Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, October 10, 1908, EDITORIAL SECTION, Page 12, Image 12

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    12
.
Tiie Omaiia Daily Bee
founded irr gdward rosbwater
VICTOR ROREWATER, EDITOR.
Entered at Omaha poatofflce second
ckn matter.
THRM8 or SUBSCRIPTION.
Pally Bee (without Sunday), one year. .84.00
Dully Hoe and Sunday, on yea 6.00
DELI VER ED BT CARRIER.
Dally Bee (Including Sunday), per week..lKc
Pally Bea. (without Sunday), per wek.,.10o
Rvenlng Bea (without Sunday), per weak 60
Evening Be (with Sunday), per week. ..10c
Sunday Bee, one year IM
Saturday Bee, ona year 1W
Address all complalnta of irregularities
In delivery to City Circulation Department.
OFFICES.
Oni aha The Bea Building-.
South Omaha Twenty-fourth and N.
Council Bluffa IS Scott Street.
Chicago 148 Marquette Building.
New York-Rooms 1101-110J, No. 34 Weit
Thirty-third Street.
Washington 726 Fourteenth Street, N. W.
CORRESPONDED CH
Communlostlons , relating to tiewa and
editorial mat tor ahould be addressed:
Omaha Bee, Editorial Department.
REMITTANCES.
Remit by draft, express er postal order
payable to The Bee Publishing Company.
Only 2-cent stamps received In payment of
mall accounta. Peraonal chocks, except on
Omaha or eaatern exchanges, not accepted.
STATEMENT OF CIRCULATION.
State of Nebraska, Douglaa County, aa.:
George B Tsschuck, treaaurer of Tha
Bea Publlahlng Company, being duly
worn, aaya that the actual number of
full and complete copied of The Dally,
Morning, Evening and Sunday Bee printed
during tha month of September, 1908, waa
a followa:
1.. 36,000
1 37,650
8 38.060
4 38.880
i 36,140
8 38,700
7 36,880
8 86,610
36,840
1 a at tin
it se.iao
IT M.300
II..., 36,840
II M.370
10 3,000
34,630
86,830
8,0
36,580
36,450
6,480
37.T00
' 1V (t UV(U1V
11 86,664
II 86,600
II 83,600
14..... 38,360
IS.',... 36,380
Totals
tl .
II 36,440
Iff 36,40
10 36,700
1,096,380
Lasa unsold and raturned copies..
8,437
Net total 1,086,883
Dally average 36,83a
GEORGE B. TJJSOHUCK,
Treaaurer.
Subscribed In my presence and sworn to
before mo this lat day of October let.
(Seal.) ROBERT HUNTER..
Notary Public.
WHEN OUT OF TOWN,
ahacrlbera leaving- tha city tem
porarily snonld have The Bee
mailed ta them. Address will be
changed aa often aa reqaeated.
It is all right to remove the screens,
remembering at the same time rffat It
la hard to fool a fly.
The geography class may now turn
to Bulgaria, Roumella, Macedonia and
other Turkish towns.
The country is full of canned ora
tory and In a few weeks now there will
be a big stock of canned orators. s
Tom Waist 11 ought to be happy at
Monte Carlo, where the financial op
erators have ro fear of "the system."
The question is not really between
Eulgaria and Turkey. It will be de
cided by the bonl brokers of Europe.
Congressman Nick Longworth says
he didn't say it. Young Nick cannot
be charged with trying to raUe old
Nick.
It is asserted that it is impossible to
stack up those new $20 gold pieces.
Many folks have found It impossible
to stack them.
Mr. Bryan objects to the careless
use of capltil letters in referring to
him as the democratic Standard bearer
in this campaign.
"Oklahoma has a strong constitu
tion,'" says Mr. Bryan. Oklahoma
must have a strong constitution If it
stands for Haskell.
"I have been before the American
people for twenty years," says Mr.
Bryan. He is always behind them,
however, in November.
J. Worth Kern and J. Ham Lewis
are touring the south, giving the vol
era object lessons in the need of the
removal of duty on racora.
Minister Wu Bays be cannot undei
stand why ho should be recalled. Per
haps the empress dowager has been
corresponding with John D. Arch bold.
The. National league pennant will
"camp out" for another year, and the
great white alley will still be wldo
enough for the Giants and their fol
lowers. ,
Des Moines policemen have been
forbidden to chew gum. Few police
men are mollycoddles enough to care
to chew gum when they can borrow
tobacco.
Disbarment for a year seems mild
punishment for an attorney convicted
of a crime which would have secured
one of his clients a term in the peni
tentlary.
Veterans of the civil war are dying
at the rate of 15,000 a year. That
ought to satisfy even the democratic
candidate for congress In the Second
Nebraska district.
