Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 13, 1908, EDITORIAL SECTION, Page 5, Image 13

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Hard Pressed, Swtllowi Pride and
Lett Place Go.
(ktrlta I mm4 Charles II Held Forth
There aad ll Had
Baaa'olr in the Famoaa
LONDON, Sept. 12.-fSpec-lal.)-Rarely In
the history of famous English estates have
such evil days fallen upon a great property
as those'. which have overtaken Cashlobury,
the seat of the earl of Essex. It Is being
sold In lots for building purposes and cheap
villas will shortly be erected upon It. The
mansion of Cashlobury Itself Is still In tho
possession of Lord and Iady Essex. The
countess, who was Miss Adela Grant of
New York, a beautiful woman, wasbefore
her marriage with Lord Essex engnged to
another British nobleman. For years she
was In that exclusive coterie, the king's
Immediate set and used to be Invited every
where to meet him. Of late, however, she
has practically given up the smart world
and has been Lord Essex's right hand In
sustaining him through the severe trial of
parting with his birthright. For some time
past Lady Essex and the children have
been residing In a small house on the
estate, the mansion itself being let. Lady
Bssex used to' be prouder of Cashlobury
than the earl. Almost every room In the
house is associated with some romance.
"Nell of Old Drury," showed she had some
xipreelatlon of beautiful scenery, when she
selected the Oriel room for her boudoir dur
ing' her occasional visits to Cashlobury.
Charles I and Charle. IT. both hod a high
appreciation of the charms of Cashlobury.
It was the latter who built the plntureque
outside staircase down to the lake. This
In later yean was removed, as It furnished
such Infinite possibilities for an enterpris
Ing burglar. The place has been In the
possession of the Essex family since the
end of the reign of Charles TI.
Wards Back la London.
The .Wards have arrived buck In I.ondoii
after a good long honeymoon In the wilds
of 'Ireland. The Amerlcsn girl and her
husband have set a record In this respect
And I look to see longer honeymoon be
come the fashion among the smart set.
thanks to ' their example. The "Hon
Johnny" and his demure little mate have
been away for more than six weeks.
I fnet them coming out' of Dorchester
house, the other morning, the embassy
being their headquarters until they take-up
their abode at the earl and countess of
Dudley's town residence, 7 Carlton Gardens,
about the middle of September. They are,
however, booked for a series of country
house visits In Englsnd and Scotland
Mrs. Ward is having all her private be
longings, including her wedding presents
packed and forwarded to 7, Carlton
Hardens. These have been stored away at
the embassy since her marriage. She Is
looking for a country place which, I hear.
will be presented to her by her mother as
a wedding gift In lieu of a I,ondon house
which was the origins! Ides. Mrs. Ward
decided that she would prefer a place of
he own In' the country. She was greatly
"taken" with the Irish jaunting cars and
purchased one in Dublin. It is upholstered
In drab and Is very Jaunty Indeed.
Rich Americana In Scotland.
Scotland this season la overrun by Amer
leans. "Not content with having taken
possession of Paris and London, rich Amer
leans now want to buy all the ancestral
seats and Jhe best moors In the north
8 said' the duke of Fife, the richest, man
north of the Tweed and. .the. son-in-law of
King Kdward. Fife Is prouder of his clan
than of having married a ' sovereign's
daughter. His Indignation thus may be
Imagined when Morgan Plant, the owner
of the yacht which innd such, a sensation
at Cowes this year, made, advances for the
purchsse of new Mar Lodge. It would ap
pear that Mr. riant la determined by hook
or crook to get hold of an ancestral home
In Scotland. This is not an easy matter.
In a fit ' of determined desperation to
achieve his b.iect lie hid a fancy price for
the home of the Kifcs. As n matter of
fsVt. he would have had far more chance
of buying Balmoral rustic.
rolrh Seldom Sell.
It Is always difficult to purchase out
right castle or mansion In Scotland.
