Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 27, 1908)
TI1K OMAHA SUNDAY KEK: SKPTKMhKIl 57. 1003.
airL-Be'm! Mrgaiw I
Vr l 111
John A. Kervan
Suite 508-10. Brandels Building.
Announces hl Fall and Winter
showing of the most exclusive de
signs In the latest shades for
dresses of good taste. Yott are
cordlallr Invited to pass Judgment
on the newest importations and the
best In style, fit and workmanship.
Suits from $35.00 to 60.00
Suite 506-10 Braudcls Building
We furnish free of charge, upon request, Office Managers, Bale
men, Bookkeepers, Stenographers, Office Help.
If you are desirous of a position In any commercial line, see us,
we can place you. Our terms are the most reasonable In the City; a
call will convince you.
SEE US FIRST
IS SO. 14th Mi.
a n ssiea
Isajw Offices 673-75-77 Braadels Bldg.
Tel LtouglM 4011; Auto. 2011.
Tailoring That Salisiies
Our determination to satisfy, carries
with it a Just reward. Our steadily In
creasing sales are an excellent evi
dence of a growing regard for our
Our $25 Made-to-Ordor Suits
cannot be equaled elsewhere.
Reliable woolens, cut, fitted
and made in Omaha by expert
tailors, dive us a trial. We'll
keep the garments if you don't
Herzog Tailoring Co.
SIB North 16th Street.
D. H. Beck, Mgr.
Chop Suey and Chili Parlor
KAjcnro a racxAX.TT or
and Mexican Dishes
Special Attention Given to Orders
No more dread of the dftiltl chatrt
We have a scientific formula which
renders the extraction of teeth tn
nearly all cases absolutely without
pain. We fit teeth without plates,
and If you desire we can by a new
method do this work without resort
Ins; to the use of sold crowns or un
sightly void bands about the necks of
the teeth. We employ the most skill
ful workmen. No students are allow
ed In our office. Gold crowns $5.
Uriel? work tft. Plates 16. Teeth
without plates $5.
The Original Ho-Faln Dentist.
Telephones I Bell Donglas 6711; Ind. A-3767. 1538 Song-las Street.
Open evenings till S. Sundays, 10 a. m. to 3 p. m.
Rapid Shoe Repair Co,
lOISi Capitol Ave.
BEST OF WORK
BEST OF" MATERIAL
AT POPULAR PRICES
Call us up. - - - 'Phone R-OQ4
Called for and Delivered Free.
Printing Presses, Boilers. Etc. Etc.
Safo Moving a Specialty
1818 Farnam St.
Tel. Douglas 353
Mere We Are Again!
For Genuine Bargains on Any
thing in the Machinery Line......
LAUNDRY MACHINERY, ETC. STEAM ENGINES,
PULLEYS, NEW AND OLD GASOLINE ENGINES,
HANGER SHAFTINGS, GEAR WHEELS, WIRE,
WIRE CABLES, ETC., ETC.
WE ARE THE PEOPLE!
Our Specialty is putting in all sizes of Second Hand Pipe
as good as new at One Half Price.
We handle and install New and Second Hand Radiators and
. . Boilers. Let us figure with you.
. ALL WORK GUARANTEED.
A. Ferer Gas Power &
TaI Douglas site;
ciM Ind.. A-1164.
810-12 Douglas Street, Omaha, Neb.
Clothes make the man, the old
saying: "A photograph makes the man
or the woman, either; a poor, sloven,
careless-made photograph, will give
your friends as bad an impression of
yourself aa a shabby suit of clothing.
Photographs made by the Truseell
studio, are the best made, and have
the artistic qualities to give the sub
ject a bearing that will give your
friends a good Impression. A' photo
graph can be a likeness, at the same
time be a horrible caricature.
115 So. 16th St. Opposite Old Boston Store
Burgess Shirt Co.
Have a whole one made to your order
At 2024 FARNAM SX.