Fay Hempstead of Arkansas has Just
been made poet laureate by the Ma
ons. Have not seen any of Fay's
poems, but they cannot be worse than
Alfred Austin's latest.
The populist state committee has
balked on Fleharty the prise package
the democrats are trying to hand the
state as attorney general. This la
point in favor of the populists.
nouana nag aunmiea mat it waa
wrong and Castro waa right In the re
cent diplomatic rupture between the
io nations, isstro win d very
proud of this vindication, aa it la tha
first hs baa ever had.
STAsmsa o.y ms hecord.
In his letters to President Roosevelt
and In nearly all of his public speeches
Mr. Bryan of Nebraska emphasizes the
fact that he is willing to stand on his
record and be Judged by it He as
sures the people that he is thoroughly
In earnest; that he means exactly what
be says and that, if elected, he will
carry out all of hie pledges to the let
ter. Taking Mr. Bryan at his word,
if is worth while to call attention to
his record on some of the public ques
tions. '
It la only twelve years since. Mr.
Bryan declared free silver as the para
mount issue. In many of his 1896
speeches he went on record as follows:
I want you to understand that In this
great contest for free s'lver I am enlisted,
not for a year, not for four years. I am
enlisted for the war, no matter how long
thnt war may lust. I shall not cease to
fight until tha gold standard, which has
cursed every nation that ever had It, Is
driven out of the United States across the
ocean and back to tha old world whara It
belongs.
Friends of Mr. Bryan may contend
that the money question la not an issue
in this campaign and that Mr Bryan
has abandoned the free silver fallacy.
If they do so contend, they speak with
out authority from Mr. Bryan. He has
been consistent on that feature of his
record, if on no other. He has never
recanted, never gone back on his first
political love. In 1900, when It was
stated that Bryan had turned his back
on free silver, he gave the He to such
reports by declaring:
If there la any ona who believes the
gold standard la & good thing or that It
must be maintained, I warn him not to rote
for me, he' sure I promise him !t will not
be ma'ntalned In thla country longer than I
am able to get rid of It.
In 1900 Mr. Bryan stood aa the can
didate of three political parties, each
of which declared for free silver. The
democrats, the populists and the silver
republican national conventions all
dopted platforms reiterating the de
mand of the 'democratic platform of
896 for the immediate restoration off
the freo coinage of silver at the ratio
of 16 to 1. Mr. Bryan's greatest cause
of complaint against the action of the
democratic convention at St. Louis in
904 was its adoption of the gold tele
gram, sent by Judge Parker, as a part
of the party creed. In the oresent
year, In a speech at Danville, 111., Inst
spring, Mr. Bryan declared that every
plank In the democratic platform of
1896 was stronger now than when It
was adopted. '
Is it not most hazardous to disre
gard in this campaign the fallacies of
Mr. Bryan in 1896 and 1900, about
which he now has nothing to say? In
one of his recent addresses Mr. Bryan
declared that if he Was elected the peo
ple would know what to expect. If
he la standing by his record, the people
would expect him to bring the free sil
ver question Into the arena again.
THE BALKAN CdMPLlCATlOXs:
Whenever any TurklBh stake Is on
the table there Is always a suspicion
that loaded dice are being used in the
diplomatic game, and the present con
dition of affairs in the Balkans is a
case in point. Germany, France; Rus
sia and England are all agog over the
action of Bulgaria In declaring its In
dependence of Turkey and each power
evidently suspects the other of being
behind tho move, for it is hardly pos
sible that Bulgaria would undertake
war with Turkey unless assured of
support from the outside.
Reason exists for this kind of sup
port from any or all of the powera, al
though none of them would care to
make open encouragement of Bulgaria
without aome better excuse than, yet
appears on the surface. The powers
that have long figured upon the dis
memberment of Turkey have been
waiting for the collapse of the sul
tan's government, hoping to then share
In the division of the empire. The
"Young Turks" movement has proved
blow to such hopes.. With a con
stitutional government and a progres
sive spirit, a real Turkish emnlre
might be built up on the wreck of the
sultan's government, which has be
come a byword and a reproach to civ
ilization. The furtherance of this plan
would include a stronger union among
all of the provlncea that paid full or
part tribute to the sultan's rule. The
Young Turks have been anxious to ar
range their domestic affairs without
the Interference of any of the powers
and the declaration of Bulgaria's In
dependence U the first open opposition
to the plans of the reformers.