Even the Scotch aristocracy are true to
the . instincts of their race. Thlrfty. cau
tious and careful, they are never like
their English nelghbora-hard tip. They
ate willing enough to let their houses, but
sell them Is another story. Most of
them would rather die than allow them
to pass out of the family. How often tho
Bradley-Martins have tried to buy Fal
tnaaran would be hard to estimate. The
fancy prices Mrs. David Featty, daughter
of the late Marshsll Field, has offered for
Invercauld la a matter of history. Mrs.
James Henry Smith. It Is well known,
would like to mske C'sstle Newe her own,
but all her millions can't buy It.
' ' Rdlnbarsjh Fall of tankers.
So full Cf Americanamany of whom are
tourists Is Prince's street, Edinburgh, Just
uow, that a well known American woman
told me she could easily Imagine herself
back In the United States, so ubiquitous la
the American accent. In the shops it Is
the wardrobe of the American woman
which is first considered. The tailor made
gowns and wraps likely to appeal to her
taste are those which are moat conspic
uously displayed, and American confection
ery and American drinks can this year be
The Cheapest Fat Reducer
: ; Is the Best
The attention of all who ara half choked
and generally bedeviled by an excess of
fat which, by the way. always aeems more
excessively exceajve during the sultry
season than any other, is called to the
Marmola Prescription Tablets.
Seventy-five cents secures enough of
these remarkable fat reducers from any
druggist to last you a good while. In fact,
It buy an extra large case. This la
enough to make a very desirable change
In almost anyone's weight. Taken one
after each meal and at bedtime the loss
of as much as a pound of fat a day has
been attained Innumerable times.
This la a royal result that seems all the
more remarkable when one realties these
tablets are cheaper by a half than any
thing else your druggist has. But the net
loas they bring about Is not the only good
festure of these tablets. They are pleas
ant to take; don't disturb the stomach;
don't require one to exercise a particle
or diet a mouthful, and last, but not least,
do not cause wrinkle. They reduce one
quickly but evenly naturally. Tliey pro
duce. In short, the Identical results of t lie
famous Marmola Preacriptlon. with which
they are Identical In composition.. Try a
case. If your druggist Is sold out then
write the makers, the Marmola Company
of Detroit, to send you one by mail.
Try Gold Medal Tilly-Haarlem Oil
For KM) years the world'a Standard
Remedy. Accept no substitute. Look
for tha words "Genuine Tilly-Haarlem
Holland" blown la the bottle. In liquid
or capsule form. For sale by
Cor. loin A Dodge Sis., Omaha, Nab.
The Twentieth Century Farmer
(ho Live Stock Mis.
obtained In half a dogen places In the
capital of the north.
Mfs. Itresel the Tbtag.
It wss the universal opinion that Mrs.
John Drexel was the smartest woman at
Alx tliis sesson. Her gowns snd her hsts
expressed the last word In Parisian chic
and she set the fashions ss easily as other
women set thlr hats at the proper angle.
ror all this her frocks for ordinary em
ission were cf the simplest design ex
quisite things of "broidery Anglnlse" or of
muslin worked by Breton peasantry. It
was only when she went to breakfast or
to dine with the king of Greece or other
high born friends that she wore the gowns
which msde the grsnd duchesses sit up
nd tske notes.
Mr. and Mrs. John Drexel went to the
tables a good deal, but both always played
with caution and retired Immediately If
they developed a losing streak. They were
frequently unrecognlr.ed and one very good
authority tells me thst Mrs. John Drexel
won t.VUO francs one night a coup which
for a few days was the talk of the place.
The Drexels are now motoring In France.
They have a magnificent touring tar for
their private use, possessing every modern
luxury. Including electric I ght and an
electric stove, which at a pinch can cook
a meal. A pair of revolvers aie always In
readiness should necessity for their use
-MhllUta Spell rieasnre.
At Contrexevllle, where Lord and iJidy
Bateman were staying for a short time
during August, the latter saw a great deal
of the Russian Grand Duchess Vladmir,
who has a great weakness for American.
