Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 1, 1908)
'lino Omaha suNftAf- ijr.Fr xoVKMiihii i, ijos.
TlTT Morr.RTV FOR
kT "We have authority to r.ell a Rood eight-room house
only four years old, -with as, hath, hot and cold water,
good collar, laundry pink, with hot and cold water con
nections, toilet in basement, four bed rooms on second
floor besides bath room, one bed room on first floor,
large kitchen, maple floor, biff dining room, east front,
lot 6.3x120, fino shade, fruit, shrubbery, chicken house,
-craent walks, all for $2,000, subject to about' $1 40.00 in
paving taxes, payable annually. There is a building and
loan mortgage. on -the. property for $1,500, the balance,
$1,400, is to be cash. The improvements are worth $2,600,
the lot is worth $900, total $3,500, for $2,900; immediate
PAYNE, BOSTWICK & CO.,
SOLE AGENTS .
Main Floor N. Y. Life Bldg.
WEST LEAVENWORTH district building
lots. 1100 to 11715. Kaslest terms. Mitilaff,
fifiio tvovcn worth. Phone llarnev
(19) 900 lx
LIST your property with Chris Boyer, 22d
and Cuming- tit. 113) O
FARM AND HAS CM LAX11 FOR SALE
FARM AND FRUIT LAND.
Denver Greely district, under Irrigation;
sua-ar beets, alfalfa, general farmlns and
fruit raising; low price, easy payments.
National Investment Co., 6S2 lirandeis
B1U., Omaha. Tel. Douglas JK31.
r ()) TEA
COLORADO IRRIGATED LAND.
10,000 acres, surrounded by sugar factories,
ni-itr Rocky Ford; small or large tracts;
easy terms; Santa Kb railway traverses
tract for nine miles, with three stations;
land adjoins La. Junta, a thriving city of
6.BC0 people; sugar lwl, cantaloupes,
fruit, grain and alfalfa bring enormous
yields; farmers make from l.'o to $J)0 per
acre clear profit; mild, sunny winters;
absolutely reliable water right, with enor
mous storage reservoir owned and oper
ated by farmers themselves; land will en
hance very rapidly and Is a great bar
gain: write for free illustrated book. I -a
J-.inta I.nd Co., ff-'O ganta Fe Ave.. Ia
Junta. Colo. (30)-139 lx
nClTCSJ T, WHS! Write tor atata map,
LuYiMJO booklet and weather
report, aont free.
BAZEL J. MliEK, CHILLICOTHE, MO.
. AN IDEAL HOME
Twenty acres, 5-room cottage, barn, etc.;
nuhnnt' in ltV I i m 1 1 . ut Pi t t STTl Oil t h .
Neb.'; Improvements alone worth 2,50O.
Price. $4,600, one-third cash.
HASTINGS & HETPEN LAND DEPT.,
220 S. 17th St.
An excellent dairy farm containing 27
acres, located 34 miles southeast of
Schuvler. Colfax county. Nebraska; rents
for $3 per acre cash. This is a fine all
purpose farm; 65 acres under cultivation,
runs about 2il0 head of cattle, cuts about
200 tons of hay, with 20 acres of choice
alfalfa on the place: exceptionally good
set of buildings; large house, barn, hog
house, cattle sheds, etc.; especially fitted
for feeding purposes; 40 acres fenced hog
tight; steam cooker, spring, creek thut
never freezes; plenty of timber for all
purposes; fenced and cross fenced; price
only t9 per acre; part cash.
AllTHUK C. GROSSMAN,
218 Chamber of Commerce,
41at St., just south of Ames Ave; the best
map in city, $1,350.00.
V. U. WEAD, WeaU Blk, 18th and Famam.
(Jd MiW 1
10 ACRES. A SACRIFICE..
Improvements worth $Kt; good soil for
garden truck; near excellent market.
This place must be sold at once. Owner,
34S3 Meredith Ave., Omaha. (20) M'D
1,000 ACRES fine Texas land at $6.30 per
acre, Investigate now. Charles B. Wil
son, Mondamlii. la. (.20) M8S2 lx ,
A CLEAN PROFIT OF $?W IN 1W DAYS
on every 40 acres purchased before No-vemln-r
If you are Interested In the wonderful
ptoi tunllles offered )v the- Kansas City,
Mexico & Orient Railway Co. In the fa
mous Pecos valley of Texas and want to
Know more about it. call nt the office of
the local attorney and represent. Hive of
THE KANSAS CITY. MEXICO & ORIENT
RAILWAY CO., 6M0 PAXTON KI.OCK,
OMAHA. 2fl)-M73 1
CIO to southwest Texas -with the Alllson
Hlehey Land Co. They will sell you
cheap, fertile, prairie lands with abund
ant rainfall, pure water and excellent
climate. Excursions the firxt and third
Tuesdays of each month. Write for Il
lustrated booklets. The Allison-Klchey
Land Co.. Moore Bldg., ban Antonio,
Texas; Wulnwright lllilg., HI. Ixjuib, Mo.;
Union Depot, Kansas City. Mo. i-0
YOU CAN MAKE SO PER CENT.