Bulgaria has had practical Inde
pendence since the treaty of Berlin
adopted in 1878, which gave the coun
try autonomy and a Christian-gov
ernor. Eastern Rumelia. 1 lint Smith rt
Bulgaria, however, was directly under
the sultan until Bulgaria seized It In
1885. , Since that time Bulgaria, which
has been wisely ruled, has built up a
strong army and Is In position to cause
Turkey a lot of trouble, particularly
as the Turkish army is reported to be
sadly run down, mutinous on account
of ill treatment and lack of pay and
reaay to offer little or no resistance
to Bulgaria's fight for complete inde
pendence. Austria-Hungary Is also
credited with encouraging Bulgaria's
plans, with a view of annexing the
Turkish provinces of Bosnia and
Herzegovina, which have been admin
lstered by Austria-Hungary since 1878,
under the terms of the Berlin treaty
Servia wants to absorb these provinces
and Macedonia, the land of massacre
pillage and official savagery, is ready to
turn to any nation or group of nations
that will promise relief from Turkish
misrule.
ine war cloud has been banging
over the Balkans for many years, but
real conflict has heretofore been
averted by the diplomatic intervention
of some of the powers to the treaty
or Berlin. Whether such Intervention
is yet possible la a question. Indica-
tlona are highly favorable fdr a Balkan
war that may spread far enough to
cause a marked change In the Turkish
map.
BRYAX AS A SOLDIER.
OMAHA, Oct. 7, 1808.-TO the Editor of
The Be: Will you kindly inform me
through your columns If William Jennings
Bryan, as colonel of his regiment during
tha Spanish-American war, resigned before
peace had been declared and. If so, tha
date peace was declared. What ware tha
reasons Mr. Bryan gave for tendering his
resignation? Yours very truly,
A SUBSCRIBER.
Colonel Bryan mailed his resignation
as colonel of the Third regiment of
Nebraska volunteer Infantry on the
11th day of December, 1898. The
war had not yet been officially declared
at an end, but an armistice had ben
agreed upon some weeks prior and the
Treaty of Paris, which was finally rat
ified, was pending In the United States
senate. Very little likelihood of any
further fighting existed at the time Mr.
Bryan resigned hla command. His
record as a soldier consists, then, of
his spectacular enlistment in a com
pany formed at Lincoln to be a part of
the Third Nebraska, and his failure to
take the oath as an enlisted, man Vhen
the members of that company declined
to elect him' captain; the parading be
fore a moving picture machine some
days prior to the actual filling out of
his commission as colonel of that regi
ment; the acceptance of the commis
sion and about six months' nominal
service, during which period the late
General Vifqualn was in actual com
mand of the regiment as Us lieutenant
colonel.
Colonel Bryan's real reason 'for re
signing waa probably that which he
expressed Borne time prior to the actual
event, when he declined to give a news
paper interview because, as he ex
presed it, he was suffering from "mili
tary lockjaw." As colonel of a regi
ment in the field he could not indulge
in his voluminous expressions criticis
ing the course of the president and his
advisers in the conduct of the war. A
few days after he had mailed Mb
resignation as colonel he gave to the
public a letter setting forth his posi
tion as regards the Treaty of Paris,
under which the United 8tatea retained
the Phllipplnea and Porto Rico and
maintained an oversight of Cuban
affairs.
The democrats In the United States
senate were opposing the ratification
of the treaty for the apparent purpose
of hampering Mr. McKlnley and his
associates. Colonel Bryan, on being
relieved, hastened to Washington,
where he entered the secret councils
of his party and urged the ratification
of the treaty, thereby assuming a re
sponsibility which he has ever since
undertaken to avoid. Mr. . Bryan's
military career Is negative for the
reason that he could not talk. Hla
responsibility tor the ratification of
the Treaty of Paris Is shown In this
excerpt' from his letter to the public,
explaining his resignation:
Some people think that the fight should
be made against ratification of tho treaty,
but I would prefer another plan. If the
treaty is rejected negotiations must be re
newed, and Instead of settling tha queatlon
according to our Ideas, wa must settle ft
by diplomacy, with tha possibility of inter
national complications. It will be easier, I
think, to end the war at once by ratifying
the treaty and then deal with the subject
In our own way.
Mr. Bryan may declaim against Im
perialism, the retention of the Philip
pines and other aspects of the policy
pursued by the government since the
cloBe of the Spanish-American war, but
his own words convict him of insin
cerity. THE AK8WER TO MR. OLKET.
Senator Lodge has contributed an
extremely Interesting page to the cur
rent campaign literature by calling at
tention to an endorsement of Mr. Taft
given by Richard OIney of Massachu
setts four years ago. The contribution
is particularly timely in view of Mr.
Olney's recent elaborate and labored
letter in which he convinced himself
that it was his duty to support Mr.