They were constantly motoring about the
town together and were to be aeen tete a
tete at places of amusement. The Vlad-
mirs are among the Russian nobles who
are singled out for the animosity of the
nihilists. Lady Bateman received several
nonymous letters during her stay at Con
trexevllle advising her to give up the com
pany of the grand duchess. This was a
most difficult thing to do, ss her imperial
highness went out of her way to pay court
to her American friend. Eventually the
Batemans got out of the difficulty by
leaving Contrexevllle at the shortest no
tice. They were tactful enough, however,
not to let the Russian princess know that
her presence had anything to do with their
flight, though I hear I-ady Bateman did
advise her friend to the effect that site
had reason to know the grand duchess
would do well to be "most careful."
London Society Kntertalner Hires
Ont to Convalescent Patients and
Makes Them Forget Tronbles.
LONDON. Sept. 12. (Speclal.)-The bene
flcial effects of a visit to the theater by a
convalescent patient can now be had by
Ixmdonrrs without stirring from their bed !
or couch. Ceorge Silwlll, a well-known so
ciety entertainer, has, after months of prac
tice, cultivated a most soothing bedside
manner, and for a substantial fee will while
away the weary hours for those compelled
to stay Indoors.
This issue of consoling the convalescent
la a new one and sll Mr. Sllwlll's own.
Although he has not been In the business
long, he really Is so popular and in such
demand that his affairs are In the hands
of an agent, and should you want his at
tendance you must make your engagements
some time ahead. There Is no secret as to
the methods employed. Sllwlll's list of ac
complishments Is so extensive that they
defy competition on any extended scale. He
Is on elocutionist of rare power. He is an
expert In reading the human countenance,
although I hardly need to tell you that he
doesn't always tell his patients all that
he reads there. What he doesn't know
about 8haktspeare, Dickens, Virgil, Homer
arJ every other author of note isn't worth
knowing or wouldn't be of any interest to
his customers.
' One of the best elements of this Innova
tion Is that you can hire Mr. Silwill on
trial, and should he not prove to your
liking, return him with thanks and no hard
feelings. In order to introduce himself to
the public he hss published a little pam
phlet that sets forth the benefits to be de
rived from taking a bottle of "Silwill, un
diluted." I append a short extract:
Mr. George Silwill undertakes to greatly
relieve the monotony of convalescence with
out the aid of mechanical or artificial
means. Into the dreary sameness of the
sick room, Mr. George Silwill can bring
kaleidoscopic mind pictures, which not only
engage and arrest the attention of Its oc
cupant at the time, hut remain Impressed
upon the hearer's memory and Imagination
In cases of Inaomnia, from pain or other
causes, and In eases of acute depression,
Mr. George Silwlll can and does soothe and
brighten the weary hours of the sick cham
ber: in Point of fact, takes the patient
sway from hla or her surroundings as
much as it Is possible to flo so.
Some Watchdog: of Public Morals Will
Find Hla Work Cot Ont for
Him on the Bench.
OSTBND, Sept, II tSpeclal.) Although
the ban upon gambling has made this town
a sad and dreary place It) many respects
It still possesses much of its one-time glory
in another direction." The bathing girl Is
still to be found here as nowhere else In
the world over. With that single-eyed
righteousness which Is so typical of con
tinental countries. the reformers who
framed the antl-gamhllng law with an
eapeclal eye towards the morsl salvation of
Ostein!, completely overlooked the scantily
clad maidens, who throng the beach and
bring Joy to the hearts ot the amateur
To American eyes, used as they are to
skirts and rufflea on their women's bath
ing suits, the daring costumes of the mer
maids of the Belgian resort seem to call
for a hurry-up visit of Anthony Comstock.
To the continental, with his constant
perusal of the various weekly msgaslne of
so-called wit and humor, which make a
speciality of the nude In art, the lack of
reserve of his female companions aeems in
the natural order of things.
