Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, August 17, 1908, Image 1

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    The Omaha ' Daily Bee
VOL. XXXVIII NO. 51.
OMAHA, MONDAY MORNING, AUGUST 17, 1908 TEN FAGES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
S'
hi
i WILL TELL SHERMAN
Republican Candidate for Vice Pres
ident to Be Notified Tuesday.
HITCHCOCK WILL ATTEND
Chairman Leaves T Today After
Holding Sever, .j fences.
1 '
BALLY IN VIEC i ' FRIDAY
V '
Judge Taft Will Maki from
Porch of Clnb 1
i . of ""
J
BRYAN TO SPEAK IN Dl
JUS
Khrakaa Will Make Address on
Tariff Friday and Will Go to
Chicago to Attrnd Con
ference Saturday
NEW YORK, Aug. lO.-Polltioal activity
throughout the country will be quickened
this week with several Interesting: events.
Congressman James 8. Sherman will be
officially informed of his nomination as
vice presidential candidate by the republi
cans In Utlca on Tuesday. Senator Bur
rows, chairman of the notification com
mittee, will deliver an address on behalf
of the committee and Mr. Sherman will
respond. On the same day In Chicago, E.
W. Chafln. the prohibition candidate for
president, will be formally notified of his
nomination.
Friday has been designated for a rally of
VlrglrJo, republicans at Hot Springs, Va.
Judge William II. Taft will make a political
speech from the porch of the club house
adjacent to the hotel.
Brran to Speak n Dies Moines.
William J. Bryan, the democratic nominee,
will deliver a speech on the tariff at Des
Moines, la., on Friday and will leave that
night for Chicago, where he will attend a
confreno of democratic leaders. Mr. Bryan
expects to remain In Chicago for three
days.
Chairman Hitchcock of the republican na
tional committee wfl attend the Sherman
notification ceremonies on Tuesday, going
from Utlca to Boston, where he will meet
the New England republican leaders on
Thursday."
Chairman Mack expects to open demo
cratic headquarters In New York during
the week. He will probably go to Chicago
the latter rart of the week to participate
In the conference with Mr. Bryan.
Minnesota democrats will hold their state
convention In Minneapolis on Wednesday.
Kaosaa Mas See Hitchcock.
CHICAOO, Aug. 16. Chairman Hitchcock
and other officials of the republican na
tional committee spent a quiet Sunday.
D. W. Mulvane, Ui member of the com
mittee from Kansas, was the only political
arrival. He will remain until tomorrow
for a conference with Mr. Hitchcock and
other prominent republican leuders now
here. General Coleman Pupont, director of
the speaker' buieau, and George R. Shel
don, treasurer of the national, committee,
left f6r "New' "Yo'ik. it'u'rlng' the 'afternoon.
Mr. Hitchcock will leave here tomorrow
afternoon for I'tlea.' N- Y., to be present
at the notiriraUori of Mr. Sherman, the
republican nominee for vice president. '-
Mark Going- to toast.
A fight to awing the northwestern states
Into the democratic column Is being out
l.ned by the democratic national committee,
uml Chairman Mack Is contemplating a
trip to the west to rally the leaders of the
party along the Pacific coast to vigorous
uctlon. Reports received at democratlo
headquarters here, Indicated, the leaders
bay, that Montana and other states In the
mountain region form a promising battle
ground for the democrats. John L. Wood,
head of the speakers' bureau, said tonight
that he would be prepared to send many
well known speakers In to the western
territory to wage a lively campaign In
every debatable district.
Chairman Mack expects to make his
western trip during the. latter part of Sep
tember.
National Committeeman Martin J. Wade
of Iowa left here tonight for Buffalo, where
he will open the national campaign to
morrow night In New York state with
speech under the auspices of the national
committee.
STATES FOR CORN SHOW SPACE
Minnesota and Wisconsin Among"
First to Choose Places for
Exhibits.
The work of selecting space for the
various states which will iiave exhibit at
the National Corn exposition is now on
and within a few weeks every state will
know Just how much room can be secured
and begin preparing tho exhibits accord
ingly. Blue prints will be made of the Audi
torium and plans for temporary buildings
adjoining it, that those who want conces
sions may secure them early. Already a
pile of applications are on file for ton
'tefcslon space.