. R. KENNEDY 'MW'iiEa'
Electric, Hydraulic, Belt and Hand Power. Sidewalk Hoist and
Dumb Walters. Elevator Gates and Fire Doors.
DRAWN BY UNKNOWN RACE
Pictures of Cave Men Found in the
TRACES OF EARLY INHABITANTS
Discoveries of Lut Summer In an Vn-
esplored Hearlon of Wyomln
A Little Llnht on Ita Pre.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 2.-Harlan I.
Smith, archaeologist of the American
Museum of Natural History, has returned
from a 462-mile -wagon trip , of recon
nolssancc In northeastern Wyoming, made
tn the Intercuts of the museum. Besides
securing the first archaeological specimens
ever brought from the region which extend
from the Black Hills to the Big Horn
mountains In northeastern Wyoming, he
photographed among other things pre
historic quarries, ancient pictures painted
on cave walla representing vrehlatorlc cave
d wallers and sculptures cut on the cliffs
and sides of natural caves.
. All of these were discovered by Mr. Smith's
party and were unknown to the scientific
world until now. The results of the trip
will b published by the museum In Its
ootavo anthropological papers, fully illus
trated, and this report will throw new light
on tn prehlstorlo Americans.
The expedition was sent out to continue
the work which Mr. Bmlth started for the
museum last year, when he made a three
months' trip, crossing and recrossing tho
southern part of Wyorrlnj. The whole
work Is a contribution by the museum
toward an investigation Into the archae
ology of a vast unexplored region, Includ
ing the great plains, the barren lands and
ths plateau region of America, regarding
which there la practically no archaeological
LoeatlBK Old Home Sites.
Wyoming la near the southern center of
this region and seemed to be. the nucleus
from which the work might be .tailed.
Mr. Smith's task waa to look over the
field In order to locate sites where people
lived before white men visited the state
and which It would be profitable to exca
vate, Incidentally securing as much In
formation aa possible.
Among the general problems which
present themselves for solution may be
mentioned the folk) wing: When did the
region first coma to bo InhabltedT What
waa the natural culture of the first Inhabi
tants ? Were pMHle living In the area,
before the Introduction Of the horse, and
If so, l.ow dtd the coming of this animal
affect their culture? Was there more than
one culture In the region either In various
.parte or during different periods of time?
And If so, where are the boundaries of
these cultures and what are the charac
teristics of each culture?
Mr. Bmlth secured the services of Pan
Chalfant. an experienced cowboy, at Lusk.
With a team and a wspon, on the side
of which was lashed a five-gallon cask for
.carrying water through the desert places,
they made the trip with only oca mishap
tho breaking of all tha apokea In on
Burling from tha Mine Bar ranch, at
the southern end of Rawhide Buttes, they
drove northward to Hot Creek. Continuing
northward, they passed through a bad
land country entirely given over to sheep
raising and where the sheep herders live
In covered wagons, so that houses are sel
dom seen. If one looks at a map he
will see many places marked as towns and
postofflces, but they usually consist of a
single house, part of which serves aa a
post office. On the maps many streams
and rivers are Indicated, but few of them
were found to contain water, although
there were evidences that In the spring
floods had come down the ravines. The
spring floods had washed out signs of
wagon tracks, so that the route was fre
quently without the guidance of even a
wheel mark across the buttes and through
the canons. Somethimes on reaching a
ranch It would be found that all the men
were away on the roundup and the women
could not give directions as to tho best
route to follow, for they wore acquainted
with the country for only a few miles from
Itonte Krom Newcastle.
Finally. Newcastle, a town In the western
edge of the Black Hills, was reached. The
party then turned northweatwsrd, follow
ing the edge of the sparsely timbered
mountains, while to the left was a graslng
country. Here, about seven miles north
west of Newcastle in Oil Creek canon, a
cave dwelling, breatwork and cave man
picture writings ware found.