Bryan in this campaign. Mr. OIney is
a man of great ability and dignity of
character, whose name will long be
linked with that of his great chief,
President Cleveland, who condemned
practically every policy which the pres
ent candidate of the democratic party
now advocates. Senator Lodge calls
attention to the fact that Mr. OIney,
in his letter, does not praise Mr. Bryan
nor approve his policies, but rather
urges his support because he fears that
Mr. Taft would follow too closely in
the footsteps of President Roosevelt.
However, Mr. Olney's opinion of Mr.
Taft is a matter of record. Speaking
for Harvard university, In June, 1904,
Mr. Taft being the orator of the day,
Mr. OIney said:
Tha welcome presence hers of my friend,
tha eloquent orator of the day, suggests
soma of the most striking of tha new
doctrines. He has filled with eclat cer
talnly the second. If not the first, most
Important post In the national Department
of Justice. He has been a Judge of tha
circuit court of the United States, infe
rior In merit and repute to none of the eml
nent holders of like office. He may In
time to come and prophetic voices to
that effect are by no means uncommon'
become a member of the greatest court
the world has ever seen, or even chief
magistrate of the American republic.
venture to say, however, that when hia
career is run and la summed up by tha
historian of the future, the secretary of
war, the holder of whatever office ha
may fill, will rank second to the gov
ernor of tha Philippine Islands. Having
absolute mastery of the lives and for
tunes of 7,500,000 people, he has won gen
eral admiration and applause by the Jus
tice and sklllfulnesa of his rule, and by
the tact, patience and humanity of bis
dealings with an alien race.
urotner-in-Law Tom la again in
stew. It seems that the law of Ne
braska was Ignored by bis committee
four years ago and that there is no
official record of the disposition of the
120,000 jackpot. Tom Tibbies told
where 1 5,000 of it went, but the au
thorities are now asking Brother-ln-
The Tyranny
Boston Herald (rep.).
Correspondents moving about In the the fundamental question. What la ths
country among the "plain people" report good? Sincerity must be matched by In-
that they find many of them snylng that eight and feeling by wisdom. A man may
they Intend to vote for Mr. Bryan be- be so constituted as to make a flna
causa ha Is "good." He Is snld to be send- prophet, but not a sound executive. John
itig broadcast throughout the country his Brown and Abraham Lincoln. Wendell
"Prince of Peace" sermon, which he de- Phillips and John A. Andrew were all
livers at Young Men's Christian assocla- "good" men, but It was most fortunate
tlons and Chautnuquas, and also his nar- for the nation and tot Massachusetts that
ration of his experience at the Vatican tha "agitators" never became chief mag-
and the favorable Impression Pope Plus X istratea.
made upon him. In more ways than one The radical out of power becomes the
evidence accumulates showing that Mr. tyrant In power, as was Illustrated by
Bryan's "orthodoxy" snd his unequivocal Savonarola In Florence. He not only had
alliance of himself with the cause of re- Mr. Brian's sincerity, but a breadth of
llgton and the church Is becoming an as- knowledgo and a practical ability which
set for him among voters who often are the Nebraskan has never shown. Like
mora ooncemed with religion and with- Calvin, later In Oeneva, and John Knox
the church than they are with ethics and In Scotland, the theocrat, who overthrew
with the state. It Is not denied by those tyranny In one form, substituted for It
who so favor Mr. Bryan that Mr. Taft 1s another. For, as the late Thomas Davld-
a lover of righteousness. It Is not denied Son pointed out in his discussion of this
that both formal organic lw and Amer- matter, "He who tries to force men to be
lean precedent are against proscription of good Is Just as much a tyrant as ha who
candidates for office In this country be- seeks to Induce them to be evil. A tyrant
cause of their attitude toward religion, by tha grace of God Is still a tyrant, no
But it Is argued that because Mr. Bryan matter whether he calls himself Savona-
Is so formally and persistently a preacher rola, Calvin or Mather." This reference to
of doctrine and so unequivocally an ally Mather gives the matter a local application
of religion in Its conventional forma, there- which students of tha Puritan regime In
fore he Is a better man than any of hla New England and its effects will not fall
rivals. to appreciate. Permanent reform in state,
Even were It proved hat this logic waa church, school or family resta not upon
correct, and that the surest test of "good- truth Imposed, but on truth appropriated
ness" Is formal and persistent profession and tested by experience. A magistrate
of it, It would still remain true that Mr. over a democratic nation Is not set to
Bryan should not be voted for simply on reign, but to govern; not to exoommunl-
the ground of his "goodness." Statecraft cate, but to execute; not to lead so much
calls for conscience, but also for mind, as to guide; not to assault, but to assist.
There must not only be pure motive, but And In doing this he needs wisdom as well
discreet acts. The will to do good and to as "goodness."
be good Is Important, but It rests back on
Law Tom some very embarrassing
questions, to which he answers com
prehensively, "I don't know."