Prof. C. P. Bull of the Minnesota Agri
cultural college at St. Paul, spent Satur
day In Omaha selecting the space which
will be used for the Minnesota exhibit.
This exhibit will be In Joint charge of
the Minnesota State Fair association and
the Ciop Improvement association of Min
nesota, i
Prof. Bull announced that arrangements
had been made to give a "National Corn
Exposition Day" at the Minnesota State
fair and Tuesday, September 1. has been
selected as the date. J. Wilkes Jones,
manager of the corn show, will go to Min
nesota during the fair and be with the
visitors and officer on "Corn Show Pay."
While In Omaha Prof. Bull received a
telegram from Prof. R. A. Moor cf the
Wisconsin Agricultural college, announcing
Ids Inability to join him In Omaha as
planned, and asking Prof, null to select
space for Wisconsin similar to that se
lected for Minnesota, which was done.
The Minnesota agriculturist declared the
Umaha Auditorium to ba an Ideal place
for tile big corn show.
JAMES J. HILL fS INJURED
Great Northern Magnate Has Hand
Braised In Mechanism of
Aatomohlla.
8T. PAUL Aug. rt. -James J. Hill, chair
man of the board of directors of the Great
Northern railway, was ralnfjlly injured In
an automobile accident near Duluth today.
While Mr. Hill was under the car the
chauffeur started the machine and Mr.
HUl's hand was caught In the mechanism.
Ha hurried to Duluth, where the hand was
dressed, and later came to St. Paul. He
said the Injury was not serious.
OMAHA MARKET AIDS GROWERS
Chance to "tor Wool Boosts Prices
Three to Five Teats a
I'aand.
CHEYENNE. Wyo.. Aug. l.-Speclal )
Wyoming flockmasters are In better spir
its now than they were a month ago, for
wool has advanced steadily and those who
were wise enough to consign, store or hold
for a later market are now enjoying the
benefits of the advance. And there are
many growers who feel thnt the top has
not yet been reached, and are holding for
a still further advance, and from present
indications, their hopes will be realised.
During the last few weeks, many Wyoming
clips have been sold at from 15 to 1&
cents, and one clip went for 17 cents.
These same wools last year brought from
19 to 22M cents, showing that the growers
of these wools have obtained within 4 and
5 cents of last year's prices, and this Is
not all, for this year's wool Is much
heavier than last season's clips, and In
many Instances the flockmasters, owing to
the Increased weight, have obtained fully
as much per head for their wool as they
received last year.
Among the many fortunate flockmasters
may be mentioned F. A. Hadscll of Raw
lins, whose clip amounted In round num
bers to 112,000 pounds. He receded 16
cents for this wool at Rawlins. The Had
sell wool was much heavier this year than
last, the fleeces averaging something like
nine and a quarter pounds, and as Mr.
Hadsell obtained within a few cents as
much per pound, the . increased weight
brings the net return from his wool clip
up to practically the same -figures as he
received last year.
Only those sheepmen who were led astray
by the wily talks of the buyers early In
the reason, have cause to complain. Many
of these growers obtained not more than
11 and 12 cents for their wool, whereas a
year ago they received as high as 19 and
20 cents for the same wool, and, as a rule,
all wools that were bought early In the
season at the ridiculously low offerings of
the buyers, were of light shrink, so that
the growers cannot make up In weight
for the difference In price.
And In this Improved condition of the
wool market the wool storage movement
has been a potent factor. Indeed, the
growers are becoming more convinced dally
that but for the storage movement, coupled
with the Increased consignment business,
prices would now be hovering around 12
and 13 cents. The warehouse established
at Omaha, as a result of the efforts of the
officers of the Wyoming Wool Growers'
association, and especially through the work
of President J. A. Delfelder, had a great
deal to do with the advanced prices, for
there are aeveral instances where growers
had even loaded their wool on the cars
and were ready to bill out to the Omaha
storage when the buyers on the ground In
creased their offerings several cents per
pound and secured the wool. And If there
had been no place to which these growers
could have sent their wool the buyer In
the field would have obtained It practically
at his own figures. So It Is then that the
Omaha warehouse, even though It was
small -In capacity and was established late
In the season, proved of vast benefit to the
growers, whether they shipped to It or not.