Certainly, the majority of the costumes of
the fair sex to he seen any morning these
days here would not only create a riot
If worn by a woman in the Cnlted States,
but would not be permitted by the police
there even If worn by a man. Many of
them are single piece affairs that fit the
form like the tightest glove that ever
woman donned and the great majority of
them could be carried away In one's pocket
without any great overcrowding. Sleeve
leu, low-necked and well-nigh legless,
many of them out-do La Milo she of the
theater, not of the Louvre in the flouting
of public taate.
There was a time, of courae. not so very
long ago. when mixed bathing was un
known on this side of the Atlantic. Society
really never bathed In public, while the
general rule throughout all classes was for
bathers ot the feminine and masculine sex
to keep as much of the foreshore between
them as possible. Ostend along with the
majority of tha other popular resorts, has
outgrown such Ideas and has traveled con
siderably further In the op posit direction
than we ever dared or wished to in the
Vnlled States. There is a free and easy
air about tha bathers here that permeates
all grades of society and contrlbutea to the
gaiety of the sport. Everybody feels
privileged to talk to anyone else, male or
female, and there is a degree of familiarity
undreamt of at even so democratic and
cosmopolitan a place as Coney Island io
the United Slates.
Scotchman Who Gave Up Wealth for
Sake of an Idea.
Land for the Landless and Employ
ment for the Idle, with Incidental
Food for the Honary, la
His Aim.
LONDON. Sept. 13.-8peiial. Alexan
der Stewart (Jray, leader of the "Hunger
Marchers," who are attracting so much at
tention In England Just now, was until re
cently one of the most prominent and
successful lawyers In Edinburgh. In order
to Identify himself with Ihla new move
mentwhich Is organized for the purpose
of calling public attention to the unem
ployed problem, especially In Its bearing
on the land question he abandoned a for
tune of nearly $200,000.
Clad In rough garments, a slouch hat
and rometimes barefooted, Stewart Gray Is
tramping about the country at the head of
a body of men, like a modern Peter tha
Hermit, preaching a new crusade. Not
long ago tho "Hunger Marchers," led by
him, walked from Manchester to London, a
distance of 187 miles, to present a petition
to King Edward. In London they were In
vited to St. Paul's Cathedral, where Arch
deacon Sinclair delivered 4 sermon cham
pioning their cause and collected S'JCO to
provido Ihem with food and shelter. Rev.
R. J. Campbell of tha City Temple also
"entertained" them In a similar way. Re
cently they "Invaded" Canterbury cathe
dral and created a sensation by demand
ing that a sermon on unemployment and
the land question should be preached.
The personality of Stewart Gray Is strik
ing. Tall, gaunt, ascetic, with long hair
and deep-set eyes, clad In workmen's
clothes and often wearing knickerbockers
wllh no stockings, with a great "sombrero''
pulled down over his eyes, he looks like
the typical "social reformer" depicted on
the stage. Seated In his dingy little office
In Fetter Lane the headquarters of the
"Hunger Marcher" he told me the story
of his life.
Story of Uls Life.
"1 was born In Easi Lothian, Scotland, in
.'.S6a," he said, leaning back In a rickety
chair and smoking a cigarette, "and had
every cdvantago of a good education, ex
cept that, as my father was more or less
Independent, I was brought up to entertain
a mistaken notion of the dignity of labor.
My mother was a woman of great culture,
4 remarkable musician, and Is said to Jiave
been descended from an early Scottish
king. One of my uncles was physician to
the late Queen Victoria
I was sent to one of the best private
schools In England a place where, a part
cf our education, they bring you up to
have an utter contempt for manual work.
I had a natural instinct for farming, but
my people took good care to suppress these
yearnings and when I left school 1 was
sent straight away to study law. I eventu
ally entered the office of a prominent
Edinburgh counsel. This office was con
netted with the highest people in the coun
try and in time 1 made the acquaintance
of the most aristocratic 'set' In Scotland.
I became a typical society man and moved
in tiie atmosphere of royalty, even coming
tn contact with tho duke of Fife. Eventu
ally I became the trustee of a vtry largo
estate In connection with the heirs of the
di:ke of Klfa and had the management of
their vast landed holdings.
Society" Loses Its Savor.