Continuing, the route led down Wild
Horse Creek. Crossing Powder river by
means of a ford the wagon was finally
pulled Into Sheridan. For some days after
seeing the Devil's Tower, miles away to
the north, the snow on the northern side
of the peaks of the Big Horn mountains
had been seen miles to the west. Then for
a time hlg'.s ridges had cut off the view,
-until at Sheridan the party were at the
very base of the mountains.
doing southwestwsrd, the canons of
Craxy Woman and Muddy were aearched
and In both caves that had been occupied
by cave dwellers were found. In Muddy
Canon tho men felt particularly active, but
later found that they had been drinking
water charged with arsenic from the red
rocks of the canon walls which was not
sufficiently strong to poison them but
caused the peculiar exhileratlon.
Leaving behind the cave dwellings Mr.
Smith pushed on past the Hole In the Wall
country and the red rock region over the
divide to Casper, where he left the wagon
to return home, and took the train for
tlnnry for Moae Implements.
. Terhaps the most remarkable discovery
made on the trip was a quarry from which
the prehistoric Inhabitants secured stone
out of which to chip their arrow points,
spear heads, knives, skin scrapers, drill
and other Implements. This quarry cov
ered at least five acres on the southern
end of the mountain locally known as
Brownell Hill, at a point about a mile
east of the junction of Hat creek and Old
Woman creek, In eastern central Wyom
ing. There were numerous pits 1n the top of
the hill going down Into strata carrying
seams and nodules of fltnt-llke rock. Scat
tered about these pits were the battered
pebbles which had been used aa hammers
In breaking out the rock and smashing
the pieces op Into convenient tlse for chip
ping and flaking Into Implements, B.m;
of these hammers had a groove pecked
around them to facilitate the fastening to
Unfinished Implements and cores from
which pieces for Implements had been
clipped were everywhere about and nearby
were circles of stones that had been used
to hold down the skin covers of the tents
of the quarry men. These quarry people
must have been In tho country long before
they saw any white people, for there were
no glass beads, Iron arrow points or sim
ilar objects such as IndianB at once get
by trade from the very first white ex
plorers, travelers and aettlers.
Specimens of the rock of the quarry, of
the cores, unfinished Implements and stone
hammers were sent to the museum snd are
the first specimens . collected from the
quarry, or In fact from northeastern Wy
oming. This quarry Is remarkably large. A five
acre prehistoric quarry would be pro
nounced large anywhere, but when It Is
considered that 'last year in the southern
part of tho states several large quarries
were seen, the addition of five more acres'
of prehistoric quarry work makes an amaz
ing total. The extent of this work seems
the more surprising because it Is noit
known yet whither the product waa car
ried. The quarry Is also remarkable for being
further north In 'Wyoming than any flint
rock quarries were previously known to
Plctnregraphs on Walla.
Petroglyphs, or picture writing cut In the
rocks made by other than whlte hands
were aeen and photographed on the sand
stone cliffs and In the cave dwelling on
the western tide of Oil creek. This place
Is on the western edge of the Black Hills
jomc six miles west of Newcastle.
Seme of these writings represent men,
the cave men who lived there, and are
identical In general outline, character and
approximate else with both petroglyphs
and plctographs found In the cave dwell
ing In Muddy canon as well as the rock
carvings found last year near Hammond
In the southern part of the state. This
goes to show that the people who made
them. If not the same, were at least In
fluenced by each other.
One of the petroglyphs represents an
elklike animal and othera ceremonial
shields with markings which possibly may
be Interpreted when the photographs are
submitted to those who are students of the
old Sionan designs and religious ceremonial
decors tlons. .
The plctographs or paintings in the cave
dwelling on the north side of Muddy canon
In the Big Horn mountains are In red and
some In drab. The drab pictures are tha
first in that color which. Mr. Bmlth has
seen In his archaeological work, which has
been continuous for more than eighteen
years. The greater number of plctographs
which he hss seen In the northwest are red.