JU offered to the grower "the avenue of
escape" this season and enlightened him to
the (.visibilities of the future.
This storage movement had its Inception
In the minds of the officers of the Wyo
ming Wool Growers' association, who hove
ever been ulert to the Interests, not only
of the members of this splendid organiza
tion ami the sheepmen generally of Wyo
ming, but to the wool growers of adjoin
ing states. At first Its officers received
little or no encouragement and some of the
largest growers said that the movement
would be a failure, for the sheepmen would
not store their wool In the warehouse, and
It was only after much hard work that
several million pounds of wool were secured
for the Omaha concern. Like all move
ments, It had to have a small beginning.
However, the success attending this year,
assures the continued success of the Wyo
ming movement, and also the success of
the national movement, which Is now In
charge xt the executive committee of the
National Wool Growers' association, which
will meet In Salt Lke City August 26 to
formulate plans.
GOOD SIGN OF PROSPERITY
One Eastern Rallrond Is Forced to
Enlarge Facility hy Increased
Business.
The Lackawanna railroad has secured
the largo double pier at the foot of Cather
ine street. New York City, on the East
river and will, effective September 1, es
tablish a new freight station with dally
float service to and from the same. This
pier Is Ideally located for doing a large
freight business. The section of the East
side adjacent thereto, and In what Is
known as the "Brookyn Bridge district," is
filled with Industries, manufactories and
business houses of all kinds.. As a result
of the excellence of Its service the west
bound merchandise traffic of the Lacka
wanna railroad has shown an extraordi
nary growth In recent years and the estab
lishment of a freight station, aside from
the opportunity of a largely Increased busi
ness In that section, has been found to be
a necessity as a relief to the large amount
of traffic which It has been called upon to
handle through Its pier stations on the
North river. Considerable of the business
which comes from east of Broadway
will hereafter more conveniently use the
new East rtver pier.
DEATH RECORD.
Mrs. Kate G. Turner.
CHEYENNE. Wyo., Aug. 16. (Special.)
Mrs. Kate O. Turner, sister of the widow
of the late Governor DeForest Richards,
and one of Cheyenne's most highly re
spected cltlxens, died suddenly Friday
evening of heart failure. Deceased had
been calling on friends during the after
noon, and was taking a nap when death
came. Mrs. Richards and her son, De
Forest Richards, arrived from Douglas this
evening to take charge of the funeral. De
ceased leaves one young son. Mrs. Turner
was one of the state's foremost business
women. For many years she conducted
the leading hotel at Douglas, but during re
cent years she was engaged In the sheep
business, making a success of It.
Endaranr Hora Kace.
CHEYENNE. Wyo.. Aug. 16 -tSpeclal.)-Entrles
for the horse endurance race, Den
ver to Cheyenne, which will be run on
Thursday, August 10, are coming fast, and
there will be not less than fifteen starters,
Among the entries to date are Sam Sco-
vllle, Peter Dlckerson, Frank Smith, Harry
Tipton of Denver, Norman Scherer of Gree
ley, who will ride Jumbo, a roan horse
weighing 1,110 pounds; W. P. Bluster of
Fort Collins, who will ride "Nan Patter
son," a sorrel mare, 4 years old; Miss
Jane Bernioudy of Denver and others.
ANSWER TO HIGH TAX TALK
Increase ii Only $18,068.84 Deipite
Rapid Growth of State.
SHELDON AJID RIDER SPEAK
State Republican Committee Plans
Extensive Speaking 'Campaign for
September and October
Democrats for Taft.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN, Aug. 16.-(8peclal.) The
shouts of the democrats that the farm lands
of Nebraska are assessed too high and that
the people of Nebraska are being robbed
blind because of the action of the State
Board of Equalisation, is not borne out
by the facts. The Increase In taxes this
ycur over last year for state purposes Is
ridiculously small and the smallness speik
volumes for the able and economical ad
ministration of state business of Governor
Sheldon and his republican assistant.
State taxes will be Increased by the In
crease of the assessment only tlS.06S.8t. This
Increase I divided among all the people
In the state.