Tuvest your savings in land In Arcadia,
th home of the big winter apple; one-tenili
down and balance on hiiiuII monthly' pe.y
Riciit) I oration, 22 mllea from Spokane,
ou the Sixikmirt Falls A Northern, con
nwt'ting wILli three transeoMliieutuI rail
roads. Soil t lie bost. climate ideal. Aver
o lmiM'iulur, summer,. e- degrees; t.Iii
ter. 30 degrees. We plant the trees, culti
vate, prune, spray and care for tlieni for
four yeava frn of cost. Yon can continue
yvur present work and at the end of four
years get a, property paying at least $l.(Ki
per year per ai-re. Investigate this. sSdid
for our literature; it will pay you. dram
V lye, (Inc.), MI American Bank HLU.,
lieattle. Wash. l20
WHEN writ lug to advertisers, kindly men
tion Th Bee.
THIS MUST (30 THIS "WEEK
Section good farming land, well located;
one crop will more than pay for iL. lunj
close to this selling from 1 to $im) an
acre; owner of this must have money
and will sell at $1 Ui an acre if aild ut
National Investment Co.,
62 Brandels Bldg.,
REAL ESTATE FOR RENT
FARMS FOR KENT.
To anperieivceU German gardener only. 18
acres of rich garden land, together with
improvements: one mil north of Florence.
N. P. IXJlKiE A CJ., 1714 Ksrnam Si.
city rnoriiR-rr for SAt.K.
REAL ESTATE LOANS
FIVE PER CENT
money to loan on
Omaha Business Property.
Room 1, New York; Llfa Bldg.
MONET TO BUILD.
$.vv to tano.oio at current rates.
W. H. THOMAS, 603 First Nat. Bank Bldg.
Money to build in sums of $1,000 to
503 First Nat'l Bank Bids.
W, H. Thomas,
(U2) M144 lx
WANTED City loans. Peters Trust Co.
PRIVATE STONE Y NO' DELAY.
GARVIN BROS., 19(4 FARNAM.
PAYNE. BOSTWICK A CO., N. Y. Lita.
Private money; $0u0 to $3,ww; low rate.
CITY AND FARM LOANS.
Ed L. Culver.
::i4-S15 New York Life.
Mercantile Incorporating comoanv: will
Incorporate) your business correctly. S14-3U
is. y. ilte. (:)
T2.000 TO LOAN on city improved property
at 6 per cent. Address Y 13, Bee.
LOWEST RATES Bemls. Paxton block.
WANTED City loans and warrants. W
Famam Smith & Co., 1320 Famam St.
Always on hand and tor sale in
amounts from $300 to $3,000.
BENSON & MYERS,
412 N. .Y. Life Bldg.
$100 TO $10,000 made promptly. F. D. Wead,
Wead Bldg., lsth and Famam. (22) 759
WANTED Information regarding a good
farm for sale; not particular about loca
tion; wish to hear from owner on'y. v.'ho
will sell direct to buyer; give price, de
scription and state when possession can
be had. Address L. Derbyshire. Box
liilUA, nocnester, N. Y. (23)
MONEY TO IX)AN-Payne Investment Co,
PRIVATE money to loan. J. H. Sherwood,
616 Brandels Bldg. (22) 761
LOANS of $600 to $0,000 on Omaha resi
O'KEEFE REAL ESTATE CO..
1001 N. Y. Life Bldg.
PRIVATE FI NDS to loan on second real
CHtato morlgageK. Apply room 218 First
isational Bank Bldg. Bell Phone Doug
ZtlS- (22) hm Nov 2ft
REAL ESTATE WANTED
7 nil g-KOOM, ill good neighborhood; west
ivuliiwi-m, cusii uuyer; 94. OOll to Ii.OXt
no agents. Address B 718, care Boe.
WANTED Unimproved land or lots; will
give my shares of stock in a reliable in
dustrial corporation for same. Describe
what you have and state value. Address
i-eicr Aiainew, Orion, 111. (23) M166 lx
HIGHEST prices for 2d-hand furniture, car
pels, rlotnes and shoes. Tel. Doug. 3971
WANTED Two good second-hand fireproof
doio. Aiiut'ijtuut'iii Ltkimoer tjo.
RIGHT pikes paid for Sd-hand furnltme
carpets, stoves, clothing, slioes. Tel. Red
TWO or three loaves of 1 om.maIi; blond
neeuiy. leiepnoiie ilarney .-r.s.4. eveninps
WANTED TO RENT
WANTED A furnished house for the win
ter. about 8 rooms, by responsible parly
tiivitcoB, nun fiui iieuiars, i-jo. are ise.
WANTED To rent next vear. small nlnr
& or lu acres; prefer place suitable for
poultry. Auuress v lio, care Bee.
(2H M233 3x
I I KMMib ) house ill Witt Furnam !!.
Iiit. for two or three months. Address
a i::, care ijco. (20) M22 lx
YOl'NG man with elsht years' cxin-iLmu
in general merchandise, wants oosltioi
must be in city; bei of references fur
lushed. AdilrcSH 1 care Bee.