Some of the Muddy canon pictures repre
sent shields and one a rave man with a
Along the route were seen numerous
circles of stone marking the sites of an
cient tepees or buffalo skin tents. It Is
desirable to make a map showing where
all these circles are found; first, to show
the distribution of the villages of the people
using that style of tent fasteners and sec
ond to determine If the tents In each vll
llage were arranged In a camp circle or
other ceremonial form.
There la a large circle of atone with
cross lines of stones like spokes of a wheel
In the Blk Horn mountains. At the ends
of the spokes are the ruins of little stone
sweat houses and the whole place is held
In superstitious awe by the Crow Indians.
It is called a medicine wheel and has been
seen by but few people.
Both the cave dwellings In OH Creek
canyon and Muddy canyon were barricaded
In front with pllea of rocks forming "a
In the western part of the area the cow-,
boys and sheep men had seen dishes cut
out of soapstone of a rare type not rep
resented in any of the eastern museums.
The,dlshes are larger toward the top than
at the bottom, but the opening Is slightly
smaller in some cases than the body. An
cient dishes made of true pottery are un
known In the whole northeastern part of
Wyoming, the Black Hills ond the Big
Horn mountains." Such pottery has only
been found in a few places, less than a
dozen. In the whole state, and that these
places were all in the southern part toward
the cliff dwelling and Pueblo area of Colo
rado, New Mexico and Arizona.
In various parts of the area examined
there are lines marked by rocks and piles
of rocks. These heaps are sometimes as
high as a man's head, but often vary
small, sometimes consisting of a single
stone, again of two or three, but often
by a pile the size of a bushel basket. The
plies are frequently about eight feet apart,
sometimes more, and the lines so formed
sometimes extend for miles across the
They are usually on hill or ridge tops
and often cross large flats. Some termi
nate at cut banks or bluffs. There Is much
discussion as to what these are. Some say
they mark trails, others that they show
which way .from the desert trail water
could be found.
Boundaries of Hunting- Grounds.
A few believe them to be boundaries ba
tween the hunting ground of different
tribes, but the explanation that seems
most satisfactory 'is that they are either
lines used to direct the people In stam
peding antelopes and 'buffaloes over a bluff
or Into an enclosure, or that they are scare
crows along which these animals could be
stampeded, they being, afraid to cross
them. On being run over the bluff or Into
the enclosure ,ln confusion they could be
more readily killed If not already dead or
Injured by the fall.
Mr. Smith called attention to the lack
of knowledge of the archaeology or pre
history of this region and the surrounding
country as far north aa the Arctic oceap
in the Boas anniversary volume published
In 19u7. The museum authorities are par
ticularly pleased that they were able to
begin the work of Investigation in the
region. The task of solving all the prob
lems will take many years even If other
educational institutions co-operate In ex
ploring the area.
Mr. Smith sums up the results of bit
trip as follows:
"Nothing was found to indicate that any
of these remains were as recent as the
coming of the first white men to the reg
ion, aa no glass beads or iron arrow points
or similar materials wtere found asso
ciated with them. On the other hand,
nothing was seen which would prove tbelr
great antiquity or show that they were
older than the securing of tha horse by
the native peoples who formerly lived tn
this part of the country.
"While, of course, those results art not
sufficient to prove that man did not occupy
the region until after the introduction of
the horse gave him a beast which would
facilitate his movements out Into the buf
falo plains anl until after the settlements
In the east had begun to crowd the Indians
westward, nevertheless this negative evi
dence suggests quite strongly that at least
a portion of the Great Plains must have
been uninhabited until after the horse was
known to the Indians.
"There are certainly no deep deposits of
village refuse nor a great amount of an
tiquities to be found In the region, such as
are easily discovered In places that are
known to have been Inhabited for a period
antedating the coming of the horse, as, for
Instance, Ohio and the state of Washing
ton. To be sure the results of quarrying
are very extensive a great deal of stone
has been moved but those who know tho
real Indian are aware that this work
could have been done In a comparatively
short period of time.