"It was about this time that. In traveling
about Scotland, managing various estates
and buying and speculating In landed prop
erly, tiiat I came In contact with some of
my father's people, who belonged to what
would be called the peasant proprietary
class. Though these people were in a far
humbler state of life than those among
whom I moved, 1 soon learned that they
mere worth more than all the educated
"society' people and rich people put to
gether. In the humble homesteads of
Caithness, I found the highest standards
of virtue, and. besides, the people possessed
very fine ideals of citizenship and hu
manity. In the poorest cottages I often
csmn across photographs and mementoes
of famous scientists, explorers, writers
artists and people of that kind. I began to
realise the emptiness and vapidity of the
sort of life I was leading, and, indeed, of
the life that s led generally by the no
called 'upper classes.'
"Though practising as a lawyer at this
time, I always tried to act as a man; and
by attempting to perform this dual duty
I lost my respect for the law and lawyers
generally, while my admiration for men, as
men, Increased. Naturally, my business
deals brought me in contact with a large
number of people, who were not men in
any sense of the term. Especially In the
commercial classes, I found meanness and
unscrupulousness, and my soul often
burned with shame at the transactions
came across. Just st this time the psycho
logical moment, It might bo railed I came
In contact with the works of Tolstoy and
Henry George and I chanced to meet Prince
Peter Kropotkin. By thinking over the new
problems which these great thinkers
brought to my mind, I formed a plan fo
severing my connection with all that class
of society and "sll Its works" In which I
had been engaged.
Land for tha People.
"When I took the resolve to 'quit the
game,' I gave nil my property Into the
hands of a friend, and then left the whole
business. I should say the property aban
doned was worth about ISO.OOO. I decided
then to devote my life to trying to obtain
some of the land for the people. There
are vast tracts of land In England which
are nut under cultivation at all, and, be
aides this, upwards of 100.000 acres a year
go out of cultivation for sporting purpose!
that Is, for shooting and fishing and for
deer parks, made by the wealthy and
landed classes. With nearly a million un
employed men walking about, and these
bare acres cf England watting to be tilled.
It seems a crime to me that this idle land
should not be linked to Idle labor. The
people of England have a birthright in
their own soil, and that Is whv in my
speeches and pamphlets. I refer to them
as the 'born-robbed.' They have no right
to live, and If the landed classes tn Eng
land choose to turn them all out tomor
row, they would have perfect legal power
to do ao. With my knowledge of farming
and my experience on the land, I am quite
convinced that I would soon be able to
teach every man under my charge to make
his own living on the land.
Aim of the Hanger March.
"My main Idea In the hunger march Is
this: If we can got, say 10,000 men, march
ing about the country and agitating, we
are sure to make an impression on the
authorities In time. The people themselves
will have a species of grand holiday at
the best season of the year. We our tak
ing our men to all the 'swell seaside re
sorts, such as Hastings, Bexhlll, Brighton
and elsewhere, and the process of educa
tion is going on. Wherever we go, we find
the public sympathetic; though, of course,
the pclice and the authorities are gener
ally opposed. In London, several prominent
persons have already come to speak from
our platform', and we think the plan me
have adopted of giving the workl-sa men
and women a grand national holiday at
I the public expense a very effect've way
of railing attention to the unemployed
problem, t
"One million men and WMii'n In Eng
land, at least, are unemployed. These In
clude many of the vigorous arid must ca
pable workmen the world has ever seen.
Vsst tracts of fertile hmd lie Idle. Eng
land's cultivuled area is the only one in
the world that has decreased during tha
last twenty-five yeai. Its land and climate
nd markets are the world's Pert. It is
madness on the part of thoe who value
money to neglect these cnnadi ratlrns. The
nemployed are costing us for maintenance
n prisons and workhouses, by public and
private charity and reforming agent l-s, and
by a loss of potential productive power on
he hind, not less than $."."0 im,i year.
he hunger marchers seek to abolish all
hese costly Institutions."
nliioe Record of St. Pctrr'a. Vere
Street, Where Pews Are la
Grent Demand.