Considering the marvelous development of
the state, the growth of the state institu
tions and the necessarily Increasing of
business details to be attended to at the
state house, the howl going up from
George W. Berge and democratic news
1 apors looks like the yelp of faker or un
informed persons.
Th greater part of the Increase In taxes
goe to the university and to pay off a
state debt left by a fusion administration.
The university will receive In excess of
Its last year's receipts 102,283.32 and the re
demption fund will receive th same
amount. The Slate Board of Equalisation
had nothing to do with either of these.
Both levies are fixed by law. The univer
sity has been receiving the proceeds from
a 1 mill levy on the entire assessment
of the state for many year. One mill levy
on the entire assessment ha been going
Into the fund to pay off the fusion state
debt for several year. Even George W.
Berge has had nothing to say about the
money spent on th university.
The state board can use Its discretion In
making the levy only for the general fund.
Thla levy was reduced of a mill and the
amount of money which this levy will raise
will be sufficient only to run the state In
a most economical and business-like man
nernot like the fustonista conducted It
affairs when they left the enormous Illegal
state debt.
Sheldon and Rider Speak.
The republican state committee Is get
ting down to work In fine shape and, while
some few good meetings have been held
over the state, during September and
October the prairie will be full of meet
ings. The committee I making out a
speaking tour for Governor Sheldon which
will include most of the two months, while
Senator Burkett and Senator Brown will
also devote a great portion of their time
to republican meetings. The committee ha
on It Hat of speaker many good men
who will be sent out during the campaign.
Yesterday Governor Sheldon spoke at Union
and Labor Commissioner Ryder spoke at
Dixon, where a big meeting was held.
Secretary Corrlck haa taken hold ef tho
management of the campaign during the
absence of Chairman Hay ward .and th
work Is being kept right up to date.
The Traveling Men's Taft club met last
night at the Llndell with a large number
In attendance. L. P. Sine of Lincoln is
president of this club. The meeting cer
tainly demonstrated that not ail the travel
ing men are for Bryan contrary to the
claims of the democratlo spellbinders.
Democratic Farmers for Taft.
"Many democrats up our way are going
to vote for Mr. Taft for president"
This Is the Information brought to Lin
coln this morning by Fred Sonnenschlen
of West Point. . '
"I attended a meeting of democrats the
other night." he continued, "and while sit
ting beside a prominent member of that
party he told me he Intended to vote for
Mr. Taft.
"I accused him of Joking, but the man
said It was a fact and he gave me the
names of several other democratic farmers
who will not vote for Bryan."
Mr. Sonnenschlen gave the name of the
democrats who had told him they In
tended to vote for Taft.
'One democrat sajd," reported Mr. Son
nenschlen, "the only reason any of us
farmers would vote for Bryan would be
because we could get cheaper labor If he
was elected. We are paying a high price
for labor now and It Is hard to get, but If
Bryan were elected maybe we could get
help cheaper. But my farm Is worth 11 IS
an acre, my corn 70 cents and everything
else I have raised In proportion, so why
should I vote for a change even If I am a
democrat?"
Johnson Taken for Preacher.
Joe Johnson, present deputy slate food
commissioner, who has filled many posi
tions In life, political and otherwise, passed
the other night for a full fledged preacher,
and as a result helped out two friends.
The two friends, whose names are with
held, because they would not work well
when coupled up with a man mistaken for
a minister, went out to the Epworth as
sembly to hear Senator La Follette. When
they arrived every seat was taken and they
atarted to go back to town. Then ran
into Johnson.
"I'll get you a seat and a good one,"
Johnson volunteered.
The two men consenting the three went
to the rear of the auditorium, through the
passage to the stage upon which the large
choir was seated. They passed several
door keepers without being challenged un
til they stepped out In the limelight
among the members of the choir. Here
Johnson, who was preceding, calmly
walked over and took seat without being
stopped.
Not so with the other two, they were
promptly challenged.
"Have you choir eeat?" they wer asked.
Replying In the negative the door keeper
promptly ordered them off the stage.
Thla wo used th Ire of the two, because
their host was calmly seated and paying
no attention to them.