LAl'LlUEM EH stemiKiaDliers: cellet.
r. fernces. tl, Omaha Bee, Council Bluffs,
(27) M 223
YOl'NG MAN wishes iiosltlon as stenni-
rapher; can also act us salesman and
ncip on uooks. Auuress x iut. Bee.
OFKICK SITI'ATIOX -A businesswoman
wun ten years exMTI.iico In office wotk
il'-Mies a Dmiilon. Kei'iimiiiciitli-d by
former employer as bookkeeper or con
fnleniial clerk, tiood reasons for chang
ing employment. Address C 718. cam
Hee. f 27j JvS9 lx
YOINU LAKY attending school desires
proftiablo Work, afternoons ami Mat Ur
du) a. L. U. 4l'i0 llodgtj streets.
A1 8TKNOORAPHKH. years' eupcrlence;
blithest references. Tel. South 177 or JWS.
WE have In stork (no ricisv) repairs for
every make of fornnce, steam or hot water
heaier, water fronts.
OMAlfA STOVR RF.PA1U WORKS,
im-O DoiiKlaa Ft.
Telephones: Bell, Douglas "0; Ind.. A-M?l.
. i iiwtiiii.i isjw innvjiinqimm
Next Tuesday we will
S2t Steel TIRES for;
Next Tuesday we will
set 2 Steel TIRES for
and earnestly solicit
1 This shop is headquar
ters for all kind cf Au
mobile repairing or
parts fsr either Repub
lican or Democratic
18th and Harney.
THE SOUTH OMAHA' AND WESTERN
KA1L,KUAU uuunrAn i special Aieet
Ine. Omaha, Neb., October 7, lilt. A spe
cial meeting of the stockholders of The
Bouth Omaha and Western Railroad Com
pany will be neiu ai cn oitice or tha
ConiDany in Omaha, Ntb., on Friday. De
cember 18, 1908, at 11 o'clock a, m., for tha
purpose 'of authorising and providing- lor
the sale of the railroad of The bouth Omaha
and Western Katlroud Company, with ita
franchises anu appurtenanues, us real es
tate and personal property, to Union Pa
cifio Railroad Company, tha consideration
(or such sale to be tna cancellation or
tha bonds ahd satisfaction ot the mort
gage of said The South Omaha and Western
Kallroad Company, and tha assumption of
all its other Indebtedness by tha said
Union Paciflo Railroad Company; and for
the purpose of transacting all such other
business as may legauy come Derore tha
meeting. For tha purposes of the meeting
the books tor the transfer of stock will
be closed at 3 o'clock p. m. on Monday.
December 7. 1908. and will be reopened at
10 o clock a. m. on Saturday, uecembor
19, lSWi. T. M. UKK, Secretary. Odtol318
REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS
Frank J. Persons and wife to Ray
mond Greene, lot 5. Hwetnanvs auo
(1 virion $ '
John Steel and. wife to Nina 13. Rich,
lot 8, Luke & Templeton s actua
tion James Morton & Son company to
Kmma J. Morton, lots w ana it,
block 118. Dundee Place I
Nina H. Rich to John Steel, lot 6,
Thumus K. Price to Jacob J. Cham
bers, oart of nvl.i of sw4 of X-lb-1.1.,
Edwin F. Brailey, sheriff, to the
Michigan Insurance company, lot
block 3. Denises addition :
Michael 11. Van Uutikirk et ul. to
lOdwin McManus. won teet ot n'i ot
lot D. block 1. lark Place
Samuel F. Rurlon to John Murtey, cl2
feet of lot 10, block lli, llanscoin
Jens Nlelson and wife to Ed Phelan,
n1", of lot i2, block 7, Drakes addi
tion , !.
RAILWAY TIME CARD
VNIOI STATION 10T1I AND MASOX
a 8:6o am
.a 3.S0 pin
.a 4:10 pm
a ;) am
,a 4:0 pm
a 8:10 pm
a 0:00 put
a 5:00 pm
a f 15 pin
a b-45 pm
a B.cki pi n
a 4:45 pm
u 7:v6 am
f1itl,,rnHi, Ti" v in fMH. . .
l.os Angeies umnca...
China and Japan Mail.
Vnrt It l'lmtl I 1
Colo. -Chicago Speciul...