The Indiana court of appeals has
rendered a decision which threatens to
put Tom Taggart's gambling houBe at
French Lick Springs out of commis
sion. The decision Is particularly em
barrassing to Taggart, as it comes at
a time when his chief attorney, John
W. Kern, is out making speeches for
Bryan and the moral uplift.
The double-ender is shouting itself
hoarse for home rule. Voters should
bear In mind always that behind any
specious plea made by the local demo
crats is the hope of their getting Into
office. If they can't win on home rule
they will take some other attractive
proposition. It is the cry of the hun
gry for a chance at control.
Fears are expressed that If Presi
dent Roosevelt goes to Africa he may
be bitten by the tze-tse fly that causes
the sleeping sickness. The democratic
national committee doubtless wishes
that it could import a few active tze-
tse files right away and turn them
loose in he White. House.
The traveling men of Nebraska pub
licly resent the assertions of the Bry
anites that these agents of commerce
are all for the Peerless. It would be
a remarkable condition If they were,
for the traveling man 1b generally a
Bhrewd business man as well.
The visiting wool men received a
much more impressive notion of
Omaha's capacity as a wool market
than they could possibly have had be-
fore Chicago will have t,o show
something very attractive to get this
plum away from Omaha.
A German scientist claims to have
discovered in an Alpine cave evidences
that men were living in It 100,000
years ago. He does not know what
kind of men they were, butthelr choice
of a place to live would Indicate that
they were democrats.
Kansas Is finding that Governor
Hughes Is something of a political de
bater and the cheers with which the
Jayhawkers have greeted the governor
must convince him that he is still far
from the "enemy's country."
The need of more competent or more
industrious registrars In Omaha Is very
apparent. The complaint of one board
that It was required to work twenty
hours for $3 is probably the key to the
situation.
Mra. Alice Damp, the mother of
twenty-four children, has arrived from
Denmark and is being detained by the
immigration officials at New York. She
did not bring the whole Damp family
with her.
Chanler, the democratic candidate
for governor of New York, says he Is
not concerned about Issues. Probably
he has noticed how Mr. Bryan's Issues
always turn out to be dead weights.
What a Hhaniel
Philadelphia Press.
Bryan still Instsrs he is running against
two republicans, which Is a perfect shame,
aa running against ona Is a little too much
for him
1 nroIUed by the Jars.
New York World.
Mr. Rockefeller says that he has "greatly
enJod the summer," but leaves It un
certain how he relished the element of
humor contributed by Mr. Archbold.
Sara Tlilua.
Philadelphia Inquirer.
The prohibition candidate for president
denounces the climate of Washington as
unhealthy. But this should not worry him.
When he is elected he can have the capltol
removed.
Biath of Hoars Coming;.
Chicago Tribune.
It is said that many merchants are giving
orders to traveling men, "to be filled If
Taft Is elected." Undoubtedly this will
get them in trouble with the chief of Mr.
Bryan's publicity department.
A Hemarkabla Organ.
Springfield Republican.
Tha singular phrase of the army medical
board's decision that Cul. Stewart, t,he
Arlsona exile, is Incapacitated for further
service by heart disease. Is that the board
admits that he has had the disease for M
years. The colonel feels aa strong aa
ever and Insists that his heart can stand
the racket for a few years longer. It is
a remarkable organ, anyway.
of the Good
SIGNS OF TRADE REVIVAL.
Facta Refute the bloomy Assertions
of Politicians.
New ork. Times.
Speaking at Lincoln on Friday Mr.
Bryan struck a most dolorous note and
quoted a certain Journal "In support of his
allegations that the country was going to
rack and ruin." If that were true It would
not necessarily follow that the country
needs Mr. Bryan's protection. It may even
be true that the country ' is doing better
than he thinks. We remark, for example,
that tho imports through New York for the
month of September Increased $6,000,000
over August. London dispatches had al
ready Informed us that the diamond mines
had resumed full work on the revival of
tlje. American demand. This is confirmed
by the growth of' Imports of precious
stones at New York by 1600,000 In a single
month. The Imports of automobiles In
creased over both the preceding month and
year. Imports of sugar Increased 11,200,000
over August and 12,200,000 over September,
1907, showing that even the humblest were
enlarging their expenditures.
We must wait a few days to get confir
mation of this change in the current, of
trade for trie nation, but meanwhile it is
confirmed by a similar change In Immigra
tion. For three successive weeks there has
been a net balance In favor of the Inward
movment of steerage passengers, which
galna significance from the fact that the
decrease since tha beginning of the year
has been 791,000, an unprecedented occur
ence. This is among the earliest signs of
the reaction. The increase in the bank ex
changes by S per cent, for September and
railway trafflo is encouraging regarding
domestic trade, and Is confirmed by ths
Department of Commerce reports that the
movement of coal, cattle, lumber, and crops
Is Increasing, and Is ranging above 1906,
making 1908 the second best In ths nation's
history. These are facts, not opinions, and
the freshest and most authoritative obtain
able. Mr. Bryan should be 'consoled and
not believe all that he hears. Those look
ing for trouble are likelier to find It than
those who take things as they are.
