bride. Mlis Hageman wjs ac
cult now to find room or time for all questioner cares little for a woman who companled to tho license office by her
who come. Last winter Dr. Worcester wns wears white sneakers or shoes, white stock- mother, who gave the necessary Informa
awakened about 4 o'clock one morning by lngs, white dresses or white waists. 'Irn and her consent.
. . . . - . ., Tjr.ie a .
" aooI-beU' Ha'f rous'a. ne
tnouKht he heard a man crylnB fr'n"
lng. Ha. went to his window and looked
lng. He. went to his window and looked
out' Tnere- Prwled on his front steps,
lay tha body ot man" H rushed flown
and Pened the door and fund man
''ln ,n h's blood, his wrists cut In an
-,,tnipt to commit suicide. Dr. Worcester
aent for letr and after the necessary
medical treatment found out that the -poor
fellow was suffering from hj-pochondrla,
""f not worth living." and after a number
of treatments brought him around all right.
The young man told Dr. Wjrcester he had
heard of his work and took a last chance
to corns from Rhode Island to ses If hs
could not be helped.
..ii- i f,m Tntn
. ?"-"m:.m rr":;
i,... ... nrM tnln- nvee
thro weeks time. A small fee was charged
nd manr ,:n"ll"tr doctors, teachers and
social wwwr. wTr. ... .i..u..
Pointed Paravgrraphs. "k
Ths man who has no vocation doesn't
need a vacation. '
A man Is at his best on Sunday If thers
ls any best In him.
A poor complexion worries a woman mors
than a poor Intellect.
But a man who leads a double life never
dots two men's work.
Tha Lord freesej the water, but ws ars
sxpected to euf our own Ice.
in alter years a married man wonders
wn 'al"a 10 appreciate a soft snap
whn h had "' '
aut wn0 to tos ths
Usually ranifcins at ths foot
Th avsrags woman think, mors of h.r
I'tur. ano compi.xton man man does Of
.v.. a.. ....
a Big Business Undertaking
,. . - U J ,
"" " " 11 ' "u" 1 '.' 'I ..Vv. )JS-"'I'"
, ". f ' ' , rr i "
"'f-- ." ;. ; f ; r .'. V, .'.
;fws ' """ili-l,r II"!. X -. """'ssss:
jry. -s..pi.T tib ... - . ...
IN THE LIBRARY.
ducted on strictly business principles or-
ganised down to the last detail. The office
of the principal la the safety valve of tho
school and to him come all complaints to
be adjusted and all tangles to be straight-
ened out. This office has certain rules
which must be lived Up to, but rules which
are broken in few, very few, Instances.
For, as Mr. Graff says, when It Is a ques-
tlon of an exception being made in a case
or of Injustice being done a child, we make
the exception every time."
One of theso rules Is that every child In
the high school must take four studios, no
more, no less. 10 iase mori- biuqicb or w
take a smaller number a special dispensa-
tlon must be secured, and this through
physician's certificate. Need of the labor
Curious Capers of Cupid
ovel Method to Win u Wife
O SECURE a wife by means of
a question blank la the unique
plan now being put Into exe-
cution by D. J. Cronan, a good-
looking and well-to-do young
man, 28 years old, of North
Wilmington, near Boston,
That hA mnv not nuato anv Mm. nn
be won by a merely pretty face. Cronan
asks that any young woman who la willing
to become Mrs. Cronan first answer the
questions on his printed blank; then, to
those who pass muster, will come the op-
portunity for an interview.
Here is Cronan's matrimonial question
blank: "Can you work? Are you a good
cook? Are you healthy? Are you nervous,
cranky, or afraid of your shadow? Are
you afraid to live in the country? What
Mont for Missing; lloire.
Ta(.ob waited seven vears to win nnehei
Jacob waited seven years to win Rachel,'
but a aieenpolnt Jacob canvassed seven
mlls of Brooklyn houses to find his sweet-
heart and tell her she was heir to a smull
fortune. He probably told her something
ejge; but this is not reported.
Florence Frodey's mother was doad and
,lltt was 17 unJ housekeeper for her father,
Oscar Frodey. 374 Nussn avenue. Green-
point, lust March, when she quarreled with
hlm alul left nome Fritlay made good
money and owned real estate. He aud his
friends, including the girl's sweetheart,
tr.a m v.m t0 flnd her.