lleatrlce & Utromsburg
bl2:30 pm b 1:40 pm
Chicnirn Exnress a 7:1a am a 3:43 om
ChicuKO Limited a 6:00 pm a i.'M am
Minn. -St. Paul Lxpreiss.b i:! uu
Minn.-SL Paul Lim a 6:00 pm a k:30 am
f hlraao A 3STlfcTestrn
Chicago Daylight a 7:15 am
Ut. Paul-Minn, lixp l'mi
Chicago laical aJl:J0ain
tiloux City Passenger. ..a 3:b0 pin
Cliicngo lipe.clal a 6:W) pun
St. paul-Mlun. Limited. a 8:20 pm
Loa Angeles Limited a b:30 pin
a 3:2s pr.i
a U-10 am
a K:( am
a 8:13 am
a 8:35 pm
a 9:'A am
a I:u0 am
a 5:i pm
a K-20 pm
b i: pm
b 1 :S5 pm
11 :i" pm
Overland Limited al0:o pm
Bloux City Local a 60 pm
Twin City Limited a :20 pm
Norfolk-Boneateel a 7:W am
IJncolr-Long Pine a 7:0 am
Dcadwood-Lincoln a S:oO pin
Caser-Lander a 3:ot pm
Hastings-Superior b t: pm
Fremont-Albion b 6:W pin
Cbleasxo Great Western
Bt. Paul-Minoeapoll 30 (rn
St. Paul-Minneapolis 7:30 are
Chicago Limited : pm
Chicago Express 7:30 am
Chicago Express l-M pm
St. Louis Express a 6:30 prn a 9:25 am
St. Louis iocal, (from
Council Blufrs) a 8:00 am all :1s pm
Etanberry Local (from
Coui.c.1 Bluffs) b S:00 tun bl0:lS am
Ckiraco, MllwaaW.ee St. Paal
Chi. Sc CAo. Special. ... a 7:.t kin all:0Aam
Cal. & Ore. Express. .. .a :00 m a t.ib pni
Overland LtnaUd a ' pm a :30 am
Perry i-ocal b b.l'j put Li 1 & am
Iklcago, Ilock. Islam I'aclflo -
Chicago Limited...." a ZM am all:rjpm
Iowa Local a 7 00 am a 4:30 pin
Kocky Mountain U4.... l:m ll:ipru
Dea Moines fc Eastern.. ?:u am a 4.30 piu
Des Motives PJnaeuaor-. 4.00 pm al:30 pm
Iowa 1am al bll twain b 8 iA pm
Chicago ilOasiern Exi-.a 4:40 pin a 1:10 pm
Chicago Flyer a ti.-S pm a t.ib am
Roky Mountain Lid...all:li pm a J 50 am
-olo. A. Cal. Express.. a l:'M pm a 4.30 pm
Okl. Texas Expiess..a I.4U pm a 1 15 pm
K. C. at St. L. Express.. :00 am a (.43 ani
K. C. b u L. E.c4.all:ls pm a i.ao pm
IF EUROPE HOLDS CONGRESS
Caution and Ceremony Make It a
MONTHS FOB. THE PRELIMINARIES
Entrrlalniurnta t'onsiiair lore Time
Than Deliberations I wa a a
Ciorsrvaa Affair Prraonnrl
sua d I'rocrdore.
NEW TORK, Oct. SI. (Special.) If a
congress of tha powers of Europe should
be called to settle the Balkan question
once again It la not at all likely that the
sessions would begin before next year.
There are all sorts of reasons for this
slow-going preparation; all aorta of pour
parlers have to be excrrRnRvd between the
governments Interested. The subjects to
be discussed by the congress have to be
selected and defined with great care.
Whole volumes of diplomatic correspon
dence, therefore, are exchanged before the
date of the meeting is even considered.
There are other questions of detail. There
Is the size of the congress to be determined,
involving tha admission or exclusion of
minor powers and secondary parties to the
matters at Jssue. There is the selection of
the place, which Is usually either a strictly
neutral city or the capital of one of the
leading powers concerned.
And when verythlng else Is arranged
each power haa problems of lis own to
solva. There is the choice of delegates,
for Instance, and of their assistants. The
representation as a whole must be a many
headed, or rather, perhaps, a many-faced,
Varletr of Talent Weeded.
One or more of Its members must be
statesmen of tried and trusted powers.
Some one among them must be a personage
of dignity, the holder of a high office or
the possessor of a great name. There must
be someone who Is accustomed to the
etiquette of courts.
There must be someone who Is a skilled
entertainer. Our old friend, the hand
shaker, the professional genial, mint be
very much In evidence. There must be a
ready writer and a ready speaker, and
withal there must bo in the delegation In
one or more of Its members a profound
knowledge of history, geography, International-
law and, above all, an expert ac
qualntance with the special subject which
is to be taken up.
While the actual delegation Itself seldom
Includes more than two or three plenipoten
tiaries, these are always re-enforced by a
host of councillors, secretaries, lnterpre.
ters, experts and gentlemen runners, so
that in fact they make up quite a formi
dable body. The longress of Vienna, held
In 1814, was attended by more than 600
Even when the entire personnel of each
delegation Is determined the congress is
still some weeks or months off, for every
one who Is going to it will demand a con
siderable period In which to make a study
of the subject. When the plenipotentiaries
actually start they are sure to take with
them hundreds of volumes snd stacks of
documents sufficient to fill many freight
(Arrival of Diplomats.
At last the visiting delegations begin
to pour Into the chosen city of the con
gress, and thenceforth there Is a great
and gorgeous time there. Each batch of
plenipotentiaries will have secured for
Itself either s fine mansion or at least an
entire floor in a hotel. An army of news
paper men from all over the world has
assembled in advance, sightseers, . amuse
ment providers and seekers, the huge mis
cellaneous crowd that chases excitement
from place to place Is already in waiting.
As the plenipotentiaries arrive they are
met at the railway stations by high officials
of the entertaining foreign office, some
times by military escorts and royal car
riages. They are escorted as guests of the
state to their quarters, but before they
have time to settle down there they are
obliged to rig themselves In full court cos
tume to begin the round of formal visits.