IiONDON, Sept. 1!. tSpeclal.) Two mar-
lages only In two centuries Is a Vecord
of which possibly but one church in the
world can boast. That church is St.
retere Vere street. And yet St. Peter's
is one ot the most fashionable churches
of London. The leHson ot Its record Is
curious. The chuich is not licensed for
Four eais ago in the little church, with
the aid of a special license and a special
proclamation and dispensation, the arch
bishop of Canterbury, primate of all Bug-
land, assisted by a distinguished gathering
of clergy married hla chaplain, Rev. Mr.
McMillan to Miss Maurice, granddaughter
of the late Rev. Charles Maurice, and
daughter of General Maurice. In the mid
dle Victorian period Dr. Maurice was the
Incumbent of the church. He soon became
celebrated as the most eloquent and power
ful preacher In the Church of England, and
brought St. Peter's from the unknown
ranks of a chapel of ease to Ha present
status of a famous and fashionable church.
The only otlier marriage celebrated In the
church was that of Lord Selborne's daugh
ter to Colonel Ixjrd Dlgby of the Cold
stream Guards. This was some years ago
and King Edward was among the guests.
But for the fact that the bride was daugh
ter of England a lord chancellor. It Is
doubtful whether the special authorization
needed for the ceremony would have been
issued. In the McMillan-Maurice wedding
the fact that the bridegroom was chaplain
to the Archbishop of Canterbury made It
easier to grant the bride's request that
she might bemarrted In her grandfather's
old church. The fees for the special llccnso
and special authorization amounted to $2o0.
St. Peter's was built two centuries ago
by the earl ot Oxford as a domestic chapel
to his big mansion on what were then
the outskirts of London. About a century
age, when the earldom became extinct, the
chapel, became the property of the crown
and has remainded so ever since. For
years it was used as a chapel of ease
and lias never had a parish attached to
It. The government finally charged pew
rents. In Dr. Maurice's time, for the church
was crowdid to the doors twice every Sun
day. When Dr. Maurice died Canon Page
Hoberts of Canterbury, another of Eng
land's most famous preachers, s Receded
him end Is still In charge. Canon Page
Roberts comes to London only during the
social season and during the other months
of the year his curate conducts the serv
ices, and distinguished preachers from all
parts visit tilers. Tha late Bishop Potter
of New York has been heard there.
The exterior of St. Peter's Is very plain.
It looks more like a little old church In
the backwoods of the United States than a
famous London place of worship. But the
Interior Is a thing of beauty. Thousands
upon thousands Cf dollars hate been spent
on It during tho last quarter of a century.
Its marvelous windows, altar pictures and
deeorations are all by Burne-Jones and
hundreds ot American tourists visit It every
year to see them. Its congregation Is said
to be the most Intellectual in England.
The church boing so near Cavendish square
and Harley street, a large number of
scientists, surgeons and physicians attend
It. Lord Cheylesmore. ex-mayor of West
minster, and his American wife attend.
The duke of Wellington. Ixird Rolierts and
a hundred or more great peers are pew
holders. So anxious are people to attend
the services that the vestry always has a
waiting list of over .'.on who have applied
for pews.
RKhltilUl's MITES.
The Protestant. Catholic and Jewish de
nominations of Oakland, Cel., have organ
ized under one constitution a society ol the
pastors to help along the church work in
the city.
It costs the Methodist Episcopal church
about Jai.out.oW annually tor Its preaching
and superintendence, this including a bom.
!, that is paid to superannuated min
im ers. , ,,
Tho dealh of Elder Eli Owens, near Beck
ton, K, ends the career of a man who had
preached the gospel for over sixty years,
and had baptized more persons man any
other minister in tho state.
Church work In I'ganda has been greatly
aided or late years ny me prime minister,
A polo Kugwa, at whose home every week
ttiere Is a Bible class which is ufien at
tended by as many as thirty of tho highest
Bishop Ibarra of Pueblo, Mex., has re
eelved a letter from Pope Plus offering
him the archbishopric or Mexico, mnUi
vacant hv the death of Archbishop Alakon
The Pueblo prelate has accepted the office.