"You let that man In and he ha no
ticket," one of them remarked.
"He's a preacher," wa tho prompt an
swer. "Well, he Invited u to com her with
him," said one of Johnson's gueats.
"Well, pardon me," hastily said the
door keeper, "walk right In. I didn't know
that." All three got seats.
HOTIKIsTS OV OCBAJI TBSSBLI.
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sal 14.
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Sid you ever notice how absolutely
water la th old wlmmiaf hoi
De Moines Register ahd Leader.
TO PREYENI LAW S DELAY
Bar Association Committee Favors
Eadical Changes.
BAN ON TECHNICAL POINTS
Preposition to Have Caea Decided
Upon Their Merit arnat Restrict
voa of 'Wrlt
" ErrOrVt-.' '
NEW YORK, Aug. 16. Courts of appeal
will no longer decide civil or criminal liti
gations brought before them on purely
technical points, (Ait will base their rulings
on the merit of the cases if the recom
mendations of a special committee of the
American Bar association ahall become
law.
The committee was appointed by the asso
ciation at Its last annual meeting to draft
proposed law to prevent delay and un
necessary cost In litigation. Its report will
be presented at the next annual meeting
In Seattle. August 25 to 28.
It opens with a statement that the ex
isting evil which seem most serious to
the committee Is the disposition in many
Jurisdictions to dispose of appeal or writ
of errors, both In civil and criminal cases,
upon technical grounds and not to decide
them 'upon the merits. In the Judgment of
the committee the rule for deciding ap
peals and writs of error should not be
based on reversible error committed In the
court blow, but upon the merits as the
case occurs upon the record.
Trial Becomes a tin me.
Continuing the report calls attention to
the fact that the tendency , of courts In
common law cases Is to construe adherence
to strict legal rules as the right of each
party, and to reverse If there has been
any Infraction of these rules.
"This make the trial of a case a game,"
declared the committee, "In which tho one
win who play the most skillfully, the
merits of the controversy having no part."
The unrestricted right to a writ of error
in criminal cases 1 characterized hy the
committee a flagrant abuse in Judicial pro
cedure. "These writs," the committee adds, "are
constantly sued out solely fur delay. The
punishment of notorious criminals thus is
constantly being postponed In violation of
every principle of Justice. This Is especially
flagsant In the suing out of writ of error
from the upreme court of the United
States to review the decision of the highest
courts of criminal Jurisdiction In the sev
eral states. We recommend that no writ of
error returnable In criminal cases to the
supreme court of the L'nlted States should
be allowed unless Justices at that court
shall certify that there la probable causi
to believe that the defendant was unjustly
convicted."
Criminal Methods a Farce.
In support of this recommendation the
committee quotes an address of Andrew
D. White, In which he stated that while
murders were increasing rapidly, yet the
procedure against them wa becoming
more and more Ineffective, and In the
light of recent cases In New York and
elsewhere was seen to be a farce, add
ing that h favored preventing appeals
based on mere technical matter and upon
error of trial Judges In trifling mattres
of procedure and the like which have
nothing to do with the question of guilt
or innocence.
The committee declare that the re
forms In civil procedure which It recom
mends are not theoretical, but have bean
tried and adopted In England to the sat
isfaction of the bar and benefit of liti
gant. "So far reform In criminal procedure
I concerned," says th report, "the griev
ance of which we complain ha nver ex
isted In England, but the statutory pro
visions there are similar to thos recom
mended by us."
Th commute will submit th draft
of an act to amend In the particular con
cerned the Judicial procedure of court
of th United States.
PLATTSMOUTH The city band gave a
fine concert on the sireel Saturday even
ing. These weekly concert are becomtr.g
very popular and are highly 'lit ei-d
by th clilxs' - . '
STRANGE BUT' TRUE
harmlet tsa feet of
NEWS FROM CAMP CRAWFORD
Report of TJnnsaal Sickness Sent
Oat ' Declared to Bo f.
False.
CAMP EMMET CRAWFORD. Wyo..
Aug. 16. (Special.) All of the militia
left this camp on August 10. It con
sisted of the. Third regiment. Wyoming
Infantry; Flrat regiment, Utah Infantry;
Flrt Field battery, Utah, and First reg
Iment, Colorado infantry.