They call upon the foreign secretary of
the entertaining state and on Its ntler.
pliey call upon each other, and then they
go nome and receive the calls of every-
ooay else in return. Some days are oc
cupied In this Indispensable formality.
A round of entertainments Is begun at
the same time. Two-thirds of the time
during which the congress sits Is spent In
revelry. The actual sessions probably aver
age far less than two hours a day.
Splendid Quarters Provided,
When the plenipotentiaries come together
In their first regular session they find that
a splendid suite of apartments haa been pro
vided for them. At the congress of licr
lin Prince Bismarck threw open his own
home, the Radzlwlll palace, for the ses
sions. There is not only the great assembly
room; there ate rooms besides for secre
taries and experts, for private consulta
tions and for committee .meetings. Spe
cial telegraph wires were run Into a room
RAILWAY TIME CARD-C""
BUULINGTON S'l'A. iUTH 4t MASO.V.
Denver i California.... 4:10 pr.i
Nortu cst Special a 4:10 pm
Black Hills a 4.10 pni
Northwest Express ,...ail:59 pm
Nebraska points a 8:45 am
Nebraska Express a 8:15 am
Lincoln Fast Mail b 1:20 ?si
Schuyler-Plattsmouth ..b S:10 pm
Bellevue-Plattsmouth ..a 8:00 pin
Plattsmouth-lowa b 8:18 am
Bellevue-Plattsmouth ..C 1:35 pm
Denver Limited ... 4:10 pm
Chicago Special a 7:25 am
Chicago Kxpress a 4:10 pm
Chicago Flyer a :30 pm
Iowa Local a 9:16 am
St. I-ouU Express a 4:45 pm
Kansas City & St. Joe..a!0:45 pm
Kansas City & St. Joe.. a 8:15 am
Kansas City A St. Joe.. a 4 15 pm
a 3:60 pm
a 8:08 am
a 8:10 p;n
a 6:10 pia
b 8:08 am
a 7:50 pm
a 8:6 J am
b 1 :06 pm
C 2:40 pm
a 7.06 am
all 45 pm
a 3:55 pm
a 1 W am
all 30 am
a 6 30 am
a 6:19 pin
WKBHTER STA10TH X WEBSTER.
Chicago, It. Paal, Minneapolis X
Twin City Passenger. ..b 6:30 am h :') nm
Z'OO nm nin-TJI m
CHfllA I J m "
e.merson JjOcri ..
Emerson Local .
...c 8:4S am e 5:15 pm
...b b:U pm b 9:19 am
Auburn Local b 3:60 pm bli:TS am
a Daily, b Dally except Suniuy. c Sun
day only, d daily except Saturday. dally
FVBIJtlED AT OMASA.
Best Railway Guide for Iowa,
Nebraska, Soutli Dakota, Wyom
ing and adjoining portions of
Minnesota, Missouri, Kansas and
NOW ON SALE
AI.Ii JTSWB-STAiroS 86c
near by snd In the most modern events
of (he kind first rato accommodation Is
prodded for the hewspiiper men. This
win not so at Berlin when Bismarck did
his utmost to kcp all Information from
The first meeting Is a very ceremonious
affair for that matter, all the meetings
are. The members pf the congres and
their nttfniJants are more gorgeously ar
rnyed than Salomon In ill his glory. Those
who are military officers are In their
highest degree of gold lace, civilians wear
the diplomatic uniform, knee breeches,
swallow-tailed coats and cocked hats, the
coat and breeches of royal blue cloth en
crusted with gold lace.
How Conference la Orcaalsed.
The proceedings nre opened with speech
by the foreign minister of the entertain
ing country, or by the leading plenipoten
tiary of the country summoning the con
gress. Then the president is elected. He
Is likely to be either the entertaining for
eign minister or some distinguished repre
tatlve of neutral or disinterested power.
Bismarck was chosen In both cspacltles at
Tha next step depends upon the makeup
of the gathering. Where the actual mem.
bcrshlp of the congress is limited nnd
where the subject of discussion Is slnglo
and coherent, the congress Is apt to act
as committee of the whole throughout
the discussion. This was the case with
the congress of Berlin.
The members of that body were the
representatives of the great powers Eng
land, France, Germany, Austria and Rus
sia, with Turkey let in on account of her
superlative concern in the occasion. The
only variation that took place was the
admission of Roumanla, Servla, Bulgaria,
Montenegfo and Greece, when their Im
mediate Interests were taken up.
But In large conferences, such as the
peace gatherings of 1905 and last year at
The Hague and the congress ot Vienna,
where practically every nation In Europe
was represented, the custom Is to divide
the work of the congress nmong various
commissions. At The Hague last yetr
those In turn were subdivided, for the con
sideration of various topics, into a number
of minor groups.
Where commissions are appointed a vast
amount of diplomatic skill has to be dis
played by the chosen president ot the
congress in the 'allotment of the members
and in the choice of presidents and vice
presidents and honorary presidents for
each subdivision In order that no Indi
vidual and no country may feel that it has
Real tfrorlf Done In Secret.