'On the whole, the results of the two
archaeological trips to Wyoming would
suggest that that particular region until
after the advent of the horse was not In
MOTORS PUT TO GOOD USES
Machines of te Honk Order Hooked
Up to Do Good 1st Many
The average urban resident looks upon the
automobile merely as a convenience, more
rapid in motion than the horse and less
likely to shy at strange objects. Such an
assumption is far from an adequate con
ception of the vehicle.
In Connecticut the owner of a newspaper
sends his paper to press by automobile. He
backs the machine up near his presses, at-
liaihes the power and the news Is chugged
out away beyond speed limit.
Heedless persons laugh at farmers who
mortgage their farms to purchase automo
biles. It is the farmer who has the laugh.
At 4 o'clock In the morning and mayhaps
at i or t, for the milk Inspector has a way
of walking In at 4 o'clock and Interfering
with milking the carburetor inay be heard
at the dairy. One motor car connected with
six milking machines can milk twelve cows
at a time. Is there churning to be done?
The motor can do almost everything but
roll the butter. Perhaps the farmer takea
his milk to the station tn his machine and
then he gets back in time to saw the wood
for cooking breakfast. He attaehea a cir
cular wood ssw to the motive power of the
car and the result Is highly satisfactory.
This may even explain why so many
tramps frequent large cities. There are
now less opportunities than ever for them
to saw wood for a breakfast In suburban
places. The automobile fairly snorts at
This snort, redolent of disdain and gaso
line, one heara often now at the haymow
In place of the accustomed sneeze of a
horse trying not to contract hay fever
while hoisting fodder into the barn. No
longer seed the patient animal at the tar
end of a pulley rope start upon a run, only
to be brought up short, under the Impres
sion that he has made a false start, wh'le
time Is given him to reflect upon the per
versity of mankind, and the farmer to un
hitch bay from pulley and S'-nd the hoist
ing hook out for more. A motor car runs
out with the rope now, and lifts double the
quantity, without stralnlDg a muscle.
In San Frar.cisoo the motor fire patrol
Is able to get to and' extinguish a fire while
the speediest fire horse is still panting on
his way. Automobiles are used to haul
snow, beer, drygoods, bank boxes and to
cure consumption by rapid motion through
the air. No longer need the mining pros
pector wander wearily through arid wastes
in the west. He may seek his nuggets by
means of a motor car. No longer need a
presidential candidate risk bursting the rail
of an observation car with his eloquence.
He may speak from an automobile. No
longer need the flower grower urge his
horse through wintry dawns In the effort
to get his blossoms early to the market.
He may arise later, get to the train earlier
In his automobile, and maintain, mean
while, the aspect of a gentleman of leisure
out for a morning spin.
Plcnlo parties vote the automobile a vast
improvement over a farm wagon carpeted
with straw. Stowing away dishes is no
longer a task fraught with danger to
ohina. The automobile hamper has in It
every necessary for ar ar fresco luncheon,
strapped and clamped Into an economy of
space scarcely conceivable to the mind of
an average housewife. Motor oars have all
manner of little hidden eupbjard contriv
ances In which things may be stowed.
With tent and living necessities tucked
onto and under its mechanism, one may
move on to new places and pleasures every
day to fishing, boating, hunting and
climbing, with wide, free country contribut
ing ever new sources of enjoyment and of
fering ever new attractions to the wan
derer afield. The luxurious traveler en
joys lite In a touring car, which may be
converted into bed chamber, boudoir, library-,
living room and dining room at will.