Tho weather.-haa boea-nafavovabl since
August 10 for field operations. August
12 there wa a hailstorm lasting fifteen
minutes. It haa been very cold and fires
have to be kept up during evenings.
Stories have recently appeared In sev
eral yellow sheets telling of the awful
alcknesn In this camp and that many
deaths have occurred. There 1 not the
slightest truth In the stories. The sick
ness of the command Is 3 4-10 per cent
today and only two cases can be called
bad cases. There have been no deaths
and no accidents thus far and, all In all, the
command Is In fine shape and working
hard. " . ( '
Senator Warren and Major General
George M. Randall, U. S. A., retired, were
visitor In camp ojurtng the week.
Company A, signal corps, from Fort
Leavenworth, will stand relieved here on
August It and will proceed by rail on
August 20 for the maneuver camp at Fort
Riley for duty.
During the absence of the chief bur
geon. Lieutenant Colonel A, H. Appel,
Major Thomas V. Raymond of the medi
cal corps will have charge as chief sur
geon of the provisional division.
During the last week the problem un
dertaken were those of the "attack and
defense of 'a rear guard." t The general
situation was that the "brown" division
had been defeated by a ''blue" force in
the vicinity of Laramie and was retreat
ing by way of the Happy Jack road to
wards Cheyenne, pursued by Its opponent.
The problems to be wrought out for
the coming week, beginning Monday, Au
gust 17, will be for "the disposition of
forces for the security and Information of
troops 4n camp or bivouac" In the first
day' work special attention will be
given by superior officers to pointing out
to troop and company commanders the
error and the advantages of the disposi
tions made by them, having special refer
ence to the character of the terrain;
also to relieving outposts by a new de
tail. The methods of posting outpost
for a column In march will be Illustrated,
and also the posting of outposts at night,
and the necessary arrangement to resist
attack both by night and day will be
practiced. For the remainder of the week
these exercises will be undertaken by
squadrons, battalion and regiments,
closing 'with combined maneuvers on Fri
day with the solution of a problem In
minor tactics. Illustrating the exercises
of the first periods.
A big program. Is contemplated for the
closing week of the encampment, begin
ning August H. This will be a colllalon
of troop on the march by day, partici
pated In by. the entire command, and
will be virtually a aerie of trial battles
of both attack and defense.
Bryan at Mitchell Cora Show.
MITCHELL, 8. D.. Aug. 16. (Special.)
The corn palace committee have received
notice that William Jennings Bryan ha
consented through the national campaign
committee, to come to Mitchell and deliver
an address during the week of the corn
palace. The committee commenced negotia
tions with Mr. Bryan immediately after
the convention at Denver and he assured
them that he would come to Mitchell if the
committee could arrange It, and all the
atate candidates and member of the state
central committee have been pulling for
Bryan to come to Mitchell. Just what day
Mr. Bryan will speak here has not been
decided upon, although the committee
hoped to secure him for the opening day,
when special trains will very likely be
arranged for from all parts of the state.
It 1 possible that with the success of se
curing Mr. Bryan that the committee might
tart a movement to secure the presence
of Judge William Taft for an address th
latter part of the week, should th republi
can eandidat for president decide to aoine
west.
you (
rY i
li II l
0? Ill
But what abject terror lurk la th depth of a half.
Inch of water la th bottom of th wash baalat
COAL PRODUCTION IN IOWA
Output of Hawkeye Mines Nearly
Ei;b.t Million Tons last Tear.
GAS ENGINES ON WARSHIP
Suggestion for New Motive Power
for Fighting Machines that Will
r Me Cheaper1 and Render Them
Lea t'oasplenoas.
fFrom a Staff Correspondent.)
WASHINGTON. Aug. 16. (Speclal.)-Tho
total production of coal In Iowa In 190"
amounted to 7.57-1.322 Miort tons, having a
spot value of 112,258,012, according to E
W. Parker, of the United States geological
survey. These figures, compared with
those for 1906, show an Increase In the
later year of aB.OO. short tons, or 4.21 per
cent In quantity, and of $638,557, or 5.5 per
cent in value.