However earnestly the sessions of the
congress may be conducted, and whatever
appearance they may have of shaping the
results, however solemn the voting on these
may appear to be, it is not Infrequently
the case that the real work is done in
secret and outside of the regular sessions.
Tli us at the congress of Vienna, which
readjusted the map and the policies of
Europe after tha Napoleonic wars, tho
real determining act was a secret treaty
negotiated by Lord Castlereagh, the chief
English plenipotentiary, witli France and
Austria and a number of the small powers
to curb the overweening ambition of Russia
At the treaty of Paris similar secret
agreements were made to protect the in
tegrity of the Turkish dominions. At the
congress of Berlin Disraeli, the head ot the
English delegation, and Count Gnrtchakpff,
the chief Russian, all but reached an open
rupture at the open session. But Bismarck
privately intervened. He talked with the
two statesmen and presently he brought
them together, nnd the result was a pri
vate understanding which made all the
rest of the work of the congress easy.
At the close of each day's session a re
port of the proceedings in drawn up for
record. This is called the protocol. The
original is filed In the foreign office of
the entertaining country and copies are de
livered to each of the plenipotentiaries.
The latter forward copies of it, together
with their own reports of the proceedings
and statements of their views, dally to
their capitals. In esses where they are
not themselves the heads of the govern
ments of their states they often have to
wait for Instructions based on these re
In former times this involved enormous
delay. It Is not surprising that in the old
times of difficult travel European con
gresses lasted for years. But nowadays,
with the aid of the telegraph and cipher
codes, daily sessions are entirely feasible
without the delegates exceeding their
powers or involving their governor tin with
Thus the congress of Berlin was able
to eomplote Its deliberations in Just a
month. It lasted from- June 13 to July 13,
1S78. Evidently Bismarck, who called It
and dictated Its close, was nit supersti
tious. If the last Hague congress stretched
itself out over several months this wis bo
cause It was not very Intense afl'ulr and
there was no particular reason for cutting
short the f btlvitics which attended its
One by one, as the points under dis
cussion aro settled, the results, In the form
of memoranda, are confided to expert
draughtsmen to lie incorporated Into the
terms of a treaty. Usually each article
is in final shape at th..? next session after
it is outlined, and It Is then voted on and
accepted by the delegates.
It must be remembered, however, that tho
voting at an International congress has
no resemblance to that which 'IjUch place
In a legislative body. The majority docs
not rule. Each party to the congress Is
an Independent and sovereign state, which
cannot be coerced, except, of course, by
war. Therefore every xjii to be effective
nius' bo unanimous.
Final Ante on Treaty.
And. after all, when the work la done
and all the agreements are couched In dip
lomatic circumlocution, the congress comes
together once again to finally vote upon
the treaty as a whole and to execute it
by fixing the signatures of the plenipo
tentiaries. Each country concerned has its
own copy elaborately engrossed on parch
ment and usually a copy Is deposited In
the archives of the entertaining slate.
Then conies the last acts of all very like
the first ones. The diplomats are once
more received In state by their host, the
emperor, king or president; there Is per
haps a final grand state feed. The mem
bers mnko a final round of cillu upon each
other and then they are whisked off In
their speciul trains with their experts,
councillors, secretaries, gentlemen runners,
books and papers, bag and baggago, and
Europe settles down to try and llvo as
well as it can under the conditions they
have provided for It.
Though more lias' been heard of them of
late than a generation or so ugo, chiefly
owing to the efforts of the peace advo
cates. International congresses are no new
thing in Europe. The first . gathering
worthy of the name wa that of Munatcr
and Osnabruck, which was called for 164i.
but did nut actually meet until K4I. and
continued lis sessions until 10M. when It
ended the thirty years' war wl'h the peace
This conference occupied two clths, be
cause nil the Protestant delegates met ii
one and all the Catholic delegates In the
other. Nearly a year's time was consumed
in settling questions of etiquette and pro
cedure. Since that time, down to and Including
the Algertraa conference, but omitting the
pence congresses, the historians mention
somn thirty-three as having I wen railed.
Only tmnly-flvn of these, however, are
regarded as having actually matured and
The principal ones were those of Utrecht,
which ended the war of the Spanish suc
cession. In ISIS; tho congress of Vienna In
IM4; the congress of Perls held at the
close of the Crlnvwi war. In ls&s, which
settled the question of the near aat fur
twenty years or so, and that of Berlin,
which followed the Russo-Turklsh war,
bnotight the work of the treaty of Paris
up to dace and created the conditions which
in the main hnve prevailed until tha sud
den action of Austria "and Bulgaria cou
ple ot weeks ago.
PROGRESS INJCEMENT WAKING
Aanaslns; Development of the ladaa
try and Ita Impor
tance, Statlntlca compiled by the UnlleJ States
geological survey show the amazing de
velopment of the cement Industry In this
country. In 1W the total production was
2,:M,903 barrels, valued at l3,724,!XXi. I.ust
year 4S.7S6,3?0 barrels of cement were man
ufactured In tho United States, of an es
timated value of "3.t:5.',4.