Frodey became ill last month and begged
. J,. . .. . .
oau' r ' a"
. . .
'm ureenpoini 10 wean street
.nd Flsjbush .venue, Brooklyn. In a
,-rocery shop In the latter location, after
. iong day of fruitless search, the pro-
prletor said the original of tha photograph
I was an occasional customer. After waiting
'our days In this shop ths patient young
man was rewarded.
M1" "dey entered, was instantly rec-
ogr.lsed, and Informed of 1 her father's
death, and has gone to Uvs with her uncle,
Charles Frodey, at 2007 Bryant avenue,
,n o"- "he na(i b boarding near
Dr n1 working In a department store,
I'- inherits her father's estate valued at
6,000. Tns youth who found her Is a fre
"Girl Blacksmith" Wsds.
MU, MlnnU Hageman. known as th. Girl
. " I. T . . ' " 7.1.
"-'" " "' """" u"1'' --
Alfred H ftmith vMlthv vnnuir man
GIRLS' CLtAS9 IN QYMNA9H'M.
of the child to help fill the family larder
is an 'insufficient excuse for the child to
lako less work In the schoo',. for the
high school hours are so ahovt that any
industrious youth can earn money out of
tho regular hours.
Should an accredited physician, however.
give a certificate, showing that the child
would be harmed to take as many as four
studies, that child is allowea to tuKe itiree
or possibly only two and remain in school
The same rule works the other way.
Many children want to take more than
four studies. To do so they must secure
a cunmcoie n snow inuy are auie a
take on this ex.a work and to carry It
through without any harmful effects.
Not a day passes, however, but some
smithy of Lawrenco Hageman, the bride's
The couple have gone for a tour of the
southwest, and when they return the
mother of the bridegroom will give them a
Mg reception. Mrs.,. Smith, sr., Is highly
pleased with the choice made by her son.
Yes," she said, "1 have met my new
daughter-in-law She a
woman; rides horses at breakneck speed,
swings a 100-pound hammer as though It
were a basket ball, and is every inch an
The bride Is 17 years old. Her admiring
mother-in-law neglected to say that she
is a fine shot with almost any style of
weapon, and has an expert knowledge of
the art of , blackshmlthing. The neighbors
have become accustomed to see her at
work In her father's shop, but have never
Mr. Smith has purchased as a home for
his bride one of the show places of the
vicinity, the K. u. coiDurn estate, where
rtla"". gardeners and laborers are trans-
frmlnS ho n0"0 anl Improving the
Wedding: Etiquette la Fr.nrs.
The engagement being announced and the
"dot" decided, the civil ceremony takes
place the day before the religious one and
orly the nearest relatives are present The
bride wears a pretty toilet but not her
bridal gown often the going away dress-
and ths diner de contrat takes place In the
evenlng-an elaborate repast with exquisite
decorations to which the nearest relatlvua
UBtoruon' lo wnicn me nearest relatives
ot bom fam.ne. .r. mvited. Thenainw
... .. . . .. " "
nancee mrougnout the engagement. The
fairs part. In which the wedding Is an-
nounced to ths two families, has never
gone over to England. The best man takes
the maid of honor to the bride's home on
the wedding day, and this young womin
collects ths charitable offerings In church
duiiug the ceremony in a beautiful silk and
lace trimmed bag. while the best man car
rlea her bouquet. Her father escorts the
bride to the vestry, but the young couple
leave ths church together. The carriage
In which they drve Is distinguished hv
bunches of orange blnasom on the head
bands of the horses, the servants having
Nt i-.klT Cha.res
. w '7, J! ou' u"to'CB7 "
b h,r or dinner, and you must have
yu' " "'"d. washed.
8msT.iI Johnnv T m.mmB K..s
.s-.ni , .v..i . -
M "0U 1
fond parent asks that the rules be In
fringed upon for his or her child. Many
of these request, are "flimsy." to say
the least. None ore pranted. Should tha
bars be let down in one case a precedent
would be established, and soon there would
be no rule and tho systematic methods
In vogue would go to pieces.
Principal Graff Is the man at the helm,
right here, and It is "up to him" 'to keep
the rules Intact, and by so doing to keep
the big high school running on business
prlnclp'es, for In a Imslneps age business
principles must be Invoked and lived up
to In all lines cf endeavor.