The coal production of the state for the
fiscal year which ended June 30, 1907, as
reported by Edward 8weeney, the Inspector
of the third mining district of Iowa, was
7,615,525 short tons, which was slightly lexs
than the production reported to the United
States geological survey for the calendar
year, but shows a gain of 279.301 short
tons over the production reported In W6.
Indicating that most of the Increaso in
1! 07 took place during the first six months
of the year.
The monetary disturbances In the latter
part of 1907 had a comparatively Insig
nificant effect on the cool mining Industry
in Iowa, chiefly because the output of
the mines goes principally to domestic
consumers and. outside of the very con
siderable quantities used by the railroads
traversing the state, is not largely con
sumed by Industrial operations.
The number of men employed In the
coal mines of Iowa In 1907 was 15.585, who
worked an average of 230 days, as against
15,260 men working for an average of 224
days In 19us and 15,113 men for 20ft days
In 1905. Tho average production per man
In the last three years has been 449.9 tons
In W5, 476.2 In 1906 and 46 In 1907. The
average tonnage per day for each man In,
the three years, was, respectively, 2.13,
1 13 and 2.11. A part of the decreased dally
production In 1907 was probably due to the
falling off In the quantity of coal mined
by machinery. Thirty-four machine were
reported In use In lOOrt, with a total of
193,6666 tons of machine-mined roal; In
1907 there were thirty-three machines re
ported In use, and the machine-mined
product decreased to 10S.O22 tona. As In
the other coal mining atates in which
operations are carried on under agreement
with the mine workers' union, most of
the mine of Iowa are worked on the basis
of the eight-hour day, the mines reporting
any other lergth of working day being
comparatively unimportant.
According to John Verner, R. T. Rhys
and Edward Sweeney, Inspectors . for the
three mining districts Into which the coal
fields of the state are divided, forty-one
men were killed and sixty-eight Injured
as the result of accidents In mines In 197.
On of the deaths was due to the ex
plosion of dust or gas; three were due to
explosions of powder or misplaced shot;
twenty-nine were due to falls of roof or
coal; two men were killed by being caught
by cars or motors; four were killed In
shaft accidents, and two deaths were
ascribed to miscellaneous causes. The
death rate -per 1,000 employes was 2.63.
Gas Engine on Warship.
The war vessel of the future will be a
swift, smokeless, noiseless craft, lying low
In the water, aith every vulnerable part
below the water line, the entire deck being
given over to the work of the guns. There
will be no smoke, because there will be no
smokestack. In the night time there
will be nothing to betray the presence of
this Invincible flghflng demon to the
enemy.
This prediction wa made today by Rob
ert Heywood Fernald, mechanical engineer,
who ha for aeveral years been connected
(Continued on Second Pag.)
MILlTIA ON GUARD
Over Four Thousand Troops Patrol
Streets of Spring-field, HI.
SEVERAL
INCIPIENT
RIOTS
Crowds Gather, but Are Quickly
Scattered by Soldieis.
NEGROES URGED TO REMAIN
Complaints from Other Towns Against
Tramping Parties.
TWO MORE VICTIMS DEAD
William Donnlgan and Frank Del'
more Kiplre In Hospital Ahont
Noon ondny Total Death
Mat on Five.
SPRING FIELD, 111., Aug. IS. With the
arrival here toduy of the Second and Sev
enth Infantry regiments, Illinois National
guard, and two squadrons of the First
cavalry, all from Chicago, the entire Na
tional guard of Illinois, with the excep
tion of the Sixth Infantry and the Eighth
Infantry tcolored), was on duty in the
rlot-rldden districts tonight. In all 4,200
guardsmen are In the city.
Two deaths due to the violence of Fri
day and Saturday occurred at St. John'
hospital. William Donnlgan, the aged
colored man whose throat was cut lat
night, expired at 11 a. m. Prank Del-
more, who was shot through the lunga
on Frlduy night, passed away an hour
later. This brings the list of violent
deaths during the race troubles up to
five.