A missionary deaconess In Liberia has
edited in native dialect a book containing
t be Ten Commandments, ttie Apusiles
Creed, the doxology and a number of the
best known hvmns. The book is not onlv
the first book published in the dialect, but
the first successful attempt to make it a
written language.
Rev. Father David Hillhuuse Buel, S. J.,
president of Georgetown university, lias re
ceived notification from the superior gen
eral of the Jesuit order In Rome that his
official duties as head of the Washington
university will terminate on September 1.
A few days later Father Buel will assume
parochial duties at til. Joseph's college,
Philadelphia. Rev. Father Joseph Hlmmel.
8. J., rector of St. Aloyslus' church and
president of UonxHga college, has been
named as Father Bud's successor.
Travel Where You Will
You Win Find
Is "Always Right"
' ,Bjr3Btf!m'
The Correct Apparel
For Women and Misses
Long Delay Responsible for Some
Queer Leal Situations.
Inquisitors Who Tortured Woald-Be
Regicide to Extort Confession
Are Being; Tried for
Their Offense.
ROME, Sept. 12.-tSpeclal.)-Wlde atten
tion is being attracted by the trial of Com
mendator Canevelll, director general of the
prisons of the kingdom, and Commendator
Doria, his second In command, because of
the high positions of tho accused and the ob
ject lesson which it presents for those who
are agitating for prompter justice. The two
officials are being Indicted for moral cruel
ties to a prisoner, with the object of in
ducing him to betray his accomplices. The
trial has already had two distinct and
beneficial effects, that of further opening
the eyes of Italians to the need of reform
of prison methods, and also to the scanda
lous delays In bringing aocused persons,
whether innocent or guilty, to trial.
The latter seems to be a characteristic of
"justice" peculiarly Italian, as there is
scarcely another country where a prisoner
ran languish for years In prison on mere
suspicion. So universal is. the custom here,
that I have not been able to remember a
single Important trial In this country where
the prisoner wss tried Inside of two years
after the crime was committed, and it Is
usually twice that time.
"Third Dea-ree for Arrlarlta.
Who has not heard of Acciarlto, the
would-be murderer of King Humbert? In
the minds of most people he is such ancleat
history that he Is almost forgotten, but the
trial now going on hss to do with his im
prisonment, although his attempt on the
life of King Humbert took place ten years
ago, his escaped victim has been dead
eight years, and Acciarlto himself Is lan
guishing In a cell where ten yesrs of soli
tary confinement has made deep Inroads
on his Intelligence, and he Is little better
than an Idiot.
It seems 'that Commendator Doria, with
tho approval of Commendator Canevelll
and some others, finding that Acelarite re
fused to acknowledge that he had accom
plices, had one of the prison guards pre
tend to be a prisoner, and from the cell
adjoining, hy means of knocks on the wall,
Informed Acciarlto that his mistress had
had a son, and that they were dying of
hunger. To support this monstrous and
untrue story letters were sent to him, pur
porting to be from tho woman, with the
J same story. Acciarlto a love for her and
a possible child were the best elements In
him, and In his agony at their supposed
condition he at once gave way and supplied
the names of several men as his accom
plices. Lter, however, ha retracted hU
confession and nothing could be proved
against them.
People Demand Reforms.
Public indignation was at white heat
when the facts became public, and social
ism and even anarchism made enormous
strides. Notwithstanding this, it has taken
ten yesrs to bring these officials to Jus
tire. After all this time the public cares
little on whom the responsibility lies; what
they demsnd is that no such thing shall
happen again, and that the whole prison
lies the point of defense of those who ap
system shall be changed. And Just here
lies tha point of defense of those who ap
prove a somewhat lengthy delay between
the arrest of a person for a serious crime
and his trial. They argue that If he Is
tried at once passions are aroused, that
Jurors and even the Judge cannot argue
serenely, and that justice Is more apt to
go astray.