It Is doubtful If any other big Industry
In the country can show practically a
doubling ot Its output every two years for
period of ten years. The Increase In
the use of tia material undoubtedly la due
In a large measure to the steady decrease
in prices. This Is more remarkable In view
of the fact that one concern the North
American Portland Cement company owr.s
patents covering tha modern methods of
manufacturing, and fully 70 per cent of the
cement of this country Is made either by
that company or by concerns licensed to
use its processes.
In 1!07, when about 2,400.000 barrels of
Portland cement were made here, the
average price was $1.64 per barrel; that of
natural hydraulic cement was 60 cents per
barrel, while cement made from slag, sold
for $1.50 per barrel. The average prices
per barrel last year were; Portland ce
ment, $1.10; natural hydraulic, CI cenls;
slag, 79 cents. During the past ten years
the price of lumber has advanced 100 per
Despite tho Increased production In this
country we have Imported annually since
1837 from 1.000.009 to 2.500.00O barrels of ce
ment. During the same period our ex
ports of cement ranged from 62,761 barrels
In 1897 to 1,450.841 barrels Inst year.
That our manufacture cement will
have a normal growth In the future, us
compared with other industries by the
fart that last year only 2.0O0.OCO barrels
more were produced than In while the
increase of 1906 over 1 was 11.500.010 bar
rels. The panic, of course, caused a de
crease in the demand for cement not only
at ome but abroad, yet not to an extent
to seriously affect the industry.
While the ratio of Increase In prod jc lion
of previous years will not be nialuiuincd.
it is certain that the cement Industry will
continue to grow. The adaptability of ce
ment for nearly all structural purposes lias
been demonstrated. It has allayed the fears
aroused by the decrease In our timber
supply through the devastation of forests.
The Increased production of cement at re
duced price has enabled us to conserve our
timber. It is not very long ago that our
houses were built wholly of wood. Today
houses are built almost without any wood,
while metal furniture in them takes the
place of wood.
Pennsylvania is the banner state for ce
ment production, owing to its having ihe
greatest output of slag from iron and steel
Last year Pennsylvania's cement output
was 20,38,5 barrels. New Jersey took sec
ond place with 4. 449,bVH barrels, while In
diana ranked third with 3.7Si.8ll barrels.
Michigan manufactured i.Vi'-S barrels,
Kansas S,363.M5. barrels. Illinois 2,(,;li.Oi
barrels, Kentucky and Missouri 3,18i;.f23 bar
rels, California and Washington 1,W3,C04 bar
rels, Colorado, Utah, Texas, South Dakota,
and Arizona 1.339.000 barrels, and Alabama,
Georgia, West Virginia, and Virginia 1 ,-'T4.-470
barrels. Chicago Inter Ocean.
PERILS OF "JOY RIDING"
A Roast for Reckless Chnnffeurs Held
Responsible for Many
The sensational features of the esca
pades Indulged in by chauffeurs who are
prone to assume all the license that u
forbidden to owners huw brought upon
the entire craft the odium f idame I'm
a universal tyranny such ni ha at
tached to no other lo.ly of Americans,
even In politics.
The first, and most objectionable, In
vasion of public and private rights is
the now notorious "Joy ride,", ulrendy
legislated agtilnst In several -Uuie.v In
cluding Ohio, with special laws liiinle
necessary by the habitual reluctance or
owners to employ ordinal- precautions
and to act under the common la .v.
The motor cur is still too recent a
factor In civilisation for Cue assemblage
of reliable, general stattilics, exyept on
the most haphazard scale; and "joy lin
ing," as a Hpeclul factor In accidents, is
an element that has come into promi
nence so lately that there are no sta
liKtics at all.
As early as three yeuiM ago. In New
York City, a four months' eonipariHou
showed twelve killed and tixty-ouo in
jured In auto accident. aain-t only
thirty-one killed and 32 Injured by all
the horse-drawn vehicles or the great
city and ninety-seven killed und 173 in
jured by all its street cars.
The percenlugo of those auto acci
dents that was clue to the heedlessness
of drivers other than their owners tan
not even be guessed at, any more than
the total number of "Joy rides" can be
surmised In comparison with the rutiH
made by cars occupied by the pfi'scn,
who have a right to be In them.
Even at that time, Wlntlirop E. Scar
rltt, formerly president of the Automo
bile Club of America, declared that cuic
ful Investigation would prove four-fifths
of all fatal accidents due to Irresponsible
The "joy ride" Is the Inveterate t'oc of
statist U s. for the very essence of its
astonishing extension, as a practice, lus
been evasion of owners' wishes by the
offending chauffeurs and complete in
difference to tho chauffeurs' actions uu
the part of owners. ' Throughout it i:as
been a case of either nobody knows or
nobody cares, or both. t
But the Individual tragedies which
have been incident to "Joy riding" have,
startled every lurgo community with such
frequent repetition that tho term has ul
ready become kyiionyinuuH with a re-.k-leusneHs
which fairs short of homicide
only when It la suicidal.
In the public Imagination, the 1 1 1 -sponsible
chauffeur looms up like n man,
drunk with sonic occult drug. seizing
upon a' modern war chariot of invslsti 'do
power and driving it madly onwjrd an. I
onward, running umuck ucr highways
and byways until disaster Intervenes.--Cleveland
fcu'dooe tun I r it.