COST CF CONSUMPTIOX.
Ravages ot tha White PUigue la tha
Unman Famll.
Cleveland Leader.
A high authority upon the diseases of ani
mals told the international congress, which
is considering the Immense problem of tu
berculosis, that the loss In tha liva .tir
Industry of the United States by tubercu
losis was not less than $14,000,000 a year.
In other countries it is of oorreannnHino
proportions.
These are bis- flan rM. hilt nnt K. AM
parlson with the destruction nt human nr.
even In the strictest business sense, reiuoi
mg ma vaiua of men and woman
urns for which they sold in slavery days,
or the price which they would bring now If
it were possible to dispose of their services
for life, In the old way.
Incomplete and im
tlca indicate that not 1ph than ivla v,..
uv,vvv 41 U
man beings fall victims, every year, to tu-
ucrcuiosis in tne United States alone. Not
a large proportion are under is v....
age. Not many, relatively to the total, are
w- great majority die In the
early prime of life or In their youth. If
the average value of tha t,ni. .
- mtttij mi IX in
by the "white rjlasrun" rir.t ...
11,000 apiece the cost of tuberculosis is
iw.uw.uoo annually. In the world it must
- .1 ,v 111
be ten times that sum. or tha i
Of
H. 500,000,000 yearly.
This Is a crude, grossly material and In
adequate way to reckon nr pvan Kin u
cost of consumption. It takes no account
yi uiiio.o ana immeasurable suffering, or
the enormous nmx nr -
. , M " -" mo mreci
burden of expenses Incurred by the living
... Bouna. me nre loss of the United
States is a national scandal and a grievous
burden to the oountry, but it is a light
matter In comparison with the havoc
wrought by tuberculosis.
The white plague Is being beaten down.
It Is losing ground teMriiiv r- t
the offit-lal estimate Is that ths death rate
worn inai aisease has fallen one-half In
the last generation. Other Ilka
life and health and the usefulness of man-
aina are reported from many parts of the
world. Consumption will consume far less
.umun uie in tne ruture than it has In
past, an assured chanae whlrh 1.
the
of
the greatest blessings of the sge.
Heal Cans of Hostility.
New York Post.
The true explunatitn t,f the transforma
tion of the ancient dread of government
into a dread of capital Is that puople have
seen capital usurping and misusing ths
functions of government. It Is tha med
dling of wealthy men and large corpora-
tlor.a with the work of legislatures and of
congress, with the nomination and elec
tion of representatives and senators, gov
ernors and presidents, and their alliances
with party management that have made
the troubles. It is against riches per
that the Jealous and argry feeling has run,
but against men of larga fortunes, and
corporations of great power, that have
reached out arrogantly to buy legislation
or to purchase Immunity. If the former
Jealousy of government has passed away.
It la largely because people have felt that
government haa become their obedient
servant. But when they discover, or think
they do, that It is really the obedient serv
ant of corporate wealth. It la nut strange
that tha old wrath should blase up with
new fierceness.
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OTHER LANDS THAN OURS.
Bulgarian Independence and tha formal
annexation by Austria of Bosnia and
Hersegovlna form a chain ot events which
have a direct bearing on the fats of the
new constitution of Turkey. The Irrita
tion and confusion manifested by the
chancelleries of Europe over the disturb
ance of tha balunce of power affords Sultan
Abdul Hamld an opportunity to revoke
that document so nearly like Its former
fata that It will not ba surprising If his
tory repeats Itself. Tha present constitu
tion was In force when Abdul Hamld da
throned his brother, Murad, the legitimate
sultan, but when the Turkish army was
whipped to a standstill by iRussIa In 1877
and the empire was threatened with dis
memberment, the cunning despot, to Insure
his grip on ths throne, threw Cyprus Into
the maw of England and suocessfull played
Disraeli against Ignatlef, and prevented
Russia from reaching the hoped-for goal
at Constantinople. The constitution dis
appeared in the vortex of that war. Tha
present situation will test the statecraft
of the leaders of tha Young Turks party
now In control, and it remains to be seen
whether they can prevent the foxy Abdul
from restoring the old despotic regime.