The business system of the hlph school
Is shown in another Instance. It may
be nicessnrj- for Johnny Junes to go home
right away. There ore nearly 2,001) chil
dren In the school. M.iny of these chlltlr?n
answer to the name of Jones. Many, also,
have tho Christian cognomen of John. ,
Where is the pnrtlcular Johnny Jones?
Principal Graff can tell In a minute Just
where the boy Is and Just what ho Is doing,
lie simply turns to the 'aril Index and
by running his fingers over these cards
luis Johnny located at ont e.
These cards show what studies Johnny
takes, what hours he Is In the recitation
rooms, In what rooms he recites and to
what teacher. With this aid the matter of
locating any one of tho large army of
students Is a simple matter.
I.'r. Davidson, the superintendent of In
struction, points out that It costs the city
of Omahu at the present time less than
$.15 per year fcr each pupil enrolled In
the public schools, or. In other words, It
would cost at the present rate; $K5 to glvs
each pupil In the public schools of Omaha
thli teen full years of schooling. This by
starting htm In at the kindergarten and
graduating him from the high school. "A
mere bagatelle," ths dector characterizes
"Contrast this infinitesimal Investment
in the schools with the expense account
of tho criminal court which deals witlt
reformation,' and see what you find?" asks
"I know of one instance alona which cost
(20,000 to send one poor wretch to the pen
itentiary in hope that In some way his
reformation might be accomplished.
"It would be Interesting to compare thin
total expense of our criminal courts yi
the total amount Invested each year In our
public schools. I am sure that no mors
striking Illustration could he given In proof
of the fact that It Is cheaper to form char
acter than to reform It."
"It should be umlorht od In this connec
tion that the. vast majority of criminals
have become such before reaching the age
of 25, and that they belong, so far us
their connection with the public schools
Is concerned, to that class known as dere
licts. This fact only demonstrstes ths
wisdom of having In connection with every
public school system parental or special
schools where children showing evidence
of 'abnormalism' shall b given the special
care which their needs demand If they ars
to be kept from becoming an expense to
the community through a criminal career.
"The chief business of the puhllo school
(and in this the high school comes last and
therefore wields a stronger Influence) Is
not with reading, writing and arithmetic,
but with the formation of character. And
formation Is cheaper than reformation, as
the criminal records show.
"Money spent upon tile public schools is
always an investment, never an expense.
Every dollar paid In school taxes brings
back to the community large dividends In
that great body of educated youths who
are to become the men and women of to
morrow the thinkers and doers i In ths
larger life of the republic which lies Imme
diately before us. As It was said a cen
tury or more ago, "Education Is the chief
defense of nations:" so it can still be said.
In different phraseology, that "without ths
public school system ,and the puhllo school
teacher this republic could not hop. to last
beyond the span of a generation." It
should be written large in the hearts of ths
American people that ths public school
pays aa an Investment pays In terms of
happier men and women whose Inner lives
have been Illumined; pays In terms of a
more enlightened and Intelligent people,
paya In terms of a more stable and a
broader citizenship, psys In terms of mors
comfortable homes, pays In terms of moral
growth and spiritual uplift, and pays In
terms of that Inward longing and upward
striving for those better things of life which
n.aik the age as the best age known in ths
history of man."
Statistics have been produced to show
that the earning capacity of the average
man Increases in proportion to his years
The hoy who quits school at the end of
the sixth grade h:ts an earning capacity,
on the average, cf from 00 to 1360 a
ye:ir. If a boy f'nlslies the graded school
work und completes elsht years' schooling
his average earning capacity will be from
$350 to a year. Should this boy take
a hltfh school course composed of four
more years, or a total schooling of twelve
years, Ms earning capacity is increased
on the average to frcm $5o0 to $1.0A.
Does not a high sctnx 1 education pay
thn, ask school authorities.
Dr. Davids-m. the superintendent, sums
up the whole question with tho ono sim
"The high School, even when measured
by the standpoint of the dullar and placed
In eompttltion and on a plane with ths
bjiiness affairs, pays a un Investment,
pays in dillars and cents and pays ths
largest dividends. It is a truism that an
educated people produce more and con
sums more of the world's products than
does an uneducated people. All this makes
for the material prosperity of a nation, and
bankers, merchants, professional men ail k
laboring men shar ltk ia thin prasoar f