Honestly, now, if you had been suddenly
jerked Ul and thrust into that croud of
Japanese school children with lusti uclfons
to Join In singing "Amerioi." how far
could lou bays traveled without inumi.t-Ing?'
Tim Unn Whon
Arnold's Park, Iora,'
O. OUs Parts
WstM STrws O
Atlantio City, IT. J.
Jena A. afajana, 10 OoedSrUI A
ran sti we.
ban ft Bras., Sill VactfM
O. B. WaitUs.
Tsa tarns motel.
Teaag's Xstsl Krws IUH
Buffalo, N. Y.
Sanest sTotsl Ksws 8taa4L
Total Iroqaois Hsws Btantt.
lUBUtl CSBB, ISO Elliesti
tniltarlnn Yaws Btaaa.
Auaitorlnm Aaaex Mews
Jos. Hare, Hsws Stand, Jaoksoa Mfl
Qreat Kortksra Hotel STews Staaa.
rest Office Hews Stand. 178 Saarbora,
Oread Pacific Ketel Mews Stand,
ralmer Hons Maws Stand.
Tarn Hsws Co.
Colorado Springs, Colo, v--
Antlers Hotel Ifews Stand.
Oolo. Wholesale Hewspapor Agsacy.
J. at. Ulley, Jr., aaa V. Oasstnut S
koudrick Beak aad Stat. Co, 114 17tk
t. r. Btansta.
Brown Palacs Sotsl.
UloBS Haws Co.
I.. I. Bossnian, 17th and Walton.
Western Siwi Co., 1000 17th St.
Des Moines, Iowa.
Moses Jacobs, 309 6th St.
rrH Gels, e47 W. 6th AT.
Clyda Idas Hsws Co.
Excelsior Springs, Mo.
E. T. Asbby, 101 VT. Broadway.
Silk k Clevtngtr.
Hot Springs, Ark.
T. T. Marks, S3S Central AT.
jars. A.t. niiu.w, - -
X.. K. wyatt, 620 Coatral At
C. X. "W savor Co.
Hot Springs, S. D.
Kansas City, Mo.
Toma Kiwi Co., th and Mala.
Uicksockor Cigar Co 9th and Walnut.
Xt:cksecker Citar Co, 18th and Waiant.
BalUmoi Hotel Sews Stand.
World Hows Co.
H. J. Boss.
Mexico City, Mex.
Hotel Fhlster Hsws Stand.
rranS Mulkern, Brand ATO. aad 3rh
Century Itews Co., S. 3rd BU
M. J Kfcvan&UHli, 48 8. 3rd St
McolUa ictcl Xaobby Hows Stand.
Mt. Clements, Mich.
H. H. Xdchtix Co.
New York City, N. Y.
Broadway Theater Hows Stand.
Iriperial Hotel Mews Stand.
Knickerbocker Hotel sisws Stand
Rotliv.an jicuss novo Stand.
Grand Union Kotol Mows Btaad.
Holland Hours Mswa Stand.
Vluirsy 1111 Miwi Stand.
Beimout Kotri Hows fctend.
Waldorf-Astoria Mows btsnd.
Manhattan Betel Haws Stand.
Astor Hons Mows ntaud.
Harry J. faiciiuit, S. i. Cor. 37th tat?.
N. J. Jllukey, 348 35th St.
X. X.. Eoyle, 110 SSta St.
Cray hews Co., lopoi Hows stand.
l.owe jflroj., 114 Utth St.
Harrop as Uoartard.
Geo. Sartmaa, Main and Adams.
Fsna Hsws Co,
Bouotuo stratferd Hotal Hsws Stand.
TValtcn Hotel Mows Stand.
A. jr. Xeubis, a3j I. an castor At.
Tt. Fltt Hotel Hows Stand.
Central Cisar Etors. 876 Wash., ccr-
Bcwman Hows Co.
Oregon He wo Co., 147 Sth St.
Xosa City Hews Co.
World Hsws Co.
t. Joseph, Mo.
J. Berger, 613 Edniond St.
World Hows Co.
St. Louis, Mo.
Southern Hotol Hows Stand.
Motel Jofforsoa Hoars Stand.
X. T. Jott
fit. Paul, Minn.
ST. St. Mart.
Ewd. G. ritspatrlok, 380 Wabash.
Salt Lake City, Utah.
Hotel XnntKoid Hows Stand.
San Francisco, Cal.
H. Whcatloy Hows Stand.
United Mows Agontc, UV, Eddy.
Hotel St. Francis Hows StaaO.
Frank B. Wilson. 807 Flk Bt
Clias. X. Gorman.
Sioux City, Iowa.
Vest nottl I?ows Stand.
-rtoadaaiia Hotel Hevre 8tT4
Coiald Titsg-sfcfccn Wows itand
'V. r. Dur.can, lawa Bldg'.
Bpokane, Wash. .
Joha W. Cratuni.
; Stocktoc, Cal.
Tourist Hsws Co.'
Washington, D. C.
--- ......... ..i mows stand.
.T Howa Stint
Hhrra Bon., w.-- 1! ":
Hla-gs Honso Howa Stand
Powered by Open ONI