The loss of nominal control over Bulgaria
diminishes Turkish prestige, and If per
mitted to stand will shake popular confi
dence in tha progressives. With thirty
years' experience In playing ona European
power against another, exhibiting through
out an Iron will and boundless cunning. It
will be strange Indeed If Abdul Hamld
does not emerge from tha present upheaval
with all tha plumes of tha prophet In his
fes and the Young Turks party leaders
exiled or smothered In tha Bosphorus.
The fighting legions of "Csar" Ferdinand
of Bulgaria, according to tha dispatches,
are eager for the expeoted fray with Tur
key, confident of winning Independence by
force of arms If necessary. Recent statis
tics give, Turkey's war Strength as 1,034,831
men and Bulgaria's aa 801,638 men On a
peace basis the Turks have 293,198 Infantry,
84.827 cavalry, 81,847 artillery and about 50,
000 reserves. The Bulgarian strength In
peace Is given as lls.MO regulars and 178,000
reserves and militia. It is evident from
these figures that the Turks greatly out
number the Bulgarians. Tha Infantry of
both armies are armed with modem maga
zine rifles and cavalry with carbines. In
artillery strength tha equipment of both
armies is modern, chiefly Krupp guns. In
fighting qualities the Turks are a raoe of
warriors, ranking among the best and
bravest soldiers of the world. Doubtless
tha Bulgarians possess to an equal degree
the martial vigor of their Moslom neigh
bors. Against the Turkish odds In numer
ical strength the Bulgarians place the ad
vantage of conducting a defensive cam
paign in a mountainous oountry, with
which they are familiar, and the superior
discipline of their soldiers. Still mora Im
portant Is the fact that Turkey's ability
to raise the sinews of war Is considered
remote, aa its credit among money lenders
Is at a low ebb. Unless strongly backed
by some power anxous for favors to
come, Turkey may be obliged to con
tent Itself with issuing one of the famous
ultimatums with which the sultan has
been regaled in years past.
Whatever else may be said of Sultan
Abdul Hamld, history must give htm
credit as a constructive monarch. The
completion of the railroad from Damas
cus to Medina, a distance ot 600 miles, Is
a monument to h!s progressive Ideas and
to the faithful Moslems who subscribed
money to build It. The line Is to be ex
tended to Mecca, the great holy city of
Islam, and Is likely to be completed
within a year. The country traversed lies
at a considerable distance from the coast
of the Red sea, and near enough to the
Arabian boundary to bring that country
within the sphere of Turkish Influence.
Medina, the present terminus. Is stcond
only to Mecca, as a holy city, and the
advent ot a railroad with personally con
ducted excursions of Christians as well
as Moslems, Is far more startling to "the
faithful than the use of American mailo
electric lamps to light the tomb of Ma
homet. The grand lama of Tibet, since the
British troops profaned his capital, the
Holy City, by invading it, has been wan
dering through China, headed for Peking,
with a retinue of 1.000 faithful followers,
and refuses palpable hints from the
Chinese authorities to go away back and
sit down. As he is entertained at the ex
panse of the provinces through which he
passes, those who foot the bills cheerily
smile in his presence, as disgruntled hosts
usually do, but display slgtilcant seal In
showing him the shortest road to the next
feeding station. The grand lama, how
ever, moves with the dignity and solemnity
befitting his station, and hl progress from
Tibet to Peking maps the greatest free
lunch route in history.
Le Mans, where Wilbur Wright Is aston
ishing the world with his aerial flights. Is
about "2 miles southwest of Paris and
thirty miles north of Tours. It is a fine
old French city, with a history running
back beyond the time of the Romans, and
haa at present a population of 60,000, ex
clusive of the excursion crowds. The oper
ations of the American and his flying ma
chine has attracted 'visitors rivaling King
Ak-Sar-Ben's numbers, and hotel keepers
and shop keepers esteem him a wisard ot
surpassing power. Every time Mr. Wrlglit
breaks an aerial record signalizes a boost
In the prices of living, and they are likely
to continue soaring while the aeroplane
flapa its wngs.
Americans of ths millionaire class whose
reputation fur wealth precedes ihera abroad
- p;
No oilier
Baking fbwcler
Y
lias
jfiie cruakfollie purity!
oi
V'V "
A .
are recipients of attentions far from pleat,
ant. Tha experlenoa of tha daughter of
3. Pierpont Morgan In Berlin waa mora
annoying than any recently noted. Miss
Morgan was actually driven out ot tha
Oerman capital by the persistent Importun
ities ot beggars. She had hoped to study
politico-social conditions there, but as
soon as report placed her high In tha
American heiress class beggars of high
and low degree laid siege to bar purse.
Individuals, societies, churches, charitable
Institutions and promoters of business
schemes WTote, telegraphed and sent mes
sengers. It all looked funny to the young
woman at first, but It became a nuisance,
from which she escaped by msans of her
automobile. In which she hastened to sj
nearby summer resort.