This keeping prisoners for years before
trying them Is doubly cruel In Italy, for
the reason that there Is no such thing as
ball for criminal offenses. If they can
afford It. allvt!ons In foods and com
forts ara allowed from outside. If they
are poor so much the worse for them.
Thus an Innocent man's affairs may go to
absolute ruin and his wife and family be
cast upon the street and public charity,
yet he has no redress. This Is the reason
that both Innocent and guilty at once take
to cover on the least hint of danger. To
be taken Is fatal: if they ran hide for a
while their Innocence may be proved while
they are at liberty.
Aarleat trim aa Example.
Another ancient crime, Just pow judged
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and concluded anil which Illustrates this
point, Is that of the murder of Buion
Saporlto, brother of the well-known
Sicilian deputy, who has been the head
of no many parliamentary commissions
to inquire Into the Caniorra und doubtful
doings in the south. Deputy Snporlto aj
the chief cause of bringing ex-Minlster
Nasi to trial and has always believed
that the latter had a mural Influence In
the murder of ills brother. The latter
was murdered seven and a half years ago,
so that the accused men, now proved to
be Innocent, have been seven years In
prison, turning In that time from com
paratively young men Into middle-aged
ones. There la no way of regaining or
revenging those lost precious years.
The now famous Filippo Clfarlello trial
exhibited Italian justice In a new light,
while retaining the features of the old.
While three years have passed since this
Neapolitan sculptor murdered his wife In
a fit of Jealousy, he Is yet unjudged for
the prime reason that while a trial was
instituted this spring, It was considered
that the Jurors were altogether too sym
pathetic with the prisoner, the judge was
not above suspicion, and the public, not
only made no secret of Its opinion, but fre
quently took a hand in the proceedings. At
last even this accommodating judge's pa
tience found its limit, and the trial has
been postponed, perhaps for years, anyway
for months, and when It comes oni ajjaln It
will take place In the north at Bologna
or Turin, where tho prisoner Is not known
and where tho public does not care onm
way or the other. The jurors were furious
at this, -('filling it a "miscarriage of Jus
tice." Incidentally they objected to being
deprived of what was really to them a
scene "as good as a play," In which tliey
had the proud satisfaction of being promi
nent actors. "It Is useless to change, (io
where you will all over .Italy, Clfarlello
Will tvot find a Jury which will not acquit
him with Its eyes shut," one enraged Juror
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A chariicteristlc case shows another
phase of Itiillan law that Is, that even the
confessed guilt' of a prisoner does not
hurry his trial. A certain Casale mur-.
deied an elderly man of good means in
1X95 lm Perugia, and when arrested shortly
after confessed his guilt, notwithstanding h
has Just been placed on trial. Of course,
in such a case the lawyer for the de
fense seeks every excuse to put off the
trial. Their client Is sure to be given
long years In prison, but the time spent
In prison before the trial Is deducted from
the sentence. Before the trial, however,
he Is allowed certain privileges, such an
seeing his family and friends, reading,
writing, better food and lodging, so he de
sires, naturally, to prolong the period as)
long as possible.
Casals expects to spend the next thirty
years at least In prison, and now that his;
trial has finally come It will probably
prove a not unwelcome break in the mon.
otony of his days. This same C'asale has
lately passed his leisure tn prison writing
a play which was reported to have been
accepted by Elcanora Duse. This wss later
discovered to be mere Invention, and the
confessed murderer is now writing his
prison experiences.
Thus the only persons who gain by the
extraordinary dllatoriness of the Italian
law are the assured criminals, and It bears
hardest of ail on the Innocent. Publio
opinion! In the peninsula Is perfectly unani
mous In demanding that there should be
a thorough overhauling of the procedure
of the law. The law llself Is of the high,
est order and the Judges and responsible
authorities In their great majority are ani
mated only by an honest desire to see it
carried ont, but the Jurors cannot be
depended upon and the public Is often car
ried away, so that there Is always delay
and often real miscarriage of Justice,
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