A council of war wa held wt the capl
tol at 4 o'clock thla afternoon by Gov
ernor Deneen, Major General Young. Ad
jutant Oeneral Scott, General F. P. Wells
and Colonel J. B. Sanborn. At the meet
ing a plan wa adopted which it Is be
lieved will render further demonstrstlons
improbable. Colonel Sanborn was given
command of a provisional brigade, con
sisting of the First and Second Infantry
regiments, with instructions to preserve
the peace in the territory west of Seventh
street. The two regiments established
headquarters on the capltol grounds,
their shelter tents bordering the state
house on three sides. Oeneral F. P. Wells
was placed In command of a second pro
visional brigade, consisting of nine com
panies of the Fourth Infantry, three com
panies of the Third Infantry aud two
companies of the Fifth infantry.
Dla90ltlon of Troop.
. General Well, with headquarters at the
county Jail, Immediately posted guards to
cover th city east of Seventh street.
Troop B and G of the First cavalry
were detailed under Major Frank Bush
at division headquarters under Major Gen
eral Young. Th Second Infantry reached
this city at 3:30 p. m., under command of
Colonel John Garrlty. The manner In
which a line of skirmisher was thrown
out as the guardsmen debarked from the
train gained applause from th . crowd
which had gathered at the railroad sta
tion to watch the arrival. The khaki
clad militiamen marched to the capitol
to the beat of a fife and drum quickstep
and then assignment to Colonel Sanborn's
brigade followed. As It was nearly mid
night when the Seventh Infantry and the
First cavalry troopers arrived, no btigrfJe
assignment was given them, they prob
ably will be detailed a reinforcements
to the two brlgadea already formed.
Governor Deneen said thla afternoon that
he wished to so protect the city that the
negroes who fled will return. "We cai
protect them here and we can't when they
scatter about the country," said the gov
ernor. "If they will com back we will
give them food and shelter In government
tents."
Megroe Asked to Come to Arsenal.
At the conferences In the governor office
this afternoon step were taken to notify
the negro residents of suburban district to
come In to the state arsenal for the night.
The scattering settlements around th out
skirts of the city present too great a field
for even the big body of troops here now.
It wa the Idea of the military authorities
that the most effective work could be done
with the danger spots restricted a much
as possible. Another factor In this con
nection was the large number of warnings
of Impending trouble. At all the principal
stations word was received that attack)
were being organised by the lawless e la
ments who, with a complete day of rent,
were expected to make torJght the time of
supremo test between the mob and the
troops. Several complaint were received
from nearby villages and hamlet of the
existence of the threatening conditions. Tho
most Insistent came from Chatham, a vil
lage twelve miles south of here. The
negroes had become frightened at the atti
tude of their white nelghlors and asked
that troopa be sent. Their spokesman wa
told that the best plan would be for them
to come to Bprlngflold and seek protection
at the arsenal. The authorities are a bit
worried by theae condition In the outside
sections. Scores of negro families have left
Springfield either on foot or by trolley cars,
the latter class riding as far as their mean
permitted and then striking across country.
These tramping parties, aimless and penrJ
less, are causing sumo complaining from the
communities through which they pass. The
whltea assert that the presence of these
negro paupers Imposes unnecessary burden
and also argue that only the shiftless a.iA
Immoral portions of the Springfield negroes
are represented. Minor depredations, it Is
said, have already increased In the farming
districts because of this condition. The
Springfield authorities are dolr.g all they
can to reassure the negroes still here. Thus
far they have been partially successful, al
though the number of those who have
sought shelter In the arsenal Is surprisingly
small. Most of the refugees are advanced
in years, too. The younger negroes, who
might be expected to add fuel to the
smoldering flames by rush acts, thus far
have generally refused to become wards of
the slate.
Street anlcklf Cleared.
Governor Deneen explained tonight that
the disposition of troops ut the capital was
not because of any apprehension of danger
to that edifice but because the grounds have
excellent camping facilities and a stragetic
point from which Colonel Sanborn could
control the situation w. st of Seventh
street. An example of this was afforded
late this afternoon when an alarm reached
the arsenal for Hprlnx and Edward streets,
where Wlllimn Donnlgan was lynched last
night. A rapid-fire squad under Captain
J. V. C'llnnln of Chicago wa sent to the
placo on the double quick. Wtthlu five
minute he had cjeared the (treat for half
a mil from U threatened oeraar, thra