POLITICAL. DRIFT
Solicitors for democratic campaign funds
In New York state are allowed a rake-off
of 15 per cent
One of tha democratlo nominee for pres
idential elector In Massachusetts rotlred
from tha ticket because be Intends to vote
for Taft.
Judge Parker's' activity on ths stump
goes to show that passing years have not
mollified his grouch against tha steam
roller of 1904.
A democratlo editor In Oklahoma offers
to prove ail that has been charged against
tha late C. N. UaskelL Oh, huaht Let
tha dead rest
A New Jersey man and bis wife are
running In thla campaign on opposite tick
ets. They seem to bava Ignored the warn
lng that a house divided against Itself,
cannot stand.
Democratlo sorrows multiply. The Hon
James Kerr of Pennsylvania, the purist
who sucoeeded Colonel Ouffey on ths na
tional committee, Is shown up as an of
ficer of twenty-one corporations, mostly
Pennsylvania coal companies.
Ona of the most Ingenious things put on
ths market this year Is a small tablet, like
a medlcina pellet, which, when dissolved
In a finger bowl, resolves Itself Into a
picture of Taft or Bryan, aa tha case may
be. Already thousands ot these tablets'
have been sold to New York hotels and
restaurants.
Chairman Mack and Henry Watterson
are putting out a larger variety of prophe
cies than all other political prophets com
bined. If the famous Mahdl of tha Sou
dan could come back to life and view
their output, he would readily understand:
how completely his fame as a falsa
prophet Is overshadowed.
The New York Tribune correspondent ac
companying ' Governor Hughes, speaks of
Omaha as "this democratic 'city," not
knowing, doubtless, that the present demo
cratlo administration, the first in fifteen
years, waa elected while republicans slept
at tha switch. The crowd In the Audi
torium was nearer 6,000, or twice ths num
ber stated by the Tribune man.
LAlOlllNtl OAS.
"I hear your son Is something of all
aviator, Mrs. Comeup."
"Well, to tell the truth, he waa a bit
that way, but he's taken tha pledge."
Baltimore American.
Knlcker-AVhat Is tha politician's Idea of
a railroad T
Boc'Ker The shortest distance between
two speeches. New York Bun.
"What will we do when the trees are
destroyed?" asked the forestry experts.
"I suppose," answered the serenely sol
emn statesman after some thought, "that
111 Mich an event we will be obliged to de
pend for wood entirely on the lumber
yards." Washington Star.
"Jedge," said the colored witness. "I'm
hungry now, I been tuilin' da truth fer
two hours."
"Is tnut the longest time you over told
It?" ' ,
"Yes, suh; an Its had ma . swsatin'.-
Louisville Courier-Journal.
"Women." declared the milliner, "ara be-
coming almost too buslwsHllke."
"As to how?"
"That lady who Just placed her order ,
for a hat insisted on a penalty clause In
casH of delay." Louisville Courier-Journal.
Pe.rcy Pshsw! What if sha did? Two
nexallves In the same sentence ara equiva
lent to an affirmative."
Algy Yes, but she suld "Nawl Nit!" and
It sounded like two sentences. Chicago
Tribune.
Stationer Typewriter ribbons? Yes, sir,
we have all kinds. What particular brand
do you wish?
Private Secretary (of trust magnate)
Have you any that er when you use "em,
you know, the the writing will fade away
entirely In a few days? Chicago Tribune.
"I met a relative of Hill Jones the other
day. and he told me Bill had gone Into
a business where he was making money
so fast that he had to glv it up and go
Into aeclusion for a while."
"80 he did.' t, AL.
"Is he at a sanitarium for his health?'
"No; he's In the penitentiary for counter
feiting." Baltimore American.
"What would you say if I told you your
opponent took money from a great cor
poration?" .
..j ould say, answered Senator Sor
ghum "that the great corporation had pur
chased a gold brick." Washington Star.
"What Induced you to offer your airship
to a rival power?"
"Pure patriotism, snswered the Inven
tor, with a meaningful wink. Washington
Herald. '
8I.OGAM UK T11I0 BOOSTERS.
Emporia (Kan.) Oasetto.
Don't s t supinely on your roont.
I on come along and help us boost.
For better things of every kind,
And leave your kicking clo'hes behind.
U. let lis boost for better streets,
Arwl s"ft r teds and longer fheets;
For smoother lawns an-t lelt-r ll.hts.
And shorter wlnd-d Mthcikites;
For finer homes snd tarifer trees.
For tats and hoots and bumble bees.
For shorter houis and longer pay,
nd fewer t h 'at le In our hay;
For better grub, snd bigger pies.
For two more moons to light tne skies
And let the wolves of wsr be) loosed
On e"ery man who doesn't boost 1