Electrto dome light, speaking tube, sta
tionary Clock, elaborate toilet articles and
.mirror, dcludo one Into believing this- motor
car a mlnature hotel va wheels. New York
TESTS OF THE NOISELESS RIFLE
Promlne Greater Hevolatlon la Modern
Warfare Then Did Rmoke
With airships, aeroplanes and dirigible
balloons war, Indeed, must become terrU
bio, but the climax Is reached when one
considers the latest phase of firearms a
developed In Hiram Mixlm, Jr.'s noiseless
rifle, which, Indeed, must make war an
impossibility. Equipped with this new de
vise, attached to an engine of destruction,
the United States army would be practi
cally Invincible, and no foe need be feared
so long as the device remained an Amer
Experiments being made by an army
board are being watched with the closest
attention, and already the effect that the
elimination of noise will have upon battle
tactics is, receiving attention. Colonel R.
Blrnle and Major Tracy C. Plckson of the
United States Army Ordnance board
realizes that Its adoption means the re
equipment of the entire army and the
working out of many difficult problems.
The government la especially desirous of
keeping the matter of the noiseless device
as quiet as possible and an Injunction has
been placed upon the Hta of everybody lit
"The lact of the matter K" said one
of titer, "that If this Invention of Maxim
proves entirely successful the United
State army will be placed 60 per i.ent
ahead of any other army tn the world In
efficiency, man to man. For the flr.tt
time In years ihls government has a chance
to take a big step In advance of the r3St
of the world in arming Its soldiers, and It
Is desired to take full advantage of It.
"There is no doubt that It will bring
about a greater revolution In warfare than
did smokeless powder. It will add an ele
ment of terror that Is almost Impossible
to describe. Smokeless powder robbed the
soldier of the sense of sight in the dis
charge of firearms, and now the njlseless
gun wot Id render his hearing of n value.
Mentally, he would huve a feeling of help
lessness that would tend to make cowards
of the bravest."
It Is believed In army circles that the
Maxim Invention can be applied as readily
to. artillery aa to small amis. Should this
be the case, it will result In both the army
and the navy . ordnance being equlppei
with the device. The expense would not
be . great, while the results, If the United
States should engage In war, would bi be
The Inventor of this device Is the fon
of Sir Hlium Maxim, who gave to the
world the machine gun. He lives In Hart
ford, Conn. The device is the reu t of
long study of the problem of muffling the
rapid explosions Incident to the operations
of an automobile. The report due to the
sudden release of gasu at the muzzle of
a rifle when the discharge occurs Is pre
vented through the action of a valve which,
allows . the gss to escape gradually, and
with an almost silent hissing sound.
The appearance of the weapon Is not al
tered, except tor a small nrossplcce In the
barrel a short distance from the muzzle.
Just aa the bullet emerges the escape of
the gases Is shut off. This result Is gained
through a piston valve, sliding across the
bore f the barrel Immediately after thi
bullet pase. The valvo is operated by
the pressure of the gas, and there is no
Tests are being made at the government
armory In Springfield, Mass., and accord
ing to reports the discharge of a gun with
out the noiseless device could be heard
(,700 yards. With the device It could be
heard only 1,500 yards, the Invention thus
eliminating 74 per cent of the noise. All
that could be heard at the latter distance
was the click of the hammer on the shell.-.
Had Aaotber Nam . for It,
J. F. Johnston, the new United States
senator from Alabama. Is an ardent agricul
turist. One day, after retiring from tha
governorship and returning to his home.
In Birmingham, he donned bis overalls and
went to work In the garden.
A society lady, a newcomer, entered tha
yard to call on Mrs. Johnston. Her ring
at the door not Being answered, ahe walked
Into the garden.
"How long have you worked for tha
Johnstons?" she Inquired of the man aha
"A good many years, madam."
"Do they pay you well?"
"About all I get out of It la my clothes
"Why, then come and work for me," ahe
said. "I'll do that and pay you so much a
"I thank you madam,' he replied, "but
I signed up with Mrs. Johnston for life."
"Why no such contract Is binding. That
"I have always' called it marriage," re
plied the senator. Success sXagaxlae,
Powered by Open ONI